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Full text of "The anatomy of melancholy : vvhat it is ; vvith all the kindes, causes, symptomes, prognosticks, and seuerall cures of it ; in three maine partitions, with their seuerall sections, members, and subsections ; philosophically, medicinally, historically opened and cut vp"

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Bethesda, Maryland 








IN IH^EE MAINE <PJ1{T1T10 2^$ 

with their fcucr all Section s, Mem- 
sirs, and Svbsectxons. 

fife/ted and cut vp s 


Democritvs Junior. 

With a Satyricall P r b p a c a 3 conducing to 
the following Difcourfc. 

*fbe fecond TLdittiu^ correttedindtug* 
meated by the Author* 


Omns meuna, Nihil racurr^ 


Printedby Jobm Lichfield and Jamis Sho*? 3 
for Hbnry Cripps* k*A 9 £taw. 1*24. 










Mukis Nominibus Obferuando, 








Entlc Reader, I prcfume thou wilt bee very mquifitiue 
to know what perfoliate A&or this is,that fo infolent- 
ly intrudes vpon this common Thcater,to the Worlds 
view, arrogating another mans name, whence hecis, 
why he doth it,and what he hath to fay ? Although, as 
a he faid, Primum Jinolstero, non rejpondebo^ qtsis coaclts- 
rm eft ? J am free borne , and may chufe whether I will 
tell,who can com pell me? And could here readily reply with that Egyptian 
in b Plutarch ^ when a curious fellow would necdes know what he had in his 
basket^/**//? vides velatam.quid Squirts in rem abfconditamYw was therfore 
couercd,bccaufe hee lliould not know what was in it. Sceke not after that 
which is hid,if the contents pleafe thee, c And he for thy vfe^fuppefe the man 
in the Moone 3 or whom thou wilt to be thy Author j I would not willingly be 
knownc. Yet in fomc fort to giue thee fatisfaclion, which is more then J 
need 3 I will fhew a rcafon,both ofthisvfurpcdnaniejTitle^nd SubiecT:. And 
firft ofthc name of Democritiu^tft. any man by reafon of it 5 fhould be decei- 
uedjcxpc&ing a Pafquill,a Satyre,or fomc ridiculous Treatife (as I my fclfe 
(houldhauedoncjorfome prodigious Tcnent, or paradoxe ofthc Earths 
motioo^of infinite Worlds in infinite vacuo, ex fortuita atomorum collijione, 
in an infinite waftc,fo caufed by an accidental! collifion of motes in the Sun, 
all which Democrittss held, Epicurm 3 and their matter Leuctpptss of old main- 
tamed 3 and are lately reuiucd by Copernicus ^Brunus^nd fame others. Befides 
it hath bin alway es an ordinary cuftome, as d Gellim obferues, for later wri- 
ters and impo/lors,to broach many abfurdandinfolent fic7ions t vnder the name 
»ffo noble a Pbilofopher as Dcraocritus , to get themfelues credit^ and by that 
meaner the more to be resetted. "Tis not fo with me, 
« Ncn hie Cent auros, non Gorgonas y Harpy a 

InvenieSy hominem pagina noftrtfapit. 
No Centaures heere ? or Gorgons looke to find 3 
My fubiect is of man,and humane kind. 
Thou thy felfe art the fubicfk of my Difcourfe. 

{ Quicqu'tdagant homines ^otumpmor^ra^volupt as 5 
Gaudia^difcurfsK) nojlri farrago UbeUu 

What e're men doCjVowcSjfcares^n ire 3 in fport, 
Ioycs,wandrings,are the fumme of my report. 
Myintentisnootherwife to vfe his name , then iMereuriu* Gal!$belght*s ? 
Mer curias Britannicusyk the name oiMcrcury^DemocritusChrsfiianm^c, 
Although there be fomc other circumflances, for which 1 haue masked my 
fclfe vndcr this vifard 5 and forae peculiar refpe&s, which I cannot fo well ex- 
si 3 preflc, 

• Seneet'm lu£$ 
dii Cje/aris. 

b tump* 

c Medd bactibi 
ufui fat, quern, 
vis tuthorem 

d Isb.xo.'c.ii. 
Mult a a male 
ferktis in T>e» 
comnientu dutttt 9 
taatisq t eiu* 
perfugto utcntt" 

* Martialu lib, 


t Anth. ?tf « 
tejfeo. e&tjfo 
lorn if 10, 

DemtcritHS to the reader. 

wearifh old man, very melancholy by nature, aucrfc from company in his 
latter times, 1 and muchgiuentofolitarinelTe, afamousPhilofopherinhis 

2 preffe, vntill I hauefctdowne a briefc character ofjihis our Demerit us, 
s nb e»» 7)4- what he was,with an Epitome of his life. 

m$et. Democrttut^shz is defcribed by S Hippocrates and [* Laer tiu* , was a little 

• Hwfw/o fibi 
tellukm fell- 

gens ibiq- fap- a g Cj k coetw with i'^^s .wholly addicted to his ftudies,at the lait, ar>d to 
vZt }oiitT $ ' a P« uat€ liftiWrit many excellent workes. A great Diuinc, according to the 
r'w diuinity of chofe times 5 an expert Phyfitian 3 a Politician, an excellent Mathc* 

* Flsruit oiym- mat j c i anjas n j s 1 Diacofmfa&nd the reft of his Workes doe witncfle.He was 
at^pofino' much delighted with the ftudics of husbandry /aith m Columella, and ofren J 
ww. finde him cited by *Conjhnttnm and others, treating of thatfubicd. Hee 
\maf^bt kncw thc naturesjdififerenccs of all Beafts } Plants, FifticsJBirds, and as fome 
flute txctUit, fay^could vndcrftand the tunes and voices of them, In a word he waiomnifa- 
Laen. rtam jooi&s^ gencrall Schollcr, a great ftudent^ and to the intent hee might 
nfm^rtiib.' better coiuemplatc,P I find it related, that he put out his eyes , and was vo- 
ieagnc.pafim. lyntarily blind^yct faw more then all GreecebcijAcs, and 1 writofeuery fub- 
ovoUctum to- - e ^^ jqihd in toto oprfcio nature, de quo non [crip ft. A man of an excellent 

£«%rcV'fi- wit, profound conceit; and to attaine knowledge the better inhisyounger 
ck.Abd:ritm y Car cs, hee trauellcd to *J£'g?pt and r to Athens^ to conferre with learned 
T's]!beTcM meu f adtmretief fome jlefpi fed ofothers m After a wandring life, he fettled at ^bdera a to wne in Thrace^ and was fent for thither to bee their law-maker, 
"it^Ht'mZ' R ccort k r 3 or Towne.cleafkc,as fome wills or as others, he was there bred & 
tmtmfiatim borne.Howeuer it was,thcrehe liucd at laft in a garden in the fuburbs whol- 
tperam dare:, |y betaking himfclfc to his ftudies, and to a priuate life. 1 Swing that feme* 
^™f"fw£jc times he would voalke dovpne to the hnuen^ u and laugh hartrfy at fucb variety of 
eagitatma*&c ridiculous obiedsj&hicb there he y^Jv.Such a one was Democritm* 
1^11™™! ^ llt * n tnc racanc time, how doth this concernc roec,.or vpon what refe* 
thematka, libe- rence doe I vfurpe his habit? I confeffe indecd,that to compare my felfe vn- 
voles di(cipimas, t0 him for ought 1 haue yet faid,werc both impudency and arrogan^y, J do 
ump7rtt^mcal- not P rc ^ urr, c to make any parallcll , antifiat mihimiliihm trecentts^- parvus 
iebst. fum^altum nec jp'tro^nec fj>eroXcx. thus much 1 will fay of my felfe, 

m»&'nemme an< ^ c ^ at ^ope without all fufpition of pride, or felfe-conceic, that I haue 
meiit. Jiu'd a filenr,fedentary, folitary,prina^ in the Vniacrfitie 

« idem comem- this twenty yeares and more 5 penned vp moft part in my ftudy. And though 
C^tT" b y m y peofeffion a Diuinc.yet turbine rapt tu ingenij^ y he faid,out ofa twir 
tsoieht ad par- ning wit,an vnconftant,vnfcttIed rninde,l had a great defirc (not able to at- 

'^i^'&f' ta ^ ne to an ^ ^ u P cr ^ c ^ a ^ s ^'^ m am //J t0 nauc ^ omc fmattcring in all, to be a- 
m'ip. n.nmei. fy** in omnibus stilus in fingulu ,which z Plato commends,and out of him 
*Perp:tuo rifit *Lipfius approues and fanhcvsios fit t<K&e imprinted i® allcuricus wttt^not be 
unfZ'buDe' a fl aue °f * n(! ft tc ™ e > Qr dwell altogether in enefnhteci^ai moft doe, but to rme a.* 
wurittujuvii. £>W,centum pucr artium,^ haue an oare^f ineuery mans hoat % *to ta$e ofe- 
*Vu rum Ah- Uery dt ^ md f'f °f eaer y c^ 5 whichfaith e Montaigne, was wel 1 performed by 
wmptflsrem*. ^'riftotle,znd his learned Country -mm Adrian Tnrnebm. This rouing hu- 
seUam. Mart. mour f though not with like fucceffe/ I haue euer had, and like a ranging 
I IfZ'tet. Spaniell,that Darkcs ^ euery bird he fecs,lcaumg his gamc.l haue followed 
•phu strnM. all/auing that which I fhould 3 and may iuftly complainc.and truly, aui ul> ta 

tBf.9. Dtzma } 1 ' ■« ^ 

npidis& curiofn'mienui 'mpimendum,Ht fit talis qui nuUireifavUt,0utexacleunum<diquidehbmt^ ui artifices &c 

\ 'ft. 

Dtmocntus to the Reader. 

eftjwfqutnt ^,which d Geftter did in modefty^Yizt I haue read many bookes, 3 
but to little purpot'e,for want of good method , I haue confufedly tumbled d ?**f*tMbi'f 
ouer many Authors in our Libraries, with fmall profit, for want of Art t or- tbt€ ' 
der.memoryjiudgemcnt. 1 neuer trauelled but in Mappe or Card,in which 
mine vnconftned thoughts haue freely expaciated, as hauing euerheence* 
/pecially delighted with the ftudy of Cofmography. t Saturne was Lord of my e Ambo forte: 
geniture.eulminating^c. and ^rjprincipall/%»/^^<?r of manners, in J aJ ®^j. 
partileconiun&ion with mine % both fortunate in their houfes, 

cVc.iamnotpoorc, I am notvkh'jnih// eft.rfrb^/ drefi^ I haue little, I want ifx'apnmaht^ 
nothing: all my Treafure is in Minerva s ToWre. Preferment as I could ne- ° , tegk 
iter get,fo am 1 not in debt for it, although my friends prouidencc, care,ala- 
crity,and bounty was neuer wanting to doc rnee goGd,, ycDeithcr through 
mine own default, infelicity, wantorneglcc r t of opportunity, iniquity of 
times,prepofterous proceeding, my hopes were ftiil fruftrate, and J left be- 
hind ,as a Dolphin on {here, confined to my CoUedge, as Democrilus to his 
garden, D/'^tff'rto his tubbe, where I ftill continue, andleadaMonaftiquc 
\\\t>mihi dr mufi$ y fequeftred from thole tumults and troubles of the world, 
£t tanquamirt jpetulapcfitns ( a as he faidjjheare what is done abroad, how 
others b runne, ride.turmoile, and macerate themielues in court & country, Jtet^Uimi 
farre from thofc wrangling Law futes, aHUvunitatem^fori ambiticnemfi- litres, ant 
deremecumfolco:] laugh at all, c onely (ecurejeft wyfute goe amtjfepny fhippes w fo* t3 *jf m j* 
pertfbj haue novotfe nor child- en, goo A or bad to prcuide for, A mere fpcclator t*» t "ommin- 
of other mens fortunes and adventures , IHcarencwneweseuery day ,and nei & c %0f*4tf 
thofe ordinary rumors of warre , plagucsjfii es^nundations^hcfts, murders, f^<i/««r«*» 
maflacrcSimeteorSjComets/peciruiiis^apparitions.-oftownes taken, cities veexedam m* 
befieged in France .Germany J 1 r^rky^Perfia,Poltnd > &c. dayly mutters and pre- ^jj^jj mu ™ 
parations,& fuch like, which thefc tempeftuous times *ftord 3 batteIs fought, ham^Z'mtf^ 
fo many menilam,mo aomachies^fhipwrackeSjPiracies,^ 5cafighi:,Pe^ce, l*f*t*tomie, 
Leagius,Stratagemmcs,&frefh alarums.Avaftconfufie:i ofvowes,wi<hc<, Sf*^*" 
grieuances , are dayly brought to our cares , new bookes euery day, parn- 
phlets,currantocs,ftories,whole Catalogues of bookes of all forts , new oa- 
&c.Now comes tidings ofweddings,maskings,mum:«en'es,cntertainmets, 
Iubilies,Emba{fies, tilts & tournaments,trophies 5 triumphes, reuels/ports, 
playes,then againe treafons^heatingtrickes^obberies, enormous vilbnies 
of all forts, funerals, burials,dcath of Princes; newdifcouericsjexpeditions., 
now Comical!, then Tragicall mattcrs.To day wee heare of new Lords and 
officers created,to morrow of fomc great men depofed, and then againe of 
frefh honors conferred,one is Ietloofc,asother imprifonedjone purchafeth, 
another breaketh,hee thriues,his neighbour turnes banckrupt ; now plenty, 
then againe dearth and faminej one runncs 7 another rides.wrangjesjauehcs 
weepes,&c.Thus J daily heare,& fuch like, both priuate, and publike newes, 
frivus prtvatm.zs I haue ftill liued,and fo now continue, ftatu quo prihs^Mi 
to a fblitary life,and nainc owne domefticke difcontcnts: Sailing that iomc- 
times, ne quit menti/tr^s Diegenes went into the city, and Demtcritut to the 
haucn to fee fafhions , I did for my recreation now and then walke abroad, 
loekc into the world 3 and could notchoofebut make fomc little obferuati- 


Vmomm to the %(eader. 

g on ,» on tarn fdgdx obfcrvdtorjet fimflex recit*tor 9 no t as they d id,t© i coffc or 
f Hor. laugh at all,but with a mixt paflion, 

I ^ { litem (ap},iocum vefiri movers tumult us t \ I die) fonao 

1 secundum time laugh and fcoffc with LutU* % and Satyrically taxc with Mcnipfus^ la- 
frQMbfi ^Frtl mcat withHerdclitus,(omeiinies3gzitic J was S petuUuti jplenc cdckinno, 
0pac^liiibvfi^^^^ : ^,^vrereh/uiecur i J was much rnooued to fee that abufc 
»f<*;"- which I could not amend. In which paflion howfoeuer I may fympathife 
™flMbalp!m- w "h him or them/tis for no fnch refpect J flaroud my fclfc vnder his name, 
dt uturmrans, but cither vnder an vnknownc habitc, to atfume a little more liberty & free* 
ubifediU & do- d 9mQ of fpeccla,or if you will needs know.for that reafon and oaely refpecl;. 
ctnfpmebaiur. which Hippocrates relates at large in his Epiftlc to Damegetus, wherein nee 
k iffe tmftfui dothexprefTcJiowcomraingtovificehiraoncday, he found Democriius in 
"wMwiJm kis garden at AboUrajn the fuburbs, i voder a ftiady bowre, k with a book on 
babe*s, &u- his knees 3 b«fie at his ftudy 3 (bmetimes writing,fomctime walking. The fub- 
tmi <IU }*• j c $. f his boekc was Melancholy and MadncSe, about him lay the carkaffes 
dpifytii- °? many feucrall beafis 3 newly by him cut vp and anatomized , not that lice 
maikumuh- did contcmite Gods crcatures 3 as he told Hippocrates } but to find out the feac 
rSwSwr?'" otthisdtra Lite or Melancholy, whence it proceeded, and how it was en- 
mtbttur. ' gsndred in mens bodies,to the intent tie might better cure it in hirafelfe 3 Sc 
9xtHfihT& i y writings and obferuations, * teach others how to preuent and auoide 
mmlapLft, n: which good intent of his 5 Hippocrdtes highly commended 3 Vewecri- 
& nefemfe tas Iunior is therefore bold to imitate, and becaufshee left itvnperfeci, to 
2gj'22j*£ profecBtea»dfim<hiatbisTteatife. 

nscaUgerep. You hauc had a reafon of the Name, if the title ana Smcription offend 
^ our | rav ^y» wcrc * c a fefficicnt iuftification to accufe others , J could pro* 
fare^hvitat ducc many f°^ ec Treatifes 3 evcn Sermons themfelues , which in their fronts 
qnami*Qfma-: carry more phantafticall names. Howfoeuer it is a kindc of pollicy in thefe 
ZTdi- daiesjto P rc ^ x a phantafticall title to abookc which is to be fold: for as larks 
hiiisrmenefi come downcto a day-ncr 3 many vaine Readers will tarry and ftand gazing 
%*" petulaBS Iilcc palTengers , at an Aaticke picture in a painters Chop, that will not 
■ l°°ke at a iudicious peecc. And indeed^ as 01 Scaliger obferues, more 
ii.miras fequu invites d Redder then an Argument vnlookedfor \pnthought of andfcHsbet* 
fejltltlLT** ^thenafcurrile Pamphlet .Many men f*\ihGeliitu , are_j very conceited i* 
o prafktjtat. their i9fcriptio*s,2ad able fas ° Pliny quotes out of Seneca)tQ make him loi- 
^cVm'vmi- tCr by the w2 y^ At **** '* t0 fad * midwife for hit daughter , now red* 
l7tifii*lcZ'. *y t0 h e dwnc. For my part I haue honourable P prefidcnts for this which I 
fMiimJram in- haue done: I will cite one for?all , Anthony Zara Tap. eftfe. his Anatomy of 
^Zl£yo£ wit > in fourc Seaions 3 Memb ers/ubfcaions 3 Sc' be read in our Libraries. 
Popery. Ana- If any man except againft the matter or manner of treating of this my 
2[ im " Subiea 3 and will demand a reafon ofit , J can alleagc more then one, I write 

Angel** Seal*, 

of Melancholy, by being bufie to avoid Melancholy. There is no greater 

Anatomy of caufe of Melancholy then idlenefle , no better cure then bufinejfe , as *l Rhafis 
Amm T*.tl'. h ® ,ds; ancih °wbeit, flultw tdbtr eftineptiarum, to bee bulled in toyes is to 

*o* eft euro me- fmall purpofe.y ct hearc that divine 5^M,better aliudagcrc quam nihil, bet- 
*XyT W Jd°de tCr d .° C 10 00 Cnfi chen nothin S* 1 writ ^crcfore 3 and bufied my fclfc in this 

novo quid tide- 

playing labour,like chem 3 faith Lueidnjkmrecttcte trees y dnddecUtme to pil* 
recmtkvcteri : lers for Wdnt of Auditors: as Pdulios *y£ginetd confcfTeth of him fclfc not that 
Ww^et **? »" **k*mm $r mitt ed, but to cxenife mj felfe , which courfc if 
viatmii cutfa fom« 

Democritus to the reditf. 

fome tobkc,J thinke it would be good for their bodies , and much better for 5 
their foules,or peradventure as fome doe for fame,to fhew my felfe (Seirc^t f 
tnum whileftjiifite fcire hoc feint alter ) I might bee of Thucididet opinion, l e f]^ff e}im 
f to knowe a thing and not exprejfe ttjs all one 44 if heknewe it not. When J tnexprmupcr- 
firft teoke this taskc in hand,this I ayrncd at$ tyelvt leniremanimum fcribe- 
do to eafenoy mindc by writmg,for i had l gravidum corfatum caput, a kindc nothtm »fu 
©fimpofhime in my head 3 which 1 was very defiroustobec vnladcnof, and doiowndcime 
could irnagineno fitter euacuation then this. Befides J could not well re- ^'jf^J; it 
hiinzfotvbi dolor ibi digit ut, one mil ft needs fcrat where it itcheth. I was *m iohn ' 
not a little offended with this malady. fhall I fay my Mvftris Melancholy , my ^" sour p ^ 
^£geria 1 o\v^maltisGeniu4 i and for that caufe, as hee chat is flung with a ^.Hopper \m 
Scorpion,! would expell clavum clavo y u comfort one forrow with another, Guthridgedrs 
idleticflc with idlenede: or as he did . of whom x Fdix Plater fpeakes , that f ' 
though he had fome of ^Artflophanes frogs in his belly 3 ftill crying Brecc ckex ta ,tm 
coax coax \pop, oop ^c^and for that caiife (tndicd Pbyfkkc feauen ycares,& tra- p#twyidieie- 
velled oner molt part of Europe to cafe himfelfe : to doe my felfe good i tiir- qul^rmk 
ned ouer fuch Phyfitians our Libraries would afford ; or my * private friends ego mttiikto 
imparc,and hauc taken this paines. And why not? Cardan prbfefleth he writ 
his bookes de Conjohtionenktx his fonnes death/o comfort himfelfe, fo did imdffit flutit * 
Tulty write of the fame fubie& vvith the fame intent , after his daughters de- P*- . 
partus if it bee his at It aft,or fome impoftors put out in his name , which l^dm'.i'pf 1 
Lipfiwi probably iiifpedts. Concerning my felfe, I can peraduentnre afErme ekph*miafe»fa 
that which Mariw did i n Saiuftj y that which others he are of & read of, J felt v ^ A ^^ ailtt " 
andpracJifedmy felfcjhcyget their knowledge by bookes , Imine by melancho- ^jlt'iixit^ 
////#£,Experto crede RouERTo.Something 1 can fpeake out of experience^ b lliada 
with her in the Poet , x Haud ignar.t malt miferis fuccurrere difco. ] would j^ffi^ . 
helpe others out of a fellow feeling , andasthatvertuous Lady did of old, mjfumquid i 
* betng a leader her. felfe \beflow all her portion to build an Hejjr/tall for leapers , I l' n f stt 
willfpend my time and knowledge > which are my grcateftforcunes 3 for the *Mag* iwpiunt 

Common good of all. mortuorum lu- 

Yea but you will inferre, that this is b actum Agere vnrtecefTary workc, SjJJ^ 1 
sr&mben bu coil am apponere 5 thefame againe and againe in other words: To- ^hcicf.vit. 
what purpoTe? \ Toothing is omitted that may well be faid, fo thought Lutian ' Llbm 
in the like Thcame. How many excellent Phyfitians bane written iufl Vo- fSw?v*^ 
lumes and elaborate Tracts of this fubiec"t? No ncweshere,all that which I ' o> rjig 
haue,isftolnc from others, c Vtcit^mihimea pagina fur es. If thatfeuerc 
doomc ot * Syriefws be true. It is a greater offence to fieale dead mens labours, RcvcrendL. 
then their cloathesjwhat fhall become of moil writers ? I hold vp my. hand at B ^°P°> 
the barre amongft the reft,an^ am guilty of fcllony in this kindc , habes ctnfi. Yno^fa- 
tent em rcnm\ am content to be prefTed with the refUTis mod uwzfenet in- melici g!ori<ead 
fanabilemxltos Scribendi caeo'ethes 3 and d there is ne end of 'writing of bcokes, flfo^u"*-; 
as the wife man found of old,iii this e fcriblingage,cfpecial!y wherein f the di^congerunf. 
number of books is without number \&s a worthy man faith 3 Preffes be oppreffed, Bitch/mim* 
and out ofan itching humour, that every man hath to fhewhimiclfe , Sdefi- afmiMfa*- 
rous offame and honour,he will write no matter what, and fcrape together mm&tju^m 
it bootes not whence. h Bewitched with this defire offame s etiam medijs in • 
fnorbis to the difparagemcnt of their health s and fcarcc able to hold a penne, ex^imth- 
thcy mttft fay fomcthiog, * and vet themfelttes a name Jaith Scd&cr , though it v^ um 

Vemocritta to the Reader. 

6 ben the downefall and rttineef many others. To be counted wtiter$,fcriptore$ 
k OtmafiLifx- vtfalutenturj.0 be thought and held Polumathes and Polihiftrsj.0 get a pa- 
&qulmwL per kingdome: they will ru(h into all latmng/ogatam^armatam, divine, hu- 
in orbem fargi mane authors/akc ouer all Indues & pamphlets for nctes,as our merchants 
imtenhmvt ^oeftranee hauens for traffiquc 5 write great TomesXa** nonftnt reverada* 
rci habeas Btores fedUqnactores, wbe as they are not thereby better icnolIers,but grea* 
A*!*™. ?t<f. t cr praters. They commonly pretend publikc good,but as k Gefner obferucs 
^p'aum, ' tis P r '^ e an ^ vanity that egges theta on,no newes or ought worthy ol note 
m E.vcmomii but the fame in other tearroes. As i^pothecaries wee make new mixtures e« 
f »Nm um ro- verv ^ a y » P ovvrc ol,t °f onc vc ^ c ^ mto another, and skim of the creamc 
fert* kibiieibe- ofether mens wits,pickc out the choice flowers out of their tild gardens to 
ixyimcioAcx. fet out our ownefterill plots. A fault that every writer findes, as J doenow 
cbmTtm'ct nn ^ }' ct faulty themfelues, 1 trium liter arum homines^W theeucs pilfer out of 
tm 'im^K. old writers to ftuffe vp their new coraments,fcrape Ennim dunghills, out 
tapn re-nl' °^ m V emocr ? tw P' lt » as J nauc done. By which meanes it comes to pafle, 
Trancix n that not only Libr dries and fhops are full of our puted papers ? hut every defeat 
bwifmbevXi y^/^W/^jj they feruc to put vnder pics to,°lappefpicein , andkeepe 
fmel k fatvAui roftmeat from burning. With vs in Francefyhh P Scaliger , every man hath 
s oi'm'liierteob liberty to write. J? ut few ability, 1 heretefore^j learning w^u graced by iudiuom . 
^Tmncfodent f ea0 ^ rs fi uf mw no ^ e Jcmmcs are vilified by bafe and illiterate fcrtblers^ that 
cb homines. cither write for vaine glory 3 or need,or to get money, or as parafites to flat- 
t A*f p*s* . tcr and collogue with fome great man,put out f hurras fluifquiliafj p inept j- 
vJuminavix* a f%> am ongfi \f§ many thoufand authors joufbatlj 'carce finde one by reading of 
vnm i cuius U- whom youftallbe any whit better i but rather much worfe , qui bus txficitur po« 
fo'llZ 7m ttm yV mm p^ r f cttttr y by which hce is rather infccted 3 then any way perfected, 
mpat'm nm r Cardan findes fault with Frenchmen and Germanes for this fcribling to n© 
peinr. purpofe, mn inquit ah edendo dcterreo } modo novum aliquid inveniant , hee 

« st'rl'opcrtc't ^oth not ^ ar l ^ cm t0 vv " tc /° that it be fome new invention of their ownc$ 
ejfe i ngeaUtm but wc vveaue the fame webbe ftrl,and twift the fame rope againe & againe, 
fcrtuviemum or ^ c a ncw i ni,cn ti° n i'" s Dl,t ^ omc bable or lo f, and who fo cannot in. 
prmiutj &c. ven t? t He mufl haue a barren wit, that in his fcribling age can forger nothing. 
u cardan frxf. u p r } nee s fhew their armies jricb men vaunt their buildings fouldiers their mx~ 
tH«$r.x . hoodjtnd (chellers vent their toyes y they rauft read , they muft heare whether 
SaM- they will or no« \Et quodcun^femelchartk illeverit pmncs 

M^iH'^ Gefiiet *f ur * rede ^ s f^e Unfa Etpueros & anut.~ 

rum proventnm * What once is faid andwrit,all men muft knewe^ 

mnntubk *ttu- old wiucs and children,as they comcSi goe, what 

mu'fferlSa tympany of ~Po ets hath thk year -e brought tut , asPliny complames to Sbffius 
quotioH aliqttii SmzCws ^ ft t his i^dpritl ettery dayfomeor other hauc^t recited. What'aCata" 
Tide*.' logweof new bookes all this yeare , all this age (Jfay; haue our Francfurt 
* Pnaripf* Mart^domefticke brought out^ Twice a yeare ? t Proferunt fe nova in<reni<g 
teifawiitm ^ °fi enUnt ^ rt Wretch our wits out and fet them to fale. So that.which Gef 
Menm, vur- ner fo m ^ defircs > if " a Speedy reformation bee not had by forac Princes ci 
guentur eittho' diets and ^raue fupervifors/o reftraine this liberty , it will runne on in in ft 

*£%2h nitnm * ™° ^ rcad thcm?as alrcady^cftiallhauc a vaft Chaos & y GO C 
toUantur. &te- fufion ofbookes. We are | opprelTed with them , our eyes ake withrea- 


SibUb coerceatur titer in infinitu fregrejfura. J OmrabunturmgmianemeUititdiiftfficit. i Libris ebmmur mmR 
toanittvaitwdodtlmjmSitade Mmo. 



'Democritus to the dreader. 

dingjour fingers with turning. For my part ] am one of the number, uos #»• 7 
mcrut fumm. J doc not deny it,} hauc only this of Macrebiu* to fay for nay 
ielfc,O/00<? meum nihil mcum y i\s all mine and none mine. As a good huf- 
wife out of many fleeces makes one peecc of cloath, a Bee gathers waxc and 
hony out ofmanyf1owers,and makes a new bundle of all, 

* Flonferu vt apes in fdtibm omnia lib Ant , J haue laborioufly ^ 
• collected this Cento out of many Authors,& that fweiniuria,\ haue wron* y^bmMum 
ged no Authors 5 but what Varro re r/^.fpeakes of Bees, minim} ma fait r,?c><m,& 
iefictnuUius opusvefocantesfaciuvi deterius } J can fay of my felfe, wfrom l J C6 ^Z c n J^^ 
hauc I inmred? the matter is theirs moft part J make them pay fct mm adfidem 
out this my Mactrcnicon fhc method only is mine owne : I muft vfurpe that & / u - h ^" atm 
of Wecker e T event io fiihd ditlam quodnon diclumpr/us \methodus fola urti* tcr 4 1 omet 
ficem ojlenditfivz can fay nothirgbut what hath beenc faid , the compofiti* authres mm i 
on and m ethod is ours on!y,and fhewes a fcholler. Or ib<ifiw 3 v£tins, i^jvt d ^^/^ 
hauc all our of Galen , but to their ownc method , diner fo jlylo non di» mburh/jisad 
verfa fide s our Poets ftealc from Homeric fpewes,faith ts£lian t rhcy lick it l^ff^* 
vp.Divinesvfe^«y?/«5 wordes verbatim ftill, and our ftory drcflcrsdocas syntak/med. 

much,he that comes laft is commonly beftj donee qivdgrandius mtas \ JnUc.\o. # 

Pvjtera/orfafirat meittr, though there were many Gi- 

ants of old in Phyjjcke & PhiIofophy,yet J fay with { Diduus Stella y a drvarfe 
Jlandwgontbefhouldersof 'a Giant jnay fee farther then a Giant himfelf^X ^fi™",'^ 
may likely adde,aUcr,ar\d fee more then my prcdecefTors; c and it is no more c ^wW* 
preiudice forme to write after others,then for tAZlianus Mont alt us that fa- mmtexmidek 
jnous Phifician ,to write de morbu capitis after IafonPrAtenfts^HeurnmsMil- * e j!£ J*^* 
deJhem^drc.mAny horfes to runne in a raec^one Logician,©oe Rhetorician, tannic %o\Ut 
af:er another.Oppofe then what thou wilt,l folue it thus. And for thofe o- 
t er faults of barbarifme c £*™^ dialed , extern poranean ftile , Tautolo- ^mvtaplt*' 
gies,apifh imitation , a rapfodicofragges gathered together from fcverall LipfmadutrfM 
dunghi!ls,and confufedly tumbled out: without art , inuemion, iudgemenr, t^f^r^ 
wit,Iearning 5 harfh,3bfurd,iBfoIent,indifcrcet ? illcompofed 3 vaine, fcurrilc, date milk fi* 
idlcjdull^nd dry; J confelTc all,thou canft not think worfe of me then I doe q^tnr. 
of my felfe. All I fay is this,that I haue d prefidents for it,which Jfosrates cals m *™ es d ^* m 
perfugtum ys qui pe 'cc ant, others as abfurd,vaine.,idle, illiterate, &c. T^ennuHi bit fore finltar x , 
aty ida w freer unt 3 othcxshai\c done as much,it may bee, more, and perhnpps tMartiai.ii*- 
thou thy fe\fe,N0uimus& quite^drc. wee hauc all our faults ftimus & hanc 
i>em*m,drc. c thou ccnfiireft me,fo hauc I done others i and may doe f thee 3 
Cedimus tne^ vicem .^c.'tis lex talionts, quid pro quo. Got now cenfure , cri- 
tic ize, fcoffc and paile. 5 ?(*f utu$ fis vf % itcet fis denify nafus . 

T^on potes in nugas dicer e flura rneas^ 
If(e ego quam dixi^c, 

Wer'ft thou all feoff es and flotits,a very Mcmus 9 

Then we our fclues,thou canft not fay worfe of vs, 
Thus as when women fcold hauc I cryed whore firft, and in fomc mens 
cenfurcsjl am afraid I hauc ouerfhot my felfe, Laudarefe vani , vitftpersrc^>, 
fulfils I doe not arrogatej Will not derogate. Primus vefirum mn fnm nec 
tmusj. am not non^ of the beft,I am none of the mcancft of you. Be it there- 
fore as it is .well or ill, I haue aflaid, put my felfe vpon the ftagc, I muft abide 
the ccnfure^I may not efcape it. It is moft uucfylus virum Argnit, our ftile 

b z 

Vemocritus to tht ( %eader. 

8 r bewrayes vs,and as j hunters findc their game by the trace , fo is a mans Ge* 
\ Vt venstores n i u s defcried by his workes. I hauc laid my fclfc openfl know it) in this 1 rc- 
S^T^S atife^ftiall be cenfured,I doubt not, yet this is fomc comfort, vt palats fic 
fmrtiuncuU. iudtciaput cenfures are as varioufas our palats. 
*'>M * Tres mihi convivia prope diffenttre videntur 

Pofcentes vat to mult urn diuerfa palato,ejrc. 
Our writings are as fo many difhes^ur Readers gucfts; our books like bcau- 
ty.that which one admires another reie&s; fo are we approucd as mens fan* 
cies are inclined, Pro captu lecioris hdentfua fata libelli^ 
1 hat which is m oft pleafing to one is amaracum fm^ moil harfh to another. 
Quot homines tot fententia-fio many men fo many mindes : that which thou 
condemneft he commends , , »' 

I Hof ^ f Quod pet i6 id fane ef inuif urn acidurn^ duobus. 

He refpe&s matter,thou art wholly lor words,hee loues a loofc & free ftile, 
thou art all for neat compofition^rong lines, that which one admires,ano- 
ther explodes as moft abfurd and ridiculous. If it be not 'point blanke to his 

• Mitrttiti. humor,hismethod 3 hisconceipt, a Si qmdforfan omijfum^quod u animocon* 

ceperit^ftqttaktclio ejrc if ought be omitted or added, which he likes ordif- 
likes,thou art mancipinm pauc* lec~fionis,in idior,an afTe, nullus es } or clsp/a- 
^/4r/^ ? atrifler ? atriuant,thon art an idle fellow; or els 'tis a thing of mcere 

* lipfm, induftry, a colledtio without wit or invention^ \zxy\oy Faciluficputant 

omnes qua tarn facla^nec defalebrU cogitant y ubi via flratafo men are valued;, 
their labors vilified by fellowes ofno worth themfelues,as things of nought^ 
who could not hauc done as m uch? unuf qui/% abundat fen fit fuo, ewery man 
abounds in his owncfenfe, and whilcft each particular party is fo affected, 
how (hould one pleafe all? 
c H(fr c Quid dem,quid non dent ? renuis tu quod iubet ille? 

how fhall 1 hope to cxprefTe my fclfc to each mans humor and d conceipt, 
or to giuc fatisfa&ion to all ? Some vndcrftand too little, fomc too much, 
ie^utqTod"' f° me arc t0 ° partiall^as friends to oucrweenc.others come with a prejudice 
quifacogitatji- to carpe,vilify,detracl: and fcoffe; fome as Bees for hony , fomc as Spiders 
retuT^' to 8 atncr P°yf° n ' What (hall J doe in this cafe? Asa Dutch Koftc,ifyou 
< Erafmitidid. come to an Jnnc in Germany ^nd, diQike your farc,dier 5 lodging,&c.' replyes 
*EpiH B.6. in a furly tone, 8 aliudtibi quxras diver -for iuwji you like not this,oct you to 
l7wfiTmt another Jnnc; I refoluc.if you like not my writing, goe read fomethiug cls.I 
mrgftytiijlmt- doe not much eftecmethy cenfurCjtakethycourfc^ 'tis not as thou wilt,nor 
ttrufmn, oc- as [ vvill,but when we haue both done,that of f Plintti* Secundm to Traian 
datorqueconm- VV1 U proue true, Euery mans witty labour takes not, except the matter, fubieel, 
gat. occafion^ndfome commending Fauorite happen to it.)i I be taxcd,explodcd by 

iaSa!*** thcc and f° tliC *i ,c W ^ a11 happilyibc approucd and commended by others. 
* Lib. io. rift- It was Democritus his fortune, Idemadmiratiom &irrifi9nihabttm. 'Twas 
rmum ftuiq, Seneca's fate,that Superintendent ofwit,learnin2, iudgemenr, S adftuperem 
aocttis^nt belt oi uree be ana Lat we writers, in Plutarcbs opinion , that re* 
fiwBnummate. novpned corrector of vice^j^s h Fabius icrmcs him , and patnefu]lomnifchu$ 
M J pb e rjhati»rttfoe X ^^ , could not :pleafc all 

mult* ndmiu^ parties,or cfcape cenfure: how is he vilified by » Caligula^Agedius^ Fabitu & 

he fame 
jtoo ne- 

tucmAma L ¥ Us ^^ k ^ schkk faith the fame 

fcuukt. F^^.manychildilh traces and fen tences he hath, [crmoiMoratm toone- 

VemocritHs tQ the Reader. 

glfgent often,and remifle,as AgeHtus obfauesyoratta vulgaris & pritrita* di» 9 
caces & tnepta Jententid^erudttto plebiapn homely (hallow writer, In parti' 
bus Jfiinas &fafltdia babetfahh k Lip/ius^nd as in all his other workes, To e- k j nm ^ c% ^ 
fpecially in his Epiftles,^//uj inargutijs & iueptijs occupanturjntricatus ati- sen., 
eubt^ejr par urn compofittts^jwecopia rerum hoc feci tjcis jumbles vp many things 
togethkr immethodically , after the Stoicks fafhion, par urn ordwavtt, mutf*. 
accumuUvity&cXi Seneca be thus lafhed 5 and many famous men that I could 
name.what fhall 1 expect? how fhall I hope to pieafe ? no man jo abfolutcj 
lErafmusholds/ofatifJiea/jy except antiquity ^prefer iption ejre/fet a barren. , 
But as J haueproued in Seneca^ this will not alwayes take place. how fhall J vix diauUiam 
evade? 'tis the common doone of all Writers J muft (^J fay) abide it, J feek 
notapplaufe; nonfumadeo informU, J wouldnot be vilified : 1 feare good '{-"JfJ™^. 
mens cenfutes,and to their fauourable acceptance J fubmit my labours^ iaga temper* 
— m & lingua Mancifiorum Contemno^- mUmdifandi 
as the barking ofadog^I fecurely contemne thofe malicious and fcurrileob- Berwe,reiUg^ 
Inqiiies^ovvtes^calumnieSjOfrailers and detractors, I fcornethercft.What «*• qu-dam a- 
therefore I h au e laid pro tenuitate mea y I haue faid. *™?uvc7sat'j 

One or two things yet I would haue amended if I could," '"'concerning the 
manner of handling this my fubiecVj-for which I mult Apologize, dcprecari i 
and giue the f: iendly Reader notice. I c was not mine latent to proftitute my 
MuteinEngt/fh, or todivulgc/ttrtf* Minerva* , but tohaue expofedth's 
more contract in Latm^mi 1 could not get it printed, Any Icurrile pamphlet 
is welcome to our mercenary Printers in Eng/tfhi but in Latin they will not n .. . 
dealejwhichis one of the reafons which ^Nicholas Car in his Oration of the aut^quJ^d 
paucity oi'Engl/fh 'Writers, giucs; that fo many flourishing wittes are lino- tngUqiMmlite- 
thercd in obliuion,lye dead and buried in this our Nation. Another maine ^tdrig^ 
fault isjthat I haue not reuifed the Copie,and amended the fhle, which now Land, excuf, 
flowes remiffciy,as it was firft concerned, but my leifure would not permit^ l ^ 6 * 
feci nec qwdpotuijicc quoAvoltii. I confelTe it is neither as Iwould 5 or as it 
(hould bc« Cum re/ego fcr/pfifje pudet, quia pltirima cerm pat. 

Me qtietfc qu& fuerant iudice dtgna lint, Mle^i.e, 

Whenlperufe this Tract which I haue writ, 

I am abafh't,and much I hold vnh't. 
I (hould indeed f had I wifely done) obferued that Precept of the Poet, 

. nonumfy prematur in annum^ and haue taken more 

care: Or as Alexander the P hyfitjan would haue done by Lapis Lazuli , fifty 
tim&s wafhed before it be vfed, I Should hauerevifed, corrected, and amen- 
ded this Tra&i but 1 had not fas I [ay J that happy leifure,no Amanuenfes af- 
firmants, and was therefore enforced, as a Beare doth her whelpes, to bring 
forth this confufed lumpe,and had not time to lick it into formers fhedoth 
heryongones,buteuenfotopublifliir, as it was firft written, quicquidin 
buccam venitjn an extcmporean ftile, as P I doe commonly all other exerci- l* g ta ™*f ei * 
{cs t efudi quicquiddiciavit Genius weus^u t of a confufed company of notes, made Vcrfcs. 
and writ with as fmall deliberation as I doe ordinarily fpeakejWithout all af- q NoH endm * 
fc£ation of big words/uftian phrafes, jingling termes.ftrong lines, ftraines ^ZZf^p"' 
ofwirjelOgies^exornationSjcVc.whichraanyfomuchaffccl:. lam ^aquxpo* eta. 
tor,z loofe,plaiBe^rudc writer , ficum voce ficum, & ligonem ligonem, and as )^ ty ^ hicnul ' 
frce,as \oo[c,idem calmo quod in me*t<^> } r I call a fpadc a fpadc 9 ani/nis k<tc rifiam, ^ 

b 3 [cribo 7 

Vemocritus to the %eader. 

lo fcrib& % n»n auribusj rcfpeft raattcr,not words; rcmembring that of Cardan, 
verba propter res, non res propter verb*: and fccking with Seneca, quid fcru 
l^fet'vttbi ^ am n ° n 1 uem *'* moi l* m >™d\zt what^then how to writc.For as iphile thinks, 
negUgu.&qui bee f ^ Mt * converfant about matter ^eglefts veordes, and thofe thxt excellin this 
tiUetartm di drt of fpeahng.hdue no profound learning, Bcfidcs, it was the obfcruation of 
d^phmm^ tnac w ^ c St, ** c *3 c when you fee a fellow car efuU about his wordes, and neat in hu 
bet reco»>titam. fpeechJ:norv this for a certainty, that mans mind^j is bufed about toye sphere's 
tCHinfcunqne n9 (olidtty in himJStcntft ornameutuvirile concinnitai, as he hid o( a nii?h« 

plmm & foin- t,n galc -~voxes frd-tereambil^&e. I am therefore in this point apro- 

atstiijcitoim- fefled difciple of u s_s4polloniu* t % fchollcr of Socrates, I neglect pbrafes, and 
Tc^Sfil" labbur whoII y t( > infotmc my Readers vndcrftanding , not to pleafe his eare; 
feriptismifvii- 'cis not my ftudy ot intent tocompofe neatly n which an Orator requires,buc 
a*,e$Ui4.i. to exprefle my felfc readily and plainely,as it happens.So that as a riuer runs 
u Thiiojlram fornetimes precipitate and fwift,then dull and flow; now dirccl } then per am* 
iib.*.vit.ApeB. bages-, now deepCjthen (hallow; now muddy 5 thcn cleare $ now broad, then 
S^'X narr °w; doth my ftile flow: now ferious , then light 3 now Comicall, then 
tent,&ptn tui Satyricall; now more elaboratc,thcn rcmific,as the prcfent fubicdt required, 
w^fS ? r as 3C th3t timC 1 Was affeacd - And if thou vouebfafe to read this Ticatife' 

quod iinytam 

icfhalifcemenootherwifetothee , then the way to an ordinary trauailcr, 
t/mtaxat, nm fom crimes faire,fometimes foule; here champion,thcre inclofed ; barren in 
nMermlZi- onc P Iacc >ctter foile in another; by woods,gt ouc$ 1 hillcs s dale$ 3 piainc$,&c. 
mm. I Hnall lead tbec per ardtii rnontium^r iubrrca va{Jium,ejr rofcida cefj>itum y ejr 

gleboft camponm 3 thtough variety of ©bie&s, that which thou (halt like and 


For the matter it felfc or metrjod,if it be faulty, confider I prav you that 
of Columella > nihil pcrfeclum, nut a fingulari confummatum induftr/a,no man 
Can obferue all,much is defc&iue no doubt,and may be iuftly taxed, altered, 
b ?tt. Ntmiti and auoided in Galcn^riptlejhofc great matters. Bcni venatoris ( *> one 
ft»i M h«, holdes ; pluresferas caper e, non omnes h hee is a good Huntfman can catch 
fome,notall; I haue done mmeendcauour.Befidcs, I dwell not in this ftudy 
N *n hie fulcos ducimm t mn hoc pulvere de(udamus^ I am bu t a fm a t terer , I 

* Von h\ e eeb. confcfl[>c » a ftrangcr^here and there 1 pull a flowrc,f doe eafily grant, if a ri^id 
9* dmiaUum cenfurer (hould criticize on this which I haue writ,he fhould not findc three 

f j k " SuU ^ in Teremte > blU as ma °y as hc hath ^ ^ Car. 
bine inde fire " ans iubtilti€s,as many notable errors as d Gul. Laurembergius, a late Ptofef- 

for of ^>^^difcouers in that Anatomy of Laurent im, or Baroctet the Fe 

* ZZT' "'""J" S"ro-bo[cu*. And although this bee a fecond Edition, in which I 
mine muMet inould haue bin more accurate.correaed al thofe former cfcapes vet it w- 
Td^flZX m * ni . Uberk and tedious,that as Carpenters doe hid out of 
&e. experience, »tis much better build anew, then pull downe an old faoufc • T 

could as foonewriteas much mr>rc,as alter that which is written If oueht 
therefore be amiflc ( as I grant there is) I require a friendly admonition t o 

• other wile as m ordinary Controvcrfies,/^^ contentions neclamm fed cut 
W wee may contended likely mifufeeach other, but to whatpur P ofc> 

Wearebothfcholiersfay, Arcades ambo, * F 

Et cant are par es y & rejjtonderc par at i. 
If WW doe wranglc,vrhat (hall wee get by it? trouble and wrong our felues, 


jDemocritus to tlx Reader. 

make fport of others.Jf I be convi& of an error,! will yceld,l will amend, In II 
the raeane time J require ra fauourable cenfure of all faults om itted , harfh 
compofitioBs-Tautologicall repititions, perturbations of Tenfes, numbers, 
Printers faults,&c.My tranflations are fomctimes rather Paraphrafes,& that 
onely takcn 5 which was to my purpofe : quotatioas are often inferred in the 
Text, which make the Style more harfh, or in them argent as it happened. 
Greeke amhors^lAto^Plutarck^tbenata^c. jj haue cited our of their Inter- 
pretors,bccaufe the Originall was not fo ready. I haue mingled [acta prof ha- 
#js Jam I hope not prophaned, and in repetition of Authors names, ranked 
them/w4£c/^*/ 3 notaccordingto Chronology, fometimes Neoterickes 
before Ancients,as my memory fuggefted. Some things are heere altered, 
expunged in this Edition,others amended; much added, & 'tis no preiudice, 
no fuch indecorum, or ouerfight. 

•j- Nunquam it a qmcquam bene fubdutla rat tone ad v/tamfa/t, t rerjitle! P^ 
Qutn res^tas^vfm'femper Aliqatdaf portent noyz± 
Ait quid ru one xt jit tth qtM (cire tecred ts, nefcias t 
£t qtt£ tibi futhris prima t in exerccudo ut repudial* 

Ne'er was ought yetatfirftcontriu'dfo fit, 

But vfejage,or fomething would alter it $ 

Aduife thee better, and vpon pernfe. 

Make thee not (hy.and what thou tak'ft } refnfc. 
The laft and gveateft exception is , that I being a Diuine, haue meddled ( 
With Phyfickc, « txntumne eft aL re taa otij tilt, /f""*'**' ^ 

Alien a ut cures > eag ? nihil qtt£jd te Att'ment. 
which Menedemtu told C/Wwr.r,hauc 1 fo much leafure,or little buHnefTe of 
mine owne,as to looke after other mens matters which fccncerne mec not? 
Hearame fpeake. There bee many other {ubicds,l doc eafily grant,both in 
humanity and diuinity, fit to be treated ofj andofwhichhad J written*^*. 
fientAtUnem only , to fhevv my fclfc,I fhould haue rather chofen, & in which 
I haue bin more coo verfant,I could haue more willingly luxuriated 3 and bet- 
ter fatisfied my felfe and others 5 but that at this time I was fatally driuen v- 
pon this rsckc of Melancholy .and carried away by this by'ftreame 3 which as 
a rillet, is deducted from the maincchannell of my ftudies, in which I haue 
pleafcd and bufied my felfe at idle hourcs , as a fubicet mod neceflaryand 
commodious. Not that I preferrc it before Diuinity, which I doe acknow- 
ledge to bee theQuceneof Profcflions, and to which all the reft are but as 
handraaides.but that in Diuinity ] faw no fuch great necd.For had I written 
pofiriucly, there be fowanybookes in that kinde, fo many Commentators., 
TreatifeSjPamphlets ^ExpofitionsjSermons.that whole teemcs of Oxen can , 
not draw them; and had 1 beene as forward and ambitious as fomc others, I 
might haue happily printeda Sermon ztPaules Croffe^ Sermon in S c dia- 
ries Oxen, a Sermon in Chriflchurch, or a Sermon before the right Honora- 
ble.right Rcuercnd , a Sermon before the right YVorfoipfulI, a Sermon in 
Latin, inEng'ifh, a Sermon with a namc,aSermoa without, a Sermon, a 
Sermou,&c. But I haue eucr beene as jdefirous to fuppreffe my labours in 
this kind,as others haue beene to prcfle and publifh theirs. To haue written kErmdhatu 
in controuerfie,had beene to cut off an Hydra's head, k /// litem generations qu<uUm jit q&* 
begets another ,fo many duplicationsjtriplicatioasj and fwarroes of qucfti*^"^* 

Vemocritus to the (Reader. 

IX ons, In f aero hello hoc quod fill/ matrons agttur , that hauingoaccbegunne, I 
IHerfm. (hould ncucr make an end , and that with fuch eagcrnefle and bittcrnefTe in 
k £"' llb ' Aich qucftions they proceed 3 that as 1 he faid ,furor -ne cxcus, an rapit vis acri* 
m 'tft, er t an culpa /ejponf urn date} Blind fury or errour,orrafhncfTe, or what it is 
f&ZfifF' tnac c gg cs them,! know notj ana Cure many timcs s which m ^uflin percei* 
Mut«^*l& ucdlongfince,/^^/^ contentions ferenitat char it at u obnub/latur, with 
mw\cimt& e- this tcaipeft ofcontention,thc ferenity of charity isouerclouded, & there 
fi"$wjicm' Dc to ° man y Spirits coniurcd vp already in this kindjn all fciences^j & mere 
popfim pew- then we can tell how to lay.and doc fo furioully rage and keep fuch a racker 3 
atmnfM re, t ] iat as n f A bitfs faid/'/ 1 had beene much better for {owe of them to haue bin borne 
litls^mmJ dxmbe ,and altogether illiterate jhen (of&rre to dote to their oxen de(lru5ii$n m 
qutfimibm a c '1 is a genetall fault,as Sevetinm the £>4#<rcompIaines. ° Fnhappy men^as we 
%Tnimkc\ arepefpendsurdayesin vnprofitable queftions and dictations, Intricate ft»b- 
vm . na'.ur* UiwtsdeUna caprina,ibout moonrhine ith* wntcv^leauing in the meane time 
fiint w tbepuh t ^ofe chiefejl treafnres of TSljiture untouched, wherein the be ft medicines for all 
g/avifcmx mor- tnxnner of difea fes are to be found, and doe not only negleci them our fellies , but 
oorum median* hinder \condtmne \forbtd and fcojfe at others , that are willing to enquire after 
mterimmlttK f htm,1hcfc motiues at this prefent 3 haue induced me to make choice of this 
reimjuitxM. medicinall fubiecl. 

relm^m^ed ^ ^ ^ tyfitian * n tnC meanc * ,mc fl™ 11 ^ »fi**«i AV futOT uliYA CY€pidZ y 

& M Jm*Me- anc * himfelfe grieucd that I haue intruded into his ProfeiTion, I will tell 
mumpcimiiy him inbriefejdoc not otherwife by them 3 then they docby vs, Ifit beefor 
undmamui, t j ic j r ac j vanta g c t know many of them.which haue taken Orders, in hope of 
puis. a Benefice, tis a common transition , and why may not a Melancholy Dj- 

* £>»9dm pra- uinc,thatcan get nothing but by Simony,profejIe Phyfiekc?. Drufianm an I- 
tumme^i' tA ^ an (Crufiants)iut corruptly^Trithemms calls him) P becaufe heew.isnet 
tHedidmm reli . fortunate in his praftife.forfooke kisprofefiion, and writ afterwards in Diuini* 

VuiTn+MMin ^^^'^ ^ /- *^ wa */* w ^ Phyfitian at once, and 

TbeatJga foft ^T.Lmacer in his old age tookc Orders. The Jefuites profefle both at this 
mdum impftt. time,many of thcm^rw/^//« / prmr«w,Chirurgions1 > Panders ) Bawdes 3 and 
^hea. BlbU °' Midwiucs,&c.Manypoore Country Vicars, for want of other meanes, are 
$ ?dav'm. driucn to their (hifts,ro turnc Mountcbankes^uackfalticrs, Empiricks.and 
if our greedy Patrons hold vs to fuch hard conditions, as commonly they 
doejthey will make many of vs worke at fome trade, as Paul did,at laft turne 
Taskers,MaUters 3 Coftermongcrs > Gra(icrs, fell Ale as fome doe, orwoi fe. 
Howfoeucr in vndertaking this taske,I hope I (hall commit no great crrour 
or indecorumtf al be eonfidcred aright,! can vindieat my felfe with Georgim 
*W JrtBim BraunittsfiL Hieronymm Hemingimfhok two learned Diuines whofto bor- 
^ohhlzSr X0W a ^ ae or tWO °^ m ^ nc * e ^ cr Brother) drawne by a naturallloue, the one 
' S >f LcccT- °f p ttt» r c s andMappes,?ro(pecliues ejr Chorographicali delights \ xont that am- 

tion ot 

ftcr{hire,priu- pie Theater of Cities^ the other to the fludy of GeneaUgies penned The at rum Gc* 
ifjohYrhTe » eal(f g i "*>»- 0t I can excufe ray fclfe with r Lefiustht Jefuite tn like cafc/tis a 
iizi. difeafe of the Soulej on which I am to treat, and as much appertaining to a 
'in HygUHicon, to a Phyfitian ; and who knowes not what an agreement there is 
TrS^aiiem betwixt thefc two Profeffions? A good Diuine either is 5 or ought to bee a 
yderi debn d good Phyfitian,a fpirituall Phyfitian at leaft,as our Sauiour calls himfelfe & 
ffidllZh was iu^ced Mat. 4,2 Luke Luke 7 .&8. They differ but in'obic&.the 
mm*. one of the Body,thc other of the Soule, and vfc diners medicines aU so cure: 


Vemocritm to the Reader. 

onccuresanimam per corf us ,the other corf us per animam, as four Regius 1$ 
Profeffor of Phyficke well informed vs in a learned Lecture of his. O ie the< J^J^J? * 
vices and palfioos of the SoiilcjAnger^LuftjDefperation, Pride, Prcfumpti- lti%tt ' 
on,cVc,by applying that fpirituall Phyfickj as the other vfc proper remedies 
in bodily dif eales.Now this being a com men infirmity of Body and Soule, 
and fuch a one as hath as much need of a fpirituall as a corporal curea could 
not fiad a fitter taske to bufte my felfe about, a more appodre Theame/o nc- 
ccflary, fo commodiousj and generally concerning all forts of iven, thac 
{hould fo equally participate of both,and require a whole Phyfitian. A Di- 
uinein this compound mixt malady : can do little alone, a Phyfitian in fomc 
kindes of Melancholy much lefle,both make an abfolute cure. 

f Alter im fie filter 'a pojeit of em, and 'tis proper to them 

both,andihopenotvnbefeemingme 3 who9mbymyprofeflionaDiumc,&: 
by my inclination a Phyfitian. 1 had luptttr in my fixt houfe, I fay with f Be- \ lxy Nc 'f,f \ c 
roaldas,non fum r/iehcusjiec medicinaprorjtis exfers.ln the Theorick of Phy- in Nottmgha" 
fickc l haue taken fomepaines, not with an intent to pra&ife s but to fatiffic ^IJ' CumduP 
my felfe,which was acaufelikewifeotthc firft vndertakingof this Subieft, *$lu!ad tditn* 
Ifthefe reafons doc not fatisfie thee good Reader,as Alexander Muntficus d ^fi"^io-M 
thacbountifull/ ? rclate,fometimesBiiliopofZ-/W^, when he had built fix 
Caftles,4<J invidiam oferis eluendam fiith M r t Cam&H£0 «ke away the en- rEj^/X 
vy ot his worke ( which very wordes Nubrigenfs hath of Reger the rich Bi- mit c*zobia>& 
{"hop of Sdtfbury ,that in King Stephens time'built Shirburne Caft!c,and that fiSpiJ-/^ 
oi'Deu/Jes) to takeaway the icandall or imputation, which might be thence u feriuwto 
inferredjbnilt fo many Religious houfes. if this my Difcourfc be oucr medi- de Q uir - a ™<> 
cinal!,or fauour too much of humanity,! promife thee, that I will hereafter dZlhlfef 
make thee amends in fomcDiuine Treatifc. But this I hope (hall fufficc *v*«f*t.d 
when you haue more fully confidcrcd of the matter of this my Subicd, rem c ^ ar ^ ere ^ tm 
y/^y?r^w 5 MelancboIy,naadnc0e 3 and of the reafons following.whida'were fokfiM * 

my chicie Motiucs: 1he generality of the Dileafe, the neceffuv ©fthe cure m $ Ui mlmet 
& the commodity or common good,that will arifc to all men by the know- l ^umMk 
ledge of it, as (hall at large appeare in the cnfuingpPreface. And I doubt not VemXmZ- 
but that in the end you will fay with mee, that to anatomize this humo ur a- hla 
righr,through all the members of this our A//*r«*>«,is as great a taskc,as ™*&TxZ% 
to find out the Ouadrature of a Circle, oralhhe Creekes and founds of the v&isadvitam 
Norch-Eaft,or North- Weft parages, and all out as great a Difcoucrie, as ITaZdTwV 
that Hwigrie 11 Spaniards o^Terr a Aujlralis incognita, as much trouble as to "gant" ' m ' 
perfect the Motion of Mars & Mercury ,which io much crucifies our Aftro- y £/; ^ t * 
no mcrs , or to retfifie the Gregorian Kalendcr. I am fo affected for my part, laZVucn. 
aMd^opeas x T^//^/«5didbyhisCharacl:ers > that our poflenty.p friend <lef«bdnci h 
Policies, (hffffa the better for this which wee haue written, by correcting andre- M - mmu r 
ttifyiqg that which is amijfe^ in them [elites by our examples, and applying Gur 
precepts and cautions to their ovone ^/L>.But J am ouer tedious I proceed indc rmm ** 
_ Ofthcncccffity ^ generality ofthis which J haue faid, if any man doubt, 
j ihandenrehimto make a bricfcSurvay of the world/as 7 C//r«* adtiifcth t*nait> 
Don.ajHpprfinghimfelfetohetranJportedto the top of fomehivh mountain^, fl ^T U 
and thereto bcholdthe tumults and chances of this Bering world, andhee^ 2t£§? 
canm chuj e hut cither laugh at,or pitty it. St Hierome out of a (Iran ge ira afii- ml ^ebis 
nation.beingthgn in the wilderncfle^onceiued with himfclfe,thathee then 21 mif " ebtrk6 

c faw/ 

Vemocritus to the (Reader. 

faw them dicing in Xmepad if thou (halt cither concciuc, or dime to fee, 
4 hoi (bale foone pcrcciue all the World is mad, that is melancholy , dotes-' 
. f thiutii(whfch^ cx P rcffcd not many ycarcs fince 

in a Map made like a Fooles head.wiih that Motto; Caput Hellebore hgn*m t 
a crafed head <ave* ftultorum? fooles paradife 3 or as ^pollomiH^ common 
prifon of eulKcheatc^flattercrs A'c. and needs to be reformed. Stub* m 
the 9-booke of his Geography, compares Greece to the picture of a man, 
which comparifon of his, NicJGerbtlim in his cxpofmon o^pbtanut map, 
approues : The breft lies open from ihok^crocerauman hi lies in Epyrus 
to \teSuman promontory in Atttcafagt, and M agar a arc the two i.ioul- 
ders that ofcwwtfthc necke,and/v/^/w^the head this aMion 
hold 'tis fure a mad head; Morn may be A/*r/* 5 and to fpcake what I thmkc, 
the Inhabitants of modcrne <7r««% fwarue as much from rcafon, and true 
Religion at this day,as that More* doth from the pifturc of a man. Examine 
the r^ft in like fort , and you (hall findc that Kingdomes and Prouinccs are 
Melancholy ,Cities and Families^ Creatures 3 Vegetall,*en<ible and Rano- 
nalLand that all forts 3 fe£ts,ages,and conditions, arc out of tune, asm£>*« 
tables^** errorem bibunt pdoxt they come into the World, they are in. 
toxicatedby Errors cuppc, from the higbeft to the lowcft. haucneeceol 
Phyfick^nd thofe particular Actions in * 5m^,whcre father and fon proue 
x corner, one another madde,(hall bee generally Tor cms Lam (hall plead againft vs 
m.cont.1. & all.For indeed,who is not a foolc,Melancholy,maddc ? Folly Melancholy, 
Ub,6 coat. jvjadneffe are bat one Difcafe,DW/>/«w is a common name to z\. Alexander y 
Gorhmus\la(en Pratenfts.Savanarolafiufanerms.Montaltus. confound the 
as differing fecundhn magis & minus-, fo doth tiamd Pfi1l.37.5e. I J aid vntp 
the fooles Jieaie not fotnadly^i^s^x\o\^Stoicall paradoxc, cmnes flultos 
infant }> all fooles are mad 3 though fome madder then others. And who is-: 
\h d 7t U ° r ' not afoole.who is free from melancholy? who is not touched more or lefts 
mmafippllste. m habit or difpofition ? tfindifpofition,/Y/^/^ jftbty 
ict» pribat em- p er r euere fyfa c plutar ^habits either are,or turne to diieafes.' fis the fame 
%t lm tnfa ' which Tully maintaines inthc fecond of his Tufculana .omnium infipicntnm 
* Tam.i.jympof. Anm i inmorbo funt^ & perturb at or urn, all fooles are ficke , and all that are 
tii&mft troubled in minde 5 for what is ficknefle, but as *Gr cgory Tholo faus defines 
diJkl tnlMere- i M diffolution or perturbation of the bodily league, which health combines: & 
cnt,pravo 5 ge-' i$ nQt fc\,^ ot iUdifpofed, in whom doth not paflion, anger, envy 5 dif- 
^uLz^t content,feare and forro w raigne? who labours not of this difeafe? giue rnee b u r a little leatie, and you (hall fee by what teftimonics, confetfions , argtl- 
rtZtZm 1 ments I will evince it 5 that moft men are mad , that they had as much necde 
Ofdutu^di to goc a pilgrimage to the Anticyr* fas in c Strabos time they did; as in cur 
m permrbitis t i mes t ^ C y g 0C t0 Cempofte& Lady of Siche?n > or Lauretta ,to feeke for 
r^Zl/mt helpe 5 that it is like to be as profperous a Voyage as thacof Guiana } and that 
&fmtase'l\ t h crc j 5 much more need of Hcttebor then oiTobacco. 
l7£*cor**rii Tliat mcn arc f° mifarTeacd,Melancholy ,mad,heare the tcftimony of So- 

qutdm. i/erf.2 Si ghts diyes are forrovo^and his trauefigriefe^ani his heart taketh n» 
\hul reft in the night So that take Melancholy in what fence you will,propcrIy or 
tn rtAwabm j m p r0 pcrly ,in difpoluion or habite,for pleafurc or for painc,dotage,di(con- 
uZfl*" tent,fcarc,forro w 3 madneffe,for part or all, truely, or mctaphorically/tis all 


Democritus to the ( i{cakr. 

one. The hearts of the formes of men are eutll, and ma&nejfe_j is in their hearts x 5 
while they liue y Ecclef.$ .jjvifemen tbemfelues are no better \Eceleft*i8. in the 
multitude of wrfedome is much grief c,and he that tnereafeth wife dome jnered' 
feth forrow sep hated life ic felfe, nothing pleafcd him$ hce hated his f £wJcJ , x 
labour 5 all,a^ he concludes, is forrow jgriefe^vanity^exation of fpirtt*. And 
thoug.i he were the wifeft man in the wor\d 3 Janc7u.irium fitptentt*, and had 
wifedome inabundaoce,he will not vindicate himfelfc,:or iuftifie his own a- 
ftions.Surely Jam more fio/ifh then any man y and haus not the vnder flan ding 
of a man in mejrov .$0.2. Bee they Solomons words, or the words of ^gut 
the fon of Jakehjhzy are Canonical!. Dauidz man afcer Gods owne heart, 
confcfTeth as much ofhimfclfe,?/*^..?/.^ 22fofoohjhw^s Iandtgnorant y 
I was euen asabeaft before thee, andcondemnes all for fonlzsff& 32. p. 
ejr 49.2 o> he com pares them to beafts y horfes and mules, in which there is no 
undemanding .The Apoftlc /^tf/accufethhimfclfcin like fort, 2 Cor.ji.und 
ver,2 j ,! would you would (uffer a little myfool/jhnejfc^j / ffeake fool/jhly* The 
whole head u fickeJ'mt, Efay /ndtb? heart is heavy sap.i,y,&c makes lighter of 
them then of oxen *.:datjes y theoxe knowes his owner .read Dmt^2.6Jere. 
j.Amos 3>i£fhefs>6 be not m*df?e not deceiued 3 foolsfh GaUtians 5 who bath 
bewitched' cu? how often are they branded with this Epitlieteof m id>>cffe 
and folly No Word fo frequent amonglt the Fathers oftheChurch and Di- 
iun^s,you may fee what an opinion they had of the world, and how they 
valued mens actions. 

Iknowe that we thinkc farre otherwifc,& hold them mois part wife men 
that arc in authority, Princes^ Magiftrates, 6 rich men, they are wife men 
borne , all Politicians and Statefmen muft needs be fo , for who dare fpeake \^^f\^. 
againft them: and on the other, fbcorruptis our judgement , wee cfteeme benmr.Eupb»r* 
wife and honcft men foolcs. Which Vemocritus well hgnified in an Epi(ll<^> ™ loSa! y*- 
of his to Hippocrates : h The ^ibderites account vertucmadneffe 3 and fodoe vhtul, infanta 
iroft men huing. Shall J tell you the rcafon of it^ \ Fortune and Vtrtue , \vif- & furor tjfe fa 
dome and JW/y,vpon a time contended in the Olymptcks^ Every nun thought c ^r^mm 
that Fortune and Folly would haue the worft 3 and pittied their cafes. But it A?ci.omnam- 
fell out oiherwife. Fortune was blindc and cared not where fhee ftroke , nor r f*S ^ u ^f 
whom 3 without lawcs,& c.F4y rafh and inconfideratc, cared not what fhee fuUhkm/ed 
iaid or did. Vertue and mfdome gaue * place,were hifled out 3 and exploded P* ter exptcia* 
by the common people 3 Folly and Fortune admired 3 and fo arc all their foj- ^J^jJ* i«7 
lowers ever finee , knaues and foolcs commonly fare and deferuc bed in mUmesIh^ 
worldlings eyes' and opinions. Many good men haue no better fate in their riiit . 
ages: K^ch/jb i.Sam.21.14. held Dauidfov a mad man. » Elifta and the reft tes^itctabe^ 
were no otherwife cfteemed. Dauid was derided of the common people, fefoterts ftu!- 
Pfitl.9.7. lam become a menfier to many. & generally wc arc accounted fool es (I^-fl^g 
ioxChri\{,i.Cor.i4.fVefootes thought his life mud neffe, and his endwitboutbo- Mtmihiitl 
»ouryytfd*<;.4> C hrilt and his Apoftlcs were cenfured in like fort, Iobn,io. fa md * M i* 1 ' 
Mar k. 3. Ads 2 6.and fo were all Chriftians m\Plinies time , fuerunt ejr alij ^7^.7. 
fimilk dement /x,drc. Tis an ordinary thing with vs , to account honeft, de- 1 LHffJ&n 
vour ? reIigiaus,plaincdealingmen,idiots 3 afies, that cannot lye &dhTeroble, 
(Uift t (\mcr,atcommodare fe adeum locum vbi natifunt^makc good bargains, 
fupplant,thriue,^tf ronit tnfervire\folen»es afcendendi modos apprehendere^ 
leges yWoressonfvttHdines reft} obfermre^candide land Are \fort iter defender e^ 

Q 2 fertten- 

t^tmotntm to the (Reader. 

1 6 fententias amplecli^dubitare de nullis, credere omnia , acctpere omnia, nihil re- 
prehendere^catera^ qutpromotionemferunt &[ccwttatem , qua fine ambage 
fxlicem reddunt homtncm,& vere fapientem apud nos. That cannot tempo- 
rife as other men doe, k cakcbribes,&c.butfeare}God,and make a confeienca 
| rift of their doings. But the holy Ghoft that knowes better how to iudge , hce 
warn pup, calls them foolcs, The foole hath f aid in his heart , Pftl. /. and their veaies 
tLiduifaxm njtUr tieirfolyj[A*49>i4- 1 F' r ™ hat can ^ more ^ad 3 thenfor a little world- 
#£pro m fy pleafure to procure vnto themfdues eternallpuwfbwent? As Gregory and o* 

mmtanea fell- t j ias j nCV ,l catc vntO VS. 

ZTdpmlr And all thofe great Philofophers,the world hath euer had in admiratio, 
plum} vvhofe workes we doc fo much eftceme 5 that gauc precepts ofwifdome to 
d^mclnu" othcrs,inuentersofArts and Sciences , Socrates the wifeft man of his time 
fSamSpi by the Oracle of Apollo t whom bis two fchollers « Plato and n Xenophon fo 
»Ematiine~ n uj C h extoil and magnifie,with thofe honorable titles , of heft andvoifeflefall 
dZomlZm' mortal! men.the bappuft andmoft thofe feucn wife men of Greece 7 thofe 
qmtxpertifH- Brit t nine Druides I Indian Brachmanni^^thiopian Gymnofophifts , Magi of 
tana «ptim & ^ Perfians , \^pohnius.oi whom Philoflratus , non docla* fed natus Sapiens, 
tiftmi &wfiif- Wife from his cradle, Upicurm\o much admired by his {cno\\QtLucretsm% 
fit*. Qui genm htmanumingenio fuperauit, & omnes 

MmtrJrt Pcrftrinxitftellas exortm vt athertus Sol, 

tuad fine™. Whofc wit exccll'd the wits of men as farrc , 

Tdkfitit sura ^ s t | lc $ imnc rifing doth obfeure a ftarre : 

Mttmum&fie- E- 1 ^ a ^ thofc,of whom we read fuch ° Hyper bo lie all elogiums ,as ofArifotle 
Gcifftmrnfla- that he was wifdome itfelfe intheabftra& 5 P a miracle of nature, breathing 

u Libraries,as Eunapim of Longings y lights of nature , Gyants for wit^uinte- 
i&mmmAi&H* fcence of wit,Divine fpirits,Hagles in the cloudes,faIne from heauen, Gods, 
ftetuU^mtu Spirits, Lampc$oftheiworld,Dicrators,Mo'narchs, Miracles, Superinten- 
r* t 9*ture mi- &znK%o{W\iw\&\tztv^!Ci^Oceanu4$h 

recultimjpfa nisjrbis vniuerft mufimmjvltimm humane natura conatus y &c.%s v£liaa faid 
nhmhJnH ' °^ ProtCL g orM anfli Gorgiasyvt may fay of them all, ta ntum a feylentibw abfu- 
feifcientiarurti , ertmt quantum a virtipueri 3 thcy were children in refpedl.infantSjnot Eagles 
TSfef fcr'/ti ^ ut Kites,noHices,illiterate ; £0»»r^/ fapicnttk. And although they wcre'the 
&f*JJti.^vt wifeft,and moft admired in their age 3 as he cenfurcd Alexander, I doe them 
stioppMoUm there were io thoufand in his army as worthy Captaines ( had they beenc 
%nfmf^ui- m P) iCC °f command Jas valiant as himfelfe^thcre were Myriadcs of men Wi* 
UmnMbiuy fer in thofe day es, and yet all (hort of what they ought to be. q Luclantimin 
^Inm'ou'' k°°ke ofwifdome 3 proucs them to be dizards 3 fooles 3 and afTes,mad men, 

wet litcYitvm* 

and fo full ofabfurd and ridiculous tenentB and pofitions , that to his think- 
oiyffm audit:- ing neuer any old woman or ficke perfon doted worfc, r Democritus tooke 
TZiks.defq. ali ^ rGm leHci fl>* s vM& left 5 faith h^the inheritance of hu folly to Epicurmjin. 
Up^j.& xo. ' finienti dum fapientia^dr'c.lht like he faith of Plato t Artfttpfm^ and the reft 
timesPbiUjopbi making no difference f betwixt them and beaftslauino that they couldfbeah- 

nt (lulu out in- P n~7 j. j l • T 1 n. t\ -i xr • c rv\ ^ 7 " vni,Ui Jr' :c * Ki: * 

fani, nuUam* c Theodoret in his Tra6t De-cur. gr*c.affcc.mzmfcQ\y euince as much of Socr*. 
tuiiusager m- /«,whom though that Oracle of Apollo confirmed to be the wifeft man then 
Tti!^?i liuin g^ and faucd him from the plague, whom 2000 yearcs hauc admired, of 
umppodoRiu whom fome will as foone ipeake euill as oichrift^ yet reuera.hcc was an illi- 


jWtitierttiqmt Epicuro. f Hor.carJib.i.9d.^. i.ffiwr. f jTAit mterefiinter hos & bt$wwGau9i hemntm tUfet lib x6 


Vemocritus to the Reader. 

tcratc Idiot,as * Arifopbanes calls him Jrrifor & ambitiofa , as his matter 17 
Arijletle tearrues him/curra Atticm^ zsZeno, an \ enem y to all arts and fci- * n<*.#r* 
ences as ^AthentusjLQ Philofophers and Traucllers, an opinatiuc aflc , a ca- ^omim Aj- 
viller.akinde of pedant; for his manncrs,as Tbeod. Cyrenfis defcribes hiiT^a ciplinayuirigr 
f Sodomite ,an Athei/l^o conuidi: by <^Anytus % iracunAus ejr ebrius^ dicax> ejre. ^j L h m um 
a pot companioned that of all others he was mod lortifh, a very mad man adoiefamm 
in his actions and opinions. If you defire to hcare more of Apollonius that caufifiiqucn- 
great wife man.fomccime paralleled by JulUn the Apoftate to Chrift,I refer ["^^f^ 
yon to that learned Tracl oiEufcbim againft Hierocles , and for them all to 
Lucians Pifcatorjracomenip^us ^ecyomantia their anions , opinions in ge« 
ncrall were fo prodigiotis^binrdjridiculous, which they broached & main- 
tained,thcirbookcs and elaborattreatifes were full ofdotags,whieh Tally ad 
Alt i cum long mice ob ferued , dehrant pier urn ^fcript ores m libris fuis, and 
their hues oppofnc to their words 5 they commended pouerty to others, and 
were mod couctous themfelues 5 cxcolled loue and pcace,and yet>pcrfecuted 
one another with virulet hate &: malice. They could giue precepts for verlc 
and profebut not a man of them ( as Seneca tells them home ) could mode- 
rate his affections. Their muficke could (hcvivs fiebi/es mofos y &c. how to 
rife and fall 5 bur they couid not fo containe themfciues as in aduerfity not to 
make a lamentable tone. They can meafure ground by Geometry, fet down 
limits,diuide and fubdiuide,but cannot yetpxefcribe quantum hominifatupt 
keepe within compafib ofreafon anddiicretion . They can fquare circles, ^ setuca&tf 
but know not the ftatc of their own foules,d escribe right lines.crooked, &c. rotmiamttm 
hut knowc not what is right in this life , quid in vtt*. rectum (it ignorant , fo ^™ ) * m tm ' ti 
that as he laid, Ncfcio an Anticyram ratio iilif deft met omnem. 
1 thinke all the Anthyr* will net reftore them to their wirs, u if thefc men u ... 
now,thathad* Zenedctus heart ^Crates hucr, iE^/##*.f lantnorne, werelo fap:ertiai a a«ti 
fottifb,and had no more braincs then fo many Beetles^what (hall we thinke c *m'"* nan 
of the commonalty? what of the reft? 

Yea ,but will you inferre,that is true o{Heatbens\{ they be conferred with &iew cnu- 
Chriftians, i.Cor. r.ipJhewifdomeof tbis world ufoolijhneffewithGort^xrthfy l *' \ 
ejr dmelifb^ James calls tt^.i^thcy were %'*m\in their imaginations .ejr their 

fjb bear t was full of darkncffe_j. Rom.r.2i.& Z2*verf when they profeffed y t& t de oat. 
thcmfelues wife ^became fooles .Their witty workes are admired here on earth, bcni - 
whilfttheir foulcs are tormented in hcllfirc. ]n fome {cnfe.Cbrtftiam Craft- l^TinGm. 
rf/?/,Chriitians are Cram*ans,and ifcomparcd to that wifdomc no better the difme Sophia 
fooles. Outs eft (afiens>Solus deus Pythagoras rcplies,GW is only wife,Rom.i6. ff™*' 
/Wder?rmines 5 onIy good^as Auflin well contends^ and no man lining can TraUnf'om:* 
beiuftified in his fight. God looked down from heauen vp >on the children of "men, exprth 
tofeeifanydidvnderpnd } P(aL s3 .2^h\M all are corrupt , erre , * none doth ^Inf'^ 
gooAfto not one Job aggregates this 4. 1 8. behold he found ho fiedfaflneffe in his 1 Str.On dmi 
fermnts^nd laid folly vponbis Angels , rp. how much more on them that ^j^^tf* 
dwcil in houfcs of clay? In this fenfe we are all as fooles , and the a Scripture MtnTefefZ 
alone is Arx Minerva^ we and our writings are fhallow and vnperfed. But t'MsJemper 
5 doe not fo m cane,but euen in our ordinary dealings^we are no better then '^}^,)f n a ^ 
foole?. Mi our actions as b Plinie told T raiansvf braid vs of folly , our whole raturlftd ut 
fcoUr/c of life is but matter oflaughter: weare not fobcrly wile , cV the world P^rvuit vofs 
it iclfc 3 whick ought at leaft to be wife by reafon of his antiquity , As c Hugo 

c 2 Mi 

Dtmocritus to the Reader. 

1 8 dc Prttto Fieri do will haue it,/ rmper ftu/tizAt i is every day more foeltfh then # ■ 
ther \ths more it is whipped the worfe it is , and as a child will fill bee crowned 
vith rofes And floxvrcs. VVc arc apifh in \x 3 afini b/pides,an6 cncry place is full 
fnuerforumJpuleioruntpfmctamorphifcd and two legged afles,ehildifh,/0- 
eriin/lArbimuli, tremula pAtris dormientisin vlna. lout Anus Pontanus.Anto- 
nio Diallings in foinc laughing at an old man ; that by reafon of his age was 
a little fond,but as-he admonifheth thcrc 3 2W mireris mihofpes de hoc fene^ t 
t u p, um u maruell not at him only/or tot a hac ciuitas delirium^ll our towne dotes in 
omneijuterhu- like fort, d we arc a company offoolcs. Aske not with him in the Poct, e Lar* 
mant^ paella. v # h anc iatempert* infant*^ AgitAnt fentm ? what madneffe gho As this old 

• t\ miu Ali . matijbut what madncflc ghofts vs all? for We are all as bad as hee, and not fe~ 
Mar. nexbU putr } de(irA anui^hut fay it ofvs 3\\Jemperpueri J yo\\v\v > &. old,aIldore 
fclnt^' 4 ^' as L *ft antmi proucs out of SenecA , and no differencebetwixc vs & children j, 
i Am. M fauing thit maiora Indimutjiw&grandiortbuspHpis , they. play wich babies of 

* ^'vide?' c ^ 0l,ls » an ^ * UGn toyes,and we play with greater babies. We cannot accufe 
jw *«f* J or Gondcmnc one another being faulty our felues,+ delir amenta ioqueru^yow 
font, ^ talkc idly,or as f Mitio vpbraided DemeAjrfanis Aufer te , for wee arc as mad 
cmiomta J our ownc fclucs,and'tis hard to fay which is the worft. And 'tis vniuerfally 
vide*. fo ,when 8 Supputiw in font Anus had trauelled all over Europe ,to confer with 
^m^mtTilrr aw ^ cman > ncc returned at laft without his errand , and could finds none. 
Eraf/woi chu.j. h Cardan concunes with him,fevo there Ate {for ought lean perceaue) well in 
ctnt.i o.nmo their wits. So doth Tutly,' 1 I fee every thing to be done fool; fh/y and vnaduifed- 
Z%Z, l 7- flep»ifin r j»mjwiextnrfom,wmvtri 3l 

defyit, iket alh Error, fed vari/s iHudit p Art/bus omnes \ 
w a!» mubo One reeles to this .another to that wall , 

dhusjUt avan- * IS tn c lame error that deludes them all. 

iue , ambitma, k Xhey dote all 3 but not alike,M<*/»* V i irao-it o(xo/«,not in the fame kinde,*/**- is 
^kofii fat 3 c0lie ^ fts i t fecondlaftiuious^A third ambitious \a fourth envious , &c. as Dami> 
*» Prim*], hx ftppus the Stoicke hath well illuftratcd in the Poet, - defipiunt omnes <cque At 
wt * F 1 ™ f u ' tu* Tis an inbred malady in euery one ofvs , there is feminArium fiultiti£ t a 
» e.i. de'autko feminary of fo\\y t rvbich if it be ftirred vp or get ah head , willrunne in infiini* 
sjl in vnoquoq s turn ^and infinitely v Aries ,as voce oar felues Are feverally Addicted , fai th R Eal- 
riLZwoT' fll *z*r CAflilto: and cannot fo cafily be rooted out, it takes fuch faft hold, as 
ftuitiM^uodfi Tu/fy holds,*//* radices ftultititf fo we are brcd,and fo we continue.Somc 
T^Mtum tncrc ^ e two mainc defefts of wit, Error and JgnorancCj to which all o- 
frith "xmfcit. thcrs arc rcduced,by ignorance we knowc not things neceffary, byErrour 
*>ribuUn.f!Hi- weknowc them falfely. Jgnorancc is a priuation.Error a pofitiue Acl from 
S^hc^wits 3g no r a nce comes vice.from Error hcrelie,&:c, Eut make how many kindes 
area wooiga- you will 3 diuideand fubdiuide,fcw men are free, or that doc not impinge on 

^solboics ^° me onc kindc or othcr ' P Sic ? ler * m & a £' tat ? ult0$ ™f £ 't'*> as hec that ex- 

commonly 1 am ' ncs nis ownc and other mens aclionSj(hall findc. 

dote. Charon in Luciano he wittily faigncs,was conducted by Mercury to fuch 

Im'toTz. 2 P Iacc ' where He might fee all thc world at oncc.and after hee had fufficicnt- 
' ' * ly viewed and looked about./taTW/ would needs knowc of him, what hec 
had obferued , he told him that he faw a vaft multitude and a promifcuous 
their habitations like Molehills 5 the men like Emmets,^ could difcernecitties 
like fo many hiues of Bees 3 rv herein euery Bec_j had a fltng,and they did nought 
tl[c but fling one anther Jomt domineering Uke Hornets bigger then the_j reft, 


Vemocrltus to the Reader. 

fome like filching ycAjps , offers as Drones. Ouer their head were houering a i£ 
confufed company of percurbations,hope } feare,anger, auaricc, ignorance 3 
&c.and a multitude of difeafes hanging ouc^wfaich they ftill pulled on their 
heads. Some were brawlmg/ome fighting, riding,runniDg,^/V/>^ ambien- 
teS)Cd\Lidelitzgdntcs£Qt toyes and trifles,and fuch momentary things. 1 heir 
Townes and Prouinces meere factions , rich againft poore , poore againft 
rich mobles againit ar tificers,they againft ne»bles,and fo the reft.In conclufi- 
on he condemned them all 5 for mad men,fooles,idiot$>afies. Ofiultt, qtktnt 
hxc eft amentia} O fooles,o mad men he exclainics/^/iiw jludiajnfam labo- 
res t &cm:d indcauours,mad a&ions 5 mad 3 mad 3 mad. Herdcl'ttm the Phile- 
fopher,out ofa ferious meditation of mens a6tions,fell a weeping,and with 
continuall tcarcs bewailed their miferies^madnefll^nd ^olly. Democrztm on 
the other fide fell a laughing,,their whole life to him feemed fo ridiculous, 
and he was fofarre carried with this ironical! pailion , that the citcizens of 
K^dbdera tookchim to be mad,and fent therefore Embafiadours to Hippecra* 
tes the Phyfitian 5 that he would exercife his skill vpon him. But the ftory is 
fet down at large by Hippocrates , in his Epiftlc to Damogetus jw[\\q\i becaufe 
kisnoti'npeninenttothisdifcourfe, lwillinfcrt^;^//^ahnoft 3 as it is 
deliacrcdby f///>/wrrf/^himfelfe,with ali thecircumftanccs belonging vn* 

ton ' *Subtamtfa 

en Hippocrates was now come t o t^dbderd , the people of the Citty ti*tm§ftdcn- 
1 flockinq about him,fome wecping.fome intreatinc of him' that he /f f ^"V*^ 
would doe his belt. Atcer lomc little repair , hee went to fee Demoerittu,?\\ hpdmMde 
the people following him^vvhom he found fas before ) in his garden in the P s jf ldm Mm - 
fuburbs all alone, fitting vpor, a (lone vnder a plane tree without hofeor jloooes 'niftlTiM J~ 
with a hooke on bit knees jutting vp fitter all beafts. and bufie at his fiudy. The itm faper \t- 
people frood gazing round about to fee the congrcfTc 5 Hippoirates after a ^" h * be »"** 
little tiaufefaluted him by his name, whom hee rcfaluted , afhamcd almoft *a!ZZZu 
that he could not call him likewife by his name 3 or that he had forgot \t.Hip- f cri ^u [dam 
per ates demanded of him whathc was doing? He told him that he was f qu ° l f' a !T 
fie tn cutting iff e tier all be Aft Jo finite out the caujes of madnefifc\ejr melancbo • turf*, creftat, 
ly. Hippocrates commended his worke, admiring hishappineflc and Ieafure.' a ' ukm,> m *' 
And why.quoth Dcmocritmfavz not you that leafurc?Becaufc,replicd Hip- 
^o^/^.domcfticall affaires hinder,nccefTary to be done,for our children 5 ex- I'^^es,^ 
nenccs.difeafes/railties^nd mortalities which happen, wife , children fcr- t . er . ea ( ico ' mn 
vanrs 3 and fuch bimneflc which depnuc vs of our time. At this fpeech Demo- Med fciiu b$. 
crittts profufedly laughed(his friends and the people landing by ? weeping % nat w"* 
in the meane time and lamenting his mudndte) Hippocrates asked the realbn ^Z^n.h. t. 
why he laughed: he told him at the vanities and fopperies of the time.To fee mGencf.ju- 
men fo empty of all vertuous aaions 5 to hunt fo farre after cold, hauinc no ' 
cndofaiiibition^to take luchinhnitepaines for a little glory , and to bee fa- tipti pofiuia, 
vored of make fuch deepe mines into the earth for gold • and many & tHm,ltum 
times to norhing,withlofle of their lines and fortunes. So'mctoloue ^pfdZ*!^'™ 
dor/ ^cs.othershorfesjfome to defircto be obeyed in many Prouinces, * and u Vxem itt - 
yet them felucs will knowe no obedience, 11 Some to lone their wiucs'dcar- SJT 
Jy at firft 3 and after a while to forfakc and hate them,begctting childrcn,with **m 
much care and coft for their education,yet when they growe to mans cftate mx 
J w dc ¥ ih thcm,ncgiea and lease them naked to the worlds mercy J Doe If^p 


Demtcritus to the reader. 

20 not thefebehauioursexpreffe their intolerable folly ? When men Hue in 
* Kept eVgunt peace they covet warrc,dctefting quietnefTe 3 x depofing kings and aduance- 
deponmt. j n g ojhgjg j n t jj C j r fl- ccc j ^ murdering fomc men to beget children of their 
wiues. How many ftrangc humours are in men ? When they arc pc ore and 
needy they feeke riches,and when they haue t hem they doe not enioy them, 
but hide them vnder ground,or elfe waftfuily fpend them. O wife N^ocra^ 
/«,Uaugh at fuch things being doncjbur much more when no good comes 
of thcm,and when they are done to fo ill purpofe* There is no truth or iu- 
*cwtrMfom- fticefoundamongitthera, for they daily plead one againft another, a thc 
tesjr«im t cmi fonne agair.ft the father and the raother.ferother againft brother, kindred & 
l^&in'm^ friends of the fame quality, and all this for riches , whereof after death they 
tw agent, cannot be poffeffors. And yet notwithstanding they will defame & kill one 
another,commitall vn!awfulla&ions,contemningGod,&men 3 friendsand 
countrey. They make great account of many fcnfclelTe things, cftecraing 
them as a great part of their, pictures, and fuch like mouca- 
bles,dcarebought 5 and fo cunningly wrought, as nothing but fpeech want- 
*Ud*mcmimx echin them, b and yet they hate living perfons fpeakjng to them. Others af- 
^oSTibcai ^ ^ , ^ co ^ t tbingSjif they dwell on firme land,they will rcmouc to an iland 
jkpmtifisii. and thencctoland againe,being no way conftant in their defires.They com- 
^ credo eqaidf mend courage and ftrcngth in warres, andletthetnfeluesbee conquered by 
wmmmUM ^ arlc * avarice^thcy are,in brief c,as difordered in their minds , zsTherfites 
was in his body. Audnowmeethinkes, Oraoft worthy Hippocrates ,you 
fliould not reprehend my laughing , perceauing fo many fooleries in men$ 
*SHamJiu!tUi- * for no man will naockc his owne folly^but th3t which he feeth in another, 
ToffiaiteSll aB< * *° ^ c y Ul % mGC ^ c onc another. The drunkard calls him a glutton, 
term dcrid*. whom hec knowes to be fober, many men loue the fea, others husbandry, 
briefly they cannot agree in their owne trades and profeffions, muchlefle 
in their hues and anions. 

When Htppecrates heard thefe words/o readily vttcred without preme- 
dication to declare the Worlds vanity, full of ridiculous contrariety, hee 
made anfwer,that neceflity compelled men to many fuch a6tions,& dinerfe 
wills enfuing from diuiac permiflfion, that wee might not be idle, being no- 
thing is fo odious to them as floth and negligence. Befides,men cannot fore- 
fee future euents,in this vncertainty of humane affaires, they would nocfo 
marry ,if they could fore-fee the caufes of their diflike and feparation, or pa- 
rents if they knew the houre of their childes death, fo tenderly prouidefoc 
them; or an husbandman fowc,ifhe thought there would be no inereafe; or 
a merchant adventure to fea , if he forc-faw {hipwracke ; or be a magiftrate 
if prcfently to bee depofed. Airworthy Democritus, euery man hopes the 
beft,and to that end he doth it,and therefore no fuch caufe of laughter. 

Democritus hearing this excufe, laughed againe aloud, perceiuing he did 
not well vnderftand what hee had (aid concerning perturbations and tran- 
quillity of the mind. Infomuch.that if men would gouerne their actions by 
difcretion and prouidence , they wouldnot declare themfeluesfooles, as 
now they doc,and he fhould haue no fuch caufe oflaughtcr,but (quoth he; 
they fwell in this life,as if they were immortall,for want of vnderftandinp.Tc 
were enough to make them wife, if they would but confider the mutability 
of this world, how ic whecjes about> nothing hrmc and furc, hce that is 


Vemocritus to the { ){eadcr. 

now abouc,to morrow i$beneathjhec that fate on this fide to day, to mor- ax 
row is hurled on the other: and not confidering thefe things , ihcy fall into 
many inconveniences and troubles,coueting things of no profit, & thirfthig 
after them,tumblinghf jio.^into many calamines. So thatif men would f^-^^ 
attempt no more then what tuey can beare , they fhotild leade contented ^.mmm^:. 
liues, and learning to know themfelucs would limit their ambirion , f they bal^^jmr 
would know then that Nature hath enough without feeking fuch fuper(] ul - mitus&finifi 
ties ; and vnprofitable things, which bring nothing with them but griefe and Ubmm inajfr 
moleftation. As a fat body is more fubiecT: to difcafes 5 fo arc rich memrhere SSSw^SSf 
arc many that take no heed what happencth to others by conversion, t.or. 
and therefore oucrthrow themfelues in the fame manner through their 'jjjj$^ t v *l 
own fault,not fore feeing dangers manifeft. Thefe are things ( 6 more then p^'eTuhm. 
mad queih hee J that giue me matter of laughter , by fufferiog the paines of ttcum vuijt 
your impieties,as your auarice 3 envy,mutinies, vnfatiable dchres, confpira' ^^,^ er 
ciesjk other incurable vices,- befides your § diftimularion and hypocrifie, creti^ndm 
bearing deadly hatred one to the other , andyetfh.idowingit with a good c ^ m C\eie. 
face,flying out into all filthy lufts,and tranfgreflions ofalllawes,both of na« c^utwm} 
ttire and ciuility.Many things which they hauc left off, after a while they fall qumfibi font, 
to neaine.husbandry ,navigation,and leauc ofTaqaine, fickle and vnconftant s ? J**?"*^ 
as tncy are 5 when tney are yong.they would be old,and old young. « Princes kcetitjuicsu- 
commend a priuate life, pritiate men itch aftet honour; a magiftratecom- teatutvivat, 
mends a quiet Hfe,a quiet man would be in his office,and obeyed as he is, & f©^' 
what is the caufe of all this, but thatthey know not themfelues. Some dc- attentat qua. 
light to deftroy,one to build,anothcr to fpoile one counrrey to enrich ana- f atl 
therand himfclfc. k In all thefe things they are like children,in whom is no gttJSZ" 
judgment or counfell 5 and tefemble bcafls, failing that beafts arc better then difcruvt^uibm 
they,as being contented with Nature. 1 When fnall you fee a Lion bide gold ^IJfJ'jfy 
in tne ground,ora Bull contend forabetter pafturc ; when a Borcis thirfty, '^cqiT/fe^bi 
he drinkes what will ferue hirn,and no more,& when his belly is full, he cea* ofawtyeep, 
feth to eat: but men are immoderate in both; as in luft,they couct carnal co- mf^^ 1 
pulation at fet times, men alwayes,ruinating thereby the health of their bo- caufm'afqiti- 
dies.Anddothitnotde(eruclaughter,to fee an amorous foole torment him rm bruu m }' 
felfeforawench;weepe 5 howlcforamif-fliapenflut 3 a dowdy, fometimcs bocfolm'nlt 
that might haue his choice of thefineft beauties ? js there any remedy for mmbMinvef^ 
this in Phyfick? J doc anatomize and cut vp thefe poorc bcafts,™ to fee thefe T^i 
dilkmpers, vanities and follies, yet fuch proofe were better made on mans vitate Korbut 
body,if my kind nature would endure it: n Who from thehoure of hisbirth c ! tm 
is mod miferable,weak.& fickly;when he fucks 5 he is guided by others,when ^blndZ\tm 
heisgrownegreat,pra<5tifethvnhappinefle, & is fturcy, and whenolde, a desrefta'ipfamh 
child again,3nd repentcth him of his life paft. Andhecre being interrupted " ; w > 
by one that brought bookes,hee fell to it againe,that all were mad 5 carelclTe, vmtZ. «*» 


ftupid.To prouc my former fpceches, looke into Courts or priuate houfes. W? 
P ludges giue iudgment according ro their o wnc advantage,doing manifeft 'tu^lfmt* 
wrong to pooreinnocents 3 to pleafeothcrs. Notaries alter fcntencesj& for 'tn)numhtrou y 
monyloofc their deedes ! , fomemake falfe monies, others counterfeit falfe *?, a thc , ef told 
wcights^lome abuie their parcnts,yea corrupt their own fifterSjOthers make te faMmv* 
long libels & pafquils,defaming men of good life, & extoll fuch as are lewdc fa* Uldcx > 
& vicious/ome robbe one,fome another. 4 Magiftratcs make lawes againft Z^^m, 

d theeues. 

Vemomtus to the Reader. 

22 theeues,&arctheveriefttheeues thcmfclues. Some kill themfelues. others 
defp*fe,not obtaining their defitesj fomedancejlingjaugh/caftjandback- 
bite,whilft others figlijlanginfhjinourne 2nd lament, hailing neither rocate, 
drinke^orcloathes.' Some prankevp their bodies,and banc their minds full 
of execrable vices: fome trot about to bcarefalfc witncu%'& fay any thing 
* Vuitm mpi for mony,and though Judges know ofit, yet for a bribe they winke at it,and 
IS mcih-' m ^ cr fo^ c contracts to prevaile againft equity. Women arc all day a dref- 
Am.MmiUm. fing,to pleafe other men abroad,& go like iluts at homc,not caring to pleafe 
tlFvixTnver l ^ elr own ^ us ^ anc ^ s wnom tnc y flhould.Seeing men arc fo fickle, lb fotcifti, 
bffm mmL &> intemperate , why fbovld not I laugh at thofe to whom * folly feemes 
tioprofcruntur. wifedome,& will not be cured,and perceiuc it not? It grew late,& Htppccra- 
TJfiTZt ^Hefchim,& no fooncr was he come-away 5 but all the citizens carneabouc 
ad ver'uattm uocking,to know now he liked him: nee told them in briefe, that notwith- 
dtcendwinvi- ftanding thofe fmall neglects ofhis attire^ody/liet, u the world had not a 
$mZ«$7d*r Vifer,a more learned,a more honeft man,& they were much deceiued to fay 
bkm \at tx&- that he was mad* 

vZtemL 111 Tnus V em ° critM cfteemed of the world in his time, & this was the caufc 

cat 3 ofhis laughter: and good caufc he had. 

loh.fem.x . sc Q// m i ure quidem nunc pins Dcmocrite ride^j 9 

mpmm'cgldh 0*** rides? vita h*c nunc mage ridicuk eft. 

tmt. "Democritm did well to laugh of old,' 

o siqMtm fa Good caufe he had ,but now much more, 

mraime me This life of ours is more ridiculous 

tempkvit. De- Then that of his,or long before. 

f^Tf^enff- , Ncucr fo much Gaufc of laughter as now, neuer fo many fo©Ies & mad men. 
fHumvirum y qui 'lis not one Vemocritut will feruc turne to laugh in thefedayes, wee hauc 
nl^bomnsZi n0VV nce ^of2 Democrit us io laugh ixDemocritmpxiz Jcfter to flout at ano- 
dtHthtei red-' ther, one foole to fleare at another, A great Stcntorean Vemocritus^% big as 
*«• , thitRbodtaxCo/ojfa.Totnow^siSdlubur/enfe tetwmtm- 
*?bmDemi * m hiphnemAgit,\\\z whole world playes the foole, we haue a new Thca • 
mi nuncnon ter,a new Sceane,a new Gomcdy of errors,a new company of perfbnate A- 
SfSS &or$,vo/MpUfacrM(as Ca/cagrnxu* wittily faignes in his Apology) are cele- 
i>emocr)tumri- brated all the World ouer, f where all the Aftors were madmen &fooIes 

fpf 'ff;™'' 3nd eucr ? *} ourc cnan g c< * habits, or tooke that which came next. Hec that 
%Xir*rJ. was ^marriner to day,was an Apothecary tomorrow; a Smith one while a 

t Philofopher another,//? ^ ludu.K King now with his crown robes 

5J" rce P tcr ^ ttcn dants>y & by droue a loaded AiTe before him like a carter, &c' 
u« ' VDemocrittu were aiiuc now ; he ftould fee ftrange alterations, a new com- 
T P ff > pany ofcounterfeic virards,whiflers,C«»^alTes,Maskers,Mummcrs pain" 

imwoU\ hie Butterflies. And fo many of them arc indeed } (*lfall be true that 1 haue read) 

52 2Krl: F or w , hsn W"£1 M '' S we ^ T d V n , g was [ oI r c T ni2cd of old ' lhe s ods ™* ^ 

unuhjmu & lnv " ed to the Feaft 5 & many Noblemen bcfidcs. Amongft the reft camcOr. 
fceptro omaiui.falm a ^r/z^Pfince^rauely attended, rich in golden attites in say robe? 
X^LX withamaicfticaUprefencc, but otherwife an AiTe. The gods ferine hinl 
Mfium elites* come in fuchpompe&ltate ? rofevp to giue him place , exbdttuhominem 

tium'impellh. n 
* Calcignbw JpoL Cryfalm e emit aura dive:, nmkatopeplo & t'mo conjpku*, kviubawnj* nuBim emUB c mana 
wgtfanUi&jjitrgmtdiit&c, • 

metientes 9 

Vmotrittu to the Reader, 

w$etientes' y ]h\it Itpiter perceiuing what he was,a light 3 phantafticke,idlc fel* 2 3 
low^urned him & his proud followers into Butterflies : And fo they conti- l%fJ™'iMi~ 
rue ftill /Tor ought I know to the contrary; rouingaboucinpiedcoates, & tvptfrchnl* 
ivccaWc&chryfdltdes by the wifer fort of men, that isjgoldeoutfides^roncs, 1 1* 
flics,& things ofno worth.Multitudcs of fuch,&c. Many additions, much e ^°$^* 
increafc of madneife,folly 3 vanity,(hould DcmtcritM obferue, were he now ^aamam^m 
to trauell.or could get lcaucofp/ztfo to come fecfafhions, zsCbsron did in aUverfaeft, 
Lucid* jo viftt our cities of Moron'u f M,and Moroni* foh'xfotz I thinkc he % ™i*f(lr>dTs 
would breakc the rimrac of his belly with laughing, vacant buiufm^ 

a Siforet in ten it rider et Democritudje* ejre. f 
A Satyricall Ram** in his time, thought ail vice ,fol!y, and naaduefle were all 

at a full Tea, b Omneinprtcipitiv'ttiumjietit*: but wee flow fc «r. 

higher in madnc(Tc,farre beyond them, e Mcx daturi progeniem vtticfiorem^ c Hcr " 
and the latter end fyou know whofe Oracle it is ) is like to be worft. 'lis not 
to be denied 3 the world alters cuery day, ruunt urbes y regm trunsferuntur^ 
(frcvAriantttr habitus ylegesinnovantur^zs f /Vtar^oblerues, wee charge ^ Libj.eftfi.z, 
languagCjhabitSjIawescuftomcs^manners, but not vices, notdifcafes ; iiot 
the fymptomes of folly &madnefTc, they arc ftill the fame. And asariuer 
we fcCjkcepes the like name & placc 5 bnt not water 3 & yet eucr ruones, 

* Labitur, (jr Ubetur in omne volabilis <ev»m; our times * Hoft 

and pcrfons alter, ! vices are the farnc,&: cuer will bejlookc how nightingales d supe>{litio e% 
fang of o!d,cockcs crowed, kinc lowed, fhcepe bleated, fparrowes chirped, 'f^l^' 
doggesbari cd,fo they doe ftili, wckecpeourmadncfleflill, play thcfooles *wfc."." 
ft'Wjtec dum fimtus O/v/V^wccareofthe famehumors and inclinations as flta* 
our Predeccffors werc 3 you (hall finde v$ all alike, much at one, wr^eand our ^ j"rj^ke 
fo nnes, Et natt n&torttm^ejr qui nafcuntur ah iUu. of /o>'9«.v,go- 

and fo fhall we continue to the laft. But to fpeakc of times prcfeof. luer^T* a? s 

]{Vemoerittes were aliue now, and fhould but fee the <fuperftition of our °" /?^& C PS 
age,our * Religious madnc(Ic,as c dieter ah calls it, Religiofam infantamSo 5 si m Intmi 
manyprofefl'ed Chi iftians, yet fo few imitators of Cbrifi, fomuch talfceof 
Religion,fo much knowledge, fo little practife, fuch variety of Sects, fuch Ifjivmcftlm 

heaue & hold of all fides, j ebvU fights. Sign* &c t interna hove* 

fuch abfurd & ridiculous traditions and .ceremonies. Ifhec fhould meetca 
Cdpucntne, a Francifcdu, a lcfttite> a fhatied-cro wned Monkc in his robes, a *>iii*fMit 5 «* 
begging Frier, or fee their three- crowned foueraigne Lord the Pope.poorc ^mI"'"*^* 
Peters SucccQor^fervus fervorum dei y \o depofe kings with his foor,to tread rt*tnficim" 
on Emperours necks,make them ftand bare-foot & bare legged at his gates, fa- 
hold his bridle and ftirrup,&c. fOthatfV/cr & Faulwcrc aliue to fee this J 
Jf he fhould obferue a s Prince creep fo dcuoutly to kiflTc his toc,what wold dewm S- 
\izh)\c«hra/pfumpetttur fiultitia. Had hcoenct fomc of ourdeuout Pil- Z ettlj "> oblati$ ' 
grims going barefoot to Ierufdem^omejdht /ago,Saint Thomas shrines, ZTombmfki* 
to creep to thole counterfeit & maggot-eaten Reliques; hadhebinpreferit 
?' a Matte 3 & fcene thofe kifling of paxes,crucifixes,eringes, duckings, their 
feuerall attires & ceremonies 3 pidurcs of Saints 3 h Indulgences, Pardons, Vi- "^"mpl^'fL 
giIs,fafting/eafts,crofling,knocking, kneeling at \^dvem&ry bells, with ma- mM ru,mf 

libu t,qttu } rafuru, vnftlonibtHf cmitlkftiiiht, crticibid, mappu, cercis, tbkribuiis. mamtmhtt* txm^mksSu^kZ 

^ » Paying 

Democrttus to the Reader. 

24 praying in gibberiih,& mumbling of beads, had he heard an old woman fay 
her prayers in Latine, their fprinkling of holy-water, & going a proccfliori, 

t Tb.Ncaieor- , f incedunt momebornm dgmin* wiHe, 

**** Quid memorem vex'tUdfrnces^ idola% cult a $0. 

Their breviarie$,biils 3 hallo wed beanes,exorcifmes,pi<aures,curious erodes* 
fables & babies. Had he read the Golden Legend ,the Turkes Alcoran pi levees 
Tdlmud } thc Rabbi hcs Comments, what would hec haue thought.'' How doft 
thou thiuke would he haue becne afte&ed? Had hec more particularly exa- 
mined a lefttites life amongfl: the reft, he ffcould haue feen an hypocrite pro- 
feffe poucrty, 1 & yet poflefle more goods & lands then many Princes , to 
haue infinite treafurcs & revenewes, teach others to faft, & play the giuttos 
*Dumfimhnt themfelues: k Vow virginity, talke of hoiinen r e J & yet a notorious 
jMcrmfilTtri- bawd,& famous fornicator Jafcivum fecm t i$fxy goat: Monkcs by profefli- 
gjauamarttm on, fuch as gitic ouer the world, &.$e vanities ofit,& yet a AiarckUuiltan 
nTmmibra- rout 3 m inwwfed in all manner of ftate: holy men,peaccmakers,& yet com- 
mm annua. At- poftrd of envy,tuft,ambition 3 hatred,& mahce^rebrands^W*//* patrUpeflit, 
**Et m unm ' tnitOTS > Si ^ fi ^ ts f^ ac ttMrddaftrdlqpA this is to fupcr crogat e, & merit Hea- 
nrdu dTZut- l, en for themfclues & ethers.Had he feen on the other fide, fome of our nice 
u bquuti futitt & curious Schifntatickes in another extreame, abhorre all ceremonies, and 
^LnVaiun? rai herlofe their Hues &liuings, then doe or admit any thing they haue for- 
Ubottmttmm. mcrly done,though things indifferent; they alone are the true Church 3 fal 
i^rim t - t err *jum ftnt omnium infnljifimi. Formalifts,ready to embrace & maintain 
bit they faall a 'J cnat is^orfhali be propo{ed,in hope of preferment : Another Epicurean 
preuaiie no company, lying at lurch as fo many vultures, watching for a prey ©fChurch 
mSfcfhal g 00cls >& ready to rife by thedownfall of any: as «Zww»faid in like cafe, 
be knowne to what doft thou thinke Demecritm would haue done 5 had he bin fpe&ator of 
all men. thefe things? 

fwnfSlfre Or had he but obferued the common people folic w like fo many fheepe, 
wmcXiuumo$> oneofthcirfellowes drawncby the homes ouer a gap,fome for zea!e,fomc 
SSjTbI^. * or kzrcjuofecMfirapinempeJdvjcidyto dye before they will abiure any 
"Quidtibiv*. ofthofeceremonies,to which they haue bin accuftomcd, others out of hy- 
itmfitiurm pocrifie frequent Sermons, knock their biefts, turnc vp their eyes, pretend 
^m^TdLr zeale,defirc reformation^ yet profefTed vfurers, gripers, rnonfters of men, 
tomigifet i harpyes,diucls,in their Hues to expreffc nothing IciTe. 

]^ikZZm What W0l,!d hc hauc faid t0 tefc™ y and read fo many bloody battles, 
vttai Mom, fb many thoufands flaine at once, Vnius ch noxxm furi&f^ without any iuft 

VVmamdi. Wufe ' t/^"*''''^™ wench.orfuihlike^ 

tulam. velquod tu fie one mdnsfrtudtJpleenepp i dmbttton i smarice^ &c ..proper men,carcful- 
l^it '"atof* I.V brought vp,able both in body & mind, found, led like fo many P beafts to 

quod en pi eo do- 

theflaughterinthe flowre of their yeares, pride and full ftrenqth, with- 
™*™*> W * onr a ^ remorfe 8i pity,as it were 5 fkririccd to Pluto fo many fheep, 40000 
*>cead>>&c. at OI)CC , At once, faid ],that were tollerablejbut thefe warres laft alwaycs & 

for many ages, nothing fo familiar as this hacking & hewing^aflacrcs 
*Mu4ter or- m»rders,defo!ations.The a fiegeofr^ t | ler g 
mt>U>.u*H died 870009 C7rwww, ^70006 Tr^/,at the taking of the City, andafter 


Vemocritus to the Reader. 

were flain 276000 men J womcn 5 & children of all forts. Cafar killed a milli- 2 5 
on, b Mahvmet the 2 Turke 300000 perfons.Our c Edward the 4 th was in 26 b / w '« 
battels a foot; or as they doe all.he glories in it, 'tis related to his honour. At T^ m - mem<> 
theficgeofO/7^Cthediuels Academyjapooretownein refped, a frnall 
Fert 120000 thotifand men loft their liues.belides whole Towne?,Dorpes^ 
& hofpitals/ull of maimed menj there were engines 3 fireworkes 5 & whatfo* 
euerthediuellcouldinventtodoemifchiefevvith,25oocooironbullctsfhoc ■ ■ 
of 4c 1 waigbtjthree or foure millions of gold confumed. d who ( faith mine ^^fojimJ 
Author^/? be fafficiently amazed at their flinty hearts fibftinacy^furyjblmd^ fol.23. 
neffeyvho without any likely hood of gad fuceeffe, hazard poore fouldiers, and 
lead i hem without pitty to the (laughter , which may iuftly bee called the rage ef 
fur tow beajlsfbat run without reafon vpon their owne deatbes.Whcn Rhodes 
was beficged, e foff<t urbis cadaver ibm reflet* funt y the ditches were full of f ^ //J " 
dead carcafTes 5 and as when the faid Solyman great T ftrke befleged Vienna, \ Lwm. 
they lay leuell with the top of the walls. This they make a fport of, &will q * M ^$ji 
doc it to their friends c^coofederats^gainft othcSjVowes,promifes 5 by trea- %fm*mxilm 

chery or othcrwife, • . dolus an virtt*s Iquis in hoOe requ/rat} mic^m^c, 

leagues & lawes of armes^ f (dent leges inter arma){ox their advantage, to fa- 

tishe their luft & fpleene,they care not what they attempt/ay^rdoe, mctUiiitut. 

g Rara fides, prcbitaf%virzs qui caflra feq&antHr. "°? !ll " s W"b 

Nothing fo common as to hare S Father fight againfi the fe/sne , brother a- mtumSaSSi 
gain ft brother ,kin\ f man again ft kinfman jewgdome again ft kingd.ome,Prouince faium- 
gg^infl Prouince^Chriftians againft Chriftiam^ aquibttt ncc vnquamcogitati- 
enefuerunt Ufi, of whom they ncner had offence in thought, word or deed: f*wBcUw* 
Jnfmite treafures confumed,townes burned, flonrifning cities facked & rui- W****^.' 
natcd,goodly countries depopulated & left defolatc, old inhabitants expel- 
Jed,trade & traffick decayed 3 m aides deflowrcd,&c. Et quieqnid gauAens fee- Gaiimm d»~ 
lere animus audet , & perver(amens$w\\ t^r/«/y,andwhatfbeuer torment, ^utfaim' 
mfferyjiiiifchief, hell it felfe,thc dwell, f fury, and rage can invent, to their zuttfZTle 
own ruinc and dcftru&ion; fo abominable a thing is warre,as Gerbelius con- 
cfades.adeofieda&abomf'nanda res eft helium, exquohominum cardes^aftati^fmt.Kmerm 
tneSy&Mad Demotritm bin prcfent at thofe late ciuill warres in Frances 1 Gpiwi. vt 
* wherein leffe then tntenneyeares, tenne hundred thon(and men were coufu* ****** m * tx 'r 
we J, faith Coll/gains, 20 thoufand Churches ouerthrcvvne 5 or at our lace retur crutkMt*. 
pharfalian fields in the time of Henry the fixt, .betwixt the houfes of Lama- tm \ & ba ' b *- 
jier & Tirhjin hundred thoufand men (lain/ one faith* « another,ten thou- ^S£& 
fand families were rooted omjhat no man can but marueHfikh Comineus at nes e "dem fub barbarous immanityferattmadneffe^^cowmittedbetwixt men of the (ame c f° ?M/< " 3<? ^~ 
nationjanguageand religion* Quis furor 6 cives? 'why doe the Gentiles fo fu. [mj^ni& 
rioufly r^faith the Prophet D*uid t pfal.2.i. But we may aske .why doe the omexer ^ a ' 
Chriftiaas fo ftirioufly rage? 

| A rma volunt, quare pofcunt, raptuut^ Iuventus} t Vugs 

Vnfit for Gentiles,much lelTe for vs fo to tyrannize' , as the Spaniard in the cuaJln^ 
Eaft Indies, that killed vp in 42 yeares (if we may belecue * Bartholomew a wundr e . eyC " 
Cafa their own Bifhop) 12 Millions of men, with ftupend & exquifite tor- yR «^itfw- 
ments; neither fhould J ly (faid he; if I faid 50 Millions. I omit thofe French ^l^d^ 
Maftacrcs,.y/V///*# Etienfongs 3 T the Duke of Alva* tyrannies,our gunpow- 
dcr machinations,* thai fourth f»ry,as * one calls it, the Spantfb Jaauificio, ^ fuiS 

d 3 which 

Democritus to the Reader. 

26 which quite ©bfcurcs thofc tenne perfecucions 5 

* virg&etrt *~ * fevit t9to Mars impius trie, 

■ lMfenm.GaU Js not this * Mundut fer/fifut,* mad world, as he te«*rmes it, infauum Vellum} 
^tomimimt W0M ^ this,thinkcyou,haue info rccd our Democrittu to laughter, or racher 
fu^inftjftk jhaue made him turne his tune, alter his tone, and weep with t Hcraclttus^ 
nbn. or rather howle, roarc, 3nd tcarc his haire in coramiferation, or itand a- 
tfaus t MridtMt mazc ^5 or as tnc Poets fainc,that Nitbe was for gricfc quite fiupified & cur- 
z>:mcntiti. ned to a ftone? I haue not yet faid the worft, That which is more absurd and 

* cur* leva i»- c JTjac | In their tumults .fcditions.ciuill and vniuft warres. t wd (lultc faiti* 

qiMittur, mien- . . A -.«, * . . 9 r . r 2 J J . 

usfiufm. pit*rfmptegerttnrj*/{erc pwtur, iuch warres J meanc, for all are not to be 
c Ama. mem condcmtted,2Bd valour is much to be commended in a wife man, but they 
t»!!kim£m£ mo ^ ^^firre^rucidgre/apere/aljjs ncminib/Hvirtutem vtcant 

lErormt. ' C^«('Twas Galgacm ©bferuationin Tacitus) they call theft 3 murdcr, and ra- 
f^iffMiT' P inc ^ vertuc i b y a wrongnamc 5 &c. d They cwmwlj cali tl,e weft kairebrainc 
t'ZXXfi- Motdfuckers, flnugef thecuesfbe »9jf defter Ate viUinesfre&chereus regucs , 
wos baberi 'pn- inhumane m*rderers 3 rafh,cruek*and ilijftlnte cafiffes^ ccuraghus andgenerous 
faTZtftfS foritsjnrcicag & wrthy cap/aines, « brauemen at armespali&nt tad renew- 
be* , bmi nedfcHldiersjelfejfcdmth a brute perfivafan »ff*lfe foumr, as Pdntus Huter 
Mj*fi" a <" in his Burgundiau Hiftory corasplaines. i^tlex asder was forry, becaufe there 
™eahmt Htf- wcrc no 0606 Worlds for him to conqucre, he is admired by fome for it , a- 
fus. qmbui om~ nimtfavex videtur,& regit, 'twas fpoken like a Prince* but as wife f Seneca 
fUet'wuT cenfureshim;twas vox iniquifima & finltifiwa, 'twas fpoken like a foole 5 
iuvatntf m-te, a«d that fcntcnce which the fame * Seneca appropriates to his father Philip 

"utMvt'in an<1 apf>1 ^ t0 thcm ^> N '* wimres fare ? e fa s mortalium^uam inn** 
*£TnT$M- ^th t quamc9nJUgrati9 t quibus&c. they did as much mifchiefe to mortal! 
veritMrmU. i»CH,as fire and water,thofc mercilelTc elements when they rage/ And that 
txlSmql which is more t© bee lamented, they pcrfwadc them, that by thefe bloody 
inprJip aci- Warres,as f Per/tans of old, as moderae Turkes doe their Commons, to in- 
dftm.Brifomui courage them to fight, «t caddttt infielkit}r t Ifthcyhein themjhey g*e du 
»7fih4jT remyHbeAue»,A»A$rfbecA*iniz,edf9r$ii»ts^ and fo thcypat a uotcof 
Mm Ammknui f diuimtj the mo ft ctueB. a*dfer*/ei9us fhgue ef huntAne kinder adore 

fuG h I"'? With 8?°^ tid r eS> { C & ccs ' ftatucs ' J^S"* *^nour, applaud 
filus be*tHi«}ud and highly reward them for their good fcruice^ no greater glory then to die 
e<n,qni iuprmiio in the field: as ^dfrieAnns is extolled by Enmus-^ Mars and ^ Hercules & 
ivTbZT"' 1 kno * B0t how mai, y «ft>W,wcnt this way to Hcauen,that were in. 
&.xxap.u deed bloody butchers, destroyers and tr©ublers of the World, prodigious 
•Mir. qntfUib. monfters,hellhounds,fcrall plagues, dcuourcrs, common executioners of 
' Boicmt Am- humane LaBantius truely proucs, and Cyprian to Deuat* Madet 


««. monrters,neiinouncis, tcraJI plagues, ticuourers, common «xccution?ri 
* Vot'crus Am- h«manc LaBantius truely proucs, and Cyprian to Deuat* Madet 9, 
fhitridiea. bis mutu9 janguint^yXhc earth wallowes in her own blood 

ttda &fingm- and for that, which if it be done i« priuat.a man (ball bee ti«oroufly execu 

fim In calm ** ™*rres , // u called mankocd^ and the farty U honour e a f9rit. 

fuunr.ufomi. " *fr§fter*M &f*ltxfcelHs 

Vf«HU. vhHwctHT- we raeafureall as T»r*« doe 

f Ctutntm ba- 


Democritus to the reader. 

by thceucnt.and moft part,as Cyprian notcsjn all ages } countries,p]aces./e~ ^ 
nit id magmtuio impunitatem fctleris ^ the foulneflc of the fact, vin- 
dicates the offender. k One is crowned for that which another is tormented: k J«m. 

Me cruoem feeler id precium tulttjoic diadem a % 
made a Knight, a Lord, an Earlc, a great Duke (as l Agrippa notes) for l e Devamt -f ci ' 
which another fhould hauc hung in gibbets,as a terror to the reft, nemu^7 

t & t^men alter ^ t feve*. s*m« 

Sifeciffet idem caderet fub iudice morum. 
A poore fheep-ftealcr is hanged for Healing of victuals , compelled perad- 
venture by neceflity of that intollerable cold, hunger and faue him- 
felfe from flaming: but a m great man in om*ce,may fecurelv rcb whole pro- m fjf? ra!)tt 
uinces,vndoe thoufands,piU and poIe/>pprefle<d flea. grind,tyran- liquit.TuVfii* 
nizc,inrich bimfelfeby fpoylcs of thccommoriS;bc vncontrollable in all his 
a<5tions,and after all,berccompenced with turgent titles , honoured for his [™ "chcV^ 
good fcr uice.and no man dare fiad fault ,or n mutter at it. io\djkxaitd& 

How would our Democritus haue bin affected, to lee a wicked caitiffe, or 
ofoole.a very idiot. a funge t a monfler ofmanjo haue many g'od men y wfe men, ■tife^c.JE^. 
/earned men to Attend vpon him wit b all fubmifion^as an Appendix to hu riches, ° impobum & 
for tmtrtf?ect alone, becaufe he hath more wealth and mony, P and to hs nor him t f^,f[ t J* 
with diuine titles \wd bumbafi Epithets, to fmothct him with fumes and cu- wivim mfcr- 
logics,whom they know to beadizard, afoole, acouetous^vretch > 5cC. be- bate; te, 
aufe he is ricb.l o fee fub exuvp /eon id onagrum, a filthy lothfomccarcaffe^a '^ lwd ^mthh 
Gorgons head puffed vp by parafites,aiTume this vnto himfclf, glorious titles, jjp aurmum 
in worth an infant,a Cuman aflc,a painted fepukhrCjan t^gyptiax temple. ^'[^ at ' <m 
To fee a withered face.adifeafcd^formcdjCankrcdcompIcxionja viperous fen^h^-ad- 
mind,and Epicurean foule (et out with Orient pearlcs,lewclsjdiadems,per- ^mm^r.u- 
fumes,curious elaborate workes, as proud of his cloat hes, as a childe of his mZ'f^'**'' 
new coatcs-, & a goodly perfon of an Angclick diuine countenance^ Saint, p Eor m'q,dt- 
an humble mindja mceke fpiritcloathed in ragges,beg,andnow ready to be ''fS^f?' 
ftjiv.ed.^o fee a iilly contemptible flouen in apparell,ragged in hiscoat,po- ^JivlmT/. 
lite in fpcech,ofa diuine fpirit,wife: another neat in cloathes^pruce/uli of wimpe*. 
curtcfie^cmpty of grace,wit,talkc non-fenfe. T/&7vmf' 

To fee fo many Lawyers, Advocates, Tribunal litium fegetem, aLaby- a^fcun; 3 non 
rinth,fo many thou fand Sutes in one Court fonietimes,fo violently follow- "frfm 
cd.To kciniufUfimumfepe iuriprajidentcm , impiumreligionifimperitifii- ^Z%lddites 
mum erudittoniftiofiftmum labor i,m on jfrofum humanitati. To fee H a Lamb fit dm lib.%. 
^xecuted.a VVolfc pronounce fentence, latro arraigned, and fur fit on the Mt^frtn 
bench jthc'ludgefeucrelv pumfhothcrs,anddoe worfehimfelfe, f eundem u%'S'ulJ™t* 
fur turn facer e & f>unire y *rapinam p letter e,qmm fit ipfe raptor.Lawcs al tercd, reat fi l «ut»t. 
mifco.iitrcd, interpreted prezndcon, as the 4 Judge is made by friendsjibri- ^l^wdmui 
bcd,orothcrwifcaffected,as anofeofwaxe,goodtoday>none to morrow: oper'atkr. 
orfomcinhisopinion,caftinhis. Sentence prolonged,changed adarbitri- \ s ^!^^ 
urn /tfdfcitftiWtht famecafe, f one thrufi out of his inherit ar/ce, 'another falfely jjeproviden.' 
put 1:2 by fauour \falfe forged deeds or wils./ncife leges negliguntur.hwcs made ' E jg<> 
and not kept*, or if put in cxccntion^thcy be fome filly ones that are puniflv ^^jf^." 
cd.Asputcafeitbcfornicatio 3 the father will difinherit or abdicate his child, tmim. Qwd 

fa'c'iant leges H- 

b\ fola pecitnh TtiM. Idem. f Hie mtntur h*rcdtutibui liberi, bkdonatm btmisalienps, fdfum confalit alter, tejiamntum c«r» 
rm}*t,&:. Jdem. ' Vtxat stnjura (otmbas, 


Vemocritus to the Reader. 

s$ quite cafaecre him foutvillaine, be gone, come no more in my fight; a 
poore man is mifcrably tormented with lofle of his eftatc perhaps, goods, 
fbrtuncsjgood name, for euer difgraced, f orfaken, and muft doe pennancc 
to the vtmoft,and yet make the worft of ir, nunquid ahudfecit^ faith Tr*»/# 
Um mM in the j Poet^ quodfaciuntfummtsnatigenertbw, he hath done no more 
' then what Gentlemen vfually doe. 

* ? dtm * * Ne% xovumjtej; mirum % ne^ (ecus qtfam alijfilent. 

tor in a great perion 'tis no offence at aU,a common and ordinary thing.n© 
man takes notice of itj he iuftifies it in pubhke/and peradventure bragges of 
tfrvm.&M. n * ^ Nam quod tttrpe bom ^T/tio.Ser/p^decebat 

"Quod 'm [ml Crijpinum' u Many poore men, 

fures& mendi- y 0n ger brothers 5 & reafon ofbad policy 5 and idle education,arc compel- 
led to begge or ftcale,andthen hanged for theft 5 then which, what can bee 
qui mdmrni- more ignominious,*?** mtnus enim turpe priMtpimultafupplicia, quam we* 
ml^SL d* co m "tta the gouernors fault. Ltbent/us verberant quam docent > 
pubs itbtnim _ as Schoolemaftersdoe, rather correct their pupills, then teach them whea 
downturn* C ^' c y ^ oe am ^ e - x They had more need pr wide there fbould bee no more theeaes 
Vto? i. 1 . *md beggars ,04 they ought with good policy ^and take away the occajions^ then let 

* Deccrnimtur themrunne on^as they doe \to their deftruiliort, And root out likewife thofc 
%lrMil}uffi- caufes ofwrangling.a multitude of Lawycrs,and compofe controuerfies by 
ehfluumpotim forae more compendious mcanes. Whereas now for euery toy 2nd triffle 
froviA mkm fa ~ QZ tQ j aw ▼ Mug-it lit ib tit infanum forum,dr ftvit invicem dtfeordan. 
fan finite cm- tl( * m rabtes 7 thcy are ready to pull out one anotners throats, fxiorcommo- 
yum tam d rx dity z to fquife blood , faith Hierom y out of their brotUrs heart, defame, lye,dif- 
emdffitmcejfi. g^cCjbackbite^ailCjbcare falfe wimes,fwearc and forfwcare, fight & wran- 
tM.idm. gle,fpend their goodsJiueSjfortuneSjfricndSjVndoe one another, to enrich 
\ummvrb 811 ^ ar Py Advocate, that preyes vpon them both,and cryes Eia Socrates fiia 

Xantippe- % oi forae corrupt Judge,that like the Kite inrxE/^while the Mous 
*[E fratern9 and Frog fought,carricd both away.Generally they prey one vpoi? another 
C tik\lTf mm as *° man y raucnous birds 3 brutcbeafts,dcuouring Fifties, no medium^ *> cm- 

* sui'vus xes hie ant captantur^aut captant t aut cadaver a qu<e lacerantur^ut corvi qui la* 

"parttius de f * ri *'» c ' tncr ^ eceulc > or D ^ pieces theav 

Cro'onciuitatc fclues. What s the market? a place according to \Anacharfis } \!vhttzm they 
1 Quid forum* cozen one another.Nay,what's the world it felfe?* a vaft chaos ^ a confufion 
l liiumck?kZ °^ mann crs,as fickle as the Aircitfclfcja turbulent troup full of impurities,a 
wnit.> mart of walking fpirits, goblins, the theatre of hypocrifie, afhopofknaue- 
t^Urmwm' v yfi mcT y* 2 nl, rf cr y ofvillany,thc fcene of babling, the fchoole of giddines, 


the Academy of vice, a warfare, vbivelis nolis pugnandum , ant vincas i 
mm hypocrifi- aut fuccumbas^ in which kill, orbcckill'dj wherein euery man is for him- 
"tcmcaiHm, ^ c > *° r his °. wnc cn ^ s ' and ftandsvponhis owneguard. No charity, 
no iufiur.vt- c louc 5 friendfhip } feare of Godjalliancejaffinity.confanguinity, Chriftianity 
ju^nem lo- can C ontaine them, but if they be any waies offended, or that firing of com 
Zitjdmm a- ™°dity be touched they fall fovvle. Old friends become bitter enimics on a 
peuisocuiis bo. fudden,for toyes and fm all offences, and they that crft were willing to doe 
Tm.?mmh» ^ Imu f uallomceso ^ oucandkindncffc > now one ano- 

ther to death,with more then ratinian hatred,and will not bee reconciled. 
So long as they are bchoucfulI,they louc or may befteedeach other buc 
When there is no more good to be cxpcded 3 as they doc by anolddoggc 


Vemocritus to the (Reader. 

hang him vp or caffeire hinij infteed ofrccompence,revile him,& when they 29 
hauemadehiman inftrumentofitheir villany, ast Sauza 2.Emperourof 
the Turkes ? did by Acomethes Btjfa y m&& him away . In a word , cuery man 
for his ownc ends: ouxfummum bonum is commodity,and the GoddefTe we ^ ? XVwk;^ 
adore is he a fl»M»rf4,Quecne Monv 3 to whom we daily offer facrifice, which p* aiha^nw 
fteeresourhearts,hands/Un°ec"tions 3 all: that moftpowerfull GoddefTe ,by | ^^ ffe(ri > 
whom we arc rearcd,depreiTed,eleuatcd 5 c efteemcd 3 tbc foie commandrcflc vy c r ^ es qK & 
of our adtions,for which we prayjunuejridejgoe^ome.labour, 6c contend pmma. sairf. 
as fillies doe for a erurrime that falleth into the water. It is not worth, wif- vX&&cmtt& 
domc 3 learning honefty>religion,or anyfufheiency for which we are refpe» & e . 
died 'nut 5 mony.honcfty is accounted follytknauery, oollicv : k men admi- ' Rt i enm & » 
leaoiKoropinion/iotasthcy are 3 butastney lcernerobe;iucn irmting,<y- ^ ma imat. 
ing, cogging, plotting, counterplotting, flattering, cofening, disenabling, ^gumum 
* t'tAt of nccepty one ?nafl highly offend Godif he be conformable to the rvorld^ JjJSfiroS'" 
Cretizare cam Crete \pr elje Hut in contempt y dif?race , indmifery. One takes is m& Tantum 
vpon biro temperance^holinelTejanother auftcrity , a third an affected kmde f/trV 
of fimplicity,when as indeed he.and he,and he, and the reft are k hypocrites, t ;^ c c f a l c!L~ 
ambodexterspmRdcsl like fo many turning pictures, a lion on the one fide, tu.'&yui£i vo- 
a lambe on the other. How would Democrittu hauebeene affected to fee SJjj^^ 

thefc things? dra,l*Jcconf, 

To fee a man turnehimfclfe into all lhapeslike a Camelion ,or as Prott- 1 v «' mAla 
us, Omni a iramformAns Jefe in miracuU rerum ,to act twenty parts at once, na i, iao Mena' 
for his aduantage,to temporize and vary like Mer cury the planet,good with tor.vt 
good,bad with thebadj of all rcligions 3 humours,inclinations, to favvne like ^J'^^S 
a ipanieijrage like a Lion,barke like a Curre 3 fight like a Dragon , fting like Snbui con- 
a Serpcnt 3 as meekeas a Lambe,an«l yet againc gnone like a Tigre, weep like tmmMxms 
a Crocodile, infuk ouer others, and yet others infult oucr him , here com* K^^j^ 
mand,therecrouch;tyrannize in one place,be baffled in another 3 a wife man mubnt &b*c* 
at he me 3 a foole abroad to make others merry, 

To fee fo much difference betwixt words and dcedsjfo many parafanges J/^fcT 
betwlxc tongue & heart, men like fhge players act other mens parts, fgiue tauru, furfum 
good precepts to others 3 to fore aloft, whilft they thcmfclues grouel on the y ^ i:n ^- 
ground. \ Twl'ptufu- 

To fee a man proteft friendihip 3 kiffe his haad , j quern ma'det trumatttm « tcdm 
W^r^ m fmile with an intent to dee mifchicfe ? or cofen him whom heefa. ^^jfju 
luces, n magnifie his friend vnworthy with hypetbolicallelogiums, his enc- tmtA villa 
mv albeit a sood vilifie and diferace him,andalihis acl;ions,vvith the , 
vtmolt huor and malice can inuent. l m An ^ m 

To fee a * feruant able to buy out his mafter , him that carries the mace ^« wj**** 
more worth then the MapiftratCAvhich Plato L j /. de le<?. abfolu telv forbids a fj hndm f 
EpiiletiM abhorrcs. An norle that tils the \ land led with chafre 3 an idle iade 
Iiaueprouer.der in abundance 3 him that makes (hoocsgoe barefoot him- n toue 3n * 
felfCjliim that fels meat almoft pined^a toyling drudge ftarue 3 a drone ftorilh. a/J^ € ^ 

To fee men buy (moke for wares, caftics built with foolcs heads,mcn like of a pcrfpec- 
apes follow thefafhions,in tireSjgefturcs,acl:ions.' if the king laugh ? al laugh. ^ sj^> 
Alexander ftouped,fo did all hisCourtiers. K^ilphonjus turned his hcad 3 & p fi e s, the o- 

tiicr makw^i 

things leflc. * Mhuflri locuplet'mes yiqmbus mnilitatur^feruut tna'wft opes habens quavt pationm. \ gha^ terram cohnf 
tq*i palsu pafcMurfiuiot'mtur c*»*Ui mum fi£;Mntur,dtfulcc<it)n difcmit qui ca!ccs alusfacit. o Bodinelib.^deTepukcff..^ 

e fo 

Vemocrttus to tbt%taitr. 

30 fo did all his parafitcs. \ Sab ins Poffea^ 7{eroes wife , wore amber -colourd 
piW ^ hairc,fo did all the £o w** Ladies in an inftant t her fafhion was theirs. 
\ap™%iUoi To fee men wholy led by affe&ioividmircd and cenfured out of opinion 
babuit fuccine- without iudgement: an inconlideratc multitude, like fo many dogges in a 
vumeUueiil Village,if one barkcallbarke without a caufe; as fortunes fanne turnes , if a 
Roman* cofai man be in fauour,or commended by fome great raan,all the woild applauds 
% nnt ^ dU ' ^ im 5° i^difgrace,inaninftantall hate him. 

• o'dt dmna- To fee a man P wearehisbraines in hisbelly 5 his guts in his head, anhnn- 
tos.juv. drcth Oakes on his back,to deuoure an hundred Oxen at a meale, nay more, 
lub^vfo ro devoure hou fes,or as thofe Antkr*j)ofbagt<i to eat one another. 
Ttmunbrum To fee a man rowle himfclfc vp like a fnoweballjfrombafebeg^ery, to 
tftmventre, in- ^gj^ wor fhjpf u n a nd right honourable titles 5 iniuftly to (crew himfelfe into 
*u. mm **** honoui s and offices; another to ftarue his GeniM^ damne his fbule to gather 
PfalThej weakh,which he (hall not cnioy, 1 which his prodigallfonnc melts and con- 
J"7»7e a a°. tomes in an inftant. 

» Abimtth*- To fee the w^xUrof our times, a man bend all his forccs,mcancs,time, 
n^fewata 1 ' ^ ortuacs to DCC a fauorites, fauorites/auoritc, &c.a parafitcs,parafitcs,para- 
ttntumchvi- fite 3 that may fcorue the feruile world, as bailing enough already. 

mero di- To fee a Schollcr crouch and creepe to an illiterate pefant for a meales 
veHtum/uperh meat. A Scriuener better paid for an Obligation; a Faulkner receaue better 
fnnuficum'poti- wages then a Student; a Lawyer get more in a day then a Philofopher in a 
7£Ja**j|5£ yeare.better rewarded for an houre , then a Scholler for a yeares ftudy ; him 
teilcHHsn *' ln2 K can f paint Thais ,play on a fiddlc 3 curlc hairc,&c.fooner get preferment 
t Tb:4dm then a Philologer or a Poet. 

To fee a fond mother like vSfyes Ape,hugge her child to death , a f wit- 
tr'mes! ' tall winke at his wiues honcfty , and too perfpicacious in all other affaires; 
1* TuOmtf e- onc ft lJm bl c at a ftrawc,and lcape ouer a block;Rob Peter and pay Pau/ficn- 
filfaZm ny wife, pound fooli(b;blind men iudgcofcolours; wife men {llent, fools 
cermcvma.ob- talke; c finde fault with others and doe worfe himfelfe; tdenouncc that in 

*uimlr4\w» Polite which hec doth in fecret 5 & which ^melius vittor giues out of 
chartiemapud guJI us, tenet ely cenfure that in a third of which he is moft guilty himfelfe. 

lil^Z'°«< . To fcc wifc mcn dc l radcd > foolcs preferred , 00c gouerne Townes and 
iufdmefeputo, Citties,& yet a filly woman ouer-rules him at home; command a Province, 
&c . and yet his owne fcruants or children prefcribe lawes to him,as ThemijlocUs 

iTqZZt- r ° nnc dicl in Gr ""> t whit Iwtifhith he)mj met her will^ what my mother 
teagat SahUf will my father doth. To fee horfesridcin acoach 5 mendrawit;dogs devoure 
mavkifZ' their mafters > Towrcs build Mafons; Children rule-, old men goc to fchoo!- 
tovitpjviL women weare the breeches;" (heepe demolifti townes s dcuoure mcn,&c! 
ipfi vchememer And in a word,the world turned vpGde downeward. O viveret Bemoclitm ' 
^m%kgei * To infift in cucr ? P articuIar werc onc °f Hercules labours , there s fo many 

for at vixfamu- 

ridiculous inftances 3 as motes in the Sunnc. Quantum eflin rehminAne> and 
im :^dom Can ^P ea ^ c o^W CwM* g *b vno D*fi' emnes , take this for a tafte. 
l^uTey But thefe arc obuious to fenfe , triuiall and well knowne, eaf?2 to bee dif- 
vale h c vult cerncd. How would Democritm hauc beene moued , had hee (cene y the fe 
"uldZZtuU crcts of their hearts? Jfeuery man had a window in hisbreft ,,which Mmm 

facii pater. 

« Owalmmtt pecuspune tmtndomtum &edax vt famines deture*t,oppidd diruaHt,&c Moyua Vtop Ub t * Thverf 

fit tribmt mtura furores. J Vtmotritjtp prtdJiosdeierantes & potttntes dep>-ekenderetj)»s vommcsjlt .t Ittrramet in&H * «r" 


Dmotritus to the Reader, 

Would hauc had in Vuluns man,or that which TuQjfo much wifht , it were 3 1 
Written on cucry mans forehead , quid rep ub.fentzret , wnathee ? AAvormtim 
thought , or that it could bee effected in an inftant , which Mercury did by cp i.izop 
Charonin Luzianhs touching of his make himdifcerne lemel eJrfi- Hj* ?*^* & 

■ r / 3 1 J J luhlm comitit- 

mulrumeres & (ufurrcs, tum.&c.' 

Spes hom'mum ctcasjKorbos quotum labores, * tikx.di tap* 

Et pafim Uio volit antes atbere cur as, 

Blind hopes and wifhcs,their thoughts and affaires, 

Whifpcrs and rumourSj and thofe flying cares. tmith* 1 * ' 

That he could cubiculorum tbkuclas fores recludtre , & fecret.t cordium pene mt £ ; , 
/rar^which T Cyprian dcfircd 5 open dooresand lockes^fhcot boUs^s Lnci* * oi>r>.crcon. 
am Giilm did with a feather of his raile: or Gyges inuifiblering , or ferae tare JSfeS^ 
pcrfpccliueglafle 5 or Otacoufticon, which might fo multiply ^r/Vf, that a &c'muUos di 
man might hcarc and fee all at once, ('as * MartUntu Capettds Jupiter c id in J,t P ,ter ar '' n - 
a fpeare, which he held h his hand,which did reprefent vnto him al thai was tl efhtrXmn- 
dayly done vpon the face of the earth jobferue Cuckolds homes, forgeries tur$i$mi una 
of Alcumifts.thcPhilofophcrs ftone, frc.and all thofe workes ofdarknefle, f^Z™* 
foolifh vowes,hopes 5 feares, and wifhes, what a deale of latigbrer would it tk mmm ton- 
haue afforded? He fhouldh^ue feene windmills in one mans head, an Hor- 
nets neaft in anothcr.Or had he beenc prcfent wiih Icaromentpptu in Lueian %?£t£^ 
ztlupiters whifpering place, 2 and had heard one pray for raine,another for **rmt, Scnec, 
faire weather^one for his wiues, another for his fathers death, &c. To ask^j T l g °J' 1 ' 
that at Gads hands jeehicb they are abajhedany manfjjouldbeare : How would mib'L qu i*- 
he haue beene confounded? W ould hc,thinke you , or any man elfe fay chat l cm!t - 
thefemen were well in their wits? f 7 !'^ w . 

H<ec fani ejfe hominti quis /anted iuret Orepft Can all the Hellebor AW ■ 
in the ^dnticyr* cure thefe men? No fure,4» akre »f Hellebor wiUnot doe it. *££**t 

That which is more to be lamented , they arc mad like Seneca s blind wo- fas^wajt 
manjand will not acknowledge it,or b feeke for any cure ofit. c Jf our legge tiW ? m ' irt a ' A ' 
or arme offend vs,we couet by al mcancs polfible to redrefTe it, d and if wee V^ZIm* 
labour of a bodily difeafe we fend for a Phyfitian,but for the difeafes of the nmaw 
mindc.we take no notice of them: luft harrowes vs on the one fide, envy,an- h * e . m hid '' e ' 
gc^ambitionjOn the other: Wee are torne in peeces by our paflions , as fo ZlmT 
many wild horfcs,one in difpofition,another in habite, one is melancholy, a sicapm. cm 
another ma J, e and which of vs all feekes for helpe.or doth acknowledge his dulctl b , uchinm 
errour 3 or knowes he is ficke ? Every man thinkes with himfclfe , egomet vz, m '&ftnm^ii 
dcor mihiftnus,] am well J am wife, andlaughes at others- And 'tis a <*ene- &ho*efle f 
rail fault amongftvs all, that f which our fore fathers haueapproued diet if et,m liid *- 
apparelljOpinions 5 humours ) cultomcs ) manncrs i wc deride and rcied in our mwbu pevere- 
time as abfurd,g old men account luniors all fooles,when as thev are mecre tur loh vdet ' m 

dizards,andastofaylers ■ tcrrx^vrbefarecedunt theymoue, 

the land ftands flill 3 the wotld hath much more wit , they dote themfelnes. ****a Clira - 
r//r^der;devs,vvethem 5 /^//^ > Fr^^ J accou MfiSffo 
ded fellowes, the French fcoffe againe at Italians atall their feuerall cu- qmcom* m 
ikomzifireeks hauc condemned al the world but themfelucs olBarbarifme^ ?e ^ 5 mtdx ™* 
the world as much vilifies them now. We account Germanes heauy dulffcl- "wen™l£^ 

. , Ccai) ekfftu iHy 

&c. et noi tmtn tgros eife ntgtmwi. Incolumes mcdicwn reenfant. Vrtfm xiai ftultium triftit exproktt. luc.ttm de a l'b f 
t \Se*et froJinltis bubtni iuvtm.B<tLh*frr Cajlilit. 

c 2 lowes 

Demecritm to the reader. 

32 lowes,explode many of their fafhions 5 they as contemptibly thirkc o, vs; 
» cun-umn- Spanurds laughat all,and all againe at them. So are wee foolcs and r idica* 
fat m«L\m, lous,abfurd in ali oar adtions^arriages^dic^apparel^cuftomcs , and conlul- 
t 0rn »^^: rations; we h fcoffe and point one at another , whenas in conclufior? all arc 
wfaJrikS fo° - cs,**^ f tiny the veritft dffes that hide their cares mofi. A priuate man if 
tegnnt.sai.tAe' J le De [C [ \ U cA with htBQfelfe,oi fee of an opinion, accounts all idiots and afc 
*p»jper. *~ es tnat arc not an< c£ted as he is,fo minded,* quod^ vohnt homines /o> bene 
istaiim fipi- veil -'^0/4/9;, thatthinke not as hedoth,and fcornes all in re(pe& of himfelfe, 
mtftatimfii. i j :T) j tatc n one 5 heare none but k himfelfe 5 As Vltny faid,a Iaw,and exam? 
reyerenw »e- vnto himfelfe. And that which Hippocrates in his Epiflle to V:onyfitisje- 
wmem m'uan- prehended ofold,is verified in outximts QHifym aliofuperfiuum efit cenfet^ 
mpbm^fi 'Pf e 1 U9 ^ non hAbet net carat , that which hee hath not himfelfe or doth not 
1&8. eltecmcjhc accounts fuperfluity } an idle quality,ameere foppery in another, 

r ^f^'jf Cnine ff e % that we Etfr^^haueonceyejthey rhenafelucstwoyil the 

ne dejipe' C vi- 

world elfe is blind,fo thou and thy fe&aries are only wife, other indifferent, 
deatHt Ap if the reft befides themfelucs^eerc Idiots and Afles.Thus not acknowleging 
bttiSa Tori- 0l,r 0Wn,c errors,irnperfcclions,we fecurely deride all others, as if we alone 
mmqui inmr were free and fpedtators ofthc reft, accounting it an excellent thing, asin- 
fXtfll tn'o ^ ee£ ^ 1C Is: '^* e ** fi p** mum fruiinfania,to make ©ur felues merry with other 
€uL %p"ientum mens obliqnitics,when as he himfelfe is more faulty then the reft, mutato no- 
& Antrum mine de tefabuU narratttr hc may take himfelfe by the nofe for a foole , and 
qm fibi ftacet, wn j c h one ca j{ s maximum (lultitia freemen xo be ridiculous to others , and 
nudmimmur. not to perccaue or take nonce or it,tis his ©wnc caie, hee is a conui& madde 
m VUut "* Me ' man jas ^ufiin well inferres,/^ the eyes of wife men andAn^elis he feeme s like 
"Nuncfanita- t9 ^e that to cur thinking ^ rvalkes with hu heeles vpvpard. So thou laugh- 
tit patrocinium cftatme,and Iatthce,bothatathird 3 aad hereturncs that ofthePoctvpon 
t£senuT vs a § am * m He * mihiinftntre tncaittnt^uum ipfi vUroinfanianf?, We accufe 
fp; Kofch' others of madncfIe,of folly ,and are the verieft dizards our felues.Or elfe per- 
Amtrmo .& aduenture in fome places we arc n all mad for company , and fo'tis not feen 
mionfa™*- Tiswithvs,asitwasofold^intr«^r«cenfureatleafO with C.Fimbriain 
wJpmH4,mfiin- Romej, bold,harebraine,mad fellow,and fo cfteemed of all , fuch enly excep- 
tereos,quiipf f tc d t hat were as mad as himfelfe : now in fuch a cafe there is o noiiotire '£ 
« Ntufe eft ken 01 it. Ntmtrum tnjanm pAHcu vtdeAtur y eo qwd 
turn m[Menti' Maxima pars hominum morbo iaftxtur eodem. 

fiil U r r !L"!L whcn a11 arc madjwhere all are like oppreft, 

Te.roiw. Who can difcerne one mad man from the reft > 

! ^tr Fu £ P"*"* the y , doc P^rceiue it, & fome one be manifeftly convi Aof mad. 

tmedereverii, acknowledge as much: yet with all the Rhetoricke thou haft thou canftnot 
fiS-lT ^ orccalI , h ! m ' but to the contrary notwithftanding, he willperfcuerein his 
todinecpoffm dotage. Tis tniAbtUiMfim^&memtupttifimmerrnSoY^ 
f»/ufl» vt.iffe- ous^tha: he r cannot leaue it. Heknowcshiscrror,}bu:wjll not fee' 1 e rode 
T™%° V A clinc "V^hi* whari rhe enent will be, *eggcry,forrow,fickncuc.di fcrace* 
ben'e'omnes m- ftiamc^ofle^iJadnefle.yet ^ An angry man ^prtferre vengeance, a /afani(>»s 

i A m >r fa turn viulprtpnt haamdju vMiBm, fw fntdm, p^mgukm^mbitiofti bomesavAm 0M uSrc aiim* u , 


Democritus to the Reader. 

hi* whore, a theefe his booty glutton bis belly before hts welfare. Tell an Epi- 3 3 

curc,a couetous man,an ambitious man,©f his irregular coorfe , weinc him 

from it a little, pol me occidiflis amici,he cryes anon, you haue vndone him, oc 

as 1 a dog to his vomited returnes to it againe*, no perfwafion will take place, , p ^ ig . 

no counfcll,fay what thou canft, clames licet > ejr mare calo confundas, fur do 

**m*,dcmoDftrat as Vlyffcs&\& to u Elpcnor and Gryflus^ and the reft of his u Wutmb* 

companions,fl&^^ bee a ^es'Jk't'km 

hog ftill,bray him in a rnorter,he will be the fame. Jf he be in an hcrcfo, or XUmdr,i*ut. 
fome peruerfe opinton,fettlcd as foine of our ignorant Papifts are,convince 
his vnderftanding.fhew him the feuerall fo!lies,and abfurd fopoerics of that 
fa&ion.make him fay^ra T//#f*r,makc it as cleare as the fun, x hce vv ill erre 
fhlKpeeuifh & obftinate as he is; and as he faid 5 7 ft m hoc erro 7 libenter erro, ^tial'fi]^ 
net hu,?c error em auferri m'lhi volo; I will doe as ] haue doners my predecef /*« etit. 
fors haue done,'* and as my friends now doc: 1 will dote for company. Say Jj-wj* 
now,are thefc men a mad or no,are they ridiculous? «^ quemvisAyb'ttrum, )^, rfi c tUam 
are they fax* w^/«/ober,wife 5 & difcrcet?haue they common fcnfe? «w 

\vtcrefl infaniorhorumf f ?*£ht« U 

Lam of Democritus opinion for my parr,] hold them b worthy to be laugh t*ma«mmjm 
cd ar,a company of cijz.uds,as road as Orejles & ^thamas^hzt they may go m!l i li f a f ere 
rUetheJ/fcjpx all faile along to the Ant/eyrtjnxhcfb/p effio/es tot com- ^"nlZnkbe- 
pany to£»cther.t need not much labour to proue this which I fay,othcrwifc tie tlere. Petrcn. 
then thns,or make any folemne protcftation,or fweare, I think you will be J y^^g Xgm 
lecue me wiihoutm oath; fay at a vvord,arc they fooles? I referre it to you, ^ a »t tueri y m- 
though yon bee likcwife fooles and madmen your felucs, and I as madde to ^'if*^. 
a^ke the queftion$for what [aid our comicall Mercury y 

f Iuflttm ab iniuflis pet ere t?iftp:entia eft. j fhtttus, 

He ftand to your cenfurc yet,what thinkcyou ? 

Butforafmuch as 1 vndertook atfirft, that Kingdomes^rouinceSjFami- 
lies,vvere melancholy as well as priuat men,I will examine them in parties 
lar, & that which] haue hitherto dilated at randomc , in more generall 
t i mesjl Will now particularly infift in ; fproue with more fpeciall & cuidene 
ArgHments 3 Teftiinonies,llluftrations,c\:thatin briefe. 

c 7^ unc acctpe quare Defip'tant omnes <eque actu m c ^«*» 

My fi (i Argument is borrowed from Solomon, an arrow drawne out of his * ' ' 
SeMa\xioi]sq}u\er i Prov ) s./ t Benotw^feinthine0wneeyes J ^nd2<! f ij2. See ft a suptrbm 
thou d mxn wife in his ovone conceit \more hope is of a foole then of him. if Ay pro • fiu^Um print- 
nouncethawoeagainftfuchrnen, cap.;. 21. That Are wife in their ovone eyes, ^u-iit^ 
and prudent in their owne fight. Far hence we may gather, that it is a great tin, fxmjt*,& men arc much deceiued that thinke too well of themfelues, an e- ^^1'^ 
fpeciall Argument to convince them offolly.Many men ( kith * Seneca Jhad tes pnaimh 
beene with ut q^ ft ton wtfejoad they not had an opinion that they had attained fuijjent, fi fe m 
to perfection of knowledge already ,euen before tbey hadgone halfevoay. They had ^S^amlm 
too good a conceit of themfelues 3 & that marred all; of their Worth,Valor , penaift. 
Skill, ArtjLearningJudgrrentjEloquencGjthcir good parts, all their Geefc 
are Swanncs,& thac manifeftly proues them to be no better then fooles. la 
former times they had but feucn wife men, now you can fcarcefind fo many 
fooles. Thales fent the golden Tripes, which the Fifncrraen found, & the O- 
rack commanded to begiue* to the wife f \ to Bias t Bias to Solon fiizM fuch a ficntuin, 

c $ thing 

Democrltus to the Reader. 

54. thing were now found.we fhould ail fight for it, wee arc fo wife: wee hauc 
trm prtfeHti' women Polititians,children Metaphyfuian$$ Euery filly fellow can fquarc a 
circle,makc pcrpctuall motions ? thc Philofophcrs ftonc, inrcrprct Apocalyp* 
iiuspojpsvew yfr,raake new Theoricks 5 new Logicke/iew Pniiofophy^c.^jftraut^ re* 
quim hommim ^ Q jfofa f p et f 9nt{ts ^ ur country is fo full of deified ffii its 3 diuine fettles \th 'at you 
™ V pulbwm bU rnay f^onerfir.d a God, then a mitt amongfl vs, we thinkc fo well of our fellies, 
dew nmmtet. and that is an ample teftimony of ranch folly* 

• who'can"' Myfecond Argument is grounded vpon the like place of Scripture, 
find afouWull which though before mentioned in erfeel: , yet for fome reafons is to be re- 
jjaan?P/*.»o.* peatedf&by^/^Vgoodleaue^lmay doeitjfc/)^ -A &Kh tn$!t ill* Ck*.*™.) 
mmtmmtx" Fooles ffaith Damd) by reafon of their tranfgreftons .&c. Pfal.107.1?, Hence 
fempire<>ikqu LMufculus inferres,a]l tranfgreflours muft needs be fooles^So we read Rom.2 
ddapdit ben tribulation And anqui% U on the foule of ~cuery man doth eutfl. but all doc 

tbfentx bona, ^ 6 -IT J J >■ 

max ht im ve- cuill. And /Jay 6 $.c4.My Jcruants\hall fingfor toy^and yee f JhaU cry for forrow 
twin & dam- f heartland vexation of mindlTxs ratified by thecommon confent of all Phi* 
ipfrqtiam r'tdl- lofbphers. Difhonefy ( faith Cardan) is nothing elfe but folly and madnejfe y 
tuium efl bomi- s Probus quis nobifcum vivitt {hew me an honcft man, 3{jmo malm qui nen 
?7* iTwiw- f u ^i t{s Fab/us Aphorifmc ? to the fame end. Jf none honeft^nonc wife,all 
re,&qu*D't* fooles. And well may they be fo accounted $ for who will fay that he is a 
htpati funt ex-^ w jf c man ( jf a j t h h Mufculus) thatpreferres momentary pleafures to eternity, 
^umltvcUe *f ut fpendshis makers goods in his abfence ^forthwith to be condemned for tit 
fjvts fieri, Who will fay that a ficke man is wife, thateates & drinkes to otietthrow 
q T'* P euram r ^ c tcm P eraturc °f his body ? can you account him wife or difcreet , that 
mbketrlnt. The- would willingly hauc his hcalth,& yet will doc nothing that (hould procure 
<oi.crt.tM pro- or continue it? * Theodoret out of Plot inns the Platon'tft, holdes it a ridiculous 
^fJc'ajfett*™ 1 ' t^^g fi r A mAn ,0 ^ ue a ft er hi* r&nelarveS) to doe tbat which is offenfiue to God, 
£ sapkm jibi and yet to hope that be fhould faue him: ejr when he voluntarily neglecls his ervn 
qm impenofa, fafety^and contemnes the meanesjo thinke to bet dcliuered by an other. Who 
1 concU.iih.dt will lay thefe men are wife? 

victfer. etttum A third Argument may be deriued from the precedent, k all men are car- 
tabtZeTfro * txt ^ awa y w * cn paffion^difcoBtentjluftjpleafurcij&c. Therefore more then 
martm cerfen- Melancholy 3 quitc mad,bruit beafts,and void of all rcafou/as cbryfofimeco- 
*™'lb de fa tcn ^ s ^ r rat ' f7cr dead and buried attue, &$ 1 philo'/udaus concludes it for a cer- 
vli\imJad'efl, tainty \pfaH(uch that are carried avo ay with pafions, or labour of any dtfeafeof 
fapientk adejfe the mind: where is feare andforrovo^ there m LacJanttus §ti&c\y maintaines, 
» ? S«t/ isfani- w *fdome cannot dvoell.Seneca and the reft ohhcStoickes are of opinion, that 
'vuXerxeHeUe- whereis any the leaft perturbation,wifedomc cannot be founds*/ w*rcw» 
fpontnm verbe- ridiculous ,2$ n LacJanttus vrgeth , then to facarc how Xerxes whipped the 
•EccC«.ti HelLejpont, thrcatned the mounrainc/</^,& the like.To fpeake ad r<fw,who 
Where is bit- is free from paflion? • Mortalis nemo eft quern non aftiugat dolor, morbufvt^j, 
h no vnder- e as p Ttt ^ ^ ctcrmin cs out ofan old Poeme, no mortal! men can auoide for- 
ftanding.Pro. row and fickne(Ie,and forrow is an vnfeparable companion of Melancholy, 
li.i^.anan- | chryfoflome pleadcs farther yet, that they are more then mad, very beafts 
f ^ an 18 a ftupificd and void of common fenfe: For how ( faith he) fhallJknow thee to bee 

p s.Tufc. inix- 4 man,wben thou kickejl tike an ajfe^dyghefi like an borfe after women raised in 
ria it fipien- ^ . 

temnmcadtt. f lnboM.6.Mi.epifl.adCtf. Bomimtm teaser enequeo ,cumtanquam afimi rccaldtres , lafcivvts ut taunts 
ymzsutetfuus p4 mtt teres, utvrftu ventriindMlgas , qum rapiat hi lupuses, atm^mfutimm h»mnubabeo,idmxpJi term, 
qmnftYAin burnout fy:uc vidcre me j>Htem 


Vetnotritus to the Q(eader. 

luft like * Bully duene ft like dBedre,ftingeft liked Setrpion,rdieft like a wife, as 35 
fubtle at a Fcxe,4s impudent at 1 Voggc-j\fb*H lf*y thou Art 4 m» y that k*ft a& 
the Symf tomes of a heap how fh*# I know thee to be a mdn£y thy jhdpee thdt df 
frights me more j» hen I fee a bedjl in likeneffeofd man. 

f Seme a calls chat ql Epicurus, mAgmficAm vccem^n hcroicall fpceeh , t^A^.* T 2 
foole flilibeginnes to liue^nd accompts it a filthy lighcncfle in mcn,eucry day iZX™"t. 
co lay new foundations of their lifcjbut who doth otherwifc>one trauels,a* f'j*bimmm 
nothcrbuildsjonc for thisjanothcr for that bufineflfcj andolde folkesarcas ^^1^*^ 
farrc out as the reft. Thcreforciyong,old,middlcagc 5 all are ftupidj and dote, menu wu po- 

**,€neax Sylvius amongtt many other, fets downe three fpeciall wayes jp«i 
to find, a foole by. He is a foole that feckes chat he can newer find; Heeisa -ieturfami- 
foolethncfcekes that, whiebbcing found, will doe him more harmc then fr- stuiti*>q*i 
good.-He is a foole,that hauing variety ofwayes to bring him co hisiourmes ^//Lwif**" 
cnd ; takcs that which is worft. If fo,me thinkes moft men arc fooles,cxamine qui qu<- 
their courfcs,and you (hall foonc psrceiuc, what dizards and madmen they "* qu<,ti mcet 
moft part are. m&cjjl*- 
willhauc drunkards, aqd fuch as more then ordinarily delight rethtbei uUa, 
in drinke,tobe mad.The firft pot quenchcth thirft, thefecond makes merry, d f t m ^ x £j£ 
the third for pleafurc,^r/4^/>^/>/^,thc fourth makes them mad. If this funmmMiri 
pofition be tniCjWhac a Catalogue of madmen fhall wee haue f what fhafl Minm t &e. 
they be thatdrinkefoure times foure? iSJjnnefu^rA omncm frrorem ,/upr* * ptcUmAt * 
cmnem infdniam reddunt inftffifimos} J am of bis opinion, they arc more 
then rrad,worfe then mad. 

3 he r K^hkrites condemned Democritus foi? a madman, becaufe hce was 1 vp.vemMj>et§, 
fometimes fad,and fometimes again profufely merry. HacpAtrilt (faith Hip- m^J^'* 
pecYAtes) el? rtfnm fur ere <jr inftntre dtcunt jhis country-men hold him mad, niLmlidiant^ 
becaufe he laughes , f and therefore defres him to AdvifedR hit friends At Mtnmhmtr* 
Rhodes ^that they doe not laugh ouermuch,or be oucr fad$ Had chofc Abde* f* 1, 
rttes bin converfanc wich vs, and had but fcenwhac t fleering and grinning t Vermhm 
there is in this age,thcy would certainly haue concluded, wee had beenc all r 'f m J ottrit a . 

c • J ■ ttnufcttt flul' 

out of our wits. /( *,; r 

i^injlotle in his Ethicks holds,?*//* idem£fApiexs, to be wife and happy u ofi*'i-«fr9i 
arercciprocall tcarmes, bonus idem^piens honefius v *Tis * TuSies pa- * f » - B 
TzdoXtTvifemenArefooiesfooleSAreJlAues, liberty is a power toliue accor- ber$rft "ervi, 
ding to his own Lawes,as we will our felucs, who hath tbis liberty^ who is llbertM *j* 

Xree? *fApiensftb,pmperiofus, 

Quern ne% pAUperies^ne^ tnorsyte^ vincuU terrent^ 
ReJponfArs cufidinibut^ contemner ehonores 
Fortis^ejr in feipfo tot us teres at% rotundus* 
He is wife that can command his own will, 
Valiant and conftant to himfclfc ftiH, 
Whom poucrty,nor death,nor bands can fright, 
Checkes his defires,icorne$ 5 honors,hift and right. 
But where (hai! fuch a man be found? Jf nowherc,thcnff diAmetro^t are all 
(laues,fenfelefTe J orworfe.A 7 ^ow4/^yi//x.Butno man is happy in this life, { fam. 
rone good, therefore no man wife. RAriquippeboni — 1^ 
for one vcrtuc,youfhali find ten vices in the fame party. We may peradven- 
ture vfurpc the oaaie,or attribute it to others for fauour,as Cdrolus Sapiens 9 


Vemocritus to the Reader. 

%6 philippus Bonus .Lodovicus Pius, cjrc. and delcribc the properties of a wife 
man,as Tutty doth an QmotjXenopbonCyrusfaftlio & Courtier. Galen Tem- 
per Amint^hw Ariftocrafie is defcribedby Poliritians. But where (ball fucha 

man be found? Kir bonus tj? <fapicns \qnalem vix repperit unum 
MiUtbus e mult is hominum conjultus spoilt. 
A wife,a good man in a million, 
Apollo conlulted,could fcarce find one. 
A man is a miracle of himfelfc,but T rijmegiflus addcs,Afax/mtm miraculum 
homo fapiens,* wife man is a wonder 3 multi Thyr(Jgeri 3 pauci Baccht. 

Alexander when he was prefented with that rich & CGftly Casket of King 
Darius euery man aduifed him what to put in it, hee referucd it to put in 
Homers Workes^s the mod precious Ievveil of humane wit,and yet x Scali* 
* Uy?etcr'i. g (r vpbratdes Homers b\.\ifc 3 ?iutrhem in^ana fapientU^ nurcery of madses , 
\kAmU\^fT- J^pudent as a Court Lady,thatblurtieth at nothing. Jacobus Mycillus , GiU 
bertus Cognatusfirafmus^wd almoft all pofterity, admire LucUns luxuriant 
\vit,& yet Scaliger reie<5ts him in hiscenfure, & calls him the Cerberus of the 
Mufcs. Socrates whom all the World fo much magnified 3 is by LaCiantius & 
- r Theodoret condemned for a foo\e,P/utarch extols Seneca s wit beyond all the 

do fains dekcl*- Greekes^nudifecundus^ yet z Semen faith of W\m t when I would foUce myfelfz_s 
rivoiwi c?c with afoo/ej refleel vpon my felfe 3 and there I baue bzm. a Cardan and Saint 
J^mvideo. Bernard will admit none into this Catalogue of wife men, b but onely Pro- 
*tib Ueftp. phats& Apoftlesjhovv they cftecmethemfelues,you hauc heard before.We 
Jptowbth*- 3 r C vvorldly-wife.admire our felues, &fcekforapplaufe; butheareS* *Ber- 
tji vam « , to- nard^qttanto magi s for as es Japtensfanto magis tntm jl tilt us ejjiceris^c^n cm* 
turned >.na y -u- ntbui es prudent jirca teipfum tnfipiens: the more wife thou arc to others,the 
qrirqJdteuin more fo^fe t0 tn y lelfe. I may not deny but that there is fome folly appro- 
ve mndo'v*- ucd 3 a Diuine fury, an Holy madneflTe , euen a fpirituall diunkennefTc in the 
U7 J>d * Jaipur Stints of God thcmfelues^tfto!* infgniam Bernardczls it, (though not as 
vctm facU. blafpheming e Vorfiius , would infer it as a paffion incident to God hirafelf, 
bom' * I ^ Ut ^ arn ^' ac to mcn ^ as cnat oiPaulj Cor, he was afosl,&c. & Kom^. he 
d< 7* i.vumk wKhcth himfelf to be anathematized for tbe % Such is that drunkennes which 
Jiai.i.deiuji.0. Ficinus fpcakes of,whcn the foulc iselcuared & rauifhed with a diuine tafte 
\2m-mZ & of that heaucn] y Nc(aar > which P° cts deciphered by the facvifice oiDimyfi* 
revcr.1 pnnk. ns^nd in this fenfe with the Poet ittfanire lubeeps Auflm exhorts \s 3 ad ebri- 
i ' ' f ■ 3 * etAtem ft ywf%p*rct t \zxs all be mad and S drunke. But wee commonlv mif- 
ImJ'tiuber- take,and goe beyond our commiffion^e reele to the oppofite pai t, h wee 
me domm. are not capable of it, » and as he faid of the Greekes i Vqs Graci femper pveri, 
>«*/* jU I04 ' vos Sr i fa *™> Ga flt> Germ4 w> /ta ti>&c*yw are a company of fooles. 
uii PUtonk Proceed now apartibittadtotumpx from the whole to parts,&you fhall 
Tim. facerdos n0 other iiTuc,the parts fhall be fufficiently. dilated in this following Pre- 
ftowuiiui face.The whole muft necdes follow by a Sorites or Indtiaiou. Euery multi- 

ropM.x.capJi. f f4m cfc that which the commonalty acconapts true, is raoft pare falfe they 
arc & 11 c PP ofitc to wil ' e mcn > but al1 the world is of this humor (valgus) L 
uat C4yi mn thou thy fclfc art de vulgo, one of the Commonakyj and he,and he, ^and fo 
tp^cim in arc a || t h e re ftj ^ thercfere,as fhocm conclude?, to be approued ia'noughc 


Vemocritus to the Reader. 

you fay or doc 3 rneere idiots aad alTes : begin them where you will,go back- 37 
ward or forward,choofe out of the whole pack,winke & choofc, you (hall 
find them all alike,»^fr abarrell better herring. 

Copernitus^Atlas his fucceflbr,is of opinion, the Earth is a Planer, moues 
& Chines to others,as the Moone doth to vs.Digges,Gilbert } Keplerus and o. 
thcrs, defend this Hyfotbefis of his in foberfadnefle, and that the Moone is 
inhabited* if it be fo,that the Earth is a Moone, then are wee all vertiginous 
& lunaticke within this fublunary Maze* 

I could produce fudiargumcnts till darkc night , but according to my 
promife?J will defcend to particulars. This Melancholy extends it felfe not 
to men only,but euen to vegetall & fenfible creatures; ] fpeake not of thofe 
creatures which are Saturnine, Melancholy by nature, as Lead , & fuch like 
Minerals 5 or thole [ > lants.Riie,Cypre(re,&c.andHel!ebor it felfe, of which 
m Agrippa treats ? Fiines 5 Birds & Beaf^Harcs^ofiicSjDormice &c.Owles, mlfuf.'^. 
Bittes,Nightbirds,btit that artificial!, whichisperceiucd in them all. Re- »9 
moue a will pine away , which is efpccially perceiucd in Date trees, 
as yoti may read at large in Ccnjlantincs husbandry.that Antipathy betwixt ' ' IO,w ^ 4 ' 
the Vine and the Cabbage.Vinc & Oylc,&c. Put a bird in a C3£e 3 he will dye 
for fullennefle,or a beaft in a penne, or take his young ones or companions 
from him,& fee what cfTeel: it will eaufc ? but who pcrceiues not thefe com- 
mon paffions of fcnfible crcaturcs,feare,forrow,^c.Of all other,dogges arc 
moft fubieft to this malady^m fo much that fomehold they dream e as men 
do£,and through violence ofMe!ancholy,run mad; I could relate many (lo- 
ries of doggcs,that haue died for griefe, and pined away for lofFe of their ma- 
iters,biit they are common it? euery Author. <> & i\tfw 

Kingdomes,Prouinces,and Politicke Bodies are likewifcfenfible and fub- 
ie<$t to this difeafe,as ? Boterus m his Politickes hath proucd at large. As in v p°tei* U) 
humane bodies f faith hcj there be diutrs alterations proceeding from humsurs, hi fi' mm ^- x - 
(If there be mam difeafes in a Common-vj>ealthjx>hich doe as dmerfly happen from m£smp"ribits 
feuerall diftempers^s you may eafily perceiue by their feuerall S y raptomes. varue *mdm 
For where you (hall fee the people ciuill, obedient to God & Princes, iudi- mtatmes . ™ r : 
cious^peaccableandquiet.richjtominate^ andrlourilh, to hue in peace, in torepup.&c. 
vnity and concord,a Country well tilled,many fairc built and populous Ci- *V bl re * et t hi ~ 
ticspbiinsoU xtteptjs old r Cato faid, the people are near, polite and terfc, S^'*'* 
•vbibene,bsntefy vivunt, which our Politicians make thechiefe end of a Co- r f & dertrufi, 
monwcalth; and which f Arifiotlepdit.lib^.cap.^ ealles Commune bonum^ XiliLltvt™** 
that Country is free from Melancholy; As it was in Italy in the time of A/t> 
guftuspow in inmany other flourifhingkingdomes of Europe* 
But whereas you fhall fee pouerty, barbarifme, beggery,p!agues,warres rc- 

|jelIions,fediiions ; mutinies,contentionsJdIcnes J Riot,Epicurifmc,theLand 
lye vntilIcd,wafte,fullof bogges/enncsjdefarts, &c. Cities decayed, villages 
depopulated,& the people fqtialid,vgly,VRciuilI; that Kingdomc,t Hat Coun- 
try muft needes be difcontent and melancholy,hath a fick body 3 and had need 
to be reformed. 

Now that caunot well be effec"tcd,till the caufes of thefe maladies be fTrft 
remoucd.wbich commonly proceed from their owne defaulter fome acci- 
dental! inconucnience: as to be fite in a bad clime,too farrc North, ficril!, in : 
a barren placc 3 as the deferc of Z^/^defcrcs of Arabia^hczs void of waters^ 

$ as 

Democritus to the Reader. 

3 $ as thofe of Lop and Belgian in A/iapt in a bad ay re, as at Alexandretta , 

tMmjPtftiDurazzOy&c. or in danger of the fcas continuall inundations , as 
m many places of the Low-Countries 5 and elfcwherc, orncercfomebad 
neighbours,as Hungarians to Turkes, Podolians to T ar^r/ 5 or almoft any 
bordering Countnes,they liue in fearc Hill^andby reafon of hoftile incurfl- 
tMmm vx ons are oftentimes left defolate. So are Citties by reafon f of warres, fires, 
vwmcreZ^. pl»gues 1 inundations,wild beafts,decay oftradcs,barred hauens, the Seas vi- 
« inttrdum d ' oler.ce 3 as ^dntwerpe may witnellc of late 5 ^yr/if«/<r of old , Brundufum in /- 
MmSa^a fa ^) R h e ^ Dover with vs,an d many that at this day fufpeft the Seas fury 
u Delias hi- C an d rage 5 and labour sgainft it as the Venetians to their incftimable charge. 
pnie Amo But the moil frequent maladies are fuch as proceed from themfeluesjas firft 
mall' wfi when Religion and Gods Seruicc is ncg!c<5ted 3 thcy doe not feare God,obey 
pinker, optima their Prince,where Atheiime,Epicurhme 5 Sacriledge, Simonie,&c.And all 
qiiifq,atg.(iui;~ UJC h impietyes are freely committed 3 that country cannot profper. When 
J Te!['viveba^ Abraham came to Gerar, and faw a bad land , hee faid fure the feare of God 
fummiq, cum ■ was not in that place. u Cyprian Echouius a Spanish Chorographer,abouc all 
veieratione, & olnc| . Citties oiSpaine commends huritnojn which there was no hewer, m 
cultui, facriiq, wan poore.ejrcbut all ritb and ingeoa ejtate^ and beegiuesthe reafon 3 becaufe_j 
rebu incuse- they were more Religious then their neighbours ; why was ifrael fo often fpoi- 
tM,l.f.«.i. ' ec * by their enimiesjed into captiuity 3 &c. but for their Jdolatry, neglect of 
*BMm poht. Gods word/or facriledge^ven for one Achans fault ? and what fhall we ex- 

ww^ ! {ri«^ P c< ^ ^ iat ^ auc ^ lIc ^ mu ^" tuc ^ es °f ^^w,Church-robbers, fimoniacall Pa- 
rerum gerenda- trons 3 &c. how can they hope to florifh,that neglect diuine dutics,that liuc 
tumimpcritus, mo ft p art Epicures? 

fuiimmerk Other common grieuances are generally noxious to a body politikeob- 
immemor, out fcrued by f AriftotlefiodtnefioterMs Junius ^Aynifetu^&c* I will only point at 
^ntmvi'et ^ omc °^ chiefeft. x Impotentia guberandi, ataxta, confufion, ill gouern- 
rt$ub. cum ment 3 which proceeds from vnskilfull } floathfull,griping,couetous or tyran- 
caput hfirm*- nifingmagiftrates^hentheyarcfooles^diots^hildrenjprovvd, wilfu!l 3 par- 
%'c^\x. eA ~ tiall>vndifcrcec,oppreflbrs,giddy heads,tyrants,notable or vnfit to manage 
* See D. vut- fuch offices^ many noble Citties and florifliing Kingdomes by that meanes 
t^Mexander are dcfolate 3 thc whole body groncs vnder fuch heads, and all the members 
Ga&mutti- mu ft needs be mifaffe<5ted J as at this day thofe goodly Provinces in Afia Mi- 
ftory. nor,&c.oxor\t vnder the burden of a Turkish gouernmcnt , and thofe vaft 
*tmn£uiarn Mngdomes ofMufcovia } Ruffiaf vnder a tyranifmg Duke. Who cuer heard 
\§MtUjnc*U- of more civill and rich populous countries then thofe of Greece.Afia aboun* 

Tum fT U J tHdl a ' ding with * all wealth ^multitude of inhabitants force, power Jplen for ^ & ma?- 
ptentil nificence^ and that miracle of countries , » the Holy land*, "that in fo fmall a 
*Not abouc compafle ofground could maintainefo many townes 3 Citties 3 producefo 
*n kn^-i^o man y fi g htin g mco - ? ^gy?* another Paradife,now barbarous and defer 1 3 & 
in bredth ,'ac- almoft waft,by a defpoticall gouernmcnt of an imperious Turke, that fpoi] 5 
cording to a jj whcrefoeuer he comes , infomuch that an b Hiftorian complaines ifan 
i d oldinhibitanttyouldnowfectbemfjeWQuUnot knowethem tfatraueller or 
qmincola ve- f ranger \it would grieue his heart to behold them. Whereas Arij'iotle notes 
Itetjqukpt Nou * tx*&o»'S> n °»* owri ijnpofxta^ new burdens and exa&ions daily come' 
rezrhuijnge- vpon them^hey muft needs be difcontent , bine cittitatumgemitm & plora- 
^Mt'iib % tlt *&\ Tt ^y holdsjience come thofe complaints & teares ofCittks,^^ 

$.*.CriidelitM pmc'tpHmjunpmltm fceUru, vnUlio legum&CHUtitt pectmi* public* t &c % fEpiJl, 


Dcmotritm t&tbe Reader. 

miferab!e } rebelliotts>a*d dej}eratcfubte£ls,as*Hippolittts addes: and d as a ill- y) 

dicious country man of ours obfcrued not long fince in a Snruayc of that 

great Dutchy of T xfc < #/,that the people lined much grieued & difcontent, 

as appeared by their manifold and manifeft complainings in that kinde.Tto 

the ft ate was like aftcke body which bad lately taken Pbyficke, wbo(e_j humours t Vc'tncrem. 

ure not yet welt fetled t and weakned fo much by purging j that nothing wo* left f^lffff^ 

hut Melancholy. rctd'cs^dcipe' 

Whereas the Princes and Potentates are immoderate in luft^Hypocrites, r f ' ! >&c. 
Epicures,of no religion,but in fhew. Quid bypocrifi fragility} what fo brittle 7 r^^S 
andvnfure, what looncr fubverts their ettatcs then wandring and raging fifiy. 
lult, on their fubie&s wiues, daughters . to fav no vvorfe. They that fhould ' murw v l t' 9 
facemprtferrcjeza the way to all vertuous achonsjthey are the nrfg leaders ft utautYebm 
oftentimes of all mifchiefe and difTolutecouries , and by that meanes their a ^atu exu- 
Countries are plagued ,, c andthey themjelues often ruined , b.xnifoedor wur- "tilmefubd'r^ 
deredby (cvfttracy of their (ubiecJ^2s Sardanapalu* wzSyDionyfim Junior ^ He- mf cmhwffi. 
liogabalus J J er -lander \P '/Jiflr atus,Tarquiniw ;T imocrttesjCbtldericm , Appms i^h 
Claudius ^Andronicus fide aciits Scorfia^ Alexander Medices.&c. . ^ 

Whereas the Princes or great men are malitious,eHuiousa^<frioii$ 5 ambi & *?&*s cx - 
tious,cmulatois,they rcare a commonwealth afunder,as fo many Guelfis, & ff^ C ' 
Gebelttnes ydiftmbc the quietnelle of it, f & with mutuall murders le: i: bleed lisjceleratUiL 
to death,ourhiftories arc too full of fuch barbarous inhumanities, and the , 
mifcries that iflite from them. . ) f._ moft 

Whereas they bee like fomany horfc-leeches ; hungry 3 gripin{7,cornipt J partwemit 
Zc.o\\tiou%^avariti<emancipia y x2v\zx\o\\ s as Wolues or fuch as prefer their ^^"^ 
priuate before the publike good. For as h he faid long fincc, res private pub- a^copip^ng . 
lieu femper effecere. Or whereas they be illiterate , ignorant, Ettiperickcs in 11 ; ch as rta ^ 
policy jvbi deeft facultas,] virtus / Arift.pol.^cap.S.Jejr fctentiayvifc only by Ta&?g&t. 
inheritance, and in authority bybirtkrrght.theremuftneedsbeeafanlr^a ftatefmc n ,?h a i 
great defect: becaufe as an k old Philofophcr aftirmes, fuch men arc not al- & n j^L an| 
waics fit. Of an infinite number^fevo alone are Senators, andofthofefew, fewer daeir auvS. of that f mall number of bone fl good and noble men ', few that are^jlear- ries .-enrich 
tted.wifc'dif ;tect and fitfficient , able to dtfebarge fuch places , it mull needes ^honors 
turne to the confunon of a ftatc. diflcmbie^but 

For as the 1 Princes are,fo arc the pcoplc.Qualts Rex talis grex, 1& ttis l(> 

For Princes are theglaffe,tbefchoole,tbe booke t prc&l^ 
where fubiefls eyes doe lear?)e^doe readme looke, of a Commo- 

-Velotim ejreitiusnos wM} 

Corrampunt vitiorum exempli domeflicajnagnis P p te q »ttcoT~- 

Cumfubeant animos author ibm their examples are (bo- ruit - 

neft fol!owea>ices entertained. If they be prophane,irreligious\lafciuious 3 
riotouSjEpicures faclious^ouetous^ambitioHsjllitcrate , fo will the Com- meuMiku y 
mons moft part be.idie vnthrifts.prone to therefore poorc Smat f c { 

1 . \ z > 1 ' # . „ S , r t r 1 . v , latere noDikiH 

and needy, (» mtU 6*™ ipmt*, x,^^^,forpouerty begets fedition&vil- eenfuianbm 
lanyjvponalloccafionsieady tomutineand rebcllfj dilcontcnt ftiil, com- pwibwjk*^ 
plainmg,murmuriug,grudging,apt to all outrages ) thcfts,treafons J murders 3 ***** 
iLinouationsjndebtjCofencrSjfhifcerSjOUtlawes, Prcflagaufama ac viu. Jt 


ilJtprmcipes,fedefiaminfundu72t mcivi | Iiivtn.Sat,n. * Vdufth- 

tMjedii'wnc0eigtrt ) & maleficMm. /fiil.paHt.i.cap,'/, 

f a was 

DemocrttHS to the reader . 

40 was an old m Politicians AphorifmejT^ that arepooreandbad^cnvie rich* 
m Sokft. Set* hate good men % xbhorre the prefent government 3 wifb for a new , and rvouldbaue 
qribJww'i- *H turned topfle tnruic. When Cateline rcbellccTin Rome,hcz got a company 
u \umbonu of fuch debolhed rogues together ,thcy were his familiars and coadjutors, 

™dvfwl?ex- an( * iuc ^ ^ auc ^ cen y our rc ^ e ^ s mo ^ P art in ^ igcSy/ackCad^Tem Strew s 

cpiwt ediofua- Kette aodhis companions. 

mm mum mil- Where they be generally riotous,and contentious,where there be many 
w»r? WM dtfcords,many lawcs,many law fuitSjtnany lawycrs,and many Phyfirians, it 
n vdeybus is a manifeft figne of a diftempered Melancholy ftatc , as n /'/tfMongn'ncc 
ma i nt ained: for where fuch kinde of men fwanne , they will make worke for 
ejiindamm, themfclues,and that body Politickc dileafed, which was otherwifo found. A 
lumpmioum g en erall mifchiefe in theie our times } an vnfenfiblc plague , and ncuer fo ma- 
dwum'toph'. ny of them: which are now multiplied faii\i° Mat .Geraldsa^Lawyer him- 
o in pr«f. p&> {elfe ) dffo many locufts^not the parents but the plagues of the country , and for 
£Mur M mn^L the mefl part afupercilious Jbadfouet outfit igtous generation of men. VCrume* 
*niiutioc '4*> niwvlg* natio : drc. A purfe-milking nation, a clamorous company, gowned 
nonpatmpci- vultures ,* qui ex iniur/a vivunt ejr 'J anguine c 'tm urn , thecuesand Scmina- 
^mtilmmi rics °f difcord, that take vpon them to make peace , but are indeed the very 
maton cx>arie difturbers of our peace.a company of irreligious Harpies,fcraping .griping 
fapcroiiojf,co!t- catchpolesfl aaeane our common hungry Pettefogcers , rabulasforenfes* 
turn lit, ocimtm louc and honour in the meanc time 3 all good lawes , and worthy Lawyers, 
txenent. t hat are as fo many <l Oracles>& pilots of a well goucrn'd Commonwealth ) 
toqwlLlatur- WithoutArt, without Iudgement, that doc more r Liuie faid, 
bit, vuLures to- Quam belia externa, fames, morbiuejhen ficknefTej warres, hunger, dileafes: 
A a »deaufe a moft incredible dejlruttion 0} 'a commonwealth , faith f Sefellius ,a 
fiis. famous Ciuilian fometimcs in Paris, As Jvie doth by an Oke , imbrace it fo 

viurucmm long,vntill it hath got the heart out of it,fo doe they by fuch places they in, 
hm7ivitatt'. habit; no counfell at alI,no iuftiee 5 no fpcech to be had nifi eum pr^mulferky 
Tuiiy. he mud be fed ftilljOr elfe he is as mute as a fifh,better open an Oy ftcr with- 
fiit 1 de rep out an ^ n ^ e * Expert crede(hvh i Salisburienjis) in manm eerum willies inci- 
GaUorumincrc' di , & Charon immitis qui nulli pepcrcit vnquam^his Ionge clemcntioreft. 
dibdem repnb. / fp? a ke out of experience^ I haue beene a t ■* oufand times among ft them <rjr Cha- 
runt! iCm °^ e ' ron himfelfe is more gentle then they, * ht_j u contented withhu fingk pay, but 
* Po'ycratM. multiply (l/lljhey are neuerfatufied.bcfidcs they have damnifies l/p>guas f is 
t jsflipe cm- h c tearmcs \x nififunibw arventeis viaci*s,they muft be feed to fav nothir a 
fei'megm (bt u and get more to hold their pcacc^h'jn we can to fay our beft. They v ill 
mtiupixaii iu- fpcake their clients fairc,and inuite them to their tables , but as he follows ir 
v-riutaceipmnt * °f "&i»iuftict there is none fo per ntt torn as that of theirs, which when they 
ucere 3 qu*m deceaue moft,wili fceme tobehoneji men. They take vpon th^rn tob-epeace- 
Trltmrnufll- ™&e* s i&f ouere CAH f** humilium,to helpc them to thctr rlghrpatrccinantur 
tU mUacapaa- affifiisy but all is for their owne good,^f loculos pleniorum exhunnam, they 
iior,quameoru plead for poore men^r<i/» 3 but they are but as a ftale tocarch « rhers.Ifthere 
tl^nZd be no iarrc>2 tnc Y can makc a iarre,outof the law it felfc 3 Hr?d ftili iomc quirk 
agum,ut boni or other, to fet men at oddes , and continue caufes fo longjuftraalicjuot I 
viriejfevide- k now nothow many yeares before the caufc is heard,& when'tis nidged 8c 
Tslmquecun- determinedly reafon of fome trickes and errors 3 it is as freflj to beginne, af- 

tjtte md'f caufc 

pocedathec,fempcragituru!lo:uli impU«ntur,ttfi waritta mquH fatiari. *. C «ndt» in Ttyftilqt : quijiwkilptitm e xurU a- 
ps&wjites tamen ferere callmt. 


Vemocrttus to the c i(eader. 

tcr twice 7 yeares fomtimcs 5 as it was at firft-,& fo they protract time, delay c 41 
iiites,tillthey hauc enriched thetafcluesyind beggcred their clients. a Simlt- 
tm complaines amongft the Sniffers 01 the Advocats in his time, that when * llb % j t}it ^ 
they (hould make an end.they begin controuetfics and protraB their caufes vet repub.nm 
many yearesjperfrvading them their title itgood S t/H their paprimon rs be confu- **'M ari ™> & 
med and that they haue '/pent more in jerking then the thing is worthy or they trovt,im opera, 
fhadget bytherecouery. So that he that goes to law,as the prouerb is, h holds at ita 
2 woulfe by the eares,or as a {heepc in a ftorme runnes for (belter to a bck-r, • ' l "^ Uf 
ifheprofecute hiscaufe he is confumed,ifhe furceafe his fuic helooieth ali, 9m** c*mm- 
what difference? They had wont heretofore,faith Auftw^o end matters,^ W litf ™fy m 
communes arbitros$?x\d(o in Switzerland weeare informed by d Sim'eru) fatmapatimi£ 
they had fome common Arbitrators >or daiefmen in euery Te <vne_jjhat mad^_j a wf t>Junmm 
friendly compofition betwixt man and man^andhe much mn del s at their hen eft \^ mm m fe 
Jimp lie tty J hat could keepe peace fo weti^and ad fuchgreat c tufef uy that means, but tcneat. 
ht\Fez,'m^frickefXiZ)< haue neither Lawyers nor AduocateSjbut if there \ 
be any cotroncrties amongft them,both parties.,plaintife & defendant come m rlmbjui- 
to their Alfaktns or chiefc iudge,* W*/ once , vctthcut any farther cppealcs y or caquocun^pA- 
fin'tfull delay <es,tbe caufe is heard and ended. Our fort fa I hers , as e a worthie g °JZncTdi- 
Corographer of ours obferuesjhac wont Pauculis cruculisaureis^ with a few mvfcUim 
golden croflcs and lines in verfe,make all conucianccs, afluiances ; and fuel) jj^ff'J*' 
was thecandor and integrity of (licceeding agts,trat a Deed ( as 1 bane ofr n^wmio^ 
fcene)to convay a whole Manour, was irrplicite contained in fome tw erry mm fttnpiiat# 
Jines.or thereabouts. Bur now many skir.nes of parchment will fcarcc feme Hm *f al?tr / 
turnc,nc that buyes & fells a houle,nruiit haue a houle full 01, there ptwtfmoi 
be fo many circumftanccs/o many 'vords,fuch Tautologicall repetitions of •mfflvmiK 
all particu/ars(to avoid cauillation they fay) but we findebyour wofullcx ftkwditkt 
pericnce,that to fubtlc wits it is a caufe of much more contention at d va- ej> quaes* 
rience,and fcarce any conveyance fo accurately penned by one,which ano- J^^JJ^j 
thcr will not findc a cracke ii,or cauill at, if any one word be mifplaced, any dit, u feL:& 
little error,all is difanulicd. That which is law today is none to morrowe, fw»i rem mn- 
that which is found in one mans opinion, is moft faulty to another 5 that in 
concliifion^cre is nothing amongft vs butcontention and confufion , wee fw>ketota#«| 
bandy one againft another: And that which long fince |/ > ///^/&comp!ai- Tl^fan*' 
ne d of them in i>S/&,may be verified in our times. Thefe men here affembied^ \ Lib. malw 
comt not to f aerifies to their Gods , to offer Iupiter their fir ft fruit es^or merri> morb.ccr?.an *> 
nwnts to Bacchus; but anyearely difeafe exajperating Alia hath brought them ^i'e^iuM^t 
hither Jo make an end of their Controuerfies and Lawfutes, 'Tis mult itudo per- dm moremaio- 
den'ium & pereuntium& deftrucliue rout,that feek one anothers ruine.Such ™*f ac ™ ^ aci ~ 
moft part are our ordinary Suters, TermerSjClicnts,- new ftirres euery day, offe- 
miftakesxrrorSjCatnlSjand at this prefent,as I haue heard in fome one court, ^tBac- 
I know no^ how many 1000 caufes: no perfon free, no title almoft good, ^ ,eT*£r- 
wich fuch bitterncflfe in following,fo many flights, procraftinations.delayes, f*rim morbus 
forgery ,fuch coft/for infinite furnmcs are inconfideratly fpent ) violence & '^f^™*^ 
maiicej know not by whofc faultjLawyerSjClients^aweSjboth or alhbut B rt»wwSj* 
as Pan/ reprehended the ^ Corinthians long fincc, I may more appofitely in- bicp*r*&nt. 
ferrc n r ^w: There is a fmltamongf you^and I Jpeakeitteyourfhame,Js there not 
4 S wfeman tmongfyou^ to iudge betweene hi* brethren } but that a brother f T ^ ^ 

% StultiqHAndo demnmfapietit,Pfal.w t t* 

* 5 J'*? 

Vemocrttus to the Reader. 

42 goes co law with a brother. And * Chrifts Counfcll concerning Law-futcs, 
, , was ncuer fo fit to be in this age. f ^grcc with thine adverfarv 

* Of which . , , ; „ . „ a 

Tcxcreade 1***9 W^Mat. S .2 S . ' j ' 

two learned J could repeat many fuch particular gricuances , which muft dilturbc a 
fnmuied'and bod y politicke;io (hut vp all in bricfe, where good gouerninent is, prudent 
preached' by and wife PrinceSjthere all things thriue M profper, peace & happinefle is in 
oar Regious^ tnat ]and,wherc it is otberwife,all things are vgly to bcholde, inculr , bar* 
Vrhtouxmn- barous,vnciuill,a Paradifeis turned to awildemeiTc. This ifland amongft 
ted at union the reft,our next neighbours the French and Germanes, may be a fufficienc 
ff 7F i*n^^ witnefie, that in a fhorc time by that prudent policy of the Romanes^ was 
h s*pm bom brought from barbarifmc; fee but whit Cafar reports of vs, and Tacitm of 
mterk cefat thofe old Germanes, they were once as vnciuili as they in Virginia, yetby 
Mbcw^deGcr' planting of Colonies, &goodLawes, they became from barbarous out* 
mini* siqnis lawes, h to be full ofrich and populous cities,a$ now they are, andmoftflo* 
l£«rS rW *" nfhtngkingdomes.Eaenfo might Virginia, and thofe wild Irifohaucbcen 
hodieexcJtam, ciuilized long {incc 3 i.t that order had bcene heeretofore taken, which now 
mdUemta beginncs of planting Colonies &c.l haueread a 1 Difcourfe, printed Anno 
"tu^Jsp^am 'cl- *& 12 ' Difcouering the true caufes } wfy Ireland was netter intirely fubdued or 
to,tenm infor- brought under obedience to the Crewne tf/En gl and, vat ill the beginning of hit 
iB* 8 his Mai Mate flies happy raignes. But if his reafons were throughly fcanned by a ju- 
fties Attorney Vicious Politician, I am afraid he would not altogether be approued, but 
general there, that it would turne to the difhonour of our Nation, to fufTer it to ly fo long 
Bm^ef'^ 9 waftc.Yea,& if fomc traueller fhould fee f to come necrcr home J thofe rich 
Holland &c. vnited Prouinccs of Uottand^ZelaKd^&c&wsx againft vs^thofe neat Cities & 
tosL^^rom P°P ll ^ ous Townes,full of moft indubious Artificers, k fo much land reco- 
jwgejrothe ucrcd from the Sca,and fo painefully prefertiedby thofe Artificial! inventi- 
Sea,&c. ons, 1 fo many nauigable channels from place to place, made by mens hands, 
Zm'iiiercT &c.andon the other fide fo many iooo acres of our fens lie drowned^our Ci- 
ur, MetertnxA ties thinae,and thofe vile,poore,and vgly to behold in refpeel of theirs, our 
*7mindcnm trac k 5 decayed, our ftill running riuers flopped, and that bencficiall vfeof 
beii*gvV t qZ tranfportation,wholly ncgle&ed,fo many Hauens void of Ships & Towns, 
huwxniutu f many Parkes and Forrefts for pleafure, barren Heaths, fo many Villages 
CHl ^Zofbis depopulated &cj thinkc fure he would find tome fault. 


chrMam gea- I may notdeny butthat this Nation ofours, doth bens audire apudexte* 
"EJSki m>is a moft noblc ^ 3 moft flourifhingkingdome, by common content of all 
BritJeNsr- ' ° Geographers.;Hif:orians,and hath many fuch honorable Elogiums. And 
mnnis. as a learned Countryman of ours right well hath it, n Euer finee the T^or- 
°pSS WAnsfirft comming into England, this our Country, both for military matters, 
qmm eflatein- and all other ofciuility, hath beenz_j paralelled with the mo ft flourishing king* 
^tm^T d ° mes °f Et * ro P e ^ our Chripan world,* blefled 3 a rich Country, and one of 
duo illotum du- inc fortunate lfles: And for fome things ° preferred before all other Cotin- 
ctsnonmnoTc trics.for expert Seamen,our laborious difcoucries, Art of Navigation true 
%nmi ZZ Merchants, they carry the bell away from all other Nations s cuen the Port*, 
trbem terre cir- gals & Hollanders them felues, P without allfearefyhh Botertujurrnvina the 
$ jT!fc tel m ' ° ctm -> w * nter And Sommer,andtvoo of their Captaines, with no leffe valor f hen 
BotLl . BaU ° fortune J)aue failed roundabout the World. Wee haue befides many particular 
q AFertile bIelfing5,whichour Neighbours want,thc GofpcUrucly preached Churrk 

folic, good " * * * > "MVWH 

AirCj&c.Tin, Lead, WoolLSaffron, 8cc. 


Democritus to the Reader, 

Difciphnc eftablifhed, long peace and quictncfTe, free from exactions, for« 43 
raine tcares,iavafions,domefticall reditions,well manured, 1 fortified by Art r T**»*«- 
and Narure,and now moft happy in that fortunate vnion of England & Scot- JJJ X'/wwf"* 
land, which our fore-fathers haue much laboured to efTed: , and defiredto 
fee: But in which we excell all othcrs,a wifc,learned 5 rcligious King,anothcr 
l^jtma^ a lecond Attgu[lus i a true Iofiah 3 moft worthy Senators, a learned 
Cleargy,an obedient Commonalry,&c. Yet amongft many Rofcs, fome 
Thirties grow,fbmc bad weeds & enormities,which much difturb the peace 
of this Body peliticke,and Ecclipfe the honor & glory of it, fit to be rooted 
out,and withall fpeed to be reformed. 

* The firft is ldlenes>by rcafon of which,we haue many flvarmes of rogues 
and bcggcrs 3 theeues drunkards,& difcontented perfons ( whom Lycnrgus 
in Plutarch calles mor bos re/pub. the boylcsof a Common- wcalrh) many 
poors people in all our Townes,C/^//^/^ ignobiles^ { Polidore cals them, f 
bafe Ciucs,ingIorious,poorc,fmall, rare in light, and thinnc of inhabitants. 
Our land is fertile 3 wc may not deny, full of all good things, and why doth it 
not then abound with Cities, as well as Italy ^France^j^Germany, the Low- 
countries? becaufe their policy hath bin otherwife, and wee a e not fo thrif- 
ty ) circumfpec r t,induftrious} IdlenclTe is the malm Genua of our Nation.For 
as 1 Boterm iuftly argues,fertility ofa Country is not enough, except Art cV • ^ m f ti - v 
lnduftry be ioyncd vnto it, and according to Cdnflctle, riches are cither na- ■ 
turall or artificiall; naturall are good Iand,faire mincsj&c. artificial! are ma* 
ntifac'tures 1 coincs 5 &c.Many kingdomesarc fertile, but thin of inhabitants, 
as that Dutchy of Pedemcnt in Italy , which LeanderAlbertus fo much mag- 
nifies, for Corne,Wine, Fruits, &c. yet nothing necre fo populous as thofe 
which arc more barren." England faith hc/Londcn onely excepted) hathne- „ . 
ucr a populous C/tty, and yet a fruitful! Country. 1 findc 4 6 Citties and walled to Unlm"uU 
Townesin i^^/^afmallProuincemC/^r/v^, 5oCaftles, an infinite S P " l 'it«t me- 
number of Villages,no ground idle, no net rocky places,or toppes of hillcs ^amicruL 
are vntilled 3 as a ^/«»/?frinformethvs. \n b Greicbgea a fmall Territory on maim apt* 
the Ticker, 2 4. Italian miles oucr, I read of 20 walled towncs, innumerable f u c n / f el ' , 
vilbges,each one containing 150 houfes moft part, befides Caftles,and no- capT^'yl^ 
blemens Palaces.I obfet ue in c Turinge in Dutchland/ixvclut miles ouer by »»»» efi »*- 
their fcalej 12 Counties and in them I44cities i 2ooovillaecs.'i44 townes, 
% 50 Caftles.Tn Bavaria 34 cities, 46 Townes,&c. d Portugalliainteramnis^ mtdtm.\ 
a fmall plot of ground, hath ^oParifhes, 130 Monaftcries, 200 Bridges. )^ ytrtM mu 
Malta a barren lfland,yeeldes 20000 Jnhabitants. But of all the reft 1 ad- \ ^ rmo f' 
\mxzLuesGuicciardines Relations of the Low-countries. Holland hath 26 ^^^i«m 
Citties; c 4QO great villages.Z^W 10 cities,io2 pages. Brabant 2 6 cities, AOrteimev** 
loipmChcs.F/anders 28cities,90 townes, 11 54 villages, befides Abbies, feo.& 
Caftlesj&:c,The Low-countries generally haue three cities at leaft for one f^hun 
ofours,& thofe farre more populous & rich,and what is thccaufe f but their d re th families 
induftry and excellency in all manner of trades? Their commerce, which is in each, 
maintained by a multitude of Tradefmen, fo many excellent channels made 
by Art,and opportune hauens, to which they build theircitics: All which 
wc haue in like meafure,or at leaft may haue. But thcirchicfeft Lodeftone, 
which drawes all manner of commerce 2ndmarchandizs,which maintained 
their prefent notferulky of foyle,bue induftry that enrichcth them, 


Vemocrttus to the (Reader. 

44 chc gold mines of Peru , or HyvaHiftania may not compare with them. 
They hauc neither gold nor filuer of their owne 3 winc nor oyle,or fcarce a- 
ny corne growing in thofe vnited ProuinceSjlictle or no wood 3 TinnCjLead, 
Iron, Silke, Wooll, or any ftuffealmoft, or any mettle; and yet Hungary ^ 
Tranfiluania jhat brag of their mines, ferule England cannot compare with 
thcm.I dare boldiy fay,that neither Frances, Tarentum^pulia, Lombardy y 
Italy ydence in Sf&inc&i that pleafanc AntU/ufia s with their excellent fruits, 
wine and oylc,twoharueftSjno not any partof£//r^<r isfo flourifhing, fo 
rich,fo"populous 5 fo full of good fhippes, ofwell built cities, fo abounding 
with all things nccciTary for the vfc of man. J Tis cur Indies an Epitome of 
Cbina^nd all by reafon of their induftry and commerce. Induftry is a Lode- 
ftone to draw all good things, that alone makes Counrrics flourish;, Cities 

* ?opuii muht- populous* and will enforce by reafon of much manure, which neceflarily 

tvdtdiijenti foliowcs a barren foyIe 5 to be fertile and good. 

'fafiUm.'me- Tell me Politicians 3 wh y is that fruitfull Pale/linapoblc Greece, ^£gypt t 
imi!b.%.cA?.i. i^4fta Minor So much decayed,andfalne from that they were ? The ground 
is the fame; but the gouernrnentis altered, the people are gcowne flothfull, 
id!c,their good husbandry and in duftry is decayed. N4ay a man beleeue that 
. ... ... which Art A x otlc inhisPoliticks,/^«/4«/«5/, StephanusJ5ophiamuJjerbeliusi& 

defelintur, & lace or old Qreece_j> I fand ol old 70 cities tn Epyrm ouerthrownc by Paulus 
mog*a ex parte ^/Emtltus ^ goodly Province in times paft, t now left defolate of cities, and 
^uttGtl&M ^ mo & °f a ^ inhabitants.52 Cities in Macedonia in Strabo's time, I find 30 in 
dtfirip.Gr*ci*. £*r0#/^,but now fcarce fo many villages,faith C7^<?i/«i'. Where are thofe 
4000 cities oft^7// 3 thofe 100 cities in Crete} arc they now come to two? 
What faith Pliny of old Italy ? Befius and Macbiauel } both gtant them now 
nothing neerc fo populous 3 and full of cities as in the time of Augufius , and 
llim'kgiolei *f wc ma Y beleeue * £*vyj\ot then fo populous as of old 5 they raftered 70 
fcfyt* dicutar: legions in former times \yvhich now the knocone world rv/ll/carceyeeld. K^Alex* 
qwvkeihddit, a >tder built feuenty cities in a {hort fpace for his parlour Sultans and Turkej 
demolifh twice as many, and leaue all defolate. Many will not beleeue that 
our ]fland of great £r///^/'/;tf is now more populous theneuer it was 5 but 
let them read Bede s Leland x and others, and it mod flourithed in the Saxon 
Heptarchy ,and in the Conquerors timc,wa3 farFC bctteE inhabited, then at this 
day.Sec that Domefday book,& ftiew me thofe thoufands of panfhes 5 which 
ate now decayed,cities ruincd,villages depopulated &c. The lefier the Ter. 
ritory is,commonly the richer it h.Parvus fed bene cult us ager. As thofe A* 
thenian y Laeedemonian J Arcadian,»ALlian % Sycionian^Mc[[eritan&^ 
wealths of Greece make ample proofe, As thofe Impertall cities & free ftatcs 
©f Germany may witncs,thofe Cantons o$Switz,ers i Rheti i Grifonsjvallowns, 
Tufcany^Pedemcnt, Mantua^Venice in Italy ,Ragufe^cJrc. 
p PstitJib.ix.t That Prince thercfore,as p Boterus aduifcth jthat will haue a rich country, 
and faire cities.let him get good trades, priuilcdges, painfull Inhabitants^- 
tificerSjand fuffer no rude matter Tin,Iron 3 Wooli,Lead,&c. 
ofdoJblttd t0 ^ c tranfported out of his country . * A thing in part fcrioufiy attempted 
Srcffing.&c. amongft vs,but not etfe&ed.Andbccaufe induftry of men, and multitude of 
trades fomuch auailc&to the ornament and enriching ofakingdomej thofe 
\rakim lib. anc ient ] Mafilianswonld admit no man into their city, that had notfome 
*** tU uzdcSelym the fitli T urhjb Empcrour,procurcd a thoufand good artificers 


Democritus to the reader. 

to bebrought from Tauris to Conflantinople^.Thc Polanders indented with 45 
Henry Duke of Anion yhcix new chofen King, to bring with him an hundred * Hi fi- *<otM 
families of Artificers into Poland. James the firft in Scotland ( as * Buchanan \^/f^ 9 
writes,/ fent for the beft Artificers he could get in Europe , andgatie*thcm uls<oncb i**« 
great rewards,to teach his fubic&s their fcucrall trades, Edward the third, cl - temtftT ', 
our moft renowned King, to his cternall memory , broughc cloathirg firft 
into this Hand, tranfporting fomc families of Artificers from Gaunt hither. 
How many goodly cities could I reckon vp ; that thriue wholly by trade, 
where thoufands of inhabitants Hue lingular well by thjir fingers ends j as 
Florence in Italy } by making cloath of gold : great MilUn by fllke,and all cu- 
rious workes: ^irras in Artois,by thoie faire hangings; many cities in Spai» % 
many in France ^Germany, haue none other maintenance, cfpeciafry thole 
within the Land. \ Mecha'm Arabia Petr<ea, ftandsinamclt mfruitMcouH 
try,that wants water 5 amongft rockes ('as ^r^w.f^wdf ■■'cubes if) ardyct 
it is a moft elegant and pleafant city,by reafon of the ttifficke of the Eait & l*!™^'-?*^ 
Weft. Or mm in Perfia is a moft famou » Mart towne, and hath nought els 74. %o im:& 
but the opportunity of thchaucntomakeitflourift]. Corinth 3 noble city, r ^!" : r ccun ' 
(lumen GracU T uHy calls it) the eye of Greece, by reafon of Cenchreas & Le- temt'wur 
cheusthofe excellent Ports, drew all that itraffick of the Ionian and ss£gean faffafyb 
fcas to it: and vet the country about it was curva & fuper cil efa.zs * Strabo me,t f^' 1 ^' 

• 1 11 n xkt r t r r r r-» / ma,' t dentil 

termes it,ruggcd and harm. We may lay the lame ot Athens, Acsium, The »eginniwna,& 
pes, ta<fk inoft of thofe townes in Greece^. N:remberg( in Germany is h> ?^*g 
ted in a moft barren foyle,yct a noble imperiall city, by the folc induftry of t&afpMm'fijK 
ArriSccrs,andcunning trades , they draw the riches of moft Counttiesto *Litiedit.atfi* 
them,fo expert in manufactures , that as lone fince pane out of the c i h j-' l0 f re ^ 

1-1 / / • J • • • I ) x r x 11 ~ bllgl./ia \6l6. 

luc.fedem animdin extremis digitu invent their loule, or intcUecltu agens, exfedit h s'uuu, 
was placed in their fingersendsjand foof Bafil^spire^>,Cambray } Francfurt, t r hi whites 
ejrc.h is almoft incredible to fpcake what * Mat.Ricctm the Iefuir, and lome tcmlmm^aS* 
other 1 ;, relate of the induftry of the Chinaesmofk populous Counrries ; not a trofteii 
beggar or an idle pcrfon to be feene , and how by that meanes they profper {ft * 
and flourifh.Wchaue:hefamemeancs,ab]ebodies ; pliant wirs 5 matterofall Lib.^. Befc 
forts^VoolIjFlaxejronjTin^eadjWoodj&c. Many excellent fubicchto '#?(' S(ffl 
worke vpon,only induftry is wanting.In moft of our cities/omc few excep- ^^dutui-" 
tcd 3 like \sptnifb\oyxtxzxs % vve line wholly by tipling, Innes and ' Alehoofcs, fpmmtotti 
Malting are their beft pIoughs,their greateft trafficke to fell Ale. b Meteran, v ** m > yP 1 **^ 
and fomc others obiccl; to vs, that we are no whit fo induftrious as the Hoi- ^tcs flZi 
Under si Manual! trades ( faith he ) which are more cari&m or troublefome 3 are n*nu*ri* qu* 
wholly exercifedby fir angers, they dwell in a Sea full effjb, hut they arefo idle, ^mln^Uhem 
they will not catch fo much as foallferue their ownc_^ tames, but buy it of their & d>ffiadtatis 

neighbours. Pudethxcopprobria nobis. miorewq,re- 

Et dtctptuijfe&nonfctuiffercfelh. JtHmJifert^ 
I am afhamed to hcare this obieded by ftrangcrs, and know not how to an- nU & esttrU 
fwere ir.Amongft our Townes there is only c London that bcarcs the face of Tt7n\TfUc». 
acittv, a Epitome Britannia, a famous Emporium, fecond to none beyond 0*>o 
feas^i noble Mart:But fota crefcit. decrement ibm alys; and yet in my (lender ^''^J^ 
iudgment,defc&iuc in many things.'.Thc reft ( c fome few excepted) arc in ^Jim^Mie 

Jkftcerir, fed d 

ticiwwtrteofHatiir. c Frhtmmittitmtxoqj potent &robortgMiiSc<i!i$tT- * Cafnictt. c Yoike, Briftow, Noi- 
vich, Wotcclicr,&c. 

g meane 

Vemocrtttts to the Reader. 

45 meanc eftate, poore and full of beggers, by rcafon of their decayed trades, 
idlenefle of their inhabit ant s,rio t,w hich had rather beg or loytcr, & be rea- 
dy to ftarue,then worke. 
. i caa.not deny, but that fbnaething may be faid in defence of our cirics, 

argument! be- f that they are not fo faire built,rich a thicke wcd,populous, as in fome other 
caufc Gentle countries^befides the reafons Cardan giues Subti/Mk.n. wewantWine& 
vs^th^coo- Oylc,thcir two Harucfts, wee dwell in a colder Ayre, and therefore mufta 
try villages, little more liberally S feed of flefli,as all Northerne Countries doc: out pro* 
our cities are u jfion will not therefore extend to the maintenance of fo many : yet not- 
thmgw the withftanding we haue matter of all forts, an open Sea for tramck,as well as 
purpote,put the reft.goodly hauens. And how can we excufe our negligence, our riot, 
VJia°-s 4 iri a drunkennefle,&c.and fuch enormities that follow it? Wee haue excellent 
shirl.ande- Lawes ena&ed,you wil fay,fcuere ftatutc^houfes of corrc<5tion,& fmal 
ucry village purpofc it fcemes , it is not houfes will fcrue, but cities of corredtionj" our 
demanwhat tra( * es generally ought to be rcforrncdjWants fupplied. In other Countries 
is 400 fami- they haue the fame grieuances, J confclTe , but that doth not excufe vs, 

crcaf° f t Wa0tS ^ £ f C ^ S :> CnOrm ^ C ^ 

ouTcki^or futcs,m any lawes made againft the., to repreffe thofc innumerable brawles 
to contend & Law-futcs,exceflein apparell, diet, decay of tillage, * efpecially againft 
XicMhnd r°g« cs >Deggars,Egyptian vagabonds (fo termed at leaft Jwhich haue ^war- 
thicker j and \TiZd&Q\*ttGerm*ny,PranceJtaljJ > oUndpsyoxx 

whereas ours zitn^nd Aventtnw, Asthofe Tartars 2nd Arabians at this day doe in all 
ttf^'LXcirs thofe Eafterne countricsjyct fuch hath beene the iniquity of all ages , as it 
confift of feemes tofmallpurpofc.i(/J»0/# noftrd civit&te mendktu efto, faith Plato, 
bitan°s inhabi ~ ncvv ^ haue them purged from a J commonwealth, m as ai <ad humour frem 
\ zMancipis !o~ the bodyfhty are fckcfo many vlcers and boyJes, and mutt bee cured before 
tuples egetaris the melancholy body can be cafed. What Carol/a Magnw, tbc Chwefe^hc 
cappadocum rex Spaniards, Di\Vc of Saxony, and many other ftates haue decreed in this cafe, 
% Maxim part xzzdArmfcus cap. i p t Boteru*lib.2.cap,2. Oforiiu de rebus gefl.Emax.lib.u. 
^mmupoU When a country is oucrftorcd with people; as a pafture is oft ouerlaid with 
tibl'h'fl! 1 ' cattle, they had wont in former times to disburden themfelucs, by fending 
h Kefr<enatem- ©ut Colonies,or by warres, as thofc old Romanes^ or by imployingthemac 
K 2ltuckrcsa- homc abouc fomc publike btlildings,as bridges.rodc wayes,for which thofe 
Untur ocie,red< Romanes were famous in this iland: As i^Auguflu* Caftrdid in Rome, the Spa,* 
riito'taiS ****** m tneir ****** Mines: n Aquedu&s,bridgcs, hauens, thofc ftupend 
h^TureZ utlii workes of T raianflaudim at \Ojlium^ucinu4 lacus, that Pir^um in Athens, 
baneflum mgo- naade by Tbemi (lodes ^Amphttheatrums ofcurious marblc,as at Verona Ciui* 
'mtlZfl'Sil' tas ph * ll PP* aod Heraclea in Thrace, thofe Appian and Plaminian wayes,pro- 
tufbayijihis digious workes may witnefle: and rather then they fhould be * idle, as thofc 
ml* medentur, °Egyptian Pharaoes ; Marti & Sefoftris did,to task their fubie&s to build vnne- 
t(!UtLl m Mor. ceflfcry pyramidcsjobeliskesjabyrinthes^hannelsjlakes.todiuert them from 
Vtop.B.i. rebellion/iotjdrunkenneflc, f quo fcilicet alantur, ejr ne vagando labor are* 
i^fnha- de r ue r cam 

tufton eft excr- ) ' 
tere tmpermft 

i,t mtndicos, fed'm opulentcs. l^neftregmfccusjed earceriscffeeujles. Jdem. f Ctfmog. 3 lib. c»p.i. k CoOmms tmuum 
mrab'dei excofti fo!e,irnmund}vefie,fxdivifu,fmtis imprimis acres, &c. ' Sentct. Haud minus tuipia princ/pt nmlu Cupp i. 
tu>, quammcXuomiihafumr*. m .Acpituttam &bilemacorporc,(uJeteg.)omr?et vult extemmri. » See lif fa jfttoi 
ratda. f DcqioSmtomfiAinClMd!o,&?linimeap^6. u Awfis &%ypti rex Jegempr omul guvitjtt omtifubdhiqur.tatttis 
ratmc*i,eddew,tvndeviver:ni. * l< r tegejlatifrnuli& iguvi* ocemttur, opijicit e«nd^unmr t tenuet pMatxtJ tsoinut 
#M.«|».M»w.*7o. t Bufc§ldMdifcurJitl>9lit.(*?.*. 


Vemocritus to the Reader. 

Another cye-fbre is that want ofconducl and navigable Riuers ,a great 47 
blcrai(h,asP Beterusji Hippelitus kCoHibus pndoihti Politicians hold), if it f CT f^f m " 
be neglected in a Common-wealth. Admirable coft and charge is beftowed Vu*ldeL-' 
in the Low-countries on this bchalfcjn thcDutchy of^//7/<*«^pptory of am xib Qbm 
Padua.m r Franco Jtaly,chtnt£x\d fo likewife about corrivaticmsof waters ^"^l^ t 
to moiften and refrcfh barren grounds>to drcane fennes, bogges & moores. 1 inmiMm * 
Mafimiffa made many inward parts of Barbary, zwdNumidia in ^jricke^, commoditatim 
before his timc,incult and horrid,fruitfull and battable by this meancs.Great V unfl*vh"aX 
induftryis generally vfed all oucr thofc Eafterne countries in this kind, efpe- ptokt&t % b». 
chlly in ^gypt about Babyhn,ind Damafcus,*s Tertcmannus, and * Getar- \™Jf d f t ^ t * m 
dus Art has relate; about Bercelana,Seg0uia pnd many other places of Spain: * Jru i. orient. 
by reafon ofwhich,their foyle is much improtied,and infinite commodities 
arifc to the Inhabitants. The T urkes of late attempted to cut that lflmos be- 
twixt Ajrtcke and Afia, which* Sefoftris and Dar /us, and fome Pharaohs of expeltibmam* 
v£gypt had formerly vndertakcn 5 but with ill fucccfle, as a Diedcrus Si cuius 
rccords,and Pliny , for thatthered Sea being three Cubits higher then i/E. dim,bidumr>- 
g ypt, would hauc drowned all the country. c*pto deft/terant y thcy left off; yet ta »w*tur>a- 
as the fame b Diodorus writes/ tolemy renewed the work many yc ares after, jK/* w **" 
and abfolued it in a more opportune place. That Jftmos of Cor /nth was like- 1 fatlm pedes 
wife vndertaken to be made navigable by Demetrius y by lultusCxfar, Nero, bu n«<l°& 
D omit tan J-Ierodj.o makcalpeedy paffage >and leflc dangerous/rom rhe It- *i;*.i. M />.j. 
man and o^£gean Seas. Thuanus and $errts\\\z French hiftorians 3 (peakc of a c vim.T*ufit' 
famous Aqueduct in France, intended in Henry the fourths time 3 from the ^kli^'liun 
Loyre 10 \hc Seine 2nd from Rh&danus to Loyre. The like to which y was for- Jler.Cifmcg.M 
mcrlyafTaiedby Dom/t /an ihcEinpciour, c from ^drar 10 Mojella , which *- ea Pi 6 - ut 
Cornelius T tcitus fpc.iks of,in the £ 3 ofhis Annals, after by Charles the gteac naviga/"& 
and others. Much c<; 11 hath formerly beene bellowed in cither new making mm »* pcricxiofi 
or amending, channels of riuers, and their paffases/as injure lianus didbv tcharlcs thc 
Tybur y to make ir naui gable to R*me y \o convay come from ^gypt to the ci« boucto make 
tyjvadum alvet tumentU ejfod/t,(mh Vopifcus^ejr Tyburis ripas extruxit, hce a f . hann dl fro 
cutfordes,made banks,&c.)decayed hauens, which Claudius the Empcrour ^wMTitlt 
with infinite paines and charges attempted at Oftiajs J haue faid, Thc Venc- tifrifr 
tuns at this day to prcferue their city: many excellent rncanes to enrich Gcr - thi L lui,ls 
their Tertitorics,haue beeue fofteredjnvcnted in mod Provinces of £*™/><r, IbJm weft* 
as planting fome Indian plants amongft vs,Silkcwormes,i* the very Mulbe- H 60 " 
ryleauesinthcplaincsof(jrj»^, yecld 30000 crownes per annum, to the ^ to j^' 
King of Spames coffers, befides thofe many trades and artificers that are bu- ft hter/eoeet 
ficd about them in the kingdome oiGranado y Murc'/a, and all ouer Spaing, dentis & stp- 
JnFr^^agreatbenefiteisraifcdby falt 9 &*. Whether thefe things might ufam!***' 
not be as happily attempted with vs,and with like fuccefle,it way becontro- x Mf^m 
verted: Silkcwormes fl mcanej Vines,Firtrees 3 &c. Cardan exhorts Edward * gr ' 
the plant Oliucs v & is fully perfwaded they wonld profper in this Hand. 
Withvs s nauigablc riucrs arc moft part ncglcclcd 5 our ftrcames are not 
great,I confelTe , by reafon of thenarrownefle of the Iland 3 yet they runne 
fmoothly and euen,not headlong, fwift, or amongft rockes and fhducs, as 
foming Rbodannsjxid Loyre in Franco t rygru in MefopoUmUfi\o\cnt D»ri- 
ms in Spaine.with Catarads and whirlepooles as the Rhine, and Danubim,*- f simkm to 
boat ShaphanJe^Laufenbstrg^LmZy and Cremmes, to endanger Navigators: rtfjitketMx 

Vemotritm to the (Reader, 

4 8 

T Camden in 
» Ncarc St 

• LifmGiral- 
^Afileim 1.4- 
am inter homi- 
nes* talk \ux 
tultm e[i t litittm 
omnium &'mr- 
pinquos arbiter 
& difceptator. 
Adverfiu iracu- 
dvaritiam, Hbt- 
dinem, uteraq t 
animi bumani 
yitia,& mon- 
jlra. Philofbpbut 
ifie Hercules fa- 
it. Pefleseos 
mntibus exegit 

or broad ftialloWjas Neekar in the Palatinate % Tybru in Italy • but calme and 
faire as Arar in France ,Hebrus in Macedonia. JLurotts in Laceni&jhcy gently 
glide along,& might as well be repaired many of them f 1 mean me,T rent^ 
°»Jt}Tljgjtfs at Oxford f the defe&ol which wee fcele inthcmeanetimej 
astheriucrof£f£from Ware to London* 7 B\(hopi^<ftwater of old, made a 
Channcllfrom Trent to Z/^/^navigable ; which now,faith M r Camden, 
is decayed,and much mention is made of Ancrcs,and fuch like monuments 
found about old 1 ferulamiumftiippcs haue formerly come to Exeter, and 
many fuch places,whofe Channels, Hauens, are now barred and rcie&ed. 
We contemne this benefit of carriage by waters, and are therefore compels 
led in the inner parts of this Jland, becaufe carriage is fo deare, to eat vp our 
commodities,our felues,and liue like fo many Boares in a ftye, for want of 
vent and vtterance.We haue many excellent Hauens, royall Hauens, Fsl- 
mouth,Portf mouth ,Milf or d, ^.equivalent, it not to be preferred to that/»- 
dian Havana 5 old Brunduftum in Italy , AulU in Greecc^^Ambracia in o^r- 
nania 3 Suda in Oftf^which haue few fhippes in them, little or no traffick or 
tradc,which haue fcarfe a Village on thcm,able to beare great cities,^ vi- 
derint politici.] could here iuftly taxe many other ncgledts, abufes, errours, 
defects amongft vs,and in other countries,depoputanons, not, drunkennes, 
&c.and many fuch, qtmnunc in auremfufurrare non libct \ But I mufttake 
heed,»tf quidgravius dicamjhzt I doe not ouerfhoot my (elfe^ I am forth of 
my element,asyou peradvcnturefuppofc.and fometimes*i/*T//^ odiumpa- 
r it, zs he fz\d,veriuice and otemeale U good for a ? arret. 

We haue good lawes,l deny not ,to rcctifie fuch enormities, and fo in all 
other countries,but it feemes not alwayes to good purpofe. W 7 c hnd ncede 
of fome generall vifitcr in our age,that fhould reforme what is smiflej ano- 
ther Attila,T tmberlan^Hercules to ftriue with Achelom^Augct ftabulttm pur- 
gare,t® fubdue tyrants,as a he did Diomedes and BuJirUi to expell theeues as 
he did Cacusznd Lacintw, to vindicate poorecaptiucs,as he did Hefione: to 
paffe the Torrid Zone,and the delerts of £?/>/4,and purge the world of mon- 
fters and Centaures* Or another Theban Crates to reforme onr manners, to 
compofc quarrels,cnd controucrfies^as in his time he did, and was therfore 
adored foragodin^;^/?5. b ^W^Hercules/'»^^/^)Vi)r/^ of mcnflers y 
andfubdued did he fight again/} Enuyjuft \anger ^uartce , <4r. and all 
thofeferati vices and monfters of the were to be wifhed wc had fome 
fuch vifitor,or if wiftnng would ferue,one had fuch a ring or rings, as Time- 
lam defired m c Lucian t by vertue of which he fhould be as ftrong a§ ten thou- 
{and men,or an army of Gyants,goe inuifible, open gates and caftle doores 
haue what treafurc he would,tranfport himfelfe in an inftant to what place 
he would,alter arTe6tions,curc all manner of difeafes that he might range all 
ouer the world,and reforme all diftrefled dates andperfons , as hee would 
hirofelfe.He might reduce thofe wandring Tartars in order,that infeft china 
on the one C\6e,Mufc0Uj, Poland onthcothcr i & tame thofe vagabond ArabU 
ans that rob and fpoile all thofe Eaflernc_j countries, that they fhould neuer 
vfe more Carauans or Ianifaries to conduct them.He might root out Barba- 
rifme out of America, and fully difcouer Terra Auftralu Incognita, findc out 
thofe North-Eaft and North-Weft palTagcs, dreane thole mighty M*otia» 
fennesjCtit down thofe vaft Wrcinian woods,irrigate thofe barren Aralian 


Vemocritiu to the Reader. 

defcrts,&c. Cure vsofourEpidemicalldifeafes, Scerbutum^lmjnorbus 49 
Ne^olitunm, ejrc k }End all our idle controuerfies 3 cut off our tumultuous dc- 
fires,inordinatclufts/ootouthcrcfie,fchifmcand fupcrftition, which now 
fo crucifies the world. Purge Italy of luxury and riot; Smjufrof perdition 
andicaloufic^r^tf/ofdrunkenneffc, andallour NoflBrne countries of 
gluttony and intemperance^ caftigate our hard-hearted parents 5 mafters 3 tu. 
tors-, lath difobedient children 3 negligent fcruants 3 corrcct thefe fpendthrifts 
and prodigall fonnes 3 cnformc idle perfons to worke,driue drunkards out of 
the alehoufe 3 reprc{Tc theeues,vifit corrupt a,nd tyrannizing magiftrates &c. 
But as L.Lacomus taxed TtmoUus $ou may vs.Thefe are vaine,abfurd,and ri- 
diculous wifhes 3 not to be hoped: all mud be as it is , there is no remedy for 
it,itraay notberedrefl'ed , de(inent turn demumjlultefcere , qudndoejf^j 
Aefinent) fo long as they can wagge their bcards 3 they will play the fo'oles. 

becaufe therefore ir is a thing lb difficult, impo(Tible_, and farrc beyond 
Hercules labours to be performed, let them be ftupid, as they are, let them 
c tyrannizc>Epicurizc,opprciTe 3 luxuriate, confume themfelues, liuc in riot, \^ ut f?*'^£. 
poucrty^mifery/cbelljWallovv as fo many fwine in their ownc dung ; and as hue. 
Vlyffes companions, jlultcsiubeo e(felibemer.l\v'\\\ yet fatisfie and plcafe my 
fclte, makean/^/* ofmineowne, a pocticall common-wealth ol mine 
owne,in which J wiil freely dominccrc, build citics,make lawes, ft atutes 3 as 

1 lift my felfc. And why may J not? — d FiRoribm at% po'eti*,drc d Her ° 

You know what liberty Poets haue euer had, and befides , my P redeceflor 
Democrttm was a Politicians Recorder of Abdcra, a law-maker as fome fay, 
and why may not I prefume as much as he did? Howfoeuer I wil adventure/ 
For the Site 3 if you wil needs vrge me to it 3 I am not yet fully refolued,it may 
be in T trra Aaftralis l/?co?»ita t thcvc is roome enough f for of my knowledge 
neither that hungry Spamardpoi Mer curias Britxnmcus^ haue yet dilcoue- ©2nji»k* 
red halfc of it) or clfe one of thofe floting Hands in Mare del Z«r,which like ' 1 " 
the Cyanian Jles in the Euxine Sea, alter their place, and are accctfible oncly 
at fet times,and to fome few perfons; or one of the Fortunate Iles 3 for who 
knowes yet where, or what they are ? There is roome enough in the inner 
parts of Ameriea.&, Northetnecoafts of^i.But J will chufe a fitc,* whole 
latitude fhall be 45 degrees, in tl\e midft of the cemperat Zone, or perhaps 
vndcr t\iCv£quttor, th*t Paradife of the world ; W>/ femper virem laurus f ejr£. 
where is a perpctuall Spring: the longitudefor fome reafons I will conceal. 
Yet, be it knowne to nil men by thefe prefects, that if any honeft Gentleman 
wiil fend in fo much mony , as Ctrdxn allowcs an Aftrologcr for calling a 
Natiuiry,he (hall be a fharerj will acquaint him with my proie6t} or if any 
worthy man will ftand for ahy temporall or fpirituall office or dignity, (for 
as he faid of his Arcbifhopricke otytoptaltisfancfusambztus^and not amifle 
to be fought after) it (hall be freely giuen, withoutallinterceffions, bribes, 
lctters 3 &c,his owne worth fhallbe the heft fpokefman ; & becaufe we (hall 
admit of no deputies or advoufons j iflie be fufficiently qualified,and as able 
as willing to execute the place himfelfe, he fhall haue prefent poffcflion. It 
fhall be diuided into fome 1 2 or 1 3 Prouinces 5 aBd thoie by hils^iuers^ode- 
waycs,or fome more eminent limits exactly bounded, EachProuincc (hall 
haue a Metropolis^ which flaall be fo placed as a Center,almoft in a circumfc- 
ference, and che reft at cquajl diftances, 12 it At ah miles afandcr, or there* 

g 3 about^ 

VemocntHs to the <i(cader. 

jo about ,and in them (lull bec fold all things ncccflary for the vfe of man,/*/* 
horu dr dtebwpo market towncs, markets or faires,for they doe but beggar 
cities ( no village (hall ftand aboue fixe, fcucn,or eight miles from a city, ex- 
cept thofe Emporiums which are by the Scafidc,generall Staples, Marts, as 
i^Aniveeffeyenmeficrgcn of o\^London;&e .c\uc% moft part,(haibe iituatc 
vpon navigable raTers or lakes, crcckcs,hauens T and for their forme, regular, 
round,fqtiarc,orlongfquarc, t with fairc,broad,and (height* ftreets,hou* 
llti" fts vniforrue,>uiIc 01 bricke and ftonc, like Bruges \Bruxels,Rhcgtum Le/>td/ 9 
^Tdeinliit. ' Berna in Switzerland, MsHan^Mantua^ Cremi, Cambalu in Ttrtary defended 
Ktifuit. ' by M.Poluf^Qi that Venetian Palma* I will admit very few or no 1 ubu rbs 3 and 
]ollmZ^kfi. thofe ofbaferbuildingjwallsonelytokecpcoutmanand boric, except itbe 
m AYift.foiit. in forne frontier towncs,or by the Seafide, and thofe to be fortified f after 
*4M'.^'- the latpft manner of fortification, ardfite vponcouvenient hauens,orop* 
mm . . mo. p Qrtunc p) aces J n cucry fo built city, I will haue convenient Churches and 
{ With wails Churchyards to bury the dead in, a cittadeHa to command it, prifons for all 
ofcarth.&c. ff cnt j crSj0 ppq rtunc market places of ail forts,for come, meatjCattlc/tiell, 
fifti 3 &c.Commodious Courts ofJuftice,ptibIike Hals for all Societies,Bur« 
tJep^H'bb. fcs,meeting places, Armories,* in which fhallbe kept engins for quenching 
1.& Tactile* of fire, Artillery Gardens, publike waikes, Theaters and fpacious fields 
Mn*l.t$ hb. allotted for all Gyrnnicks/ports, and honeft recreations, Hofpicals of all 
kindes for children^orphansjold folkes, fickmcn, madmen, fouldiers, peft- 
honfes 7 not bu'\\tprecArib,oi by gowty bcnefac"tors,butj<r.* publico srario^r.d 
fo maintained,***/? nobis (slum nati fumus^&c, I will haue Conduits of fwecc 
tfiitTirifoni- and good Water .aptly.difpofed in each townc, common b granaries, as ac 
tpt'iT*™: ® re J^ CH m Mifnia,Stetein in Pomerland^orembcrge^&c^MiVe fchooles 
Visj&velJium 01 ~ a ^ kindes,muficke,dancing,fcncing,&c. efpecially of Grammer, and Lan- 
Hb.x.tap.iM guages,nortobetaughtby thofe tedious precepts ordinarily vfed, but by 
t So/w n- t v ^ c ' examplc 3 converfation,as trancllcrs leamcabroad,& nurfes teach their 
ves thinkes children. As I will haue all fuch places, fo will 1 haue * publicke goticrnours, 
tefi,jmmiui fit officers to each placc^reafurerSjSediles^ueftorSjOuerfeers of pupils, wi. 
* p/i°M l*de dowes go©ds,and all publicke houfesj&c. and thofe once a yeare to make 
Ug.&diies crc- ftrict accompts,of all rcccipts,expences,to auoid confufion, & fic fietut non 
f!r*!fatnlvi' A tf u7KAnt f as ^ Un y to Trdi * n ) quodpudcat dtcers. They fhall be fubordisatc 
aijorm^iate- to thofe higher officers and governors ofeach city, which fbal not be paorc 
*>& idiem* Tradefmcn s & meanc Artificers, but noblemen and gentlemen, which fhall 
rukifMcm k c tie< * to rcfi^ence in thofe towncs they dwell next, at fuch fet times & fca- 
Vtntamm de fons: for I fee no rcafonf which f Hippol/tus complaines of ) that ttfheuld l/e 
fa*omria&c more dfyo*or&ble for noblemen t'ogouerne the cityjhen the country ,or vnfeem- 
Gowdm & b to dwell there novojben of $ld. % I wil haue no bogges,fenncs 5 marifhes,vaft 
*lios. woodsjdcfertSjheatbSjCoramonSjbut all inclofcdjfor that which is commo 
Irbuy"™"*. and euerymans,is no mans ; the richeft countries arc ftillenclofcd, as EJfex 
ynuH'tw *» Kent witn vsfrc.SptineJtdlK & where inclofurcs are leaft in quantity they 
9n -"nSm afC * ^ kusbanded,as about Florence in Italy, Damafcus in Sjrix } & c . which 
ft Mrbes benimnitM colerevuncqudm elimsKtctbruftM g ^ tant'H m 

quidemfoH multm rtlir.quiiurjit vtrumfit ntptll'tcmq*Mcm agrlln bn reginnibiu fierilem ata ntftctmdum rttmriMmtL lit 
Wgh*/!u*uflaniudercgiJoCbin<eJibA.c«p.5. * W Ctvw in his furvay of Cot vmH, iaith, that before tha« countn' wu 
inclofed^hc husband men drankc watcr,did eatc little or no bread. ( fol.6%M.\.) their apparell was ceurfe th 
barclecgcd,their dwelling was correfpondent.but ^nceinc]ofurc,they liue decently, and haue monytofpend TfT^\ 
when theirfirld? were common,thcii vvooll was courfe Cernifh haire. but ITncc inclofure, it is almoft as pcod ^c'tr 
^wW>aud their foile much mended. Tnffer cap.^i of his of his opinion, one acre indofed is worths* 
CQtnakon. Tbecmtr^iadofedlfmfeiTbcttberdeliikttbnoi^ ' tnrcc 


Democritus to the Reader 

are likec gardens } thcn fields. J will not luue a barren acre in ail myTcrrito- 51 
llcs,not lo much as the toppes of mounraincs, where Nature failes,it fhaibe 
fupphed by art, k lakes and riuers (hali not be left defolate.rill publike high * imrediblik 
wayes,bridges,corriuations ofwacers, Aqucdu£ts,ChanncIs,pur>!ifcs works, uiaguimm 
buildin2s,5c.outofa + common ftocke, curioufl/ maintained a«d kept in :!uy m - 
repairer no dcpopulations,ingroliiugs, alterations ot wood, arable, but by q,am m t0 *th 
theconfent of fome fuperuifors.that fhall be approbated for that pm pole* &: [ en 'ff?»- 
(ball fee what reformation ought to be had in ailpUces.whit is amine, how Itl^-jf^ 
to helpc ir, Et quid qu&fyferat regio^ quid f«4& rt cufet, Sufat lib. ■ . c 3, 

What ground is aptcft lor wood, what for k ccrne,\vb: r tor cau'e "ajde s. j 1° '^"HMf- 
orchards 5 fithponds,cVc. what for Lords, what for Tenants, 5. bccaule »■ icy 2 a «.ii]o*f» 
ftiall be better incouraged to improuefuch lands they hold, manure, pUftt • hndp .cf 
trees dreane,fcnce,cVc.they fhall haue long lcafes, a known rerir, ind ki o m 1 B /,^ c 1 J "' ; e ~ 
fine/o free them from thofe intolerable exactions of tyranniz r g jaodloi ds. </ p«* haitr. 
Tbcfe fit per 11 ifors fhall likewifc appoint, what quantity ofland m each Ma 'ijg*Jfa' : P^ 
nor is fit forthelords{*Demefnes, what for holding of Tenants, howjt ' Hup^ta* 
ought to be husbandcd s how to be manured^tilled. rectified, and what pro- i/,f yemnt 
portion is fit for all callings, becaufe private pofteflbrs are many times idi- 
otSjiil husbands,opprefiors,couetous, and know not how to imprcue their tfti>*$ mujjk 
ownc.or elfe wholly refpect their ownc,and not pubkkc good. vmfcurt Gra- 

Ftopitn parity is a kind of gouernmcnt 5 to be wifhed forgather then effe- cZ'g. *' 
c"rcd,and Putoes commtiniry in many things impious abfurd 6V ridiculous^it 
takes away all fplcndor and magniHcenccjl will haue feuerallorders .degrees 
ofnobilicy,&thofc hereditary, not rcic&ingyonger brothers in themeane 
timc,fjr they fhall be fulficicntly prouided for by penfions, or Co brought 
vp.thcy fhali be able to hue of thcmfelucs. J will haue fuch a proportion of 
ground belonging to euery Barony i 1 he that buyes the land .{hall buy the Es- 1 So is it in 
rony\ heethat by riot confumes his patrimony, and ancient fhall ^kingdoms 

r r 1 l \ r J- • rt 111 l. j ■ r r • i of Na P les > an ^ 

forten his honors. As lomc dignities Inalibe ncrcditary,io lome again by c- frm? t &c. 
lcction,or by gift /'befides free officeSjpcnfionSjannuitiesj like our Bifhop- x Sec0w/4W 
tkkes, Prevc/idsjbc Bajja's palaces in Turky, the f Procurators houfes and nifytofofa 
offices in Venice ^\\vl\\ like that golden apple,fhallbe giuen to the wortbieft dfrebusgeflk 
and b?ftdefcruing both in warre and peace,' as a reward of their worth and ^Xudlmi* 
g-od feruice,indasfomany goa'esforalltoaimcat i ^<'^y4/// ( 2r/^) and ^Hmdotut ' 
c c»urngements to others. Fori hate thefc feuet c , vnnaturall, harfh, Ger- f H a ^°i h ' 6 '- 
m.%n x Fre»ch,m& Venetian decrees 3 wbich exclude Plebeians from honors,bec uced^SL^m 
they ieuerfowife,rich J vcrtiious,valiant 3 & well qualified^ they muftnotbee ^ **gnm*b 
Putriciani^w . ftill keep their own ranke,this is nutura helium in/erre^diom ^mTmcmii 
to God & men,I abhorrc it.My forme of gouernment (hall be Monarchical, coqxi,&reiiqui 

f nunqmm libertaipratior extat artifices, in p*> 

QuAmfubregepiOt&c. few!awcs 5 butthofe f m *du»r,& 

fcuercly kent,plainly putdownc,and in the mother tonguc,that euery man cnqiuu a coquo 
•tmy vndcrftad. Euery city fhal haue a peculiar trade or priuiledge,by which f^^f/^- 
it fhall be chicfely maintained, m and parents fhall teach their children,one /evemidem 
of three at leaft, bring vp and inftrutSt them in the myfterics of their own ^"«fV« 
tr-'de. JneachtownethefefeaerallTradcfmen fhall be fo aptly difpo fed, as ofm^ll 
tlv) iTiall free the reft from danger or offence-, firc-trades,as Smyths, forge- mmutkmt 
men,brcwcrs,bakers 3 rnc«le™cn.&c.(hall dwell apart by thcmfeluesj diers 3 ^JJJ^*^ 

tanners, 9 m ' 

Democritus to the Grader. 

3*' tanners/ellmongers,&c. & fuch as vfe water in convenient places by them* 
felucs,noifome or fulfome for bad fmels,as butchers flaughtcr-houfc$,chan- 
!ers,curriers in remote places,orfomebackc lanes. Fraternities & compa- 
nies 3 I approue of^s Merchants Burfes,CoiIedgcs of Druggcrs, Phyfuians, 
Mufitians,&c.but all trades to be rated in the (ale of wares, as our Clerks of 
the market doe bakers and brewcrsjcorne it felfc, what fcarciry foeuer flhall 
« Hippa!t pel. comc,not to exceed fuch a pricc.Of fuch things as arc tranfported or broghc 
tibM dewrcn. in, a if they be neceflary things,& fuch as neerly concerne roans Jifc,as corne, 
Tu"ldem-> de wo °d J cole ) &c& f°cb prouifionwe cannot want, I will haue little or no cu* 
legiiw. qu'e ad ftomc paide,no taxes,but for fuch things as are for pleafurc^eligh^or orna- 
vitumneceipi- ment, as Wine, Spice, Tobacco 5 Silkc,Veluct 3 Cloth of gold^LaceJcwels, 
wmn^pufpt- &c.a great impoft. I will haue certaine (hips fent out for new difcoucries c- 
muiyitiumdc ucryyeare, b &fomedifcreet men appointed totraucll into all neighbour 
pcnaivctti™', Icingdomcsbyland, which fhallobferue what artificiall inventions, good 
'> ii*to Lawes arc in other Countries,cuftomes,alterations, or ought clfe,conccr< 
legibm. ningw^rre or peace, which may tend to the common good. Ecclefiafticall 
™§yMm£ I:) ilciplinc,^« E/^e/w/ubordinatc as the other. No impropriations^© 
moratult vids- Lay patrons of Church liuings,or one priuateman jbuttho(e Rectors ofBe- 
riniapud exte nc fi C es to be chofen outof the Vniucrfities, examined & approued as the//- 
rem^bmi^A f^att in Cw#4,No Pariln to containc aboue a thoufand Auditorsjf it were 
tut. ^ poffil>Ic,I would haue fuch Priefts fbould imitate Cbrtft, charitable Lawyers 
nfiveiti * m ^ ou ^ l° uc neighbour as themfelues 3 temperate & modoft Phyfitians, 
o nopienfei Politicians contemne the world,Philofophersfhould know themfelues,no- 
t £ C *\ta!r ^ cmcn ^ uc honcftly 3 tradefnaen leaue lying & cofcning,magiftr2res &c.buc 
fa£di& this is vnpoflible,! muft haue fuch as I may. I will therefore haue n ofLaw- 
vafre trident yers Judges, Advocates,Phyfitians,Chirurgions. ) &c. a fct number, ° &eue« 
fuftfimm r y ma, V* 11 Dc poffiblc,to plead hisowncaufe, to tell that tale to the Judge, 
tenfenthommm which he doth to his Advocate, as at Fez,\n4jr7cke 7 Bantam t i^4/cpp 0j R (l . 

^bJ^^a'] g' t f^^ u%m< l ui f^ CAU f eim ^ icereten€tur ' Thofe AdvocateSjChirurgions & 
nmelSr^ p Phyfitians,which are alIowed,to be maintained out of the f common trea- 
funtiquHUM fure,no fees to begiuen or taken , vpon painc of looting their places or if 
the y doe»vcry fmall fees, & when » the caufe is fully ended. *> He thatfues a- 
qttamutaquo- ny man,fhall put in a pledge, which if it be proued he hath wrongfully fued 
ti^imt t ™ s Aduer ^ r y' ral ' hl y or malicioufly,hc inall loofe. All caufes (hall bee plea- 
jhLqu'^cL fcdfippnfi nomimjhz parties names conceaIed,if fome circumftanccs do 
jMci g <it,camq t not othcrwife require. Judges & all other Officers (hall be aptly difpofed 
vZ'ltrL. 2n cach Prouince 5 vilIages,citics,as common arbitrators to hearc all caufes.fc 
wm frent pa- end all conrrouerfiesaio controverfie to depend aboue a yeare^but without 
traffic mws 3 ij delayes,& further appea!es,to be fpecdily difpatched, and finally conclu- 
&\Z:T{™i- deci in lime allotted.Thefe and all other inferiour Magiftrats to be choi 
lm efcietur. fen S as the literatim China , or by thofc exact fuffrages of the * Venetians 

fmdV'tx* and thoie SgainC nOC bc c,i £ ii)le 3 or ca P abIc of niagiftracics, honors jofficcs* 
publico viSLm f except they be fufficiently qualified for lcarning,manncrs, and that by the' 

fumunt. Boterm 

Uteris wpn progress f-c:r\nt mav.mti hmcribui ajficiumur/ecundsshnnoru grtdus milmbus aftgnatur , / ofiremi wdink » *1T 
mU y dol0um bommurn ludtci s in a'tiorem ham quifq, pr*fertur>& qui iphumu apprebatur, ampfom in rtpub Atmtatescu* ' 
<W. in hoc examine prima babtt> ittfigm per totam vuam dignitate irf&iitur, marchioni ftm\\U t out dud apudnos 


VemtcritM to the redder. 

ftri& approbation of deputed examinators , * firfl Schollcrs to take place, 53 
then Sculdiers.* If they misbehaue thcmfclues.tobcedcpofcd, and accor- * ctdmam 
dinelypunifhcd, & whether their Offices be annuall b orotherwifconce a ?^in Bern, 
yterc they fhall be called in cuieftion,& giue an accompt j for men are parti- inumfn* 
ill & pa(rionatc,mercile{re,couetoiis 3 corrupr 3 fubica to loue hatc,fearc, fa • JjjJJJ \ yj V 
•or Sccomne fub regno grauiore regnu* like Solans Areopagitesjsx tho(eRom<tn ou* Imer is vn« 
Cenfors,fome fhall viht others,* & be vifited themfelucs, d they fhall ouer- ^ ]e f z sl 
fee that no proling Officer, vndcr colour of authority, (hall infultoucr his natour.'m- 6 * 
inferiours,as fo many wild beafts^pprefle.domineerjfleajgnnd, or trample ftpmly «iepo- 
on,be partial or corrupt 5 but that there be *e[uabile/us,h\fticc equally done, ^jJjJJJ, 
liue as friends & brethren together; & iwhich * Sefetlsus would naue.and fo thtee yeares. 
much deftres in his Kingdome of Frar/e^ , a diapafon and fatet harmony G f An ^[ A c f* 
Kings, Princes, Nobles and Plebeians fo mutually tied and involved in loue , af ft d^ ipfesln- 
well as /awes and authority^ that they neuer difagree> infult or encroach one^i fafa 
vp on anot her. If 'any man deferue well in his Office,he fhall be rewarded. Hec 
that invents any thing for publike good in any Art or Science , writes any nwexfukmT 
Treanfe,* or performes any noble exploit,at home or abroad, * (hall be ac- d J^" a "^f e rim 
cordinglyinriched, u honoured,ai;d preferred. I fay with Hannibal in Enni. ^ l0HlU icent 
us, Hoftem quiferiet erit mihi Carthagmenfit, let him be of what condition he ftbi/ubduts au- 
will,in all Ctfices, Aaions ; he that deferues beft,(hall hauc beft. JSSSiS 

Iwillfufterno x Beggcrs,Rogucs,Vagabonds, oridleperfons, thaccan 'StfeUwde 
not giue an accompt of their liues.lf they beirnporcnt 3 lame,blind, & fingle, r £P»bf*u<»*'»> 
they fhall be fiifficiently maintained in feucrall Ho(pitals,built for that pur^ 
p jfe; o; if married & iu§rme,paft work, or by inevitable lofie,or fome fuch umaut beuoaut 
like misfortune call behffid,bydiftribution of 1 corne,houfe rent free, annu- P slwmiibi' 
all penfions,orm©ny, they (hall be relieued, and highly rewarded for their « Adugmdam 
good feruice they haue formerly done* if able > they (hall bceinforced to rempub. fciiiiu* 
Worfcc.* For J fee no reafon (as y he faid) why an Epicure or idle drone, a rich ^rfvTldeam 
glutton jn vfurer y (bould liue at eafe^and die nothing Ji/te in honour, in at ma~ rm gratia mi- 
ner of p\eafures y and oppreffr others } when as in the meane time.apoore laborer* l$ ratuu ? m 
' J r, J ri 1 t i 1 1 t a 1 ■ ' • . ndige&t, 

a fmith^a carpenter, an bmbanAman that bath fpent bu ttme tn contmmu la- mv \a ex ^. 

bour % 4s an Affe to carry lurdens, to doe the Commonwealth g cod, and without tat " fi $ ' 
whom we cannot l/uejball he left in his old age to beggQ or (farue, and lead a mi- e ™* € f t J^JJ 
fcrable life, worfe thenaiument. As z all conditions (hall bee tied to their 6foxa*p& 
taske,fo none fhall be ouer.tired,but (hall hauc their fet times of recreations \ c ^^fS it 
&Holydaycs,/W*/^ri?<7^/>,fcafts & merry meetings, euento the meaneft f^g^qutiL 
•artiflcerjOrbafcftferuant.oncca wcekctofingordance, ordocwhatfoeuer & maims vk- 
he (hall pleafe 3 likc thofc Saturnals in Rome^s well as his mafter." Jf any bee ^twfmtt 


Um txctUcmm ccrtimn./' Jitdusviftoriamdgis rjfet exfettndt inmemm inter celerescelerrim , turn inter robujios robnfirffimo s 
&c. x T^ulius mci-i chs apud S'mM,nemi4i(aKoquatnvti ecnlu tHrbMusJi^mendkarepeimitrUu^omesprovir^ifS labowecog- 
untnr, t*u mlU tfufatUibuiver[Mdhadd:cuntur>folihe!pitM ad Ubwesfuntinepti.OferJib i z.dereb <yfi. tmaihelu, 

Hemmh'VHis de regno ibin* lib.i.ctp.$. Gotatdui Artbui Oriental, lnd.defcr. f Sicolim Romxjfaacus Pontcnus de hti optime. 
Amfal ' .i.ap.9. * Idem Arifiot polity. cap.S. y>ciofum quvm foU piuperuir. liberi edueanttr ad labmt, nobdium & d'mitumm 
•volnpiJ thus & dslitm . 7 4W hft iv'f^litia.ut nobilis quijpim, aul fenerator qui nihil agat, Ian' am & Fplendtdm vitam *ga$, 
§tn & de <tiU,quum'mter'mattriga\ faber,*gricola,quore^rub.carerenqa^tcfi,vitamadc6 miferam ducat, ut ptior quam iumc%> 
tmttn (it ei»s conditio lwq>ia re(pvb. qus dat par^tU^addatartbMsMa^um vtluptatHm artificibuj, gencrofii & otitfiitantamw 
nerafrdr^'t^at contra agric9lU : C*rbm*riu y 4urigis>fabr is ,&c. nihil profricit, fed eorumalufa laberefitrertu *misfampen$t & 
crumnii. MffTMsVtdphb.t. « In Sega^ianemoetisfttSynemgmendiCHsnifptrtetatetnautmQrbnmeius Jaccrenenpoteft: mtltif'e' 
iflvnde vi8twqu*rauaut que ft exerceat. Qptianm EcbovmDeUt. Ht^anut, NmIIhs Geneva? oU9fisf 3 nc feptermis puer. Taultil 
Hanger Itintr. *SimkruidirepubJH<li>tt, 

h drunke 

DemwiUa /o the Reader 

54 i dcunke,helhaildrinkej|b*morewine orftrongdrinkeinatweluemonth ak 
ec. A fcunckrupt thill be °Caude»iiatus m Amphhhut/ro^ publicity fhamcd, 
& h : that cannot pay his debts, if by rio: or negligence he hauc bin impoue- 
nfhed 5 he fhall be: for a tweiucmonth imprifoned, if in that fpace his Cje4ir 
ospsnwtM'm t ors be not fatisficd,* he fhall be hanged.-He P chat commits facriledge fhaj 
•H^hVcpro- l.oofe his hands, he that bearcsfalfcwitnefle, orisofperiury convict, thaU 
oidesnoc for haue his tongue cut out,except he redeemcit with his head. Murder, 3 adul- 
worfe'ihen a lcr y ^ c P linil "h cc * b y death,* but not thcft,cxccpt it bee fome more gric- 
riritfe,p*#. uousoffence.or notorious effendersjothcrwife they fhall be condemned to 
v Aljfrdi kx. t he gallics or mincs,or be his flaue whom they orTended 3 during their liuesjl 
fiS™^- natea U hereditary (laues,& that durtm P erf "arum legem^zs * BrifjomHSQd\% 
ttrjiifftamcap- ic,or as \ ^mmismss t impendio formsdatas e^ ab0mi»a»das leges y per quas oh 
q li^Um ti * ox * m unim > (smnisproftnqmtM /« ,hard law that wife & children, friends 
Lprltijfcga & a'hesfhouid fuffcr for the fathers olfence 

viriiv ci prld- No man fhall marry vntilfhe b be 25,00 woman till flie be 20, *mfidU* 
fZ& a££ Ur dtjpenfatum foerit. * Jf one dye, the other party fhall not marry till fixe 
to prtndsnm. months after; and becaufe many families arc compelled to liuc niggardly, 
HVem'' cxfiau ^ & vndone by great dowres^none fhall be giuen at alI,or very litle, 
Mrtifi t ime*- $£ that by fupcrvifors rated, they that are foule fhall haue a greater portion, 
if faire,noneatall, orvcry little, ^howfoeaer not to exceed fuch a rate as 
pedm"f\qZ tno ^ e f u P erv ^ ors fadl thinke fit. And when once they come to thofe yearcs, 
extrema'Jcejp poucrty fhall hinder no man from marriage, or any other refpeel: , c but all 
crlr^ik™ ratncr ^ c inforcedjthen hindred: f except tt\ey be jdifmembred or gric- 
C midoML(tm- uoufly deformcd 5 infirmejorvificcd with fomeen©i|nous hereditary difcafc, 
muU auefi.2. in body or mindc, in fuch cafes rpon a great paine? *r mulft, * man or wo- 

7iL}e*!iFqT man fhall not marry^other order fliall be taken for them to their content*, if 
lecte pat a at x people ouer abound,thcy fhall becafed by S Colonies- 

Avite dam acci- h No m an fhall weare weapon&in any city. The fame attire (hall be kept, 
fluSlZni- & that proper to feuerail callings, by which they (hah* bee diftinguifbed. 
re. Emameisa, Huxta funerum fhall bee taken away,that expence inoderatcd a 'and many o- 
*&il°d[ e feg. thers.Brokcrs.takers of pawncs^bixing vfurers, I will not admit- yet becaufe 
Terfamm. ' ^ hi c cum homin^m no» cum dtu a^ttnr, wee convert heerc with men, not 
V^^^Z with gods,& for the hardneffeofra ens hearts I will tollerare fome kinde of 
pu\afl man Vfury.Howfoeucr moft Diuines contradi& it. 
at 2^ woman Dhimtu ixjicias ,fed vex ea foU refer to, eft* 

•? ux limiy- ic muft bc winkcd at Politicians. And yet fome great Doctors approue of 
wgiMdieCbi- it^Ca/v^^Bucer, Zmchim y P.MArtjr^ becaufe by fo many great Lawyers, 
'vixtmbw ^ ecrccs of Emperours,Princcs Statutes,Cuftomcs of Commonwcaithes| 
Churches approbations it is permitted ,&c.I will therefore allow it. But to 
mmzwn^um- no priuate perfons,not to euery man that will^ to orphancs onciy, maides 
i^SSf widowcs > or ruch as reafon of their age/exc,cducation^gnorancc of tra' 


*Al ( reduu ^ApudLaunewlm thrgnes fne dstt nubebant . Botes. 1.^. d legectutuw tonU*fndem*pHdPeneta-neaiM 
fatriiuisdAmexccde/ct i$oo ccw/atornm. < Bvxdwfius Sywgeg. lud. fic Iud*t.Le» ^fer Afric* d0mt ne f m alher " 
eontincMes, obreipub bonum. Vt Auguflut Uftirorat.adc<tLbes Rmanosolm edocuit. f Mttbn labotans^ alii m tnalw f- 

&w dries. a Idem PUto iiAUgbm. it haih eucr becne uumodciate, vidt GuiLSiuckimmibcMwal lib 4 u*r.6 
tfdclegibiu Plats. ' ' ' f * " 

■ ^ ..... din s» 

Vemocritus to the readtr. 

ding,kno wnc not othcrwifc how to iraploy it, & thofc fo approued, not to 5 5 
lcticoHtapart,but to bring their mony to a c common bankc, which (halbe 
allowed in euery cicy,as in Genua.GeneuAyNoremberge^en'tce^ at 5.^.7. not yont i sa$, 
aboue 8 per centum ,as the fupervifors,or trtrijprafcfti fhall thinke fie. c And thac Jend mo- 
asit(hallnotbeIavvrullforeachrnantobeanVfurerthatwil!,fo fhaiiitnet n av JP° s n "" c 
be lawful! to all to take vpmonyarvfe, not to prodigals & fpendthrifts,buc u k c monyt- 
to merchants,young trade{mcn,or fuch as ftand in neede, or know honefily P^ n ^ven- 
bow to employ itjWhofenccerfity^aure and condition; the laid fupetvifors mcm 
fhall approue of. 'Thacpro- 
I will haue no priuate Monopolics,to enrich one man,and begger a mul- j^cmcr^ 
titudc multiplicity of officcs,or fupplying by deputies, weights & meafures chandife,in« 
the fame throuehout,ft thofe rectified by the Primum Mobile, & Suns mo« creafelatid, 

1 r ° ., . 1/ 1 r dearer and 

tion 3 threeicore miles to a degree according to orMeruanon , ;ooobc^me- better impro- 
tricall paces to a mile^ue foot to a pace,twe!ue inches to a foo:,&c. & from ued, as hee 
meafures is an cafie matter to rectifie weights, &c. cocaftvpaii, hutl * iudicia *- 
&rcfolue bodies by Algcbra.Stcreometry. Jhateallwarres^f they be not his Trad of 
adpopultftlutemypon vrgent occafion, Viu y, e> Hbi- 

Odimm acc/pitrenttfutA Jemper vivit in armif. I.tmcnc • <*ii~ 

*ofTcnfniewarrcs,cxceptthccaufcb€ very iuft,l will not approue of. Fori « Hac{euzan- 
d<*e highly magoifie that.fayincof Hanmbalw Scip/o in § hadbeene lh:M c , "+> 

,, I y. \ 1 j/r. r -1 / ,r (ap.adSpbcf. 

a bUffed thing for you Atidvs, to our Preiecejjors^ aqui^xamvo^ 
that yeuhtdbeene content withlu\)\we with Mndtti. For neither Sicily, /f^r catvpttam t <& 
Sardinia are worth (uch cofte andpaznes, fo many petes and armies fo many 

famous capt tines hues, omnia prius tentavda, §c in fuch warrcs to abiftainc as am^oddroa 
much as is pollible h from depopulations, burning of townes,ma{Tacring of c ^ n f^^ £ 
Jnfants,&c.for defentiue warres,l will haue forces dill ready at a fmall war- 'fyi 'i 

• ning,bv tai\d & Sea,a prepared Navy^ fouldiers in procinclu, & mony which '<?«' »» 
is nerves belli, ftill in a rcadmefle^o auoid thofc heauy taxes & impofuions, b £*^mfy£ 
afweil to defray this charge of warres,ai alfo all other publicke defalcatios, or tit at cum . 
expences, fces,pcnfions,reparations,chaft fports, Feafts, donaries, rewards, 
& cntertainments.cV all things in this nature efpecially, I will haue maturely ^m^L^'^d" 
drtne,& with great * deliberation: neqtsid^temere, ne qui dremiffe u timide wercatorihut^ 

fiat. fed quo feror hojpcs: To profecute the reft would require a volume. Ma . fj^f^ e 
numde TabeHa^l haue bin ouer tedious in this fubiec't, I could haue here wil- f idem PUtoi 
lingly ranged but thefc ftraights wherein J am includcd,will notpermit. de '#« , « 

From Commonwealths &citics,I will defcend to families ^which haue as ^^ 3 < °^" 
many corfiucs & moleftations,as frequent difcontents as the reft.Greataf- fmatemf^ 
finity there is betwixt a Politicall & Oecoisomicall body, as they haue both Xf ^ no ^; k 
likely the fame period, as^^/^&tP^^rhoIdoutof^;^ fixe or feucn datme^ut 
hundred yecres,fo many times they haue the fame meanes of their vexation voi Iu!s y m \ 
&oucrthrowcs,as namely riot 3 a common mine of both, riot in building, ^ntml^ 
riot in profufe fpending,riot in apparell,&c. be it in what kind foeuerjt pro- mm. Neo. mm 
duceth the fame effeds. k A Chorosrapherof ours fpeaking obiter of anciet 5lfSS 

... ■ 1 re • 1 1 • r t r amrafatts aigna 

iamilieSjWhy they are ioirequentin the North,continue folong,are fo loon precufumfn 
exftinguifhed in the South,and fo fewjgiues no other rcafon but this, lu xus tot ctaflibm, 

1 A deposition efgrowm mcevd'if, & eiufmedi fa&is immambm. Plato. > SeftUhu lib rcpub. Gal Vulde et'wi t (I ivdao* 
rutfiyvhi quodprtter op'mioncmaccidit dictre> 7{en pKtaram',pr*!ert;m ft res pr«tcm>eripoiuc\it. k — per* V 1 ti Manilla feteftM, 
£hted violent* ■■>ew:.—Clandian. ' Btllm 7itctimtndHm t mc prtvocaudum, PlinPancgyr. Tr&mo, 1 Lib^ de rtpub. cap,% diumai. * Cmdca inCkftlri, 

h 2 omnii 


Democritus to the Reader 

$4 omnia difipavit ,riot hath confumed all. Fine cloathes & curious buildings 
came into this Ifland,as he notes in his Annals,not fo many yeares fincc,*** 
fine dijfendiohojpttalitatisjio the decay ofhofpitality.Howbcit many times 
that word is niiftakeu,& vndcr the name of Bouoty & Hofpitality, is (hrovy- 
ded Riot,& Prodigality, & that which is commendable in it felfe well vfed, 
hath bin miftaken hcretofore 5 is become by his abufc, the bane & vttcr ruine 
. . ©fmany a noble family. For many a manliues like the rich gluttoa,confu» 
itu&fij&i minghimfelfe&hisfubfbncebycontmuallfcafting&invitations, likc 1 -^- 
» vd<! Putea- xi ^ on m ^w,kcepes open houfc for all commers, giuing entertainment 
rncnmm. Go- to futh as vi{it him, m keeping a table beyond his mcancs, & acompanyof 
tknium do par- jj| c f cruants f though not fo frequent as of old Jhc is blowne vp on a fudden, 
n<>%-tt*miem- & as ^ffaon was by his hounds jdevourcd by his kinfmen, friends & multi* 
forum. tude of followers." Jt is a wonder that Pauluslovius relates of our northern 
'kt^fJmm c ouotrieSjWhat an infinite dcale of meat wee continue on our tables ; that I 
wtfanmum un& may trucly fay 'tis not bountymot hofpitality,as it is often abufed, but riot 
d7b2ab(kmt l * cxccnr>c >& prodigality ,a meere vice,it brings in debt, want & beggery;hc« 
fietnumrmm- rcditary difeafcs,confumes their fortunes, &ouerthrowes the good tempo* 
feiamnespnt raturc of their bodies. To this I might hcere well addc {their inordinate ex- 
fmpenMu" P encc i^building.tholcphantafticallhoufes.turrctSjWalkes^parkcs, &c. ga- 
dtfenpt. untax, ming.excefle of pleafurc^ that prodigious riot in apparell,b.y which means 
t Lib. t. de rep t j lc y arc compelled to giiic vp houfc,& creep into \\o\zs.Sefcflius in his com- 
tot tecs & c*u- monwcalth of f France, glues three reafons why the French Nobility were 
f* f°' e '>fc a l<* fo frequently bankrupcs:F/>y? becaufe they hud jo mwy Lawfutes and conten* 
liuf*tinm*n- t^ns^one vpon another pobicb were tedious And cojily,by which meanes tt came 
jum mducAtt- top / a(fe J t hat commonly Lawyers bought them out of thsir poffefiion. k^A fecond 
tuf, vmagtos eaufe was their Ritt t t bey liued beyond their meanes, and were therefore fwal- 
ra*t>wde H fi lowed vp by merchants. The lafi was immoderate excejfe in app*reH y which con- 
m iw'x Admini- frmed their revenues. How this concerncs & agrees with our prefent ftatc, 
H y$$l look y ou * But °^ tnis cl^where. As it is in a mans body,if either,hcad,heart, 
nti*dqtura»t, ftomack,Iiuer,fplecnc,or anyonepartbemifaffe&ed, all the reft fuffer with 
umqm ipmp. lt fo j s j c w \ t h t his Oeconomicall body. If the head bee nauahr. a fpend- 
kmrcatotum thrift, a drunkard, a whwematter, agamefter, howfhall the family luieat 
0bforbent l(fy & cafe? ° Ipfa ft capiat falusfervarejrorfut non potejl banc familtam, as ' Dewea 
feflum^&c. ^ id i nth e Comedy/afety her felfe cannot faue it. A good,honeft,painefuil 
*AdeipbJai.4. man many times hath a fhrew to his wife ) afickly 5 difhoneMothful ) foo , ifh, 
J*' 7 ' carelcfle woman to his wife,a proud, pecuifh flurt, a liquorifh , prodigall 
queane,& by that meanes,all goes to ruine: or if they differ in nature , hce is 
thrifty ,fhe fpends all; he wife,fhee fottifh & foft, what agreement can there 
be,what friendfliip? Like that of the Thrufh and Swallow in t^fope, Iuftccd 
f Amph\u*t. of mutual loue,kind compcllations,whorc & thief is heard,they fling ftooles 
Ttotfi. at one anothers heads. P Qua intempertes vexat banc familiam* All enforced 
*™^ nm marriages commonly produce fuch effe&s,or if on their behaifes all be wel 
t am cum hue and agree louingly together a thcy may haucdifobedient, vnrulv childiV 
f^ogS t hat take iil courfes to difquiet them, q their fon is a there daughter a whore 
ghtesbm,Ln- r a " c PP e mo th «,or a daughter in law diftempcrs all, f or elfe for wantof 
quv» vhmt meancs,many tortures arife, debts, dues, fees, do wries,ioynters,Iegacfesr© 
fi £mi4a bc P a ^. amiulties ifIuin S out ) b y mcans ofwhich,they haue not wherewithal 
4,mi. 4 toraaintaincthcmfeluesinthatpompcas their Prcdeccuours haue doHe 


DemtcritHS to the reader. 

bring vp or bcftow their children to their callings, to their birth & quality, 57 
1 & will not defcend to their prefent fortunes. Often times too 5 to aggrauate ! whcn P"<fe 
the reft,concurrc many other inconveniences, vnthankfull friends, "decayed ^t&tvfl}*. 
friends,bad ncighbours,neglig:nt feruants,cafualties,taxes 5 mul&s, lofTe of mity, they 
ftocke,cnmities,emulations 3 i requcnt mutations,loffcs,-fiirctifhip, iicknefie, j car f an ^ 
death offriends,& that which is the gulfe of all,improuidence,ill husbandry, caufeM«ani 
diforder&confuilon,by which mcanes they are drenched on a ftidden inflafc" of dif- 
theireftates 1 &: at vnawarcs precipitated infenfiblyj into an inextricable la* ^"^5"'"' 
byrinth ofcares^voeSjWantjgriefejdifcontent^and melancholy it felfe. when they Cr ' 

J hauc done with families, and will now briefly run oner [omefew forts concu,,c > 
& conditions ofmen.Themoft fecure,happy, Iouiall & merry in the worlds ^ ? s\ a u ^ s 
eftecme,are Princes fcV great mcn,frce from melancholy, but for their cares, skies. 
mifericSjfufpicionSjIcaloiifies^ircontentSjfolly,^ madnefle, I refcrrc you 
to Xenopbons Tyrannus ^hacking Hieron difcourfeth at large with Simoni- 
des the Poet,ofthis fubiect.Of all others they are moft troubled with perpe- 
tuallfcares;anxietics ; infomuch 3 thatas he faid in u Valerius, if thoukneweft " U *' e **' ' 
with what cares & miferies this robe were ftuffed, thou wouldcft not ftoopc 
to take it vp,Or put cafe they be fecurc & free from feares & difcontcnts,yet 
they are void x of reafon too oft,& precipitate in their a<fhons>readc all our x tttlituri* 
hiftories^wi de Jlultu prod/dtrejlulti, Miidcs^ iEneides, Annales, and wh2t belli* fapimia, 
is the fubie£r, Stuitorum regum t & populorum contintt aflus. r e Z7ov"r 
How mad they arc>how furious,& vpon fmall occafions,ra{h and inconficie- b'fnm 3 mn^m. 
rate in their proceedings how they dote, euery pagealmoft will witncffCj **t fitHmiuf, 
- — ■ — Aelirantregesjlecluniur L^chivi, cio^ortet. 

Next in placc,ncxtin miferies anddifcontcntSjin all manner ofhaitbrain 
actions arc great mcn^procul a lovejrecula fttlmine , the neerer the worie. 
If they line in Court,thcy are vp and downe, ebbe and flow with their Prin- , uh.xhift. 
cesfauours, Ingeniumvultu flat foeadit<j t fuo 3 now aloft, to morrow MmAimlts** z Polybius defcribes them, like fo many cajling Counters \w» of geld, f^/S^iw 
to morrow of filuerf hit vary in worth as the eompulantw/ll, now they fhnd\omphmu!!r. 
for unities , to morrow for thoufauds\ novo before all t and anon behinde. Befide , tyj** > 
they torment one another with mutuall faclioiis,emulations : one is ambiti< Zm7d*Ttt!n 
©us^another cnamored.a thud in debt, a prodigal, ouer-runnes his fortunes, regis' nunc bmi 
a fourth follicitous with cares,gcts nothing, &c. But for thefe mens difcon-^"' 5 mncmife- 
tcnts,anxictiesj rcferreyou to Luc/ansTia&,de met cede conduttkp %A.neas * 'foummfiq, 
Sylvius (IMdtsis & fultitU (ervos y hcc calls them J ^gripp*) and m any o - ^imsjn sa.% 

OfPhilofophersand Schollcrs J hauc already fpokenm generall tcrmcs 3 c i&ouptifH. 
thofefupcrintendents of wit and learning,and Minions ofthe Mufes, M.i.iMr.13. 

« Mentcmfa habere queit bonam mettoTohme. 
Et effe d corculif datum ejl, e Thefe acute and fub.ptiRm*, ?*f 

tile Sophifters to much honored,haue as much need of Hcllebor asothers.^^^" 

f Medici mediamf ert audit e venam, ftarmt . te(lu 

Read Lncians Pifcator^d tell how he cftccmed them? Agr/fpas Trad of the Pli »j>^7. <n 
vanity of Sciences, nay read their own workes, their abfurd Tenents, prodi- itnuatllath- 
gious paradoxes, & rifum teneAtisamici ? you I ball findc that of Arijletl^j nemodi^ mad 
true ^nullum mtgnum ingentumjine mixtura dement they hauc a worme as bookc 
vircll as others, And they that teach wifedorpe, patience, meckneflcj are the | i»Jrwte. 

h 3 verieft 

Democritui to the Reader 

58 verieft dizirds,hairbraincs , and molt difcontcnt. f in the multitude of veife* 
i Sokm4. domeugriefe^anclhethatincreafethrvtfedomeyincreajetbjorrow. \ need not 
ItfrftZuVZr 4 l,occ >«»ne Author , they that laugh &contemnc others, condemnethe 
world of folly ,are as ridiculous,^ lie as open as any othcr.S Democrat** that 
common flowter of folly, was ridiculous himfelfe 5 and barking Men/ppus, 
fcoffing £*<;/'d* 5 fatyricall Luciltuifetronius farro t Perfws, ejrc may be ccn« 
k Wic,whether *" rec * wil ^ 1 tnc *&'B*^&*f m *s>Ho#inunjr'i'ves J Kemnifius, exp'ode as a 
mJt? " et vaft Ocean ofo£j and ^// 3 Schoolcdiuinity, k A labyrinth of intricate que- 
ftions ) vnproficab]econtentions J /»fr< r ^//^^//r<i//<'/?f'w,one calls it. Jfdi- 
uinity be fo cenfured,& corculum Tbeologit, Thomas hnnfelfe,'what thall be- 
l£ co me ofhumanitypyfr/^/^jWhat can ihe pleads? What can her follower! 

fay forthemfelues. Much learning ^cere-diminuitbrum^ hath crackt their 
skonce,& taken fuch root,that tribus Antyceris caput infanabile^j^ Hcllebor 
miUeTjlmii 11 ^ c ca " ^° n0 g°°d>nor that renowned | Lnthorne otEptfietus, by which 
tim empta ftu. if an y man ftudied.he Should be as wife as he was.But all will not leruc,Rhc- 
densi»de/*p. toricians.Orators can perfwade other men what they will, quo volunt, unde 
rar ^/«»/,moue,pacihe,&c. but cannot fettle their owne bramcs , what faith 

* Epifi. hi. Tully} malo insert am prudent tarn ^qmm loquacem flultit/am\ and as * Seneca 
•Ti?mem%i ^ econ ^ s him 5 a wife mans Oration fhould not be polite or follicitous. m Fa* 
mUefj'e pktta, btus cltecmesno better ofmoftof them, cither in fpeech, aclion, gefture, 
**LtoT"'i' l ^ en as mcn ^ e ^^ c incm ^l ues /° doth Gregory , Nov miht fapit qui Jermone^ 
w«//oi//^ good Orator, is aturneeoar, his 
Uftauone fu- tongue is fet to falc,he is a mcere voice, as fine laid of a Nightingale,*'^/^ 
fiZem^tde*- wentefonum^w hyperbolical lier,a flattcrer,a parsfire 5 which made *Socratcs 
tts,&c. fo much abhorrc & explode them. n Fracaflorius a famous Poet/reely grants 
ILipfiu voces all Poets to be mad,& fo doth ° Scalieer ,& who doth not : aut in(anithomo % 
nihil. a *t verjus[acttJlQr.SAt.jA<2*lnjAmrelubct, i.verjus contponere. Firg.j.EgL 

• in Gerg.PU. fo Scrvius interprets it,al Poets are mad.You may giue thatcenfure of them 
u "iHifaHyrio. ,n g cncra 'l which S r Thomas Moore once did of Germanut Brixius Poems in 
o si furor fit Lf- particular. vehuntur 

*u* &c quo m u rate MtUU fylvam habitant Furu. 

rtt,m*ns,bi- Budtusm an hpilUe of his to Lupjetus,w\\\ haue ciuill Law to belthcTowre 
b™ } & p«ta, of wifedome.another honours Phyfick,thcQuintcftence of Nature, a third 
tumbles them both downe,& fets vp the flagge of his own pecu'iar fcience. 
YourfuperciliousCriticks, Notemakcrs^urious Antiquaries, findeoutall 
the ruines ofwit amongft the rubbiih of old writers > P Frofiultu habent nifi 
?Mom no$. j*jficiantmventre, quod inaltorHmfcrlptitvertantvitio^ allfoolcs 

f».i. with them that cannot find fault,thcy correct ©thers,and are hotc in a colde 
caufc,puz2el themfclues to find out how many ftreets in fow**,houfes,gates, 
towrcs JJomers co\x\mj^y£neas mothcr^^ Sapbo publica fueiit^-t, alii 
t Kf>iUt. qua- dedifcenta effent fcirejtfaresjs f Seneca holds, What cloaths the Sena. 

tors did weare in Rome .what fhooes,how they fate, where they went to the 
clofcftoole,how many dirties in a mcfre,what fawce s which for the prcfent 
for an hiftortan to very ridiculous, is to them mod precious elabo- 
rate ftiiffe,& they admired for \X M Quofvis authores abfurdu comment* fuu per-* 
acant & ftenor ant ,onc faith, they bewray and dawbe a company of bookes 
and good Authors.with their abfurd Comments, and (hew their wit in cen- 
tring others,* company offoolift Noccmakcrs, that prefcrrea manufcript 


Vemocritus to the Reader. 

many times before the Go/pell it lelie,& with their Aeleatur d ) dij legutitfic, $<? 
mens codex fie hubet, &c .make bookes dearc,themfelues ridiculous, and doc 
no body good.Br.t I dare fay no more of, for,with,or againft them 3 becaiife 
J am liable to their lafh 5 as well as the reft.Of thefe and the reft of our Artifts t f«Mr tntfi- 
and Pinlofophers,l will generally conclude, thcyare akindeofroadmen,as x' D ,Um& 
t Seneca cfteemes ofthem,to make doubts & fcrupIes,how to read the truly, amcm dicatia 
to mend old Authors.but will not mend their own !iues,or teach vsyingeuta ^'* Hor,S '" 
fanare, memtrUm efficiorum ingerere , Ac fidem in rebus humania retin(re_j y t VtV - lA MfU 
to keep our wits in order 3 or rctftifie our manners, fslumofuidtiki demens vt- i v^cuA* 
deter, fi tffiu cperam impendero^xs not he mad that draws lines with Arihime- /^* awr 
<fo,whilft his houfe is ranfacked,& his city bed? ged ,whcn the whole world 1 spift^. 
is in combuftion , or wee vvhilft our foules are in danger, mors [c quit ur^vi. m $* m 
/j/^/>,tofpendourtimeintoyes,idlequeftions ,and things of no worth? ir'omaesmnl 
That 4 Loucrs are mad,l thinke no man will deny, Amxre fimul <jrfApere, rtfi*'** 
ipfi lo vi non datur Jupiter himielfc cannot intend both at once , \ / 

1 T^on bene conveniunt \pec in una fede mar ant ur * Lib.i.num.zx 

Mate fits & amor, Tully when he was invited to {'f/^'^^ 

a feeond mariagc,replyed he could nowfimttlAmare & fipere ,be wife,& loue pffdmpeffunt, 
both together, t Hi or ens tlicjvuefl tmmedicabilu.e ft rabies infana^ Joue is t They get 
madneile,ahell,an incurable &\(z*tejmpotentem & infanxw libidinem^ t se- 'byTatlng^! 
neca, caU it, an impotent and raging lull. I (ball dilate this fubiecT: apart, in ouftfome.- 
the meanc time let Loners figh out the reft. y Xfa^-m 

" TV ev/fanus the Lawvcr holds it for an axiome , mofi women Are f soles y 78 * ¥ *™* 
* conftvmm fxminti invalzdum- y Seneca menj could cite more proofes, and a > mn,/ **f*- 
better Author.but for the prefenr, let one foolc point at another. * Nevfa- opetqudem 
nm hath as hard an opinion off rich men, wealth And wife dome cmnet dwell moudibm (**t 
together \{lultitiamp±tiuntur of >es 3 J and they doecemmonly * infatuare cor a y™ naJb " m 
iw*>/>w,be!ot men 5 andaswc (zziijooles kaue fortunes Soihthdzs ax\2t\\- * For tuna HimS 
rail contempt ot learning.which accompanies fuch kind of men, innate idle- ^mfouct^. 
neflc^for they will take no paiiiesj and which f Ariftotle obferucs, uhi mens ^Jag.mrei. 
plurima y ibi minima fortuna\ubi plurimafortunA, ibi mens perexigua, great Mi.&hb.i. 
wcalth,and little wit goe commonly together: beGdes this inbred negled of "22% 1 
liberal! Sciences,and al arts, which fhould excolere men t em tfohtti the mind, jk.4. *' 
they haue moft part fome gullifh humor or othcr,by which they are led,onc * lH f ana £ ul *> 
is an Epicurean Athcift,a gamcftcr,athirda whoremafter, SfJ£^ 

- f hie nuptaruminfAnit Amor'tbusjhic puerorum, vtrmdijludim 

*oneismadofhawking,hunting,cocking, another of caroufing > horfc-ri- J^b^*^ 
iling.fpending: a fourth of building,fighting,&c. ^mUdorJ' 
Jnfanit vdteres fiat has ,Damafippus emendo y cmbtgwnjis 
Dumaftppus hatli a humour of his owne, to be talkt of; * lleliociorus the C*r- a ^ X (l r 7epZ & 
thtginian another.ln a word,as 5f4//^r concludes of them all, they arc/?*- uftmemome 
Ua eretla Quit it it .the very ftatucs or pillars of folly. C hufe out of all ftorics hlc ' M » ic ™** r > 
him that hath bin moft admired, \^4lcxAnder a worthy man, but furious in anquii 
his anger,ouertaken in drinke; errand Scipio valiant and wife, but vainc- ^mtvifendm 
gloriods,ambicious: refpafian a worthy Prince,butcouctous. b Hannibal as ^J^^JJJ 
he had mighty vertues,fo had he many vices, vnsmvirtutem miHevhiaco* teimmCad. 
mitantttrjis MAchiauelofCofmus McdiceS) hcehad two diftintft perfons in b y^fingenta 
him ? J will determine of all, they are like double pictures 5 they arc wife Ya^uia!^ 

h 4 on 

Demomtus to the Reader. 

60 on the one fidc^and foolcs on the other. I will fay nothing of their difeafes, 
cmulationsjand fuch mifcries , let pouerty plead the rcit in ^drijlophsges 


Couetous men amongft othcrs,arc moft mad/ they hauc all tht Syrup- 

tomes of Melancholy,fcarc/adneflc/ufpition,&c. as fhall be proucd in his 
proper place. Dan da efl Hehbori multo pars maxim* avaru^ 
*tior ^uifquis J m >g nt tne of angry 3 peeuifh,cavious/ ambitious,' Anticyras vteli* 
ambition rrai* er for bere w^f^; Epicures, AthciftSjSchifmatiekcs^crctickes^/piw^^* 
nut argmti y ent imaginationem Ufam ( faith { Nymannus) and their madnejfefbdllbf eui* 
^[quilhixu- dental Tim. 3.0. t Fabatus an //4//4»,ht>ldes Seafaring men all mad, the fhif 
fUjrfoi 0*- is mad.for it neuer (lands ftil: the mariners are mad to expofe themfelues to fuch 
fey fame. imminent dangers*^ the waters are ragtng mad, in perpetuaU motion^ the winds 
i imag are a4 mad &s the reft"} they know not whence they come, whither they would gc^ 
mbitiofn & An £ tl J0 f c mcn are maddeii ofdll that roe to Set . for one feole at home, they fintlo 

audaxmvtget , { j j . J . • r • 1 • J Ji 

Antkyraj. f oure abroad: ana he was a madman that laid it. 

t Nay* (lulu, g Fslix Platerus is of opinion,all Alcumifts arc mad, out of their wittes 3 
mvetiT71t* h At hc**ui faith as much of Fidlers,* Muficians.oawtt tibicines infaniunt } #. 
puiqui fe pt- bi femel effldnt,avolat iHico w^in comes Mufickat onceare, outgoes wic 
r.iii'itxfonmty atanother.Proudand vaine-glorious pcrfons are certainly mad , and (bare 
a p c frZti*&lT c lafciuiousjl can feele their pulfeS beatc hither, home mad fome of thereto 
aerixttatur.&c let others lye with their wiues,andwinkc at it. 

qui mM fecom- j Q 1 j n a jj particulars, were an Herculean taske, to m reckon vp * in- 
mm terra fn J*nn6 (ubflrucliones /nfanos labor es : roadde labours, endeauour* 3 carriages, 
pens, ^ mm groflc ignQrance,ridicu!ous a&ions^bfurd gz&mesjnfanamgulam, infant- 
^Tmo ^ am v ittw*>ixf*n*ivrgi*,*s T nRy tcarmcs them : madncfle of Villages, hy- 
t cap. *e alien. pocrifiCjinconftancyjblindneSjrafhneflej^w^/^ temeritatem, flattery, co« 

™Diprufo bill f cna g c > ma li ce > an g er 3i R g rat ^^ 

kb.8. tentionSjit would aske an expert Vefalim to anatomife cuery rocmber.Shall 
iTibitinumcn- \ fay} iupiter himfclfc, Lsfyelto, Mars, &c . dotcd 3 and raonfter-conqucring 
cwTcS^ Hercules that could fubdue the world and helpe others, could not rclieue 
k Prw^o. in- himfclfe in this,but mad he was atlaft. And where fhall a man Walkc, con t 
fma iibidu Hie v£r f c w j c h w hom,in what Prouince,City,& not meet with Segnior Deliro 

rocp nonjuror . , _ J ' ' 7 1 /« 6 ** W1 fj 

Hfiyiivn efi bat 01 Hercules Furens,M<enadesfo Corybantesflhcir fpeeches fay no leffe. ^ £ 
mentuia demem fangis elfe they fetched their pedegrce from thofe that were 
Man. epig. 74- f}^^ ky sampftn with the Iawbone of an a(Te : Or from Deucalion and ?yr* 
1 MiUe putiia- rha'j ftones,for Durum gentu fumw*marmcreifumm y wcc are ft onv liearted 
IZ^J'tiZ and ^«°urtoomuchoftheftockc, as if they had all heard that inchanted 
m , home of Aplpho that Englijh Duke in Ariofio\ which neuer founded but all 

» rtsrefiin- his Auditors were mad, and for fcare ready to make away thcmfelucs i p ot 
^oZyir^vli ^nded in that mad hauen in the Euxtne Sea of Daphnu in/ana, allmndde. 
t piin Whom fhall I except? fuch as are filent/f/r fapit qui panca loquitur, \ no bet- 
«Ovid.7.met. tcr Vvay to avo jj fojjy an ^ m adncne,thcn by taciturnity. Whom next > 
mma%tolm \cV%>baptens Stoictu^ndht alone is tubiect to no j Plutarch 
cotintbi prime- feoffes at him,^i? it not vexed with torments jr burnt with fire Jo 'tUb y ht* aA* 

fiU^uiaftolidi & fatui fungii tuti dicebintur,idem & d'ibi dicas. * Tamtan Stude de baiulit,d< mrmere femifculpti. ? A ^ 
mtuperiplommi Eux'm^pmtwi emmtmmt, & GiHmlib.^ it 1 Bo(fler.Throcio &lauri^inlan , qur altata in tonvivium cen> 
vivas omntsinfaiiiafecit.Guliel.StucltM cdment.&c. f StMYuiam JimularenonpotetKtJitmturmtate. \ Ex .irmsnou 
ttucittnr*mbuflusnon Uditur,froflrat^'mlu5la>no vin6tur,ntnjit captiutu ab boflevtnundttut.Stfi rutoftu jenex tdcntulu-.iu\cta 
dtf«mit t form[m tmco>& foJimibJielixdMsrex wMmegcu, etS dmariomfa digntt, 


Democritm to the Qteader. 


verftryJoUofhk emmy.tbough he\be rfrinkled,(Andbli*dj09thleffe } & defer- 61 
med-^yet he is me ft beintifnH And like 4 Ged % i king in conceit , though net worth , j !lum 
igreit.ffe neuer dotes f neuer midyeeuer ftd^drunke^ becinfe vertue CAnnetbee ttndur.t nonn* 
ttken 1 Zeno holds^/ reifon of e ftrong Afprchcnfionfrux. he was mad 
to fay fo . r Anticyri carle huic eft eft* mt detAbri(hc had need to be borcd,& hiviqJu vir- 
lo had all his feIlowcs,as wife as they will feemc to be. Chryfifpm himfclfc li- ("fto* 
bcrally grants them to be foo!es,as well as othcrs^t fomctii*ics,vpo» fome fLpT«»«t 
©cca{ions,^«r//f / virtutem Ait per ebr'tetAtem, aut itribiUrtum msrbttm , it iitfm pbyf.sto* 
may be loft by druekennefle or melancholy, he may bee fosaetime crafed as *^ 18 
Well as the reft j 1 Adfummum (if ten's ntft quumfituiti mole ft a. J should here bu/cj^izzi 
except that onanifcious, onely wife fraternity 'efS. Cr^-, if at Ieaft 8 - 
there be any fuck, HenJ^juhufttes makes a doubt of it j & Eli is artifcx their i Ftmes^ntu 
TbeopbrAjiian matter ; whom though LilfAuim and others deride & carpe at, T^fa 


yet fomc wilj hatic him to be the j rentier of *!l Arts And fciences, and now li- " Sa )>' lt »ti* 

1 Strtgonienfis that great patron of Paracelfm *Tn% t q Ha Ut 
contcfsds and ccruinely averres,* i mojl diuiae man find the quintessence of Mwafc nmt* 

ving/or fo Iehinnes Mont sum , 

Wifdomc wherefoeuer he is,for he,his frarcrnity/ricndsj&c.they are all J be- | oij^'^J* 
/rtf/W/<Jn'//^Aw<r J ifwemaybelecuethcirDifciplesand followers. Imuft um&fZ»tia~ 
needs except/ Lipfins^nd the Pope,& expunge their name out of theCa* ^?jj*w*m 
talogue of fooles. For Liffttu faith of himielfc,that he was * humini generis v^aTb^Jts. 
qmdaw feedxgogus voce & ftylo y * grand Segnior,a Mattcr,a Tutor of vs all,& rum in epift. 
fbrthirtceneyeareshcl>raggcs,howhefowedvvifdo!ne in their Low-cou- ^^^'^ 
tries,* cum bur/tAnttite Utter as effafientiim cum prudentia: he shall be Sift- > SofafaJl 
entttm oCtivus. The Pope is more then a man , as D his parafites often make. A """^ toli - 
him,ademi god,aud befides he cannot crre: and yet fome ofthemhauc bin ^ vdHtvm ' 
Magirians,Heretickes, Atheifts 3 children 5 and as PUtixi faith o[/ehn i 27.Etfi T intf^M 
vtr literAtmynnltAfteltditAtem tjr lenitAtem frx fe ferentiA egit\ftclidi & /*• hahba t' Marta 
tordu viringenijfi fchollcr fufficient,yet many things he did foolifhly,light- "toUttmcuM 
ly. J can fay no more then 5 but they are all mad,thcir wits areevap©rated,& ednmavum. 
as Ariefa faigncs lsb.i4.Vcpt in iarrcs abouc the Moone. 1 f. e ' mu * %m 

Seme Uo[e their wtts with letsejemc rvttb Ambttson % t Murium v\- 

Seme foievesng * Lords ^nd men of high condition* rmjequt eft»fyreir»<lsrUh*»dc,ftljf C t 3 

Others in Poetry their wits forget. define. 
At; ether thinkes to be in Atenmtft^ \ ( "^ Ht 

Tit aUbe Jpent ind that his numbers mi ft. m . *" 

Conui<5r fooles they arc,ahd mad men vpon record j & I am afraid pad cure * lH - SAt > '4- 
many of them,* erepnnt ingusnijtht Sy mptomcs are manifeft>thcy arc all of f Q ? a r « ke to 
Get urn parifh: d Quum furor hitsd dubtus quum fit minifefta fhrenefts f tke Anticyrx 
what rem nines then , e but to fend for Lonries officers to carry them altope- 5V" akc Hcl " 

, r 3 J £» lebor portafc 

tner tor company to Bedlam. 

If any manihall aske in the meane time,who I am /that fo boldly cenfarc P OU3 ? c - 
•others .tunatiinc bibesvscU} haur;J no faults. f Yes more then thou haft ^J-^w 
whatfoeuer thou art. Nis numerus f tmm ,1 confeflTe I am as fooliih, as mad fetaktrrfiudv 
as any one. € Infanus vobis videerjnon depreeer ip(e. "J 1 ™ m ™ ult * 

Quo minus injinus^ — J doe not deny tt. My com- ov</<W* 

fort if ,1 haue more fcllowcs ,and thofc of excellent note. 

t fit fin t quod 4» 

fmtntffm Lwtumi m ?(ecy#M»tii, iFHnnim m UukfL 


Vemocrituj to the Reader. 

6% To conclude,this being granted chat all the world is melancholy or mad, 
dotes 3 and euery member ol itj hauc ended my taske , & fufficiently illuflra- 
ted that which I tooke vpon rac to demonftrat at firft . Ac this prefent I hauc 
no more to fay,//** fanam mentem Demosritu* , I can but wi(h my fclfc, and 
them a good Phyfitian,and all of vs a better minde. 

And although for thefe aboue named rcafons 3 I had a iuft caufe to vndcr- 
take this fubie6t, to point at thefe patticular fpecics of dotage , that fo men 
might acknowledge their imperfc&ions ) & fceke to reforme what is amiflcj 
yet I haue a more ferious intent at this time, and to omit all impertinent di- 
greffionsjto fay no more of inch as arc improperly melancholy , or mcta- 
phorically mad,lightly mad 3 or in difpofition: my purpofe and endeauour is, 
in this following difcourfe to Anatomife this humour of Melancholy, 
through all his parts and fpecies 5 as it is an habit or an ordinary difeafe, and 
i **(i*temln ^* at pkiJofophically 3 medieinically,to ^ cw tnc caufes, fymptomes , and fe- 
7m faZtfi'- verall cures ofit 3 that it may be the better avoided.fvloued there vn to for the 
f»n generality of it,and to doe goodjt being a dt{caCc fo frequcnt,as ' l iMercuri- 

aIu obferucs thefts our dayesfo often happening, faith k Laurentiuxjn our 
« Deanim*. mo- miferahle times ,as few there are that feelc not the fmart of it. Of the fame 
mrMctia mnidc ls MonUltm^ MeUnflhon^^ others, m Julius Ctfar Clandi- 

7ffimL n<1 * e ^<WjCalIs it the fountaine of another difeafe j 3 andfo common in this crafedage 
» conMLt*. c f curs {hat fcarce one of a thoufank is free from it ; and that Hypoccndriacall 
^ribnfcqHe*- windccfpccially 5 which proceeds from the (hort ribbes. Being then as it is, 
terbtgruit vt a difeafe fo grievous 3 (b common , I kno we not how to d©e a more general! 
*^Jkivm* ^ eru i cc > and fpend m Y tnne bcttcr,then to prefcribe mcanes how to preuent 
nknpaUt»y s°d curc & vniuerfall a malady 3 & Epidcmicall difeafe a that fo ofcen,fo much 
& omnium fm crucifies the body and minde. 

foevfiat ^ *0 naue oucrfnot m y ^ in tnis wnich » atn beene hitherto faid 3 or that 
*M«r. dnem. it hath beene 5 which I am fure fome will obie& 5 too light and Comical/ for a 
^twhuht^' Vivinefo* Satyr icaUfor one of myprofepon , J will prefumc to anfwerc with 
"mm % *dtul U Erafmwjn like cafe/tis not I,but Democrituss, Democritus dixit : you muft 
7heobgum,a»t confide r what liberty thofc old Saty rifts hauc had/tis a Cento collected fro 
^;r.o'hcts ) notI ) buttheytha(ayit. 
num. ° Dtxero ft quid for te iocfjittt, b$e ntihi juris, 

lm!& CHm vent * dab "' Takc hcd you raiMc mc not - If 1 

fhmde Mon* * little forget my fclfc,! hope you will pardon it 3 & to fay truth, why fheuld 

fiqutyiamef- any man be offcndcd,or rake exceptions at it ? 

ffi£2? ■ — - **w«r* 

hibet qindcx- Parcere per fonts ^dicere devitifs. 

fofiukt tmtto Itlawfuil was of old,and ftill will be, 

} H zSct[fcum To fpcakeofvicc,but let the name goe free. 

gptt w*nx* , Jfaav be difpleafed,or take ought vnto rnrofelfe 3 let him not cxpofhilate or 

Zr° q !udel cauili with him chat faid it ^° d,d P Er '/ m » excu ^ himfelfc to Dorpim , (fi 
ravh ho: *d{r P*rva luet componere magnis J (Si Co doe 1)but let him he Angry wit h hrjfelfe 
pyprieftenjfiere that fo betrayed and opened his owne faults in applying it to himfclfe q // hA * 
fm ilmib* ^My^defetueitftthimamenlrvboeuerheis^ndnothcan^ He^that 
mu conrciem- hateth correttiw is a foolefrov.u.rtfhc be not guilty , it cocet nes him not- 
SSSffS ' cis "otmyfrceneiTe of fpcech^ut a guilty confcicacc, a gauled back* of his' 
.turn. owne that makes him Winch. 


Vemocrltus to the Reader. 

Su (pit 7 one jiquis errabit fuk, 9 3 

Et rapiet ad fe.quod erit commune omnium ^ . ?\>*dm lib. 3. 

Stulte nudabit animtconfcientiam. f'sSf^' 
I deny not this which J hauefaid (auours a little ofD^ww/Vw, 1 Quamvti rl> ty t htbetfm- 
dentem duere verum quidvetat ? one may fpeake in ieft,and yet (peak truth, aWfargam 
Obie£t then and cavili what thoa wi!t 3 l warde all with f Democritw buckler , olfpZw™. 
his medicine fhall fa'ue it,ftrikc where thou wilt and when: Vemotritm dix- « 7^/?,^, am 
itsDemocritui will anfwerc it. it was written by an idle fellow ^ at idle times de *F«*$ 
about our 1 Saturnaltan or Vionyfun teaits , when as he laid nullum Livertati f, s pMabantr, 
fen culum eft ,ferv ants in old #o/»<r had liberty to fay and doe what them lift. wfl 
When our countrymen faerificed to their Goddcfle u Vacuna 5 and fate tip. 3S, p&i/V; 
ling by their racunalifttcs,! writ this and publifhed this.*/?* My* I \\%newinis c«ef.i%. Ov'u. 
mhil.'Xhc timc,pIace,perfons,and all cireumftances apologize for mee, and T 4'* aM 
why may I not then be idle with others? fpeake my mindc freely , if you de- f2P flit* 
ny me thi&liberty,vponthefe preemptions I willtakeit:lfayagaine,l will i'nwi*.Ante 
take it. \ Si quite A qui ditiam in fe inclement it* ftewtofiati 

ExtjTtmavitcjJeJic cxijtimet. Rofinus. 
If any man take execptionsjee htm turncthebuck'eofh/s girdle, I care not. t 7 ^ 
I owe thee nothing,! lookc for no fauour at thine hands,! am independent,! 

No, I recant, J will not,I carc,I feare,T confeflo my fault, acknowledge a 
great otTcnce % ] haue ouerfhot my felfe, I haue fpoken foolifhly, rafhly, vn- 
advifedly>ab{urdly,I haue anatomized mine own folly. And now me thinks 
vpon a fudden J am awaked as it were out of a drcame, I haue had a rauing 
fk.ranged vp and downe, in and out, I haue infaltcd oucr mod kind of men; 
abufed (omc ? olfended others, wronged my felfe, andnow being recoucrcd^ 
and pereeiuing mine errour, cry with *0rkndo y Solvite me y pardon that 
which is paft, and j will make you amends in that which is to come j J pro* *Moflol 9 
mile you a more fober difcour fe in my following Tf eatife, 

If through weakneffe,foHy$paffion , \ difcontent,ignorancc,I haue faid a- 
miflcjlet it be forgotten and forgiuen. I acknowledge that of * Tacit ut to be J Vitrim ^ x 
true, ^iJpcr*f*cetU ubi nimk ex vero traxere,acrem fui memeriam retmquut i fip^Tex"*- 
a bitter jeftleaues a fting behind it: and as an honorable man obfcruei/lT/^ tertian prove* 
feare a Satyr iih their memories, J may iuftly fufpeel: the worft t and *0t m - p// f a * 1 
though I hope I haue wronged no man, yet m Medea s words I will craue m; 
pardon. '• — dllud'tam voce extrema fetp^ * Mvd.\ 1. 

Mtine&nt in mimo verba y fed melior tibi Eflayes, now 

MemorUn0firifttbedt.hdcir4daU Vijouni$« 
-11.: jl r Albums, 

Obliterentur - 

And in ray laft words this J doc defire, 

That what in paflion I haue faid^or ire, 

May be forgotten jand a better mindc 

Be had of vs,hcreafter as you tinde* 
I carnefily recjncfl; eucry priuate man, as Sc&tiger did Cardan, not to take of- 
fencc.I will conclude in his words,5/w^ cogmtum b&berespsn filunt donaret 
nobis b& facet ias nojirot fedet/am indignnm duceres, tarn human urn a»imu > 
lencingeniumpjel mintnwn fuffittwcm deprecsri oferterc^* Jf hereafter in 


Vemocritus to the Reader. 

64 anatomizing this furly humour, my hand flip, as an vnskilfuU Prentifc, I 
I.iunce too deep, and cot through skin and all at vnawares, or make it (mart, 
or cutawry,7 pardon a rude hand,an vnskilfu! knifc/is a moft difficult thi ng 
to keep an etien hand,a pcrpetuall tenor,and not fomctimes to Iafh our*, dtf 

\2Sf£uu^ eii • ee ft s * t y r * m ***feril>erzj y there be fo many obiefts to divert, inward 

Immm forum perturbations to rnoIeft,and the very beft may fomctimes zxxcjtkquando fo. 

ou t natw*. #ut dsrmitu Homerm\\\ is impofliblc not in fo much to ouer&ooc : 
ll ' — — of ere in long* fas eft obreftre fomnnnr. 
But what needes all this f I hope there will no fuch caufe of offence bee gi- 
uen; if there be, * Nemo aliquid rectgnofut } noS mentimmr omnix. 

* per. lie deny all (my laft refuge,) recant a!,renounce all J haue faid-, bu t J prcflirae 
of thy good fauour and gracious acceptance,and out of an allured hope and 
confidence thereof , I wtllbeginne. 

LcBori mdefmntQ* 
uimeemm* T f ' V verb cavefis edico quifquis cs , nc tcmere fugillcs Au, 
7J g llTcUm A thorem hujufee operis, aut cavillator irridcas. Imb nc vcl 
*Hip?os e& exaliorumccn{ura,taritcobloquaris (vis dicani vcrbo) ncquid 
vamgeu, ac- nafotulus incpte improbes, aut falfb fingas. Nam ii talis revera 
Z^mctttlm fit,qualcm prsc fe fcrt Junior Demccritus, feniori Democrito faltem 
% wmmarm^ affinis,autcjus Gcnium vel tantillumfapiatj actum dc te, cenfo. 
fedpofa'Mm rem acque ac dclatorem d agee econtra (petulanti (blene cum fit) 

convent non Per r m i- • • • - r\ 11 • • <o\ •/• 

lovm deftpk*- lumabit tc in jocos, comminuet in iales, addo etiam,& Deo rijnt 
JuISSi te facnficabic. 

mmreceptacu- Iterum monccuie quid cavillcre, nc dum Vemomium Juniorem 
ingenium convicus mrames, aut lgnominiole vitupcres, dete non male 
JSLfw- fcntientcm,tu idem audias ab amico cordato,quod olim vulgus 
/blTS^r "dbdmtanum ab c Hippocrate , conciuem bene meri turn &popu- 
wratri \ftttm laremfuum T)cmocritum,xxo infano habcns,N* tu Vmocrtte fa\m 9 
pS!^" Jlultiautem infant Abderiu. f Abderitan* peElora plebk habts.Hxc 
tc paucis admonitum volo (male fcriate Le&or ) abi. 


Pag.i , for fol. read page. p.*.'l.x.for to hirti,r.frora him. pf.I,i8,r.more.atlarge. p.8.I.e?.r.^p»r pj4, 
marg.r.fpiritalis p.33.1.zo,r.theforhe. p.43 l.itf.r .family, p.77.1 14J. quani 
4[uum.p.38.marg.l;t.p dele ic.p.9i,37.r.8.p.93.1.j7.r.proceir]on. p.104.1 i.r. complaining that. v.\o6.\. 

marg.^ . 

t9.r.miftakeandampl!fie.p.i78 l.i8.r.fiue. p.x79 tnarg. n ».r.rci.p.i8 i 8.1.44 r. quodcuiquamconfingic, 
coiuis poteft jn marg.]it.V.fuam p.2i4.1.34.d€lc,fide.p.a2< . in lie.", r.Cyprinorum.p.13 \ \ ^ .r.houres 
fortimes.p.i5i-U8.delcnow.p.a34.1.3?.r.ruch writers. p.z«4.1.i 4 .r.vilc, hatedofGod fo faken^p 334. 
I.2i.r.Pius Sccundus.p.3 f 7-1.44 r.dote. p.3* 1 .1.1 z.r.pra?bet.p.3^ J J^tf.r.integram. p.3 71.1. 1 .r.ldalean." 

p.373.1.11 r.aurco.p.4ro J 1.47.r.Caraae.p.4i5 > 4 .r.her. p e ;8 1 iz. 

r.irrefiftable.p.i49.1.?8.r.ofprovecation$.p43tf.L*i.rfubdiuiding. p.437 1. 3 t dele a p^J?J 24. rob.' 

(craTnda,l3«.r,obfu.p,449j.i5.r.him.p.45i.l.47.r.threc.p J 47<;.l 4 r.fcold, fight p. 4 77.'-i.r C.mefmia 

Ui third bookc of chc life aad deede j af fr«^M Ximtmm^. J i«Xz^r.Amynus.p.j4i,l, 



In Difeafcs 
■Srfl. i. ' 

Clmpulfiue; fi}ine,c#ncupifccncc,8cc 
*Their Cau-^ 

fes, Snbft. I .^Inftmmentall ; intemperance, all fecond cauici, 

"Of the Bo-CEpidemicall ; as Plague, Plica, Ice 
dy :;©•. 2 Or 

which are ^Particular; aiCtJUt,Dropfie,&c 


"Indifpoficionj as allpertutbationi , cuil! aflfe&i- 
ons ; 8cc. 





Of the head 
or minde. ^ 


[Habits, as 

Chorus fan&iViti, 

PotTcfiion or obfcrTita of Di- 

Melancholr. See y 
^ts £quif QCiUQtis, in Diipofition, improper, &c. Subfctt. 

Mmh. 2 t 
To its ex- 
plication, a 
of Anato- * 
parts of 

r Body 

Contained as < 



Humours 4* Blood,Fleame,8c<. 
Spirits; vital!, natural!, animal!. 


Iy,invvhicrJ Mmh. 3. 

Similar;* fpermaticall, or flefti, bones^ 
nerues, &c. 

Or ^Containing }Diflimilar; brainc, heart, liuer, tec 

CVegctall. Subfttt. /. 
I Soule and his faculties, as^Scnfibie. SnbftQ. i. 7. 6. 

^Rational!. 5W/a./#. #/* 


Irs Definition,name,dj'rTerence, Subf.i. 
The part and parties afre<Sted, arrec*tion ) &c Svlf.2. 
The matter of melincholy,naturall, vnnaturall, &c. S$Af,+. 

TOfthe Head alonc,Hypo-C with their (cue- 
Proper to vcondriacall , or windy J rail caufts , fymp- 
parts, as )melancholy. Of the whole) tomet , progn«- 
Species, of} °I C^ody Lfticks, cures, 

kinds w hichr^ n ^™ te » a$ ^ OUCI1% ^ acn# ^ ln? fubic&of the third Far- 
arc 1 ^- titiott. 

Its Caufes !«z. A. 
Its Symptomcs or Signes. Srft.j. B. 
Its Prognofticks or Indications. S9&.4,. 4, 
\lts Cures, the fubie& of the fecond Ptrtiritro. 



choly arc 

SjMpps pf the firjl ftrtitton. 

As from God immediatly , or by fecond caufes,£*f/«#. * • 
Super- JOr from the D;ueliimm:diatly,with aDigrcffion of the Nature 
i ofDmels. Sub fx. 

Or mediatly by Magitians, Witches. Subf.;. 
Primary as [hrrcs,proucdby Aphorilmes. Signes from Phifio^. 
nomy, Metopofcopy, Chiromancy, Subf. 4. 
"Congcnitc ^Old age, Temperament, Subf /. 
inward from £Parcnts,it being an hereditary diieafe. Sttbf.t, 
^ [Nurfes,o*Jp. 
to I Education Sub.2 f »■ 
* TerrorSjaffrights,^//. 
^ Scoffes,calumnies,bittcrie(h.«£4 
\ , LofTe of libcrtie,fcruitude, impri. 

fonmcnt. Subf./. 
*=s I Poverty and want. SubfJ.^'^ 
An heapc of other accident^ 
death of friends, lolTc &c 
Subf, 7. 

In which the body works on the mind^ 
and this malady is caufed by precedent 
difeafes, as agues, pox, &c. or tcmpc* 







ous,as ^ 


or adven-, 

which are 


Particular to the three Species. S ec jl 


denr,nfa-< rature innate. Svb.i. 

Memb j, 

Or by particular parts diP.empcred, 
asbrainc,heart, fp!ccr.e,liuer,Mefcntc- 
<ry Pylorus,itomacke,&:c. Subfe. 


Melancho- , 
lytic Sub./ 




lar cau- 


Of hypo- r Inward 
or windy J Or 

f Outward 

body arc 



f Innate humour, or from difremperature adufr. 
J A hot braine, corrupt blood in the braiae. 
S ExcclTe of Vcncry , or defect. 
I Agues or fomc pieccderrt Diieafe. 
^Fumes arifing from the ftomackc, &c. 

THeat of the Sunhe immoderate. 
J Ablowonrhc head, 

I Ouermuch vfe of hot wines,fprces j garlicke,onyona > 
J hot bathes.oucrmiKh waking,&c. 

Id 'encfTe,foIitarinc{fe,or ouermuch ftudy, vehement 
Xpaflions, perturbations,* c. 

'Default of fpleene, belly JboweIs l ftomacfc,myfcntc* 
1 ry,meferiacke vcines,liucr,&c. 
►Moneths, or hemrods ftopt, or any ether ordinary 
Evacuation. \ 

> Thofc fix noo-naturall things abufed. 

^Liuer diftempered,ftopped,ouerhot, apt to inge*. 
[ dcr melancholy, Temperature innate. 
^Baddiet/upprefllon of He«rod s ,fc c . anc j f uch<s 

vacuations^anW^arcs &c. thofc fix nou«wu 
' turall things ibuf c «\ 


ry caufes 
as thole 
fix non- 1 

Sett. 2. 

Diet of- 


SjHifftsrf tire firjl ttrtith** 

r Bread, courfc and blacke,&c. 
Drinke; thicke,thinne, fowre,&c. 
Water vncleanc,milke,oyle,vincger,wine 3 fpice5, fce. 

CParts; heads, fcetjCntrals.fatjbaconjbloodj&c* 
FIcfh^.^^BeefCjPorke, Vcnifon,Hares, Goates, Pigeon^ 

£ I Pcacocks,Fenfoule,&c. 
HearbsXOf fifti; all (hell fifh, hard and flymie fifli.&c. 
Fid), «^Of hcarbs; puIfe,cabage,mellons,garlick jOnyons, &c, 
^&c. £AI1 roots,raw fruits,hard and windy meats. 
Quality SP r cp ar,n gi dre{Ting, fharpe fauces, falcmeates, indurate, 
as in I fowced,fryed,broyld, all made difhes, &c. 

CDiforder in eating, immoderate eating , or tt vnfcafona» 
Quantity «^ ble timcs,&c. Subf. 2. 

£Cu(tome,delight,appetite altered, &c. Subf. 
Retention & E-JCoftiuenefre,hotbathcs,fwcating,ifTues ftoppcd,Vcnusinex <9 
vacuation.£#£~f £ ceiTe,or in defect phIebotomy,purging,&c 
Ayre; hotjCold^tempeftuouSjdarkejthickjfoggyjmoorillij&c.-S^/I/. 


Mem. 3. Sett. 2. Tlraf. 

Pa{Tions& per- 
turb nios of the 
mindc. Subf. z. 
Withadigrcfli- ( 
on of the force 
of Imagination 
Sub.2.icc\\ viri- 
on of paffions 
Jjnto. c #* /. 


mclan- ( 
•re ci- 

Vnfeafonable, excefTiue, or defe&iue of body or mindc., folitarincflTc, 
^ idlcnclTe,a life out of action 5cc. 
Slecpc and waking,vnfeafonablc,inordinate,oucrmuch,ouetlittle &c. Subfj, 

Sorrow caufe and fymptome.5#£.^. Fearc caule and 
fymptomcSV^./. Shame, repulfc,difgrace,&c.5« 
ciblc ^Envy and malice Snb.y. Emulationjhatredjfa&ionjde- 
(ircofrcucnge.Stf^.tf. Anger a caufc. Subf.g. Difcon- 
or ^Vehement defnes, ambition. Sub. 1 1. CouetoufncfTe, 
I itKcifyvfi*. Sub. 1 2. Loue of pleaftircs , gaming in ex- 
con- <» ccffc y 8ic.Sub.Jj. Dcfire of praifc,pnde,vainglory &o 
cupif Snb 14. Loue of learning, ftudy incxcciTe, with adi- 
crblc grcflion of the mifery of Schollers, and why the Mule? 
(jue Melancholy. Sub. if. 
r Body,as ill digcftio.crudity ,wind,dry braines,hard belly,thick blood, much 
wakmg ; heiuincs &: palpitation of hcart,lcaping in many places tccSub.! 
"comoi 1 CFcare and forrow without a iuft caufc , fufpition , jcaloufic, 
to all ^ difcontent,folitaiincfie,irkfomnefle, continuall cogitation*, 
ormoft/ reftlciTe thoughts,vaine imaginations &c. Sub.2. 

" of <jr. U.cT-& c «P arts of the body,heart 3 
braine,liucr,fpleenc, ftomack, & c. 

C Sanguine are merry itill,laughing, pleafant, medictting on 
2 J playes,wom©n,muiicke,&c. 
g J PhlcgmatJcke,flothfull,dull,heauy,&c, 
a ] Cholcrickc, furious, impatient, fubie&to heare and fee 
^ J ftrange apparitions &c. 

[j31ack,folitary,fad,they think they are bewitched,dead 8cc 
Or mixt of thefe 4 humors aduft or not aduft, infinitely varied* 





cular < Their feucralIr-Ambitious*thinkcs himlelfe a king, a lord, c«- 
topri- cuftoms,con-^uctous runnes on his money; Iafciuious on his 
vatc ditions,incli-<miftris,Rcligioushathreuelations,vilions, is a 
natios , difci-^/Prophct,or troubled in mindc. A Scholler on 
plinc, &c VJiis booke^&c. 

CPIeafantat firft, hardly difcerned , afterwards 
Continuance I harfli,and intolIerable,if inveterate, 
as J Hence fomeC/ .Talfn cegttttt: 
make threes z. C'g't** ^lo^ui. 
degrees £s .Exequt leqMUtM. 
By fits or continuat,as the obje& Ttrief,pleifingJ 

Simple,or as it is mixt with other difcafes, Apoplexies, gout, *ftttitm 9 
. ZlqSo the fymptorai arc rarioui, A a Sec ffi Mt&.J.?*^ 




fons , 



to Su. 

of time , 

the humor is<f make 
intended or 


"in Body 


Co the three 
diftinft fpe- 
Sett s . 

Head me- i 

driacal or* 
windy s 
St&j. 2. 

fticks of me, 

S/mf times of the fit f Partitie*. 

HejdachjbindingjheauinelTe.vertigo, IightnelTe, fing. 
ing of thecares,much waking/ixcd cyes,high color, 
red eyes,hard belly, dry body, no great figne of me- 
lancholy in the other parts. 

In rnindc <^ ous carcs / e H ic i tuc fc,anxicty, perpetual! cogitatto of 
fuch toyes they are poflefled with , thoughts like 
drcames &c. 

"Winde, rumbling in the gurs, belly ake, heateinthe 
jbowelSjConvulfiOnSjCruditicSjfhortwind, fowre and 
In Body^fharpebclchingSjCold fwear, paine in the left fide, fuf- 
Tocation,palpitacion jheauinclTTe of the heart, finging ia 
•the cares,much fpittlc and moill&c 


C Fearcfull, fad/ufpuious.difcontentjanxiety &c. Laf- 
In minde<^ciuious by rcafon of much wind,troublefornc dtcaraes, 
£affe&ed by fits &c. 

SJBlacke, moft part leanc, broad vejnes, groite, thicke 
In Body"£ blood, their hemrods commonly flopped, &c. 

^f.^Oln nundeS^^'^MiwyfrnQ light, auerfe from company, 
vl c fearcfull drcames &c. 

T Why they are fo fearefall, fad, fufpittous without a caufe, 
A reafon I why folitary, why melancholy men arc witty, why they fuppofc 
of thefe J they hcare and fee ftrange voices,vitions,apparitions. 
fymp- < Why they prophecie, andfpeake ftrange languages , whence 
tomes. comes their crudity, rumbling, convulfions, cold fweat,heauj- 
^Mcmlr^. nciTe ©fheart, palpitation, cardiaca, fearcfull drcames, much wa„ 
^4cing,prodigious phantafies. 

Morphew, Scabbcs,Itcb, Breaking out,&e» 
Blacke Iandife. 
Tending to good as ")lf the Hemrods voluntarily open. 
If varices appearc. 

Inveterate melancholy is incurable. 
Tending Cp cuill as <Ifcold,ii degenerates often into Epilcpfie, Apep!exie 3 
* Dotage,or into Blindncfle. 
If hot,into madnc{fe,Dcfpaire,and violent death. 

pThe grieuoufneffe of this aboue all other Difeafes, 
The Dheafes of the mind arc more grieuous then thoft 
of the Body. 

Corollaries and *? Whether it be lawfull in this cafe of melancholy, for * 
queflion* man to offer violence to him fclfc. Ncg. 

How a melancholy or mad man offering violence t© 
himfclfcjis to be cenfured* 


FoJ.i a 




r S E C T I O N. 

Thb First)Mimber. 

^svbsbct ion. 

The caujes of them. 

P C^y^Xi2b/c^ AM, the tn oft excellent , and moft noble creature of Mm» Excel." 
^^WA.rfAt the World, the frtncipall and mighty worke of God, and 1 ^mm m- 
wonder ofT^atttre, as Zoroaflef calls himj the *mzrv&il of racdum. 
, m*tvAil$Jk% efatai the b '^ibrid?ment And Epitome of the b Mliudt 
W~\ S^V V^l Wor/a^s Pltny tcarmes \\\ f cn,Mtcroco[mus ) a little World, ^. 

* amodell of the World , < Soueraignc Lord of the 
Earth,and folc Commander and Gouernour ofallthe Znaria fmiiunt 
Creatures in it: to whofc Empire they arc fubiecl: in staigcfwcit. 
particular^nd yeeld obedience, farre furpafling all the reft, not in body only, ^["f^ff' 
but in foule, d Imagine Imago , e created to Gods owne f Image, to that im- 4 vt in numif- 
mortallaudincorporealKubftancc, with all the faculties and powers be- mttctpnuu 
iongingvnto ir,wasatfirft pure/livinc^erfc&Jiappy, s Created after God in S^l"***' 
trueholtmjfe andrtghwoufnejfe >Deo congruent, free from all manner ofinfir- ".Gear, 
mities,and put in Paradifc ; to know God, to praifc and glorifie him , to doc 
his will; 

Vt dijs tonfimiles farm tat deos$ 
(as an old Poet faith) to propagate the Church, But this moft noble Crea- gi 
turc, Hentrtflu^&UchrymofACommutat'to ( h one cxclaimcs ) O pittifull 6EphcC4.a^ 
change ! is falnc from that he was, and forfeited his cftatc, become mife/A- 
hdii bfimuncio, a caraway, a catiffc, one of the moft mifcrablc creatures of 
the World,if hebeconfidcred inhis owne natufe 3 an vnregeneratcman^nd 
fomuchobfeured by hisfahYthatfomcfcwreliquescxceptcdjhc is inferi- 
ourtoabcaft. » Man in honour that vnderfandethnst , is like vntobeafls that iP6l.4M»i 
psn]b t fo Z)4**s/efteemcs him : amonftcrby aftupendMetamorphofis, k a ^for^™* 
bcaft,adogge,ahoggc, whatnot ? Quant ttmmutatiu ah 'tllo? How much * ufcimfupe- 
altered from that he was.bcforeblefiTcd and happy ,now miferab!e,accurfed *, ^squm^m* 
Ifle mufleat his meat in forroxv, fubicft to death and all manner of infirmities, afii^uipmfo* 
all kinde of calamities. m Great traucR is created f or && men, and an heauyToke rortUonm, 
fin the Jonnesof^4dam^ from the day that they goe out ef their mothers wombe^ ^!q^' G ^ 
vnto (kit day thtj rttmnc to the mother of aU things. T^jmefy their thoughts \and » f&fa,^ 

f Imago munii 
in ceYpereflci 

Part, i .Sc&. i. T>lfeafes ingeneraU. Mcmb. I . Sub£i, 

2 ftxrc ofthsir hearts, and their imagination of things they waitfer, and the day 
if death. To him that fitteth in the glorious Throne , to him that fitteth beneath 
in the earth and ajhes,from him that u cloathed in blew filke,and weareth a, Crown, 
to him that is cloathed tn jimple linnen. Wrath, envy, trouble , and vnquietne[fe % 
of MeSh«- ft are e f &*th, and rigor, and fir if e , andfuch things come to both Man and 
lj. Beafl,but [cauenfoldtothevngodlj. All this befalls him in this life, andpcr» 

ad vcntureeternali mifery in the 4ife to come. 
impulSue Theimpulfmecaufeofthefcmifericsinman , this privation or deftru&i* 
"r "and in- ot1 °^ Gods ^ ma g c 3 thecaufc of death and difcafcs,of all tcmporall and etcr- 
femUics. nail punifhments, was the finneofourfirft parent Adam, n in eating of the 
"Gen 3. 17, forbidden fruit,by the Divds irrigation and allurement. Hisdifobediencc, 
pridejambitioivntempcrance, incredulity , curiofity, from whence procee- 
ds r^aj ded originall finnc, and that gcncrall corruption of mankinde , as from a 
ttgmen mam- fountainc flowed all bad inclinations,and a&uall tranfgrclIions,which caufc 
wJT&tkm our fcuerall calamities, inflicted vpon vs for ourfinnes. And this belike is 
immifit miferU that which our fabulousPoets haue fhadowed vnto vsinthctaleof °Pan* 
wmtMmati. £ 0Ya6 box 3 which being opened through her curiofity, filled the world full of 
vHom.Tli all manner ofDifeafes. It is not curiofity alone, but all other crying (innes 
fnp Antiocb. of ours.which pull thefe fcuerall plagues and miferies vpon our heads. For 

* Prov iat! 7 vbipeccatum, ibi procella, as P Chryfojiome well obfer ues. q Fooles by reafon of 

( Quad out m their tranfgref ions, and becaufe of their iniquities are ajfucled. x Fearecommeth 

erebrtus bella likefuddendefoIation^ndde(lru5lionltkeawhirlewind.affliBionandanzui^bz^ 
con;utunt,quod ' r . >. ' ~, J . - n . . t ~ • 11 

fieriTtLu &fa- cauiethcydid notfeareuod, 1 Areyou Jhiken with wanes fisCyprian wcllvr. 
mes feUickudi- geth to Demetrius >arc you mole fled with dtarth andf "amine \is your health crumbed 
™2d 'fevietft w/t ^ ra & n & difeafes ? U mankindgenerally tormented wiih Epidemical maladies-, 
bmmorbUvn- 'tis all for your fmnes JJaggai the 1 *g.i o> Amos the 1 * /er.y. God is angry,puni« 
ktujtfimfftHty fh et h anc j threatncth.becaufe of their obftinacy and ftubburneflc, thev will 

cmdhumanum , . T r 1 111 i s- a • •✓>,' , 

gmm luti per** not turnc vnto him. * If the earth be barren then for want of raine , if dry and 
fetjgne vaflatur fqualidyttytftdno fruit, if your fountaines be dryed vp,your wine, corne,andoyle 
mm^cjpr. blafred,if the aire be corrupted, and men troubled with difeafes , 'tis by reafon of 

* si rarodejk your fin ves. Which like the blood of Abel cry lowdto neauen for vengeance, 
^mhTptml LetmentJer > C(l P S-'S'tbat wee haue finned, therefore our hearts are heavie , Ifay 
fitis pdverit SM r ' 12 * weeroarelike Beares, andmoume likeDoues, andwant health,&c. for 
fqvMat,/; vix ourfinnes anitrefpaffesRux. this we cannot endure to heare,or to take notice 
MltntJp- °^ Uer '2^o.wearefmttten in vaine,and receiue no correction, & cap,f.j. Tho* 
rito gleba pro- hafl firiken them, but they haue not forrowed, they haue refu fed to receiue corrects* 

ti^amdemita ° n - ^ ey ^ AUe nct return ^ u Hero * couW n0 c aoia<c lo »» Baptif!,znd * Domitian 
cyprim. cou j d not endure ApoUomusto tell the caufes of the plague at Ephcfujfcis in- 
■ Mat. 14,?. iufticcjbis inceft,adultery,aTld the like. 

MfSuTpoi- To P uni(h lhereforc thisblindnefic and obftinacy of ours, as aconcomi. 
lrfi*uflitum rant caure,andprincipallagent,is Gods iuftiudgmcnt, in bringing thefe ca» 
"' Ui m!i* r & ,amitics v P on vs > to chaft ' fc vs > 1 % M our fmncs, & to fatisfie Gods wrath. 
IZeTa^pr*- For the Law requires obcdienccorpuoiftimcnt, as you may read at large, 
termionemfe- T>eut.2$.i $.lf they will not obey the Lord,andkeepe huCommandements andOr* 
7£™faitT d i nA » ce *> thennUthe f ectir fafy*ttc o ™ rCurfedintbctowne andim 

1 it. ' the field ejrc* Cur fed in the fruit of the body &c. * The Lord jhattf 'end thee trou* 
I ble and ^otmejbecaufe of thy wickedneffe. And a little after, *> The LordjhaUfmite 

» YcrCir. thcewitbthtbotchof^gypt % *ndwithZmrodsiank*ith^ andtho* 


Part;.Se&i. Vi/eajcs m general!. Mcmb.i.Subti. 

tanfl not be healed* c With madneJfe t blt»dnejfe,andaftonifhing oj heart •This Paul 3 
(zconds % Rom.2 p. Tribulation and angutjh on the foule ofcuery man that doth e l8 * 

Or clfc thcfc chaftifcmcnts arc affli&ed vpon vs tor our humiliation, ^aftlm.^' 
to cxcrciic and try our patience here in this life, to bring vs home, to make 11 % 5.13. 
fsknowGodandoiirfelucstoinformevs^ndteach vs wifedome. & There- eiSSSii' 
fore is my people gone into captiu itie. becaufe they had no knowledge therefore u the wjjL,. wti* 
wrath of the Lord hndled again ft this peopce^ and he hath fir etched out his handv> Ker if er aum 
fon them. He is defirous of our falnation, e T^jjlra falutis avidus , faith Lemni- ift^'rubinA 
«/,and for that cauie pulls vs by the care many times, to put vsin mindc of m exercet.-U- 
our duties .Thtt they that erred,might hxue vndcr (landing ( as /fay fpeakes 29. YTd^eccuk' 
2 1 J and fo be reformed, I am afflicled 3 and at the point of deaths as Dauid con fef- mMr. 
(eth of himfclfc/f ?/ $S.r$,fjr ver % <) mine eies are for rowf till thro ugh mtneafp* t 
ftisn. And chat made him turne vnto God. Great Alexander in the midft of ^tsT? 
all his protnenty,by a company of Parafitcs deified, and now made a God, • Ufc*. cum 
when he faw one of his wounds bleed , remembred that he was but a man, ^^J^J" 
and remitted of his pride. In morbo recolltgit fe animus^ f Pliny well percei- & ^mntur, 
ucd//? ftckneffe l the minde reflects vpon it felfe , and with ludgement fur v ayes it Dum feni*** 
felfe .andabherres its former ceurfeuiniomuch that he concludes to his friend fg^f^tJ* 
Marius that it were the period of all Phihfophy , if we could fo continue being sxpers hneu«. 
found, or per forme but a part of th?.t which we Promt fed to doc.beinr ficke. wb ->(o ns m »*f>" n > ff "' 

. /in r ; 1 , 1 ■ „ t 1. % } „ r , , , n a ' i t*OT BUSlft *m*> 

u wife tben,willcon[ider tbafe things, as Dautd did, PJdl.144.ver/eiajt. And r u. 
whatfoeucr fortune befall him,make vie of it. If he be in lorrow,nccd,{kk' 6 \ummumeflh 
neffc.or any other adverfuy. fcrioufly to recount with himfclfe, why this or ^^tnitt'e^e 
thatmalady,nii!ery. this or that incurable difeafe is inflided vpon hi«i ; it perfeyenmyt, 
maybe for his goo d ^ ft; expedites Peter h\d of his daughters ague. Bodily *"Jj*?" 
ficknefle is tor hisloiileshealth^^r^/^/^r^/^ad henotbecne vifitec), p^ 9 $l^ m * 
he had vtterly pcrilTicd for ^he Lord correclethh/m whom he loueth t euen as & ^vttweb. 
fathsr doth bis child in whom he deligbteth. If hec be fafe and found on the o- ' pr * % *»**- 
ther fidejand free from all manner of infirmity , k & cui „ k itor.EpJl. 

Gratia, forms, valet udo contingat abunde, **.s.4. 
Et rnundus vttfns non deficiente crumenL 
And that he hanc grace ; bcauty,favour,hciIth s 
A cleanly diet j and abound in wealth. 
Yet in the midft of all his profpctity,let him remember that caveat of Mty* 'Dw.isT, 
fesy 1 beware that he doe n$t forget the Lord his God, that he be not puffed vp, ^j^" 
But acknowledge them to be his good gifts and bencfitcs, and * the more be> \ Quanta ma. 
bath,to be more thankfully Agapetianus aduifcth) and vfc them aright. ''^Jellfmu ! 

Now the inftrumentall caufes of f hefe our infirmitics 3 arc as diverfc } as the fa.'«r 3 M*r# tbii 
infirmities thcmfclucs,ftarres,heaucns,clemcntSj&c. and all thofe creatures g^rm 
which God hath made, are armed againft finncrc, They were indeed once inftrum^S 
good in themfclues, and that they are now many of them pernicious vnto caufc of our 
vs,is not in their naturCjbut our corruption Avhich hath caufed it. For from jnfira01tlfSs 
the fall of out firft parent o^w.thcy haue beene changcd,the earth accur- 
fed^hc influence of ftarres altered, the fourc Elements, Beafts^irds^PlantSj 
are now ready to offend vs. The primtpall things for the vfe tf man are ivater \ 
Firejron, Salt, MealejvhcateJlony^M 'tike ^OileyfVinefi/oatbingigoodto the God- 
b % tothe Sinners turned to <?#///, Ecclns 30.2 <<. Fire^ndHaile^andFamine^nd 
Vurtb^lltbefeare created for vengeance ',Ecclus 30,2£.Thc Hcauens threaten 


Part. r.StdLl. Dijeajes in general/. Mcmb.i.SubCiJ 

a vs wich their Comcts,Scarres,Plancts,with their great coniun&ions,Ecclip-. 
rcs^OppofuionSjQiiartileSjandfiichvnfricndlyAfpcas. The Aire with his 
Jvktcorsjhunder and Lighcning,intemperatc heat & eo!d,mighty windes, 
tern pcfts, vnleafonablc weather j from which procecde dearth , famine, 
plague,and ail manner of Epidemicall difeafesj conluming infinite myriads 
« Boum de o£ men. At Cyro in Egypt, euery third y care, ( as k isrclated by ■ Boterus Sc 
imnrmm. others, 300000. dye of the plague, and 2ococo. in Confisntinofle , euery 
flftorfeuemhjatthc vtmoft. How doth the Earth terrific and opprcflevs 
with thole terrible Earthquakcs 5 whicharc moft frequent in n Cbin4 5 lapan 9 
iJio^ild"' andthofcEaftcrneCIimcs.fwallowing vpfometimcsfixc Citties at once? 
Fro* de nbm How doih che water rage with his inundationSjirruptions, flinging downc 
Jtimciitim- XowncSjCittieSjVillageSjBridges cWc.befidcs fhipwraekcs,whole Hands are 
^JaLdJe- fometimesfuddenlyouer-whelmcd with all their Inhabitants, in Ze/and, 
fcrip. Eci£.aziu HolUnd^k^ many parts of the Continent drowncd,as the P lake Erno in Ire. 
v^oiraid-u l in( J ? ^T^jhilfyfrAter urciumcadtvem Futenticernimusfrett* Inthefcnnes 
cambrtnf. ofFreeJland xVgOjby reafon of tempefts,* the Sea drowned multx hominum 
"2? D c°J r ?o ™M'M>&'M menti f lns numero^ thecountrey almoft,men andcattcll in it. 
* MMjk%'ib°} How doth the Fire rage^thac mcrcilefic Element , confuming in an inftant 
C*{ t c*t\6*. wno i c Citties? What cownc of any antiquity or notc,hath not bcenc once, 
againc and againe,by the fury of this raercilefie clcmcntjdefaced.vtterty rui- 
natcd^ndlefcdcfolate? In a word, 
ttuU ^ t Ignis pepercit, »nd* met git, aeris 

* Vis pe(iilentis£^mriereptHmnectt l 

Bello [upcrfteSy takibm merto per it. 
Whom Fire fparcs,Sea doth drowncj whom Sct t 
Peftilent aire doth fend to clay, 
Whom warrc feapes, ficknefle takes away. 
To defcend to more particulars , how many creatures are at deadly feud 
with men ? Lions, Wolues, Beares &c. Some with hoofcs,horncs,tuske$, 
teeth,tailes: How many noxious Serpents and venomous creatures, ready 
to offend vs wich ftings,breath ; fight,or quite kill vs ? How many pernicious 
fiflieSjplantSjgumm^SjfruitSjfcedes^owrcs &c. could I reckon vp on afud- 
dainc,which by their very fmell many of thcm,touch,iafte 3 caufc fomc gric* 
vous malady ,if not death it felfc? Some make mention of a thoufand feue« 
rail poyfons.- but thefc are but trifles in rcfpecVThc grcatcft cnemie to man, 
Mom* IpU is man,Wtt ° thc Diuc l s (till ready to doc miCchicfc.feis own 
hf M ,hombt- executioner, a Wolfe, aDiuell to himfelfc, and others. 
t»m demru ,» yi x fa n $ homines b§c nomine digue, 

l%iefi. Gj* im & lupi)f<*v* plus ftr it At is hdenf. 

' Mifceni Sometimes by the Diucls helpc , as Magitians , r Witches :lbrr.edme»ky 
mtnmrc*. impoftures,mixtures,poyfons,aratagcmmcs,finglccombats, warrcs. We 
hackeandhewe , as if wee were adsnternecionem tfgti, like Cadmus foul- 
dicrs, borne to confumcono another. 'Tis an ordinary thing taread of M 
iooooo,and two hundred thoufand men flainc in abattaiic.befidcc t\\ ntta* 

ner of tortures,brafen bulls, rackes,wheclcs, ftrappadocs,gunnes 3 engines, 
ill^SSJ' 1, ^ A ^ Hfmmcor P mhumAnu ^pf^ qutmmembrt: Wee hauei*- 
9 ; . vented more torturing inftrumcnts 3 then there be fcucrall members its 

mans body, as Cyprian well obfcrues.To comcnccrcr yct>our ownc ptreiw 

Part.i.Scdt i. D/fa/es mineral/. Mcmb.i.Subf r. 

by their offences, indifcrction, and intemperance arc our mortail enimics. 5 
* The fathers kite t At en fewer grapes jlhA the children:, teeth ire fa en edge .They 1 Ewcb * 
catifc our griefc many timcs,and put vpon v$ hereditary dilcales, incuitablc 
infirmities; They torment vs^and wc are as ready to iniure our poftcrity. 

u mix Aitttri progtniemvictofioremAX)&x\ *c latter end of the world, « H^Jii.j. 

as x forctold 3 is ftill likctobc worft. We arethusbad by naturc,badby oi.i. 
kindc, butfarreworfeby art, eucry man the greareft enemy vnto himlieife, *" *« Tiffl ' 3' *• 
We fiudie many times to vndoe our fc!ucs,abuf»ng thofc good gifts which 
God hath beftowed vpon vs^caltb.W^althjStrengthjWitjLearning^rt, 
Memoric^o our owne deftru&ion^T Perditw tu&ex te. As z M&cabe yF1rch.18.3t 
m killed K^ipolloniu* friends with his owne weapons, wee.arme our (clues to * MftCC ' 3« ; *» 
our owncouerthrowcs,and vfcRcafon ; Art,ludgemcnr,a)l that fhould help 
vs,as fo many inftrumcnts to vndoe vs. So S.Aujltfi ackncwlcdgeth of him- 
feifc in his humble con{zft\on$ jromptriejfetf mt y Memory , Elcquence^fhty 
were Gsds good gifts J>ut he did not vfe them to hu glory. If you will particularly 
knowc how,and by what meanes,confiiltPhyfuians,and they will tell you, 
that it is in offending in (omc of thofc fix non natural! things , of which 1 
fhall after a dilate more large; they arc the caufesofour infirmitics^ourfur •Parr.T.Sc** 
fctting & dmnkenneffe, our immoderate iniatiablc luft.and prodigious riot. * 1CB,fc> -*« 
f 'lures cr*puU^uamgUsliu4 t h is a true faying the bordc confumcs more-then 
the Cword, Cur intemperance 'tis , that pulls fo many ieucrali incurable dif- 
cafesvpon our hcads^that battens b old agc,pcrucrts our temperature , and fc ^ u i t - ue ^ 
briii gs vpon vs bidden death. And laft otall, that which crucifies vs moA, is w* u*w j!««s 
our owne folly^weaknede^want of gouernmentjCur facihtie and pronenes «//«/««• 
in ycelding to ourfcucrallluftSjandgiuingway'tocuerypalTion and pertur- 
bation of thcmindc:l?y which meancs we mcramorphize our felues.and de- 
generate into beafts. Allwhich that of c Poets obicrucd of AgAtncm- t Kmm 
***,thatwhenhc was well plcafed,and could moderate his paflion ,hce was 
-'Mocu/cfy 1ouipdr:\\Vc Jupiter in feature,^*™ in valour,?*//** iri wifdome, 
another God; but when he was angry, he was a Lion^Tigcr.aDogge &c. 
thcrewasno figneor likcncfrcof/^/^r in himjfo we,asior.gaswcarerti« 
led by long a$ wccorrcct our inordinate appetite , and cenforme 
ourfclucsto Gods word.are as fo many lining Saints: 
to Lull, Anger, Ambitton.Prid^and follow our owne waies,wc degenerate i }^mftmn^ 
into beafts.transforme our fclucs,oucrthrowe our conftitutions, d pror,oke Uilux ^ lK i lu ' 
God to angcr,and hcape vpon vs this 01 MeUncholy^m all manner of jrncu- tMtfmti 
lablc difcalcs,as aiuft and defcrued pusiifb, 

SVISIC. 2 fl 
Ml MB. Ie 

The^Wjtmber \$fDif<*fa\ 
CDsvijU* j 

WHatiDircafeis,a!moftetieryPhy{itian defines. « Terndiut calleth *TmfmhM 
it an ^ffcflitn of the foijfontrtry to Nature. f Fufchiw and Crsti, 

trd ***** «r/m mfiims [ Ftfcb>bftM\#.}.S$*.i.t*H, * pi frimum vititiur oil*. ' 
B 49 

Part i.Scd.1. Definit. Numb.Viuifof Vifetjes. Mcmb. i .SubCa. 

6 an hinder ante jhurt,or Alteration of any Action of the Body , or part of it, 5 Tfolo* 
* Diflblutio fie- funus^t diffelntion of that league which it betvceene Body And Soule , And a pertur* 
uV" : tM P tf > ^ tion °f it:a * health u the perfection ^and makes to the preferuation oftt> Labe§ 
tmfmmth. in ^yigellim } an til habit of the Body ,oppo fit c to nature 3 hindering the vjeoftt, O- 
m^eShabi- lhcrs °t h crwife,all to thiscfFc<5t. 

tecMtnHgta. How many Difeafcs there arc , is a queftion not yet determined. » Pliny 
rtm^m vfum reckons vp 300, from the Crownc of the Head,to the folc of the Foot:elfe« 
Number of wncrc he h\th jnorborum infinita mult it udo, thz'xx number is infinite: Howfo* 
Difctfa. euer it was in chofc old times , it boots not ; in our day cs 1 am furc the num. 
i^jfori W ' 7 ' ^ cr * s milcn augmetttcd: - - 1 macies ejr noua febrium, 

Terru incubuit cohort, for befides many Epi- 
dcmicall difcafcs vnheard of 5 and altogether vnknownc to Galen and Hippo* 
crate j,as Scorbutum^Small poxftica, Sweating fickneffe t Aforbus GAllicuy^rjrc. wc 
hauc many propcr,and peculiar almoft to cucry part. No man amongft vs 
fb found,of fo good a conmtution,that hath not fomc impediment of Body 
k KomanfVcc or Mindc. k Quifafuos patimur manes^vc hauc all our infirmities 3 firft or laft, 
DiSfc'o^o- morc or IcfTe, There may bee pcraducnturc in an age , or one of a thoufand, 
ther. like Zoophilia the Mufuian in 1 Pliny fhn may happily hue io5.ycareSjWith 

»c^.jo./(&.7. ou: an y mancr Q f impediment. A Pollio Romulus* that may prclcrue himlelfe 

Centum ctquinq • # . i r £ i ^ 'net t • r 

vixit mnn fm m ^ lr,e andoyle. A man as fortunate as Q^Metelliu t oi whom VAienm lo 

nptk ge- pie & inftance of ccrtaintic in his art. who becaufe he had the fignificators in 
ithemerc^e ^ S cmture fortunate, and free from the hoftile afpc&s dSaturne & Mar$ y 
infirmi/it." ' being a very old man ,° could not remember that euer hexvaj/icke, P Paraeelftu 
• guiquad may bragge,thathccouldmakcamanliuc .aooycare^ or morc,if hec might 
mlmmemrfam bring him vp from his infancie, and diet him as he lift; and fomc Phifitians 
nmddifo'efl, hold,that there is no certainc period of mans life • but it may ftill by tempc- 
™n™m7lct rancc ? and Phyficke,bc prolonged. We finde in the meanc cimc,by common 
buft. m "* cxpcricncc,that no man can cfcape,but that of r Heftod is true: 

*Lib. it vUA nAf \ n ^ $ j«y x WJ£ £, j A ^ XAKti) 

t Ofer.&dks. * 1 * wl P "'fy*™ 1 ™ *i**t*, if ccri rv*7i 

TfV earth's full of maladies, and full the Sea, 
Which fct vpon vs both by night and day. 

Difarft? * f V ^ ou rcc l u ' rc a morc cxa< ^ diuifion °f tnc ^ c ordinary Difcafcs , which 
f Sec vemelm arc incident to mcn,l refcrre you to Phyfitians,ihey will tell you of Acute & 
f*tbJA.i.caf. Chronicke^Fir/izndSecundarjf, Leth ale s^SaIiU ares i Errant, Fixed^SimpU.Com* 
rlfciim%iu foundfionnexedpx Confequent, belonging to par t s t or the who/e 3 in Habst,ot 
6b.$.teti.i.c 7. in DijpoftthnfiLcMi divifion at this timc(asmoft befitting my purpofc)fhal 
wtt\er.sjnt*x, b c j nro thofeofthcBody and of the mindc. For thofe of thcBody ,abricfc 
Catalogue of which Fufchius hath mzde,/nftitutM.j.fec~i,T\cAp.ii.l refcrre 
you to thofe voluminous Tomes of Galen, Aretem, Rbafis.Aviccnna^AlexAU* 
dcrjPaulus ^tiu4^Gordonim y Guianerius: And thofe cxaft Ncotcricks Savm* 
ttarolafiapiuAcciuSyD natus Altomarus^Herculesde SaxoniA^MercuriAlU ri&f 
rim Fauentinm jvctker, Pifo, &c. that hauc methodically , and elaborately 
written of them all. Thofe of the Mindc and Head,! will briefly handle, an4 

— ..... 1 1 ■ , . .1 I I— . » . .11 — ■ III I. I I »J 

J DtfeafesaftheMnde. Mcmb.i.Subfj. 

SVBSIC. 3. ' 

T)ivrfi$n of the D/feafes of the Heidi 

> Hc r eDifi;3rc$orrhcM!ndc ; forafmuch as thcyhaue their chiefefeate 
I and Organs in the head ,'are commonly repeated amongft thedifca- 
frsofthc head Wi ich arc diucrs, and vary much according to their 
#ce, tvH in the hca J,as there be diners parts , fo there be diners gricuances, 
which according to thatdiuifion of c Hturn 'tut, (which he takes out of Aw *?r*ftt. * 
Janus)irc inward or outward(to omit all others which belong to the Eyes 
and Eares^oftrillSjGiimmcSjTcethjMotithjPalatjTonguejVVefe^Chops, ^tblbkam^t 
FacCj&c^belongrngproperlvtothcBrainc^asbaldne^Cjfailingofhairejfnr- teuitavm* 
fakjiicCj&c. u Inward bclongtng to the skinncs next to theBraine^ifed^ gjS'*"* 
ra and Pia mater all hcad-aaic:»,&c.or to the Ventriclcs.Caules.Kells, Tu* u ot'whkh 
nicles 3 Creekes 3 and parts ofir,and their paflfions 3 as Caroler tigo^Incnkm, A 1 x ^ nt ^ h emn ^ 
poptex>e^F*llirtgftcknfJfe.'Thcd\(cAi'cs otthe Ncrues^Crawpes^tupor fonvul \ dtfam?$Jr- 
fiovXrcmorfAlfir. or belonging co rhc excrements of the Brain, as Catarbcs, ceti* s ufin Pta* 
Smezt^RbumtSjDijftllattorts: or cl(c thofc that pcrtainc to the iubftance of te> f s * &tt 
tlx: Btainc it ielte 3 in which arc cowccSwt^.Vrenfte^Lethargie^Melancboly^mad' 
neffejvetke memory, Sapor ,or Coma,Vigil/aejr vig/lComa.Outof thclcagaine 
1 will (ingle fuch as properly belong to the Pbantafie^ot Imagination, or Rea* 
(en it felfe,which x Laurenttu* calls the difeafes of the minde^and Hrldtfbeim, " Cs P-* 
morbos Imagination^ Jut Ratiottis Ufa ^ which are three or foure in number, lm ** 1 * 
fre* fie ^Madmjfe^Melkncholy , Dotage their kindes: as Hydrophobia, Lycan* 
thropu Chorus fanfli Frit , morbi damoniac't : which I will briefly touch and 
point out, infixing cfpccially in this of Melancholy \ as more eminent then 
the refund that through allhiskindcs,caufes, fymptomes, prognoftickes, 
cures: As Lonicerm hath done de Apoplexta , and many othcrs^f many fuch 
particular diieafcs. Not that 1 Mndc fault with others which hauc written of 
this fubicft before, as /a/on Pratenfts t L*arentM % Montaitus, T.Br/ght^c* 
they hauc done very well in their fcuerall kinds and methods . yet that which" 
one omits,anothcr may happily fee, that which one contra<fte 3 another may * 
enlarge. To conclude w ith 7 Set ibanius^that which they haue neglecled y cr per* feme^ 
functor ily bandied, we may mere throughly examine jhat which u obfeurely deltue. rmifX?^til 
7ed tnthemjnay be pei Jptcuoujly dilated and amplified by vs 5 Silo may be made *tw**n*teqt» 
more familiar and eaiie for cucry mans capacity 3 and common good, which d ^^ eluu 
is the chicfe end of my Dilcourf e« rfgm jindL " 

S T I S E Ci 4, 

Dstage, Phrenfie, Msdueffe, Hydrophobid, Lyctnthr9fU v 
ChorHtfanftt Pitt) Extafis. 

D0/*£*,Fatuity 5 or Folly^ts a common name to all the following Spc- (omc will hauc it. "^Laurentm and *Altom&rm comprehend Mww,D^ 
Mddneffe y Melancholy the reft, vndcr this name,and call it thc/*/w- 
mnmgnm of them all. If it be diftinguifhed from thcm 2 it is nttnnllviinge* 

mte t 


Part, i . Sc£t i . Di/eafes of the Mind*. Memb . i . Sub£4i 

' %~ which comes by fomc defeft of the Organs, and oucr-moift Braine,as 
we fee in our common foolcsj and is for the moft part intended or remitted 
in moft mcn,and thereupon fome arcwifer then other : or els it is acquifitc, 
an Appendix or Symptome pffomc other difcafc, which comes or goes', or 
if it continue,afigne of McUncholy itfclfc, 
phrenfie. /V;r<?»//«.which the Greckcs deriuc from the word f f«' , is a Difeafc of 
the MindjWich a continual Madnefie or Dotagc,which hath an acute fcaucr 
anncxcd 3 or els an inflammation ofthcBrainc,or the Membranes or Kclls of 
it .with an acute fcucr 3 which caufcth MadnclTc,and Dotage. It differs from 
Mcliwchaly and A^»^,becaufc their Dotage is without an ague.this con- 
tinuall.with waking,or Memory decayed &c. Mekncboly is moft part illcnt; 
this clamorous, and many fiich like differences arcaffignedby Phyfuians. 
Madneft. MAdnejft 3 Phrenjje ) and MeUncboly^xt confounded byCelftu , and many 
WritcrSjOthcrslcaucoutP^/f/7<f, and make Mddnejfe and MeUnsholy bur. 
b onc Difeafc, which b hfon PrAtenfis efpecially labours, and that they differ 

fttpingumlioz onely fecandum md/us or minus , in quantity alone, the one being a degree to 
imt mofbasy the othcr,and both proceeding from one caufe.They differ intenfo & rc**iff* 
Srt %ia??tur g'dufiith 1 Gordomus ,as the humor is intended or remitted. Of the fame 
quodzmttgiiiul mindcis^ i^4rctem 3 ^UxAn<ierTrdli*nus ) GuiAnerius^SAVAMAroU y Uernius, 
^Umd^tnt^' anc lG*^*himf€lfc writes promifcuoufly of them both, by reafon of their af. 
titer g£ td finity,btit moft of our Neotericks doc handle them a-part , whom I will fol« 
tUerum txiftat. low in this trcacifc. Mtdncfifc is therefore defined to. bee a vehement Do< 
l f™ v ^! e d n ' !i ' t*g'iOT railing without a fcuer, farrc more violent then McUncholy, full of 
d Pars mari* anger and clamor,horrible lookes, actions, gefturcs, troubling the Patient 
mbividetur. w i t h f arrc g rca ter vchemcncy.both of Body and Minde } without all feare & 
\iattTtbltt& forrow,withfuch impetuous force and boldnefie, that fomctimcs three or 
temporedetito foure men can not hold them. Differing onely in this from Pbrcttfiejhn it is 
*Z£ZITL without a Fcucr,and their Memory is moft part hath the famecau- 

mtnlintxrn ZT . , * . in ir»i i • „ 1 _ 

fugacem, utvi- *cs as the other, as Cnoier aduft, and blood incenfed, Braincs inflamed &c. 
ni,rola»i,Hy9f- e Frdcafiorius addes* due t ime y Andfull Age to this definition , to diflinguifhit 
'jrmalam fabet fr om children, and will haue it to be a confirmed ImPotency, to feparste tt from fash 
impotentiam be- as Accidentally come Andgoe AgA/ne^as by tAking HenbAne, T^jghtjbade, mne^c, 

u 'toMml ° f this fuf y thcrc bc diuc " f ^^h^tAfies.EntbufiAfmeSfReve/ati^s, & Vi. 
tA^.de'meiii ponsSo often mentioned by Gregory and /fr^ in their workes; ObfclTion or 
f Of Mhich Po f cfl " 1Qn of divcIs iSybil/ine Prophets,ind Pocticall Furies : fuch as come by 

eating noxious Hcrbcs/Tarantulas ftinging,&c. which fomc reduce to this. 
Vlattr,^ The moft knowne are \\\^t 3 LycAntbropiA 3 HydrophpbtAfhorus fxncli VitU 
32! ' Ue **' LyanthopiA^hich ^AvicennA calls Cucubutb, others LupinAm infAnUm, 
lycanthrtpu. or Wolfe madncfTe, when men runnc howling about graues and ficldcs in 

the night,and will not bc pcrfwaded but that they are WoIucs,or fomc fuch 
pti&Xti bcafts " S ^««nd ^PauIus call it a kinde of McUncholy, but Ifhouldra- 
\ - therrefcrrcitto A/^w/^asmoftdoc, Some make a doubt of it, whether 

Met 9 ""*' thcrc bc 2n y fuch Dif «fc \ T)on*t Ab ^ItomAri faith , that he faw two of 
k D t prtfc. them in his time: k tf7>w tcls a ftory offuchaoneatP^ i54T,that would 
hmnm&i not belecue to the cotrary,but that he was a wolfc.Hchath another inftancc 
lo'bftrvat.M. d*. Spaniard, that thought hcwasaBcare. ^tfr^/conrlrmesasmuch 
10 'trS% by many cxam P Ics ^ onc amongft the reft,of which hce was an eycwitnefTe, 
mt . wm. at Akfrw ^ a,W 3 apoorc Husband- man that ftill haunted about grauei, 


Part.i* Scd. u Vifetfes of the Mmde. Mcmb.r. Subf.4. 

and kept in Chutchy*rds,of a palc,blackc,vg!y ,and fcarcf iill lookc. Such be- 9 
hkc,or little better 5 wercKing Prttm * Daughters, that thought themfelues m Htynram 
Kinc. And Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel, is fomc Interpreters hold, was onely lib ' inn » tHlgt 
sroubledwiththiskindebfMadncflc. ThisDifcafe perhaps gauc occafion 
to that bold aflcrtion of * Pliny, that fome men were turned tnto mines in * ^ X *?P*> 
h'utime^andfromWoluestowenagainex and to that fable of faufanm, of a %Ztom%'n 
man that was tenne ycares a Wolfe, and afterwards returned to his former & e coma, s 
fhipe: to Ov/^ta!eofL7^/»^.Hcthatisdefiroustohcareofthis Dif. 
cafc,or of more examples, let him readc ^Aufin in hU iS booke de CivitaH 
Vei,cap.<. Mizalduscent.f*/?. Sckenkius ltb,i, Hildejheimjprce/ Mania* 
Fire/lvs Ub, 1 marbii cerebri* Olaus Magnus, Vincentins Be/lavicenfis, Jptc, 
MtJtb.j r.cap.i j j.&c.This Difcafejfaith c^/f^/»4,troublethmen moil in 
February } and is now«a dayes moft frequent in Bohemia, and Hungary ^accor- 
ding to P Hernius. Scbernitzius willhauc it common in Uvont*. They lye 'C4?Mumm 
hid moft part all day, and goe abroad in the night , barking, howlingj at lfc£* t i'%' 
graucsand defcrts they hsuevfually hollow eyes , [cabbed legges and thighes y very e/iJSt, ' 
dry and pale, faith 1 Altomarus: he giues a reafon there of all the fymptomcs, P* ui *h l ^s^ 
and fcts downc a briefe cure of them* ^c% 9 < r r. 

Hydrtphtbiajs a kinde of MadncfTc, well knowne in cuery Village, which nydtep'hobil. 
comes by the biting of a mad doggc,or fcratching,faith r Aurelianus,ot tou. \^ ix *fcy tm ' 
ching,orfmelling alone fometimcs, as f Sckenkius proues,andisincidcntto ntnM, 7 <" 
many other creatures alwcllasmcn: fo called, becaufc the parties affected, 
cannot endure the fight of watcr,or any liquor,{uppofing ftill they fcea mad 
dogge in it. And which is more wonderfiilI 5 thoiigh they be very dry, (as in 
this malady they are; they will rather dye then drinkc. « Cdlius <^fureliauus, 'itf.j^.ij. 
an ancient VVriter,makcs a doubt whether this Hydrophobia be a paffionof 
the Body,or the Minde. The part affected is the Braine 5 the caufe, poyfon 
that comes from the mad dogge, which is fo hotc and dry,that it confumcs 
all the moifture in the Body. u Hildejheim relates of fomc that died fo mad, u sjktl*. 
and being cut vp,had no water, fcarcc blood, or any moifture left in them. 
To fuch as arc fo afFc6tcd,thc fcarc of water beginne* at 14 dayes after they 
are bitten ,to fome againc.not till 4o.or tfo.daies after: commonly faith Her* 
#/*/, they beginne to raue, flyc water, and glaffes, to looke red and (well in 
the face, fome 20. dayes after ( if fome remedy be not taken in the meanc 
time) tolyeawakc, tobcepenfiuefad, to fecftrangeVifions, tobarkeand 
howle, to fall into a fowne, and fometimcs fictes of the Falling ficknefle. 
* Some fay, little things like whelpes will bee fcene in their vrines. If any of VM»'7. 
thefc fignes appearc,they are pad recouery. Many times thefc Symptomes " Vtna,i>t 
will not appearc,till fix or feuen moncths aft er,faith r Codrtuchuspnd fome- * UbMKjatf 
times not till 7 or 8 yeares as Guianerius, 12 as Albertus, 6 or 8 moncths 
after as Galen holdes. Baldus the great Lawyer dyed of it 5 an ^uflin Fryar, 
and a woman in Delpbe, that were * Forreftus Patients, » were miferably con* * obfinntM. 
fumed with it. The common cure in the Counrrey (for fuch at Ieaft as dwell 
neere the Sea fide) is to duckc them oucr head and eares in Sea water; fomc 
▼fccharmcsjcucrygoodwife can prefcribc Medicines. But the beft cure to 
be had in fuch cafes, is from the moft approucd Phyfitians : they that will 
reade of them,may confult with Diofcerides lib, 6, cap ,f 7 . Hernius, Hfldefkeim, 
€dfiVictius i rtrreft , Mt % Stkcnki»t i and before all others Ctdnnthm an Italian ^ 

B 3 who 

Part.uScd.i. Melancholy in Vtjpofit. Memb.i.SuM.j;. 

to who hathj&tcly written two exquifite Bookes of this Subiec*. 
cbiwfanm cforvsfantfiritipvSimtrttfisdzncesihe lascivious dance, * Pirate! fut 
^f r cals it,becaufe they that arc taken with it t can do nothing but dance till they 
rtm™*' be dead, or cured. Jtisfo cailed,for that the parties To troubled , weie wont 
mrbu ofxenti- to f*oe to Saint Vitns forhelpe, & after they had danced thcrca.whilc,thcy 
™Kvtm'«t were b certainly freed. Tis ftrange to hcare how long they will dancc,andin 
flurimm rem what manner,ouer ftooleSjformc^tables, eucn great beltyed women fome* 

tale tm * n " limcs ( & y er ncucr k" rt thcir chiIdc ) vviJ1 (3ance 1 ° lcm £' that thc y can ** irrc 

• neither hand nor foot, but fcemeto be quite dead One in red. clothes they; 
cannot abide, Mufick aboue all things they loue : &thcrefore the Magiilraecs 
intkrmany will hire Mutitians to play to them, and fomclufty flurdycom*/ 
pinions to dance wich them. This Difeafc hath beene very common in Ger-* 
• Vb.txMfJc m*»y, as appearcs by thofe relations of c Stkenhus, & f-m&o/fvk in his Booki 
Mm*- of Madnes,whobrags how many fcucral pcrfons he hath cm cd of it. F*Ux 
flutter, de rnentu alu ftAt.cAf* 3, .reports of a woman in Bafi whom he fa w,that 
danced a whole moneth together. The Arabians call it a kindeof Palfy*. Ba- 
dine in his 5.Booke de Repub.cap.r, fpeakes of this infirmity, and AUhavish in 
his laft Epiftle to Scoltzim ^nd in another to Dudithas, where you may rcade 
more of it. 

ICtf.iAtme*' d Fufch'tm inflitHtMb.3 $0>tMf. ii . Falix Matter, « LnHrent'ws adde to 
^e^l'deml. tne k another bury that proceedes from Uste, and another from Study i ano- 
ther divine or religious Fury: but thefc more properly belong to Mel&nchely 
t p A^T. 3, of all whichjl will fpeake t apar^intending to a wholcBooke of them. 


S V B S I Ct 5# 

Mehntboly'tn diftoptionjmpMperlyfo tA^ed m ^qttivotitienf. 

EUmbolyjhe fubicA of our prcfent Difcourfe, is cither in Difpofiri- 
on,or in Habitc. In Di(pofition,ts that tranfitory MeUticholyjN\i\d\ 
"goes and comes vpon euery fmal! occafion of forroWjOccdJickncs, 
troublc,f'carCjgricfe,pa(rion,or perturbation of the Minde, any manner of 
carcjdifcontentjor thought,which caufcth anguifoand vexation of the SpU 
rits,any wayes oppofite to pleafure^iirtl^ioy, delight, or cSufing froward* 
neflc in vs 3 oradiflike» Jn which ^Eqtiivocall and improper fenfe, we call any 
man Melancholy,that is dull, heauy,fad 3 towre,lumpifh,ill dnpofed,folitary, 
# oranywaymoucd^rdifpleafed. And from thefc Melancholy Difpofiiions, 
f^u^Tqm f no man liuin § is frcc » no Stoicke, none fo wife, none fo happy, none fo pa, 
ttrtumytudi- ticnt,fo gencro ;s/o godly, fo divine, that can vindicate himfclfc , fo well 
tn*>quoaaiq,re compoied, but more or kflVometime or other, heefeelcs thefmarrof ir # 
r^eL^mi- Mm thxt U ^°* ne °f a ^oma/t/s effbort continuAnte^ And fuRof trouble. Zeteo, 
ntudmem am- Cato^SscrAtes himfelfe, whom 5 ts£ltAn{o highly commends for a moderate 
ZJj^m. tcm P cr i tnat nothing could d/fiurbe bim Outgoing out^nd commwg instil So* 
t 5 . ' crates kept tbefAm? countenAnce, whAt mifery foeuer befell bim , ( if we may be- 
Voll'tm e lccuc ^^ isDif ?P , was much tormented with ^/^.inwhom 
^r^r/Wgiuesaninftanceofallhappinefle, the mofl fotturtAte rnxn then /r- 

vitltit vide,i,fmt dmum rcdhtet,fnt dmo egrederetur. b Lib. 7 .cap.i.N*tu* in fierentifflma totim Orbis civitate mbiliijlmu pg. 
rtntibM, corpow muk^ft ) & wijjmM mrrn dotes, uxorcm confpicnm, fhdkmfttbeet Mtw>ct#Hlgrc*siu fctmntts tri» 

- * I ii — ■■ i i . ■ T 

PartM.Seft I. Melancholy in t>ijf>$fit. Mcmb.l.Sub£;« 

mng home in that mofl flourishing City of Rome, of noble parentage £ proper man XI 
cf perfcnpettqualifiedfralthfullficbt honourable^ Sen.ttour, a Confuil, happy m 
hit vetfe, hafpy in his children 9 &c. yet this man was not free from Melancho* 
ly,hc had his (hare oftorrow. » Pofycrates SamiuSythit flung his Ring into the * 
Sca,becaufc he would participate of difcontent with others,and had it mira- 
culoufly reftored to him againe (hortly after, by a fifh taken ashce angled, * M,mer - 
was not free from Melancholy Difpofitior.s. No mancanfccurehimfelfcj ep^Z'c'zkm 
the very g^ds had bitter pangs,and frequent paflions, as their ownc K Poets ft nos famim 
put vpon them. In gcncrall, 1 <u the heauen it felfe is, fo is our life^fomettmes f^J/fjfj* 
f air e,f onetimes ouercaft^empejluous^Andferene^ as in a ro(e y flotfres and prickles, bin obdwiwr & 
in the yeare it felfe % A temper Ate Sommer fometimes,A hard printer a drought, and rift™**?' 
then agiine pleafant jbwres:fo is our life iotcrmixt with iojesjupesyfetresjer- fy H u££t 
rowes, calumnies : Invicem cedunt dolor & voluptts , there is a fuccculon of 

pleafure and paine. \ m medio dc font elepbr urn, tlftfdot'- 

Surgtt amari aliquid quod in tpfis floribus angat, dam, tempeftM, 

Euen in the widdeji of laughing, there is forrtw, ( as n Solomon boldest) euenin ftr(Mt*nii**'h 
the middeftoi all our Fcafting and Jollity ,as o^f/?//»infcrrcsinhisC^.^ "rV^agJd^ 
the 4uP(alme, there is forrow and difcontent. Nothing fo profperousand &f equals cur\ 
pleafant.but it hath P fomcgall in it,fome complaining, fome grudging, us inLl{ w«i<l>. 
all 2yMxju7nxf*f 7 a mixtpaffion. We are not here as thofc Angels and cele* ^Prot. 14.3. 
itiall Powers, and Bodies, SunncandMoonc, to finiiri our courfc without BxtremS gaudy 
all offencCjwich (uch conftancy,to continue for fo many agcs:but fubie& to ^Z/Suli 
infirmities,miferics,intcrrupt» tofTcd and tumbled vp and dewne, carried a- quit akb;*n- 
bouc ivithcuery fmallblan\often moleftcd &difquietcd vponcucry (lender ^"^j*** 
occafion, 1 vnccrt3inc,brittle,and fo is all that wee truft vnto. * And he that uieVLurqueJ 
knovees not this, and is not armed to endure it, is not fit to Hue in this world (as one »*« dokt, quod 
condoles our time ) heeknowes not the condition of it. wherewith a reciprocal* y 9 enir ™ft- 
tye , pleafure andpatne are (iilivnited^ and (ucceede one another tn a ring, Ext e $ond.nM\quk- 
mundofeit thee gone hence, if thou canft not brooke it, there is no way to l mm *»nmti 
avoidc it,but to armc thy fclfc with Patience, with Magnanimitie, to r op- ^s'Zt™' 
pofe thy fclfc vnto it, to differ affliction as a good Souidicr olcbrifti qui* « admix- 
( as \ Paul aduifeth ) conftantly to bearc it. But forafmuch as fo few f ^/j t aliq!dld 
can embrace this good counfcll of his, or vfe it aright,but rather as fo ma- ttiminmpi 
ny brute hearts , giue way to their paflions, voluntarily fubieft and prcci- ff^j»hu&. 
rntatc themfclucs into a Labyrinth of carcs,wocs, miferies ; and fuffer their 
foulci to be oucrcomeby thcm,cannot armc themfclues with that patience prviqntr'm*- 
as they ought to do, it fallcth out oftentimes that thefc Difpofitions become ""f^™^** 
Habits,2nd mtny ^yjffefis contemned \( as u Seneca notes ) make a Difeafe. Euen & m U \ 
ds one Diflsllntion, not yetgrovene ie cujlome , makes but a cough 5 but continuall n'mU 
And'tnvetcratefnufetb a confumpthn of the lungs; fo doe thefc our Melancho- ''^pj^f* 9 
ly provocations: and accordingas the humor it fclfc is intended, or remit- amftntaneacre- 
ted in men, or as their temperature of Body', or Rationall foule is better ^^hT&t 
able to make refinance, fo arc they more or icfle affe&ed. For that which is f e ?hu»jax* v#I 

cantur, ajfluwtt 

fub'iii, rtpente JeUbuntur^uHoln bet, *uUimperfmx,ftabilibutnlx(tr*AKibiH cmfiflunt; (id Ineertijfimo flat* fertitnx , quet m 
QtblmtntH'truntmproviftresuYftdtflitutoi', in profunda mifemtum vaSe miferabil'ttir immergiint, Valerius Vb.4. cap. 11, 
» Hate feadoparumapttu es,Mutpotm omnium noftrtrum conditiontm ignoru , quibut rtcifroco quodmnexu &c. Lorchanu* 
Gallobclgicui.lib.?. ad annum 1*98. { Horfum omnia (India dirigl debent ,vt human* former fertmu* j- % Timi. * Epifl, 
96.libAo.affe8MfrtpeHHsmtfMpti£mtTb^ vna nts *Hm mmnm idixlU, tajfm fmt t t£Jm 

#> vttm pbtijm. 

Part.i.Sccl.i. Di»rtf$ion of Anatomy. Mcmb.2.Subf.u 

la but as a flea biting to onc,caufeth vnfufiferable torment to another, & that 
which one by his lingular moderation^ welcompofcd cariagc can happily 
oucrcomc 3 a fecond is no whit able to fuftaine bun vpo cuery fmal occalio of 
abufcjniury^nefc.dirgracCjlolTe^rofrcjrumor^c.fifrolitary oridlc)yccid$ 
fo farre to pafion,that his complexion is alccrcd, his digeftion hindered, his 
fleepe gone 3 his fpirics obfcurcd,and his heart heany, his Hypocondries mif« 
, arfeclcd-winde.cruditv.on a fuddenouertakehira, & he himfelfe ouercomc 
$ik:frigdm Wun Melancholy, So that as thcPhilofophcrs make * eight degrees of hcac 
and cold: wee may make <3S.of Melancholy the parties affe&ed are diverfiy 
feized with it, or haue bcene plunged more or lefle into this Infcmall gulfe, 
or waded deeper into it. But all thefe Melancholy fits, howfoeuer pleating at . 
firft ; or difpleafingj violent, and tyrannizing oucr rhofc whom they fcizc on 
for thetimc,yct thefe men are but improperly fo called , becaufe they conti- 
J2/jK|J, nuenotj but come and goc,as by fomeobie&s they are moued. This LMe» 
turn. lancholy of Which we are to trcatc 3 is an Habir, morbus font/cus t or Chr§nicus f 

iLibi ; et}4. a Chronick orcontinuatc difeafe.a fettled htimor,as 7 K-^ureLanusjivA * o» 
fit. i. tif j. ' thers call it,not errant.but fixed^ and as it was long incrcafing, fo now being 
flifci/fe w /•/. (pleafintjor painefull^ gtownc to an habitc,it will hardly be remould. 

Sic. t, 

MfiMB. 2. 

Svjsic. 4« 

Tsigrefiton of Anatomy* 

Efore I proceed to define the Difcafe of Melancholy > what it is,«r to 
diicourlc farther of it 5 I hold it not impertinent to inakeabricfeDi- 
grciTionof the Anatomic of the body, and faculties of thcfoulc.for 
thebctrervnderftandingof that which is tofollowe; becaufe many hard 
words will often occurrc,as MyracheJlypoconciriesJIcmrods, &c. ImagmatU 
*. *n , RcAjoHjJtimours^pirttsj'itafliNaturall) Ammdl. Nerues> Veincs, Arteries* 
Ch/lr4i,P-taitv } wh\ch of the vulgar will not fo eafily be pcrceiued 3 what they fited.and to what end they feme. And befides, it may peraducnturc 
giue occafion to fome men,to examine more accurately 3 and fearch farther 
into this mod excellent fubic<5r 5 that haue time and leafurc enough , and aft 
fufficicntly informed in all other worldly bufineffes ; as to make a good bar- 
gaine,buy,and .ell,to kcepe & make choifc of a good Hauke,Hound, Horfe - 
*»t am. &c.but for fuch matters as cone erne the knowledge of themfclucs , they arc 
kwni'i U Zl!t wholy'ignorjntindoLtckttc, thcyknowc not what this Bodic and Soulc 
p&Z^m(vt are,how combincd 3 of what parts and faculties they ccnfift , or how a Man 
iuitcam)*di^ differs from a Dogge. And what can bee more ignominious and ftl.thic (as 
rim/d vZ'eZ * MeUnaho » wcI1 in vcighes) then for a man not to know the flrutlure and torn? 
dintm&, pofttwnofhuovone body specially jmce the knowledge of it, tends fo much to tbt^> 
rZk^*' lW J lli ' ? re f eruition c f hu heM » * n * information of his manners. To ftirre them vp 
jmma* - ^ thcr;c f orc t0 t hj s ftudy 3 to perufc thofc elaborate workes of h Galen ^vtcen, 
» Dtv(»p,ti- Bauhinus, Plater yefaltus^alopius^Laurentim, &C which haue written copi- 
"Siftwy of ouflyinLatinc, orthat which fomc of our indubious Countrimcn haua 
pun. done in out mother tongue a not long fince, asthattranflation Qi'Colum* 

1 I ■ II, I ■ ■ M- .... I I I ■ I ■ ■ « . L , . 

Part.x.Se&i. Matomy oftbefiody. Mcmb.i.Subf.a,* 

kutiind <* CMtcrocofmograpbidjn 1 3,bookes,I hauc made this bricfc Digrcffi- 1.3 
on. And becaofe that c WeekerfMeUnclhon$ Fernehttr, Fa/chins, and thofe * D - Crookc. 
Tra&s de Animk{yih ich hauc more compendioufly handled, and written of 7£ 4 Sy J*%\ 
this matter J arc not at all times ready to bee had 3 to giue them fomc fmall 
ufte,or notice of the reft,lct this Epitome fufficc* * Ttyfrtfifci. 


Vsvifio* of the Body, Humour spirit So 

OF the parts of the Body 3 there be many diuifions: The moft appro- 
ved is that of* Lturenttus, out of Hiffocrtter. That is , into parts *Mulis.i%< 
Contdined t oi Containing. Contained^tc either Humour s^ot Sprits,. 
A Humour is a liquid or fluent part of the Body 3 comprehended in ir, for Huroojrs > 
the prefer uation of it.and it is cither innate and borne with vs, or aduentiti« 
ous and acquifitc. ThcRadicall or innate 3 is daily fupplicd by nourifhment, 
which ibmc call Cdmbtum t 2nd make thofe fecundary humors of Ros and Gift- 
ten to maintaine it; or acquifite, to maintaine thofe foure firft primary H u« 
mors , com ming and proceeding from the firft concoction in the Liucr, by 
which mcanes cbylm is excluded. Some diuidc them into profitable, and ex* . 
cremcntitioushumoii:/ ? ;/«ir<i 5c Bloud profitable; the other two cxcrcmcn- 
titious. But k Cr<j/<j out otWppocratesw'd hauc all foure tobciuycc,ondnot * 
cxcrcmcnts.without which no liuing creature can be fuftained: which foure buMmJ/u- 
though they be comprehended all in the Mafic of the Bloody ycttheyhauc Peitimnm p. 
their fcuerall affections, by which they arc diftinguillicd from one another, f^^y^ ^ 
and from thofe aducntitious,/Wf*/>/ 3 or 1 dfeafed humors.** MtUncibsn calls mora. 

Bloody a hotjfwect jtempcratc^td humor , prepared in the Meferitckcj BioCii * 
vcines, & made of the moft temperate parts of the Chylut in the liuer s whofc 
office is to nourifh the whole body 3 to giue it ftrength and colour , being dif» 
pcrfed by the vcincs , through cucry part of it. And from it Spirits arc firft | ' 
begotten in the heart,which afterwards by the Arteries , arc communicated 
to the other parts. 

. Vttmttpi Fleagme , is a cold and moift humour, begotten of the colder RewineV 
part of the Clylus/01 white iuycecomming of the meat digcflcd in the fto« 
mackejin the Liucru*iis office is to noutrifh,and moifkn the members of the 
body jWhich as the tongue,are moucd,that they be not oucrdrye. 

CholerM hot and dric,bitter 3 begottcn of the hotter parts of the chlusjU, Chokr. 
gathered to the Gall: it helpcs the naturall heat 3 and fenfes^aad femes to the 
expelling of excrements. 

MeUndnly£o\d anddric,thickc v blaclcc,andfowre ^begotrcnofthemore M w^oir 
farculcnt part of nourifhmcnt , and purged from the Spleenc, is a bridle to 
the other two hot humours^/o^and C/W?r 5 prcieruing them in the Blood, 
and nourfhingthe bones : Thcfc foure humors hauc foroe analogic with 
the foure Elemcnts,and to the foure ages in Man. ' - 

T o thcfc humours,you may addcS*r*»* 3 which is die matter ofVrins,- sotb^Swim^ 
and thofe cxacmcntitious humours of the third Concp&km , Sw*as 3 an(J 
Tcarc*» ^ 

Part. t. Sett, i. Spirits. Mcmb.i. Subf. 

14 Spirit is a mod iubtilc vapour,which is exprcfled from the sW, and the 
Spirits. inftrumcne ofthcSoulc,topcrformc all his anions; a common tye or;*;* 
* spirtul *v - ^w,betwixt the body and the foule,as lome will hauc it $ or as * Paracelfus 9 
ma. a fourth foule of it (elfc. MeUnRhon holds the Fountaine of thefc Spirits to 

be the ffatrf, begotten there and afterward conuaied to the Brainc,they take 
another nature to them. Of thefe Spirits there be three kindes, according to 
the three principall ^us t Braine t Heart % Liner, Natural/ yitall> Animall. The 
Tfjturall arc begotten in the Liner thence difperfed through the Vcines, 
co performc thofenaturall a£Hdns.Thep/M# Spirits are made in the Heart 
of the Ndtunliywhich by the Artcries,arc tranfported to all the other parts: 
if thefe Spirits ceafc,thclife ceafeth,as in a Syncope or Swouning.The ^dnr 
maljpirits formed of the r//4#,brought vp to the Braine,and diffufed by the 
Net uei ,to the other Members, giue i enfe and motion to them all. 

S Y £ S 1 C. 39 

Slallir pares 

« Uvrniiut 




•In thefe they 
obferue the 
beating «f the 

Similar parts* 

Containing parts jbyrcafon of their morefolid fubftancc, arc cither 
Homogeneall,ot Heterogeneall.Similarpt Vifitmilar: io Arijlotle diuides 
them Jib. \xap.iJe hi ft. Animal. Laurenttus cap.2$* lib. 1. Similar, or Ho* 
mogeneaH.zit if they be diuidcd,are ftill diuided into parts of the fame 
nature,as water into water. Of thefe, fomc be Spermaticall, fome Flcfhy , or 
Carnall. m Spermatkall arc fuch as are immediately begotten of the Seed, 
which ixeBonesj3riJlles % Ligament s> Membrane SjNerueSyArteriesfeinesjSkinf) 
Fibers ,or Strings ^Fat. 

The Bones arc dry and hard,bcgottcn of the thickeft of the fced,to ftreng- 
then and fuftaine the other parts: fomc fay there be ^04, fomc 307; or 3 15 
in Mans Body. They hauc no Nerues in them , and are therefore without 

A erijllejs a fubftancc fofter then boncs,and harder then the reft a flcxibfe f 
andferucstomaintaine the pares of motion. 

Ligaments^ are they that tye the Eones together, and other parts to the 
Bonesjwith their fubf eruing tendons: Membranes office is to coucr the reft* 

Nerues or SinewcSjare Membranes without! and full of Marrow within, 
they proceed from the Braine, and carry the Animall Spirits for fenfe and 
motion. Of thefe fome be harder,fome fofter, the fofter feme the fenfes, & 
there be (eucn paire ofthem.Thefirft be the Optickc 2V^r«w,by which wee 
fecj the fecond moue the Eyesjthc third paire ferue for the Tongue to taftj 
the fourth paire fot tafte in thc Palate^ the fift feme the Eares 5 the fixt paire 
ismoftamp'c, and runnes almoftouer all the Bowels $ the leauenth paire 
moue the Tongue. The harder S incwes ferue for the motion of the inner 
parts.Procecding from the Marrow in the backe , of whom there bee thirtic 
Combinationsjfcucn of the Nccke, twelue of the Brcft,&c. 

Arteries arc long and hollowc , with a double skinne to contiaie the vi- 
tal! fpiritsjto difcernc which the better >thcy fay that Vefalim the ^n&tomtft 
was wont to cut vp men aliuc. *» They arife in the left fide of the heart, & are 
principally two,from which the reft are deriucd 3 <4<?r u and rtvefs , x^iort* is 


Part, i .Sc&. l. Vigrejfm In Amtomy. Memb.2.SubC4« 

the root of all the othcr,which feme the whole body 5 the other goes to the 1 J 
Lungs,™ leech aire to refrigerate the Heart. 

Vctncs^xt hollow and round like pipes, anfing from the Liuer, carrying Vciaet, 
blood and natural fpirits,thcy feed all the parts.Of thefc there be two chicfe, 
YenA ^r^,and Vent Cama fxom which the reft arc corriuatcd. That Venn far* 
a is a Vcine,commingfro:mheconcaucof the liuer, &receauing all thofc 
mcferiacall veincs, bywhomhee takes the chilut from theftomackeand 
guts, ann convaics it to the Liver.The other conuaicsblood from the liuet 
to n < > u r ifh all the other difperfed m embers. The branches of that Kem fm* 
are the MeferUctttSL Hdmorrboidcs. The branches of the Caua^xz inward or 
lutvtrd* Inwtrd) (emintUoiemnl^cm. Ovtmrdjn the head^rmcSjfcetj&C, 
and haue fcucrall names. 

Fit>r4 arc firings , white & folide difperfed through the whole member, Fa * ' 
and arc right jobliquc^ranfucrfc, all which haue their fcuerall vfes. F4/,isa • tmk tjipw 
iimilar pare moift without blood , compofed of the moft thickc and vn&u- p^m$iyi 
ous matter of the blood, The ° iktntie coucts the reft 3 and hath CutkuUm or c ^mmUtT 
a little skinnc vndcr it 4 Fltjb is foft and ruddy, compofed of the congealing chutes, dm* 
of blood, fcc. 

Stisic, 4» 
VipmlUr ftrttt 

DlfiimihrfAYt$ % M thofc which we call Or^tniut^ or Jn/irumenttt^ fc 
they be fnmrd s or 0/ttvtdrd. The chiefeft outward parts are fituat* 
forward or backward, fnmrd, the crownc and foretop of the head, 
fcull,facc,forehcad jtcmples.chinncjeycsjcarcs^nofc, &c. neckcjbrcftj cheft, 
▼pper and low cr part of the belly, hypocondrics, naucll, groyne, fl anks,&c. 
Bickvnrd, the hinder part of the head, backc, fhouldcrs, (ides, loynes, hip- 
bones,w/4fr*/*jbiutockes,&c.Orioynts, armcSjhandsjfcetjlcggeSjthighcs, 
knecs,&c. Or common to both, which becaufc they arc obuious and well 
knownc,I haue carclcfly repeated/^ ftdtifuA (frgrnndhrA tintum: quid re- 
liquum,e% libra de dnimkqm volet \ ACcipUt* 

InwArdOrganicAllpzns which cannot be feene, are diuers in number, and 
haue fcuerall narocs,?un#ions,and diuifions^but that of F LAurentm is moft ium %h.i.t> 
famous, into 7{ible y or Ignoble parts. Of the noble there be three princxpaH JJ'fJ^^f 
parts to which ail the reft bclong,and whom they fcruc, BrAine } He*rt 9 Liuer m f4r tim dmfe 
According to whofe fite 5 three Kegions, or a threefold diuifion is made of >»p«»«j>« *- 
the whole body. As firftofthc/fc^in which the Animal Organcs are con* *" m ° 
taincd,and Braine itfelfe.whichby hisNcrucsgiucsferrfcand motion to the 
rcft,and isfas it were) a priuy Counfcllor,and Chancelbur to the Heart*Thc 
fecond Region is the Gheft,or middle Belly ,in which the heart,as king,keeps 
hisconrt, and by his Arteries communicates life to the whole body. The 
third Region is the lower which the liuer refides ^i2LegAfaUtere 9 
with the reft of thofc naturall Organcs , feruing for concoction , nourifh- 
men^expclling of excrements. This lower Region is diitinguifhed from the 
vpper by the Mtdrtffe^ or DiipbrAgmd> and is fubdiuided againe by «l fomc h> 'f^jjjj^jj* 
to three concauitics^orregionsjvpperjmiddlcj and lower. The vpper of the t ^„ # w 

I ■ in- — S 

Part.i.Se&.l- Anatomy tftbe 'Body. Mcmb.x.SubLf.. 

I $ Hypocondrics in whofc right fide is the Ltuet , the left the Spleene. From 
which is denominated Hypocondriacall Melancholy. The fecond of the Na- 
veil and Flanckesdiuided from the firft by the Rimme,lhc laft of the water- 
courfe , waich is againc fubdiuided into three other parts. The ^rabiant 
make two parts of this Region, Epigtjlrtum, and Hypogaflrium; Vppcr ot 
lower; Epigaftrium they call Mirach , from whence comes Mirachialis Mt- 
lancholia, iometimcs mentioned of them. Of thefc feucrall Regions I will 
treat in briefe apart. And firft of the third Rcgion,in which the naturall Or- 
gans are contained. 

But you that arc Readers in the mcanc time, Suppofeyou were novo br aught 
Dtimxt, htofomefacredTempleyr M aie flic all? allace fas r Me/anflhonfahh) to behol4 
* py% vert ve- not the matter onely,butthe fmgular Ls4rt y mrkmanfhtp s and counfellof this a ut 
l K(vnZt' M g re<lt Creator, t^nd tis a pleafant and profitable (peculation^ fit beconftdered 4« 
qmddm w right.Thc parts of this Region , which prefent thcmfelucs ro your confidcra- 
^il^vtiik tlon anc * v ^ cw > arc fuchasferuc to nutrition ot generat>on.1hok of Nutrition 
V 1 fcrue to the firft or fecond concoction: As the cefophagus or Gullet, which 
ThelowcrRc- brings meat and drinkeinto the Stom<tcke.1heP r entrtcle or ftomacke, which 
is feared in the midft of that part of the belly beneath the Midnffe^ the kit- 
chin(as it were)of the firft concoction, and which turnes our meat into Chi* 
lu4\ It hath two mouthes.oneaboue.anothcr beneath. The vpper is fome. 
times taken for the ftomacke it felfc; the lower and neather doorc(as miker 
calls it) is named Pylorus. Thisftorqaekeisfuftainedby alargeKell or Kaull, 
called Omentum: which fome will haue the fame with Peritonei* * or nmm# 
of the belly. From the Stomacke tothev ery Fundament , are produced the 
Outs or Inteflina, which fcrue a little to alter and diftnbutethe Cbtlm^ and 
convey away the excrements. They are divided into fmall and great, by rea- 
fon of their fitc and fubftancc,flendcr or thickcr.Thc (lender is Duodenum oc 
whole gutte,which is next to the ftomacke, fome twelue inches long ( faith 
4 *jto«*f *Fufchim.) leiunumot empty gut,continuatc to the other, which hath ma- 
ny Mefersacke Seines annexed to it,which take part of the Chilm to the Liuer 
from it. llton the third,which confifts of many crincklcs, which femes with 
the reft to recciue,kccp 3 & diftributc the Chilus from the Stomacke. The thick 
guts are three, the Blind gut .Colon, and Right gut. The Bhnde isathickcand 
.ftiortgut.hauing one mouth, in which the llton and Colon meet: it rccciues 
the excrements, and convcyes them to the Colon. This Colon hath many 
windings, that the excrements pafle not away too faft. The Right gut is 
ftraight,and convcyes the excrements to the Fundament, whofc lower part 
is bound vp with certainc Mu fcles , aWt&Sph'tncleres, that the excrements 
may be the better containcd^ntill fuch time a man be willing to goe to the 
ftoole.In the midft of thefe guts is fituated the Myfenterium or Midriffc^ co- 
pofed of many Vcines, Arteries,and much fat, fcruing chiefly to fuftainc the 
guts. All thefe parts fcrue the firft concoction. To the fecond, which is bu« 
fied cither in refining the good nourifhmcnt, or expelling the bad, is chiefly 
belonging the Liuer, like in colour to congealed blood, ;the (hop of blood, 
fituate in the right Hypocandrie, in figure like to an halfc Moonc, QeneroUm 
wKmbrum^ Melanclhon ftiles it, a generous parts it femes to turnc the Cbilut 
fo blood, for thenourifhment of the Body. The excrements of it arc either 
tkdernkt or mtcry, which the other fubordinatc parti conr cy. The Ga»U 


Paru. Sc&.i. Anatomy of the Body. Memb.a.Subf^' 

placed in the concauc of the Ltuer } cxtra&s Cbiler to it:ihe spleene 9 Mcknckt* 17 
ly\ which is fuuate on the left fide, oueragainft the Liuer. a fpnngy matter, 
which drawes this blacke cholcr to it by a fecret vet tue , and feedes vpon it, 
conveying the reft to the bottome of the ftomacke, to ftirre vp appetite, or 
€ls to the guts as an excrement. That watery matter the two Kidnies expur- 
gate^ thofe emulgent veincs,and Vrtteres: The emulgcnc draw this fuper- 
fluous moifture from the blood; the two Vreterei convey it to the Bladder, 
which by rcafon of his fitc in the lower belly, is apt to rccciuc it 3 hauing two 
parts ,nccke and bottome: the bottome holdes the water, the ncckc is con* 
ftringed with a mufclc, which as a Porter , kecpes the water from running 
out againft our will. 

Members of generation are common to both fcxes, or peculiar to one; 
which becaufc they arc impertinent to my purpole, 1 doc voluntarily omit. 

Next in order is the w/^/*^/**, or cheft which comprehends the vitall Micldic ^S 1 - 
facultics and parts; which (aslhaucfaid,) is (cparated from the lower belly, on * 
by the Didfbrdgma or Midnjfe y which is a skinnc confifting of many nerucs, 
i»embranes,and amongft other vfes it hath, it is the inftrument of laughing, 
Theie is alfo a certainc thin membrane, full of Sinewes,which couercth the 
whole cheft within, and is called Pleura, the feat of the difeafe called Plcuri* 
fie.when it is inflamed;, fomc addc a third skinnc,which is ca\\cdMed/dflenu4 9 
which divides the cheft into two parts, right and left. Of this Region the 
ptincipall part is the ffotrr,which is the feat and fountaine of life, of hcat.of 
fpirits,of pulfc and refpiration, theSunncof our Body, the king and folc 
commander ofitrThcfeatandOrganeof all palfions and affe&ions , Pri« 
mum vivens.ultimum moriens^ it lines firft, and dies laft in all creatures: Of a 
pyramidicall formc,and not much vnlike to a Pine apple; a part worthy of 
•admiration.that can yccld fuch variety of affections, by whole motion it is 1 Uteres 
dilated or contra<5ted,to ftirre and command the humors in the body: As in f r *«? ui &L** 
forrow, melancholy jin anger, choler; in ioy, to (end the blood outwardly; quoitmtitif- 
inforrow,to call it in; mouing the Humors, as Horfcs doc a Chariot. This ftUmn v*ri± 
W^r/jthough it be one folc member, yet it may be divided into two creckes, m t ^ Hr f0r * 
Right and Lf/>.The Rtght is like the Mooncincrcafing,bigger then the other ^J&uu 
part,and rcceiues blood from Vend Cii/j.diftributing fbme of it to the Lun^s fif*** "^'fa 
to nourith thc,the reft to the left fide,to ingender fpirits. the left Creek hath rmt&mnni 
the forme of a Cone, and is the (eate of Life: which as a Torch doth Oylc, 
drawes blood vnto it>begetting of it, fpirits and fire; and as fire in a torch, fo 
arc fpirits in the. blood, and by that great Artery called Aorta, it fends vitall 
fpirits all oucr the Body, and takes aire from the that Artery which 
is called Vcnofd\ So that both creekes haue their Veficls ; the Right two 
Vcines-, the Left two Arteries , befides thofe two common anfractuous 
cares,which feme thcmboth,thc one to hold blood,thc other aire,for feuc- 
rall vfes. The Lungs is a thinne fpungy part, like an Oxe hoofc, ( faith » Fcr- T^/./.r.*.* 
#^///w)theTownc.Clarke, orCrycr ( x onctearmes it ) the inftrument of ^X***" 
▼oicc, as an (Orator to a King, annexed to the Heart, to exprefle its fuwjlrumnti 
thoughts by voice. That it is the inftrument of voice,it is manifeft, in that drmtmim i*r* 
no creature can fpeake, or vttcr any voice, that wanteth thefe Lights. It is ^^ tMm> 
befides the inftrument of refpiration,or breathing: and its office is to coolc 
the Heart fending aire vnto it 3 by the Vcnofdll Artery ,which vcinc come* 

C 5 c» 

Part. i;Se& I. Jnatomy of the S$ule. Mcmb-z.Subt;. 

18 to the lungs by that afperaarteria t whkh cofifts of many grifles^embranes, 
ncrues,taking in aire at the nofe and mouth , and by it likewtfe exhales the 
fumes of the fleam . 

tp w Re »n ^ n v PP cr Re g tsn fcruing the animall faculties, the chicfc Organ is the 
Braine.which is a loft, marrowifh.and white fubftancc, ingendrcd of thepu* 
reft part of feed and fpirirs .included by many skinnes, and featcd within the 
skull or braine pan , and it is the moft noble Organc vndcrHcaucn ,the 
dwelling houfe and feat of the Soulc , the habitation of wifdome , memory, 
iudgcmcnt,reafon,and in which man is mod like vnto God ; & therefore na» 
ture hath coucred it with a skull of hard bone,& two skinnes or membranes, 
whereof the one is called dura mat<fr,ox meninxfhc other pia mater .lihe dura, 
mater is next to the skulI,abouc the other, & includes & protects the braine. 
When this is taken away , the pia mater is to be fecne 3 a thinnc membrane, 
i he next and immediate coucr of thebtainc, and not couering only , but en- 
tering into it.Tiic Braine it felfc is diuided into two parts, the fore and hinder 
fart$ the fore*part is much bigger then the other , which is called the littler 
braine m refpecT: o{'\u1\\\sforepart hath many concauitics ,diftinguifhed by 
ccrtaine vcntricles,which arc the Receptacles of the Spirits,br ought thither 
by the Arteries from the Heart , and arc there refined to a more hcauenly 
nature,to performe the anions of the Soulc. Of thefc Ventricles there bee 
thrccj&gfo ,£<r//,and M/ddle.Thc Right and Left anlwcrc to their fite,and be- 
get animal Spirits; if thefc be any way hurt/enfe and motion ceafcth, Thefe 
ventricles morcoucr,arc held to be the feat of the common fenfe. The Mid' 
die ventricle j& a common concourlc and cauity of them both; and hath two 
paflagestthe one torcceiuc/ , //»//4 , the other extends it fclfe to the fourth 
crccke;in this they place Imagination^^ Cogttat/on>2nd(o the three ventri- 
elciofthc forepart of the Braine are vfed. The fourth Crcekc bchindc the 
head is common to the Cerebellar little braine, and marrowcofthcbackc- 
bonc,thc lcaft and moft follid of all the rcft,which rcceaucs the Animal Spi- 
rits from the other ventriclcs,and conuaics them to the marrow in the back, 
and is the place where they fay the memory is fcatcd. 

Sybsic 5. 

Of the Unit andb'u facnlt'tcu 

i ». wtmimi A Ccording to 7 ^Ariflttle ,the Soulc is defined to bee ultMx*'*, per ft* 
& ? r ' mu * corporis Organici,vitam habentU in potent ia : the 
perfection or flrftAct of an Or ganicall body, hauing power of life, 

• scMiiier.txer- wm ' cnm °^ x Philofophers appro uc. But many doubts arifc about thc£/« 
a* 3«7. TMt. fence iSubie^SeatyDiftinclion^nd fubordinatc faculties of it. For the EfTence 
mhkde Mimi & particular knowledge ofit,of all other things it is moft hard (be it of Man 
"uvtvim or dtfcerne 5 as • Ariflotle himfclfe> Tutti* Pic/a Mirandula* Toltt y , 
tif.i. and other Neotcricke Philofophers confeflTc, • wee can vnderjland aS things 

• tikt'SS^ H her ^ ut " hat fi e » w cannot apprehend. Some therefore make one Soulefa 
rsT&riu. vided into three principall faculties; others, three difttnti Soules. Which 
PjJJJjJ"'' qucftion of late hath becne much controucited by tuolminem , and Zaba* 

• Ami p*% mttlHpmm, & tmmpaft'yf* 'mteliigtrt m vtltmm* 


Part \.St &. i. Anatomy of the Soule. Memb. a .Subf. j. 

relS Ptraalfa vv»ll hauc fourc Soules, adding to the three granted faculties, 19 
a Spiritual 'Soule . And gfomeagainc,one foulc of all Creatures whatfoeuer, 'Spvtu*i«*** 
differing only in Organs. And that Bcafts hauc reafon as wcl as mcn,though ^Ifmlm 
for lone defect of Organs,not in fuch mcafure. Some make a doubt, whe« tm r. nimbi 
thcr »t be all in all,and all in eucry part , which is amply difcufled in Zabarel uiiVtre 
a.nongft the reft. The h common diuifion of the SouIc,is into three princi "m^eraii^m 
pail faculties*, Vegttall % Scnfttiue, and Ration ill y which make three diftinct *enfh. 
kindof lining Creatures: Vegetall Plants, Senjible Beafts, Rat wall Men. ^%f^ 
How thele three principall faculties arediftinguifhed and connect ed,/////^. inGr}Uo.titf. ' 
no'w*eniointcce(fumvidetur\ is beyond humane capacity, as 1 T iurellus s Phi- ^•'•«J$.*>. 
lipyFUviMjxwS others fuppofe.Thc inferior may be alone, but the fuperiour &Tktu K ^* 
cannot fubfift without the other; as Senfiblc includes Vegetall^ Rational! both, h Phtip de A* 
which are contained in it (fciihAriJlotle)ut Tngonm in tetragono^ as a Irian- 
gle in a Quadrangle. 4V^'2 
ngftdll, the firft of the three diftinct faculties, is defined to be * (ubflan* ^P'^it.PbiUf, 
fiall Aft of an Organ kail bodyjby which it is nour/fhed^augmented.and begets ana- ^mpanxc % 
ther //^i/»^/f/^//?.Inwhichdcfinition,three leuerall operations arc fpcci p*p.\. •Devit. 
Hcd^Altrix^Auftrix.ProcreatriXyXhc firft is k Nutrition , whofe object is nbu. Ve^etaiY' 2 *" 
ri(nmcnt 5 mcat,drinke, and the likejhis Organ the Liuer in fcnfiblc creatures; sltfett.J!* r 
in Pl3nts,the root or fap. His office turnc the nutriment into the fub- k eft. 
ftanceofthebody nourifhed, which heperformesby naturallheat. This ^^ovhVna 
rattritiuc operation hath foure other lubordinate functions, or powers be- turabs, Se*Ux* 
longing to u^ttraft/on^Retention^igeflfon^Expulfion. 1 Attraction is a mi- ^^leti"' 17 ' 
niftringfacultie, a Loadftoncdoth Iron,drawcs mcatinto the (to- ma lon ' 
macke,orasa!ampedrawesoyle,andthisattractiuepower is very neceffa- 'See more of 
ry in PJants.which fucke vp rnoifturc by the root,as another mouth 3 into the Attrafti °n in 
lap, as another flomackc. RctentionVzcyzs it being attracted vnto the fto- Scal ' exerc * 43 ° 
macke,vntillfuch time it be concocted, for ifitftiouldpafTe away ftraight, 
the body could not be nounfhed. Digeflion^ is performed by natural hcatjfor Retention, 
as the heat of a To rch confumes oylc,wax,tallowc: fo doth it alter & digeft 
the nutritiue matter. Indigeftion isoppofitevntoit, for want ofnaturall Dj * efl,on - 
heat. Of this Digejiion there be three &\$<xtnQZ%)Maturation+Elixation i Affa. 
tion. Maturation, is cfpecially obferucd in the fruits of trees: which arc then 
faid to be ripe, when the feeds arc fit to be fowne againc. Cruditie is oppofed Maturation, 
to it 5 whichGJiittonS;Epicurcs,and idle perfons are moll fubiect vnto ,which 
vfe no exercife to ftirrc vp naturall heat , or choake it , as too much wood 
put* our a R{C t Elixatton 3 \s thcboylingof meatin thcftomackc a by thefaid 
natural! meat is boyled in a potjto which corruption or putrefaction 
is oppofite./^f A?»,is a concoction of the inward moifture by heat, his op- EUxatioo 
pofirc is s^0/?#/4/w». Betides rhefe three feucrall operations of Digefthft^ 
there is a fourcfold order of concoction ; Mapcation^ or chewing in the 
moiuhfihylifeation of this fo chewed meat in theftomacke. The third is in 
the Liuer to turnc this chy(m into blood, called Sanguification; Thelaft is SSnfow 
K^pmilation % wh ich is in euery parr. Exfulfton is a pow er of Nutrition, by fold, 
which it c xpells all fuperfluous excrements and reliques of meat and drinke 
by the guts,bladder,porcsjas by purgingjVomiting/pitting l fweating,vrine 3 Ex P«^ 

As this Nutritmefsc*ltie fcrues to nourish thcbodyjfo doth xhtAugmi** 


Vtgrefiion of Anatomy. 


20 ti»gfacu\tie(thz fecond operation or power of the regetAHfaculty)w thcin- 
Aagmai:ati& crc3 fi n g of ic in quantity,according to all DimcnfionsJong,broad ) thicke,& 
to make it growc,till ic come to his due proportion & perfect fhapc: which 
hath his period of augmcntation,as of confumption: and that moil certain^ 
as the Poetobfcrucs: 

St At fu &cuig ? dies brcue & irrepAYAbiletempm 

Omnibus efl vita, 

A tcarme of life is fet to euery man. 
Which is but lhort.and paffe it not one can. 
The iaft ot thefc regetafl faculties is Generation^ which begets another, by 
Generation, meancs of fccd,like voto it fclfcjto the pcrpcruall prefcrtiation of the Species. 

To this faculty they afcribc three fubordiuatc operations: The firft to turnc 
nourifhment into feed, &c. 
Ncccflary concomitants or affections of this Vegetallfacultie are life, Sc his 
Life & death privation,death. To the preferuation of life the naturall heat is mod requi- 
ofche VccTtal ficc.though liccitic and humidity, and thofe firft qualities, bee not excluded, 
faculdc*. This heat is likewife in Plants,as appcaresby their incrca{ing,fructifying 6Vc. 

though not fo eafily perceauedj In all bodies ic muft haue radical m moifturc 
~mt*c9n[tfa toprefcrucit, that itbe not confumed, to which preferuation our clime, 
mcaiidi&bft- countrey , temperature, and the good or bad vfcofthofc fix non- naturall 
**** things auaile much. For as this naturall heat and moifturs decaies ,fo doth 
ourlifcitfclfe : and ifnotpreuented before by fome violent accidental hv 
terrupted through our ownc default, is in the end dryed vp by old age a and 
extingui(hcd by death for want of matter, as a Lampcfor wantofoylcto 

S T I S 1 C. & 

Of the fenftble Sauk, 

NExt in order is the Senfible Facultie , which is as farrc beyond the ©« 
thcr indignitie,as a Bcaft is preferred to aPlant 3 hauingthofcVcge- 
tall powers included in it. It is defined an of 'an orginicaU Bodj y 
by which it Hues fiat b fen fe, appetite , iudgement ^brenthyAnd motion. His object 
in generall is a fcnfiblc or pafTiblc quality ,becaufe the fenfe is affected with it. 
The general Organ is the Braine, from whom principally the fcnfiblcopc* 
rations are deriucd. This Senfible sWtf divided into two ^Misapprehending 
or Mouing&y the ^pprehenfme power we percciue the Species of ScnfibiS 
things prefentjOr abfent,and retaine them as waxe doth the print of a Scale. 
By the Mcuingshc Body is outwardly caried from one place to another: or! 
snwardly moucd,by Spirits and Pulfe. The ^pprehenjiue faculty Js [ubd'm* 
ded into two parts^/*aWor Outward. Outward^ the flue fenCcs 3 of Tom.'. 
thing Jfearing y Seeing % Smclltng>T tftingno which you may addc ScaUgtrsfaz 
fcnlcof Tititiationfiyou plcafCjOr that of Speech^ which is the fixt extcrnail ' 
fence ,accordi ng to Lullitu. Inward are three; Common fenfe, Phantafs ynemot y \ , 
Thofefiue outward Senfes haue their obicct in outward things only ,$cfucrj 
as arc p'refent,as the eye fees no colour except it be at hand,thc e'arc found. ' 
Ihrec oftheie Senfcs are of commodity, Hearingy Sight > and Smell: Two of 


Part.i.Se& U Anatomy of the Smile. Memb.2.itib( o 


neceffuy ,7W> 3 and Tajl ,without which vvc cannot liue. Refides the Sen ft. a i 
Hue power is '^icliuefx Pafiue ■ Acliuej as in fight, the eye fees the colour; 
Pafiue as it (shurc by his obie&,as the eye by the Sunnc beames: According 
to i\\Mk%\ovneyifibtltfoiteAfflruitfetifum. Or if the obie&benotplea* 
fing 3 as abadroimdtothccarc,aftinkingrmclltothcnorc,8^c. Ofthefc ftue Si - hfc 
fenfes, Sight ishcld to be moft pretious , and the bcft,and that by reafon of 
his obiect,it fees all the body at once 5 by it we learne 3 and difcerne all things, 
a fenfe moft excellent for vle.To the sight three things are required 3 the Ob* 
/># 3 the Organ fic the Medium, The Obieft in generall is Vifiblept that which 
is to be fcene 3 as colours and all (tuning bodies. The Medium is the illumina- 
tion ot the ayre, which comes from "light, commonly called Diaphanum, "imentpu 
for in darke we cannot fee: the Organ is the Eye , and chiefly the apple of it; JJJ^^jj 
which by ihofeOptickcNerues.concurringbothin one, conveies the fight proue*it 3 iuxe(l 
to the common fenfe. Betwixt the Organ & Obiecl a true diftance is requi. w«r/c>w*«<fo. 
redjthat it be not too neerc , or too farre off. Many excellent qncfttons ap* 
pettaine to thisfenfe 3 di(cufled by Philofopherstas whether this fight be cau- 
Intra mitt enio.vel extra mittendo,&c. By receiuing in the vifiblc Species, or 
fending of them out,which ° Pktof Plutarch^ <1 Macrobius^ r LatlanUuijnd •Satur.7c.x4. 
others difpute. And befides it is the fubiccl of the Perjpecliues, ofwhieh AU \ ^J^"' 
haze n the Arabian yitellto^Koger Bacen^BapttfiaPortafiuiduiFbaldM, &c 9 pif. De'n. 
hauc written whole volumes, x ocptafi.pbi* 

Hearings moft excellent outward fenfe ,by which wee learne and get know Hearing 
ledge. His obie& is found or that which is heard; the Medium the ayre, the 
Organ the earc. To the found, which isacollifionoftheayre, three things 
are required; a body to ftrikc, as chehandof aMufitian} the body ftroken, 
which muft be folid & able to refift,as a bell 3 lutc-ftring,not wool ot fpunge; 
the Medium jhc ayre 3 whicn is Inward fit Outward; the Outward being ftrok$ 
or collidedby a (ollid body,ftiU ftnkes the next ayre 3 vntill it come to that in« 
ward nattirail ayre, which as an exquifitc Organ is contained in a littleskin 
formed like a drumme head 3 and ftrucke vpou by certaine fmall inftruments 
like dtumme ftickes,conueies the found by a paire o^Nerues , appropriated 
to that vfe,to the common fen fe^s to a iudge of founds. There is great varie- 
ty and much delight in them 3 for the knowledge ofwhkh confultwkh Boe* 
f/&//# 3 andotherMufitians. 

Smelting , is an outward fenfe which apprehends by the Noflr ills drawing in Smcliing. 
rtre. And of all the reft it is the wcakeft fenfe in men. The Organ is the nofe, 
or two little hollow peeces of flefh a little aboue it: the Medium the ayre to 
men,as water to fifln : The Obiecl£meU> arifing from a mixt body rcfolucd, 
which whether it bee a quality, fume, vapor,or exhalation , I will not now 
difpute,or of their differenccsjand how they arecaufed. This fenfe is an Or- 
gan of hcalth 3 as Sight and Hcaring 3 faith f Kytgellimptz of difciplinc,& that 
by avoiding bad fmcllsj as by choofing good j which doc 3s much alter and - 
affccT: the body many times s as Diet it lelfe. 

T*/?,a neccflary fenfe t wbicb ferceiues aHfauours by the Tongue And pallat,& Taft. 
that by meanes of a thinne fyittle^r watery iuyce. His Organ is the Tongue with 
his rafting nerues,thc Medium a watery iuicc,the ObteftjTaftpx fauor,which 
isaquallty in the iuyce 3 arifingfrom the mixture of the things taftcd. Some 
make eight Species or kindes of fauors.bittcr,fwcct,{basp l falt > 5cct all which 

P fickc 


Dtgrejfton in Anatomy. 





Affeftiom of 
ehe Stnfes, 
Sleep, & Wa- 


fick menf as in an ague Jcannot difcern 3 by rcafon of their organs mifaffc&cd. 

Touch, the laft of the Scnfes and moft ignoble, yet of as great ncceflity as 
the other.and of as great pleafure. This fenfe is cxquifite in men , and by his 
N ernes difperfed all oucr thcBody,perceaucs any tactile quality. His Organ 
the Newer, his ObieB is thofe firft qualitics ) hot,dry,moift 3 cold$& thofc that 
follow thcm^ardjfofCjthicke^hinnc.&ci Many delightfomcqueftionsarc 
moucd by Philofophcrs about thefe fiuc fenfesj theirprgans, Obie&s, Me- 
diums, which for breuity I omit. 

Stisic, J* 
Of the Inward Senfeu 

INner Senfes , are three in number , fo called becaufe they are within the 
brainc-panne Common SenjeyPhautafie, Memory* Their obiedts arc not 
only things prcfent, but they perceaucthe fenfible Species ol things to 
Comejafl^bfent /uch as were before in the Scnfc. This common fenfe is 
the ludge orMode r ator ofthcrcft,by whom wedifecrne all differences of 
obie&s; for by my eye I doe not knowe that I fee, or by mine earethatl 
hcarejbutby my common Senfe,who iudgeth of Sounds 3 Colours; they arc 
but the Organs to bring the Species to be cenfured , fo that all their obieets 
arc his,& alJ their offices his: The forepart of the braine is his Organ or feat. 

Vhnntaftepx Lnagination.which fome ca\\is£ftimatwe,ot Cogitatiuei con» 
firmed,(aith ^Ferneliutjyj frequent mcdication)is an inner fenfe,which doth 
more fully examine the Species perceaued by common fenfe, of things prc- 
fentor abfent , and keepes them longer , recalling them to minde againe,or 
making new of his o wne. In time of fleep this facultic is free, & many times 
conceaues ftrange,ftupcnd,abfurd fhapes, as in ficke men we commonly ob. 
ferae. His Organ is the middle cell of the braine $ his Obiefts all the Species 
communicated to him by the Commonfenfe , by comparifon of which hec 
faincs infinite other vnto himfelfc. In Melancholy men this facultie is moft 
powerfull and ftrong,and often hurts ? producing many monftrous and pro- 
digious things,efpecially if it be ftirred vp by fome terrible obiecT, prefented 
to it from common fenfe , or memory. In Poets and Painters Imagination 
forcibly appeares by their (euerall fictions, Antickes 3 Im2gcs: As 
Ovids houfe offlcepe 3 P^ff£« pallace in Apuleitufiic. In men it is fubic<5t and 
goucrncd by Reafonpt at lead ihould be; but in Brutes it hath no fupcrior,& 
is Ratio BrutorumfW the reafon they haue. 

Memory Jayes vp all the Species which the Scnfes haue brought in , and 
records them as a good Reg/per , that they may beforth-comming when 
they arc called for by Vhantafte and Reafon* His obie& is the fame with ?han* 
fajte Mis Seat and Organ the backc part of the braine. 

The affections of thefe Scnfcs,are She ft and waking , common to all fen* 
fible creatures.S/f<p<r it a rejl or binding of all the outward Senfes ,and of the com- 
mon fenfe, for the freferuation of Body andSoule, (as u Sealiger defines it: ) For 
when the common fenfe refteth\thc outward fenfei reft alfo.-The Phantafie 
alone is free, and his Commander, Reafon; as appeares by thofe Imaginary 
Drcamcs, which are of diucrfekindes, Naturally Divine, D^moniacaH^e. 


Pare. i.Seft I. 

Which vary according to HumorStDictjActionSjObiects &c.of which Kjiu *% 
timedorm % and Cardan, and Sambucus^ with their feucrall Interpretations, 
haue written great Volumcs.This ligation of Scnfcs , proecedes from an in. 
hibitionof Spirits , the way being flopped by which they (houldcomCj 
which flopping is caufed of vapors arifing out of the ftomackc , which fill 
the Nerucs,by which the Spirits ftiould be conveyed. When thefe vapors 
arefpent, thepafiage is open, and the Spirits performe their accuftomcd 
dutics,fo that mking if the aclion and motion of the Strifes pbich the Spirits dU 
(per fed oner all parts, caufes* 


Of tbs Mouing faculty* 

THis Mouing Vacuity]* the other power of the Sen/time foule , which 
caufcthallthofe Inward andOutward animal motions in the body • It is 
divided into two Faculties, the power of appetite, and of mouing 
fiomplace to place. This of appetite is threcfold,as fome will haue it, Natural/, 
as it fignifics any fuch inclination, as ofaftonc to fall downward, and fuch 
actions as Retent^oit.Expuljjon^hich depend not of Scnfc,but arc Vegetall,** 
the Appetite of meate, and diinkc,hungcr, and thirft, Senfittue is common 
to Men and Brutes. Voluntary , the third or intellect iuc, which comm aunds 
the other two in men,and is a curbc vntO them,or at leaft (hould be: but for 
the mod part is captiuated and ouer-rulcd by them: & men arc led like bcafts 
byfcnfe,giiiingreinesto their concupiscence and feuerall lufts. For by this 
Appetite the Soule is led or inclined, to follow that good which the Scnfes 
ftiall approue, or auoide that which they hold cuill: his Obiect being good 
orcuill,thcone hcembraccth,theotherhcrcicc>eth: according to that A* 
phorifmCjOw/wi appetunt bonumjW things fcekc their ownc good, or at leaft 
iteming good. This power is infepatfabte fromSenfe, for Where Senfc is, 
there is likewife pleafure and painc. His Organ is thc/amc with the Common 
fenfe^nd is divided into two powers, or inclinations, Concupifcible or Irafci- 
hie: or (as * one tranflates it) Couettng^oi Anger-invading, Impugning. Con- i^'^^ 9 
iupt(ctblc couets alwayes plcafant and delightfome things.and abhorres that of the pind" 
which is diftaftefulljharftijOrvnplcafanr. Jrafctble,! quafi aver fans pet ir am I Vttomn 
dr odium as avoiding it with anger and indignation. All affections and per- 
turbations arife out of thelc twofountaines , which although the Stoickes 
make light of,we hold naturall,and not to be rcfifted. The good affections 
are cauted by (bme obicct of the fame nature, and if prefent, they procure 
ioy,which dilates the Heart, and preferucs the body: Ifabfenr, theycaufc 
Hopc,Loue,Dcfirc,Concupifcence.The Bad arc Simple or mixt : Simple for 
fome bad obiect prefent, as forrow which contracts the Heart, macerates 
the Soule, fubverts the good eftate of the Body,hindcring all the operations 
of ic, caufmg Melancholy, and many times death it felfc: or future as Fcare, 
Out o f thefe two arifcthofe mixt affections ,&paffions of Anger, which is 
adefireof revenge, Hatred which is inveterate anger, Zcale which is offen- 
ded with him which hurts that he loucs, and wwv/f»v*U, a compound affc* 
<&onofIoy and Hate, when wereioyce at other mens mifchisfc, and arc 

D a grisud 

Part i.Sc (k. i. Anatomy of the Soule. Mcmb. 2 .Subf.p. 

44 grieucd at their profperity, Pride, Sclfc-louc, Emulation 3 Envy, Shame &c« 
of which elfcwhcrc. 

Moving from place to place jsz faculty ncceflar ily following the other. For 
in vaine were it othcrwife to defire and to abhorrc, if wee had not likewife 
power to profecute or mouing the Body from place to place ; by 
this faculty therefore We locally moue the whole Body,or any part of it,an4 
gqe from one place to another. To the better performance of which,thrc$ 
things arc requihV.That which moues.By what it moucs,That which is mo* 
ucd.That which moues, is cither the Efficient caufc or End. The end is the 
obiccljwhich is dcfired or efchewed* as a Dog to catch a Hare &c The effi. 
cient caufc in man is Reafon.ov his fubordinate Pbantafie^ which apprehends 
this good or bad obieel: in Brutes Imagination alone, which moues the Ap. 
fetite$\\z Appetite this faculty 3 which by an admirable league of Nature, and 
by mediation of the fpirits, commands the Organe by which it moues: and 
that confifts of Nerucs, Mufcles, Cordes, dilperfed through the whole bo* 
dy,and contracted and relaxed as the Spirits will, which moue the Mufcles, 
utmjventw"' 01 * ^ crues ln tnc °^ l hem,and draw the cord,and fo per consequent the 
fftriim *b ani ioint,to the place intendcd.That which is moued,is theBody >or (omc mem • 
mi.MtknWta» bcr apt to moue. The motion of the Body isdiuerfejasgoing.runningjca. 

ping,dancing,fitting, and fuchlike, referred to the predicament of Situs, 
Wormescrcepe,Birdsflyc,Fiflics{wimmc; and foof parts, the chicfc of 
which is Refyiration or breathing, which is thus performed. The outward 
Aire is drawnc in by the vocali Artery, and fent by mediation of the Midnjfe 
to the Lungs^which dilating themfelucs as a paire of bellowcs, reciprocally 
fetch it in,and fend it out to the Heart to coolc it : and from thence now be- 
ing hot ,cortvey it againc,ftill taking in frefK Such alike motion is that of 
the Pulfepi which,bccaufe many haue written whole Bookes, I will fay no- 


Svisic. 9. 

Of the Rational! Soule \ 

N the precedent Subfc&ions, I haue anatomized thofc infcriourFacuJ- 
^ ties of the Soule 5 the Rational! rcmainethyi pleafantjut a doubtful! Subie$ 
*retcum. *"Yas « one tearmes it) and with the like brevity to be difcuffed. Many crro« 
^fiL%L ncomo ?™° L n * arc about the Eflencc andOriginallofir,whetheritbcfirc, 
as Zeno hcldj harmony,a$ Anfloxenm^ number,as Xenccratesi whether it bee 
Organicall,or lnorganicall,- feated in the Braine,Hcart or BIood 5 mortally 
immortail-how it comes into the Body. Some hold that it is ex traduce[ts 

* Gtettnuuin Pk'l» Anima i Tertuliian ) ^vicenna y and many b late Writers thato'ne 
Z^pEr. ?™ ^ getS *™ tha £°*y an <* Soulcwr as a candle from a candle,'to be pro- 


' duced jrom the.Seede. « Galen holdcs the Soule Crafin efe, to be the Tcmpe- 

ic^7xm. r»s,Eprfetus : whh the ChaldeesM Egyptians, affirmed the Soule to be im- 

* Kad tele* mortal!,asdidthofe/?r/f/i* t Druides of old. The d Pythagoreans hold Me* 

£^1^ one body to another, as 

Jkjrfthtfeui. m cn into Wolucs 3 Bcarcs a Doggcs 5 Hogges,as they were inclined in their 
hues. * • - 

Parc.i.SeA.l. Jmtomy of the Soule. Mcmb.xSvbfy \ 

Wfyferinas a 5 

Teffumus ire d$mus y pecudumj. in cor for a con as. ¥ Owd.mtt.\ ^ 

* Lucsans Gock was firft Eupborbus a Captainc: * l * GaU *' 

/He ego{nam mcmim) T Tqiani tempore belli % u mt 

Pauthoides Eupborbus cram* 
ahorfc 5 aman,afponge.*7/*iAi» the Apoftata,thought>4>x4^rj Soul was f ^ut^m 
defceded inco his Sody.Plato in TimtofiL in his Pb<tdon({ot ought I can per- 
cciue)difFers not much from this opinion,that it was fro God at firft,& kiicw 
alt, but being inclofed in the Body, it forgets, & leames anew,which he cals 
reminifccntia y ot recalling, & that it was put intothebodyat firft for a punifh* 
mct,& thence it goes into a beaftsjor mans,as appeares by his pleafant fictio 
de (ortitioneanimarumJsb.10Jercp.Sc after g ioooo.ycarcs,is to rcturnc into t j» ?h*dr: 
the former body againe, > ipofivarios annos y per millefigurai, tctaKw-fift. 

Rurfusadhumandferturprtmordiaviu* fir?"*' 
Others deny the immortality ofir, which Pomponatius of Padua decided out 
ofAriflotlef\ot\ongCu\cc.Plinius Avunculus cap.j Jib.j.&, Dice* * 
•rebus in TulLTufc.Epkurus t Aratus, Galen y Lucrcttus lib.i. 

( Prdtcreagigni par iter cum corporeity una 
Crcfcere (enttmus^partter^ fcncfccrc went em ) 
Averrees f & I know not how many Neotericks.T/w qneflun of the Immorta* ^ 
Itty of the Soule $ diver Jly & wodcrfutly impugned ejr difputed/fpecialty amongjl muitei yer m- 
the It duns of late, faith lab.Colerus tmmort % amm<e, cap. /.The Popes the- Het v ™*> « 
fclues hauc doubted oiiiXeo Vecimus that Epicurean Pope, as t fomc record J^«JJ &e? 
ofhimjcaufcdthisqucftiontobedifcuflcd^and con before him,andcon- taimuikii. 
eluded at laft,as the Moderator sv\th that verfe of Cornelius Callus , 

Et redit in mhtlum^quodfuit ante nihil, 
Itbcganncofnothing,andin nothing it ends. Zeno and his Stoichs, as * An* 
ftm quotes him,fuppoicd the Soule fo long to continue , till the Body was 
fully putrificd,and retained into materia prima: but after that , in fumos e* 
vanefcere^o be extinguifhed and vanifh; and in the mcane time, whilcft the 
body was wandred all abroad,^ e longinquo mult a annunciate, 
and fas that clazemontan Hermotimus averred ) faw pretty vifions a and fuffc« 
red I know not what. 

1 Errant exnngues fine eorpore ty cfibus umbr** Q 
Others grant the immortality thereof,but they make many fabulous fictions ; * 4, 
in the mcane time ofit,afccr the departure from the Body :like Plato's Eliftan 
fields ,and that Turkic Paradife.lhe Soulcs of good men they deified; the bad 
( faith h Auflin ) became deuils s as they fuppoled ; with many fuch abfurd te- h tmrm 
nets , which hce hath confuted. Hierome, and other Fathers of the 
Church , hold that the Soule is immortall, created of nothing , and fo mum. 
Jnfufcd into the Childc or Embrio in his Mothers wombe,llx moneths after 
thciconccptionmot as thofc of Brutes, which are ex Traduce and dying 1 
with them,vanifh intonothing.To whofe diuineTrcatifcs 5 and to the Scrip. f ix Select, +. 
turcs thcmfcluesjl rejourne all fuch Atheifticali fpirits, as Tully did Atticut, then other- 
doubting of this point, to Plato's Pktdon. This Reasonable Soule, which Aufttn wifc * 
calls a Spirituall lubftancc,mouing it fclfe, is defined by Philofophers to bee 
the firft f ubfl ant tall Acl of a, T^aturall, Humane, Organic all Body, by vbick a mam 
inttsferceiues y aud vuderfiands, freely doing all things \and with tltfiien. Out of 

D 3 which 

Parti. Se&.i. Anatomy of the Soule. Mcmb<2.Subf 10 

%€ which Definition wc may gather, that this Rat/onall Settle includes the pow. 
ers.and performcs the du ties of the two other.which arc contained in it,an4 
all three Faculties make one Sovte,wh\ch is inorganicall of itfclfc, although 
it be in all parts,arid incorporcall,vfing their Organs, and working by them. 
It is divided into two chiefe parts,difTcring in office only,not in Eflence.Thc 
Pander fl An ding yvhkh is the RationA^ powct apprehending: the FT'// , which it 
xhzfiAttoMAtt power moving, to which two, all the othzzRitionall powers 
arc (ubieft and reduced* 

Svissc. so. 

Of the rnderJlAnding, 

* kLttetsbn, yr y ^derftAnding id a power of the Sotile* by which we perceiue % knowjemem* 
\J ber^nd mdge Afweli Singulars, <u vniverfals: htuwg cert awe innate na» 
' tices or beginnings of trts,* reflecting action, by which it iukgeth of his 
owne doings, And ex Amines them* Out of this Definition (befides his chiefe of. 
fice.which is to apprehcnd.iudge all which he performes,without the helpc 
of any inftrumcnts or Organs)three differences appcare betwixt a Man and 
abcaft,As firft.the fenfe only comprehends singularities, the Vndcrftanding 
vniverfa/ities,Sccor\6\y ,thc fenfe hath no innate notions : Thirdly, Brutes 
can not reflect vpon themfelues.Becs indeed make ncaxc and curious works, 
and many other Creatures befides, but when they hauc done, they cannot 
iudgc of them.His obiect i* God^aj, all nature, and whatfocucr is to be vn« 
dcrftood: which fucccfliucly it apprehends. The obiect firft mouing the Vn* 
derftAndingjs fome fcnfiblc thing, after by di(courfing,the Minde findes out 
thecorporeall fubftancc,and from thence the fpirituall. His actions ( fomc 
fay) arc Apprehenfion % Cempejttien, Vivifion,Difcourfing y Re* fining. Memory », 
which fomc include in invention and Judgment, The common Divifions arc 
of the Vndcrftanding ,'^gent^v\dPatient,Speeulatiue,zx\d Praclicke',lt\ Hdhite 
or in AcljStmpie or Compound, The Agent is that which is called the wit of 
lAzx\,Acumen or fubtilty./birp*^ of invention,whcn he doth invent of him* 
fclfc without a Tcachcr,or lcarnes anew, which abftra&s thofe intelligible 
Species from the Phantafie , and transferres them to the pafliuc Vndcrftan. 
l^Zl"*' 1 1 b"Aufe there u nothing in the VnclerfiAnding, which wot not firft in the 
fr&ifMcrttZ Se *l e: tnat which the Imagination hath taken from the Scnfe , this t^Agtnt 
fafu. iudgcthof,whctheritbetrueotfalfc',andbeingfo iudgcd,heco»: mitsit to 
the Papble to be kept.The Agent is a Doctor or Teachcr,thc Pafiue a Schol* 
ler? and his office is to kcepe,and farther iudge of fueh things as arc commit- 
ted ro his charge: as a bare and rafed table at firft , capable of all formes and 
notions. Now thefe Notions arc two-fold, ^clions or Habits: A£tions,by 
which we take Notions of,andpcrceiuc things*, Habits, which are durable 
rd 'ig nts an <* notions,which we may vfc when we will. Some reckon vp eight 

kindes of rhem,S^ 5 EA^r/r^ 

"^ofriT Sct€ttce '^° which arc addcc3 <*rt>Prudcncy,m(domc: as alfo m Synterifis, Ditta* 
clllfcicme, men rattonis, Conscience 5 fo that in all there bee 14 Species of the rnderflAu* 
dingsti which fome arc innAte^s the three laft mcntioncdjthe other arc got 
by do&rin^lcarningjand vfe. M/* will hauc all to be innate,^*//* reckons 

Part.i a Seft.i. Anatomy of the Souk. Memb.i. Subf.u. 

vp but fine intelle&uall Habits; two [peculations that Intelligence of the prin* %J 
c />/^,and Science of conclufioniXwo fratlicke^s Prudency ,whofe end is to pra- 
ftt(e; Art to fabricate; Wifedome to comprehend the vfe and experiments of 
all notions and habits whatfoeuer.Which diuifion oi^ArijlotteQXh be con* 
fidcred aright) is all one with the precedent; for three being innate, and fitic 
acqui{ice,thcreft are improperjimpcrfeftjandinamoreftricT: examination 
excluded. Ofallthelclfhould more amply dilate, but my fubieel will not 
permit. Three of them I will only point at 3 as more neceflary to my follow, 

svnter'fis^otthe purer part of the Confcience ,is an innate Habit,& doth fig. 
pi^e a conferuxtion of the knowledge of the Law of God And Nature, to know good 
trentll. And fas our Dmincs hold) it is rather in the Vndtrslanding , thenin 
the w///. This makes the wjwr proposition , in a pra&ickeSj/Z^/yW. The 
Viclamen rathm jis that which doth admonifh vs to doe Good,or Euill,and 
is the minor in the Syllog 'tfme. The Conscience is that which approues Good 
orHiiiljjuftifyingor condemning our Actions, and inhc Conc/ujion of the 
Syllorifrne: as in that familiar example of Regular the Romane^ taken prifoncr 
by the Carthaginians^: fuffcred to goe to Romepn that condition he fhould 
rcturnc againe,or pay fo much for his raufome.Thc Synterefts propofeth the 
queftion,his word,oath,promi(e is to be religioufly kept : although to his E- 
n«mv,and that by the Law oi Nature. » Doe not that to another, which thou n .^ 9li !' b 'f t : 
wou'dfl not hunt done to tbyjelfe.Drcramen applycs it to him, 2nd dictates thts nefeccrif. 
of the like: Regains <ihou wouldft nat another man fhould falfifTe his oath, or 
breake promite with thee: Conference concludes thercforc,R^/«<,thou doft 
well to performe thy promifc, and oughtcft keepe thine oath. More of this 
in Rahgiws Me km holy • 


Of she will* 

18, is the other power of the tatiouallSoule? whkheouetsor tuotdes » m 
fuch things of haue beene before iudgedjnd apprehended by the fader* ft* wmp*m 
/landing. If good,it approues it; ifeuill 3 itabhorresit:fothat his n ^j^9S t 
obiec*t is either good or euill Ariflotlc cals this our ntionall Appetite\ for as in pfc/jj* 
the Sen(itiue y we arc carried to good or bad bv our Appetite, ruled and dire- '#*iitftaah 
cled by Senfc; fo in this we arc carried by Rtt/cw.Befides, the Senpiue^ppe* 
tite hath a particular obic#,gaod or bad: this an vniuerfalljimmaterialljthat 
refpcc"ts only things dele (Stable and plcafant,this Honcft, Againe,thcy differ 
in liberty. The Senfuall appetite feeing an obiedj if it be a convenient good,, 
cannot but defire it; if euill, auoidc it : but this is free in his EflenCe, P much » Mefafibm 
mow depratted, ob(cured,and falne from hii frft perfcc~iion\yct in fome of his opera* ^l"*"™'^ 
lions (Itll free as to goe^alkCjmoue at his pleafurc, and to choofe whether it /S (it \u*m 
will docjor not doc; ftcalc,or not fteale.Otherwifc in vaine were Lawcs,Dc- 
and Punilhmcnts:and God (hould be the Author of finne. But in q fpirituall q intmtoiuh. 
things wee will no good , prone to euill , (except wee be regcnerate,and b ™fi d "™* 
led by the Spirit)wec arc egged on by our naturall corjcupifccncc,and there cy22?J. * 



-~ ' • — — ' ■ ; 

Part.i.S£&.i. Anatomy of tbeSoule. Mcmb.2.Subf.u„ 

28 is ttnZU, a confuiion in our powers, r oar whole mil is auerfe from God and hit 
« Tota voiuntat lavcpot in naturall things onely,as to eate & drinkejuflvto which wc are led 
omtlml' headlong by our temperature,and inordinate Appetite, 
mendax. f 3%ec nos obniti contra^ ncc tender c t ant urn 


wee cannot reftft, our concupifcence is originally bad, our Heart cuill, the 
leatcofour Affe&ionSjCaptivates and enforceth our Will : So that invo« 
* Pel propter ig- luntary things wec are averfe from God and go odnefie, bad by Nature, by 
tm^pSuni c ignorance worfc> by Art,.Difciplinc, CuftomCjWee get many bad Habits, 
fit infinffa fuifer jng the to dominecre and tyrannize ouer vs, and the Diuell is flill rca- 
auZ t bl *r< ^ at h^dj-withhiscuillfiiggeftions, to tempt our depraued willtofomc 
•ipt^mJu." ill-difpofeda£tion,to precipitate vs to deftru&ion: except our will bee not 
fwayed and counterpoifed againe,with fome diuine PreceptSjand good mo- 
tions of the Spirit , which many times reftrainc, hinder, and checkc vs, 
when we are in the full careireof our diflolutc courfes. So corrected 
himfelfe,whcn hec had Sanlw. a vantage. Rcuenge and Malice were as two 
violent oppugners on the one fide; butHonefty, Religion, FcareofGod, 
with held him on the other. 

The Actions of the will are Felle^nd 2{olle>m\\ Si nill-which two words 
comprehend all,and they are,Good or Bad,accordingly as they are directed: 
and fome of them freely performed by himfelfe , although the Sto/cks abfo« 
kitelydeny ir, and will haue all things ineuit ably done by Deftiny, impofing 
afatall neceflity vponvs,which we may not refift; yet we fay that our will is 
free in refpe&ofvs,and things contingent, hovvfocuerin refpeel* of Gods 
determinate counfcll, they are inevitable and neceffary .Some other actions 
of the will are performed by the inferiour powers , which obey him 3$ the 
Senfitiue and (Mouing appetite, as to open our eyes, to goe hither and thi- 
ther,not to touch a Bookc,to fpeake faire or foulc:but this Appetite is many 
times rebellious in vs.It was fas I faidj once well agreeing with reafon,and 
there was an excellent concent and harmony betwixt them , but that is 
now diflolucd^they often )me>Reafon is ouer borne by Papon: 

Ferturequisauriga, nec audit eurrus hahenas, 
as To many wilde horfes runnc away with a chariot,and will not bee curbed. 
Wc know many times what is good,but will not doe k,as flic faid, 
» Medc* Ovid, u Trahtt invitam nova vu 3 aliud% cupido^ 

Mens aliudfuadet* * 

luft cpunlels one thing, reafon an otherwhere is a new rclu&ancy in men* 
t Ovid. t Odi t nec pojfum, cupiens non e/fe^uododi. 

•smuff. W c cannot rcfift,but as Phtdra confetfed tohcrNurfe, * qu&lcqueris, vera 
[untied furor fuggeritfequipehrai Shcc faid well and true, fhee did acknow- 
ledge itjbut head ftrong paflionand fury, made her to doc that which was 
oppofitc. So Dauid knew the filthincfic of his faa,what a loathfome/oule, 
crying fmnc Adultery was, yet notwithstanding he would commit raurther, 
and take away another mans Wife, enforced againft Reafon, Religion, to 
follow his Appetite* 

Thofe Naturall and Vcgetalt powers,are not commanded by will At all; for 
who can adde one cubtte to his flat ureflhck other may,but notrand thence 
come all thofe headftrong Paflions^and violent perturbations of the Mind; 


Paru.Scdtl. Anatomy of the Souk. Mcmb.^.Subri; 

And many times vitious Habits,cuftom es,ferall Difeafes, becaufc wee giuc 
fo much way to our Appetite ',and follow our inclination, like lo many beafts* 
The principall Habits are two in number, Vcrttte and Vicz_j, whofe peculiar 
DefinitionSjDefcriptions jDirTcrences,and kindes,are handled at large in ths 
Ethicks &nd are indeed the fubicd of Morall Fhtlojophit^* 

Me mb. 3. 

S V B S H C4 I# 

Definition of Melancholy. Name> Difference. 

Auing thus briefly Anatomized the Body & Soulc of Man, as a pre- 
paratmeto the reft} I may now freely proceed to treat of my inten- 
ded fubieft jto moft mens capacity, and after many ambages , perfpi- 
cuoufly define what this McUticholy is, fhew his Name, and Difference* The 
Name is impofedfrom the matter , and theDifeafe denominated from the 
material! caufe: as Bruel oblerues,toi*«i>xo*f«, qu*fi from blacke 

Choler. And whether it be a caulc or an effect, a Difeafc 5 or Symptomc 3 let 
Vonatus Altomarus^ and Saluianui deckle, I will not contend about it. It hach 
feuerall de(criptions,Notations,and Definitions, y Fracaflorim in his fecond r M! ^cbohcei 
bookc of lntellee~t,callsthofc McUncholy&hom abundance of "that fame depra- to&Maffiald 
ved humour ofblacke Choler hathfo mtfaffccledjbAt they become madthence, axd pdwImMtlan- 
dote in mofl things, or in all, belonging to eleclion, xcill^ or other manifeH operate 'jfjfjf? '"^^ 
ons of the tender \l an ding. z Mel&nelitu out of Galen, Ruff^y *A.tnu defcribes it wfanidnt, tel'tit 
tobeabadandpeeiajh Difeafe,whuh makes men degenerate into beaJIs. Galen, a ^f*^**'** 
primtion or infeclion of the mtddle cell of the Head&c .defining it from the part n^pU^jhTai 
affe£rcd 3 which a Hercules de Saxonia approucs, ^.calling it a depra • rctiam rat me, 
nation of the principal! ftmclion-.^wd Fuchfins hb.i, cap*2j. ^yirnoldm Brcuiar. ^f^J^'J^ 
lib.ucap.iS.Gu'tanerias and others: By reafon of blacke Choler \Paultu addes. Ha- mtm,vit'mtttif 
lyabba>s fimply calls it a commotion of the minde. Areteys^ b a perpetual! anguish ^ VA °P^ at >o^ 
of 'the foulefajlnedon one tbingyotthoitt an Ague: which Definition of his,Aftr- *p ( nSflhum 
curialis deaffecl.capJib.j.cap. 1 <?.taxeth: but *AL\iAnus Montaltus defends, lib. ino^m^uiU' 
demorb* Melan : forfufficientand good. The common fort de- Jj!**jf * r * ftr . 
fine it to be a kinde of dot age, -without anyfeaucr , hatting for his ordinary com fa- 3 T^blied* 
mons \feare and (adneffe ^without any appar ant occafion.So doth Laurent inswap. b &&r*Mf 
j.Pi/oJib.r.cap.jj.Dcnatus ^Itomarus cap,/.art* medic . lacchinut in com,in Zedefix^Jbfa 
lib,p,Rhafis ad^lmanjorcAp.i j. Valefwexerc. 17. Fufch/us inftitut. jfec.i. febre. 
cap.u.&e. Which common definition,howfoeucr approucd by moRf&r* c Cap ^ 6 _ ltb y 
culesde Saxonia 4 wiWnot allow of,nor DauidCrufit4f t Tbeat.morb. Herm.lib t 2* d Sonmdcfim' 
cap.dhc holds it vnCufticient: as d rather fhwing what it is not^ then what it is: ^^/^^ 
as omitting the fpeeificalldifferencejthc phanrafie and Braine: but I defcend "cLm^d fi 
to particulars. The ftmmum genus is Dotage , or ^Angufy of the minde, faith «sP** 
i^ireteusjf a principall part, Hercules de Saxonia addes, to diftinguifh it from l^hrJnmm- 
Cramp and Palfic,and fuch difeafes as belong to the outward Senfc & mo- tmmfatmm^ 
, t\ons(depraued) 1 to diftinguifh it from Folly and Madneflc ( which MontaU ^X^L 
tus makes angorHnim* to fepcrate) in which, thofe functions are not depra- ntfetmhtmt- 
ved, but rather abc i'faed (without an Ague ) is added by all,to(eucr it from 
Hrenfe^udtlmMela^cboly^hkhisa^zMcnt Fcaucr. (Feare and Smoxo) •/ ra ^ a ^f m 

£ make 

Parti.Se&.i. Definition of Melancholy. Memb ^.Subf.^ 

' jo make it differ Worn ^Mxdneffe (without a caufe) is laftly inferred to fpecific it 
from all other ordinary pailions of Feare and Sorrow. We properly call that 
•CMp.tJe Met. D t&gefl% e Lwcntius interprets \ipben fome oneprintiptllfacultie of the mind 
as Imagination^ reafon u corrupted^ all Melancholy pcrfons haue. It is with- 
out a Fcauer,bccaufe the humour is moft part cold and dry } contrary to pu. 
trefa&ion. Feare and Sorrow are the true Characters , and infeparablc com- 
panions of moft Melancholy not ail,as HerJe Saxonia Traft.poflhumo de Me* 
UncholUfiAp *.wel excepts,for to fome it is moft pleafant,as to fuch as laugh 
moft partjfome are bold againe, and free from all maner of feare and grietc, 
as hereafter (hall be declared. 


S V B S fi C. 2. 

Of the part afecled. Ajfeflion, Parties affetfed. 

Cme difference I finde amongft Writers, about the principal part af. 
feezed in this difeafe,whether kbc the Braine s or Hearty or lome other 
Member. Moft arc of opinion, that it is the Braine: for being a kindc of 
t veYwifcenfu V° tA g e & cannot otherwife be.but that the Braine muft be arfe<5ted,as a Simi. 
fine per sjfentti, lar patt,beitby t^»^orE^»^,notinhisVentricles,oranyobftructions 
* ^pA.deMei. - m t h ctT1} f or t j lcn i t would be an ApoplexiCjOr Epilepfie,as f Laurentius well 
IkSjtojs/' obferues; but in a colde dry diftemperature of it in his fubftancc , which is 
h Me- corruptjand become too cold,or too dry,or elfe too hot,as in mad men,and 
^api'deMcl ^ ucn as are inchned t0 te anc * ims s Hippocrates confirmes, Galen, Arabians ,& 
fan aft'efta ce- moft of our new writers. Marcus de Oddis ,in a confultation of his.quotedby 
nb nruntm \me * ^'^ 1 ^ 3eim > an£ * ^ llc otnc f s ihcxe cited , are of the contrary part, becaufc 
ter cJckmK Feare and Sorrow jWhicharepaffions,arcfeatcd in the Heart, But this ob- 
confine , & ie&ion is fufficiently anfweredby * Montaltm , who doth not deny that the 
TJl&Ztl'e Heart is affeacd^as k Melanelitu proucs out of Galen)by reafon of his vicini- 
fiibiinur. ty? and fo is the Midrijfe^nd many other parts. They doe compati, and haue 
k ubde Melon- a f e [low feeling by the Law of Naturc.but for as much as this malady is cau« 

tbohal. cor veto ^ i ■ : 11 1 - . . . 1 « 

vicini t at ti rati- 

led by precedent Imagination^ and the whom spirits obey,& are 
vnevna afjki- fabied to thofe principall parts :the Braine muft needs primarily bee mrfaffc- 
T^rfimZ acd 3 as thc rcat of te*fo»fr then the He Art & the feat of Ajfetfi'onjcapiuacci. 
fiomihui cm #3, and Met cur 'talis hauecopioufly difcuffed this qucftion, &both conclude 
dmffiiftim, x h e f u biect is the Jnner Braine , and from thence it is communicated to the 
• Hearted other inferiour parts,whichfympathize and are much troubled. 
Subietium eft cfpecially when it comes by confent 'nd is caufed by reafon of the Stomach, 
ril!™"""' 01 m F ac ^ aS lnc tearmc it, or whole Body, Liuer, or «" Splcne, 

mRarb quifqua which are fcldome {ize^Vylorm^Mefertacke^Veines^eirc. For our Body is like a 
ZkZflf Clock « if onc wheclc bc amiffc ; a11 ihc "ft are difordered, the whole Fabrick 
morbo afuitur. faffers: with fuch admirable Art and Harmony is a man compofed,fuch ex- 
2$. cellent proportion's Lodovicus Vlues in his Fable of man hath eleeantlv de- 

QuuaQettiti. c J a - cc J > © ' 

"SceVonatum «arcu. r 

ab Mtomar. As many doubts almoft arife about the n AffeBion : whether it bc Imtgh 
^dKnonZ- mtm ° r Reg f°" alonc ' or both - Hercules de Saxonia proucs ou t o f Galen ^£ - 
gtandCnecm- ttus,znc\^ttomarus, that the fole fault is in Imagination, Bruelisofths 
mratdiiepbk. fajiK mindc: in his fecond Chapter of Melancholy, confutes this 




Part. i . Secfi . i . Of thwart ajfeEled. Memb. 3 .Si bf 2, 

■ — ■ ■ — 1 — — 1 1 

Tenet of theirs, and illuftrates the contrary , by many examples: as of him, 3 1 
that that thought himfelfe a fbel-fifh:ofa Nunnc,of a dcfperateMcnke 3 that 
would not be perfwaded.butthat he was damned. Reafon was in faulcasvvell 
as Imagination .which did not correct this error^they make away themfelues 
oftentirnes,andluppofemany abiurd and ridiculous things. Why doth not 
Re*fon detect the Fallacy ,fertlc and pcrfwadc,if fhe be free?P Avicenna there- p uit.^Tm.t. 
fore holdcs both corrupt, to whom moll Arabians fubferibe. The fame is ^ r ^-4 csp.%. 
maintained by q Areteusfiordoniusfiutanerius^rc. To end the controuerfie, 
no man doubts of Imagination, but that it is hurt and mif-affected here; for r^jJi^JJJ 
the other I determine with r Albertims Bottonusj. Doctor of Padua s that it >s> pm.i.irac. 
is fir ft in Imagination, and. afterwards in Reafon jf the Difeafe be inveterate \pr as \ ^'/a ■ 
it is more or leffe of continuance: but by accident, as * Saxonia addes; fpiceLzTe 
(^kh^pinion^/fcourfe/atiocination^re all Accidentally depraued by default of the fawWM»o7. 
Imagination. . ' 

I o the part arreCted,I may here adde the parties,which fhall be more op. Kathnaiu fi 
portunely fpoken of ellewherejhcre only fignified. Such as haue the Moone^ a 8 e& ™ invete - 
Saturne, Mercury mifafte&ed in their genitures, fuch as Hue in ouer-cold ? or •Ub.p\$kuak 
oner-hot Chmes.Such as are borne otbAclaneboly p3rents:as offend in thole 
fix non naturall things, arc black, or of an high fanguine complexion, c that f^lf™'^ 
haue little heads, that haue ahot Heart % moift Braine^hot Liuer,andcoIde dfturfajpinh, 
ftomacke,hauebeenelongficke; fuchasarcfolitary by nature, greatStu- & C -P&v*tw* 
dentSjgiucn to much eontemplationjdle, lead a life out of action , are moft 
fubieel: ro Melancholy. OfSexes both, but men more often; yet "women Pa»icsatfe- 
when they arc,are far more vrolenr,& grieuoufly tcoubled.Of feafons of the pm, Km 
ycarc, the ^utumne is moft melancholy. Of peculiar times, old age, from caput baba!t,'m- 
which naturall Melancholy is almoft an infeparable accident 5 but this arti- W ati 
ficiall Malady is moft frequent in fuch as are of a x middle age. Some aflignc plhyfiognomia 
40 yearcs, Gariopontus 30, lobertus excepts neither young nor old from this u Ahum.^. 
adventitious. and /fr^/«afcribe into the number net only *difcon* ft&JLig 
tented J A ponate.and mi ferable per (onsf warty, blacke^but fuch as are mofl merry tumfrnt, Artt. 
and plea (ant J coffers ,and high coloured. Generally ,faith Rhafrs i a the frnefl wits^ejr Me ^ u em jf** 
moft generous Jjrb its % are before others obnoxious to it ',fothat I cannot except Tvt^uartma 
any ofanycomplexion,ofanyconditionjfexe.orage ) but b foolcs&5^<r^, *Proma ad 
which according to c S^/£«y,are neuer troubled with any manner ofpafli- ZnZm°m^' 
on,but as K^nacreons cicada fine fanguine tjr dolor e^fimiles fere dt/sfunt, Eraf fed&tiiam, 
mus vindicates foolcs from this Melancholy Catalogue , becaufe they haue bafccedimA- 
moft part moift braines,and light hearts, 4 they are free from ambition ^envie, ^li^enm^' 
fbdtne andfearejbey are neither troubled in conference 3 nor macerated with cares 3 prtrubri fine, 
to which our whole life it mncbfubiecl. \§&&*S ub ' 

J J tills mgenu , & 

Wulttt perfpica- 

titatis defacifiinciduntbtMetancbolia/n. 1. 1. com. Tratt. 9. b Nunquam faxitate mentu exe'tditjut dotore capitur. Erafm. 
« inUudxah/itn 5 VuM confc'icntia carmficm, mc £ udefiunt, ncs vermlHr 3 m fflmmtw millibm cumumfltiibm tola vim 

E 2 S vb» 4« 

Part.i. Sc&.i. Matter of Melancholy. Memb.3.Subf4, 


Svbsec. 4. 
Of the mutter of Melancholy* 

OF the Matter of Melancholy ^ there is much queftion betwixt Auken 
and Galea, as you may read in e cW<wContradi&ions, ^ralefms 
controller fies,/^*/^////, Proper Calenus, Cap macci us ^> Bright* 1 FicU 
vBngbtcap.16 tf^thathaue written either whole Tracts,orcopioufly of it,in their feuerall 
itQailtutndi Treat ifes of this Subied. » what this humour is, or whence it proceeds , how it is 
"j^Tw mt ingen dr -ed 'in the body, neither 'Galen, nor any oldwrttcr bath fufficiently difcuf* 
^IT^tffm f e ^' M Izcchinu&thinkes: the Neotericks cannot agree. Mont anus in his con- 
d$eMtu'& (ultationSjholds Melancholy to be mater tall ox immateriall : and fo doth Arcu- 
qurmdo gig>.2- Unm\ the materially one of the foure humors before mentioned 3 and natu- 
fir!lwZm%c rail. The immateriall or aduentitiousjacquifirejedundant, vnnaturall, artifi. 
mm 'mre mniti ciall: which * Hercules d: Saxonia will haue refide in the fpirits alone, and to 
vetemmUbora- p roccec } f rom an hot. cold Ary,moi(l d/ {temperature, which without matter, alter 

uermtficc facile r , , . , r ^ . * *. 3 J ,/ C . . rt 1 1 -i 1 • t- •> 

attire cx Gx- the bratne ana functions of tt.Paracel\us\vno\y reiects and derides this duim- 
kno (ententim G n of foure humours and complexions, but our Galenifls generally approue 
fjtam/ut- of it/ubferibing to this oiiAontanus. 

mrt.jaccbbuti This materiail melancholy is chherjimple.ot wixt; offending in Quantity or 
eomjaf Rafa. Quality ^Mying according to his place, where it fctleth,as hrainc ? Spleene, 
Cfyts.tifr Mefcriacke vcincs,Heart,Wombe s and Stomacke : or varying according to 
Raft. mixture of thofe naturallhumoursamongft themfeluesjor foure vnnarural 
foMeian.ctit. adu ^ humour*,as they are diuerfly tempered and mingled. If naturall melan' 
Venetiu 1^20. choly abound in the Body , which is cold and dry, fothat tt be more^thnthe 
tmmwti crt we ^ a ^ e t0 bear e ^t mufl needs be diflemperedjmh Fauentinus , and difea< 

rf^towirfi^.y^ and fo of the other, ifitbeedepraucd, whether it arifcirom that other 
k secundum Melancholy or Choler aduft^r from tf/^produceth the like effects, and is^s 
riffitnwp'ore Mont alt us eontends 5 if it come by aduftion of humours , moft part hot and 
fmit,adintem- dry. Some difference I fmde,whether this melancholy matter may be ingen- 
VolZSbWim ^ rec * °^ a ^ * oure num ours,about the colour and temper of it. Galen holds it 
fern potcm: in • may be ingendred of three alone, excluding Fleagme or Pitnita , whofe true 
tie corpus mor- afiertion, 1 Valefim and Menardus ftiffly maintains, and fo doth m Fucbfms, 
^tlucZo- Montalttu>> * Montanus.Hoxv(hy theyjfhould white become blacke? But 
vcrfcap zi. Hercules de Saxonia melan. cap, S> and Cardan, arc of the oppofite 
™ ^.ifee.*. p art: i t ma y be ingendred of Flcagme,f//? raro contingat f h fcldome comes to 
C *Co%!. x6. pafle: fo is P Guianerius and Laurentius tap. /^.and Melanflbon in his bookc de 
onb.z. contra- Anima, and Chapter of humours; hee calls it ^/ininam^ullfiviriith melan* 
fve%]m% c h°l? faith that he was an eye-witneffe of it:fo is q wecker. From rnelan* 
4.dif.i. cap. 1. choly adrift arifcth onekinde,from choler anotherwhich is mod brutifh; an- 
TmtTbaTfr ° thcr from Fle3 g m e,whieh is dulhand thelaft from Elood 3 which isbefi. Of 
rZetncZikoi ihcfefomcarecoldanddry,othershQtand dry, r varying accordingto their 
1 m syntax.' mixtures, as they are intended and remitted. If the humor be cold> it 

Z^ctu^i [F * uent ' ms > acau { e f« ot ^ : if bote, they are 

etevariie amen- rajh$ rauing mad,or inclining to it. If the braine be hot , the animall fpirits are 
1%a& hot » much madncffe foUowcs with violent actions: if cold, fatuity & fottifti* 

[Eumvt fr'y^dm delirij caufa' fuwis ctdidm, 


Part.i,Sed,l. Matter of Melancholy. Memb.j.Subf^ 

ncile 3 1 Capivaccius. " The colour of this mixture varies likemfe according to the 3 3 
mixture J?e it hot or cold % 'tis fometimes blackefometimes not, Altomarus. The t Lib - 1 ca P- r °* 
(ame * Wlanelius proues out of Galen: and Hippocrates in his booke of meLn* 'm^fchtu; 
cholytf. at leaft it be his,giuing infhncc in a burning coale,rt^/c//n?^7* it U hot^ ^Hmor^qnan- 
fhines,and vohen it is coldjookes blacke s and. Jo doth the humour^ This diuerfity of ^^.^ 
Melancholy matter .produceth diuerfity of effect?. If it bee within the y bo- fupafii^am, 
dy,and not putrified,it caufeth blacke laundiie.-if putrified, a Quartan Ague: w f-7. " 
ifitbrcakeoutto theskinne, Leprofie-Jfto parts, feuerallMa'adies, as Scur- lefaTq-mjT 
vy,&c. If it trouble the minde, askisdiucrflymixt, it produceth feuerall fr*termodm 
kindes of MadncfTe and Docaee.of which in their place. ca'efa8us,&a. 

s g "1 s refrigeratus 

evadit: nam v- 

SVBSEC. 5« rentibus carbo- 

nib usei quid fi. 

Of the Jfecics or kindes of Melancholy, durante 'jfmmd 

Hen the matter is divers and confufedj howrtiould it othcrwife th&Tp^T' 
be,but that the Species fhould be divers and confufed? Many new B&e(c*nt Hip- 
and old Writers haue written confufedlv of it, confounding Me* P^5 races \ 
lancholy and Madnejfe ) a* * Heurmm* Guianerius ^Gordonius , Salufius Salvia- dijfi.cajf?.' 
nusjafon Pratenfis^Stvanarola^i will haue Madneffe no other then Melan. ]K m 4 m*. 
choly in Extent, differing fas 1 haue faid) in degrees. Some make no diftincT: MdafZ*!a"^ 
Species ,as Ruffus Ephefius an old Writer, Areteus, a Aureiianus^ Vattlus «A<qi> a c a p.6H.'i. 
neta\ others acknowledge a multitude of kindes 3 and leauc them indefinite^ Mwfa bu' 9 
b tAJius in his Tetrabiblos, c Avicennalib,;.Fen.i.TrAcl.4 capj8. Arculanui omnlariJ! ^ 
cap.16.1n p.lia/is. Montanus med part. 1 A If natural/ Melancholy be adufl y tt mx» c s P ecies wdefi- 
keth one kindc, if blood 5 anotbcr, if cholera thirdjifferingfiom the frfl-and (0 ma- "%^ad' l{ mw 
ny fetter all opinions there are about the kindes ,as there be men them[elueu \Her~ riaturalu Me- 
cities de Saxonidfetsdowuc iw6^mdcs } materiall and immaterially one from fpi* ! ^° l ^"fit 
rits alone t the other from humors and (pints. SavanarolaRub.i 1 \Xracl. 6<cap.i % aliljfaZm 
de dig- ititd.cap.w ill haue the kindes to be infinitc 3 one from the myrach 3 called ala diVer ^ * 
myrachnlis of the Arabians ; another ftomachaltsfiom thejtomack , anorher ^^erl^'If 
from the liner, hearty •vombe^bemrods : e one beginntng^another consummates . fi<em^&Jt~ 
JMelanCtbm Iccondshim f as the humor is diver fly adufl and mixtffo are the Jpe- DQ ^ orum f e "; 
cies druerjebwt what thefe men fpeake of fpecies,l thinkc ought to be vndcr- ^mw^tmf 
ftoodof Symptomes, andfo doth * Arcuhnus interpret himfelfe: Infinite t 
fpeciesandlymptomesrandinthatfenfe, zslo.Gorrbeus acknowledged! in ^'l'^^- 
hismedicinall definitions,the fpeeies are infinite, but they may bee reduced cipw S ,qi<Jm 
to three kinds 3 by reafon of their fear 3 Head,Body,znd Hypocondries.This three- c t "P< m ® aia - 
folddivifion is approued by Hippocrates in his booke of Melancholy/if it bee m^Mimi 
his,which fomcfufpecl-Jby Galen lib.jJe locajfeftis cap. g. by Alexander lib. 7. varii aduritur 
cap. 1 6 Rafts lib. i.Continent.Tracl.p.lib,j.cap.i6. Avicenna,znd moftofour '%£h%a^ 
new Writers. Th.Eraflus makes two kindes; one pcrpettiall, which is Head undevmea- 
melancholy.^ other interrupt 3 which comes and goes by fits y which he fub- mentiim i e ^ 
divides into the other two kindes 3 fo that all comes to the fame pafle.' Some Rapl' 1 *' ™ 9 ' 
againe make fotire or fiue kindes, adding 11 Loue melancholy tothefirft, and h Lmm'm 
Lycanthropia. The moft receiued divifion is into three kindes. The firft pro- a ?'* ,de Mela 
ceedes from the fole fault of the Braine^nd is called Head melancholy : the fe- 
cond, fympathetically procecdes from the whole Body > when the whole tem- 

E 3 pcra- 

Part, i , Se&. i . Species of Melancholy. Memb. 3 . Subf-5 . 

34. perature is Melancholy: The third arifeth from the BowelsjLiuerjSpleene, 
or McmbranCjCalled Mefenter turn pained Hypocondriacall, or windy Melancho* 
»c*/>.rj. /p.which » Laurent iw fubdividcs into three parts,from thofc three Members, 
Hepittcke^plenathke^Mefcruxcke, Lone Melancholy ,which Jvicenna cn\s Ihfhh 
and LycanibropiA y \v\\\Qh heecals Cucttbutbe, are commonly included in Head 
Melancholy:butofthis laft,whichG>rW//j de Solo cz\s^s4moreos , and moft 
Knight melancholy ,with that of Religious melancholy, and all the other kindes > 
oS.Loue w^»^//,lwillfpeakea-partby themfelucs in my third Partition. 
The three precedent (pedes arc the fubicd of my difcourfe, which I will a« 
nacomizejand treat of,through all their caufes,fymptomcs,cures, together, 
and a-part^that eucry roan that is in any meafure affe&ed with this malady, 
may know how to examine it in himfclfe, and apply remedies vnto it. 

It is a hard matter,! confe(Te,to diftinguifh thefc three Species 3 one from 
the orher,to exprefle their feuerall caufes 3 fympco'me^,ciires ; beii)g that they 
are fo often confounded amongft themfelues,hauing fuch affinity, that they 
can fcarce be difcerned by the moft accurate Phyfitiansj andfo often inter- 
mixc with other difeafes,that the beft experienced haue bene plunged. Mon* 
tanui conJJl.26.h2d a patient that had this difeafe of Melancholy and caninus 
1 4 8o & tl6t Appetitus both together. And confil.23. with Vertigo. 1 Julius C<efar Claudirms 
cwjuit.craftLu with Stone,Gout 3 Iandice.T rincaveliius with an Aguejandice, Caninus Ap* 
«* Hi'JiJbeim pet ft as &c> m Paulas \kegeline a greatDo&or in his time 5 confnkcd in this cafe, 
ffoeLxfii.iff. and was fo confounded with a confufion of Symptomcs, that Ik knew not 
TM™mfi\l to w ^ at ^ nc ^ c °^ Mc^ncholy to referrc it. n Trincavellius, Fallopius, & Fran* 
& \6. ' canztnus f xhrce famous Doctors in July, all three conferred with about one 
party, at the fame time,gaue three different opinions. And in another place, 
Trincavcllius being demaunded what hee thought of a Melancholy young 
man,to whom he was fenc for, ingenioufly confefled, that he was indeede 
melancholy ,but he knew not to whatkinde to reduce it. In his 1 7. confuka* 
tioiijthereis the like difagreetnent about a melancholy Monke.Thofe fymp- 
•f up.x% .tutt. tomes, which others afcribe to mif-affecTed parts & humors, t HercJe Saxo* melon* /^attributes wholly to diitcmpered fpirits , Sariofeimmatcriall, asl hauc 
faid. Sometimes they cannot well difeerne this Difeafe from others. In Ret* 
verm Solenawlers coM\Cc\s y Sec7.s.con/Il.s. He and \y.Brande both agreed,thac 
. the Patients Difeafe was Hypocondriacally melancholy. D. MathoUm faid it 
+ was ^A/lmt, and nothing elfe.°5^W^and Guartonius^ lately fent for to 
the melancholy Duke ofc/^with others, could not define what Species ic 
vvas,or agree amongft themfelucs.The Species are fo confounded, as in at* 

f Laboravitper 

far Claudius his 44confultation for a Polonian Count , In his iudpment P he 
^TTmT * ^ 0ttre< * °f He ^ melancholy, a»d that which proceeds from the whole temperature 
setocorpore, fo t fr at onc ^ l cou ld giueinftanceof fome that haue had all three kindes 
femel & flmul^nd fome fucceffiuely. In fuch variety of Symptomes, caufes: 
how difficult a thing is it to treat of feuerall kindes apart; to make any cer- 
tainty amongft fo many cafualties.diftraaions,when feldomc two men fhali 
be like affeftcd^r omnia? Vis hard,I eonfcflc,y et neuerthelefle I will aduen- 
ture through the midft of thefe perplexities, and led by the clewe or thread 
of the beft Writers, extricate my fclfe out of a Labyrinth of doubts and «• 
sors^and fo proceed to the Caufes* 



(aufes of melancholy. 



SECT, ii " 

Mbmb. i« Svbsbc. !• 

Causes of Melancholy • 
GOD a cau[c^j. 

Tu m vaine to fpeake of Cures , or thmke of remedies , v tit ill fuch time m wee 
haue considered of (be Caufesjo <l Galen prefcribes Glaucoi and the common < Pr'mo auk 
experience of others, confirmes, that thofe Cures muft beevnperfed:, f^'Y: .. B 
latne,and to no purpofc, wherein theCaufes haue not firft bcene fearched, ^^j^* 
as * Pr^rC4^»/«fwellobferues,inhisTraft^Lx//ri^//<f to Cardinally- ffonm taufM 
jfo/.Infomuch that f Ferneltus puts a ktnde of necepty in the knowledge of the f/^lf'^, 
Caufes^and without which it u impofible to come^or to preuent any manner ofdtf* tut.nm aiioqui 
f4/c->.Empyrickes may eafe,and iomctimcs hclpe, but not throughly root mm 
out: fublati caufa tollttur effeBusjs the faying is, if the caufe be remoued.thc f^effet. 
effect is likewifevanquifhed. It is a moft difficult thing ( I confeffe) to bee fP<tfW».j> 
able to difcerne the(ecaufes whence they arc, andinluch 1 (variety, to fay c ^ol)^TaZ 
what the beginning was. u He is happy that can performe it aright. I will ad- f as , m duUim- 
venturetoguefteasncercaslcan, and rip them all vp, from the firft to the fu^meeegkr 
h^Genera/lmnd particular to euery Species , that fo they may the better bee ^mnnmc^ 

dcfcried. rare,necpreca~ 
<7^r<*//caufes, are either fuper naturally natural!. Supernatural! vttfiom % t cr J. bc , et ' . 

i it i i I -/j r- i n if • • '/i Tarda emm 

God and his Angels pi by Gods permipon from the Diuell and nismmutcrs. 1 hat mr bi variety 

Godhimfclfe isacaufeforthepunifhmentoffinne, and fatisfa&ion of his ^differential 

Iuftice,many examples and teftimonies of noly Scriptures make evident vn- Zfuiur!mde'iy.Foolijhncn are plagued for their offence ^andby re a[on of their 'milium morbus 

wickednejfe. Gehazi was ftroken with Lzptoftc^.Reg.^y.Dauid plagued for ^^f^f^ 

numbringhis people, j.P*tr..2/ ? S0^»* and Gomorrahfw alio wed vp. And this u f*Hx quipo' 

difeaie is peculiarly ipecified./ 3 fair 07,12. He brought down their heart through rerm cog- 

beaiiinelfe.Veut.2i^S.Heftrokethemwthmadne^ "f's'm^T^ 

of heart, * ^yin euill fptrit wasfent by the Lord vpon Saul, to vexe him* Y Nabu- 1 ban./n. 

chadnezzar did earc graflc like an Oxc,and his heart was made like the beafls of \lfff l ^ lt ' 

^y?^.Heathenftoriesarefulloffuchpuniflimcnts. Lycurgus ,bcc2ufe hee * mm caput, 

cut downe the Vines in his Country, was by Bacchus driuen into madnefle:fo & fimtm am- 

was Pentheus and his mother x^fgau e for neglecting their facrifice. * Cenfor r ^^ n co *' 

Fulvi'ttn mad for vntiling /uno's Temple, to couer a new one of his o wne, t MmfUr. ccf. 

which he had dedicated to Fortune , a and was confounded to death, with grief e ^°gj b -^ ™h 

dndforrow of heart. When Xerxes would haue fpoiled t ^polios Temple at f em lbantur ~ 

Velphos, of thofe infinite riches it pofTeficd, a terrible thunder came from tavqwrn'mfam 

Heaucn.and ftroke 4000 men dcad,the reft ran mad. A little after, the fiEcS^^J** 1 ' 

happened to #^/7#0/,lightning,thunder,earth-quakes,vpon fuch a facrilcgt- *> Gaguinmiib. 

ousoccafion. Ifwec may bclecue our Pontificiall Writers, they will relate 3«M.9*«* 

vnto vs many ftrange and prodigious puniflimcnts in this kindc, inflicted by dSpmumt, 

their Saints.How b Clodoveus fometime King of France , the fon of Dogebert 7 inhfmilmiiit 

loft his wits for vr.couering the body of St Denis: and how a c facrilegious ^^J^?"^ 

( rorum eanttmptor,tem\>li foribus effiattis, dum D. hhannis arpenteum fimulachrumraperecontendit,fimidacbrkm avtrfdfam 
fafimeivcrfat.ntcmara, far'tUga mentis wo^at^'mfemet mfaniem in prtyrioi arm defenit. 


Part.i.Se&i. Cau/es of melancholy. Memb.i.Subf.r« 

$6 Frenchman that would hauc ftolne away a filuer Image of S. lohn at S/'r- 
^rg^became frantickeon afuddainc 3 raging>and tyrannizing oner his own 

* GttMM Ci- fletli. Of a d Lord of Rbadnsr jhix. comming from hunting late at night,puc 
^r^uiwar ^ s ^°SS SS inzo Saltans Church/ Llan Auan they call it) and riling betimes 
cambn.t. ' next morning,as Hunters vfe,to doe .found all his Dogges mad,himfclfebe« 
\tm° r °u* * n g f^denly ilroken blind. Of Jyridates2n * Armenian for violating 

• •/ .M**.3 fomc lioly Nunnes,that waspunifhed in like fort^ith lotTc of his wits. Buc 

Poets and Papifts may goe together for fabulous tales $ let them free their 
owne" credits; Howfoeuer they fainc of their Nemefis^ and of their Satats s ot 
by the Di vels meanes may be deludedjwc find it truejthat Vltor a tergo Deus, 

t pral.44.1. He is^Godtbe ^.v^rr, as D/i/i/^ (tiles him;and that it is our crying finnes that 
pull this and many other maladies vpon our ownc heads. That he can by his 

s Libttap. de Angels,which arehisMiniftcrs.ftrike andhealc (faith %DtonyJtus jwhom 

Uiew. he ivilUchathccan plague vs by his Creatures, Sunne,Moone,and Starres, 
which he vfeth ashisinltruments, as a Husbandman ({mh Zanchsus )do\\i 

. w , - an Hatchet:Hai!e,Snow,Windes &c: 

" Et comnratt ventunt in cUjuca venti i 
as in Tofaxhs time, as in Pharaohs time in Egypt; they are but as fo many Exe« 
cutioncrsofhis luftice. Hee can make the proudeft fpirics ftotipe, andcry 

i DeBahi'i out with Julian the Apoftatejrtcifti GaliUe\ox with Apollo s Prieft in 1 Chryfe- 
art ^ t ' ftmCi O caelum I terra ! undehojlis hie t What an enemy is this? And pray 
with ^/^acknowledging his power, Jam weakned and fore broken , I roare 
for the griefe of mine heart, mine heart panteth^ejrc : Pfal. 3$,$. O Lord rebuke me 
riot in thine a nger ^neither chaftife me in thy wrath , PfaU 38,1. make me to btarc_j 
toy andgUdne(fc t tbat th; bones which thou hafl broken ^may reiorce, Pfal.$i^ S. 
verfe 12- Reftore to me the toy of thy faluat/on, and flab/ffh me with thy free jp/r/t. 

k tib.i.cap r. For thefe caufes belike k Hyppocrates would hauc a Phyfitian take fpecial no- 
id? Ab- tlce 5 wnecner thedifeafe come not from a diutne fupernaturalcanfe,or whe- 

ditL return lncr " follow the coiirfe of Nature. But this is farther difcufied by I Feme- 

earah. liusjSnd m /. Cdfar Claudinus^o whom 1 refcrre you, how this place of Hyp- 

iwjp?' ma ' pirates is to be vnderftood. Paracelfus is of opinion,that fuch fpirituafl Dif. 

eafcsf for fo he callcs them ) are fpirituafly to bee cured , and not othcrwifc. 
Ordinary meancs in fuch cafes, will not availe: Non efl reluclandum cum Deo, 
When that monfter-taming Hercules ouercame all in the Olympicks, Jupiter 
at laft in an vnknowne fhape wrcftled with him j the victory was vncertaine, 
till at length Iupiter difcryed himfelfe,and Hercules yeclded 3 No famine with 
fupreamc powers, 

Nil iuvaf immenfos Crateropromittere monies* 

f Pct, Phyfitians and Phyfickc can doe no good, t weemufl fubmit our felues vnder 
the mighty hand of ^acknowledge our offences, call to him for mercy. If 
he ftrike vs^una eadem% manm vulnus opemfr feret, as it is with them that are 
wounded with the fpeare of Achille t, hee alone mufthelpc$ othqrwifc our 
difeafes are incurablc,and wee not to be relciued. 

Svbsbc. t) 

Part.i ,Sed.2. Caujes of Melancholy, Memb. i .6ublu<, 

— . — — — 


S V B S B C, 2* 

K^iDigrefiion of Dine Island hove they cmfe Melancholy, 

HOwfarre the power of Diuclls doth extend, and whether they can 
caufc this or any other Difeafe, isafcriousqueftionand worthy to 
beconfidered, for the better vnderftanding of which 3 I will make a 
briefe digrclfionofthc nature of Diuels. And although the quetfion be ve- 
ry obfcurc,according to n Pojlellusfullof controuerfte 'and ambiguity: yet as in V*£f*& m 
the reft,l will aducnture to fay fomcthingofit. In former times, as we read, diljnmUAu 
Alls 2 ^.Thc Sadhicees denied that there were any fuch SpiritSjDiveIs,or An- mwtfjkdtiu 
eels.SodidthePm/uttf/c£/, and ^r/TWtfhimfelfc, zsPomponatius ftifly c ^ 10 ^ ma ^^' 

v . ■ . l , . , r rr-i i i, t t ✓ " • fiurttas,mtror 

maintaines, and $tdtger in iomelort grants. Though Dandinusiht lefuite, ^maium con- Ub t animaft'i&y dcmcs'wf ubfantU (epafatx and Intelligences, are w*i*>qumde 
the fame which Chiiftians call Angells,andPlatonifts, Diuels. Epicures and jy^Sf^^. 
i^theijls arc of the (ameminde in gcnerall , becaufe they ncucrfaw them, rata. 
PlatOyPlotinuSiPorphyriusJamblicusfroclufjnhfting in the Heps ofT rijtnegi- m - 
flus and Socrates^ make no doubt of it. NozStoicks, but that there are fuch cap.^tn^'. 
fpirirs,though much erring from the truth. Concerning the firft beginning t sustro^iui 
ofthem,the° TWw«^//?ilay that had a wife called Litis , betorehee fanflia-Tbi. 
married E^and of her he begat nothing but Diuels. The Turkes P Aharon Mp.iyio.Ait* 
is altogether as abiurd and ridiculous in this point: but the Scripture in- 
formes vs Chripans 3 how Lucifer the chiefe of them,with his afTociats, s fell q Ar.feiuster 
from licaucn for his pride^d ambitionjereated of God, placed in heaucn l & fuperbiom fepa* 
fometimcs an Anscll oflighr,now caft downe into Hell , and deliuered into ZTJ^ff^ 
Chaincs of darkneffc,2.Pet.2*4.tohe kept vnto damnation, Thereisafoolifh o- ftrtit./iuflm. 
pinion which fomc hold.that they arc the foules of m en dcparted,the which ^ s tuteofDi- 
M*Tyrias (cr.27.maimzmcs.TbefcJpirits z hc * faith, vohichxve call \_s4ngels and j alk(t 
Viuelh , are nought but foules of men departedjivhich either through loue and pitty fmDgmonet _ 
cf their fiends yet tiuingjielpe ejr afifl them fir elfe perfecute their entmies.whom tZ^mpl'e 
they hated: Appointed by thofe higher powers tokeepe men from iheirna- deprff6 : prwtm 
tiuity and protect them , or to punifh them as they fee caufe; and are called y tam > 
horn and maltgcnjj by the Romans. Socrat .had his D<tmonium y as the Plato- S*co™!T 
nifts fuppofeoy his^and we Chriftians our affifting Angells,as Zanch, mifmcwM &c 
and fome Diuines hold. But this abfurd Tenent of this Tyrius , Proclu* con- S^ c Jf" 
futes at large,in hisbooke deAnima rjr d<emonc> ^ApUm: fpi. 

r P/?//^aChriftian 5 andfometimesTutor (hu\\CuJ}>inian)to Michael Pa- p^mmdh 
rapinatius, Empcrour ofareece 3 a great obferucrofthe nature of Diuels, ^"tlt^ 
holds that they are f corporeall, and haue aerial! bodies , that they are^> mortally tiomlia, colore 
Hue and d'ye , that they are nourished and haue excrements, that theyfeele painc if j^f^*"' 
they be for/ (which Cardan confirmes ? cV: Saliger iuftly laughs h im to (borne c Nutriantur, 
fox, ft pafcantur aerejur non pugnant ob puriorem aera? eye.) orflroken: and if fj™ m ™-1 
their bodies be cut,with admirable celerity they come together againc/to- Zani 
fin in Gen.ltb, j Je liharbit. holds is much ^mutata cafu corpora in deter iortm fiiMo paxnfpi 
qualitatema'erii Jpifiioris, That in their fall their bodies were changed into a cer P ore * 
moreaeriall and groflefubfhnce. That they can aflTume acriall bodies,all 
mancr of (hapes at their plcafures,appeare in what likcneffe they will them- 

F felucs 

Paru. Sc&.z. Nature of Dwells. Memb.i.Subfs, 

3 8 feluesjthac they arc mod (wife in motion, and can pafle many miles in an in. 
■ cypianium font , and fo likcwife u transformc bodies of others into what fhape they 
Tl&Timi- plcafc^ with admirable celeritie remoue them from place to place, Zanch. 
tia transfem Bodme ^Spondan. and others are of opinion , that they caufe a true Metamor- 
dS : did the P n °fi s > as Nabuchadnezar was really tranflated into a Beaft } Lots wife into a 
chriit to th« pillar of k\v,yl?Jfes companions into Hoggcsand Dogs by Qr^jcharmes: 
top of the Pi- Turnc themfelues and othets,as they doe Witches into Cats,Dogs, Hares^ 
"h« C arf oftea Cxowts^cStrozzius Ckogna hath many examples,//^. 3. omnif: mag\cap\ 4 : 
tranflated.See ejr j-.which he there confutes. As ^duftin doth de civitiDet Ub: j £.That they 
moicmstre^- cail b c f ecne w } lcn an d in what ihape, and to whom they will, faith Pfellns t 
hblxlp^.m- Tametfi ml tale viderim, nee of tern vtdere : Though hee himfelfe neuer (aw 
mf.mag.Pcrae- them nor defied it j and vfe fomctimcscarnall copulation f aselfewherel 
TnjtliZTor^' fhall x proue more at large j with women and men. Many will not beleeue 
pra fare pof- that they can be feene. Marcus of his credit told Pfe(l*s*\\\zx. hec had often 
funt,Biam.w- f eene t h cm# varacelf confeffeth that hee faw them diucrs i imcs^md confer- 
to e^zwsf** red with them 3 and fo doth Alexander ab y Jkxandro, that hefofoui?fltt bycx* 
in conjpicuos «- perienceyohen as before be doubted of it-. Many deny it, faith Lauater def^eciru^ 
H ^c\^dtTcid ?* r t't' c '2>& p* rt ' 2.(-i i.becaufe they neuer faw them themfelues. But as hee re- 
vbiiuj. ports at large all ouer his booke,efpecially cap. j^.pArt:r.ihty are often fecn. 
Mml'isil' 1, Car d a % hbi i p.defubtiktchx.cso{h\s father FaciusCardan$\\n after heaccu- 
Loue Meian' ftomcdfblemnities, An: 149 1: i3:Auguft,heeconiuredvpfcai;enDiuelsin 
choiy. ^ Greeke apparell,about 40 yeares of age , fome ruddy of complexion, and 
nafavtfim' ^ omc P a ^ e > as nc thoughtrhe asked them many queftions,and they made rea. 
& compertum dy anfwere 3 thac they were aeriall Diuels,that they liued and died as men did 
'Timt^mb ™ * auin § that they were farre longer iiued (7 or 8 hundred 2 yeares ) and that 
ejjm am >ge- ^ ^ cxcell men in dignkie 3 as we doe iumentes, and were as farre 
Tidemfum ti- excelled againe of thofe that were aboue them:our gouernours and keepers 

b * H sic Hefwdut and tnc Spirits °f tnfi meaner fort had fuch offices, as wee make horfekee« 
deNymnbis vi* pcrSjneat.hcardsjand thebaicftofvs 3 onerfeers of ourcattle.and that we can 
vere dkit 10. ^ n0 more apprehend their natures & functions 3 thcn an horfe a mans. They 
vei*J.*!!*'* knew a ^ things, but might not reueale them to men ; & ruled & domineered 

* cujiodesho- ouervs,as we doe ouer horfes: the beft Kings amongftvs 3 & the moft gene- 
^mZmJ&s. rous r P irits >were not comparable to thebafeft of them.Sometimes they did 

*" inftrucl men^ communicate their skill,reward and cherifh s & fometimes a- 
gaine terrifle and punifh, to keepe them in awe, as they thought fit. The 
fame author Cardan^mhisHyperchen^om of the doctrine of Stoieks 3 vvil hauc 
rwvTtwa' fome ofthereG ^(^^°) i ecallsthem)tobc a defirousofmens company, 
hom'tn bu$ } mul' very afTable,and familiar with them as Dogges arejOthers againe to abhorre 
dZmT f& asSer P ents > and care not for them. h Generally they farre cxcell men in worthy 

* Tbhomhe 44 A mm tJje mcancfl xoorme, though fome of them are inferior to men againe, 
phtdiftant qui as fome degenerate \b aj r ey 'at 'ion 'all 'creature s,are excelled of brute beaJIs 

n Thac th 7 ™ ^ m ; rt , al ^^til hefet f ftimonic ? fc ^^' many other 
umen qmdm Uivmcs and Philolophers hold. The c Platonifis and many Rabbines, Porphy 
ex bis ab bomi- nut and Plut arches appeares by that relation of Tbamm. d The great God Part 
mvihZma U Kjpofo Pythim ccafed 3 and fo the reft. S. Hierome in the life of/Wo 
fem,&c. the Ermitetcls a ftory 3 how one of them appeared to S.^/^vinthewil- 
Iti'X^neT dcrneflc » and told him as much. *Paracclfm of our late writers ftifly main- 
WW bominibus^ tandem mori 3 Cic9gm i part.U.c. J. * deftfl. vraaOmm. e Vb. d( Zilpbit & Vigmcis. 


Part. i. Sect 2. Caufes o) f Melancholy. Mcmb.uSub£i. 

taincs that they arc mortall^r.d Kuc and dic 3 as other creatures doc. Zozinus 39 
lib\ 2. farther addes,that religion and policy dies and alters with them. The 
f Gentiles Gods, he faith, were expelled by Conflantine, and together with {D »i^ m ^ 
ihcmjmperif Romani maie^as^rforttma^nter^t.ejr pr oflrgat a eft. lhc fortune ^TfJ^&c. 
and maicftie ofthe Empire, decayed and vanifhed- But thefe para- 

doxes oftheirmor'tality,takingoffh2pcs,tranfpoiingbodies : andcarnai<:0' 
pulations,arcfufriciently confuted by Zancb*cap, io.l/b\4. Pererius in bti Com* 
mentyfjr Tortus efttefliom on the 6. of Gen\ Tb.AquinS.Aupn.Wterus ^ Tb.Era • 
JiufjOelrio T0.2. lib. 2 .quafl. 2 p, They may deceaue the eyes of men , but none 
take rrue bodies , or make arcall Metamorphofis: but as C/cogna proucs at 
largerthey are B UluforU ejrprtfttgiatrices tranfforwationes jmntf mag. lib. 4. iC/mia jphiti- 
fj/j.^.mccre illufions and cofenings, yet thus much in generall.T/taw^Da- fy% e P& K * 
rand^nd all the reft grant,that they hauevnderftanding farrc beyond men, &&$«kiaom- 
andean probably conie&ure^nd* 1 foretell many thingsj they can caufe and Mhm&maU 
cure mod difcafesjjfca t thev haue excellent skill in all Arts and Sciences : and ff t u L P °T 
that the molt ulitaUte Diuell is OuouU nomine fcientior , as l C/ecgna main- mmrcguntur. 
tames out of others. They knowe the vertues ofHcarbs,Plants 5 Stones 3 Mi- Mf^M* 6 ^ 
nerals,&c. Of all Creatures jBirdsJSeafts, the fourc Elements ,Starres,P!3- olmf^l'Tkl 
nctsandcan aprly apply them and make vfe of them as theyfeegood\know- c ^-3- 
ing the caufes of all Meteors,and thel.kc. k They can produce miraculous ^cen^tte- 
alterations in the ayrc,and molt wonderful! cftecis. But that which Bod/ne uncap t 7 . 
l1b.4jhtcLt.nxt thinkesjthat they can tell the fecrets of a mans heart 3 is mod ^jS*^^ 
falfc. His rcafons arc weake,and fufficiently confuted by Zancb. lib. 4. cap. p. wniL^pmim 

and Others: fcientiacallidio- 

As for thofc orders of good and bad Diuels 3 which the Platonifrs hoId } i*^^ &ix ] 
altogether erroneous and thofe Ethnicks, boni and malt Gtny^ are to bee cx- tcrmamlm /im- 
ploded. That which h Apulcius, Xenophon and Plato contend of Socrates &<e* &<"di»emziu, 
vwnium^ moft abfurd .That which Plotinm of his,that hee had likewife De- h'dTfaLf'&c 
um pro Da>mo»io;md that which Porphyry concludes of them all in generall, if 1 lifyjmuf. ' 
they be neglected in their faenfice they are angry, and fend many plagues a- Tk UJ ' 2 ' 
mongft vs, but if pleafcd, then they doe much goodjis as vainc as the reft, & fit^Tam^t 
confutedby L^njlinlib.g.cap.S deCiuit. Dei.Enfebilib. q.prsparat. Evangel, f^fi'mtuum 
tap .6. and others. Yet thus much I finde i that our Schcolemen and » other ^ITc^m un- 
Diuines make nine kindesol bad Diuels , as Dionyfim hath done of Angels, ufujennpuadm 
In the flrftranke arc thofe falfe Gods of the Gentiles/ which were adored W^W¥. 
heretofore in feuerall idols.and gaue Oracles at Delpbos& clfewhere, whofe iSmwum 
Prince is Beelzebub, .The fecond rancke is of Liers,and j£qnivocatcrs 3 as o^- ""^lium opt 
folio PjthituM the tike.l he third are thofc veMels of anger 3 inventers of all STfcS^ 
mifchiefe^as that Tbeuttu in PAr/^.f/^calsthem vcflcls of fury, their Prince mi^kimtii 
is Beliaff.'Xhc fourth are malitious 3 rcuengrng Diuels, and their Prince is A(* f U!i !" k 
prod<ew.'Xhe fift kindc are cofeners/uch as belong to Magitians & Witches; ITnmht'^uim 
their Prince is Satan. The fixtare thofe aerial! Diuells that Corrupt the aire hom * tic»gu m 
and caufe plagues^hundcrs^resj&c. fpoken of in the Lsfpccalppsfind Faults m^d™ so- 
ro the names them the princes ofthe ay xt:Merefin is their Prince. aathM4 mU 
The feauenth is a deftroycr,Captaine ofthe Furies, eaufing wars, tumults, p/^'*^* 
combuftions , vproares, mentioned in the ^pocalyps, and called Abaddon, 

quoddama piU 
ma puerttii me 

fiqimtum Jtepe diffhufet impellti nunquam inflar vocU.?Uto, > *Agrippt lib 4 . it otculphx.i 3. Zmb. ViflH'mfilemt, Cif ffg. 
**J,}jc.i.&c. k Fajaira.c.i}, ^wbm datum ell rucerc terr«e& marit&c* 

F 2 The 

Part.i, Sc&.i. Nature of Dwells. Mcmb.i . Subl.2. 

40 The eight is that accufing or calumniating Diucll , whom the Greckcs call 
a'^oa§-, that driues vs to defpairc. The ninth are thofc tempters in feucrall 
kindcs,and their prince is Mammon. Pfelltts makes fix kindcs,but none aboue 
. the Moonc; but Gazaus cited by m Ltpfms 5 will hauc all places full of Angclls 
7erm 'f'senec. anc * Diuels 3 aboue and beneath the Moone,aetheriall and aeriall , which Ah* 
lib.i.cap. x8. flin cites out of Vayyo libiy, de Ciuit: Dei cap: 6* The celejliali Dwells about \an d 

or as fome will,Gods aboue, Semidet\ or halfe Gods beneath, 
"ebirel, vocarij, Lares y Heroes 3 Gf /^which clime highcr,if they liucd wcll,as the Stt/cks held; 
hero**, lares, ge. but groucll on the ground as they were baler in their hues, neererto the 
"<>m Cd eUd cartn *' an< ^ arc Manes^ Lemures^c. °They will hauc no place void,but all full 
°J^Tf Afe *' of SpiritsJDiuels.or fome other inhabitants. Plenum catlum.aer* aqua Jerrt % 
abbiijvbi vel & omnia fub /tfM,iaitn ? Gazjtus .Not lo much as an hairc breadth empty m 
€opn umjn me heauen 5 earth,or watcrs,aboue or vnder the earth. The earth is not fo ful of 
™ l tiTdeZityb. & lQS in 1 it is at all times of inuifible Diuels: this 1 Paracelsus ftirfely 
* txb.T.cap.i 4. maintaineSjand that&eyhaue euery one their fcuerall fkaos. GregoriusTo* 
& *mvT aXt l°f Ami makes fcauen kindes of aethcriall Diuels, accordii^to the number of 
1 comment.]* the Icaucn Planets. Saturnine, louial, Martiall, &c. which liue about them* 
diat.PUt. dcA~ and asfo many aflifting powers cau/e their operations; and willhaue,ina 
nfyutrl\ *- vvorc * j as m any °f them as there bee ftarres in the Skies. Mar films Ficinus. 
Ubet fjper wj, feemes to fecond this opinion 4 out of Platopx from himfelfej know not:As 
XJlt^bTmo euer y Sphearc is higher ,fo hath it more excellent inhabitants; which belike 
rapt* fph*r* i s that GaliUu* a GaliUe*, and Kepler aimcs at in his nuncio Stderio , when hec 
confortcsyvc bn- will hauc « Saturnine and Jouiall inhabitants. And which Tycho Brahe doth in 
t'sMrivai & ^ ome ^ ort toucn or infinuate in one of his Epiftles : but thefc things * Zan* 
Souiat. accolM. cbius explodes >cap:j. libij. 

* iniocAdetruft 5 Q t h at according to thefc men , the number of aetheriall Spirits muft 
^iorbei'iTae- nc eds be infip^it: For if that be true that (ome of our Mathematicians fay: if a 
rem fedket & ftone fhould fall from that ftarry heauen.or eight Sphearc,and fhould pane 
^wfirwf CW euery houre an hundred miles , it would bee 6 5 yeares , or more, before it 
vantur. would come to ground,by reafon of the great diftancc of heaue from earth, 
* 9. which containcs, as fome fay 170 Millions 803 miles, bffidesthofe other 
vck and^r hcauens, whether they be Chriftalline or watery which Magtnus ads, which 
kindes. peraduenture holds as much more^how many fuch Spirits may it containc? 
Velh % tg ' ^ nt * y ct tor a ^ tJlis " TnomM *ndAlbcrtus,znd moft hold that thercbe farrc 
» JupH-hsctlL niorc Angels then Diucls. 

*», tie quit exi- But be they more or lefle, Quodfupra nos nihil ad nos. Wee are oncly to 
^hnJ'^m. f P cakc in brie ^ e of thcfc foMujwry Diuclsrfor the reft, our Diuincs hold that 
rm. vbisniem the DiueM hath no power oucr ftarrcs.or heauens. x CArminibm ccelo pojfunt 
tte^uDem'tY ^ucerel*nam,&e. Thofe are poetical 1 ficl ons, and that they can y fifitrt 
6nmt t &*M W» flwifs , ejrverterefyderaretro^ ejre. as Canidia in Horace z 'tis all falfc, 
nemtarbitrdre- * They arc confined vntill the day of judgement, to this fublunary world & 

SfSrJK can worlcc no farthcr tncn tnc fourc Events , and as God permits them. 
wmtnieturms, Wherefore of thefe fublunary Diuels,J»/f//«* makes fix kindes. fiery, aerially 
t»nde Upturn * tcrrcftriall, watery, and fubtcrranean diucls, befidc* thofe Fairies. Satvres 

iredwi'ti. Idiot Kl.i««r\V»»c ftr*. J 9 

z**ehj. An . Nymphcs,&c. 

•& Angd. maiu. Fiery Diuels are fuch as commonly worke by blazing ftarres ,firc-drakes,& 
w'(7bl% n countcrfeit Sunncs and Moones, ftarres oftentimes, and fit on (hip Mafts, 
' ' which ncucrappcare/aithc<r^, but they fignific fome mifchicfe orothcr 


Partl.Scd.2. (jufes of melancholy, Memb.i.SubCi 

to come vnto men: Cur (tones are full of Rich apparitions, Somechinkc 41 
they kcepc their residence in that Hecla,* mountainc in Ijland^tna in Sic sly, 
Lypcraycfuvm&c. Thefc diuels were worfliipped heretofore by that fa- 
perftitious nue?f*«r7«*,and the like. 

Acriall Diuels are fuch as keepe quarter mod part in the a ayre,caufema- A Dmcs diru , 
ny tcmpefts,thundcr,andlightnings,teareOakes 3 fireSteeples s Houfcs } ftrike 
Mcn and Bcafts a makc it raine (tones, as in Limes time, Wooll, Froggcs &c. f™*?^^™ 
Counterfaij armies in the Aire, asatr/f/r/M, before the comming of the pulutl&fuL 
Turkes >ind many times in Rome* as Scheretziusl/b. de fpeft*cap % i ptrt.iylu- *neminftarte- 
ItusObfequeus an old Roman, in his booke of prodigies,^ urb.cond.;oj. and cuogmt^ 
b Maehtavellhzth illuftratcd by many examples.They caufe whirle. winds of c.y. 
a fudden, and tempeftuous ftormcs, as when a delpcrate man makes away b ^* f i ? -«»^*. 
himfelfe» which by hanging or drowning they frequently do,as Kornmannus 
obfa\M:9idemirac*mort partf.cap.76> tripudtum agent es % dancing and reioy- 
cing at the death of a fmner. Thele can corrupt the Aire, and caufe plagues, 
(ickncffCjftormeSj fhipwrackcs,fires,inundations.At Mom Draconu in Italy, 
there is a mod memorable example in c Jovianus Pontanus* And nothing io ' t>e belhtfe** 
familiar f if we may bcleeuc thofe relations of Saxo Grammat. Olaus Mag» 9 > t^ffj^ 
Damtan 9 A-Goes) as for Witches and Sorcerers,in Lapland^ Lituania^nd all dem.idem tuft. 
oner Scandtajio fell winds to Mariners^ caule tepefts,which Marcus Pattlus A f*-1** 
the Venetian relates likewife of the Tartars. Thefe kindes of Divcls are much 
delighted in Sacrifice ( faith Porphyry ) held all the World in in awe , and 
had feuerall namcs,IdoIs,Sacrificcs in Rome \Gr eeccjJEgjpt find at this day ty- 
rannize ouer,and deceiuc thofe Ethnickes and lndians,being adored & wor« 
(hipped for c Gods.For the Gentiles gods were divels (as t T rifmegijfuj co- e in Deiimta. 
fefifeth in his A/clcpius) and he himfclfe could make them come to their Ima- ^^ aith 
ges 3 byMagicke (pells: And are now as much rejpcoled byourPapifts (faith } Vii gentium 
f Ptelorius) vnder the name of Saint //Thefe are they which Cardan thinkes, de v*mm &e. 
(ire fo much carnall copulation with witches//;^/ and Succubt^ns forme 'f^p™™/*' 
bodies.and are fo very cold,that fcrueMagitians.His father had one of them 1 Et nunc fab 
(as he is not afhatned to S relate ) an aeriall Dlvell^bound to him for twenty ^ommnmimt 
and eight yeares. As Agrippas dog had a divell tyed to his coller; fome thinke tifcjfT * Pm ' 
that Paracelfus ( or els Eraflus belies him ) had one confined to his fword * re. 
ptimmelltothers weare them in rings &c. lannes&Iambres did many things rmvM - 
of old by rheir hc\pc:Simon Magus £inops ,and "Xritemius of late^that (hewed 
Maximilian the Emperor his wife,after flic was dead,^* verruca in cello ems 9 
f faith h Godelman )Co much as the wart in her neckc. Delrto Itb, 2, hath many 
examples of their feats: And Cicogna ltb,s*cap.j* trier us in his bookc de pr*- nlfic^&e. " 

f/gMmonum fjrc, » Nereides. 

Water diuels, are thofe Naiades or water Nymphes, which hauebcene 
heeretofore convcrfant about Waters and Riuers. The water fas Paracelfus 
thinkes) is their Chaos,whercin they Iiue:fome call them Fairies, & fay that 
Habundta is their Queenc, thefe caufe Inundations^any times fhipwracks, 
and decciue men feuerall wayes,as Suecub^ov othcrwifc.* Paracelfus hath fc- j ub,jc 
uerall (lories of them,that haue liued and beene married to mortall men,and 
fo continued for ccrtainc yeares with them, & aftcr.vpon fome diflike,hauc 
forfaken them. Such a one was v£gcria t with whom 7{uma was fofamili- 
zxfitanafcres &c* \ Olaus Magnus hath a long narration of one Bother us a * ^ 

F3 King 

Part i.Seft.z. Cau/ej of Melancholy m Mcmb.i. SubC 

4 J fcngof Sa^tf.thathauingloft his company, as hec was hunting one day, 
met with thefe water Nymphcs or Fayrics, and was feaftcd by them. And 
Hdcldr Bo'eth/uj, of Mackbetb, and&*«<rf,two Scottiih Lords, that as they 
werewanderinginthe Woods, were told their Fortunes by threeftrangc 
i rnpkte bo- vVoincn.To thefc hereto tore they did vfe to facrifice^y that CjifuMfiint or 

m num exr.'tbx- ...... ' 

nfefimuimt. divination by Waters. 

jed u conm Terreftriail Diuels 5 are thofe 1 Lares. Genij^Fannes^atyrs} wood-nymphs, 
Fairies goodfeibves.TrulU &c. Which asthcy arcmoft con, 
■\ oryada,Orc- verfant with mcn,fo they doe them moft harme % Some thinkc it was they 
^,Hmidry- alone that kept the Heathen people in avveof old , andhad (6 many Idoles 
Ev'cuQ'aii and Temples erected to them. Of this range was Da^on amongft the Phili* ftiniSjgf// amongft the Babylonians^^/?*?^ amongft the Sydonians, Baal 
viMttcQAt. 3l » on g^ the Samaritans, Ifts and Ofyru amongft the Egyptians &c. Some 
zlvmim chre- put our Fairies into thfs ranke, whsch haue beenc in former times adored 
Si i to»' w ^ mi,c ^ fapctftition^with fweeping their houfes, and fetting of a paylcof 
adeb 'p'ofimJe cleane water, good victuals and the hke,& then they fhould not be pinched, 
vi mroibipfc buc flndc money in their fhooes and be fortunate in their enterprises, Thcfe 
iriitideincep are r ^ c y tnat ^ ancc on heaths and greenes, as m Lavater thinkes ; and as ft 0. 
vUm o b cu- Uui Magnus zMcs^cmz that grecne circle, which wee commonly finde in 
iarisfit,&gra- pi a ; n? . fields/ which others hold to procecde from a Meteor falling,or fome 

* lIm/z'^ accidenrall ranknefle of the ground,lb Nature fports her felfe:they are fome- 
& Pignteis. times feene by old women and children, Hieron.Patilz, in his delcriptionof 
p'S't'c '• 14 ^ n 'f o^Berdno in Spaine^ relates how they haue beenc familiarly feene 
qui&infjm-i neerc that towne^about fountaincs and hils. ° Paracelfus reckons vp many 
UtHviru&f*. places in GVrw.wy, where they doe vfuallywalke in little coates, fome two 
Knt.eenthvh foot long, A. bigger kind there isofthem,cailed With vs Hobgoblins^ and.R*- 
fiopti purgHnt, bin Good fellowes ^hat would in thofe fuperftitious times, grindc come for a 

mcfleofmilke, cut wood, or doe any manner of drudgery workc. They 
tMile^ln c,i- would mend old Irons in thofe *y£o\ian lies of Lypara, in former times, and 
YA it.&c. }-j auc fc, ccnc often feene and heard. P 7 holofanm calls them Trullos and Ge- 

* Ad mwflcria . , r . , , . , . . . J . . r 

uumtur. tu'os } and lann , that in his dayes they were common in many places of 

* Where trea- France_s.Dithmarus Bleskenius in his defcription of Jjlmd, reports for acer« 
£me S ihmke) tamt y» tnat almoft in cuery family they haue fome fuch familiar fpirits. And 
orlbmc mar- F<dix Malleolus in his book de crudel.ebemon.afamcsas much.thac thefc TroU 
fike YUlan Ch ° r T4tdftlM]p(t v c r y co m m on in 7{crx»aj y and 4 f tene to doe drudgery xcorkex 
commitxl ^° draw water, faith Wierus, t/b.zjcap. 22 1 drefle meat, or any fuch thing. 

* re- Another kinde of thefc there are, which frequent forlornc r houfes, which 
9 ^uS &- lne ^ tn ^ ans ca ^ Foliots jxioft. part innoxiot»s, ¥ C4y^» holdes: They mUmake 
mures d.meftl- Jlrangc noyfes in the nighty howle [omctimes pittifully^ and then laugh againc_j t 
mfabdm?'" cau ( e & reat fl tme A »dfadden lights , /Imgflones, rattle cba/nes, tyxuemen , open 
™«t!w, oBal doores^andjhut them^fling downe platters, (looks {be flsjometime appeare m the 
cantberas, likcncffe of Hares, Crowes Jylatke Dodges ejrc: of which reade t Sigtfmund 9 Scbe> 
Unt V &JZ rctz,i 9 MJefrettris, parte /.£*;>./. which he fiith,he tooke out of Luther ^modi 
Zees emiuunt, part ,there be many inftancesJ Pltn? Secund 9 remembers fuch a houfe ac 
w'ant , rifum tbens >w\\\ch K^ithenodorus the Philofophcr hired, which no man durft inha- 

bitforfeareofDivels.WhetherlmaycallthcfeZ/wand Obim % whichy/ tf/ 
fiks,varpfor~ cav.i j,2ify&kz$ of,l make no doubt: fee more ofthefe in the faid Scberetz. 
ftJS^j Iti'i'defle&tMp'+hc is full of examples, Thcfe kinde of Divcls many times 


Parc.i.Sed.2. Caujes of melancholy. Mcmb.i.Subf.2; 

appcare to men,and afftight them out of their wits, fomctimes walking at 43 
« noonc day,fometimes at nights ^counterfeiting dead mens Ghofts,as that 1 Mmdmukt 
of Caligula, which (faith Suetonius) was feene to vvalke in LavinUs garden, ^TakS] 
where his body wasburied , fpirits haunted, and the houfe where hee otAiafiomii. 
died, * nulla nox fine ten ore tr an facia, donee incendto confumpta^ euery night c * 9 s ' uetm € 
this happened, there was no quictneffe, till the houfe was burned. About \nu™Jut 9 
Hecla in fjland&hofts commonly walke, an/mas mortuornm (imulantes, frith 
lob.' _yjn11n.ltb.3-de nat.d&m. Olaus lib-2- cap. 2- appartt-jpir. 
Kornmann 9 de miracmort. parte i.cap.44. fueh fights are frequently feene cir- 
ca fepulchru & Monafieria, faith Lavatjib- i.cap-ip. in Monasteries and about 
Churchyard stand foretell mens dcathsaVy feuerall fignes y as knocking,gro- 
nings,&c. \ Neare rupes nova in Finlard, in the Kingdome of Sweden jhetc is l^Yb. 3° 
aLake,inwhich,beforetheGouernouroftheCaftledyes,aj^^r«w in the magcap.s. ' 
habite of Arion with his Harpe appeares,and makes excellent muficke/like 
thofe blocks in Chefhire,whkh ('they fay)prefage death to the Matter of the 
family : or that * Cke in Lanhadran Parke in Cornwall, which fore fhowes as * a M ^ 7 r ^ 
much. Many families in Ewr^e-*, arc fo put in mind of their laft,byfuch Ub^i/fcU*©! 
prcdi&ions,and many men are fore- warned (if wee may bcleeue Paracelfus) 
by familiar fpirits,in divers (Tupes, as cockes,crowes,Owles, which often 
hover about ficke mens chambers,*^/ quia morientiumfeditatem [entiuntjs 
\ BrriccU 9 co\\\o.2tai<i$ tdeo fuper tettum infirmorum crocitant jbecaufe they ^J'" Gen ** 
fmell a corfe-, or for that ( as Bcrnardinus de BuflU thinketh)God permits the * ' I3? * 
Dive 1 to appcare in the forms of Crowes, and fuch like creatures, to fcarrc 
fuch as liue wickedly heercon earth. A little before T ulltes death ( faith Plu~ 
tarcb ) die Crowes .made a mighty noyfeabout him s t urn ultuofe perftrepentes, 
they pulled the pillow from vnder his head. Such prodigies are very fre- 
quent in Authors.See more of thefe in the faid Lavater* Thyrem delocis infe- x ?*t i.V.i*, 
tlisjart 2*cap-sS*Picloriuipelrto> Cicognajib.j.cap.p. Negromancerstake ^*^f ™* 
vponthem, to raife and lay them at their pleafures. And lo likewife thofc vim for fad- 
which Mizddus c^,sAmbulones y i\\zi walke about midnight on great Heaths entlbus «tf«r- 
and defartplaccs,which ( faith x Lavater) draw men out ef the my, andleade *if^/* W p <44 
them all nitr})t a by way, or quite barre them out of their way: thefe hauc feuerall 
names in feuerall places- we commonly call them Pucks m \n the defarts of Lop 
in Ajafuch illufions of walking fpirits are often pcrceiucd,as you may rcadc qTtnm \ilf,l 
in M.Paulus the Venetian histrauels; If one loofe his company by chance, newuQviaio. 
thefe Divets will cal him by his name,& counterfeit voyces of his compani- ^T^Zl 
onsto (QdLicehlm.Hieronym.Pauli in his book of the hils of Spaincjchtcs of a aula tergo ma- 
great y mount in Cantabria, where fuch Jpeclrums are to be fecn.Lav at.&i Ci- voces *• 
cogntthmc variety of examples, of fpirits, and walking Diuels in this kindc, c ! ZJfTdre" 
Subterranean Diuels are as common as the reft, and doe as much harm e. utmt at- 
Olaus Magnus Jtb»6 cap.ip\ makes fix kinds of them/ome bigger, fome lcfle. i^f^e'riii* 
Thefe ( faith z Munfter) arc commonly fcenc about mines of mcttals, &mvof^ i uH 
and arc fome of them noxious , fomc againc doe no harmc. Tbc mcttall- ^£ **" 
men in fome places account it good luckc, a flgne of trcafurc, and rich p^m. '* 
C re when they fee them. GeorgMAgricohjxi hisbook dejubterraneis &niman« 1 fncofmo^,. 

•j?7i rc " -kons vp two more notable kinds ofthem,which hccals * Getuli mt aUkwum. 
& C^^which are cloatbed after the manner ofmettaS-men^^willmany times gefa & opera 
imitate their nw/foThdr officers ™ m ****** 

trcafurc * 

Part.i.Se&.2, Caujes of Melancholy. Memb.i.Subfoi 

44 treafure in the earth 3 that it be not all at once revealed: and befides, b Cicogna, 
* immifi in avcrresjthat they are thecaufc many times of horrible Earthquakes 5 which 
vmoimmss fallow vp fomctimes not ontly houfcsj?ut whole llands and Cittiesim his ybook 
terrxmotws effi- cap.i /,hc giucs many inftances. 

rilfdmJt*' ThusthcDiiie!lraignes 5 andinathoufandreiieralI fhapes, Asaroaring 
tnodb&tmes, Lion JlHlfeekes whom he may deuourej.Pet.s. by Earrh,Sea,Land,Ayre, as yet 
fhdehitdtes in- vnconfmed , he rageth while he may to comfort himfelfe , as c Laclantius 
b%Z*fmt l * thinkes 3 with other mens falls, hee labours all he can to bring them into the 
Their offices, fame pic of perdition with him. For d mens miferies ^calamities andrumes t are 
operations, the dwells banquet ingdifyes. By many temptations and feuerall engines, hee 
«L*s«tf' i 1 ^ ec ' <cs t0 Cil P lu,2te ollr Joules- The Lord of lyes,faith c ^u/lin, at he wasde- 
deominc cm- cihied himfelfejoe feekes to deceme others , the ringleader to all naughfineflc, 
tacap; i y. bi as he did by Eue and Cain^Sodome, and Gomorrah, io would hee doe by all the 
mahgm fpmt.'A WOv i^ Sometimes he tempts by couctoufnciTc, drunkennefie, pleafure, 

per omnem ter- ni i j r t j/iay- ai 

ram vnymuir i pnde,&c. He midies our ouerthrowe,and leekes our deltruction. Andal- 
&fohtiumper- though he pretend many rimes humane good .and venditate himfelfe for a 

dtfonii Cu* per- c . rr \t y-r r •/ • > ■ t ■ r 

tkndit bmm. God 5 by curing of ieuerall diieales^T'tf J ax it at em, ey ucts lumints vjttm re. 
but opetantur. fiituendo^s Auftln dcclares,//£:/0 M Ctv.Dei cap: 6, as Apollo jtALfculapiw, ifis 
cai^:atesqnt- °^ °^ nauc done,diuert plagues,and aifift them in wars,portcnd our good, 
Ufmt miiorum yet nihil his ir/tpur ius^fceleftiMS, nihil bumano gencri infeflim , nothing io inv 
d< pnre,nothing fo pernitious, as may well appeare by their tyrannical!, and 
•honiuuumtn kl°°dy Sacrifices of men to Moloch, which are ftillin vfeamongltthofe 
daciiifipfi de- Barbarous /z^tf/jtheirfeuerall deceits and coufenings to keepe men in o- 
ceptus alios de- bedience, their falfe oracles , facrifices, their fiiperltitious impofitions of 
wfJillum- fafts,Dcnury, Sec. hcrefies, fuperftitions, obferuations of meats 3 times,&c. 
itigemm,m- by which they f crucify the foules of mortall men , as fhall bee (hewed hi 
ventor mortis, our Treatife of Religious Melancholy. CModicoadhuc tempore finttur malh. 

fopcrbt* input- . . => , . f J . . , r J £ 

tor, radix maii- nari^ as g Bernard expretleth if, by Gods permmion he rages a while, here- 
ti^fceUrumca- a frer to be confined to Hell and darknefle' , which is prepared/or him and his 

mum vt'ofitm, >' > 

furit indein dei How forrc their power doth extend, it is hard to determine , what the 
hoTmmpVni- Ancients ne ^ °f tncir effedts , power and operations, I will briefly (hewe 
tiem,dehjrum you: Plato in Critias^nd after him his followers,gauc out that thefc diiicls, 
tonaiibM & o- were mens gouernours and keepers jur Lords and M afters as we are of our cattle: 
fytplZiumX * Theygouerne Prouinces and Kingdomesby oracles, augur w,drcamcs Rewards , 
rmJtb.%. Dio- and puniiTiments,fend warres,plagues,pcace, ficknelTe, health, &c: as ap. 
n £blfsp)ftk P carcs b y tho ^ c hiftorics of ThucidedcStLiuius, Dionyfius Halicarna/feus,whh 
Ub.\o.cp.z.& many others, that are full of their ftratagems, and were therefore by thofe 
**vi>efil M Ro7mn an ^ Gree ^ e commonwealths adored and worftiipped for Gods, with 
^Mb.sjap. Payers and facrifices , &c: Trttemms in his booke de feptcm fecundity aflignes 
az./^.9.i8. lib. names to fnch Angclls,as are gouernours of particular Prouinces^ by what 
au ^°"tyIknowenot,andgiuesthcm feuerall iurifdiaions. Afelepiadesa 

fl.ep.141. Leo- 

Grecian y Rabbi dchtba the Jew, Abraham ^uenezra, and Rabbi Azariell Ara- 
rTJdmetrj ^* ans * as ^ ^ c l ^ CIT1 c " cc ^ b y ^ Cicogna)faxthci adde , that they ar e not our 


hww.53.i« 1. maUsangelu. Pererjn CenJib B.mcep.6.i. On- 
pn.fepe preliU mtcrfuntjtinera & negotia nofira qtitcung dirigunt cladefiinU Cubftdiu optatos fiepe prabent fucccjftu, Pet. Martin 
jam. &c. f £t velut mancipia circumfert, Pfeliut. t Lib. de tranfmut . Malac'.epif. * Cuflodes funt hom'mum & eorum vt not 
mmdiumjm frpomncijiprtepofm rtgmt wgnryh [omm > ovacnUt funisjfr prxmiiSi&e. t OmmfjM&ib'txap.iz. 


Parc.i.Se&.2. Digrefio?i of Vmells. Memtu.S«b£2. 

gouernotirs only Jed ex eorum concordik ejr difcordia^boni & m&li ejfeflus pro- 45 
mtnant^s they agrec,fo doc wc and our Princcs,or diftgrecj Religion ,,pol- 
licy, publike and priuatc quarrclls depend on them,our bene and rnaleeffe^ 
almoft all our other a&ions,preferments,loiTes, weddings, deaths, &c. as 
thefe boni and mali Gent; fauour or diflike v$:Saturnini non contteniunt lottia> 
Itbus^c: he that is Saturninus, fhall ncuct likely be preferred. * That bafe 
fcUowes are often aduanccdjVndereruing^^'/j&vitiouspafafiteSjWhen » &mia - 
asdifcrce^wife^ertuousjand worthy men arc neglected and vnrcwarded, i>t principes no* 
they referre to thefe domineering fpirits,or Genfe as they are inclined,or fa- ™™* u e £ c ™ 
vourmen,fo they thriue. All particular cuents almo'ifyhey referre to thefe ntiatibu-s pew" 
fpirits: and (zsParacelfus addesj they direct, teach, and inftruCt mcn.-Neuer <bfuant&mui 
was any man extraordinary famous in any Arr,or great Commander, that 
had not familiar em damonem to informe him,as l^uma J Socrates, and many nmfmtipro 
tfich. But thefe are moil erroneous pzxadoxts ^ncpu ejr fabulofe nug*, re- b /j£ {trittam 
ie&ed by our Divincs,and Chriftian Churchcs/Tis true,they haue,by Gods tkdomm^&i 
pcrmiiIion,powerouervs , and we finde by experience, that they can hurt ^m. QuoA 
not our fields onlyxattclLeoods^but our bodies and mindes. Ac Hummel ?,nlo 'M hinQ * 
m5*x0«y, An. 1454.2 o.lumj, The dwell in likcnclie 01 a pied piper, carried cumfiun*& 
away 130 children, that were neuer after feene. Many times men are* af. '"WMobm- 
frightcd out ofthcir wits,orried away quite, as Sberetziw illuftrates, '^pVprJmiim 
cap.jand fcuerally moleitcdby his mcznzs. Plot thus fazPlatonifl Jib.i 4 % td~ tipwteifrdept 
verfGnofl. latighes them to fcorne^ that hold the diuell can caufeanyfuch t'c P j € t mmiS 
difcales. Many thinke he can vvorke vpon the body,bnt not vpon the mind. cap.3M.1M 
But experience pronounceth orherwiie,that he can worke both vpon body Map. idem 
and rninde. T ertu/Han is of this opinion/^ .22. % k that bee an catt/e botkjick- f^jo^&'jf 
neffe and health, and that fecrccly. 1 T imcllui addcSj by clancuiar poyfsns he can demaiu mgelik 
infeflibe bodies, and hinder the operations of the bowels, though we pereeaue it not, ^2jf ^£ 
tlofely creeping into themfa'nh m ,and fo crucifie our foules. For being fuleffickni 3 & 
afpiritLiallbody,heftruggieswith our Rogers ,and fuggefts (ac- pm* 
coi&mztoCardxn,vtrbAjincvoce$eciesfwevifu anger. fcVc.J as ^Sfmh^ 

he fees men inclined. Um^zancU- 
The manner how he pcrformes it,~Biamdnnti6 in his Oration againft Bo~ 1 f } ^°' l ' b '^ 
dine fufficiently declares,//*? beginnesfirjl with thepbantafte , andmoues that L/Zrpwl- 
fo jlronglyjbat no reafon is able to rejifi. Now the Phantafte hee moues by me- fi/ a pop 
diation of humours: Althougkmany Phyfitians arc of opmion,that thedi- ^ri^bi* 
veil can alter the minde,and produce this difeafc of himfelfc. Quibufdam me- &maimm ge~ 
dicorum vifum % faith P Cdvicenna,. quod Melancholia contingat atUmonio. Of ne g °^ m . > *" 
the fame minde is PfeUm^nd Rhafis the L^rabM.r.Trap.p. Cont* 4 That this p e letan&(k- 
difcafe proceeds ejpeciallyfrom the Diuell , andfiomhim alone* And x^ArcuUnus ™re. g shafts \-y£ltanm Mont alt us in his gsap* confirmes as much,that the t e^oiboi& 
diuell can caufc this difeafe; by reafon many times that the parties affected fawtates. 
prophecy,fpcakeftrance hnguzzchutnon fine inter uentuhumorv .not with- T lfterun a ac ' 
out the numour,as he interprets himlelte.-no more doth Avtcennafi conttn- bibere utenter, 
gat a djimonioJufricit nobis vt conucrtatcomplcxiwcmadcbolcramnizram* & & vmnyi **- 

^ J jJ 1 * bis ignotii cor- 

pus inficere. 

m Imptnm corportbui occult c morbos fingunt,menies tment .membra diflorquent. LipfPbil.StokJib.TS.19- D Dererum var.l.i 6, 
*'9h JQfutn mens immed'utc decipt nequit,prmkm motet [banta^am } & it a obfirmat vattis conception* vt ne quemfacultati 
mumjatumc locum rclinquat. Spiritm malut mvtdit ammam^turbat fenfm, in fworcm conikit, Aftft'm. de fit. Beat. P ii^.j.Fia, 
hTiafi.<\.cap.i2. H ADtmonc maxm'z proficifii l & pepe (i!o, 

G ft 

Parta.Scd.2. Nature of Dwells. Memb.i. Subf.2. 

4$ fit cat* fa em propinqua cholera ///gra t the immediate caufe is ehokr aduft:and 
there vpon belike this humor of Melancholy, is called Bdaeum Diaboli, the 
diuels bath: the divell fpying his opportunity of fuch humours, driucs them 
many times to defpaire,fury 3 rage,&c.minglinghimfelfe amongft thofe hu- 
mors. And this is that which Lemnius goes about to proue, /mmifcent fe 
* cap de mm* maligen^ prauU humor ibtuM^atr* Mi,&c. And * Ufcn Praten/is, that the Dp. 
BJemorbii veil being a fender incomprehenftble fpiritfan eaftly infwuate and winde himfelfe 
cerebri Dtmo- ± nt0 \ mmAne bodies ^and cunningly couched in our bowels^vitiate our healths, ttr» 
Temv&iJcoL rifie ourfoules with fearefulldreames, and (bake our m'tnde witbfuries.&nd in an- 
frebenftblkifpu other place. Thefe vncleane Jpirits fetledin our bodies , and now mixt with cur 
ntM >f e l "f™ a " melancholy humours , doe triumph, as it were, and /port themfelues as in another 
'LZtlpftunt, heauen. Thus he argues,and that they goe in and oug of our bodies , as Bees 
& Kcuitem j n a Hiue,and lb prouoke and tempt vs as they perccaue our tempera- 
2SSS22 turc inclined ofitfelfe, and moft apt to be deluded, f Agrippa and t Uuater 
timfimnus are perfwaded that this humour invites the Diuell to it,wherefoeuer it ism 
^mntei futo- extremity,andofallother,melancholy perfons are moft fubieft to diaboli. 
ribui qiMtere. call temptations,and illu{ions,and mod apt to entcrtaine them, and the Di. 
nfimantfeme- ve ]j [, c ft a bl c to worke vpon them. But whether by obfclfion, or poflefiion, 
ftnetrlbb^m' otherwife ,1 will not determine,'tis a difficult queftion. Delrio the Jefuic, 
tiaibiq, confi- Tom.j.lib^. Springer and his Colleague mall, malef, P-Thyrew, Hterommta 
dmt & dciin- M etJ „ m Fla?elMm.& others of that rancke of pontificial writers.ic fecme?, 
in region darif by their exorcifmes and coniurations approucotit, hauing forged many 
fimorumjderuy ft or ies to that purpofc. A Nunnc did eat a lettice 1 without grace, or fgning 
fume!' Mim it with the pgne of the croJfeAnd was inftantly pofleflcd, DurandM.6. Rat tomL 
'Lib.i.cap. 6. capJ6 4 num*8* relates that hee favv a wench poffeffedin&w^/rfwithtwo 
°* C part h \ca r Diucllsjby eating an vnhallowcd Pomcgranet , as fhee did afterwards con- 
de fylfot?' 1 ' feffe j when (he was cured by exorcifmes. And therefore our Papifts doe 
« sine cruet & fig n€ themfelues fo often with the figne of theCroffe^ dtmon ingredi auft y 
§cfd*moZ anc * exorcife all manner of meats , as being vncleane or accurfed other. 
ebfefa. dial, wife,as Bellarmine defends. Many fuch ftories I finde amongft Pontiriciall 
Gw.pagxy.9. wr i tcrS)to prouc their aflertions/let them free their owne credits: fomc few 
I will recite iri this kinde out of moft approued Phyfitians. Cornelm Gemm 
lib.2»de nat.mirac-cap.4. relates of a young maid, called KathertneGualterz 
Coupers daughter, A° 1571. that had fuch ft range paflions and convulfr 
ons,that three men could not fometimes hold her: fhee purged a line Eele, 
which he faw a foot and a halfc long, and touched himfelfe: but the Eele af- 
cerward vanifhed,(he vomited after fome 24 pounds ofblack ftuffe of all co- 
lours,twice a day foifoureteenedaics; and after that ,fhc vomited great bals 
ofhaire,peeces of wood,pigeons dungjparchment,Goofe dung, coles; and 
after them two pound of pure blood , and then againe coles , and ftoncs,of 
which fome had inferiptionsjbigger then a walnut, fome of them peecesof 
glaflc,bra(re,&c. Befidesftrange paroxifmes of laughing, wceping,and exta- 
fieSj&c.H/ hoc (inquit) cum horrercvidi, this I faw with horror. They could 
doe no good on her by phyficke,but left her to the Clergy. Marcellm Dona' 
tus lib*2»cap.i.dc med.mirab}mh fuch another ftory of a country felIow,that 
had foure kniucs in his bcMyJnflar ferr* dentatos, indented like a faw , euery 
one a fpanne long,and a wreath of haire like a globc,with much baggage of 
like fort,wonderfull to behold. How it fhould come into his guts, hee con* 


Parti. Se&2. C au f ef °f me ^ncholy. Memb.i.Subfa 

■ ■ ■ i n — ■ 

cludcs.Certe non alto quAm famonis aflutia & dob, Langitu ep'tft: med: lib: ji 47 

epijli jS: hath many relations to this crTe&,and fo hath Chrijlophortu aVegv, 

merus^Skenkius.ScribAnius^W conclude that they are done by the fubtilty & 

illufion of the Diuell. If you fhall aske a reafon of all this/cis co try vs & our 

faith ,'tis for our offences.and for the punifhmcnt ofour finnes,by Gods per- 

million they doe it , Carnifices vMtft&iuJia Dei, as u Tolofanus ftiies them, ^^wt^ 

Executioners of his will: or rather as David^Pfali/S.ven^g. He<^j catt vpon 

them the Jiercenejfe ofbti A»ger } indignation, watb, and vtxattonjby fending out 

tf ettill Angells: So did he afflict fob.Sau^ the lunatickes and daemoniacall per* 

Tons whom Chrift cured y M At. 4 SLuc.4. 11. Luc. 13. Marc p. Tobit.8,3,&c. 

7 his 5 l fay happencth for a puniflimcnc of finne 3 for their want offaitb, in* 


S T B S E C| 3. 

Of Witches and Magitfansjiow they caufe Melancholy* 

YOuhaue heard what the Diuell can doe of himfcife , nowyoufhali 
hearc vvhathecanperformebyhisinftrumcnts 3 who are many times 
worfef if it be pofifible) then he himfelfe, and to fatisfic their reuenge 
and lufl 5 caufe more mifchicfe, mult A entm mala non egi(fct Prison mfiprouo* 
c*tH* a fagis^s x Erajltts thinkesunuch harme had neuer beenc done, had hee x t)iL«mrh, 
notbecne prouoked by Witches to it \ Hee had not appeared in Samuels 
fhapcjif theVVitch of EnAor had let him aIonc;or reprefented thofe ferpents 
in f bar aos prcfence 5 had not thcMagitians vrged him vrito ic: net morbos "jel 
homtmbwfjcl brutis mfligeret {Era/It^ maintaines )fi fagx quicker ent^ men & 
cattle might goefrec 5 ifthefe Witches would let him alone. Many deny 
Witches at all 3 or if there be any, they can doc no harms; of this opinion is 
meriujtb.jicap.j, jJe prtftigMm. ^ufltn Lerchcmer a Durch writer, Bur* 
munusfivcichtus^ Euwaldus : our countryman Scot : but on the contrary are 
moil Lawyers^Diuine^PhyfitianSjPhilofbpher 

m fJ)ytrcusgZznch'tus^Aretiiis^&cJ)e^ tf. 
7o.i.BodtneddinomAntMbi2.CAp,S>GodelmAn^DAmbodcrius i ejrc.PAra(el(us :> ErA* 
flits £crib mint £amcr -Arias, cfc.The parties by whom the Diuel deafes,may 
be reduced to thefe two,fuch as comand him in (hew at leaft 3 as Coniurers 5 
or fuch as are comanded, as witches that deale tt^irfr mplicite^ov explicit}^ 
asthc y King hath well defined; Many fubdiuifions there arc ,& many feue« i ^ ' 
rail Species of Sorcerers, Wirches,Inchan'ters,Charmers,&c. They hauc v^onouL^ 
becne tolerated heretofore fome ofthem; and Magicke hath becne publike. 
JyprofelTed in fofmer times,in z 5.t/4w^f4 3 and fomc other places, though * An Vniucr- 
. after cenfured by feuerall a Vniucrfities, and now generally contradicted, fnoScS" 
That which they can doc, isasmuchalmoftas the Diuell himfelfe, who is "Oxford and 
fhll ready to fatisfie their defires^to oblige them the more vnto him. They J> a ^^j*« 
can caufe tempeftr , ftormes 5 which is familiarly pracWcd by Witches in ' r 
*Nj>rvoay Jjlindjs.% J haue proued. They can make friends criimies, & enimies 
friendsjby philters^ turpes Amores ff^c////tr^,enforceloue 3 telany man where b ergjlxt, 
his friends are,about what employed, though in the moft remote places, J^^jj^. 
And if they Willjt bring their [wet beans to them by mght> vpon * Goafs hacke. f ( " a r!av<!unm 

* fyi'S 

Part i.Se&.i. ^ au / gs °f Melancholy. Memb.i. Subf.3, 

48 fty l »& t0 tf)e *y re ' tigif mH *d Scheretz,iusjart*i'cap\$.de jpecl. reports confi- 
t sttriypuptu dcndy , that he conferred with fundry fuch ,thac had beenc fo carried many 
^Smii'm- that nc ncard Witches themfelues confefle as much: hurt and in- 

mbuT/Tfuw- fe£t men and beaftsjVineSjCornejCattle^plantSjmake women abortiue,not to 
9f A tSkfltf § fi m conceauc, barren t mz\\ and women vnapt and vnable^ married and vnmarri* 
Tmwrnlrie- cd,5o leucraJl waycs/aith Boding flic in the ayrc, meet when & where they 
#»• vvilLas Cicogna proucs 3 and LauatJe jpeft.part : 2*c ap: 77. flak young children 

I Plater - in out of their cradles f minifterio daemonum,^- put other deformed in their roomes, 
primm pt*'cep~ which we calichitngelingsfa\ih. * Scheretziusfart'.i.capi 6, make men vi&ori. 
*?» ous,fortunate,cloquent. And therefore in thofe ancient c Monomachies & 

wZm.' 1 ' combats, they were fearched of old, they had no Magicall charmcs; they 
*Lauatet.cicGg. can make d fticlc free's, fuch as fhall endure a rapiers point j or musket ihot, 
tAdJipbus and neucr wounded, c reprefent dead mens fhapes,alter and turne thenr 
Smbsmm. felues & others into feuerall formes ,at their pleafures : Laft of all, cure 
* rkg.mieid. anc j cau f c mo ft difeafes,to fuch as they hate, & this of S Melancboly amongft 
deftribens : * the reft. Paracelfus T 9,4. de morbis awentium, T raft. /. in txprefle words af. 
H<ec fec<c<mmi- rirmes 3 &/ ultifafcinantur in melancholiam, many are bewitched intoMelan. 
fdvwemmtes : cno tyi out °^ ls experience.The fame,faith Danaus 1: 3. de fortiarjs, Vidtjn* 
Q$asveiitsp quit, qui meUncholicos morbos grauifimos induxerunt: I haue fecne thofe that 
ahii durMim- haue cau fed Melancholy in the molt grieuous manner, b dried vpwomem 
h 1 Goielmarmm P A P? €S i cured gout, pal fie, tbisjind LApoplexie \F ailing Skkneffeyohicb no ?hj* 
c*?.T.iib.i. m- ficke could belpe } folo taftu$ by touch a\one*Ru!andin his s-Cent^Cura^piigHKs 
F*frc2T{rf? 211 i n ^ ancc °f onc Vw?d Helde a young man , who by eating cakes which a 
tattu pedagtam, Witch gaue him,*^* delirare ft?/>tfjbegan to dore on a fuddain,& was mad: 
^popiexiam, p j{ m j)j n i /ft/^f/flf jConfulted about a Melancholy man , thought his dip 
u umbos quls eafe was partly Magicall,and partly naturall,becaufe hec vomited pecces of 
median* curare iron andleade,and fpake fuch Languages as hchad neuer becne taught: but 
"i^lftusindc ^ lie ^ examples arc common in Scribanitts,Herc* de Saxoni and others. The 
Mmacm^x. meanes by which they work,arc vfually Charmcs, Im agcs,as that in Heftor 
komliJpb'itra Boet ^ tM °f King Duffe: characters ftamped of fundry mcttals,and at fuch and 
ttfikur fe£f- f ucn conftellations, knots, amulets, words 3 Philters, &c. which generally 
jirantM h** make the parties affected, melancholy«,as k Monauitu diicour(eth at large in 
b quod C TZnem a n Epiftlc of his to ^///« , giuing inilanccma^w«»Baronthatwas 
efficiant me/**- fo troubled, by a Philter taken: Not that there is any power at all in 

zTul!n^' ^ n fp cIls 3' cnarm ^ but that the Diuell 

*3*. f doth v fe fuch meanes to delude them, 

Svssbc 4. 

Siarres 4 eaufcj* S'tgncs from Vhyfiognomy % Met* 
fo fcopy> Chiromancy, 

N AturaS cantes, are cither Primary and Vniverfall^ or Setundary, and 
more Particular. Primary caufes are the Hcaucns, Planets, Starrcs, 
&c by their influence (as our Aftrologers hold; producing this & 
Tuch like ctfefts. I will not heerc (land to difcmTe obiter > whether Starrcs be 
caufcs,or Signes; or to apologize for Iudiciall Aftrology. If cither Sextut 
Emper setts , Pic hs MtratsduU, Sexttts ah Hemsngafererists, Erajltts, Chambers, 


Parci.Sed.2. Cau/esof melancholy, Mcmb.i.Subf.4, 

&c. hane fo farre prevailed with any man,that he will attribute no vcrtue at 49 
all to the Heauens, or ro Sunne and Moone , more then hee doth to their 
fignes,atanIn-kceperspoft,orTradefmansrtiOp 5 or generally condemne 
ail fuch AftrologicaUAphorifmes., approued by experience: Ireferrc him 
to Bellanttus ^Pirovanus \> Mar af caller us ^Goclenius 3 5 r Chr gopher Hey don ejrc: 
If thou (halt askc mc what I thinke 3 I muft 1 anfwer, they doe incline,but not 1 c «w &di. 
compel 1 ? no necemty at all: ™ Agunt, non cogunt: and fo gently incline, that ^ 
a wife man may refift xhcm\faptens dominabitur a/iris : they rule vsjwt God tusfm. 
rules them.All this ( me thinkes) n Johje Indagine hath comprifed in bricfe ^£fi™ ngm 
Quarts a me quantum in nobis operant ur ajlra? ejrc. Wilt thou know how farre the ^aSm'^ 
St arret worke vpon v$t Jfay^ they doe but incline and that fo gently 3 that if we D chirom.iib.^ 
will be ruled by reafon } t hey haue no power ouervs; but if wee follow ourownena- ^Smm^ 
ture } andbe ledby fenjefbey doe as mucbinvS) as in brute beajls, and wee are no rantur afiraHU 
better.So that 5 l hope,l may iuftly conclude with Caietan, that Ccelum is ve* *°™nesiM*. 
hiculum divine virtutis that the HeaucnisGodsInftrument, by media- arimoTpmfc 
tion of which jhe gouemes & difpofeth thefe elementary bodies; or a great qui 
bookc.whofc letters arc the ftarres/as one cals it)wherein arc written many ^lT^r U i m 
ftrange things tor fuch as can reade t P or an excellent bar pe^maae by an eminent fequmur ruth- 

workemanjon which, he that can but pUy > will make mofl admirable muficke* But nem M <$ci- 
, r r J J antfnveron*. 

to the purpole. ruram,id agert 

q Paraetljus is of opinion jf/^fa vhyfitian ^without the knowledge of flarres^ qwdin brutu 
can neither vnder /land the caufe or cure of any difufe, either of thiiyorgout, no ^o%i untvef>i , 
not fo much as toothache: Except he fee the peculiar geniture and Scheme of the culm divk* ' 
party affecled. And for this proper malady, hee will haue the principalland ™m^cum 
"primary caufe of it proceede from the Heauen , alcribing more to Starres Tumfa^nflul 
then humors, 1 & that the confiellation alone 5 many times ^roducctb melancholy, enua, Vm tie- 
all other eaufes fet apart. HegiucsinftanceinLnnatickpcrfons, that are dc- ^ n ^lnaT& 
praued ofihcir wits by the Mooncs motion 5 and in another place, refcrres disbonk.Th. ds 
all to the Afcendent,and w:ll haue the true & chiefecaufe of it to befought ?S cmuam 
from the Starres.Neithcr is it his opinion only, but of many Ga/enifts & Phi- Vulndmifie 
lofophersj though they not fo ftifly and peremptorily maintaineasmuch. quafiiyraabe*- 
This variety of 'melancholy fymptomes , proceedes from the Starres 3 faith f Me- ct ^'f^ m .r 
Unfthom The moft generous melancholy, as that of Augu/lus 3 comes from VnciZatlfqui 
the coniun&ion of Salurne and Iupiter in Libra: the bad, as that of Catilines ^ncm^mOi 
from the meeting of Satnrne and the Moone in Scorpio, lovianus font anus in ti^TzSi 
his io.booke 5 and i^ChapJerebusc&leftibus,6ifcomkthtothispurpofe2t pbmfmu. 
large.E* atra bile vat if qenerantur morbi ejrci 1 many difeafes proceed from black ]Jf e ^^ t 
cholera it jhallbe hote or cold: and though it bee cold in its owne nature , yet it is 7/&Tnift gene- 
apt to be heated^ as water may be made to boyle, and burne as bad as fire : or made frnfcfvmt, ne 
cold as he: ejr thence proceed fuch variety of fymptomes^fome madjomc folitary, ^mjept 
fome laugh, (ome rage tjrc* The caufe of all which intemperance, he will haue gra. 
chiefly and primarily proceede from the Hcauens, *firom the petition of Mars, r c f? e ^"} n 

■ \ % i* a 1 •/ 1 t f ' ~ . ' I J ' caufa e(t: &m- 

Saturne^nd Mercury. His Aphonlmes be thefe: x Mercury tn anygentturtLj^ fkmtta c«h 

tnorbum bunt 

mavetjnterd'im ommbm afamotis.Etalibi.O>igoemac*lopetendaefl. TrMmorbis ameraium. f lib. bumo- 
rib Ei vanctxt in Meh cb la, babet cskftcs caufas. o* .<$.&%. in is . c^o*. &Q.'mm. 1 Ex atra bile vary gener an- 
turmo'bijc'indc ut if (e mult urn ctt'idi antfriitdiinfe babuerit^quum utriq, (ufcipiendo quam aptifftma fit, tametft fuapte naturU 
JrigHa fit. Annon aqmfic affcitur a. colore ut ardeat^ a fiigore,ut in glaciemconcrefcat,& h<ec varietas diflinftianum,a!jf fient 3 
rident &c. u Banc ad intemperantiam gigiendam plurimmi confert c? & <J" pofttm $ &c. * 5? Quptiei aSkum gmitwa in tig 
& X adve/fo Jignopofitusjhmfcapum partiliter temr'tl, at% etiam 4 cT vel ? □ raditfpercujfus fntrH^atm ab mfaaia vcxatitw* 

3 if 

Paru. Scd.i. Cj«/« ofMelanchofy. Memb.i.Subf^ 

50 if he fall be fount in Virgo or Pifces bis opfofite ftgue, and that m the Horojcope, 
Irradiated by thofequartile Afreet* of Saturne or Mars, tbechilde fallbe mador 
i$ld<f&& meUncholy. A2ain 5 y He that fall 'bane Saturne or Man ,the one culmtnat/ng y 
the other in the 4 .bou{^ whenbefallbeborne, fallbe melancholy, ofvhichhee 
rum vmouio , fall he cured in time ,tf Mercury behold them. * if the Moem be tn coniunftton or 
c*m m iw.em ^ tti(fn(lt t \ }e y trt \ } time .votth^he Sun, Saturne, or Mars ^ or in a quart He a. 

/heel with them, ( e malo uli loco , heouitius addcs) many difeafes arefgntfied t 
mi fmabimj e /p cc j a it Y t y Head and Br nine ts like to be mifaffecled mh permt tous humors, to 
% tUos mxdU ' be melancholy Junatiehor mad.Cardan ^Acs.quartd luna /w/^Eclipfcs 3 Earth. 
*hh configu- quakes. Garcxus and Leovitius will haue the chicfc Iudgemcnt to bee taken 
miouenmi, |- fom L ofC | f t he geniturc, or when there is no afpeft betwixt the Moon 
ZmZTZp- and Mercury M neither behold the Horojcope: or Saturn zndMars (hall be 
m. L or d f t i ie precedent conjunction or oppofaion in Sagittary oxPijcespi the 

Sunne or Moonefiich perlor.s are commonly Epilepticke , dote, Da?monia- 
cail, Melancholy: butfeemoreofthefe Aphoiilmes in the abouc named 
Pont anus. Garc/tts cap t 2 jJf lud.genitur. SchonerAib.ixap^S % which hee hath 

* ?tohm<e;<s gathered out of a Ptolomy,Albu'oAter, and tome other Arabians Junttwe$w 
centHovtw, & zov ius>Undbout,Origan &ci but thefe men you will reieclpcradventure, as 

Aftroiogcrs,and therefore partial! iudges, heare the teftimon y of Phy. 
metoncboiiccrit fitians, Galen/ fs themfclues. b Cf^confclTeth the influence offtarresto 
®7uminHwn ,lauc a S reat nanc * in foisldifakfo ^ otn ta f** Pratenfis, Lonicerus prafat, de 
erum m^cn- A ^ ex ^^ u ^ nas ^ f erne li us fa c . c P* Cnemand^r acknowledged the ftarres 
b jint Medi- an vnivcrfall cau(e,the particular from parents 5 from thevfeof the fix non- 
ku"Zfaafl naturall things. Baptifla PortamagJib- i\CAp\io\u:i$\ will haue themcaufes 
ahnes fydcrii. to cuery particular /W/x//V«»w Jnllances and exampIes,to evince the truth 
viurimummci- Q f t ^ f Aphorifmes, are common amoneft ihofe AfUoIogian Tteatifes; 

tant ©» provo' » V". • n 'it- 1 

amt influentue C*rd<i* in his 37 geniture 5 giues inftanccin Math. Bologmus, Camerar.bor.M. 
crte/les. Ve.'eu- talit,centur^.genit.o'.ejr 7 >of Daniel oV^and others: but fee Garc^us cap.^: 
\ H u$lm LucGaurictts Trail .6: de ^4zemenU % &t. The time of this Melancholy is, 
fyceUJemei. when the fignificators of any genitureare direcled according to Art, as the 
Hor: moone 3 Hylech &c: to thehoftilc beames ortermes of and g efpe* 
cialIy 3 or any fixed ftarre of their nature, or if by his revolution^ or tranfu 
tits /hall offend any of thofe radicall promhTors in the geniturc. 

Other fignes there are taken from Phyfiognomie, Mctopofcopy, Chiro* 
mancy.whichbecaufc/^ ^/»^/#^and Roman , the Landgraueof/"^//j 
his Mathematician 5 not long llncc in his Chiromancy ; Baptfla Pertain his 
celeftiall Phyfiognomy,hauc proued to haue great affinity with Aftrology; 
to fatisfie the curious,! am the more willing to infert. 
1 10. de indag. The gencrall notions d Phyfiognomers giue 3 bc thefc:5/i^^ colour, argues 
t . 9 . MmtdtM naturall melancholy: Jo doth leanneffejhirfuteneffe^jbroad veines, much haire on 

• caput pi rvU the browes foith « Gratanarohs eap. 7 \ and a little Head, out of <^4ri(lotle 5 high 
jtu babentjce- fanguine,red co!our 3 argucs head melancholy; they that ftutter and are bald, 
t^nmpt wil1 bc fooncft m . cIa ncholy ^as ^Avicenn* fuppofeth ) by rcafon of the dry. 

neflfe of their braines: but hee that will know more of the feuerall figncs of 
^MetncboiA humors ) ancl wits out of Phyfiognomy, let him confulc with old Adamantus 
ruhmdi.m- and Ffto^.thatcommentjor rather paraphrafe vpon Ariflotles Phyfiogno- 
wAdmcMm- my ^aptifla Porta foure plcafant bookes, Michael Scot de feeretis xatura> 
Gakii*? %l ' ' Iohn & Indagwe, MentaltHS^ Antony Zara^nats ingeniorum^fecl.i, memb.ij. 

&lib t 4 % Chi« 

Part.i.Se& 2. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.i,Sub£ ji 

Chiromancy hath thefe Aphorifmes to foretell melancholy. TafneirMK 51 
S.cap.2: who hath comprehended the fumme oilohn delndagine: Tricaffus, 
Corvinusjuid others,in his book ,thus hath it: f The Saturnine line going from * Sitmn ' lM * 
the Rafcetta through the band Jo Saturnes mount, and there interfered by certain drmmamm" 
little lines y argues melancholy, fo if the Vitali And ?{jturall make an acute angle, decmm % ufa 
<-^phori(me 100 % The Saturntnefipaticke.and Naturall lines , making agroJJk_j j£ ^rn?°T 
triangle tn the hinder gue as much \ which Goclenius cap,ji Chirof: repeatcs patvU imek in- 
verbatim out ofhim.lngenerally they conclude all , that \$ Saturnes mount ter M*> wguit 
be full of many fmall lines and interfe&ions, g fuch men are mojl part melan* ^w^™' 
cbolj jnt[er able, and fullof difauietneffey care, and trouble, continually vexed with 6 AgitaruurmU 
anxious and bitter thoughts, ah ay f orrow full. fear efull, fujpitious : they delight in 
huibandry,buildings,pooUs,marfyei y fprings,wodsjx>alkes &c, Thaddeus Hag- w $ mquam 1 
gefus'm his Metopofcopia, hath certaine Aphorifmes deriucd from Saturnes M^uejberi 
lines in the fore-head, by which he collects a melancholy difpofition.-and ^Mamanffi- 
h Bapti(la Porta makes obferuations from thofe other parts of the body, as if mummcogita- 
afpotbeouerthcfplecne^ 1 or inthenailes, if it appear e blacke 3 it fgnifeth S^L^S' 
much care ,grie{efontention,and melancholy .-Thereafon hereferres tothehu- mtituioficogt 
mours 3 and giues inftance in himfelfe , that for feuen yeares ipace, had fuch tatlmei /»»'» 
continuall blacke fpots in his nailes 2 & all that while, was in perpetuall Law* ^Ja&ai* 
fu tes,controverfies for his inheritance, feare, lofTe of honour, banifhment, mart & falu- 
griefc^are &c. and when his miferies cnded.the blacke fpots vaniflied. Car- f^f ^/Sf* 
^»inhisbookc^//^/^r^r^/,tellsfuch another ftory of his owncperfon, ^cdtiuviL 
that a littk before his fonnes death 5 he had a blacke Ipot, which appeared in wmMjo. 
one ofhisnailes' which dilated it felfe, asheecame neerer to his end. But I rZ?£ll'3lh 
am oner tedious in tncle toyes, which nowioeuer, in lomc mens too feuere uitgpiu mgr* y 
cenfures,they may be held abfurd and ridiculous, I am the bolder to infert, f 
as not borrowed from circumforanean Roaguesand Gipfies,but out of the ntfcaniabfu* 
writings of worthy Philofophers,and Phyficians, yet lining fome of them, m ™ in sards- 
andRegious Profeflbrsin famous Vniuerfities , who are able to patronize tdl ' 
that which they hauefaid , and vindicate thcmfelues from all cavillers and 
ignorant pcrfons. 

Svzsbc. J. 
Old age a caufzj\ 

SEcundary, peculiar caafes, efficient, fo called, mrefpccl: of the other 
precedent,are chhcvcongenit4,intern<e, innata, as they tcrme them, in* 
ward,innate,and inbred: or els outward and adventitious, which hap. 
pen to vs after we arc bornetcongenitc or borne with vs,are either naturall, 
as ottigtpr prater naturam ( 2s b Ferneliusc2il\s it) that diftemperature, l^u^' 
which we haue from our Parents feede , it being an hereditary difeafe. The c A»« mim 
firft of thefe which is naturall to all,and which no man liuing can auoide, is ma ^ 
c oldc agc^which being cold and dry',and of the fame quality as melancholy «£&r *utm 
is,muft needes caufcit,by diminution of fpirits and fubftancc,and increafing toffitmeffemO. 
of aduft humors. Therefore * MeUnBho»zvtXT(:$o\\toiAriftotle,zszx\vx\' l^oiTbikc 
doubted tru thjene s pler»n% delirajfe in fenefta, that old men familiarly dote, «> capJe hum' 
ob atram bilempi blacke cholcr,which is then fupcr-abundant in them. And 


Part.i. Se&.i. Cattfes ofMelancbcty*. Memb.i.Subf6. 

%z Khifis that Arabian PhyfitianinhisC<?^//£./.^4>« callsit c a neceffary and 
e Ne&fmm in/sparable accident y to aU old and decrepit perfons. After t yo yeares ( as the 
pllt&bfe^' Plaimi ft i^ith J aH is trouble and forrow, and common experience conflrmes 
rattle. J the tructh ofic a in all weakc old perfons,efpccially in fuch as hauc liucd in a* 
^Mttcllll' ^ lon a ^ tns * r liiies>and haue had great employment, much bufinefTcjmuch 
UpS.i. ag ' command,and many Icruants to ouer-fee 3 & leauc oftexabrupto: as { Cbarles 
%Smt marop, the nft did to King Philips refigne vp all on a fudden: they are ouercorne with 
T,&%fia!T melancholy in an inftant. Or if they doe continue in fuch courfes, they dote 
fimifyiwi~, atlaft, ((enexbti ptter) and arc not able to manage their cftatcs , through 
™iruUc a 'ene common infitmities incident to their age: full of ache , forrow, and griefe, 
flute. S children againe/lizardcs, the Carle many times as they fit, and talke to the- 
h Lib.z.dcAU- fclues 5 they arc angry, wafpifh, difpleafcd with cuery thing, fttfpitiow ofall y 
timMml Myv*rd>cou?tousJ)ard ( faith Tully ) [elfe mlied % ft4pertfitiot*s 3 felfe conceited, 
hmh t pbitauti, braggcrs t and admirers of tbemfelues^ as g Ba/tbajar Caftal/ohzth truely noted 
iirffi/St~ ° lfinem « This natural! infirmity is mo ft eminent in old women, and fuch as 
3*,^ arepoore, folitary , liue in moft bafe eftceme andbeggery , or fuch as 
i Lib. 3. de it- arc witches; lnfomuch that merits^ Bapt/fla Porta, Vlricus Molitor , Ewichus 
W'>cap.ii,& doe refcrrc all that witches are faid to doe, to Imagination alone, andthis 
k soitmmifm humourof melancholy. And whereas it is controverted, whether they can 
l 0l&!tnvJ t bcw " chcattell ^ c: to death, ride in the Aire vpon a cowlftaffe , out of a 
infantum™^, cnirany top,tranfformc themfelues into CattesjDogges,&c: tranflatc bo- 
1 corrupta eft dies from place to placcjmeete in companies, and daunce 5 as they doe, or 
MtancS hai,e carna11 copulation with the Divell , they afcribe all to this redundant 
fhmtafa. Ny- melancholy,which dominecres in them,to k fomniferous potions,, and na. 
Mutant r e it. tUraJi Caufes 3 tne Diuels policy-Mw Udunt omntno (faith merus) ant quid mi- 
dre,qumbnoH rum fact unt (de Lamijs hb-j.cap < 36) ut putatur y folamv/tiatambabent pbantt* 

iliS'hec ' ^ am '' 00 ^ 1C ^ wonc ^ crs al a ^> on ty their 1 Braines are crazed.™ Jhef 

i™$mZnh tfonkctbey are Witches^n dean doe hurt. but doe not* But this opinion Boding E* 
vim refme c<h ra^s^anaus^crtbanius^n^ Dandinus the Icfuite,//£.2.*k Antma explode 
£ 3nd n c ' e ?g" a confutes at large. Thar witches are melancholy, chey deny 

remprotfm not but not out of a corrupt phantafie alone a fo to delude therafeluei and 
bormfuicepaut others,or to produce fuch effects, 


S V B s s c. 6* 

, .„ Parents a caufe_jby propagation^ m 

fLib.x.eap.u. ' * ^ 

nartbritid ' | T Hat other inward inbred can fe of Melancholy, is our temperature, 
* P nfi(fL I in wholc »° l part, which we rcceiue from our Parents .which t Feme* 
tam pijeffio- ^calls^r^r^/*r4^,orvnnaturall,it being an hereditary difeafe.' 
mmqukmmor. for as he iuftines, parentum maxime patrisfemen ebtigerit t tales evadunt 
bgumhtndtt fi m ' t i Am ^ fptrmatk^, partes \quocun^ tttam morbo fater quumgenerat tenetur, 

1 fecre- cum femine transfer t m prolem: Such as the temperature of the father is fuch 
tr^fZt isthe ^ onnCs 5 and looke what difeafc the father had when hec begot him, 
ht he qubd^ ^ch his fonne will haue after him/ and is as wellinberitour of bis infirmities 

%"t Zlrltt ** °f hn lAnAu wbere the com P lexton an * conftitutton of tbe father is cor* 

fMoscmupue ru ?*' there (k\t\i r Roger Bacon)tbe complexion andconflitutioncf tbe fott mufi 
tmflexkms, &c m ^f mi , } mmi t ^ m de cay f a f e m tu^ia,&fK derivator corrupt* * ptribuSt ad fihs. 


Part.i,Se£t.2. Cmjesof Melancholy, Memb.i.eaibf % 6 

needts be corrupt^ and fo the corruption ii deriued from the father ^ iothefonne^j a 5 3 
Now this doth not fo much appcarc in the compofition of the Body 3 accor- 
ding to that of f Hippocrates , in habit proportion jcarres, and other lineament s\ 1 v ^ Am 
but tn manners and conditions of the Minder : ^ gE^** 

Bt patrum in natos abeunt cum femine mores* cicatrices mis 

Seleuzm had an anchor on his thigh,& fo had his pofterity, as 71 rogus records fj*™}*' 
Ub.i s.Lepiduj in Pliny lib. 7 ,cap.z7 t was purblind,and fo was his forme. That Jx^JcTvewm 
famous family of ^Enobarbi^ wereknowneof old, fo furnamedftom their weffum^efiut, 
redbeardes, the lip, and ihofc fndians flat nofes are propagated, n ^ mxhoi 

che^^r/^chinne, and goggle eyes amongft the lewes, as c Buxdorfius ^sjnagog. ul 
obferues: their voyee,pacc,gefturc,iookcs,is likewife deriued, and all the reft 
of their conditions and infirmities; fuch a mother, fuch a daughter; their ve- 
ry "aftefrioRS Lemmus contends to follow their (eede.and the malice and bad con- " A ^ im r P a * 
ditions of children, are many times xohoUy to be imputed to their Parents. 1 neede trmfcum , & 
nor therefore make any doubt of Melancholy ,but chat it isan hereditary dif- fminm mob* 
cafe.* Paracelfus in exprefle words affirmes ic libJemorb.amentium T o.j.Tr.r ^,S^ 4 
fo uoth ycrato in anEpiftle of his to Mona-viusSo doth Bruno Seidelius in his c^.de occult. 
booke de merb. incur ab. Mont alt us proues cap.ii. out of Hippocrates and T^™' itofo 
r^rc^that fuch hereditary difpofuions are frequent, hane (incjuit) fieri } ltu ^cTbiit 
rcorcbpartic/pttammelancholicawiritemperantiam, fpeaking of a Patient: I ofisbtbcfi,&ii- 
thinke hebecame fo by participation of Melancholy. * Forceps in bis medi- 2fctSS! 
cinallobferuations,illuftrates this point, with an example of a Merchant his doiici! 
Patient, thachad this infirmity by inheritance. Lodovicus Mercat&saSpA' *^M74.«* 
nifo Phyfitian, in that excellent Tr^cl:, which hec hath lately written of turmbifcumillit 
hereditary difeafes,T^.2'(?^r.//Af.rec*koris vpLeprofie, asthofc *Galbots aiiutr^&uM 
m6afcinf t hertdiixy Lcpers,Pox,Stone,Gout,Epilepfie&c: Amongft the ^clmmdm 
rcft,thi.s,and MadneflTe after 2 fct time^comes to many,which he calls a mrra- bum affm. i*. 
culous thing in Naturc,ar.ditickes for euc t to them as an incurable Habite. telejjiulibjrfk 
And that which is more to be wondred at , it skippes in fome Families the ^ t ^ mi 
Father ,and goes to the Sonne, b or takes cucry ether ; andfometimes euery third *'cbfer- 
in a line all de [cent, and doth not almyes produce the fame Jut f melikejtnda (ym« *' G „ 
Mixing difcafc-jXhcfc fecundary caufes fo deriued,arc commonly fo pow- b s *fflf m "fl 
erfull,that(as c ^jfo/holdes) fiepe mutant dtcrela fyderum, thcydoeoften hmfftdfwi- 
altcr the primary caufes,and decrees of the heauens.For thefc rcafons belrke 
the Church and common-wealth, humane and diuine Lawcs, haue confpi- pmnte, trmfi 
red to avoide hereditary difeafes, forbidding fuch marriages as arc any whit '?^ m '' fik 
allied; and as Mercatus aduifcth all Familics,to take fuch/ fieri pofiit qu<ema~ gmturuUati* 
xime difiant natural to make choice of thofc that are tnoft differing in c5- 
plcxion from them: if they louc their owne> and refpedt the common good. 
And furc,l thinkc, that ithathbeenc ordered by Gods efpeciall providence, 
thar in all ages there ihould be (asvfuallythercis^ once in d rfooycares, a * * tiintd W* 
tranfmigration of Nations, to amend and purifie their brood, as wee alter 
feed vpon our Land,and that there fhould be, as it were, an inundation of 
thofc Northerne Gothes and randales ^Scythians ,and many fuch like Nations, 
which came out of that Continent of S candid and Sarmatia ( as fome ftp* 
pofe ) and ouer ranne as a delugc,moft parts of Europe and Africke^sfQ alter 
for our good, our complexions, which were much defaced with hereditary 
infirmtiiesjWhich by our luft and intemperance wc had contracted. A found 

H genera- 

Part.i.Sed.2. Cajfes of melancholy. Mcmb.i.Subf.tS. 

\± "generation of ftrong & able men were (ent amongft thofe Northcrnc 
nien vfually are, innocuous, free from riot, and free from difeafcs.-toqua- 
litie and make vs as thofe poore naked Indians are generally at this day j and 
. CIau ^ a . thofe about Brafiie (as a late e Writer obfcrucs; in the Iflc ot Maragnanfi CQ 
bavMe capu- f rom a n hereditary difeafes, or other contagion, whereas without hcipe of 
chian,mhis ph y fi ckc t h cv ij U e commonly noyeares ormorc>as inthcOrcbades , and 
SpS^*** many other placcs.Such are the common eft'efts of tcmperance,and intern. 
tap..^. [^m9 perance-but I will defcendto particulars, and (hew by what meanes,andby 

buflo cnoote, fM ex (entbm nati/aro [tint fir mi temper amentiplCi mens children are lcl- 
vhunt (boat ^ ome Q f a g 00£ j temperaments Scoltzms (uppofeth/^/»/f. 777 ,and there- 
S£ fore moft apt to this difeafe : and as £ Levinus Lemnius farther addes , olde 
idem' Hetior men De g ec mo \\ part wayward^eevifh/ad^elancholy fonncs 3 and leldomc 
ZfoycklI:& mcrry.He that begets a childe vpon a full ftomacke , will either hauc a ficke 
a childe.or a crazed fbnnc (as S Cardan thinkes contradict, 
GoesdeScsndiA 7 ^ Qr if t h e Parents be ficke,or haue any great paine of the head 3 as megrim, hc*dachc(fJieronwtts, h mlfim doth inftancc in a child of Scbaftian Caftalio's) 
rctrimpiermq, or jf a drunken man get a child,it will neuer likely haue a good braine^s Gel- 
^mJm^Zl t /us argues/. i2>cj .Ebrij giqnunt ebriojpne drunkard begets another(faith 
(la rmlsex'bl- iplutarcb fy mp. 1. 3. qua ft. $)whofe fentence ^Lemmus approues Li'C.j./Jferm 
laram, Genuenfk ide quifitjned-cent.s^foLi $ z.Macrobim \lib.i . Avtcenna lib.s.Fen.2i y 
reptehnTpcf- Trac7-r.cap.8jnd ^riftotle himfclfe^^./.pc^.^.foolifh^runken, or hairc- 
fiannj& fiittqui braine women 3 moft part bring forth children like vnto themfelues, morofot 
mm gi^umtur, , ^ ^ an( j ^ li^ cw ifc^he that lies with a menftruous woman. Intern- 
out (loiidi, perantia Veneris 5 quam in nautis prsdertim iniectatur 1 Lemnius^ qui uxorcs 
h J)ial - W*fi x * incuritJiulra menftruidecurfusrationehabita,necobfervato interluvio.pre- 

Lcovitto ■ - 

i L''cduc. cinua caufa eft 5 noxiajpcrnitiofa,& quarta luna concepti 3 infaeiiccs plcrumq; 
Uhr.s. &amentes,deliri>ftolidi, omnibusbonis corporis atqjanimi dcitituti:^/^ 
k Deoccuh.nit. y t , mquit Euflathiuspi Hercules ,& alii. m ludti maxime infectantnr 

tnir. teruulen.* ™ ■ * • i j / n t • « .... . , 

(tr.flabdx.tmtii- icedum hunc,& immundiim apudchrtfttanos concubitum,& ut llhcitumab' 
cm libem pie- horrcnt.apud fuos prohibent: & quod Cbrtfltani toticsleprofi,amentes, tot 
™ib?fmde7 mt morbillLtam multi morbi Epidemici,acerbi,& vencnofi imt 3 in hunc immfr 
1 Lib % cap.*. dum concubitu rejiciunt 3 & crudeles in pignora vocant 3 qui quarta luna pro. 
n° ccult ' mt ' fluente hac menfium illuvie concubitu hunc non perhorrefcunt. Damnavit 
Good Maftcr olim divina Lex, & mortemul6Tavithujufmodinomines,2L^.7^ ^<7.&indc 
d Ch ° otE 1 *"' nat ' J ^ ^ c ^ ormes auc mutili,pater dilapidatus.quod non cotineret ab n im« 
lift this. " S mundamulicre. Cregortus Magnut$titm\LAuguflirio nunquid apud Ir'u 
m Buxdorjius tannos huiufmodi concubitum toleraret/evere prohibuit ? viris fuis turn mif- 
ujMi.synag. C Q X {{ XXXi \ n ^ m confuetis fuismenftruis &c; 1 fpare to Engliflh this which I 
Ezek.<8. hauefaid. Another caufefomegiue 3 inordinate Diet, asifamaneategar- 
vDYufmobferu. li c kc s onions 5 or faft over'much 5 or ftudy too hard, or be ouer-forrowiull, 
^isldatdMJl* dull } heavy,/^/r^/7^^faith P Cardan fubtiUtb.i8.)w$llbe(ubietftomddnet 
Iib.ijcap.z7. and melancholy : for if tbefttrits of the braine be fujled > or mif, affe Sled by fucb 

"nm^/im A f ^ 4 ^) ^ ^ ^ ^ they will be dull, 

cmbri f t mm beauyfitfcontented all their Hues, Some are ofopinion 3 aad maintainc that Pa- 
waTjrTre radoXC or ProbIemc,that wife men beget commonly fooles: and which q£- 

ant, & quaks fmltit afeflus,tdts pBmm: e* triflibfti trifles, ex 'wmak wemdi nafemtur &c. i Fol.u^ma. Socratc* 
children were fooks. Sabtl, 


Part i.Se&.z. Parents a cmfe m Memb.i. Sub£& 

rafmus vrgeth in his Morta ,fboics bcgcc wife men. Cardan fubt. /2 } giues 55 
this caufe, quoniam fpiritus (apientum ob ftitdium refolvuntur^ ejr in cerebrum 
feruntur acordei becau/cthcirnaturallfpiritsarcrcrblucdby ftudy, andtur* 
ncd into animall,drawne from the Heart, & thofe other parts to the braine. 
1 Lemnius fubfcribes to that oiCardan y and aflignes this reafon, quod perfol- *£* h ' T * 
vant debit urn languid}^* ofcitanter, unde foetus a parentuw generofttate defcif- mirf" 1 *'***' 
fit: they pay their debt fas Paul calls it) to their wiues 3 remhTcly, by which 
meanes their children are weaklings, and many times idiots and fooles. 

Some other caufes are giuen, which properly pertaine to, and proceed 
from the mother: ]fl"he be oner •dull 3 heauy,angry-peeuifh,(Hrcontented,& 
melancholy ,not only at the time ofconception, but euen all the while fhee 
carries thechilde in her wombe/faith Ferneliuspatb.lib.r.cap»ii.)hct fonne ^Pf 0eeultMt * 
will be fo likewife affecled,and worfe,as f Lemnius zddesjib^cap:?. If (hee Pica, m«vbu$ 
grieueouer-much^edifquietedjOrbyanycafuaky bcaffrighted,and tcrrir m f iaum - , 
fled by fome fearefull obieft, heard or fcenc, fhee endangers her child 5 and k^ptd™* 
fpoiles the temperature of it: for the ftrange Imagination of a woman, Exieporum m. 
works effectually vpon her Jnfant,that as Bapttfla Porta proues, Phi/fog: ccele. fJ^f^J^ 
/^//^f.w^.fheeleauesamarkevpon it , which ismoftefpecially leenein fido fuperme ' 
fuch as prodigioufly long for (uch and fi)chmeats 3 tHe child will loue thofe iabeUo - 
meats, faith Fernelius, and bee addi&ed to like humours : t Jf a great-bellied u^m^apfu. 
xooman fee a Harejoer child willofien biue an Hate Up^s we call iuGarcaus de lu< >'« r > per emnem 
dicitsgeniturarum cap: ^.hath a memorable example of one Thomas Nickell v ^ m ^ eb ^ t 
borne in the cicty of Bra»debtirge,A° rssr* u that voent feeling and jiaggering vidaJriLnfo- 
all the dares of his life , as if he would fall to the ground , becaufe his mother being mini ff >ncedt- 
great With childefaw a drunken man fo reeling m the flreet.Such another I finde ^ciuem" facie 
in Martin iVenrichius t com:de orta monftrorumjap'.j /.I faw(faith he Jat ivitten- cadamofa, qui 
bergein Germany,* Cittizcn that looked likcacarka{Te,t/ < *fW^/^c4»/d' j t'^'f^ b ^ 
he replyedjjis mother whence bore him in her wombe/aw a earkaffe by ehance^ejr nenafci. 
wasfo (ore affrighted wit hit , that Exeo foetus eiaflimulatus ,ftomtbat gaflly Maxima part 
imprefion thechilde was like it. ^!n!fii^ 

So many feuerali waies are we plagued and punifhed for our fathers de- obrem pndare 
faults: Infomuch, that as Fernelius truely faith, x it is the greatest part of 'our hum ™n tn M 
felicity to be well homeland it were weH for humane kinde y ifonely fuch parents as returj^pa-* 
are found of body and minde, fbould be fuffered to marry* An husbandman will ren *« bme ha ' 
fowe none but the bed and choifeft feed vpon his land, hec will not reare a luoferm*^ 
Bullor an Horfe,except he be wcllfhapen inallparts ,or permithim toco- rent, 
ver a Mare, except heebe well aflured of his breed: wee make choice of the yi ! t f mte !'/ l ft" 
beft Rammes for our fhecpe,and reare the neatcft Kine , keep the beft Dogs, ^SIls 
quanto id diligent ius inprocreandis liberis obferudndumt And how careful then '•jw/'.MH 
fhould we be in begetting of our children?In former times fome y countries 
haue beenc fo chary and prouident in this behalfe , & fo ftcrne_, that if a child cent, ad Belgas, 
were crooked or deformed in body or minde, they made him away : fodid JM^?*? - 
the Indians of old by the relation of Curtius^nd many other well gouerncd mtmlmmpar 
commonwealths,accordingtotheDi(ciplinc of thofe times. Heretofore 
in Scotland fiixh * Hector Boethus, if any were viptedwith the falling fickneffe y meti 

* LibA.Dcvcterum Satorum moribus. Morbocomitiali, demetia, mania, lepra &c. aut fimili lake, qu* facile mprolem tranfmittU 
tur,kboranteihtercos,mienufac1aindagine y mientos s negem feda ctntagme Udetclur, exiiinataycaflraHerioi^muliem huiup 
modi proculavirormconforuoablegarHnt,qi{od fibamm aliqua concept^ inwtiekatttr,frmi4 cjmftetu nmdum cdito, dtfodiebfr 
tar viva. 

Hi pr 

Part.uSc&2. C au f ef of'melancbolj. Meoib.i.Subti; 

5 6 or madnejfe gout Jeprofieyr any fuch dangerous difeafe, which vpms likely to be fro* 
pagated from the father to the (onncjsc was inftantly gelded: a woman kept from all 
company of menxejr if by chance hautngfomefuch difeafe,fbe were found to be with 
childe,fhe with her brood were buried aliue: and this was done for the common 
good, lcaft the whole nation ftiould bee iniured or corrupted, Afcuerc 
doome you will fay,and not to be vfed amongft Chriftians,yet more to bee 
looked into then it is. For now by our too much facility in this kindc , in gi. 
uing way for all to marry that will,or too much liberty and indulgence in 
tolerating all forts,therc is a vaft confufion of hereditary difcafcs 3 no family 
fccure,no man almoft free from fome grieuous infirmity or other,when no 
choice is had, butftill the eldeft muft marry, asfomanyftallionsof the 
Race,or if rich,bc they fooles or dizzards 3 (ame or maimed, vnable 3 intempe- 
*mhoml* ratc,diiTolutc 3 exhauft through riot ? as he £ud, a iure hareditario fapere iuben* 
Uyr. turnkey muft be wife and able by inheritance; it comes to pafle that ourgc- 
neration is corruptee haue many wcakc pcrfons both in body and minde, 
many ferall difeafes raging amongft vs,crafed fomilies,our fathers bad, and 
we arc like to be worfe. 

Me mb. 2. 

S V B S H C. I. 

h Fecit mm* Bad diet acaufe. Sub [lance. Quality of meats, 

delitta qu* fieri 

fixwTaml A C° rd, ' n g to m y propofed methodjiauiug opened hitherto thefe fe- 
te, & e* fue~ /~\ cundary caufes 3 which ate inbred with vs; I muft now-proceed to 
ruHt caufe ex : tne outward and aduentitious, which happen vnto vs after wee arc 

bmpoflexlnl home. And thofe are either Evident,Remote, or inward Antecedent, and 
f*nt objimttio' rhe ncareft.-Continent caufes fome call them. Thefe outward,rcmotc, pre* 
"path Bb x cedent caufes are fubdiuided againe 3 into neceffary and not neceffary. Nccejft* 
sap.i.' r/fbecaufe we cannot avoid them,but they will alter vs, as they are vfed,of 
TwZTmmbU abufed)are thofe fixnon-naturallthings,fo muchfpoken of amongft Phyfi. 
vfmobtiMj?- tians 5 which are principal caufes ofthisdifeafe. For almoft in eueryconfuN 
buium, materU tation 3 whereas they {hall come to fpeake of the caufesjthe fault is found, & 
t^nmtc th,s moft P art ob5eac(} to thc patient,/**; circa res fex non n at urates: hec 
tbaen, need hath ftill offended in one ofthofefix. ^/^/tf^^^/z/.^.confultedabouta 
TmlTdtm' Mc ^ ancn0l 7 Icw,giues that fentence , fo did Frifemelioa in the fame place: & 
rfS/««j£ inhis244eounfeIl, cenfuring a melancholy fouldier, giucsthatreafonof 
mtrbifunt.nift his malady 3 b that he offended in all thofe fix non-natural things yvbich were tht 

cufmr ^ cau fi s ^ 0m whtch "'""bofe inward obftruclionsi and fc in thc reft. 
& humor um Thefe fix nonnaturall things 3 are Diet, Retention & Evacuation which 

Ttamddicam arc * noxi: matcrial1 tncn thc °^ ncr j bccau f c they make new matter,or elfe are 
mguta ej m conuerfant in keeping or cxpclliug of it.The other foure arc, Aire,Exercife, 
tmnum mrbo. Sleeping Waking, and perturbations of thc mindc, which oncly alter 

thematter.Thefirftofthefeis Diet,whichconfiftsinmeatanddrinke, and 
"'"or. caufech MclanchoIy,as it offends in Subftance or Accidents, that is quanti- 

ty,quality,or the like. And wellitmay be called a materiallcaufe 3 fince that 
maunumiii as c Ferxeliu* hath it; It hath fuch a power in begetting of difeafes 3 andyeelds the 
McogemccaH. mmcr frfuflenance of them for neither aire^or perturbations y nor Any of thofe 


Part.i.Se&.2. Cau/es of Melancholy. Memb.2..Subf.t 

other euident caufes take place y or rvorke this effecl, except the confitution of 57 
bo^nnik preparation of humours doe concur re. That a man may fay <j his Diet 
is the mother ofdifeafesfet the father b e what he will, and from this alonc_j 
CMelancholy ,and many other maladies an fe % Many Phyfitians, Iconfefle, 
hauc written copious volumes of this one fubie& 5 of the nature and quali- 
ties of all manner of meats^as namely Galen jfaac the lew, Halyabbas^Avi- 
cenna^Mefue^ll Arabians: Gordomus^Tillanouanus } wecker , Johannes Brue- 
rinusfyttolcgia de Efculentis et Poculentis , Michael Sauanarola^Traff. 2, 
cap. 8. Anthony FumaneUusJib,de regimine fenum* Curio in his Comment 
on Schola Sa'lerna, Godefridus Stekim arte med*MarfiliusCagnatus* Fici- 
nusjlanzouius Jonfeca£efiiis ,Magninus regim.fanitatisjrrietagiusjiugo 
Fridevailtusy&c befides many other in d Engli(h,and almoft euery peculi- d c< % m **** 
arPhyfitian, difcourfethac large of all particular meats in his Chapter of 
Melancholy: yet becaufe thefe bookes are not at hand to euery man , I will 
briefly touch what kinde of meats ingendcr this humour . through their fe- 
verall fpecics ,and which are to be avoided. How they alter and change the 
matter spirits firft.and after humours, by which \£ee are preferued, and the 
conftitutionofourbody 3 F^^<f//Wand others willihew you. lhaftento 
the thing it felfe.* And firft of fuch Diet as offends in fubftance. 

Beefe^ ftrong and hearty meat(cold in the firft degrce,dry in the fecond, Bccfe. 
faith Gxlcn lib. 3 cAp.iJe alim.ftc:) is condemned by him, and all fucceeding 
Authors,to breed grofle melancholy blood: Good for fuch as are found, & 
of a ftrongconftitution/or labouring men, if ordered arightj corned, yong, 
ofan Oxe(for all gelded meats in euery fpecies are held beft)or if old, e fuch ' Freta l m < 
as hauc becne tired out with labour, arc preferred. LsSubanus and Sabellicus 
commend PortingaU Bccfe to be the mod fauory,be{Y,and eafieft of digefti* 
on j we commend ours: but all is refected , andvnfit for fuch as lead a refty 
life,or any waies inclined to Melancholy,or dry of complexion '-fales^ Ga« 
len thinkesysfe/jc/// melanchol/cis agritudtnibus capiuntur. " + 

P^'^ofallmeatsismoftnutritiuein his owne nature, but altogether Poifcc 
vnfitforfuchaslhieateafe, or are any waies vnfound of body orminde: 
Too moiftjfull of hum ours,and therefore noxia delicatisfihh Sanavorola, 
ex earum vfu vt dubitetur^an febris quart ana genereturi naught for auealy J f aac k^ 
ftomackes,in fo mnch 3 that frequent vfe of it may breed a quartan ague. ^vmtaudatw 

.SVrzA^r^difcommendsGoatesfleflij and fo doth * Bruerinusjib.ij. qui* meLmcho- 
r^./^.callingit afilthy beaft,and rammifh, and therefore fuppofeth it will 
breed ranke and filthy fubftance: yet Kid, and (uch as are young , and tender, ULm. m ' 
Ifaac accepts. Brueriwtsand Galen lib>i.cap,7. de aliment or um facultatibus. 5 Ma & audit 

Hart jind red Deere S hath an euill name ,ityeeldes groffe nutriment • a r™ aM J^ ut , e 
ftrong and great grained meat, and next vnto a Horfe. Which although fiffn & ^&- 
fbme countries eaters Tartars they of china i yet h Galen condemnes. tribtla ^ am f*?- 
Yong foales are as commonly eaten in Spaine as red Decre 3 and to furnifh mt" dlWm * 
their Navies, about Malaga efpecially ,often vfed, but fuch meats aske long h A fabti- 
baking,on fcething,to qualify them 3 and yet all will not feme. 2'cto& E ^ 
All Fen i fin is melancholy ; and begets bad blood; a plcafant meat ,tn great ^7^nUdlt 
efteeme with vs/for we haue more Parkes in England, then there are in all da e fi 
Europe befides) in allourfolcmne Feafts. Pis fomewhat better hunted, v^f^ 
then otherwilc 5 a ntl wcl1 prepared by cookery, but generally bad 3 & fcldome lowDceic/ " 
tobevfed. H 3 fl are 

Part.t;SecT z. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmta.SubCi; 

58 Hart) a black meat,mclancholy,and hard of digc(tion,it biccdes Incubus 
Htrc. ofccn eaten, andcaufeth fearefull Drcamcs , lodoth all Venifon\ a*dis 
condemned by a lury of Phyfitians. Miz,aldm^\\d fome others, fay, that 
Hare is a merry meat, and that it will make one faire, zsMartials Epigram 
tcftifies to Gellia, but this is per acci dens jDeczufe of the good fport it makes, 
merry company, and good Difcourfe that is commonly at the eating ofir, 
and not otherwifctobevndcrftood. 
Conies. 1 Ccnies are of the nature of Hares. Magnim&s compares them to Bcefe, 

i Parhmabfunt pj 2 anc ] Qozi^Reg. famt.part.jxap.ij.yztyQne Rabbets, by all men areap« 
jracrimf /.13. prouedtobegood. 

cap.ti.puiiomm Generally 3 all fuch meatcs as arc hard ofpigeuion, breed melancholy, 
tmr* & opn. Aretem*;. reckons vp heades and fecte, k bowels, braines, cntrals, 
* {ttaudiblUt marrovv 3 fat 5 blood 3 skinnes,and thofe inward parts, as Heart , lungs, liuer, 
fncci naitfim fplccoe &c. They are reie&ed by ifaack lib. 2 part .j. Magninus part. 3. cap. 
pomemt. Bruerinm lib .1 2 .Savanarola Rub.^2.Tracl.2. 

wake. Milke,and all that conies of milke, as Butter and Chcelc, Curds &c: in* 

{Pifi.Altomar. crca f cmc i anc h ly(Whey only exceptedjwhich is moft wholefome: ! fome 
except AflTes liich as arc found,is nutritiue and good,efpc- 
™ ft™ Frieta- dally for yong children,but becaufc foon turned to corruption, m not good 
giusMagmms. f or fuch as hatie vnclcane ftomack$ 3 orbe fubie<5t to headach,or haue green 
^MmurMu 'de wounds,Stone,&c- OfallCheefes, I take that kindc which we call Banbury 
cffea.iib.ucap. Cheefe to be the beny* vetuftispeftmusjhe. older jftronger,and hardcr,the 
nike °m Wor ft' as Langius difco'irfeth in his Epiftlc to McUntthon^ cited by MizaL 
in H/pocon- dm. lfaacpart.$. Galen. lib. ^.de cibisbvnifucci^i&c % 
driacaii Me- Amongft Fowle, n Peacocks and Pigeons, all fenny Fowle are forbidden, 
Fowic! 1 ' as Ducks l Gecfe,Swans > Hcarnes,Crancs J Coots J Didappers,VVaterhenncs, 
« fvec^er syn- and all thofe Teales.Currcs.Sheldrakes, and pcckled Fowles , which come 
ifiu$Brmi- n,t ' ,er * n w i ntcr out oiScandia^Mufcovy t Greenland % Freijland t which halfe 
md1b.11.c30 the yearebe c'ouered allouer with fnow, and frozen vp. Though thefebee 

H(hc9 ^ re * n ^ catncrs 'P^ ca ^ ant m ta ^ e s anc * nailc a g°°d outfidc, like hypocrites, 
white in plumes,and foft ,their flefh is hard,blacke,vnwholfome,dangerous, 
melancholy meit^gravant ejr putrefaciunt flomachum^ faith Ifaack part.$. 
de vol. their yong ones arc more tollerable, but young Pigeons hce quite 

* Rbajts, and Magninus difcommend allFifh, and fay they breed Vifcofi- 
ties fiimy nutrimentjitle & humorous nouri{hment 5 S*T>4/zW* adds cold, 
moift,and phIegmatickc,//W£;and therefore vnwholefome for all cold and 
melancholy complexions-Others make a diffcrencc,reie&ing only amongft 
frefti water fi(n > Eelc,Tcn(b,Lampray,Crawfifh,(which^/^ approues 
cap.6.)znd fuch as arc bred in muddy and ftanding waters,and haue a tafteof 
mud, as Francifcus Bonfuetus poetically defines, deaquatilibus. 

Nampifces omncs, quuftagna, lacuf^fequentant^ 

f Oml loco & Semper plus fucci deter ioris habent, 

m t 77 ^ l ^ at ^ an<3m S P°°l cs and lakes frequent, 

wm&uT' Doe cucr yccld bad iuyce and nouriftimcnt. 

pr*femm circa Lampreyes P^luslouiuscap. 34 .depifcibusfluvial.h\^\ym^gW£c^ and 
f £TZT faith^ionefpeakcagainft them but mepti zndfcrupulofi, fome fcrupulous 
Wftrntyfi. pejfonsjbut be abborrctb in all places t at alltimc^all Phyfitians 


Part.i,Se&.2,. Diet a caufe. Memb.2. Subf.i. 

jkteft them, efyeu ally about the SolJlice.Gomefius lib. i. fale doth immo. $9 
derately extollall'Sea fifh, which others as much vilific,and abouc the reft, 
dryed.fowced^nduratefifrhas Ling.FumadoSjRed herrings, Sprats, Stock- 
nYh,Habbcrdine 5 poore Iohn,all fhellfifh,q Tim.Br/ght excepts Lohftar and ^dofM^ 
Cxab.Mejfarius commends Salmon jWhich Bruermus contradicts lib. 22. cap. lancholy. 
ij.Magmnus reie&s Congre,Sturgeon. ) Turbut J Mackerell,Skate. 

Carpe, is a fi(h,of which 1 know not what to determine. Francifcus Bon- 
fret us accompts it a muddy ftihjF/ppolitus Salvhnus in his booke de Pifcium 
natftrd & prdptrationelwhich was printed at Rome'm fol./554.withmoft ele* 
gant piclures,efteemes Carp no better then a flimy watery meat. P. lovius 
on the othsr {ide 3 difallowing Tcnch,approues of it; So doth Dubr&vius in 
his bookes of Fifh ponds. Freitagius r extols it for an excellent wholefome wnmiudlcfa 
meat,and puts it amongft the Fifties of the beftranke: and fo doe moft of mtenftimmt 
our Countrey Gentlemen , that ftore their Ponds almoft with no other p^i4 u ^ rx " 
Fifh. ButthiscontrouerBeiseafilydecidcd^'nmy iudgemcnt^by Bruerwm ij'^ 
lib % 22 c.zp.i 3. The difference rifeth from the fite and nature of Pooles/ome- iim$mpiTfa 
times muddy, fometime fweet.-they are in talte as the place is from whence vam ™ m ( im > 
they be taken. In like manner almoli wee may conclude of other f rein* hiT). miS ahmmom 
But fee more in Randolet'ius^Belloniuspribafim lib.j.cap.22. Ifaac, lib.i. efpc^ fortwitm- dffi- 
daily Hippolitus Salvianus jwho is infiar omnium folm.&c Howfoeuer they f^Z'cl alibi 
may be wholefome and approuedjUiuch vfe of them is not good; P.ForeJivs lumkmlorei. 
in his Medicinall obferuations, c relates that Carthtiftan Fricrs.whofe Hiring \^ m ' li ' 
is moft part Fifh,are more fubiccl to Melancholy then any other order, and 
that he found by experience , being fbmetimes their Phyfitian ordinary at 
Delph in HottaridMe exemplifies it with an inftance of one Bu(codneJe zCar* 
tbufian of a ruddy colour, and well liking, ;hat by folitary liuing and fifh ea- 
ting.became io mif-affecled. 

Amongft hearbes to be eaten,] find Gourds, Cowcumbers^olcworts, w * 
Mellonsdrfallowed,butelpeciaUy caufethtroublefomedreames, 
and fends VDblacke vapors tothebraine. Galen loc.affecl.lib.3. cap.6.o{g\\ 
hearbes condemnes Cabbage; And I fane lib, 2. cap.i. anim<t gravitatem fa- 
<r/'/,it bangs heauinefiTe to the Soule. Some arc of opinion,thatall raw herbs 
and fallets breed Melancholy blood,except Buglotfe and Lettice. Crato con- 
(11 2 /.//^.2,fpeakesagainftall hearbes and worts, except Borrage,Buglofie, 
Fennell 5 PartfyjL)ill,Bawme,Succory. Magninus regim,[anitatis 3. part, cap, 
3 1 amhes herb* (impliciter maU s via ctbi, All hearbes are fimply cuill to feed vT f eMHi m 
on (as he thinkes.) So did that fcoffing Cooke in u Plautus holdc 5 Umd. ' 

— *~j\/on ego ccenam condio ut aly coquifo/ent. 

Qui mibi condita prat a in patinU proferttnt, 

Boves qui convivasfaciunt^ herbafy aggerunt= 

Like other Gookes I doc not fupper drefle s 

That put whole Meddowes in a platter, 

And make no better of their Guefts then Becuesy 

With hearbes and grade to feed them fatter. 
Our Ua/ians and Spaniards doe make a whole dinner of hearbes and fallets^ 
by which meancsashcfollowesit. %mm ^ 

x Hie homines tarn brtvem vttam colunt s — 

Qut her has h^nfmodi in alvum fuum congerunt ? 


Parti. Sedt.i. ■ CanfesofMelancbofy* Memb.2.Sub£i. 

60 Formidolof %m diclu, non efu rr.odo , 

Qu.ts herb as pecudes non edunt famines edunt. 
Their hues that catc fuch hearbes, muft needes be (horf 3 
And t is a fcarcfull thing for to report, 
That men fhoaldfcedon fuchakindcofmeatj 
Which very juments would refufc to eat. 
l^Jdinifa* 7 are windie^and not fit therefore to be eaten of all men raw, though 
quifg s conUct, qualified with oyle, but in brothes or otherwife. Sec more of thefe in euery 
qui hpfm prig- x Husbandman and Herbalift. Rootes ,E/ ft quorundam gentium opes J/nt faith 
'mmoTeTphnt wealth of fomc countries, and fole food^ are windy and bad, 

veiomferit vei or troubiefomfi to the head; as Onions, Garlicke, Scallions,Turncps,Car> 
^XS™' recs 5 Kadi ^ cs i Par ^ ni P s i c ^^-^#^/- difallowes all Rootes, though 
4 dl'wnvfu 3 * omc approue of Parfhips,and Potatoes. b Migninus is of Cratos opinion, 
mA. c they trouble the mind, (ending groffi fumes to the braine, make men mad y efpe- 

deHmo V p b cially,GarIickc, Onions, if a man liberally feed on them a yeare together, 
crefcent.uer* Guianerius Trail. 1 (.cap.2, complaines of all manner ofRootes, and (o doih 
KoMc* C ' Brtterims ^^ Parfnips themfelues,which are the btdJ^.ci^paftinacarum 
*, ufmfuccosgigritt improbos.Cratoconfil.2 iMb.i. vtterly forbids all manner of 
Bright mhis Fruits, as Pcares, Apples, Plums, Cherries, Strawberries, N«ts,Medlers, 
Amtmum' s c™esfrzj*»gM**toi»fi«M^ infe& the blood, & 

turbant, prod*- putrifle it, Magninus holdes, and muft not therefore be taken, vtkeibi, ant 
C ^£uir «<S**>ot to make a meale of,or in any gceat quantity.^ cirhn 

quitMagmn,*) makcs tha t a caufc of their continuall fiekneiTc at Fejfa iti^frick^ bectiufe 
quodfiqnkex they Hue fo much on Fruits , eating them thrice a day. Laurent/us approues of 
man y fruits > in his Traa fMelancholy,which others difdlow, & amongft 
mi'at , m the reft, Apples,whieh many likewifc commend, as Sweeting$,Pairmaines, 
~™eZZx ade ' P, PP ins 3 as g°°^gairift Melancholy. But to him that is any way inclined 
Fruits'. ' tQ y° l touched with this malady, * Nicholas Pi/o in his Pra&ickcs, forbids all 
impobi fad fruits,as windy,or to be fparingly eaten at lcaft,and not raw. Amongft other 
^fmumva. ft***? Br ^inus out of Galen 3 excepts Grapes and Figges,but I find them 
tktat . "kcwifereieaed.AllPulfearenaught.BcancSjPcafe^itches &c. They fill 
wZt^ 1 lhe ^ ra,ne ^ h/ ^) with groiTe fumes, breed blacke thicke blood,' and 
jhdtL cmt- caule troublefomc dreamcs. And therefore that which Pythagoras (aid to his 
dm terhd* ScnoUers of old.raay be for euer applyed to Melancholy men, a fabis abfa 
<lu?L ^EatnoPcafc,norBeancs, yet to fuch as will needs catc them, I would 
Puifc g«uc counfell to prepare them according to thofe rules that ^rnoldus Villi* 
novanus,Frietagius prefcribc, for eating and dreffing Fruits, Hearbs,Roots 3 
Pulfe &c. 3 

?lCCS * u Spi n! C r Uf ° h0t and head mclanc noly, and are for that caufc forbidden 
by our Phyfitians ; to fuch men as arc inclined to this maIady,asPeppcr Gin- 
l^LZ W> TTT'? ,ou «W«:c J Dates&c.Hony and Sugar, g Some except 
ny. «ony,to tnole that arc cold it may be tolIerablc,but h Dulcia fe in bilem ver- 

J ar.*rf ^hey ate obftrii<» lue . crttt therefore forbids all fpice,in a eonfulration 
»£. tm . ofb^fora melanchoty Sehoolemafter, O mn U« n Zt ic l, & ^uuZ 
gmnem^nf. io doth j WW*/*/.„. GnUmrimtttaat^ Mer- 
cHndUconf.:!,,. To thefe I may adde all fharpe and fowre things, or talci- 
ous andouerfweersor Fat.asOyle^Vinegv, Veriuicc, Muftard, Salt As 
fwcet things are obftruauie/o thefe are corroftue. a>mefw in his bookes 

Part.i.Se£t.2. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb.2..Sub£s 

de Sale lib. i. cap. 21. highly commends Saltj fo doth Codronchus inhisTracT: 61 
defale AbfynthjXemn lib.j.cap< occult, nat. mir* yet common expert* 
ence findes Salt, and fait mcates, to be great caufes of this difeafe. And foe 
that caufe belike thofe Priefts abftained from Salt , euen fo much 

as in their Bread,/*/- fine perturbatione anima ejfet^ faith mine Author^ that 
their foulcs might be free from perturbations. 

Bread that is made of bafergrainc 5 asPeafe,BeanesPatesJlye,or fe ouer B "J^ W ^ 
hard baked,crufty and blacke, is much fpoke againft, as caufing melancholy ctuftam.chtU- ' 
iuyceand wmde. Joh.UWaior inhisfirft bookeof his Hiftory of Scotland^ nmquiA&yM 
contends much for the wholfomnede of Oaten Brcadj It was obie&edro a s 2 am ' S(bo * 
him then liuing at Paris in France, that his Countreymen fed on Oates and 
bale graine^s a difgrace.-buthce doth ingenioufly confefle, that Scotland^ 
wales 3 and a third part oiEngland } d\6 moft part vfe that kindc of ^read, and 
that it was as wbolefome as any graine, and ycelded as good nouri(hmenr. 
And yet itec kcr out of Galen^Ws it horfe meat, and fitter for jumcnts, then 
for men to feed on, But re^c' Galen himfeKe lib. /. de cibu bwi ' &m*lifuccs y 
more largely difcotirfingofCornc and Bread. 

All back Wines,ouer hot 5 Tompound,ftrong thick drinkes 5 as Mufcadine, WinCo 
Malmefie, Allegant, R imny, Browne baftard, Methcglen, and the like^ of 
which they hauc ^ofeuerall kindesin Mujcovy^ all fuch made drinkes are 
hurtfull in this cale,to fuch as are hot , or of a fangnine cholerickc comple- 
xton,or yong,or 'nclined co head melancholy. For many times the drinking 
ofwine alonecaufcth it. ArcuUnus p.Rhaft, puts in Wine for a ^»w»/«r&4 
great caufe,efpecially,if it beimmodcratly vfed. Guianeriits TraB. if.cap.2, * 
tcllsaltory of two Dutch men , to whom heegaue entertainment in his 
houfcjhat in 01 one moneths [pace were both melancholy by drinking of wine^ m Exvmpa- 
onedid nought but fing,the other f\ghc,Galen caufis morb.eap.3. Ma- ^^/'wS 
tbiolm on Diofcorides^nd aboue all other Andreas Bachius l/b,j.cap.iS.ip> unoKenfeme- 
.2 <?.haue reckoned vp thofe inconveniences that come by Wine. Yet not- lanihol « /«$ 
withftar.ding all this,to fuch as arc cold, or fluggifh melancholy, acup oi^ Mt ' 
W 7 ine is good Phyfick^and fo doth Mercurialis grant,f^//.2 f .in fuch cafes, 
if che temperature be cold,as to moft melancholy men it is 5 Wine is much 
commendedjtif it be moderately vfed. Cider and Perry are both cold and Cid«rj>cny 9 
windy drinkes, and for that caufe to be neglccled, and foarc aU thofe hot 
fpiced ftrong drinkes. 

Btfr^ifitbeouerneworouerfialc^uer ftrong, or not fod, fm ell of the 
caskc,fharpe or fower is moft vnwholfome,\t frets and 2^\At%^Lc.Henricm ? c SyJ-a « 
^yra^ in a "confutation of his , for one that laboured of Hypocondria- ftkew'™. 
call melancholy difcommends Beerc. So doth Crato in that excellent &t»+. 
counfell of his Ob.2-confiUr.2s too windie becaufe of the Hoppe. But hee m ^ mtm ' 
meanes belike that thicke blacke fl^w/** beare vfed in forncocher pasts of ? About nm. 

V Germany^ 'nilJpifiituillA ^ in spruce, 

D um bibitttrjiil chrm eft dum mingltur.vnk Hamburg, lif* 

Constat quod mult as feces in torpor e linqnaf. 
Nothing comes in fo thicke 
Nothing goes out fo thinne, 
It muft needs follow then 
The dregges are left within, 

I hi 

Part.i.Sed2. Caufes of Melancholy. Memh.2.Sub£ii 

62 As that old iPoct fcoffed,caIling it StjgU monflium conforme faludip mon. 
*nmicnA- ftrousdrinkc 3 Iiketheriuer£/jyx. Butletthem fay as they lift to fuch as are 
fjj&a. accuftomedvmoit//*^W<^ (fo'Polidorrtrgtl czllethh) and* 
kbfk turn w- pleafant drinke,\t is more fubtill and better for the hop that ranfies it, & hath 
vm*M>iib.t. an efpcciallvertue againft melancholy, as our Hcrbalifts confelTe, Fuc h- 

fitts apptoi\csJib.2{ many others. 
Waters. StandingWaters,thicke and ill coloured, fuch ascomc forth of Pooles 

and Motes jwherc hemp hath beene fteeped,or flimy fifhes liue,are moft vn» 
wholfome'putrifled and full of mites,crcepers,flimy 5 rnuddy, vncleane,cor. 
rupt,impure,by reafon of the Sunnes heaf.and ftill ftanding,they caufefoul 
diftcmperaturcs in the body and minde of man , are vnfk to makedrinke 
of, to drefte meat with, or to be f vfed about men inwardly or outwat dly, 
fan1lmd' d L They arc good for many domcfticall vfes, to fteepc Malt, water Cattle.&c. 
veitdlfufitaqui or in time of necelTity,biit not otherwife. Some are ot opinion,that flichfat 
exjiagm ft aIK K n g W atcs makes thebeft Beere, and that feething doth defecate it, as 
? I*teS<£ 1 Cardanholdsltb.i j.fubtiUt mends the fubflanceandfauourofit^ buiitisa 
wii denies, paradoxe. Such bcere may bee ftronger>but not fo wholfome as the other, 
timixiHmred- as a ^obertm truely iuftifiethout oiGalen.P&radox £ec*i, Paradox. s- that the 
dit &bene feething of fuch impure waters doth not purge or purifie them. Pliny Ub.ju 
iw.em. cap.zX^olfatkvbzXzntntjm&P.CrefccntitM aoricult.lib.r.ejr l/b.j.cap.i rA 

* Contcndithtec ' * ... .. .\ , J ^ r . 

viria cofiione t-ff.Pampbttus Her •tlacus Jtb .4. de nat.aquarum. lucn waters are naught, not 

non cmtndarl. to j, e vfcd,and by the teftimony of * Galen^reed Agues y Vropfies^ Pleurifyes, 
t e L (!qu<Xd™' s pb* e ti c k e )**AmeUncfotypajftoiis, hurt the eyes , cattfe a bad temper at urejnl 
pm met febres di fpofit 7<? of the whole body jxitb bad colour. This lobertut ftifly rnaintaines Pan- 
Si7Jetocu doxjrl?. 1 far r s. thai it caufcth bleare eyes,bad colour, and many loathfome 
ft.m/um fta. difeafes to fuch as vfe it.This which they fay ftands with good reafon:for as 
bitum corporis Geographers relate,the water ofAjlracanbtceds wormes infuchasdrinkc 
^mginZvt'h lt * Axmpt as now called Verduri. the faireft riuer in Macedonia ,makes all 
gitatmindKck cattellblacke that taft of it. Aleacman now Peleca, another ftreame in Tbtf 
fjxeora btbe- p/y , ma ^ cs cattell moft part white.^/z ptui duetts J. Aubanus Bohemut refers 
jAqweexmui* that 7 Struma ,or poke of the Bamrians and Styrians to the nature of their 
hm '"fill™' watcrs ^ as M un ft er doth t ^ Tat of the Faleftans in the Alpes, and z Bodtnefap 
™%moi!rl\. pofeththatftuttingoffornefamiliesin^«/>^/^ about Labdenjto proceed from the fame caufe , that tbe filth is dertaedfrom the water to their bodies, 

l^fbdbuT' So that the y * hat vfe filth y ftandin g> j11 coloured, muddy water, muft needs 
mt Labdont in hatiemuddy,illcoloured,impiire,andinrirme bodies. Andbecaufethebo* 
Ayiitanutoba- dyworkesvpon the minde,they muft haueeroffer vnderftandines dulLfog- 
btabajim in gy ; melancholy fpirjts^nd be really fubicct to all manner of infirmities. 
wpora dcri- To thefe noxious (imples a wee may reduce an infinite number ofcom» 
Cedilla ex fan- pownd^rtiticiallmade difhes, of which our Cooks affourd vs a great varic 
g aine&(ufoca- ty^s Taylcrs docfafhions in aur apparcll. Such are a Puddings ftuffed with 
njartaMMe- bloud,or otherwife compofed,Bakcd meats 3 fowccd,indurate meats, fryed, 
* Cured* vm ai ? d broyled,buttered meats,condite,powdrcd,and ouer-dryed,b all Cakes, 
placenta, beii^ Simnells,Bunncs,Cracknelis made ofbutter,fpicc 3 &c.Fritters Pancakes 
*Z Zm} Pics,Salfages,andall thofc fcueraU fauces, fharpc or oucr fwee't, ofwhich 

jlorum &coquo. 

Sstentia popirt£,zs Seneca calls it,hath ferucd thofe c Afkiau trickes 5 and pcr- 

fum,gu(iui (er- 

vtentium cMciliant mrbos turn corpsrt turn ammo hftnabileu Vbildlndemdib. de vifiimis. P.2ov,vita eim. « As Lettice ftce- 
ped in Wine,Birds fed with Fenncll and Sugar,a$ a Popes Concubine vfcd in Avignion, Stcphartus 


Part l.Se&.i. flteta caufe. Memb.i.Subfo 


fumed di(hes,which d Adrian the 6.Pope,fo much admired in the accounts 6 3 
of his predeceflbr Leo Uccimw' And which prodigious riot and prodigality d 
haue inuenred in this age. Thefedoe generally ingender groflc humours, ^f^odei 
fill the ftomacke with crudities, & all thole inward parts with obftruftions. mmmdufcb*- 
Monttnm confil.jj.giues infhncc in a melancholy lew > that by eating fuch la *f«dt. 
tart fauces,madedifhes, and fait meats, with which hee was ouermuchde* tm ' lQS "*' 
lighted jbec a mc melancholy, and was cuill affected. Such examples are fa. 
miliar and common. 

S Y B S B C, 2o 

Quantity of Diet a. caufe. 

THcre is not fo much harmc proceeding from the fubftanccit felfe of e 
meat^and quality of it,in ill dreifing and preparing ofit , as there is Tmifmm 
from the quantity ,di(brder of time and placc,vn{eafonable vfe ofit, [im^aannf 
1 intemperance, or ouermuch, or oucr little taking ofit. A true faying it is, j?^™^ 
Tlures crapula quamghdius , this gluttony kills more then the fword. And menu ptrmte- 
that of « Pliny is truer, Simple diet is the bell, heapir/e- vp effe iter all meats is per- fwitoworfoi 
nittous^tnd fauces wcrfe^many d/jbes bring many di\eajes. i t^vicen cries Out, f etU ni. 
that nothing is xoorfe then to feed on many dijlics, or to protract the time of meats f i.i duxcof. 
longer then ordinary from thence proceed our infirmities, and' t is thi fount aine of ^im^umm 
a/ldifeafes , vohich drife out of the repugnancy of groffe humours. Thence, faith mVoiowiu co. 
Z Ferneliw, come crudities ; vvinde^oppilations,^^cfy,wrf,^//^r^,C4^. mcdmdopntra* 
iaflradiopepfin, * Htnc fub it Amort es at^intefiitafefieclWy Hidden death, JlZ'ttgcwA 

&C.and whatnot. comungantur : 

As a Lampc is choaked with a multitude of oyle , or a little fire with o- 
vermuch wood quite extingiulned : lo is the natural! heat with immode- n^ugmnnabw 
rate eating ftranglcd in the body. Permtiofafenttnaefl abdomen infaturabile^ moru ™ oritun 
one fiithjan infatiable paunch is a pernitious finkc, and the fotintame of all *^ bb * x ' 
difeafes both of body and mindc. h Mercurialis will haue it a peculiar caufe 'luvSatj. 
of this priuate difeaie. Solenanderconfil. f.fefl.jt illuftrates this of Mercuria- \^^ r J^ 
//if, with an example of one fo melancholy,^ />/^/><y?/«^ comme(fationtbu4 % Cit wtUncbtii- 
vnfcafonablefeafting. icTr^confirmesasmucbjinthat often cited coun- ««• 
fell, ^/.//^.r.puttingTupcrfiuous eatingfor a mainc caufe, But whatneed J ^jff^^ 
feeke farther for pwofcstHcztc Hippocrates him felfe,// b . 2. Aphorif,* ptu& cjuantitas 
p me bodies the more they are xourifoed , the more thy are hurt, for the nourifb- n ™ ia ' 
mentis futrtfiedwttbvittou* humours. raqumorngJ* 

And yet for all thisharme, which apparently followes furfetting and nutrnwiiom^ 
drunkenneffe.fee how wc luxuriate and rage in this kindc,pi#* ^portentofe fJ^Xlf 
€4*2*, prodigious fuppers, what Fagosjipicu res, ^pitios, Heliogxbles our mmtumvitio- 
times affoutd? Lucullut Ghoft walkes ft ill, and every man defires to fup in A- ^fy-^ ckn 
polio: *y£fops coftly difh is ordinarily fcrucd vp y & portentojk 

— — MagU ilia ittvantfluxpluris emuntur, c*ms.&c 
Thcdeareftcatcsarebcft, and'tis an ordinary thing to beftowe 20 or 50 1 * Uvend * 
vponad:Qi,(omcthoufandCrowncsvpon a dinner.- Mutly-Hamet King of \ GuicchmTm, 
Fez and Morocco fpent three pound on the faucc of a Gapon.-'tis nothing in 
our timeSjWC fcornc all that is chcape. we hath the very lightsome of vs, as 

I 2 Scnct* 

Part.i.Sc£t.2. Quifer of melancholy* McmUa.SubC* 

£4 * Seneca notes Jbecaufe tt comes free y and we are offended with the Sunnes heated* 

* }fat.qiufi. 4- thofe cook bla/ls^ecaufe we buy them not. This aire wee breath is fo common, 
Ifiut'/n^M ^ e care Mat for /^nothing pleafeth but what is deare. And if we bee ■ witty 
itm,doUt^ inanything^itisrf^to: Ifweftudyatatl, it is erttdtto luxu^ topleafcthc 
fokm,quoiipi- oallacand to fatisfietheeut.o^ \ Cooke of old was abafe knatte (as Liuy com- 
foftM^quod plaiacs /t^r^/ w** //» requejlxCookery ts become an art, a noble jc/ence 9 
bic m nonem- Cookcs are Gentlemen.Venter Deus y lhcy weare their braines in their bellies /nd 
f &c.adetmi tbeirguts in their heads, as 11 Agrippa taxed fome Parafites of his time, ru. 
fklet, mfiquod fhing on their owne deftruclion,as if a man fhould runne vpon the point of 

a fword,^ dum rumpantur comedunt , ° all day.all night, let the Phyfitian 
Guhm fay whathe will,imminent danger,and ferall difcafes are now ready to feize 
joiimvHemm- V pon rhem,thcy will eat till they vomit, Edunt vt vomant \vomunt vt edant y 
t\fn,nmcinom. {^\ iSeneU w hi c h Dion relates of FitdiusSolo tranfitn c thorn nutrtrt mdicai\ 
M»ff fetffrw his meat did pane through,and away; or till chey bunt again e. P Strage art/* 
^ U 'tx% i m * Htmm ventrem oner ant ^ and rake ouer all the world, as fo many r (Lues & 
quorum]* vel' belly-gods ; ejr totus orhis ventri nimis anguflus , the whole world cannot fa- 
tre h*enium,iti tisfic their appetite. * Sea Jand,riuers Jakes jfycxannot gitte content to their ra* 
^iTiutm cx- & n 0L?> uts% T° make vp the mefle^what immoderate drinking in cuery place? 
mt sen mm. As if they were fruges confumere nati y borne to no other ende but to eat and 
r'i?*— drinke. Quxfueran! vitia mores (unti'us now the fafhion of our ttmes,an ho- 
dapcsnon$?ore nour, as in like cafe Epidicut told 7 hejprio his fellow feruant , in the t Poet, 
fedfumpm (tp. i&dipol /acinus improbumpnc vrged, the other replied; at iamalij fecere idem i 
Vn^'ldHeL' trit illi tlares honork 'tis now no fault ,th ere be fomanybraue examples to 
dium. bcare one out; 'tis a credit to haue a ftrong braine, and carry his liquor wel$ 
tonfiZrTnm ^ c ^ c contem i° n can drinke moft and fox his fellow fooneft. 'Tis 
potfiMfluvii it tr, e fummurn bonum of our Tradefmenf.heir felicity, tantk dulcedine affefiant, 
m.via,JEji>eaj faith Pliny Jib . 14.caf.22 Vt magna pars non aliud vitx premium inteiligat ) 
/ewhL m ' tnc y labour hard all day long to be drunke at night,and conuert day in- 
t Pimm. to night 5 as Seneca taxcth fome in his times jertter tu at officia noclis cjr lucis, 
when we rife,they commonly goe to bedjike our Antipodes y 

Nofy vbi primus equis or tens afflauit anbelit 

Mis fir a rubens accendit lamina vefper. 

* tj 9K So did Petronius in Tacitm^ HeliogAhalus in LAmfridim^ 
tetquoplM ca. * NocJesvigilabAtadipfum 

f t^xZkZ7r. AUne^diem totum fiertebAt, and fo doc MyrrUds in our 

*Torapr<in. dayes.They inuent newtrickes , asSaufages, Anchoucs , Tobacco, Ca« 
ZTr%?tt v «rc, pickled Oyfters, Herrings, Fumados.&c. innumerable fait meates 
to increafc their appetite,and fludy how to hurt themfclues by taking An« 
exbauriant & t idotes/ to carry their drinke the better. « And when nought elfe ferues x thet 
bant. Ambrof. wt Hf e J ort h f r be conuayed out to emfty their gorge \ that they ?nay returne 
» inffHtU vefa to drinke afreffj.Jhcy make Iawes contra bibendifallacias ,and u bragge of it 
uVi fr wh ^ thc l hai,c donc ' X inuitfngand incouraging others to doc as they doe, 

* Gratim con- and Iouc them dcarcly for it(no glew like to that of goodfellowfhip JSo did 
t\hant poiando. Alcibiades in Greece,Nero^onofus,HeliogAbalus in Rome , or Alegab a lus ra- 
fareT thcr 5 as he vvas ft y led of " old 5 (as V Ignatius proues out of fome old coyncs.) 
•Libdeeducan- So doc many great men flill,as * Heresbachius obferues. When a Prince 
tgrnqm «- Jrinkcs fill his eyes Hare, like Bitias in the Poet,~-( * Me imager haufit 

I r*t> Spumantem vino pater Am)— and comes ofclcarcly, found Trunv 


* Diftuincredi- 

Part.r.Se&.2. Viet a cau/e. Mcmb.2.SnbC2. 

pets,Fifeand Drummes,the fpe&ators will applaud him 5 the * Bifhop him- 6% 
felfe fifhebcly them not; with his Chaplain will ftand by and doe as much, * idem.prcnri 

(lignum pr • incite haufum'twzs done like a Prince. Our Dutch men invite J>? tatorii z ' 
all commersyoith a peale and a dijh, making barrells of their bellies. Incredi- ^Tultiget 
bilediflu, as z one of their ownc countrymen complaines : z Qaantumli- tempteramex* 
quoris immodeflipmagens capiat } ejre. How they loue a man that willbee^ ^oLm^' 
drunke , croyne him and honour him for it , hate him tfcat will not pledge saxma. tdeo 
him, flab him, kill him, a moft intolerable orrcnce,and not to bee forgiuen. Moderate & 
*Heisamortallenimy that will not drink e with him, as Munfler relates of the ^S*tt 
Saxons. So in Poland Jnc is the beft feruitor.and the honeftcft fellow , faith incompoutioni* 
Alexander Gaguwus* that drinkes most healths to the honour of his miller hz ^f™. non T' 

11 i r T-t t • .i ii J ' thts Colum & 

(hall be rewarded asa good leruant; Thus they many times willullyperucrc cambam pa t 
the cood temperature of their bodics.fhflc their wits, ftranele nature, and p°f- 

1 . -.Lu-«ftc Jint,fed implcm 

degenerate nuobeafts * iu'Lie apo- 

Some againe are in the other extreame, and draw thismifchicfeon their nm&fcuttte 
heads by oucrmuch failing; Pining adaies, faith Guianerms t and waking a mca,i h6 ! t , an ' 
nights,as many Mootcs & Turkes in thefe our times 6oc,Anchoriter,Monks i ZiSmplta- 
andthereflofthatfuperflitiousranke (as the fame Gutanerius wirneflcth, 
that he hath oft en fane to haUe happened in his time ) through immoderate fa- b ^ l [ 
fling j)aue beene frequently madde. Of fijeh men belike Hippocrates fpeakes , bwu/ce bquoris 
i .Aphor . < .when ashc faith , c They more offend in too [paring diet 3 & are worfe mmd: P i ens 
damnified jhen they that feed liberally % and are ready to furfet. 

mmbibent } & 

ferto coronani-jwmicijfmum e centra qui nan vult & cade & fttflibus expiant. * £>ui potare neurit J&flu babetur, & c.tde normun- 
qiwn res cxpiatur. * £>>ui melius bibit pre falute dom'mi mclior babetur mimflef. b JQui de die ieiunant & nottc vigilant facile a- 
duntinmcl, }icb:>iam;& quivaturx modum excedunt.cap.% traftM.cap.x. Uaiafamis toleranti^vt t/sfiepe accidit qui tanto cum 
fervore Deo fervire citphmt per ieii/nium^uod maniaci efficiantuv, ifife vidipepe. * Intenni viStu *gri delinqkmtfx quo fit U m<u<h 
ri afjkianiur dttrimento^maior^fit error tenui qnam \>lemori vi'fiu, 

Stbsic, 3» 

Cujlome of diet, Delight, Appetite s Necefity 
how they caufe or hinder. 

NO rule is fo generall Which admits not fome exception: to this ther- 
fore which hath beene hitherto faid , and all thofe inconuenicnccs 
which proceed from the fubftonce of meats ,or intemperate and vn- luZ^Zmpde- 
fcafonablevfc ofthemjCuftomefomewhatdetracT:s.& qualifies,according terior^mmsin 
to that otHippocrx tes,j . Aphor if. c o . d Such things as wee haue beene long ac* ft^J"^*" 
cuflomed to fhough they be euift in their owne nature \yet they arelejfe off en- « QmmedUi 
ftue. Other wife it might well be obiec"ted 3 that it were a meere c tyranny to vi ~ 
liue after thofe fhi& rules of Phyfickc. For f cuftome doth alter nature ic V i Cm fuetud» 
felfc,and to fuch as arc vfed to them it makes bad meats wholfome, and vn- altera vatura. 
fcafonable times to caufe no diforder. Cider and Perry are windy drinkes,fo l^^Ghct- 
are all fruits windy in themfelucs 3 cold mod part", yet in fome parts of {Verniir C> Woj? 
% England^ Normandy in France , Guipufcoa'mSpaine , 'tis their common "I ler *' rc * l 

" * i • ec i i • t • t - / i r i b Leo AferJ.l. 

drinkc,and they arc no whit otiended with it. in Spa /nejtaly, znaAfrickeu, f oh cam hmm 
they liue moft on roots,on raw hearbcs, h Camels milke, and it agrees well Ufa cmtenu, 
with thcm,which to a ftranger would caufe much gricuancc. \nmles,Um. f?££ ea j£ 
cinqs vefcunturjsHimfry Lluyd confettcth^ixCambrO'Brittainehirafclfc 

I 3 in 

Part.i.Scd:.*. Caufesof mkticholj. Memb.2.Subf.$ 

66 in his clcgan c Epiftle to Abraham Ortcliw, They liuc moft on whit-meat«,in 
•veUOMtur HoHind on FiQi,Root$,Buttcr: and fo at this day in Greece, as * Bclloniu* ob. 
Ghedpifcibu* f crilcs>t | 1C y \ nc \ milcn rat fc cr feed on Fifh then Fleflh. With vs Max/ma pars 
25LTT -vttlus in came eonfifiit^c feed on Bcfti moft part, faith k />*0wfrr Vtrgil^% all , 
i PianJri vinS, nortnerne countries doe; and it would bee very off enfiue to vs, to li uc after 
their dietjot they to line after ours. Wee drinkc beere, they wincjthcy vfc 
teferem)vbiq t Q y je.we butter: we in the north are 1 great eaters,they moft (paring in thofc 
tmii%iT& hotter countries: and yet they and wee following our ownccuftomes,are 
beUma locum well plcafed. In chin& the common people Hue in a manner altogether on 
cbtiiet.steph/u. rQOts an d hearbs,and to the wealthieft,Horfe, Afle,Mule, Doggcs, Cartes 
%Ltoub$.' is as delightfome as the reft 5 as m Mat.Ricciu* the lefuite relates , that 
Aug. ' ' liucd many yeares amongft thcm.Thc T trtars cat raw meat 5 and moftcom« 
• vjkwuip- mon j y n hbrfc flefbadrinke milke and bloud as the Nomades of old. 

fcfip. Britonunt. * , r • ■ 

they fit, cat & Et lac cotter etum cum J anguine pot at equtno, 

drinks all day fhcy fcoffc at ouxEuropeans (or eating brcad.which they call tops of weeds, 
'jiv^Mufcouy and hot^c mear,not fit for men. And yet Scal/ger accounts them a found & 
andthofcaor- witty nation jliuingan hundred ycarcs; euenin theciuilift country of them 
» ZX Expln\n tnc y ^ oc tm,s 3 as Bene dift the Icfuit obferued in his travells from the great 
shus libs. cap. Mogors Court by land to Paquin , which Kiccuts contendes to bee the fame 
6 b^m^o W " ^ Cam ^ a ^ H in Cat *i a ' I n Standi a their bread is vfu ally dryed fifh, & fo like- 
k/mfapudsi' w ^ c m tntf Shetland lies: And their other fare as in J/landfi'uh ° Dzthmariu 
rtuqthn Aptd Bleskenins^ButteryCheefe^nclFijh^tbeir drinke^J water ,their lodging onthe^j 
Hniengefrequf gy Q(tn ^ j n ^ me rica in many places their bread is roots, their meat Palrni- 
fluroqubpe de tos ,,Pirias,Potatos,&c.and (uch fruits. With fome, Fifh, Serpents, Spiders; 

m^Lii'-'re'vei anc * m *° mc pk ccs mcv p cat mans raw,& rotted, even the Emperour 
temitatl * vd Metaztima himfelfe. In fome places againc, r one tree yeeids them Co» 
religions eaufa quernuts,meat and drinkc,fire,fuell,apparell, with his leaues, oyle, vinegcr, 
miZTaftU* COL,er forhoufes, &c And yet thefe men going naked,fecdingcourfe,liue 
cH. aque fer\ commonly ioo yearcs,3nd are feJdome or ncuer fick- 5 all which diet our Phy- 
Xt^Zria*' *~ K * ans f° r ^^ * n weftfhaling they feed moft part on fatte meats and wourts, 
Mai.Riccm, i. kn»cklc deepe,and call it f cerebrum louti. In the Low countries with roots, 
i.cap iz. In Italy Frogges and Snailes arc vfed. The Turkes, faith Btubequius, delight 
l q lTv}7mr moft in fried mcaiSf ^Mufcouy Garlickc and Onions, arc ordinary meat & 

&■ crudu carni- 

fauce,al which would be pernitious to fuch as are vnaccuftomed vnto them 
*2emnu»t U Ti. mc co ol hcrs ; and all is t becaufe they haue becne brought vp vnto 

'tZuTZc iu- n ' Husbandmen and fuch as labour can cat fair, fat bacon , grofte meat, hard 
mentorumpabu. checfe,&c. courfc bread at all times , andgoetobed and labour vpon a full 
'ZbtJum.' ftomackcwh jch to fome idle pcrfons would be prefent dcath,and is againft 
o ijimdue de- all the rules of Phyfickc; fo that cuftome is all in all. Our trauellers findc this 

h J common experience when they come into farre countries , and vfc their 
0f,f4fe.<wA- dlct ' thc y a r caiu ^aine]yoffended,asour/^//^^jand Englijbmen when 
flit : pifcuhco they touch vpon the coafts of o^/V^and thofe/W/4»lflands, arc com- 
f t Z^ffi. ra ™ ! y molc ^ d with CaIenturcs,FIuxcs,and much diftempered by rcafon 
rumVfic vlvunt otthcirlruits * Peregrtnajtft fuauiafolent vefcentibus prturbationes info 
i^ajZL m ' 4 ^> ftran S e racats thou S h plcafant^caufc notable alterations and dif- 


p ?atagm tii % Benfi.&TerXortefalibn^ t Livfchccfien ^6^i^ t t^M»hn^b^t,^ 


Part.i.Se&.i. Diet a caufe. Memb.LSubf.j. 

tempers. On the other (idevfe and cuftome mi tigatcsor makes all gooda- 67 
gaine. Mithridates by often vfe, which Pliny wonders at, was able to drinkc 
poyfbn; and a maid, as Curtim records, that was fentto Alexander from 
King P<?r#*,was brought vp with poyfon from her infancy .The Tur kes,fahh 
Betlonittsobferuat.lib<s»cap.: take Opium familiarly , a dramme at once, 
which we dare not take in gvaines. y Garciusab Horto writes of one,whom 4 '' 
he faw at Goa in the Eafl Indies 5 that tookc tenne drammes of Opium in three 
daies*, and yet Confulto loquebatur , fpake vnderftandingly : fo much can cu- 
ftome doe. z iheophrafm fpeakes of a Shepheard that could eate Heliebor in * Heumus z l3 . 
ftibftance. And therefore Cardan concludes out of Galen, confuetudinem vU "AW**, 
cttnfyferendamjiifi valde maUrn. Cuftome ishowfoeuer to be kept, except m ' 
it be extreame bad:and he aduifeth all men to keepe their old cuftomes, and 
to a continue as they began ,be it diet,bath,cxercife,&cx)r whatfoeuer elfe. * ln co *~ 

Another exception is Delight, or Appetite, to (iich and fuch meats. 
Though they be hard of digcftion,melancnoly:yet as Fuchfius excepts cap, uns&inwtk 
6.ltb.2.In(litfecl.2. b The (lomacke 'dotbreadtly dtp e (I, and villi ndy entertainer P er f" <erct - 
Jucb meats as voe hue rnofl^andare pteajtng to vs,ana abhorres on the other Jide i u J^ t e a([umi<- 
fucbaswediJlafi.Wlhkh Hippocrates confirmeso^w if. 6.3 2. Some can- tw.cibwtatfc 
notendureCheefe l outofafecretAmipathy,ortofeearoftedDuck,which ^£^4 
to others is a c delightfome meat. twfi, cimcoqua, 

The laft exception is neccflity,pouerty^want ,hunger, which driues men & V* ft ®*~ 
many times to doe that which otherwife they ate loath, cannot endure, ?No£g'a' 
and thankfully to accept of it: As Beuerage in (hips , and in feiges of great g^inft a good 
Cittiesjto feed on Dogges,Cattcs,Rats, and Men themfelues. Three out- \™*^^ lim 
lawes in 6 Becfar Boethius being driuen to their (hifts,did eat raw fifh& flefh d Lib.y.bip. 
offuchfowleasthey could catcb,in one of the Hebrides for fome fewe StoL 
months.Thefe things doc mitigate or difanull that which hath becne faid of 
Melancholy meats, and make it more tolerable: but to fuch as are wealthy, 
line plenteoufly,at eafe,may take their choice, and refraine if they will,thefe 
meats are to be forborne, if they bee inclined to, 01 fufpecl: melancholy ,as 
they tender their healths: Otherwife if they be intemperate,or difordered in 
their diet,at their perill be it. Qui monet amative cjr cave, 

SfBSEC. 4. 

Retention and Evacuation a caufe, and how, 

OF Retention and Evacuation, there bediuerfekindes, which are ei- e % a anu. 
ther concoinitantjalTifting, or folc caufes many times of melancho- f ^ exeer r "L 
ly. *Galcn rcduceth defect and aboundance to this head; others , Ull " 
that isfeparated or rental In thefirft ranteof thefe I may well reckon vp Coftiuencfle. 
Co ftiucnefle,and keeping in of our ordinary excrements, which as it often f^^l^l 
caufeth other difeafes, r o this of Melancholy in particular. % Celfus lib.iscap: mimdcapi« ,it produath inflammation of the head, dulneffe, cloud/neffe, headache &c. %f^ c K f ' 
Proffer Calenus atra bile, will haue it diftemper, not the Organ onely, h excrement*' 
* but the minde it f elfe .by troubling of it: And fometimcs it is afole caufe of retenta, mentis 
Madneffe,asyou mayrcadinthefirftbookeof * Skenkius hismedicinallob. *&f™™ 
fcruations, A yong Merchant going to Nor deling Faitc in Germany ' 3 for ten i capMe MtU 


Parta.Sca.2. C au f e * of'meUncboly, Memb.i.Sub£ 4 . 

6$ dayes fpace ncucr went to ftoole, at his returne he was * grieuoufly melan. 
Tom Mn^ choly,thinking that he was robbed,and would not be perfwaded but that all 
Zma ttnt. his monc y wa s gone: His friends thought he had fome Philirum giuen him, 
1 Alvm a(lri- but Cnehnus a Phyfuian being Tent for, found his J coftiucnes alone to be the 
Has caufa. caufe^ thereupon gaue him a CMer 3 by which he was fpeedily rccouered, 
Trincavellius confult.3 fJib.iXiith as much of a melancholy Lawyer, to who 
hcadminiftredPhyfick. Other Retentions and Evacuations there are, not 
(imply necetfaryjbut at fome times^as Ftf/W/z^accompts them, Path: l/bi j; 
f^i/j.-asfupprcfTionofHemrods, monthly iflucs in women, bleeding at 
m she perm- nofc,immoderate vfe, or no vfe at all of Venm: or any other ordinary iflues. 
reufive b*mor- m Detention of hcmrods,or monethly i(UiQs ? rillanovan^ Breviardib.j, 
» MMintm- c*p-i 8.Arculanus cap. 16 .in p.Khafis^ittorius Vaventinu-spratt.mag, Trail. 2* 
pejiive aba* cap^r f.Bruel ejrc.put for ordinary czu&s.Fufcbiu-s lib goes far* 
morrho:dibM ^ j faith.that n many men vnfeafonably cured of the bemrods* baue beene 
ch l>d corrupt corrupted with Melancholy, jeeking to auoide Scillajhey fall into Charybais. Galen 
fat. imditin hum. commen.^. ad text. 2 djlluht^zcs this by an example of Lucius Mar-. 
S *tib™M°ka- tius 7 vihom he cured of madncfTejConti acted by this meanes: And Skenkms 
ni&. hath two other inftances of two Melancholy and mad women , fo eaufed 

la™ m ' hb ' 7 ' ^ rom tne f u PP re fli° n of their moneths.The fame may be {aid of bleeding at 
^Nonfim mag- nofe,if it be fuddainly ftopt,and haue beene formerly vfed 3 as ? rillMovtnm 
TmluTj^Huis vr S ct,1 » ^nd q F*f*bi*s& m ftiffely maintaines^ that without 
TnaMm*r™ great danger Jucb an iffue may not be flayed. 

ma»fjwc$(an renus omitted, prodnceth like e$z€ts.Mathiolu$ epift.s .lib. penult. r avcu~ 
tmp™hfporeT c ^thofhu knowledge 9 that fome through bafhfulne/fi abftamed from Vener^ 
'Noviquofdam and thereupon became 'very heauy and dull: and jome others that were very 
prtpudore ace- timorous melancholy , and beyond almeafure fad.Onbaflusmed.colleciJib.a.cdp. 
torpides, pigrofa i/«ipcakes or iome, 1 that if they doe not vfe car nail cop mat ion J are continually 
fates: mmdlos troubled with heauineffe and headachy and fome in the fame cafe by inter mi f ion 
TcT^JtTmo- °f "'Not vfe of it hurts many t Arculanm g.Rbaftsfc. Magninus part. 
4am mteftoiy ti- 3 ^ap, f *th inke,becaufe it * fends vp poyfoned vapours to the Braine and Heart. 
™ffi<- „. ._ And fo doth Galen himfelfe hold, that if this natural! Seede be cuer long- kept 
nemtyfiffidM ( ^ Jome parties) it turnes to poyfon. Hieronymus Mercur talis in his Chapter 
capitis gravitate of Melancholy ,cites this for an efpcciall caufe of this malady, and of u Pit* 
dut^novifje P'f^^Satyriafis tjre. Haliabb rheor.cap. 36. reckons vp this and many 
quofdam trips other difeafes./^'//*/^***/ BreviarMb.i .cap.j ^.faith 5 he knew x many monks, 
&ua fates ex and wi domes vrieuoufly troubled ty/th melancholy, and that from this Cole caufe. 
renerk. ts£lia»us Montaltus melanchol. conhrmes as much out of Galen: 
traporetvene* fo doth tfW*;,and Chrijlopberus a Vega deart.meddib.^.cap'.t^ relatemany 
prLTdcor fuch cx ?mplcs of men, & Y women, that he had fecne fo mdancholy.F*/« 
&cerebw». Platter in the firft booke of his obferuations, 2 tels ajlory of an ancient Gentle- 
ltmtmZa% man in Al f Atia jh*t married ayoDg wife y and was not able to pay bis debts in that 
Urwmmu* kindefor a long time together \by reafon ofhis[euerallinfrmittes:but jhe heaufe 
u Graves pro- ofthis inhibition of Venus^ fell into a horrible fury^ and defired euery one that 
l&lmmZi- came t0 ! ee her * h y ^ordsM",*ndgejlures to haue to doe with her, ejrc.*Bernar. 
tuiines. * Ex jpermate fupra m^dumrettnto.monachos, & vidua* mclancbolkot f*p e fieri vidi. J Melancholia art a a Vafn ft- 
mmarifs in utero. 1 Nobilis fenex Alfatus, iavemmuxorem duxit, at iUe cholicbo dolore , &mu\tkmwbii comptwi, mi potuit 
pr.«!tare »ffoiumanti } vixinito mitrimonio tgrotm. Ulain horrendm furorem incidit, obVencremcohibitum,utomuiu m nini\- 
Jentm cong: effjun voce , vultit, geflu expeteret, & <{mm nm confentirertt, moloffas Anglicanos expttyt vagno clamore * ft£ 
faccrdotem opmm& pium, qui qwd mllet m Vtmt* in wlancbtUca Qmptmat* incidit. . ' " 


Part j. Sect. 2. %ztent\on and Evacuation. Memb.^Si bf-^ 

dm fatermi a Phvfitian,faith, he knew a goodhoneft godly Prteft, that becaufe ^ 
he would neither marry, nor mike vfe of the Stetfes Jet into grieu cm melancholy 
fits.Hildifheim f>tcel.2.hath fuch another inftancc of an Italian melancholy 
Pricftjin a confutation had A° i^o.lafonPratenfis giucs inftance in a mar- 
ried man,thac after his wiues death abftaining, b after marriage became ex tee- \ oh abfinen* 
dtng melancholy So thefc you may adde, if you pleafc,that conceited tale of 'jZL'Zte- 
3/<w,fo vifitcd in like fort,andfo cured, out of lathiim. 

Jntempcratc Venus is all ottt as bad in the other extreamc, Galen lib, 6. de ^J^jJ*" 1 
morbis popular feci. $Jert 26 % reckonsvp Melancholy amongft thofe difeafes xacer * HU 
which arc c exafperated by Vehcry: fo doth Avicenna 2 .jJap.t 1 . Oribafius loc. d superffiim 
citat,Ficinus fanitate tuenda,Marfil/us Cognatus, Montaltus cap. 2j. ce ' ltum 
Guianertus TracJ. rs-cap.2. Magninus cap s:part: 3: d giues thereafon^be- ? m ^ iccat CQU 
caiife c it infrigtdates anddrjes vp the body , cenfumes the jpirits 5 and would puaffivitM con- 
therefore bane ad (neb as are cold & dryfo take beedofandavoideit as a mortal 

■ , ■ : 1 • u r r i - n • crnt abbot ficcii 

entwy.lacchwHS m p Kha/is cap. is* giues the lame cautc and lnltancc in a Pa- ve \ ;{t m m\co 
tienc of his, that married a young wife in a hot Summer, { andfo dryed him- monaii: 
felfc with chamber-worke, that he became in fhort Jpace from melancholy , mad\ ^ 
he cured him by moiltning remedies. The like example I finde in Lcelius a ikoptmfuak 
Fonte,Eugubinus confultu 2 p. of a Gentleman of Venice, that vpon the like jeflSS****" 
occafion.was firft melancholy ,atterwards mad: Read the ftory at large. maZ! "* 

Any other Evacuation flopped, will can fc it, as well as rheie aboue na- » Ex eautem 
med,be it bile.g vlcer,i(Tue,&c./&'/W^ deSaxonia Gordontus, f at f ere cx ^ c ' 
vertfie this out of their expcriencff.They faw one wounded in the head.,who h 6erd cap.10. 
as long as the fore was open, lucidahabutt mentis intervalla* was well: but ''M.^^ra- 
when it was {koppcd 3 redyt melancholia, his melancholy fit feizedonhim Kfasno!d- 
againe. ous. 

Aitificiall Evacuations are much like in effect, as hote houfes , bathes, '^l"™. re f" 
blood letting, purging,vnfeafonably and immoderately vfed- & Bathes dry ^siquZgiit 
toOmuch, if vfed in excefle, bee they naturall or artificiall, and offend ex- 
treame hore.or cold; one dries ,che other refrigerates ouer much. Montanus ^Lnt^atthn- 
tohfil r/7.{akh,they ouer-heatc the Liuer. toh.Struthius Stigmat. Art is fib -.4: pmuml \utur t 
cap: 9: contends, 1 that if one flay longer then ordinary at the Bathe,or goe in h f^ es 
too oft, or at vnfcafonable times , beputrifies the humors in his body. To this 1 £y smofupe. 
purpole writes Magninus lib. 3: cap:y. Guianertus Tract.} y.cap: 21: vtterly rmc > 
difallowes all hot bathes in melancholy aduft. ijfiw ( Taithhc; a man that fj^f^ 
laboured of the gout.voho to be freed of his malady , came to the Bathe, and was Beraretur de 
infant ly cured of his gout, but got another which was worfe 5 and that was f^jj^f^/* 
Madnejf^j. But* this judgment varies as che humor doth, in hote, orcolde: gmf liberate* 
Baths may be g^od for one Melancholy man, bad for another : that which 
maycureitinonepartyjmaycanfeitinafecond. phlebotomy. 

Phlebotomy, many times neglected, may doe much harme to the body, m On scbofo 
when there is a manifeft redundance of bad humors,and melancholy blood; s f^fZ & 
and when thefe humors heate and boyle, ifthisbenotvfedintime, the par- ebuUith perve- 
ties affected, fo inflamed, arc in great danger to bemad 5 but if it be vnadvi- 
fedly,ii:iportunatelv,immoderately vfed, it doth as much harmc by refrige- mm 
ratine; the body,dulling the fpirits, and confuming them : a$ loh. Curio in his m, maiore \ny 
10: chap: well reprehends, fuch kindc of letting blood , doth more harmc ^ u c ^ m<ne ^ c 
then good: n the httmors rage much more thm they didbefore^nd is fofarre e mm!* J 

K from 

Parc.i.!c<ft.z. " Canfes of Melancbof y. Memb.i . Subf % 

7o from avoidingmehncholy , that it increafeth it , and weakeneth the (tgbt. 
c Lib de Ram- ° Proper Calenus obferues as much of all Phlebotomy, except they keepea 
ienti mlancbo • V cry good diet after it: Yea, and as P Leonartus Iacchtnus fpcakes out of fti$ 
Hi m»cns ownc cxperience q tne yi 00 d it much blacker to many men after their letting 
SgSSP ofblcodjhwitvasatjirjl. For this caufe belike \ Sdluft.Salvinianus Ub: 2: 
**- cap -/.-will admit or heare of no blood-letting at all in this Dik^ie, except 

"ZmbZf A - it bee manifeftitprocccdc from blood : he was (it appearesj byhisowne 
rk,&vifm vvor ds inthatplace»Mafterofan Hofpitallofmadmen, r and found by long 
debilitat. Yt irrifnre that this kinde of evacuation either tn head . or arme t or am other 
cr (petlatur (a*- part t did more harmetben good. . - - m 

guti po? dies purging vpward and downeward, in abundance of bad humors omitted, 
ffibinUii^ may be for the worft;folikcwife as in the precedent, if it be ouer-much,or 
'"not Ldo'eos too frequenter violent, it f weakeneth their ftrength , faith Fuchfius Itk 2% 
tpi m defipien- ^ , 2tC ap.i 7 .ov ifthcy be ftrongor able to cndurePhyfick,yet it brings them 
dm7r^ f ^ to an ill habit,they make their bodies no better then an Apothecaries (hop, 
fiomis.qim fyi- anc | this.and fuch like infirmities muft needes follow. 

ritm dcbilitatar 3 u,'*ma . ■> ■. * -> ■ 

hde,&ego(,i>igaexperientU ob(erv*vi inproprio Xenodccho, quod defipientes ex phlebotomm mgis Uauntur, & magu depptuvt, 
& melancholiciUpe fiunt inde 'peiora. f Viru debikat. 


Bad ^dire a caufe of Melancholy % 

Aire is a caufe of great momcnt 3 in producing this,or any other Dif. 
eafe,beinethatit is ftill taken into our bodies by refpiration.and out 
infetto corae more inner parts. 1 If it be impure and foggy \ tt detects the jpirtls, and 

gigmt mo-boi. caH f et b Dfeafes by infection of the hearths Paulus hath it lib.i : cap:jp: Aviccn- 
dJpaf&lZ #<* fatt.tuendd.Mercarialis.Montaltus &c. u Femeltm faith,* thick 
mom. l b. 1. aire thicknetb the blood and humors. * Lemntus reckons vp two maine things 
» iiV^'wi mo ^ profitable,and moft pernitious to our bodies,Aire, and Diet: and this 
y Lib. $ dtqu'ar- peculiar Difeafe, nothing looner caufeth ( y Jobertus holdes ) then the Airaj 
m blent* m - herein wee breathe and hue. 1" Such as is the Aire, fuch be our fpirits: andas 
Tahiilr hl'mor our fpirits/uch are our humors. It offends commonly if it be too z hote and 
meiancb'Uci*. dry,or too cold and dry, thicke, fuliginous,cloudy,bluftering ; ,or a tempeftu* 
tifftirit!iy & 0l,s kxtc.Bodtnc in bis f.booke de repub.cap.i. and of his method of hifto« 
tmfmodi sj'vi- ry,proues that hote Countries are moft troubled with melancholy,and that 
T^Miaxul t ^ crc arc tnere ^ orc m Spatne y Afi-ickeykr\d L^fia ra//w,great numbers of mad 
ItoHta'im'cap. mcn 3 in fo much that they are compelled in all Cities of note, to build pecu- 
11. cdidiis& liar Hofpitals for them: Leo x Afer lib. 31 de Feffa urbt* Ortelius and Zuingcr 
confirmcasmuch: and they arc ordinarily fo cholericke in their fpecches, 
dino^crfus. thatfearec two words paflc without railing or chiding, in common talkc, 
a M " lta » and often quarrelling in their ftreetes. b Gordonius will hauc cuery man take 
n2immlt noticc of it: Note th " ( 'faih he) that in hote countries it isfarre morefamilhr^ 
lia qu? ihUiiffi' then in cold. Although this be not alwayes true.- for as c Acofta truely faith,vn- 
feLmu**'* ^ cr tnc iEc l uat0r ic fefojs * moft temperate habitation, wholefome Aire, a 

*> Li>.mci. par- 

Paradife of pleafure: the leaues euer greene,cooling fhowres. But it holdes 

jS/V^i*^ aS * Io h* n M s * Meggen^ found in Cyprus f 

taMure&ut?ubni, Jrc^HcntirdCsidit wmjti pigtdk intern tarde. J Iab.i. * Hodopericumcap.7. 


Part.i,Se€t.2. Are a caufe. Meinb z.Subf.j 

others in Malta^pulia, and the * Hcly Und y where at fome fcafons of the 7 1 
yeare is nothing but duft,theirriuersdryedvp, the Aire fcorching hote,ar.d * ^-p'^' a 4* 
Earth inflamed; in fo much, that many Pilgrims going barefootYor Devo- ™"mefu? 
tionsfake 5 from/^rfto /<fr«/^/fzwvponthehotrands,oftenrunmad .« Her- hi ante fimm 
cults de Saxon/a a Profeflor in Venicegwts this caufe, why To many Venetian Ma vp ne 
women arc melancholy, quoddiu fubfole degant ^ they tarry toolongmthe ^ Vm t be$ H 
SmriZ.Afontanus (onftl.2 1 among{\ other caufeSjaflignes this; why that />n? Fratt.MedM. 
his Patient was mzdtfubd tarn multum expefuit fe calori & frigori^io. expoied )«Zuiten!7u* 
himfelfe fo much to heat and cold. And for that reafon in Venice % there is dm [ub (okvi- 
little ftirring in thofe brick pavedftreetes in Sommer about noonc, they are 
moft part then a-fleepe: As they arelikewifc in the great Mogors Coun- v «fant. * 
tries,and allouer ihcEaJl Indies* At Aden iin Arabia , as { Lodovicm Verto- f .styn«g.fifafc 
manmu relates in his trauels, they keepe their markets in the night, to avoid ^I'J^T 
extremity of heat: and in Ormus, like cattle in a Pafturc, people of all forts 
iyevptothechinnein water all day long. At Braga in Portuo-ail-. Burpos in 'W&fa* 
Cajtue'j MefiinaWiStcuy^ all oner Spsineinaltaiy^ihcK Itrcetes are moft fasexmtnt. 
part narrow, to avoidethe Sunnc beames. The Turkes wcarc great Tur- 
bants , ad fugandos folit radios ,co refract the Sunnc beames 5 and much in- 
convenience, that bote Aire oi'Bantam'm laua,ycddcs to our mcn,that fo- 
joiirnc therefor tramck.where it is fo hote , S that they that are ficke of the % *ferh$GdU. 
Poxjye commonly bleaching in the Sunne^ to dry vp their fores,. Such a co m« etcponant ad ft- 
plaint I read of thofe Ifles of Cape /^degrees ^ rom thce/£<pfctf fl/^thcy lm ' ut mLrbos 
doc maleaudire: t one calls them the vnhealthieft Clime of the World, for 
fluxcs,feauers,frenzics,Calenturcs, which commonly feaze on Sea-faring in his 
mcn^hich touch at them , and all by reafon of an bote diftemperature of ^) uzuons * 
the Aire.The hardieft men are offended with this heat, and ftiffeft Clowncs 
Cannotrefift ir,ab Contfantine affirmes agrieult Jib .2 .cap .4^ . They that are 
naturally borne in fuch Aire,cannot h endure it, much lcflTe weakelings and * tiippeerata 
Grangers. Amatus Lu fit amis cent.i .cw^/-.^. records of a yong marde,that \ A ^l^ mm 
was one Vincent a Carriers Daughter, fome 1 3, yeares of age , that would 
wafh her hatre in the heat of the day ( in Iuly ) and fo let it dry in the Sunne, 
' to make it yellow Jtut b y that meancs tArrying too long in the he At t fhee infit- ' adfofo 
medherbead^ndmadebcrfelfemad. B^mtZn 
Cold Airein the other cxtreame, is almoftasbadashote, and fo doth trataet, una- 
Mont Altus tftcemc o[iz cap. 1 r : if it be dry withall. Jn thofe Northerne P Uos flwmvtd* 
Countriesjthc people are therefore generally dull,heauy,& many witches, ^1^™* 
which fas 1 haue before quoted) Saxon Grammaticus^ Olaus, BaptifiA PortA 
afcribeto melancholy. But thefe'cold Climes are more fubiedt to naturall 
melancholy (not this artificial! ) which is cold and dry : For Which caufe my 
worthy Countriman k Mcrcurius Britannicus belikc,puts melancholy men v ^urdus alter 
toinhabiteiuftvnderthePole. Theworft of the three is a 1 thick,cloudy, & iden, [e& 
mifty,foggy Aire, or fuch as comes from fennes, moorifli grounds, lakes, ]„"^y ra!u 
muckhilsjdtaughts.finkcsjwhcrc any filthy carcafies or carrion lies, or from 1 crsjTM&tui- 
whence any ftinkingfulfomeimell comes; GAlen, AvicennA^Mercurialis 3 b ^ Kia ' r ? tri '. 
new and old Phyfitiansjiold that fuch Aire is vnwholefomc, and ingenders 
melancholy. pjagucs, and what not? ra AlexAndretA an hauen towne in the ™ Commonly 
Mediterranean Sea,is much condemned for a bad Aire, fo is Duraz.z» in AL ^ c f n 5 ?^" 
banh > LituAniA y DitmarfoeJ'mprm4i pdudei jn Italy ,the territories about m ' m r. 

Part.i.Se£ti. Caufesof melancholy* Mcmb.z.SubCj. 

72 pifa,Ferrara,&c.Kum»y marfh with vs;thcHundrcthsin£^-,v 5 thcFcnncs 
in Lincolnefyire. Cardan de rerum i/arietatejib.i 7 .cap^£ndes fault with the 
fite of thofe rich,and moft populous Cities in the Lo w-Countrcycs, as Bru* 
ges pant \Amfler -dam \Lej den ytreel &c: the Aire is bad ; and fo at Stockholm 
111 Sweden-, Regium in Italy: our Salifbury, and Linne: They may becommo. 
dious for navigation this new kindc of fortification, and many other good 
neceffaryvfes; but arc they fo wholcfome? Old Rome hath defcended from 
the hils, to the Valley, and 'tis the fite ofmoft of our new Cities, andhcld 
beft to build in plaines, to take the opportunity of Riuers. Leander Albertus 
pleadcs hard for the Aire and fite oiVenice^ though the black moorifhfands 
appeare at euery low water \ the Sca,Fire,and Srnoake (as he think cs) qua- 
* Atlas Geo- Xific the Aire - and n fomc fuppofe, that a thick foggy Aire helpes the Mc- 
mmi^'akm mory,asin them of P//* in itaffi and out Camden out of Plato, commends 
pi/tmi, qubd the fite of Cambridge, becaufe it is fo neare the Fenncs.But let the fite of 
7ufaere ^ ^ ucn P^ aces ^ c as * l may,how can they be excufed that haue a delicious feat, 
a pleafant Aire.and all that Nature can affoord, and yet through their own 
o Lib.i. ML naftincfTe ar| d flutti(hneflc,immund, and fordide manner of life, fuffer their 
Ltb.1cap.4T. Aire to putrifie,and themielues to be choakedvp ? Many Cities in Turku 
mm d oitteti> ^ oe ma ^ e au ^ re in tn " ^ in ^ : ^ on fl amino fie it felfe,where commonly carrion 
cVhomin's exi- lyes in the (tree:. Some findc the fame fault [in Sfaine, euen in Madrit the 
fmnty &fubm- Kings feat>a moft excellent Airc 3 a pleafant fite,- but the Inhabitants areflo- 

mS vens 5 and the ftreets vncleancly kept. ^ 
&zy yro y mi' A troublcfomctcmpcftuous Aire is as bad., as impure, rough and foiilc 
xima mmenti- W eather,impetuoUs windcs.cloudy darke daves, as it is commonly with vs 

bwibwmnuma- , r r 1 ~ « /• j t • n l 1 / • r ,\ 3 } 

UcntM txi&H, ca'lum 'vtjujeedum, Poltaore cals ir,a nltny sky ,& tn quo facile generantur m< 
nentify creftio hts ; as Tullyes Brother Quintus wrote to him in Rome, being then Qaafiom 
fitlndlTmtlf- BriUine.]n a thick and cloudy Aire ("faith Lcmnius) men are tetrieke,fad,ani 
iit. Maxima peevijh: and if the Wt [I erne rvtndes blow, and that there be a calme^r a fair e fun- 
deuftio ma- Oj me day .there is a kinde of alacrity in mens minds At cheares vp men eh- beafti- 

roxq„ ft quando J , . r 1 it 1 t 1 n 1 /» « " 

aura catginofa but if tt be a turbulent sough, cloudy ,ftormy weather , menarefad,lumpifojaxi 
4- much deiecled^angry^afbijhydull and melancholy. This was P Virrtls exper'- 

SjS* mentofold: • ° \ . 

« Mm qu'ibm. Verum ubi tempeflas.ejr ccelimohilis humor, 

vaaUatabacre, Mutavere vices , ejr Jupiter humidus Aukro^ 

cito offendun- n . . r , J 9 . 

tur r & mu'M Vertuntur fpectes antmorum^ ey peclore motm 

inftm apud Bet* Concipiunt alios 

%eTflS!' But when the face of Heaucn changed is 

alker quieti. To tempefts,raine,from feafon fairc: 

spirit* t quoquc Q tl y m j n des are altered .and in our brefts, 

genu aiiqumdl Forthwith fomencwconceipts appeare, 

Ce tempejiatibn And who is not weather-wife againft fuchand fueh coniundions-of Pla- 
ZZThmt^ ncts 3 moued in foulc weather, dull and hcauy in fuch tempeftuous feaforo? 
ft htmet> inft* 9 Gelidum contrijlat Aquarius annum: the time requires, and the Autumnt 
J£^> breeds ic ; winter is like vnto it, vgly,foule, fqualid, the Aire workes on all 
tant, men,moreorlefiej but efpecially on fuch as are melancholy, or inclined to 
buZ*7um* * lt,as Lemnius no ^ e 'S r they are ™°ft noued rvith H\ and thofe which are alrea- 
p™Z7it°azi' d y **ad : raue downc-rightfttber in\or againft a tern fell. Beftdesjhe divell many 
mux. times takes his opportunity of fuch ftormes<andwh:n the humors by tho Aire bee 


Part i.Se&.z. Am a caufe, Memb.i. Sub£& 

ftrredjbeegoes in with the <^4ire, and exagitates our fpirits, and vexeth our 73 
Soules: and as the Sea waues,fo are the Jjtirits and humors in our bodies , toffed 
with tempefluonswindes andftormes. To fuch as are melancholy therefore, 
Montanm confil.24.^ haue tempeftuous and rough Aire to be avoided: & 
sonJil.27.aM night aire, andwouldnot haue them to vvalke abroad, butina 
pleafantday. Lemnius lib.j.cap. 3, difcommends the South and Eafterne 
windesjcommcnds the North Jldontanm confil.3 u f will not any windowes to ^j^™^. 
beopenedin the night.C0nftl.22 p. ejr confil.23 a.he difcommends cfpecially the gn mccjtitiam. 
South winde,and no#urnall Aire: So doth * Plutarch ,The night and dark- ^VJ^* 
neiTe makes men fad , fo doe all fubterranean vaults, darkchoufes in caucs c? f 
and rocks, defart places caufe melancholy in an inftant, efpecially fuch as 
haue not beene vfed to it,orotherwiicaccuftomed. Read more of Aire in 
ffippocrates^t^titss lib,3.dcapit,iyi y ad ij$.Oribafim a cap,j.ad22, Avicen* 
/ib.i.can t Fen.2-doc,2. Fen.i.cap.123, to the ia &c* 

S V B S B C, 6* 

Immoderate Exercife a caufc^^ahd how. 
Solitarwcjfe, ldlene(fe_j 3 

Othing fo good, but it maybe abufed: nothing better then Excr- u Muita&fati- 
cife (it opportunely vfed) for the preferuation of the Body: nothing gatiojpiriti*, 
^ fo bad,if it be vnfeafonable, violent , or ouermuch. Ferneltns out of SSISjfe 
Galen t Patb. tib.i. cap. 1 6: Uith, u that much exercise ana wearinefje, con fumes rit t & corpus 
the /pints and (ub fiance, refrigerates the body 5 andfuih humors which Nature "fil"** 
would haue otherwife concofted and expelled^ it flirres vp^ and mikes them ^o^kldHtf 
rage: which being fo inraged, diuerjly affettjnd trouble the body andmindc^j, inatura conco- 
So doth it 5 ifitbc vnfeafonably vfed, vpon a full ftomackeor when thebody 
is full ofcrudities, which Fuj^him fo much inveighes a ga in ft Jib. 2 :inftit\ fee, mm blonde t& 
2: cap: 4: giuing that for a caufe, why boyes in Germany are ib often fcabbed, 
becaufe they vfe cxerci(c prefently after meatcs. x Bayerus puts in acaveat Tjf^pft^ 
againftfuch excrcife,becaufe/> J corrupts the meat in the flomacke^ and car- motacammna 3 
ries the Came inyce raw. and as yet vudirefted, into the veines ( faith Lemnius) tetro va P°?", 
which there putnfies , and confounds the animall /pints, ,Crato con fil. 21 Jib. 2: ccjjum^nmtiq^ 
^exclaimesagainftall fuch excrcifeafter meat 5 as being the greatcft enemy * /sVcf,i,8 & 
to concoction that maybe, and caufe of corruption of humors, whicn ^J^ 9 ■ 
producethis, and many other difeafes. Not without good reafon then, y inflit.advit, 
doth Salufl. Saivianw lib. 2 .cap, 1: and Leonartus Iacchinus in pjihafis, Mer* ^fof f Sw- 
cttrialU x Arcu!anus, and many other, fet downe a immoderate exercife, as a vaJrapitJ* 
moft forcible caufe of melancholy. putre/centes it- 

Oppoftte to Exercife is IdicnefTe , or want of Exercife, the bane of body 
and minde.thcchiefe author ofallmifchiefe 5 onc of the feauen deadly fins^ *cr«fi b*c ' 
and a fole caufe of this & many other maladies , the Diuells cufhion , as humorU c f* 
^Gualter calls it,hispillow,andchicfe repofall. For the mind can neuer reft p 3 ^r^dfmot 

but (Id meditates on one thin? or other \except it bee occupied about fame ho- himuitifkes, 

* * r J 'immodkim 


h Hm.iijn i.Cor.6. 7{am quum mtmhomm qtdefcerenonpofofed contlmo ciravari&togtatmeidifcurretymfi bonefio fi> 
^onegotiooccupemr, ad Melancholiam fponte delabitxr, 

K 3 iefi 

Part, i .Sea 2. L'anfes of Melancholy. Mcmb.2.Sub£5j 

74 qeft bufwe([ej>f but owne accord it rufbeth into melancholy. c o^f too much and 
violent cxercife off ends on the one fide,fo cloth An idle life on the other ( faith 
^J,. Cratofit fills the body full of fie agmegrojfe humors, and ah manner ofobftruCH- 
dkacorporisex' onsjhumes .catarrcs ,&cMujis contMh.i.tracJ. Recounts of it as the grca« 
tX ^£ CQ \u tcft cau ^ of 'Melancholy; d /haue often feene (faith he ) that idleneffe begets 
vita thu humour more then any thing elfe. Montaltus cap.i. feconds him/ 1 out of 

otiofn: ouum a- his experience, that they that are idle^arefarre more fubieel to melancholy jben 
uMtSftenZ f liC <> are conuerfant or employed about any office or bufwejfe. { Plutarch rcc» 
ebfiruke>ics i & kons vp Idieneflc for a fole caufe of the lickncfie of the Soulc : There are^f 
™&£»s' nc ) troubled in mindjhat haue no other caufe but this, Homer jliad.i, 

mcut . brings xnAzhillcs eating of his owne heart in his IdlenefTc^ecaufe he might 
i[ Etvidiqhbd not fight. Mercurialis confilS6. for a melancholy young man vrgcthsitas 
Za& gmat a chiek caufcwhy was he melancholy? becaufe idle.Nothing begets it foo- 
Mdmchoiivn, ner,encreaferh and ccntinueth it oftner then Idleneffe. A difeafe familiar to 
^ReSnitir o- K ^ c P er f ons :>a n infcparablc companion to fuch as line at cafe , a life out 
tint* ab tf/yi of action ,and haue no calling or ordinary imployment to bufie themfelucs 
& koc a abour 5 that haue little bufinefTe,and though they haue^fuch is their lazincfle, 
turn, "enh^c tnc y noc compofc to it. Bfpecially if they haue beene for- 
mab msgU ob- merly brought vp to butlncfle, and vpon a fudden come to lead a fedentary 
ruxm f am pL- ]jf c lt crucifies their fonlcs,and fcazeth on them in an inftant : And is fucha 
quam eos qui torturc 3 that as wile Seneca well faith , malo mwi male quam mollitcr\ effe : I 
dbqua munere had rather be ficke then Idle. This Idleneffe is either of body or minde.That 
^utndo!' " ofbodyisnothingbut akindcof benumminglazinefTejintetmitting Exer« 
* pe tranqmS. cifc 5 which if we may bcleeuc * Fernel/U4,eaufeth crudities ^ob fir ull ions, ex* 
qm7pfum"oti- crementa &humoursquench o Jh the naturallheat^ulh the Jpirits^and makes tbim 
um in an'imi vnapt t<s doe any thing rvhitfceuer. 
7nem k Ne ^ iu "4***4*; fl' x Mnaftitur agris. 

tNib'i'ejlquM As Feme growes in vmiii'd grounds^and all manner of wccds 5 fo doe groflc 
<tquc MeUncba- humours in an idle body ,/gnavum corrumpunt ctia corpus, A horfe in a liable 
*™ftot-mm& tnat neucr trai,e ^ s D a hawkc in a mew that neucr flies^are both fubiecl to dif. 
dbftnenth a. eafes > which left vnto themfelucs are moft free from any fuch incumbran- 
torpor* &<mi- ccs . An idlcDogge will be mangle., and how fhall an idle perfon thinke ro 
nibm. ' efcape ? idl.enelleof the minde is mud) worfethen this of the body; wittc 
k TtfbUmzU without imployment is a difeafe. l vArugoanimi, rub/go ingeni/:thevu&o{ 
fam^uimoti tnc $ ou l c j m a plaguc,a hell it klk^aximum animi nocumcnt tun, Galen cals 
Mm. Gordoiiui it. n As in a flanktng poole , wormei and filthy creepers increafe $ fo doe euiffand 
tumhbT' Vtt ' corru P tights in an idle perfon. In a Commonwealth where there is no 
i pubhkeenimie, there is likely ciuill warres, and they rage vpon themfelucs: 
17. exerdtatio- & this body of ours when it is idkj and knowes not how to beflow it felfc, 
twfem^fo' ^cerates and vexeth it fclfe with caies.,griefcs,falfc fearcs y and fufpitions, 
rem hnguidos it tortures and preyes vpon his owne bowcls 5 & is ncuer at reft. This much 
wl&^omes * ^ arC %Vhat be or fnc that is idle, bee they of what condition they 
SUft, " will.ncuer fo rich,fo wcllallied s fortunate,happy 5 lct them haue all things in 
retreddit : &u~ abundancc^all felicity that heart can wifh & defirc,all contentment, fo long 
a£*2T as hce or ^ ec > or thc V are idlc > the y ^ al J n c»cr bee plcafcd. Well they may 
tnm ntoTu. pr„. build caftles in thcayre for a time, and footh vp ihemfclues with phantafti* 

lentu* facit. * 

k H r or - S f' i « . Sat -*- 1 semt. m Mtmcm mmi>&mackm Plutarchcalli fe, n sleut In flam gaumtur vermes & 
ojrtofomihtcoiitAihiiKi. Seneca, ^ ' 


Part.i.Sedt.a. Diet a caufe. Memb.i. Subf.6. 

call humours ^but in the end they will proue as bitter as gall, they (ball be ftil 7? 
diiconteiu^ufpiiiouSjP fearefull ,iealous, fad, fretting 3 and vexing ofthenv 8 
fclues; fo long as they be idlest is vnpoflibleto pleafe them. Otioquinefczt l^ deiiciCtti ' 
*utij>lm hibet negottjgHzm qui negotium in negotio : as that S Agel/ius could Heautomlm* 
oblerue, Hee that knowes not how to fpend his timc 3 hath more bufinefle, , Ic 
care 3 griefe^and anguilh of minde, then hee that is moft bufie in the midft of ' }l$,t ^' lQ 
all his bu finefls; Ottoftu Animus nefctt quid volet : An idle perfon ( as hee fol- 
lowcs it)knowes not when he is wclljor what he would haue,or whether he 
would goe, quum tllucventum eftjllinc lubet ,hc is tired out with euery thing 
ilifpleafed with all , weary of his life; nec bene domi, nec m/litiapcither&t 
home,nor abroad /rra/,ef prater vit am viuitur^ he wanders, & liuesbefides 
huniclfe. In a word,\vhat the milchieuous effects of Lazinefle and Idlenefle t 
arc ,1 doe not find any where more accuratly exprefled, then in thefe Verles 'W/** 
oivhilolaches in the Comicall Poct,which for their elegancy, I will in pare 

N quay urn tedium effe arbttYor firmlem ego hominem^ 

Quando hie natus eft: ei rei Argument a dicAm. ■ 

*A.dts quando funt ad amuffim expolita^ 

Qutffyh.udat februm exemplum expetit , &e, 

Ac vbi illo migrat mquAm h-omo inddigenffo ejrc, 

Tempeflas venitjonfringit tegulas y imbr/ceffo 

Tutrefacit aer operam fabri^ejrc. 

Die Am vt homines ftmiles e[fe adium arbitreminii 

FAbri parentes fundament um fubflruunt liber or »m s 

Fxpoliantfiocent liter as, nec par cunt fumptui y 

"Ego a ut em frb fabrorum poteftate frugifui^ 

Poftquam autem migraui in ingenium meum^ 

Perdidi operam fabrorum iHtcb^oppido % 

VenitignAnia^a mihi tempeftas f'uit, 

Ad:ie»tiirf : fuograndinem cjr imbrem attulit, 

Ilia mihi virtutem deturbauit.ejrc, 
A you ng man is like a faire new houfe, the Carpenter leaues it well built,m 
good rcpaire.offolidftuffe; but a bad tenant lets it raine in^ndtfor want of 
repar ation fall to decayA'c Our P arents^utors, Friends, fpare no coft to 
brin'g vs vp in our youthen all manner ofvertuous education jbut when wc 
are left to our felucsjdlenefleasatempeft driues outallvertuous motions 
out't of our mindes,e£* nihilifummpn a fuddcn,by (loth and fuch bad waics, 
we come to naught. 

Cofen German to ldlencs,&aconcomitatingcaufe 3 whichgoeshand in 
hand with it,is *nimiA folitudo % \.oo much folitarinefl^by the teftimony of al r *fc M**!* 1 * 
Phyfitians^Caufc & Sy mptome both.but as it is here put for a caufe,it is ei- '^er™* 
ther coa& 5 enforced.or elfe voluntarlie. Enforced fblitarinefle is common* 
Jy fcenc in Students,Monks 5 Friers,Anchorites,thatby their order & courfe 
oflifcmuft abandon all company ,and fociety of other mcn,& betake them- 
felues to a priuate cell ptio frperfiitiofo fecluft^ as our Bale and Hojpinian wel 
tearmcs it,fuch as are the Carthuftans of our time,that eat no flefn ( by their 
ordcr)keepe pcrpetuall filence,ncuer goe abroad. Such as liuc in prifon, or 
in fome defer t place, and cannot hauc company 3 as many of our countrey 


Parci.Sea.2. Cau/es of UtlmcMy. Mcmb.^.Subl.1 . 

ij-^mendoeinfoliury houfes, tlKymuftdtherbealon< ; wItho..tcom: 

7 panions.or liue beyond their meanes, and cntertamealkomroers, aslo ma- 
ly hoftes.or elfc convetfe with their feruams and hmdes ^4"^ 
</uall,inferiour to rhem,and of a contrary dtfpofmonjor elfea fomedoe to 
auoid folitarinelIe,fpend their time with lewdfcllowcs wtauefn B 
Ale-hot,fes,and thence addia themfelues to fomevnIawfulldifport>,ord.f. 
of meanes.oroutofaftrongapprehenGon of feme infirmity , difgrace.or 
through baWuUneffe, rudenefle, fimplicity, they cannot apply thenifelues 
to others company. This enforced folitarincfle takes place , and produceth 
this effect fooneft in haue fpcnt their time louially peraduentiire m 
all honeft all good company ,and are vpon a hidden connncd, 
and reftrained of their liberty .and barred from their ordinary afiociats: foil, 
tarinefle is very itkefomc to 'fuch, moft tedious, and a hidden caufeof great 


Voluntary folitarinefle is that which is familiar with Melancholy, and 
gently brings on like a Sircn,a {hooing-horne, or fome Sphinx to this irrc- 
^ifSI'- vocable gulfe/ a primary caufe Fife cals itrmoft pleafant it is at firft, to fuch 
mmk cuboc- as are Melancholy giuen,ro lye in bed whole dayes,and keep their chambers, 
cafunm »afi8 t0 vVa j kc 3 i one j n f ume folitary groue, betwixt wood and water, by fom« 
^ brooke fide, and to meditate vpon fome delightlome and pleafant lubieft, 

which (hall affect them mofyawabilis infmU^ mentis gr ax ijjimw error. 
A moft incomparable delight,to build caftles in the avrey to goe fmiling to 
themfeluesjading an infinite variety of parts>which they fuppofc,& ftrong. 
ly imagine they act,or that they fee acted and done$ Blank* quidem ab ini- 
f /*/aith Lemnimxo conceaue and meditate of fuch pleafant things, fome- 
* lucmdxrs- times tfrefentfaftsr to come&Rhafis fpeakes. So delightfome thefe toyes 
rum premium 3rc at fl r ft ^ t h C y could fpend whole dayes and nights without fieepe, euen 
%%*rZ m ml whole yeares alone in fuch contemplatiens, and phantaftieall meditations, 
tftttif. which are like fo many dreames, and willhardly be drawne from them, win- 
ding and vnwinding themfelues as fo many clocks,and ftill pleafing their hu. 
mours • vntill at laft the Sceancturnes vpon a fudden,& they being now 
habituated to fuch meditations & folitary places, can endure no company, 
caalike of nothing bu t harfh and diftaftfull fubiccts. Feare, forrow, fufpiti 1 
"FacUUJeten- n,/«^/?/V^^«^,difcontentjCares 3 and wearinelTe of life, furprifethem 
nvZel S Ji on a fudden,and they can thinkc of nothing clfe: continually fufpeaing, no 
fuperafq, evade- fooner are their eyes opert , but this infernall plague of Melancholy feizeth 
Zbt Z"m on thcm ' and tcrrifics thcir foulcs/cprcfenting fome difmall obied to thchr 
e(l. Virg.* minds,which now by no mcancsjno labour,no pcrfwafions they can auoid, 
* Hteronimm fa ra itf €y j UthalU arundo, they cannot be rid of it, u they cannot rcfift. I 
?$'da&vlL may not deny but that there is fome profitable Meditation, Contemplati- 
viderifibiteiros on,andkindeoffolitarine{Te to be embraced, which the Fathers fo highly 
vZdf^t- commend,* tf/wi^.C^ 

i^m ioiiombM Petrarcb&afMits y StelU£n& others fo much magnifie in their bookes; a Pa* 
fca ° T *dife,z Heaucn on earth, if it be vfed aright , good for the body , and better 
^ubm^riZ for the Soule: As many of thofc old Monkes vfedit, to diuinc contemplati- 
berbu vkutam, Q ns,as Simulus a Courtier in Adrians time pioelefian the Emperour retired 
$22**" themfelues &c. Or the bettering of their, knowledge, as Demotrittu, clean- 

Part l.Se&.i. Solttarmepe a caufe. Memb.&.Subf.<^ 

/to ,and all thofc excellent Philofophershaue eaer done,to fequeftcr them- 77 
felues from the tumultuous world 5 or as Plintes viHa Lauretana y Tallies Tttf- 
culanejovius ftudy,that they might better vacate fiudys & Deo, ferue God, 
and follow their ftudies. Thefe men are neither folitary nor idle, as the Po- 
et made anfwere to the husbandman in ts£[op, that obiected Idlencfie to 
him; hec was ncucr fo idle, as in his company; or that Stipio ^fricamu in 
7 Tully^Nunquam minks folutfiuam qttkm folus; nunquam mtnui ottofrsjquam ^ 
quum ejfet otto fax ncuer lefle folitary then when he was alone ncucr more 
bufie then when he fecmed to bee moft idle. But it isfarrc otherwife with 
thefe men,according to \ Sewed jmnia nobis mala folitude perfuadet y this fb- 
litude vndoeth vs,pugnat cum vita fociah*x\s a deftructiue folitarmcs.Thefe 
men are Divclls alonc,as the faying \sJhomo folus aut Deus^ttt D<emon:z man 
alone is cither a Saint,or a D'mcW^mens eius aut languefctt ,aut tumefcit* and 

* v&foh in this fcnfe.wocbe to him that is fo alone. Thefe men degenerate * E&W-* 
from men, & from fociable creatures, become bcafts 3 monfters,inhumane, 

vgly to btholdjJMifantbropr: they doc euen loath them felucs, and hate the 
company of men,as fo many T ?'mons,Nabucbadnezars : by too much indul- % ^ atuf(l it 
gine to thefe pleafinghumotirs, and through their owne dcfaulr. So that videtHrcwqm. 
which Merc urial 'is conftLn. fometimcsexpoftulated with his melancholy ^poffe.qued 
patient.may be iuftly applyed to eucry folitary and idle perfon in particular. peTatifmJm"" 

* datura de te videtur conqueri poflfe &c.Nature may iufily cemplaine ofihee enpu* adept** 
that whereas fhe gaue thee a good 'whole 'feme temperature, a found body,and God {I'J^'f^*" 
hathgtuen the (9 diuine and excellent a foule,fo many good parts \and profitable vuU donum vm 
gifts , thou hafi not only 1 ontemned and retecled^ hut hafi corrupted them , polio- trntempfifti 010- 
tedthem y ouerthroxvne thy temperature , andperuerted thofe gifts with rtot , ^j^^*' 
idlcneffe y fobtarineffe y and many other wayrs, thou art a traytor to God and Na- prodid'^opt>- enrmy to thy felfe, and tx> the tror/^.Pcrditio tua ex te: thou thy felfe art mmm t trA ' 
the efjiaent cauje of thine cwne-mijeryjy not rejijftng fuch vatne cogitations, fu ia,& a ty w- 
butgtwng veay vnto them t t* mn'tbw^t 


Sleeping and Wa king caufes. 

WHat I haue formerly (aid of Excreifc, I may now repeat of Sleep, 
Nothirgbetter then moderate Slccpe,nothingworfe then it, if it 
be in cxtreames, or vnfeafonably vfed. Itis a rcceaued opinion, 
that a melancholy man cannot flccpe ouermuch,S0/»»/w fupra modum pro- 
dejljt is an only Antidote,and nothing offends them more, orcaufeth this , Tath jib 
malady fooncr , then Waking ; yet in fomc cafes Sleepc may doe more ctp.i f. femtU 
harmcthen good,inthatflegmatic{(e,fwinifh,cold 3 andfluggifh Mclancho- «»y*»i»%<k* 
Iy,thac Melanfthen fpcalces of, that thinkes of waters, fighmg moft part &c. wtifa wet 
*U dulls the SpiritSjif oucr-much,and fenfes, andfilsthc head full of grofle wpwedtWm 
humors, cauieth diftillations,rheumes,and great ftore of excrements in the b , 
brainc.and all the other parts . as *> Fuchftus fpcakes of thom, that flccpe like M p' 4 ^ B ^ 
fo many Dormice. Or ifit be vfed in the day time, orvponafull ftomacke, exctmentmum 
the body ill compofed to reft, or after hard meats it increafeth fcarefull *^"^f 
dreamcs,Ineubus,night walking, crying out, and much vnquietneffe; fuch o^ rM ;,' M 

L flcepe 

Parc.i.Sedz. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmh.2.Sub£7> 

78 fleepe prepares c one obferues, to many per Horn difeafes.Tlutzt 
« n. K*tvn 1 haue (aid, waking ouer much, is both a lymptome, and an ordinary caufe. 

d \m?>L Zl ** "»f'*b ^ineffe of the Br ainefienfte, dotage, and makes the bo Ay dryjean^ 
plat ^ to hard t and vqly to beholds d Lemnim hath it. The temperature of the Brainy 
ixfommtiad u corru p te ^y tt fbehnmours adufijheeyes madeto fmke into the held, choler 
fr^Zim. increa(ed,andthewholebody inflamed: and, as may bee added out of Galen j. 
d in[UtM w- de Unit ate tuenda^Avicenna 3.1. c it ouerthrotves the natural heat , it cmfeth 
Toz7tcrZ crudities M hurts concoc?ion,& what not ? Not without good caufe there 
ficckatemad- forcCrato confiLziJtb. 2. delir.& Mania, lacchinw, 
fert,pbrenejin& { j rctt i anM onRha/is^Guianerius^ndMcrcurialis, reckon vp this ouermuch 

delirium .corpus , . • • w r 

mdum to, a principal! caufe. 

fqualidum , (iri- .... ,., r , ir 

tpfum, bumoYcsafarit,tcmpcrmentum cerebri conipit, mac'iem inducit: exficcat corpas, bikm accendit, profundos reddit ocules } a- 

hrept augct, e Nat/mlem calorem dijHpit Ufa emcQftifnecruditates facit. Mttrmni iuvenum vigilaU corpora, ntfes. 

Mbmb. 3. 


Papons and perturbations of the Minde ^ 
how they caufe Melancholy, 

' f rtta AUxan A ^ c ^ at G J mno f°fiift in f Plutarch ) made anfwere to Alexander , (k- 
A " i \ manc ^^ n g which fpake beft)Euery one of his fellowes did fpeakebet- 
ter then the other: fo may 1 fay of thefe caufes; to him that fhall re- 
quire which is the greateft 3 euery one is moregricuous then other, and this 
ofPaffionthegrcateftofall. Amoft frequent and ordinary caufe of Me. 
tGraJ s x.c.i4. lancholy , Zfulmen perturb ationum fas Piccolomineus cals it; this thunder & 
lightning of perturbation,which caufeth fuch violent and fpeedy alterations 
in this our Microcofme, and many times fubverts the good eftate and tem- 
perature of it. For as the Body workesvpon the Minde, by his bad humors, 
difturbing the Spirits, fending grofle fumes into the Braine; and fo per confe 
quens difturbing the Soule,and all the faculties of it, with fcare/orrow &c. 
b PertUfl)at - which are ordinary fymptpmes of thisDifeafe : fo on the other fide, the 
msciavirmt ', ' Minde moft cfFe&ually workes vpon the Body, producing by his paflionsfc 
quibiu corpori perturbations,miraculous alterations; as Melancholy, defpaire, cruell dif« 
tibZ^ffiZu*' caJ fc s * ar id fomctimes death it felfe. In fo much , that it is moft true which 
iamb, demifi. Plato faith in his Charmides : omnia corporis mala ab anima procedere ; all the 
iuttf e ^ mtat ' hm, fchi c f es °f tnc B oc ty 5 proceede from the Soule: and as Democritusk 
k Prolog.devir- Plutarch vxgzihJDamnatam iri animam a corpora ,if the Body fhould in this 
*o e C ' br f 1 ' Dena l^,bring an action againft the Soule/urely the foule would be caft and 
imcffiato"' com 'i&cd; that by her fupinc negligence, had caufed fuch inconveniences, 
mUea. hauing authority ouertheBody, andvfingitforaninftrument, as a Smith 
l ViUpoiionu. <j th hammer (faith k Cyprian) imputing all thofe vices and maladies to 
m db. deanim. the Minde. Euen fo doth 1 Philoflrattt*, non coinquinatur corpus flip confenfu 
abjneonfideran- animx^ the Body is not corrupted.but by the Soule. m Lodov.i^ives wil haue 
titommanZ] ^ ucn turbulent commotions proceede from Ignorance, and Indifcretion. All 
mtus. Philofophers impute the miferics of the Body to the Soul, that fhould haue 
stfk. Vhy ^' gouerned it bctter,by command of Reafon, & hath not done it. The Stoicks 
• GtalLj.c.^i. are altogether of opinion, (as ^Lipfius^ and ° Piccolomtneu* record ) that a 


Part, i ,Sc&.2. Perturbations of the mmde. Memk, 3.Sub£ 

wife man (houldbc without all manner of paflions and pcrturbati- J9 

ons whatfoeucr, as P Seneca reports of Cato^ the r Greekes of 'Socrates 3 and ;/? 
r U.Attbtnus of a nation in Africke, fo free from paflion, or rather fo ftupid, 1 Ai'mm.' 
that if they be wounded with a i\vord,thcy will onely looke backe. f Laclan- 1 
tins *.*/^/^will exclude fomefhc j u jeriul!J^ 

grcateft paflions. But let them difputchoW they will, fctdownein Theft, nmrt^m. 
giue precepts to the contrary- we finde that of * Lemnius true, by common f . Ttmr r bt i a ~ 
experience-,^ mortal! man is flee from thefe perturbations: or if he be fojfure Met. *** 
he is either a God,or ablock.Theyare borne & bred with vsjwehaue them 1 p« 
from our parents by inheritance , a pirehithiis habemus malum hunc affem^ ^'oworM/i* 
faith u Pelezius jsafatur una nobtfcum^alitur^xh propagated from i^idam % qui efeSibiu 
Cam was melancholy, t as Aufiin hath it, and who is not ? Good difcipline, mndttc ^ ttr ^ 
Education J>huolophy. ) Divmity (i may not deny) may mitigate & reftrainc au t faxum , m 
thefe fome few men at fome times,but molt part they dominccrc 
and are fo violent, x thatlike a torrent, (torrensvelut dggere rupto)btetcs IJ^J^'j: 
downe all before, and ouerflowcs his bankes, ftertiit agr 'o^fter mt fata 3 they fta. nwhfu^ 
ouervvhclmeReafon 5 ludgcment. ) and pervert the temperature of the Body. cu ™ 1 - ^ 
Fertttr equis auriga y nec audit currus ^^/^.Now firch a man (faith Auftin ) x ^lammfit. 
that is fo led 2 in a wife mans eye^ is no better then he that frands vpon bis hedd. y tyg 
It is doubted by fome : grav torefne morbi a perturbationibus , an ab humor i- /^V^wS 
te,whethcr humors, or perturbations, caufe the more grieuous maladies. inocuhshommU 
But we findc that of our Sauiour Mat.2d.41. moft m\c y The Spirit is ■willing, g ^ vtr ^ 
the flefy ts wake five cannot reilft. And that of a Philo Iudxus, Perturbations uiuinmtik** 
moft offend the body\and are mojl frequent caufes of Melancholy , turning it out fapiemum^ui 
of the binges of bis health. Fives compares them to Windes vpon the Sea^ flPwi fori* 
fome onely monc ts t bo] e great gales put fome turbulent quite ouer-turne the * Lib, de dtcal. 
fhip.Thofe which are light and eafie, and more fcldome, to our thinking^doe P'f 10 ** s 
vs litcle harme,and are therefore contemned of vs : Yet if they be reiterated, d^t&anm^ 
c as the rainefhkh t^rfuftw) doth a ftone^fo doe thefe perturbations penetrate & gravijjim* 
themindei d and(asoneob(erues / | produce anbabitc of Melancholy at the laft, 
and hailing got the maftery in our foules, may well be called Difeafcs." iMcW&dLo* 
How thefe paflions produce this effect, e ^dgnppa hath handled at large, v f ntes abir, &- 
occult. Philo f.liLi, cap. 6 3. Gar dan. lib. t j.fubtil.Lemniiu lib ./. occult. ^'^ 
nat.mir.ejr Ith.r.cap.iti.Suarez.Met.diJpat.i 8 feci. 1 .art. 2 $.T. Bright cap. 12. *nima. 
of his melancholy Treatifc^j. might the iefuite in his booke of the paflions h Ff*«^$« 
of the minde 3 &c. Thus in briefc. To our imagination commeth,by the out- lutinmariqu** 
ward fenfe or memory, fome obie& to be knowne ( refiding in the farm oft immtiatt^ 
part of the Braine ) which he mif concerning or amplifying, prefently com- l^dm^urtt- 
municatcs to the Heart,the feat of all affections. The pure fpirits forthwith tet:t<e: ficin cov~ 
flocke from the Braine to the Heart,by certaine fecret channels, andlignifie P^w^af- 
whatgoodorbadobiedwasprefented 5 f which immediacly bends it felfe LittaZ^ 
to profccute,or avoide it; and withall 3 draweth with it other humors to help i** iam ita me ~ 
h:lo in plcafure,concurre great ftore of purer fpiritsj infadneiTe, muchmc- Zdkfdepcaant, 
lancholy blood$ in ire,choller. Ifthe Imagination be very apprchenfiuc, in- <-Ptgiauhfi 
icnt,andviolent,it fends great ftoreof fpirits to 3 or from theHeart J & makes ^/j^" 

front animm* 

4 Vfit vslentciYtfte morbi mmlvocaxtur. e Imagmtiotwttcorpiti^dckwmnum^xeit&Jturbhm 

fabm alieratur. * Ecclcf.i 3 , The Heart alters the countenance to ^o^d or cuill, and diftraftion of the BQinde 3 

cauTethdiflemperaturc of die body. 

L a adeepes 

Part i .Sed.2. Cau/es of me lancholy. Memb.?.Sub£f. 

" = ^J^adccp« impreffion.and greater tumult, as the humours in thcBody be like 
wife prepared 3 and the temperature it felfc ill or welldifpoled, thepaflions 
are longer and ftrongcr.So that the firft fteppe and fountaine of all our gric- 

* s F m& vancesinthiskinde 5 is S Ufalmaginatio, which mifinforming the Heart, 
fmguui Ufa cauf - ct | 1 a ][ ^efc diftempcratures.alteration and confuiion of fpirits andhu- 
£5£* mors.By meanes of which 3 fo difturbed,conco<5tion is hindred and the prin. 

tumor es mm r : n3 

11 parts are much debilitated; as h D. Navarro, well declared , being con. 
S'iJSf fuited by Montana about a melancholy lew. The fpirits fo confounded, 
mt. Pip. the nourifhmentmuftneedes be abated 3 bad humors increafed, crudities and 

* Monimicon. fpj^ts ingendred,and melancholy blood. The other parts cannot per' 
^uomdbcZ forme their functions, hauing their fpirits drawne from them by vehement 
fan meiancboii- p a ffion,but faile in fenfe and motion , fo wee looke vpon a thing , and fee it 
ZtdZaZ- " ot 5 heare > and obferue not; which otherwife would much affecl: vs,had wee 
l7m'mp?dMt, beenc free. I may therefore conclude with * Arnolds 3 Maxima vis eft ph m . 
& membra tafi*,& huic uni fere, non autem corporis intemfcriei, omnis melancholia caufi 
St!" 1 d6 ~ efta(cribenda : great is the force of Imagination 3 and much more ought the 
iBreviar.nb.i. caufcof Melancholy to beafcribed to this alone, then tothediftemperaturc 
Vsoknt buluc- or ~ tnc body. Which Imagination^ becaufe it hath Co great a ftroke in produ- 
modiegre^onei cing this malady, and isfo powerfullof it felfe, it will not be impertinent 
faorabiiitcrob- to m y difcourfe, to make a briefe Digreifion of the force of it, and how it 
U r?mk$mil- caufeththisaiteration. Which manner of Digre{fion 3 howfoeuer fomedif- 
cundt rcfovert, like,as frivolous and impertinent, yet lam of t Beroaldus his opinion , Such 
mu^mtKo- Vigvefiions doe mightily Might and refresh a weary Reader , they are like Jmt 
damqasficon- to (l bad ftomacke/tnd I doe therefore mojl willingly vfe them* 

&egolibenter " ^ 
txeum, D V a S B c. 2. 

Of the force ef Imagination, 


Hat Imagination is, I haue fufficiently declared in my Vigrefion 
of the Anatomy of the Soulc_j>, I will onely now point at the won* 
derfull effects and power of it ; which 3 as it is eminent in all , fo 
moft efpecially it rageth in melancholy perfons 3 in keeping the fpecies of ob« 
rtwr «Swr" * e< ^ s ^° l° n g> m ift a king,amplifying tnem D y continuall and ftrong k medita- 
afetUona, qui- tion,vntill at length it produceth reall effecls, and caufcth this 3 and many o« 
but mmac m- ther maladies. And although this Phantafie of ours 3 be a fubordinate faculty 
Cudcmbltlr, to reafon,and fhould be ruled by it,yet in many men,through inward or out. 
io.sanfburienf. ward diftemperatures,defecl:of organs, which are vnapt or hindered, oro« 
wpio* J>b '*' t herwifecontaminated 3 itislikewifevnapt,hindred,andhurt. This weefee 
verified in fleepers, which by reafon of humors , and concurfe of vapours 
troubling the /^*/4/&,imaginemany times abfurd and prodigious things, 
and in fuch as are troubled with Incubus pi witch ridden, (as we call it) if 
they lie on their backes,they fuppofe an old woman rides, and (its fb hard v« 
pon them 3 that they are almoft ftifled for want of breath ; when there is no- 
thing but a concourfe of bad humors ,which trouble the Pbantafi<^>. This is 
*$t£ • ^ewifc cuidentin fuch as walke in the night in their fleepe^ and doeftrange 
*" C iJxtrnt ' fears: 1 thefe vapours moue the Pbantafie, the Pkantafie the Appetite, which 
mouingthe<w/0i4# fpirits , caufech the body to walkcvp anddowne , as if 


s ■ - 1 11 

Part.i.Scd.2. Of the force oflmaginatioii* MemUj.Subf,x 

they were awake. Fr tea florins lib, de intellect, refer res all Extafies to this 8 1 

force of Imagination, fuch as ly e whole dayes together in a Trance : as thac 

Prieft wliom m c^///ar fpeakes ol, that could fcparatehimfelfe from his fen- m ^a' 1 

fes when he lift,and lye like a dead man,voide of life and fenfe .Cardan brags ^^XT 

ofhimfel^e,thathecould doe as much, and that when hee lift. Many times aufamfti 

fuch men when they come to themfelues, tellftrangc things ofHeaucn and & 

Hcll,whatvi{ionsthey hauefeenej as that S r Orven in Matherv Paris , that ^IiZmTon 

went into Saint F<*/ra£j Purgatory^ and the Monke of Etufbam in the fame fafo 

Author. Thofecommonapparitionsin&^<?and Gregory . and S c Br kits " J ^S^**" 
t • /•/ j t ■• j j i_ / tu r i nui >ma- 

icwc[mons l merJrt>.j,deLamifs y cap.ii. ejrc: reducetn , (as 1 naue formerly gmat. 

faidjj and all thofe tales of Witchcs,progreflcs, dauncing, riding, transfor- ^^ &Vr; ' 

mations,operations,&c: to the force of n Imagination,and the Divels iilu- c^cun/^ 

fions. The like effects almoftaretobce fcenein fuch as are awake: How mmpeflm* 

many Chima;ras,Anticks 3 golden mountaines, and Caftles in the Aire doe Z^rtm * 

they build vnto themfelues? I appeale to Painters, Mechanicians, Mathc- utit^&mm 

maticians.Some afcribe all vices to afalfe and corrupt Jmagination,Anger, phantajim re- 

Rciienge,Luft,Ambition,Couetoufnefl'e 3 which prcferresfalfhood, before £1^^/^ 

that which is right and good,deludirjg the Soule with falfc fhewes and fup- ftderata^pwa 

pofitions. P BermrdusVcnottm^ willhaue.herefie and fuperftition to pro- ^1'™™-^™ 

ccede from this fountaine$ as he falfely imagineth, fo he beleeueth , and as *«! 

he conceiucth of it,fo it muft be,and it fhali be, contra gentes he will haue it "jierk diaboim, 

fo.Butmoft efpecially in paflions and affections, it fhewes ftrange and eui- u ^l U ^ tc °a' 

dcnteffe&s : what will not a fearefull manconceiueinthedarke 5 what iwbrd fabta'S, 

ftrange formes of Divcls, Witches, Goblins ? Lavater imputes the greateft carp** 

caufe offpe&rums.and the like apparirions,tofeare,which aboue all other i™'™"!?™' 

paffions,begets the ftrongeft Jmagination, ( faith 4 merus^ and fo likewife p i>enma me- 

loue. forrow, ioy,&c. Some dye fuddainly, as (he that faw her fonne come d ^\ ktiitm 

from the battle at Cann<t$Lc. Jacob the Patriarke^ by force of Imagination, prceommbm afi. 

made peckled lambes, laying pccklcd roddes before them, Perftna, that e/£- fatib*, fortes 

tb/opianQaeenemHeliodorus^yCecm^the nxdcwieoiPerfus and i^4ndro< ^Tpoft" 

medsi, infteedof a Blackemoorc, was brought to bed ofafaire white child, mo^&c.i.^ 

J11 imitation ofwhom belike, tan hard fauoured fellow in Greece , becaufe * * x v 'f° wfo 

he and his wife were both dert>rmed,to get a brood of their children//^/?- *ub!\Tl'. 

tipmas Imagines in thalamo collocavit,1kc:hving the faireft pictures he could ^occult, nau 

buy for money in his chamber, that his wife by frequent fight of 'them , might ™fj^r*£ 

conceiue andbeare fuch children. Andifwccmaybeleeue^/^one of Pope viatogitetde 

Nicholas the thirds Concubines,by feeing of a r Beare, was brought to bed Uit0 > a "talioab~ 

of a Monfter. if a woman ( faith f Lemnins)at the time of her conception /binke ^Iff^tu 

ef another man prefentjr abfentfhe childe rvilL be like him. Great-bellied wo* eUteae. 

men ^when they Iong,yceld vs prodigious examples in this kinde, as Moles., ) u f^^^ 

Watts, Scarres, Hare-lips, Monftcrs, efpecially caufed in their children,by mito, mt£ 

force of a depraued phantafie in them • Ipfam Jpeciem quam ammo effigiat } fpjntmmvibra. 

faetui inducit : (hee imprints that ftampe vpon her childe,' which (he 1 con- ^^nu^he* 

ceiucs vnto her fclfe. And therefore Lodovicus Fives , lib. 2. de chrift.fam. eerebro com m ~ 

giues a fpeciall caution to great- bellied women, u that they doe not admit of 

Imaginatio, ut (i 

msgmetur matumgranatum, illtut mus Cecum proferet fettu: fileporem y infant tdttur fupremo UbeHo bifida, &diffefto, vebemem 
togttatio movet rerumjpecies. trier. L$,c& u ?(e dmuterum geftenty admittanlabfurdas cogitatimet 3 fed &vifu s attdhuqf*d<i 
& borrenda devitent. 

L 3 fuch 

Part.i. Se&.i,. Can/es of Melancholy. Memb^.Subfs, 

82 fuch abfard conceits and cogitations y hit byalimeanes avoidefuch horrible ob- 
Ucts % heard or feenejr filthy fpeclacles. Some will laugh, wcepc,(igh 3 groane, 
' blufhjtrcmblc/wcat, at fuch things as are fuggefkd vnto them by their I- 
magination. Aviccnna fpeakesofone that could caft himfclfc into a Palfie 
when he lift 5 and fomc can imitate the tunes of Birds and Beafts,that they 
can hardiy be difcerned. Dagcbertus and S 1 Francis fcarres and wounds^ like 
toceuitnuof. tothoicofChrifts, (ifatthe lead any fuchwere) * Agnppa fuppofech to 
6b.i c4m. ' haue happened by force of Imagination/ that fome arc turned to Wclues, 
from Men to Women, and Women againe to Men ( which is conftantly 
belceued ; to the fame Imagination: or from men to AfTes, Doggcs, or any 
TLib.^.dtLa- ol k cr fhapes. y^/>^afcribcs all thofc famous Imagi- nation . t j Tat j n Hydrophobia they feeme to fee the picture of a Dog, mil jn 
*<Agrippaiib.i. their water, 2 that melancholy men, and ficke men, concciue fo many phan- 
tyM> tafticall vifions,apparitionsto thcmfelues 5 and haueio many abfurd fuppo- 
fitions,as that they are Kings ,,Lords,Cocke5, Beares, Apes 3 Owles; that they 
are heauy,light,tranfparcnr,great and little, fenfclefle and dead (as fhallbec 
f^tf.j mcmb. fhewed more at large,in our t Sections of Symptomcs) can be imputed to 
i.fii'jfthi. ' nought elfe,but to a corrupt,falfe,and violent workesnotin 
ficke and mclancholymcnoneIy,but euen mod forcibly fometimesin fuch 

* jfifjP* mi ' as are found:it makes them fuddainly ficke,and a alters their temperature in 
fjmutlipo- an inftant. And fometimes aftrong apprehenfion, as b Vdefim proues, will 
tejiindiverfat ta k c away Difcafcs: in both kindes it will produce reall effects. Men if they 
fZpplhen' fe&m another man tremble,giddy } or ficke of fomc fcarefull Difeafe, their 
font. apprchenfionand fearc is fo ftrong in this kind/that they will haue the fame 

* 9*VWtf'M\ Difeafe. Or if by fome South-fayer, wife-man, fortune-teller, orPhyfuian, 
"Ham «S» they be told they fhall haue fuch a Difeafe, they will fo ferioufly apprehend 
morbi diutm-ni ic 3 that they will inftantly labour of it. A thing familiar in china ( faith Ric- 
q2rZan- ^thelcfuite.; ^ //it be told them they fbaH 'be fake on fuch a day , whentlmt 
tm\ 1 day comes jbey will fttre/y be Jicke^and will be fo terribly aff/icled } that fome- 
« ExpeAiunSi- t i mes they dye vpon it. D x Cotta in his Difcouery of ignorant Practitioners 
"Zi 'po'rrfinuiti of Phyfick cap .£.hath two ftrange ftories to this purpofe, what fancy is able 
fredMofibm to doe: The one of a Parfons wife in Northamptonfhire A* 1 607. that com* 
\r e l r f u T/l mine to a Phyfitian.and told by him that iheeAvas troubled with the Sciati- 
faciat: nam fi ca^s he conjectured, ( aDileafe lhecwas free from J the fame night after 
%*ff" m p her retume,vpon his words fell into a grieuous fit of the Sciatica. And fuch 
tosmorll llnh another example he hath of another good wife, that was (o troubled with 
ftendoi^ uBi the cramp,after the fame manner fheccame by it, becaufc her Phyfitian did 
frmrbum'iii. ^ ut namc it.Somctimes death it felfe is caufed by force of Phantafie. I haus 
tidunt, & vi heard ofonc,thatcomming by chance in company of him that was though: 
mem affliM, t0 be ficke of the Plague ( which was not foj fell downc fuddenly dead. A- 
^mSet^in notncr was ficke ofthe Plague wkh conceit. One feeing another let blood, 
cum mtrte cot- falles downc in a (bwne.Another(faith d Cardan out ofAriftotle jfclldown 
*'XTifc ^ ca ^ ( wn ^ ca IS familiar to women at any gaftly fight ) feeing but a man 

* tifc;3 . de am- hanged . A Ie v? in France ffaith e Lodovicus Fives ) came by chance ouer a 
«m. c'tJemd: dangerous pafTage,or plankc, that lay ouer a Brooke in the darke, without 

harme.the next day feeing in what danger he was in 5 fell downc dead. Many 
will notbelccuc fuch ftoriertobec true , but laugh commonly, and deride 
when they hcarc of them* butlctthcfe menconfider with themfcliies, as 

f Peter 

Part.i.Se&.2. Force > o) r imagination. Memb. £,Sub£2, 

f Peter By arm illuft rates it, If they .were fet to walke vpon a planke on high, $S 
they would be giddy, vpon which they dare fecurely walke vpo the ground. ^ ^ 
Many (faith Agripya ) 5 ftrong hearted men otherwife > tremble at fuch fights, Ex aitddejpici- 
dazeiL^and are fickejf they lookebut dovone from An high place ^ & vohxt moues entes aliquip* 
them but concetti As fome are fo molefted by Phantafiejfo fomcagaincby ^/fj^^ 
Fancy alone,and a good conceit,are as eafily recouered.We fee commonly irf im in;ur.ftc 
theTooth-ache,Gout,Falling-fickneire ? bitingofamad Dog, and many ^^ eb . es> 
fuch maladies cured by Spels,Words,Chara£ters,andCharmes, and many ts\uTdoq)fe. 
grcene wounds magnetically cured, 1 which Goclenim in abooke of late,hath quuntui, quan~ 
defended. All the world knowes there isnovertueinfuchCharmes,buta f^>S- 
ftrong conceit and opinion alone 3 as h Pomponatius holdes, which firceth a tat'me. imgi* 
motion of the humor sfpir it s^audbloodyvhich takes away thecaufeof the mala- f ub ^ 
dy from the parts ajfeffed. The like we may fay of all our Magicalleffec'ts 3 {u- ffimmmfaatuin 
perftitiouscurcs 5 andfuchasaredoneby Mountebankes and Wizards. An wM 
Empiricke many times,and a fillyChirurgionjdoth more ftrange cures^hen ^fan&u'ac' 
a rationall l>h.y{\uan t Nymannu4 giues a reafon,becaufe the Patient piltS his una morbipecu 
confidence in him, * which Avicenna preferres before Art , Precepts ,and all Re- cau f M . t*?J* 
medies wbatfoeuer.'Tis Opinion a^one ( faith k Cardan) that makcs,or marres ^xgri'pViH*- 
Phyfitians^and he doth the beft cures, according to Hippocrates , in whom f l ° &pdwta 3 
mofttruft. So diverfly doth this Phantafie of ours affea, turne& om % a>t ' & 

• n \ n i. i • i f « 1 ,. confilto,& me- 

impenoully command our bodies, which as another Proteus t or a Camelion ) diem pr*fe- 
can take alltyapes^aud is of fuch force ( as Ficinus addes ) that it can worke vpon ™ nAa ^ vicen - 
others as -well its our felues. How can otherwife blcare- eyes in one man,caufe inquem plum 
the like affection in another?Why doth one mans m yawning,make another 
yawne? One mans piffing prouoke a fecond many times to doe the like? fcTto v'v 
Why doth fcraping of trenchers offend a third , or hacking of files ? &c. cmtuL.i$.c. 
Why doth a Carcaile bleedjwhen the murtherer is brought before it, fome l8, de Jl> eo!o i\ 
weekes after the murther hath beene done ? Why doc Witches andoldc ? ^tio%'m- 
women,fafcinate and bewitch children: but as merus^Paracelfus \fardan , quam?roteus 
Mtztldus y alter tola fic many Philofophers thinke,the forcible Imagination ltlchmelm > 
of the one party,moues & alters the fpirits of the other. Read more of this ^ZSmZ 
fubiec"t in merits Lami/s^cap^S.p. i o . Francifcus Valefus med.controver. nu W Am 
lib.j.cont.d.Marcellus Donattts lib. 2 .cap./ \de hifi.medjnirabil. Lev 'tnus Lem* m S 'c U r ofcita^ 
nius de occult ,n at, mtr. lib. i.eap. 12. Cardan lib.i rerum var. Corn t Agrippa te% ofcitent, 
de occult. Philof. cap. 6 4.6 $.Camerarius 1 .cent,cap,$4.horarum frbcif. Nyman- m<m * 
nus in /mag. Laurent ms ,and he that is inflar omnium^Fienm^ famou s 
Phyfitian of Antwerpe ^that wrote three bookes de viribus Imaginationis. I 
hauc thus farre digrefled, becaufe this Imagination is the medium deferent 
of paflions,by whofe meanes they worke and produce many times prodigi- 
ous effects; and as the Phantafic is more or lefle intended or remitted, and 
their humors difpofed, fo doe perturbations moue more or lefle 3 and take 
deeper imprcffions. 

SVBS. 3, 


Cau/es of Melancholy. 





Divifton of Perturbations* 

Erturbations and pa(Tions,which trouble the Phantafic, chough thev 
dwell betwecne the confines of Scnfc & fleafon , yet they rather fot 
.owSenfe then Reafon,bccaufe they arc drowned in corporeal organs 
*XW.i0&fc fScnfe.They are commonly « reduced into two inclinations, Irafcibh & 
Ccncupifable. The Thomifts fubdiuidc them into eleuen, fix in the Courting, 
and fiue in the lnvadmg.Ariflotlc reduceth all to Pleafurc and Paine ; Plato 
• jJeAnimd. to Louc and Hatred. ° rives to good and bad. }f good it isprefent, and 
then weabfoiutelyioyandloueor to come, and then wee defire and hope 
for it.lf euill,we abfolutely hate it 5 if prefent ^it is Sorrow, if to come,Fearc. 
p ser. 3?. h* Thefe foure palfions l' Bernard compares to the voheeles of a Chariot J?y which 
(tot ufTam wf * re w™*** "^orlL All other palfions arc fubordinate vnto thefc 
Si l incurm y fourc,or fix,asfome will : Loue,Ioy,Defire,Hatred,Sorrow,Feare: All the 
vebimar re ft >as Anger ,Envy f Emulation, Pride, Iealoufie, Anxiety, Mercy > Shame, 
bMcmnndo. Dif con t entj D c fp a i rCj AmbitionjAuaricc,&c. are reducible vnto the firft: 
immmqmp- & if they be immodcrate,they qconfumethclpirits, & melancholy is efpe- 
ptmmderatio- c j 3 Hy cau fedby them. Some few difcreet men there are, that can goucrne 
«/2fF«S. themfelues,& curb in thefe inordinat Affe& Rcligion^hilofophy,^ 
m.\.Patb.c.i% fuchdivincPrecepts,ofmeel<cnc(re,patience,& the like : but moftpart for 
want of goiiernment, out of indifcretion, ignorance, they fuffer themfelues 
wholly to be led by fenfe$& are fb farrc from reprefling rebellious Inclinati- 
ons, that they giue all encouragement vnto them, leaning the raynes, & v« 
^ fing all prouocations to further them : bad by Nature ,worfe by Art, Difci- 
tu^depralt- phne, r cuftomc 5 education > & a pcrucrfe will of their owne,they follow on, 
turingeniumne wherefoeuer their vnbridled Affections will tranfport them, & doe more 
ferctietli7b OMofm&otncJktfc will,thcn out of Rcafon. Contumax voluntas , as flit- 
it at™ bile] Untthon calls wjnalnm facit; this ftubborne will of ours, perverts our iudg- 
Tiura faemt rnents, which fees and knowes what fhould and ought to be done , and yet 
fKiZne[qutm nat ^Mancip/a £*/*,Slaucs to their feucrall lufts,& appetitc,thcy 
i ntione. a tt- precipitate & plunge f thcmfelues into a Labyrinth of cares , blinded with 
lm&iff Cm "'^blinded with ambition*, « 7 hey (ceke that at Gods hands , wb/ch theymnj 
Video meiiora giue vnto thcmfelues, if they could but refratne from thofe cares, and perturbi- 
froboq t dcterh- t ions ^wherewith they continually macerate thcmfelues \ But giuing Wiy to 
"vzwuditw thefe violent paflions of feare, gricfc, fhamc,revenge, hatred, malice, &c. 
wfi a CeiPCo. They are tornc in pcices,as Atfaon was with, his owne dogs , and w crusifie 

precipitant am- 

bitione& cupiditatibu exencau.rm'mteUigunt fttilndadijs petere,qued jibiipfis f$ veliru praftart pojjjnl. Si a emit drpertttfa' 
tunib <*,quibui aflidutfc macervitjmperare veUent. « Tanto ftudio miferiarumeaufas, & aliment* dtUirm quarimHf, vitfflh 
frMfeliciftimmjxlfci* & miferabilcm ejficimu*. Rtmcditi, &c. 

Svbsic. 4* 

Part.i.Scft.2. Sorm a caufe. Mcmb.j.SubL.}. 

S V B S E C. J f!> 

Sorrow a caufe of Melancholy* 

IN this catalogue of Paflions , which fo much torment the Soule of man, 
and caufe this malady ( for I will briefly fpeakc of them all , and in their S j^mTioi«r. 
order jihe firft place in this Irafcible Appetite, may iuftly bee challenged * Timor & m \- 
by Sorroto. An infeparable companion,* The mother and daughter of \MeUn- Ijjj^f*^ 
choly t her Epitome, Symptome y ank ch'tefe cauje: as Hippocrates hath it : They be • ^ 
get one another and tread in a ring,for Sorrow is both caufe & Symptome humrufim,* 
of this difcafc. How it is a Symptome (hall be (hewed in his place. That it is 
a caufe all the world acknowledged polar nohnullis infanU caufa fuit, & a- Apbttftj.ijt'. 
Itorum morborum infanabz hum Sikh Plutarch to Apollonius : a caufe of mat!- idem Mental- 
nefle.a caufe ot many other aiteales,a lole can le ol tni s milchieie, y Lemm- nrui ; F CUCnt i. 
us cal's it. So doth Rhafts ovnt.Li.T raft.Q.Guianeritu T ra ft. 1 /. cap.y And if nm pttl. mag. 
it take root once it ends in di(piire,as x Ftlix flutter obferues, & as in a Ce- \ e J e ^" 
bes table may well be coupled with it. h chryfoflome in his feaucnteenth E* hue ekUtfUmt. 
pi{{\cto Qlimpta^c^cnhcs it to be, a cruell torture of the Soule, amofl inexpli- ^j^^f' 
table greife,a poyfonedworme jon fuming body andfoule,andgnavping t he-very &ttiflitia fad- 
heart ,aperpet uxilexecut wncr ^coniinuati night, profound darkneffe , a ivhir/e- mt«r C edcrcmc- 
rvinde,a tempeft^n ague not appearing,heattng voorfe then any fire, and a battle ^'^tali. 
that bath no end: It crucifies xoorfethen any torture t no flrappado , no cmt.tfaltssra- 
hodtly pun/foment is like "onto it, Tis t he Eagle,without qucftion,which the f^if^fi 
Poets fained to gnawe c Prometheus heart. And no heau'meffeis Ukc vnto the ^erxmeia*. 
hcAuine([e of the heart ,Ecclus 2$.i $<i6.* Ettery perturbation is a mifery , but ibokam, & in 
griefe a crueil torment ,i domineering pailion.-as in old Rome,when the Dicla- d j^" mem 
tor wascreated>allinferiour magillracicsceafed; when gricfe appeares all * iu e tuftia, e- 
other paffions vanifh. It dries vp the bones, faith Solomon cap. 77. Pro, makes jjjjwi .t"" 
them hollow-cyed,pale,and lcane,furroW'faccd,to haue dead lookes^wrin- 
Wed broWes 5 riuelcdcheekes, dry bodies , and quite peruerts their tempera* •» Anmmm 
ture that are mifaffc&ed with it. As Elenora that exil'd mournfull Dutchefle ^ e JJ^ e " x l 
(in our \Et\g\\(hOutdJ laments to her noble husband Humphry Duke of 

CUcefler, Zmda& 
^Savefl thou thofe eyes in whofe f veet cheer efuH looke t gm"w%™ 
Duke Hum phrv once,fucb toy and pleasure ttoke^ cvnifexfjiret 
Sorrw bathf, *Mt*w? 

Thou couldfi not fay this v*s my Elnors face, & m ^ p r9 , 

UkeafowleGorgon,&c. fumUfemptf" 
* It binders concottion/efrigerates the heart, takes arfay fl omaike, colour ^ and f r ^J^t 
Jleepe;thickens thebloud (Fernel/us l/b,r<c<ip.iS. de morb.cau/is) Contaminates rem, mniignt 
the (ftrits{Ptfo jOverthro wes the naturall heat^ pcrucrts the good cftatc of v ^f^j" r c ^ 
body and minde, and makes them weary of their lines, cryout,howlcand 
roare for verv ansuifh of their foulcs. Dauid confeflcd as much-Pfalm.sS.S. batou : -- a*. 
J haue roared for the very d/jejutetnej/eof my heart. And PJal.11 popart, 4. v. ^j^^ 
cmni tyranao crudcliorcm ftafi fat. c Nat. Comes Mytho{,U.c.6. * Tuliy 3. Ttjc.oimis fertnrbttio rtifm* & camfema 
c/2 do'ar. f M.Vuylon in his her.ep. d Cvato canQl.x 1 . lib. z. mxTttia vnimjum infriydit c»rpm, caltrtm irutatum extingutt, 
typethkm defiruit. d Cor refrigem triflit'm, tyirittu exjiccat jmatumq, calorem obruit, vigilias xniucit, (oncalmem l*ktf*ft«t s 
f^mmmcrajjat, exaggerate '. mlancbolicHm ^ucem. * Spiritm &fa*guti bee cntavrwt*r,Pip, 

fake, r complained that he could not fleepe, and that his heart 

f i ;-^- I? ' hinted for priefe. C^himfclfe, , out ofanapprchenfionof 

• «*■ eric f e didrweatblood^^/^Hisfoule vvasheauytothedeath andno 

r5SS forroi was like vmo his. Crato confiUiMb.2.gmzs infence in one that was 
SW* fo melancholy by reafon of S griefe: and in a nob c ma. 

tdkfmmfr* h ^ „ , ot y r C aufe ofthtimtfchiefe.I.SJ). mHildc\heim fully cu. 

red a patient of his,ihat was much troubled with melancholy, and for ma. 
*Ma\mvnc$. nyycarcs i but afterwards by a little occafion of for rove, he fell into hu former 
tSmSF fitlandiias tormented as before. Examples are common how it caufcth 
'Hiidefam. mc l anc holy J defperation ) andfometimesdeathitielte.£rc/^^^//. Ofhea* 
peel i. dc me- v ^r e cmes death, worldly forrow caufetb death, 2. Cor.} ltn , 
nlmrn^ My life is wafted with heau^e/fe.and my year es withmourning.\Nhym% 
aucdete m{>n Hecuba faid to be turned to a Dogge? Niobe into a (tone? But ibr griefe ftic 
'r^T mta wasfcnfclcffeandftupid. Seuertu the Emperour 1 died for griefe; and how 
k a- m many myriads befides. Tanta iHi eft fer it as, tanta eft infanta helm. 
Me's'Jm"™' Melanclhon giues a reafon ofit, n the gathering of much melancholy blocd 
Ovid. m m about the heart; which collection extinguifbeth the good (pi r its, or at leaf 
l Harodian lib. dull? tb them forrow ft 'ike s the heart, makes it tremble and finest away^mth 
\rimmo™T g reat P a l™ : An * ^ e ^ acke ^ 00 ^ drawne from the Spleene,and diffufedvnfa 
unfmptu* eft. tberibbs, on the left fide , makes thofeperilow \hypocondriacall convulfions, 
™trM»Zfb% wfcch b.ippen to them that are troubled with Sorrow. 

Bi^td. r.ts Gt «- 

enfn bift. &c. * m mtflitU cor qua ft pe> cuffim conflringitur, tremit & langnefcit cum ac'i ftnfu defarli.ln trifiitia corfugiens el. 
tnbit exSplene kntum hnmorem melancholic um } qiii effufiufub coJlii[inJmifiro Utm hypoemdiiacos fiat.u faeit,quodfept accukm 
qui diHturni cmta & m<eflhtacosfliclaxmMeianclbon. 


Stisic, 5. 

Feare a ca ufe* 

Ofen gcrman to Sorrow is Feare,OYttthcr a filler^ fidus Achat es,xA 
continuallcompanion, an atliftant and aprincipall agent in procu- 
ring of this mifchiefe; a caufe and fymptome as the other. In a word 
p EtmntemX as ° vir g lt faid of the Harpies,\ may iuftly fay of them both, 
deb deem facr.U Trifius baud zllts monfirum, nec feuior vlla 
Zm & irA ^mftygijsfefeextulit vndu. 

deret.vanou- A faddcr monfter, or more cruell plague fo fell, 

ft£*G^ ^ r vcn S cancc or ~ tnc Gods,nc're came from Styx or Hell. 

s?*Z?l A di ™isfowle fiend of feare was wortoipped heretofore for a God amongft 
mifceitaneu. ™ c Lacedamonians,^ moft of thofe other torturing P affections & fo was 
fritnT' J. orr k owamon gft the "ft, vndcrthenamcof^^D^theyftoodin 
AngJr^ c7 ^ awc of chem ^s Auflin de Ciuitat. Dei lib. 4 . cap. g. notes out oiVarro, 
pontile, i*r*. was commonly q adored and painted in their Temples with a Lions 
hCad5a j ld aS Ma r ^ records MoM«^ r in the ~ alends ofjam . 
Wdanvr e ; & ar / ^gerona had her holy day, to whom in the Temple cfrolupia,or Goddeffe 
'JPfy"?S*f A '% u ™ ^dBijbops dUyearelyfacrifce^ that beine p/L 

tzar* '»«<<^^ ILL 

for that y ear e follow mg % Many lam cnuble effete this Fcarc caufcth in men, 

Paru.Se&.z. So/ttarinefie a caufe. Memb.z. Sub£<5. 

as to be rcd,palc,trct»blc , fweat, f itcaufethfuddencoldand heat to come 87 
ouerallthebody,palpitationofthc heart i Syncope,&c. ' Itamazeth many { J' m »rindueis 
men that arc to fpcake,or fhew themfelues in puolikc afTemblics, or before ^^ptJtimm 
ibmc great pcrfonages, as Tu/fy confeffeth of himfclfe that he trembled ftill vocU dtfealm 
at the beginning of his fpeech; and Demoflbetics that great Orator of Greece a %P^m. 
before Pbilippus; Jt confounds voice and memory,as Lucian wittily brings %ViXMi 
in Inciter Tragaedus , fo much afraid of his auditory, when hce was to f tm Ftrjpiritus 
make a fpeech to the reft of the Gods, that hee could not vtteraready b ^ fii ^ 
word,but was compelled to vfc Mercur/eshclpc in prompting. Many men ' sffufas cernU 
are fo amazed and aftonifhed with feare , they knowe not where they arc, f u s>' mes %»> : <w 
what they fay, c what they doe,and that which is woruyit tortures them ma« nuTinfL™*. 
nydayes before with continuall feare and fufpition. It hinders many hono* nu *F*untuan? 
rablcattempts,and makes their hearts ake, fad and hcauy. They that are in H c J^ m 
feare arc neuef frce, n refolutc,fecure, ncuer merry,but in continuall paine: turn mmmim 
that,as rives truely faid,iV///& eft miferia maior quam me tits, wo greater mi- c J*ft*m*t{*dA 
fcry 5 <no rackc, nor torture like vnto ic, eucr fufpitious, anxious, foliicitous, Zfemne& Z*. 
they are childillilydrouping^ithoutrcafonjWithout iudgemenr, *■ efteci- dabiimcmx. 
a(ly iffome terrible obiecl be offered,** Plutarch hath it. It caufcth many ^hJidSe!^ 
times fudd.iinc madncfle^and almoft all manner of difeafes,as I haue fuffici- « ub de fi>m* 
ently illuftratedinmy a DigrefTionofthc force of Imagination^ (hall doe u &*<&vmn- 
more at lar^c in my Section of b Terrors. Feare makes our Imagination co* 
ceaue what it lift 3 ic invites the Diucll to come to vs,as c Agrippa and Cardan fun tembUu %l 
avouch^andtyrannizcthouerourphantafie more then all other atfe&ions, KS ^!'r' Menu 
efpccially in the darkc. We fee this verified in moft,as c Lauater faith, Qu£ seff.z 'aiem, 
mettwit finguntfritox they feare they conceaue & faigne vnto themfelues, 4 
they thinke they fee Goblins,Hagges,DiueiIs,and many rimes become me- l^^ia 
lancholy thereby. Cardan.fubtil. lib, 1 8, hath an example of ftich a onc,fb feVmms\ti- 
caufed to be melancholy f by fight of a Goblin) all his life after, -^nguflus mr & ^ 
C^rdurftnotfitinthedarke, nifialtquo affidente } fakh f Suetonim, Nun- ZkifZpo^nt, 
quam tencbris euigilauit. And 'tis ftrange what women and children will c M defpee- ' 
conceaue vnto thcmfclues,if they goe cuer a Church .yard in the nfght . or "aht'M*** 
Iye 3 or be alone in a darke roorne 3 how they fweat and tremble on a fudden. fattquiZiinh 
Many men arc troubled with future euents, fore-knowledge of their for- . 
tuncsjdeftin ies,as Seueru-s the EmpcvouT^Adrian and Domman y Quod fciret Vua em ' 
vltimum vit^e dtemfmh Suetonius, "jaldefo'ltcittu , much troubled in minde % s e a.%.Mm 
becaufeheforeknewehis end; with many fuch,of which I fhallfpcakc more 4.^7. 
opportunely in g another place. Anxiety,mercyjpitty 3 indignation>&c.and ]££ vtrt ' & 
fuch ferall branches deriued from thefe two ftemmes of Feare and Sorrow, f cui. m a. 
I voluntarily omit,rcad more of them in * Carolm Pafcaltus^Vandinyu^ &c\ rt M< 

Svssbc. 6 a 

Shame and Difgracejaufes. 

ftarrie andDifgrace caufe mod violent paffions, and bitter pangs. Oh 
pudorem ejr dedeci# publicum ,ob err or em commiJJ*m,pepc mouentur gene- 
reft animi^Falix P liter lib. alien At, mentis t Generous mindes are of- 
ten moued with (hame,to defpaire for feme publikc difgrace. And he 3 faith 

M 2 fhik 


parc.i:S©a2. Caufes of Melancholy. Memk3^ b£6, 

fi§* S 'care^ndmi^K^ itis°as forcible a batterer as any of the reft: Many men 
****** pe^lcatht tumults oftheworld } and care not for glory, and yet they are afraid 
S of ln famy,re f ulfeM^^ canfeuerely contemnepleafure 

fajs/elixmn be are o'riefe indifferently ,bnt they are quite battered and broken with reproach 
Z7 h and obloquy: And are fo deie&ed many times for fome publike iniury, dif 
klUS. grace,as a box on the eare by their inferiour,to bee ouercome of their aduer^ 
quetur & mfe- i ar y/ ji e< j m the field, to bee out in a fpeech,or fome fowle fa6t committed 
^Muhhontcm. or diYclofed,&c. that they dare not come abroad all their Hues afcer 5 but m c < 
rami muni: Jancholifcin corners, andkeepe in holes. The mod generous fpirits are 
Sf TS* m °ft fnbied to it. Spiritm altos frangit & generofos: Hieronymus. Arifietle 
ghmmfidti- becaufe he could not vndcrfhnd the motion ofEur/pusfor gricfe and rfiamc 
menivif.tmiam, drowned himfelfe: Calms Rhodiginus antiquarJec.U.2p cap. 8» Homcrusyu- 
fu'jfm^ 3 >C dore confumptusjjvzs fwallowcd vp with this paflion of (harnc, becaufe he^j 
roiupmm fe- could not vnfoid that fi Jher mans riddle. Sophocles killed himfelfe , m becauf<_> 
ImmmlT'do a Trageed/e of his was hiffed off the ftage: ralcr. Max. lib. p. cap.12. Lucretii 
lore funimoiti- {tabbed her felfe,and fo did n Cleopatra, when file faw that fhee was refermi 
«rei,gtwamne- £ QY a tr i um y}jfo avoid the infamy. ^Jntonius the Roman* after he was ouer. 
^"nfamil gU ' come of his enimyfor three dayesjpace fate folitary in the forepart oft he Jbippe, 
k Gramfy con- abjlainingfrom all company, euen of Cleopatra herfelfe,cfr afterwards for ve- 
m'qMmdc- r y \hame,butcheredhimfelfe,Plutarchsuita eius. Apollcnius Rhodius P ml- 
trimentum.m fully banifljed himfelfe forfaiting his country, £r all his deare- friends, becaufe 
abictta mmis j oe was otl f ^ n rec iti n g his Poems, Plinius lib.n,cap.23* Aiax ran mad ,becaufe 
viut. inT'imot. "is armes were adiudged to Vlyjjes. mChina cis an ordinary tning tor luch 
l Qu6d pfato- as are excluded in thofe famous trialls of theirs, orfhouldtake degrees, for 
wrenmpoflt fl^me and griefe to lofe their wits, H Mat. Riccius expedite ad Sin as hh. 
m Ob Tragxu- j.cap.9. Hoflratus the Frier,tooke that book which Reuclin had writ againft 
m ixpiofm him ,vndcr the name of Epift.obfcurorum viroruSo to heart, th at for (harnc 

mortem ;wi g!a- , . r , . Vf f J . r . . . A 

dio confcMt. and gnete he made away nimlelre, r louius in elegies. A graue & learned Mi- 
^chm-Mit m nifter,and an ordinary Preacher at Alcmar in Holland, was one day (ashec 
pmri'Zfle- was walking in thefields for his recreation; fuddenly taken with a Iaskeor 
m iffamkbe loofenefle 3 and therevpon compelled to take the next ditch but being fup 
/ESjaS* P rifcdat vnawarcs, by fome Gentlewomen of his Pariih wandering that 
p/ut. ' way, f was fo abafhed , that hee did neuer after (hew his head in publike,or 
fenm dielt C ° mC ' nt0 the Pul P i,: -> but P inecJ awa y with melancholy: ( Pet. Foreftus wed. 

ditin proratia- 

obferuatj. j o.obfer.i 2. )So fhame amongft other paffions can play his prize. 
*»,ab(i t nc*sab ] knowe there be many bafc 3 impudent,andbrazen faced roaeues thatwil 
IZZtZl £ »fi?f'fe»e ^ 5 be mooucd with nothing 5 take no infamy or difgracc 
fo9ea fe inter- to heart 3 laugh at al.-lct the be proued periur'd 3 itigmati2cd 3 convicl: roaeues 

p 1* mle re t^T^ T^f^f* ™ Ud > P<>m5d X, 

maQet Ar g o- nifledjeuilcd, and derided, with « Ballio the Baud in Plautus } they reioyce at 
imtiea , obpu- it,cantores profos: babe and Bombax, what care thcy?yet a modeft man ore 

wore fe exulauit J J »*iati 3 vjii» 

fmninterfecerit. *f Propter ruborem cmfufut, (latimccpu 'deliL ^^m^i^-fV & P*c*t*,vtfi*- 

* that 


Bwvjy Malice, caujes. 

Mcmb,3.SubC7 # 

that hath grace, a generous fpirit, one that is tender of his reputation, will 8^ 

be deeply wounded, and To gricuoufiy affected with it, that hce had rather 

giue myriades of crownes_, loofe his life , then fuffer the lcaft defamation of 

his honour, or blot in his good name* Andiffobethat he cannot avoid it, 

as a Nightingale,^/** cantando vittamoritur, ( faith x Miz,aldus i ) dies for xfw '-7.2^ 

(kame if another bird fingbetter,he languifhech and pineth away in the an- 


Svbsbc. 7. 

Envy, Malice, caufeS* 

ENvy and Malice are two linkes of this chaine , and both as Guianerius ? Multa vide* 
Tracl.i f.caf.2, proues out of Galen,^ V caufe_j this ^f^VdT 
malady by tbemfelues,ejpecially if their bodies bee othervotfe difpofedto ummmelJcho- 
Melancholy . Tis Valefcm de Tar ant a, and Foelix flat ems obferuation, z lim'tmidife\ 
enuy fognavoes many mens hearts, thxt they become altogether melancholy. %Hm^ofum 
And therefore belike Solomon JPrm,i 4.1 3> calls U,tbe rotting of the bones. Cy^ cowraad banc 

priansuulnus occultum. . . a Siculi ncn inuenere tyranni a P' a Off* _ n . 

Mams tor went urn glt hmim » 

the Sicilian tyrants neuer inuented the like torrncnt. It crucifies their foufes, *dtb& ( orr<h 
withers their bodies, makes them hollow-ey'd, b palc,lcane , andgaftlyto d clchci^m 
behold . Cyprian fer .2. de zelo ejr limre, c ^as a Motbgnavpes a garment, 
fb,faith chry fv flome, doth envy confine a w^;tobeaIiuing Anatomy: aS/'£- \ H ^ viltii 
leton,to be a leans and d pale carcaffe,quickned with a * fiend, Hall in Chardft, m>rax,tcrzm 
For fo often as an cnuious wretch fecsanother man profpcr 3 to be enriched, ^ea^ypdy 
to thriue and be fortunate in the world, to get honours, offices, or the like, ZfmoS^ 
hee repines and grieues. « — f intabefcjtj^ videndo \ n dtniibm &c. 

Sue cejfuf homimim, — -fupp lie'wmqjuum efl : c ^? tlnea c «?- 

He tortures himfelfe if his equall,friend, preferred, commen- Zm/cfnvidk 
ded, doc well. Ifhe vnderftand ofit, it gaules him afrefh,& no greater pains ««»» 
can come to him,then to heare of another mans well doing, 'tis a dagger at Tp^j"™' 
his heart euery fuch obie6h He lookes at him,as they that fell do wne in Lu fedet, modes in 
cians rocke of honour 5 with an enuious eye,and will damage himfelfe to doe cor P ore tct0 - 
another a mifchiefe : As he did in vAfope, loofe one eye willingly , that his eckuZntf^ 
fellow might loofe both. His whole life is forrow.and euery word he fpeaks bkjne denes. 
aSrffyrMiothingfatshim but other mens ruins. For to fpeake in a word Jin. L^f 1 ex ' 
vy is nothing ellc but T riptta de bonis alienis, iorrow tor other mens good xku charity 
be it prcfent,paft,or to come: &gaudium deaduerfisfc g ioy at their harmes, am\- 
oppofiteto mercy, h which grieues at other mensmifchanccs,&mifaffecT:s 
the body in another kinde; (oDamafcen defines it, lib, 2. de orthod.fid. Tho- eo moriflruofus 
tnJs 2 2.qu4?t.j(>.art.i.Jri/totlelib.2.Rhet.c^ ZfitdmnTm 
Tufc.Greg'N virt.animx cap.i2*Bafil,de Inuidia. Pindarus Od.i.fer. z,rit,torret, dip 
5.andwefindeittrue. 'Tis a common difeafe, and almoft naturall to vs,as cmaat macie 
1 Tacitus hoIds,to enuy another mans profperity . And 'tis in molt men an pSJ^p^ 

win. primi. Advent. f Ovid. % Statuis emu BaftHiu ees comparatjui liquefinni adprrfentiam $o1is,qu$ alij gaudent & en nan- 
tttf.Mufcn alii qu<e vlceribm gaudenUamenaprxtereunt, fiftunt mfetidis. n Mifericordiaetiam que trifiitia quadam eft,fepe 
mftrantis eorpmmali, i Jnfit-.m merttalibm a natun recentem dmum ftlicitatem, «gru cadis intutri ? 

M 3 incu- 

]^^U [ Ca^of melancholy. ~~ Membj^ufeig. 

7; — ^rSle^af^T^^^, faith Marcus Aureliu S) Grcek~Hebrew y Chald, 
9 Authors, I haue confuted with many wife men jor a remedy for Ewy, /could 
*iegi chaidros, c nde nm ,£ u > to renounce a - happinefe,and to be a wretch and mifer able fir 
t3£& ever. Tis the of hell in this lift , and a palfion not to bee excufcd. 
JSfif nmC \ Every other finnehath fomepleafure annexed to it , erwill admit efanex- 
cufe&**dwmamfak> Other fmnes Ufi 'but for awhile the gm tm* /* 
ZZel&t fitUfied,anger remits Mr edh* th an end,enuy neuer ceafetL Cardan, lib . 2 . 
uti&perpetub J ^ , Oiijinc and humane examples are very familiar, you may runne and 
"owLcatn read them.-as thatofW and Dauidfain ^ Abel, angebat ilium non pro- 
mt excHfatiort prmmPcccatumfedfiatrUfrofteritMfatii Theodoret , it was his brothers 
vTl'femZi good fortune ^auled him. Rachel enuied her fitter, being barren,GV#. 
ZZTvtril X fephs brethrenliim Gen.j 7 . Dauidhzd a to.uch of this vice, as hce confeflcth 
cam , reiiqua m p j-j 37 &vA n /enmy&nd 6 Habakkuk, they repined at othcFs good 3 but in 
tnl t™cft the end they corrc&ed themfelues. Pfal. 7S .fret not thyfilfe, &c. Vamithn 
vifcit, yita fati- enuied Agricola for his worth, P that a priuate manfhouldbe fo mtchglorifi- 
atur.oimm fi' ^ cecinna was enuied of his fellow citizens, becaufc he was more richly 
da mnquam adorned. But of ail others/ women are molt wcake, »b pulthrttudinem mitt- 
W*f c ' lt - da funt fiemma : Mufaus : aut amat, aut odit .nihil eji tertium, Granatenfts. 
^muMop^- ' They loue or hatc,no medium amongft them. r Agrippa like, a woman iffhe 
ter ftidtoi. Jee h e r neighbour, more neat or elegant, richer in tires, Iewels,or apparell,is en. 
I ™f b ' i* **,' raged,and like a Lioneffe fits vpon her husband,& rayles at her,(coffes at her y 
Tinvi'ditprm- and cannot abide her: Co the Roman Ladies in Tacitus did at SaloninaCecin- 
l \ nomm nas wife,* becauftjhe had a better her fe, and better furniture^ as ifjheekd 
VStbfi.iib. hurt them with it, they were mu:h offended : In like fort our Gentlewomen 
i.ptut.6. doc at their vfuali meetings,one repines orfcoffes at anothers braucry and 
le&lZtitj happinefle. Myrfine an Atticke wench,was murthered of her fellowes, " be. 
qiem viderint caufejhe didexcell the reft in beauty \fonftantine Agricultjib.n .cap. 7 „E\nzrt 
mrimmfim Village will yccld fuch examples,- 

■publicum proai- o J t 

ifle.TLttiiu di- 

tLamorum. f Ant. Guianeritti lib.i.capHvh.M.^iurelu.f<emina vic'mum ekianiimfe teffittm vidert, leant iqflar in vhum'Wr 
ptfgit.&c. 1 £>uod mjigni equo &<ejlro veheretrtr ,qnanquam mU'm cum tmm ofaaim ilium tanquam Ufi giavibinM. 
^^wdj/ukhntudm omnesexct!laet : ptt£lle bidignau occidmmt. 

S V B S E C. ?J 

iALmulation^ Hatred, Fac7iou,Defre 
of revenge t caufes. 

OVtof this root ofEnvy,* fpring thofe ferall branches of faction^a- 
tred^liuor^mdation.which caufe the like grieuances, and Me/err* 
riAtmti*. amm*, die fawes of the foule, * cenfternaUonisplemafecluc^&L' 

T [°l dC Jr V ? tZ ama2Cment: or zs Cyprian defcribes emulation , it is 
vm radixomni- 7 a mothof theJoule,a confumptton, to make another mans happineffe his mifery 

Aod^fni, dM J Mh min »og">^hty dct t foans gr, tut, fgh tnitroune^day & »Mt 


T/Z' Z r° Je r LiVOre ' * ™<™ l 'fy a P-9. l$**tu tjlmmimea,** tabes Pe£l*k velar em altera velaUtrum Mid- 
UUm fumfacmpxnM,etvektquodmpeaonfuoadmoueYe cawiKrK rZi^ t ; n «i VrA r- j,-? 3 ^umfxlia- 

* without 

ParM.Se&2. Emulation, Hatred^c. Memb.$.Subf,8 

without All intermifiionsheir brexfi is tome afunder: and a little after, z who- 9 1 
jceucr he is -whom thoudofi emulate andenuyjbe may avoid thee J? nt thoucmjl 1 Q&fa™ $ 
neither avoid him .nor tby fdfe: wherefoeuer thou art, he is with thee, tbwe_j hvu^hZs, 
emmy is cuer in thy breaji, thy de fir notion is within thee, thou art a captiue^, » * Cubtcrf un- 
bound hand and foot, as long as thou art malitious,and enuiom,and canjl not be r ^°\f \ at I* 
comforted. It was the Diueiis ouerthrowe: & whenfoeuer thou art throughly fitger^a^etjk- 
affe&ed with this paflion, it will be thine, Yet no perturbation, paffion lb rt f tuu> tccum 

Common, ^ - - fimftrinfelfr 

•Kati Xt&iptu xtfetftei W7i« j£ lixlovi tidcf , 1 retuocjl, pcrni- 

K« ir\a>%>i if\vyju ip5uyt« xj dotJiQ' a9tJ^ t ' tics mtiu mclu- 

A Potter emulates a Potter, f^m^etvin 
One Smith cnuies another.- name mtivm: 

A beggar emulates a beggar, ncc foiam mi 

Afingngnnnhisbrother . , • ffijft^ 

Every fociety,corporation, andpnuate family is full of it , it takes hold al- to-aM* 
mod of all forts of men,ftom the Princej to the Ploughman) euen amoogft ^° c f 
Golfipsitistobefeene;fcarccthreeiaacompany, but there is fiding, fadti- ^ucypian. 
on, emulation betwixt two of them , fome fimnltas^ jarrc, priuate grudge, (ir.i,de^eio & 
heart-burning in the midft of them. Scarce two Gentlemendweli together /J&kdto 
jnthecountrey, but there is emulation betwixt them and their feruanrs, 
fomequarrcllor fome grudge betwixt their wiues, or children, friends, and 
followers,fomc contentio about wealthjgentryjpreccdency^ meanes 
of which,hke that; frogge in b tAZfope/bat would [well till jbe was as higgeas \*„™ di c b 2f* c 
an Oxe,but burfiherjelfiatlajl: they willftretcb beyond their fortunes, cul- diflendebat,&c 
lings,and ftriue fb long, that they confume their fubftancc in Law (utes,or 
otherwife i:i bofpirah.ry, feafting> to get a few bumbaft titles , &c. to out-, 
braue one another, they will tire their bodics/nacerate their fouIes,and beg- 
gar themfelues, 

Honcft c emulation in ftudiesjin all callings is not to be difliked, 'tis inge- ^^^vat* 
nisrum cos, is one calis it,thc whetftone of wit: the nurfe of wit and valour; culm poJler.voL 
and thofe noble Romans out of this fpirit did braue exploits. There is a 
modeft ambition, as Themiftocles -was ro wfed vp with the glory of Miltia- 
des; Achilles trophyes moued Alexander: 

^AmbirefemperflultaconfidentkeJ}, . ' j&ttmXfa 

Ambirt nunquamdefes arrogantia eH, 1 
'tis a fluggifh humour not to emulate or to fue at all , but when it is itrirho* is a plague. and a mjkrable paine. What a deale ofmony did Men* 
ry the i, and Francis the fir ft kfngoffVrf«^,fpend at that d famous interview? j^**'*^^ 
and how many vainecourtiers^eekingeachto outbraue other, fpent them* andQumc/ 
feIues,thcirliuelyhood,andfortunes,and died beggars. e Adria?itheEmpc> e spart'm. 
rour wasfo galled with it,that he killed all his equals; fo did Nero. This paf- 
fion made ^Dionyfius the Tyrant, banith /Y<tf<? and Philoxenm the Poet, be- {?l " mch ° 
cauie they did excell,and eclipfe his glory,as he thought.When Richard the 
firft,and Philip of France ,were fellow fouldiers together, at the fiege of A- 
ehonm the Holy land , and Richardhzd approued himfelfe to bee the more 
valiant manjnfamuch that all mens eyes were vpon him 3 it fb galled Philip, 
Trancum vrebat Regis victoria fikh mine 5 Author /am tgre ferre Richardi 
ghrimfJt carp ere dtc^a^alumniarifacJa: that he cauilled at all his pr ocee- lUebetUfen 


Parti* Se&x. Cattfes ofMelancbcfy. Memb.j.Subfp, 

9 2 dings.and fell at length to open defiance, hce could containe no longer, but 

* Nuila dies hailing horaejnuaded his tcnitories 3 and profefled open warrc. Hatred fiirs 
umum went contention.Prov.i 0.12.2nd they breakc out at laft into immortal! enmi. 
&ttriu bdu ty,into virulency 3 and more then Vatintan hate and rage,they perlecutc each 
mf/'* 1 ** g '~ ot h cr > tnc i r friends/ollowcrs, and all their poftcrity, i with bitter taunts, ho- 
itoJoii'umjkc ftiic warresjcurrile inue&iues,libclls,calumnies, fire and fword,and the like, 
aBiekvifkm effe arK ] vv j|j not b c reconciled. WitnctTe that Guelfe and Gibe/fine faction in in- 
*£™dtfix"?i- fy : tnat °f the Adurni and Fre^oft in Genoa: that of Cne/xs Papiriw, znd Qui». 
tcrcu'M, tusFabitu in Rome: C*far and Potnpey: Orleans and Burgundy in F ranee :Yor kg 
VtJmmifca, ^LancaJJer in England • Yea this paiTion fo *rageth many times, that it 
Jt vrbesfuhuer'. fubuerts not men only,and families,but euen populous Gitties, * Carthage 
tjt aiiquando , 2nd Corinth can witncflcasmuch^andflourifliing kingdomes are brought 
fm&jL into a wildernefleby it. This hatred, malice, faction, and defire ofreuenge, 
Mmed} ye- inucntcd firft all thofe rackes and wheeles, ftrappadoes, brafen bulls , feral! 
t^mS^t'. cn g ins >P r ifons>lnquifitions,feuerc Iawes to macerate and torment one ano- 
ro miferoi in ther. How happy might weebec, and end our time with blcfled dayes, and 
pofimdx mife- fwect content,if we could containe our felues, and as wee ought to doe' mit 
Sjermsur V P imu"«,learne humihty,meekenefle,patience , forget and forgtue , as in 
immerpt. k Gods word we are inioyned;compofe fuch fmall contro'uerfics amon^ft- 
bSSSZ oarfeluc$ > moderate our pailions in this kinde,<W thmke better of 'others, as 
pery fundtm 1 /Wwould haue vs,then of oar felues: be of like affection one towards another 
j^-*«¥ : and not attenge our felues, but h«tie peace with admen. But being that wee arc 

* pVul i. Col. f° pceuifh and pcruerfe, fo factious and feditious, fo malitious and envious: 
ifew. u. we doe mvtcem angariare, and vexe one another, torture, difquict & 

precipitate our felues into that gulfe of woes and cares,aggrauate our mifc- 
ry 5 and mclancholy.and heapc vpon vs hell and etcrnall damnation, 

5 v b secI 9, 
Linger tcauje. 

•Gratis A ^f^ crtur k a ^ preparing 

^t^P 7 /° mclanchol y> and it fclfe: Ira furor brivis efij 
Z% g , Piccolominem account* it ™*~f*u*+u _n._„._i i- 

fertamin anhm ''IfF™?"'***'*, the moft patient fpint that is,if he be often oroJinfc ed will 
mxducituri- be mcenfedto madnefle,it will make a Diuell oh W A /u r 3 J 

//belikcinhisHomily j,/^ calls it ^ A ,° d thcrcforc 

f Gilbert, cog. nonem tePimu™ ,h~A \ • ? llUncb f a * rAUo »'^morbum anim*,& A* 
**to imcrprcL Monem ? e P ^ th cdarkningofour vnderftandinp andahan a „«!n Z 
MMi&pr* *"» '* Mean To. /.will haue this oaffionfo,,, i g a " da ^ ad angclUX* 
iir/^, old men and women i^JTSf? 7° rkc ! hls ^«fp«dally in 
iffirparem i »- / , / , lwn >**ger ana calumny )[z\xh he Hrouble th , t flln A~ In* 
pr«hmjeci t , & * breake out into open madncfTe^any thinoi Tr J ■ l ir P> & *} tir . 
£ £ m**> l «" « ^irmuch/cnZ ^ m ™™*Sl}eci* 

torn,, btc M. u Jr r ve Mucbgretued) or awry • theftu 


Part.i,Se&.2. Anger. Memb.^Subtp 

things by tittles and littler lead them onto this mdladie^j. From adifpo- ' ?J 

fition they proceed to an habit, for there is no difference betwixt a madde 

man,and an angty man,in the time of his fit: Anger, as Laclantms defcribes 

it,//&. deiraDeiadDonatum } cap.$.\s n ftuaanimitempefias^c.k acrueltem- 9 s ***m m ^ 

peft of the mmde^making his eves /parke fire, and flare, his teethgnajh in hu Slm/^Hil 

head,bis tongue flutter, his face pale,or red, andrvbat more filthy imitation cm vtfiatim aritp 

he of a mid man. * Or a tunent trk^nigrefcunt fanguine vent, 'matjh^ut^ 

LuminxGorgcnioftuiuSanguemicant. bet , cm- 

They arc void of reafonjincxocdble^blindejike r beafts and monftersforthe Tq^ &c ' 

time.fay and doe they knowe not what,curfe,{weare, rayle, fight, and what 

not? what can a mad man doe more ? as he faid in the comedy , f Iracund/a i Terence, 

mn fumapud me f I am not mine owne man. It chefe fics be immoderate 5 c6- 

tinue long,orbe frcqucnt,without doubt they prouokemadneffe. Mcnta- 

nus confil. 21 »had a melancholy lew to his patient,he afcribes this for a prifi- 

cipallcaufe, Irafcebatur ieuihm de caajis , hee was eafilymoued to anger, 

ijjiax had no other beginning of his madneffevand Charles tkej.xkzt Luna- 

ticke French King, fell into this mifery, out of the extremity <Sf his paifion, 

defire of reuenge and malice, 1 incenfed againft theDukcof^r/>i/>//,hce l hifcnfa hi. 

could neither eat , drinkc,nor fkepe for fomc dayes together, and in the end ^/^^"'^ 

about the Calends of Iuly i^2,hcbecame mad vpon his horfc back, draw* fanecabum " 

inghis fvord,and flrikingall came neerc him , and fo conti- cepitwequie- 

nued all the dayes of his Ixfc^milMb. r.o.Gall.HiJl, t^gefippus de excid. vr~ ™m™"" 9% 

his Hieroflib. 1. cap. jf, hath fuch a ftor $ of £fr>W,that out of an angry fit, com'uet ocoJu, 

became mad, and u leaping out of his bcd,kiUcd lofippnsfe plaid many fuch f c - . 

Bedlam prankes, all the Court coulcr not rule him, for a long rime after; mrriafmm™- 

fbmetimes he was forry and repented^ much grieued for that hee had done, n:miq i impoim% i 

by anci by outragious againe. In hot cholericke bodies , nothing fo foonc l f c % 

caufeth madnefle, as this palfion of Anger , befides many other difeafes,as ufkbat aula, 

Telefius oblerucs cap. 21 -lib. ide hum.affeci. can/is ; fanqwnem imminuit, fel &c - . 

1 1 r J * J i L ' • % Anita poft 

Auget:nx\<\ as x VaUJim cont:oi\cns,mcd.controuJib.y.ccntroJ. many trmes hommminim- 

kills them quite out. If this were the worft of this paflfion,it were more to- 

lerable, 7 but it ruines And fubucrts whole townesf citttes , families & king- \ ^j™" 1 ^ 

domes-, Nulla pefis humano generi pluris fletit , faith Seneca de Ira lib.i. No v* mcmarem 

plague hath done mankindc fo much harme. Looke into our hiftories , and l ^^obiram. 

you fhall almoft meet with no other fubieft, but what a a company of hare- gU m&p7^ii 

braines haue done in their rage. W e may doc well therefore,to put this in w* contimt ** 

our preceflfion amongft the xd\:Trom all blindneffe of heart fiom pnde^vaine- 

glory, Andhypocrifie from envyjhatredandmalice^nger^nd all fuch pejliferom 

perturbations good Lord deliuer vs* 


SvBSEc. xoi 
T>ifontents y Cares } Miferits$c. etufes, 

Ilcontems jCareSjCrones.miferies.or whatfoeuet it is^that fhall cattfe 
any maleftation of fpiritSjgriefCjanguifli & perplexity , may well be * ub. s; 
reduced to this head 3 ( prepofteroufly placed heere in fomc mens JwMatfAbr 

Judgments they may fecrae) yet in that ^iriflotU in his b Rbet'oricke defines 

Part.i.Scd.2. Caufes of Mela ncholy. Mcmb.? .SubCip 

9 a thefc carcs,as be doth Envy, Emulation &c. ftill by griefe, I thinkc J may 
wcllrankctheminthislraiciblcrowj being that they are as the reft, both 
caufes & Symptomes ofthisDifeafe,caufmgthc like inconveniences,*^ 
ftill accompanied with anguifo & painc. Dementes cur*j*fimnes cur«,da m , 
■ inromnes n °f* curajrijles } mor daces ,carnifices &c. biting, eating, gnawing,cruell bit. 
cbuLm! ter > fickc,rad 3 vnquiet,pale > tetricke,miferablc,intolIerable cares as the ^Poets 
Trifles Vin, ca j} tncm WO rldly cares, & are as many in number as the Sea lands. 
Edam!li L or C /' Fernelimfdix Platterfalfcus de Taranta ^.reckon afflidions, miferics, 
""ft*,' and all thefc contentions,^ vexations of the minde. as principall caufes,in 
d1mo'fc V,tl ' tIiat tnev takc avva y Aeepe ; hinderconcoaion 3 dry vp the body, & confute 
i^euMan. the fubftancc ofit. They are not fo many in number, buttheircaulesbca* 
Vrcntes,Rodei. ( }j uer fe 3 & notone of a thoufand free from them, or that can vindicate him* 
fSj'' fclfc,whomthat^/tf^4, 

c.7. ddociiaffc- f per bominum capita moUiter ambulans , 

ffo. homines plant as pedum teneras habens: 

funtmaxime r 

meimchoiid, Ouer mens heads walking aloft, 

qmndh vi$U With tender feet treading fo fort. 

™tllmfoi[& Homers goddefle Ate, hath not involucd into this difcontented ranke , or 
lafortius, & plagued withfome mifcry or other. A generallcaufe,a continuate caufc,an 
C (Tcumvemi inseparable accident to all men,is difcontenr 3 care 3 mifery; were there noo> 
\iman.?o- ther particular affliction (which who is free from? J tomolcftaman in this 
• o'maa im er ^ e :> tnc very cogitation of that common mifery, were enough to macerate, 
fe£ta ) mp!if* > & & make hinrweary of his life • to thinke that he can neuer be fecure , but dill 
perturbatienc in danger, forrow,griefej & perfecution. For to begin at that houre of his 
tW.iMatM. birth, as f /7/*/doth elegantly defer ibe kjje u - borne naked , andfals alrvhi- 
tap. i . \wmiwm ning at the very firftjre is j wadled and bound vp like a pr /finer , and cannot helf 
Tatt!!mett aCt ^imfelfe ,and fo be continues to bis Hues end. Noefhte, age, fexe, can fecure 
naturajiensab ,himfelfc from this common mifery. A man that is borne of a woman , is if 
initio, devinOus fhort continuance. and full of trouble Job. j 4. i.v erf. 2 2, and while his fiejh is ift$ 
TLtu^y.. btmjtefbali be forrowfukand while his foitle is in him, it fhallmourne. 
hp, ; $ jk^- All his dayes arcforrow, and his trauels griefes, his heart alfc taker h not nft 
*" the *#'> Ecc,£ ^- 2 3. And cip.2.rr.ahkat is in it isforrcw and vexttm 
™ rfjfirtt. ^ tngrelfejrogreffcsegreffesgreffejill&like^ blmdneffe feazcthmvs 

■ ll\7cbwans ln he £ wnin &Mo»r *» the middle. grief e in the end.errorin all. v/kataaji- 
■7n : J*Z'& ri ( etht °™?vithout[omegriefcorcare, or what fo fecure^andfleafinga mot- 
hchrjmam mi- ning haue wee feene, that hath not beene ouer-ca/l before the euenin?? One is mi- 
fcr . abIc > anothec man is ridiculous, a third odious. One companies of this 
tMtprognjptm, grieuance^nother of that,and icuerywhere danger, contention anxictytn 
St" a - P Iaccs *goe where thou wilt, & thou (halt finde difcontents, cares,wocs, 
m-. quem traw co P ,ai nts,incumbrances,exclamatios: ifthougoe into the market \there{(M 
qwUum qulfo, ^Chryfftome) u brawling and contention^ if to the court, thereknavery ifil 
no7J°lut:J At l c r bf'' tftoapriuatemanshoufe, there s carke and cdre y heauineffe &c. 
xiumdiemeg'- ashe laid ofold, k Nilhominetn terra Jpiratjm (erum marisalma ' 

?3£SE , N ° " catUre f° m 'f^ as m A° jf ° S cncw "y moIcftccT, 1 in 'cfbdj, 
%%>r, in ™f^> *fmi*de/mfm€s*f heart;** miferiesafleepJnmiJies awake in 

* m ^ n ^<>cmbiiuquocund.mvertm.ljpfiuu itim.\<3.Si'mforHmiverU]hi*;~, r- 
^mpnvatZ^ * Hover. >MultI te^tur ^£2^25^^^ 


Part, i , Se&.i. *Dif content^ Cares ^c. Memb.$ . 

mtferies where foeuer he fumes Bernard irtlerrcs, Nu nqmd tentatio efi vita $ 5 
human* fuper terramf a mecre temptation is Our life {Aufm confejf. lib. 16. 
cap. 2 S.) & quis potefl moleflias ejr difficult at es pati ? who can endure the mi- 
fcrics Q{\i?j In profperity } we are infolent and intolerable ^dctecled in aduerfity^ t Ublandime 
in all fortunes fiolifh andmiferable. * In adverftty I wifh for pro/ferity, 'and in f ^i^t' 
prcjperity Iamafraidofadverfttyx whit mediocrity may bee fou*d? where is no mtcubus Ingt- 
'temptation) what condition of life is free? ft Wife dome hath labour annexed to b I"-^" • 
it\glory envy\ riches and cares ^children and incumbrances ^pleaftire anddifea- . ^J^ a „ m m ^ tn ' 
fes/ep andbeg^erygoe if a man rtere therefore borne ^ ( as the fli- m Ptofiwri* 
tonifh hold) to be punfyed tn this life , for feme precedent finnes. Or that, as ^f^^Jk 
Pliny complaines ,A/ at ure may be rather accompted a flepmother , then a mo- ptofptris tiwco, 
ther vnto vs^afl things confidfred: no creatures lifefo brittle \ fo full of feare^fo 1 m . inter blfC 
madjfo furious ^onely mm is plagued tcith envy^ difcontent^ griefs, couetouf- ^ ^ 
nejfc } ambition, fuperfition. Our whole life is an Irijh Sea, wherein there H •fceiwi- 
nought to be expected but tempeftuous {tormes, & ffj'j fl 

5 . r . . r \ mi ■ r %r r • i CardancontsL 

Hdcyontan times, wherein no m3n can hold himielfefecure, of agreewith s^taui* Ul»r 
this prefent eftate: but as Bo'ethiiis inferres, p there is fomething in euery one of ^nexus, gloria 
<vs yvhich before try all wee feeke , and hauingtryed y abhorra_j:^Wec earnefily ^^fobolifoil 
wijh and eagerly couctyind are eftfoones weary of it. Thus betwixt hope & citudo^olupati 
feare, fu fpitions, angers , r Inter fpem^metum^timores inter tjy iras, ^Z^mlTlt 
betwixt fallings in, fallings out &c. weeleadc a contentious, difcontenr, quefihetiaorm 
tumultuotis,melancholy 5 mi(crable life. Our townes cV citties are but fo ma- fceicmmcaufZ 
ny dwellings of humane mi (cry./* which gru fe and forrowfizs he right wel " a Jj" s ^^Z- 
obferues out of Solon ) innumerable troubles jab or s of mor tall men , and all ma- tmflisapiojcere 
ner.of rites are included at in fo >many pennes .Our villages arc like mold hi'ls, ^^^V- 
& men as fo many Emots } buiie,buiie ftiJl, going to and fro, in and out, and Jare'anmtiet 
crofljng one anothers,proic£ts,as the lines of feuerall Sea-cardes. cut each o- farmmma 
ther, in a Globe, or Map. Now light and merry , but ( * as one followes it ; ^iTnlZlT 
by-and-by forrowfuli and hcany^now hoping^ then aiflrufting^now patient^ to /ucrit.-nutlifr*- 
morrow ayix? out-, now pale .then red-, running fitt/nq-Jrveztine* tremblina. gdwwt*jp*~ 
haulting &e.Somz few amongtt the relt,or lome one ot a thouland, may be biesmam> m 
PulJsis lovisjn the worlds efteeme,or Gal/ins filius alb<e.zn happy ft fortunat animntium 
man.becaufe rich.faire^well alliedjin honour & officeryer peradventure aske ZttlTn'olitia 
'himfelfe,8d He will lay^that of all others f he is moft miferable,& vnhappy. mfufritie. 
■faire Qiooe,^/c foccus novus^elegans, as he £ _ faid,^ nefcis ubi urat ,but thou p ^ccnfoi. 6b. 
knowft not where it pincheth. It is not another mans opinion can make me ) um Zldhim 
hap'py; but as 11 Seneca well hath it, He is a miferable wretch^ that doth not <tc- fua concordat, 
compt himfelfe happy. thouoh he be Soueraivnclordof a World : he u net happiejf Me fi H«b 
he thinke himfelfe not to be (oifor what waileth it what thine ejtMe is,or jeeme pe:ant } experti 
toothers^ tfthouthyfelfedijlikeit. A common humour it is ofallmento \ me f!*' hmre 
thinke well of other mens fortunes,and diftike their own: x cui placet tlterius, „S i mx'.(iip 
fua. nimirum eft odio for si but 7 quiff Meuna* % &c} how comes it to paflc, plket. 
what's the caufe of ft? Many men are of fuch a peruerfc nature,they are w ell ' f o r T ; heus in ^ 

Job. Vtba & 

tppida nihil al/'ud funt quam buntavarum trumarm dotnkilia, quibw Incite & n>*ret> & mortalium vary infinitiq. ]* b ™*>&' 
»mu generis vitk, quaft-feptis includuntur. * ?tyt. Cbytreui Ma. Eur op*. Let m nunc, mox triftii ; nmcftefans, paulo io(l dip- 
dent ; patiem bodie,cvat eiuUm; nunc patient, rubtns, currens, fedens, chudicam, tremm &c f Sua. atlg Otemtts prmpua. 
<Ca. Gftecinm u ep.9 hb.7. Miferejl quife beatijftmumnon 'mdicatJiceiirnpcretmkndo,mnefibtam^ 
cmrtfmcytaliillatHi tM*ft> fi tibi vide tur malm, * Hor.epJ.i.*. y Hor [er.i.Sat,i. 

N a plcafed 

Parc.i.Sea 2. of Melancholy. Mcmb^S ubtio. 

TT^kl^dwith nothing (faith * Theodoret) neither with riches norpouerty, thty 

t p/aine when they are welled when they areftcke, grumble at aU fortunes, 

v «4M.c>h pro fh er it y unci adverfttyi they are troubled in a cheape yeare, tn a barren, plenty 
i£ffm oriot plenty, nothing p/eafeththem,warre 

fatetM add cut.lhxs for the moli part is the humor of vs all, to be dilcontent, milerablc, 
^ttlw andmoftvnhappvjaswethinkeatleaftiandfhewmehimthatisnotfo, 0r 
wcmJmUu that euer was otticvmfeQuintM Metelluthis felicity is infinitely admired 
txfofiuUnube- araon gft t h e Romanes, info much, that as a Paterculus mentioneth of him, 
tuXZr you can fcarce findc of any Nation,order,age,fexe, one for happinefle to be 
et^ut femcidi- compared vnto him: he had in a wotd,bona animi^orporis,ejrfortuna^ goods 
C dd£ l &c of mindCjbody ,and fortune: fo had P.Mutianus b Crajfus. Lampfaca that U 
cedtmonianLzdy.wzifach another in c Plinies conceipt, a Kings wife, 4 
tcntissMU,or- Kin ~ s mot fj e r t a Kings daughter, and all the world efteemes as much ot Poly. 
£S^S" crates of aww/.The Greekes br agge of their Socrates, Phocyon, Arifiides, the 
fciictatan for- Romans of their d CatojCurius^Fabricius /or their compofed fortuncs.andre- 
SjJJjS,, tired eihtes.goucrnmcntofpafTions.and contempt of the world: Yctnonc 
hpxraffiu Hu- of all thefe was happy>or free from difcontcnt, neither Metellus ,Cra{fus, nor 
Ttur ^^^ / >f° rnc ^* e ^ av *°^ cnt ^ catn 3 an ^ fo did Cato. And how much cuiU 
nrmlwwm doth LacHantius and Theodoret fpcake of Socrates , a weake man ,and fo of the 
tmximimU reft .There is no c onteht in this lifcj but as e he faid/// is 'vanity and vexation 
tbd^iZbi- ^/>/V; lame and imperfe&.Haddeft thon Sampfins hairc, Mite 's ftrcngth, 
lijfims.eioque- Scanderbeggs xtvaz ^Salomons wifedomc, Abfolons beauty, Crafsu his wealth, 
m^iSm c *f ars va ' or Alexanders fpirit,T ullyes or Demofihenes clcquence/Tjgw ring, 
Tmtlftx mxi- Per fetes Pegafus and Gorgons hczd,NeJlors yeares to come, all this would not 
**f; . make thee abfolutCjgiue thee content 3 & true happinefle in this life, cr con. 
fifa^l'gufxor, tinueit.Eucn in the middeftofall our mirth, jollity and laughter, isforro* 
regil mater. * and gricfc: or if there be true happinefle amongft vs/tis but for a time, 

* mbU (Depnit in pifcem mulier formofa fuperne: 

wiQum malt r . .' ' J . . J r J J r . _ 

autdix'tjutfe. a faire morning turnestoalownngafternoone. Br tttus and Cafctis.onctit* 
teri'm^'T nownc ^a DOt ^ eminently happy,yet you fhall fcarce finde two ( faith Pater- 
ci" qSlher eulus) quosfortuna maturius deftituerit,v/hom fortune 
facere nonf*. nibal a conquercr allhislife,met with his match,and was fubdued at laft, 
™'domm Ec *s • 1 ° c f» rrit f<> rt '> qui mage fortis erat. 

cief.i .t 4 . One is brought iiyn triumph,as Cafar into Rome, Alcibiades into Athens^* 
Un^viti r ° nU *" reil ^^crowndjhonoured.admircdiby-and-by his ftatues demo- 
rwT** vi a Xifhcd^hc hifTed out 3 Maffacrcd &c. t Magnus Gonfalua that famous Spanr 
ard, was of the Prince and People at firft honoured, approucd 5 foorthwith 
confined and banifhed. ^Admirandas actienes, graves flerun^fequuntur in- 
vidia, & acres calumnU: 'tis Polibius his obferuation , grieuous enmities, & 
bittcrcalumnies commonly follow renowned a&ions. One is borne rich, 
dies abegger: found to day,fickc to morrow: fo manycafualtics there arc, 
that k Seneca faid of a citty confumed with firc^/M dies inter eft inter mam- 
mam ctvitatem & mUam ^z day betwixt a great citty,and none : fo many 
grievances from outward accidents,and from ourfelucs, our own indifcrc- 
tion,inordinate appetitc,onc day betwixt a man, man. And which is 
Worfc,as if difcontcnts & mifcncs would not come faft enough vpon vs- fr. 
mo homtnt damon wc maul pcrfccutc, and ftudy how to fting, gaule & vexc 
oncanothcrwithmutuallhattcd 3 abufcs^iu^ preying vpon, &dcvou- 


Part i.Sed.2. Difcontents^Cares&c Mcmb.j.Subi^io 

ring,asfo many Sraucnous birds, and as juglers, panders, bawdes.cofening 97 
one another 5 or raging as h woiues ) tigers ) and diuels; menareeuill, wicked, l0mm ^ CttHi 
rnalicious,treacherous , and 1 naught, not louingoneanother,orlouing ^tm^autl^ 
thcmfelues,nothofpitall, charitable, and fociable as they ought tobc, but davera 
coiinterfaic,diflembIers,ambo-dexiers,all for their owne ends, hard-hearted, ^'^iL 
mcrcilcfTe,pitileiTe,&tobenerltethernrelue$, they care not what mifchiefe rant. bum. 
they procure to ethers. » Fraxinoe and Gorgo in the Poet 2 wben they had goc h H °moomie 
in to fee thofecortly ilghts,they then cryed,W^/,and would thruft out all 
the reft; when they arerich thcmfelues,inhonor,preferred,full,& hauecuen *»* hefafr 
what they would , they debarre others of thofepleafures which youth re- r c S?/j^r 
cwires,& they formerly haueinioyed. Heefittes at table in a foftchairc at tl^dpater'. 
eafe>but he doth not remember in the meane timc,rhat a tired waiter ftands dc 
behind him ,an hungry fellow mm) fen to him full, he is skkhfi tbatgiues him ^beMotu^l 
drinke(hith*Epiftetus) and is fdentvchilejl heejp*akes hupleafure , penfiue far amoi nj, 
Jtdvphcnbe hughes .Fknofe prolutt auro ; Hee fe.ulcs and profufely fpends ahtbeUHmtnter 
hath variety of robeSjfweetcmuficke, &all the plcalurc that the world can paratio,auti?tfi. 
afford, whtleft many anhunger-ftaruedpoore creature pines in the ftreet, 
wants clothes to couer him,is in great diuretic & forrow of heart.He lothes 2? fl &. mw * 
& (corncs his inferiour,hates or emulates his equal!, enuies his fupcrior, in- ' Theoaitur 
fults oucr all fuch as arc vrder him , as if hee wcr- of another Species, a demi- l d ^' l l j • 
god,not fubied to any fall.or humane infirmities. Generally they loue not, tttenfi^vonme' 
arc not bcloued againe.-They tyre outothcrs bodies v. ^th continual labour mirij tjibi etiod 
they themfelues lining at ealc,caring for none els, fibi nxti; and are fo farre 7 f^elmtt 
manytimcsfrom putting to their helping hand, that they fecke all meanes fmmtesjnbtnti 
todeprefTe, eucn moll worthy & wtli-deferuing, better then themfelues, f ltimes &e. 
thofe whom they arc by the Lawes of Nature, bound to relicue and helpe, 
as much as in them lies.thcy will let them cater-waulejttcrucbeg and hang, k Jg?«wfi m 
before they will any waves ('chough it be in their powerjaflift or cafe them: 
k fo vnnaturall are they for the moft parr, fo vnregardfulf, fo hard, fo chur- fatfa&lb- 
lifh,proud,infolent,fo dogged,of fo bad a difpofition. And being lb brutifh, rm,voiupatet 
fodiueliiTily bent one towardes another, how is it poffible , but that wee m^!luM^ 
ftiould be difcontent of all fides,full of cares,wocs and miferics. pmnt d*mm 

lfthisbenotafufficient proofeofour difcontent, examine cuerycondi- cminmitele - 
tion cV calling apart. Kings, Princcs.Monarches, and Maeiftrates feeme to g "iugubw uu 
be molt happy,but looke into their eftate, you fhall finde ' rhem to be moft lu£lu i fa» 
incumbred with carcs,in nerpetuall feare,agony, fufpition, jealoufic: that as TbfdTanZ 
m he faid of a Crowne, if they knew but the difcontents that accompany ir, eft tnyuita 
i hey would not ftoopc to take it vp. Quern mihi regem dabis ^ faith t Cbry- ■£ / '^ w * ^ 
/t q 9mt) non cur is plenum? What King canft thou ("hew me, not full of cares? quam mtUu ho- 
tel. J{on bum 
m.Valer. lib.7, 

loo, » not on his CTowne,but confider his <tfflic~tionS\Attcnd not his numbor offer 
u ttSybut multitude cferojfes. Nihil aliud pete jl as culminis 7 quam tepeflas men 

ro be a Indge,orbecondened,wereput to hischoice,he would becondcncd. "f e "**»yon 
Rich men arc in the fame predicament-.what their paines are./»/// nefciunt, J^^^s 
ipfi fentiunt, they feele,foolcs perceiue not, as I fhall proue elfcwhere, and mukiiudmtm. 
their wealth is brittle, like childrcns rattles: they come and goc a there is \^l x ^ M 

Part.i.Se&<2. Caujes of melancholy. Memb. j.SubtiQ 

^8 no certainty in them ; thofe whom they eleuate , they doe as fuddenly de- : 
preflTc,and leaue in a vale of mifery. The middle fort of men are as,fo many 
aiTjs to bcarc burdens ; or if they be free, and line at eafe,they fpend them- 
felues^and conflime their bodies & fortunes with luxury & riot^contention, 
V S fkb'e£tT lf ' cmil l a « on >&c.Thc poore I refcrue for another n place,& their difconccnts, 
J ' For particular profeffions,I hold as of the reft, there's no content or fecurity 
in any. On what courfe will you pitch, how refolue ? To "be a Diuinc,'tis 
contemptible in the worlds efteemc. To be a Lawyer, 'tis to be a wrangler, 

* Ztercn6& u . "c b e a phyfitian, */>udtt /ot/j t lozthcd. A Philofopher,a mad man ; an A!- 
T PclZ\rimT chymift,abcgger. A Poet,^«r/>,an hungry lacke. Atylufitian, a player. A 

Schoolemafter, a drudge,; An Husbandman, an Emmet. A Merchant,hi$ 
gainesarevneertaine. A Mechanitian, bale. A Chirurgion, fui/bme. A 
Tradcfman,atlier.ATaylor 9 atliicfe. A Seruing-man,a flaue. ASouIdier, 
d*mmenicndo. a butcher. ASmyth 3 oraMettlemati,thepot'5neuerfrom'sno{e. ACour* 
luii.offic. tier } apara(ne:ashc could finde no tree in the wood tohanghimfclfc:! carv 
ftew no ftate of life to giue content. The like you may fay of all ages: chil- 
dren liue in a pcrpetuall ilauery, ftillvndcr thattyrannicall goucrnmentof 
Matters; yong men ,& of riper yeares, fubiecl: to labour, & a thoufand cares 

• tout fetx of this world; o old are full of aches of their bones, crampes&convulfions, 
f*2[»Hcr. aburdcn to themfelues and others, after 7 o yeares, *lluforro*> fas mud- 
*teo. fpeakesj they doe not liue, but linger. If they be found . they feare difcafesj 

if ficke,aweary of their liuesrM?* e/l viverefedvalere vita.Qnc complaints 
ISHffi P fvvan ; 3 mother of feruitude, P another of afecret or incurable difeafe, of 
mndtcos; qud lomc dcrormicyofbody,offomcloflc, danger, death of friends fhipwrack 
I7dttt P^^^mprifonment^fgracc/qjulfc, <l contumely, calumny, abufej 


inmry,conten)pt,vnkindnetTe, Icoffes, floutes, vnfortunate marriape finck 
d, m. v.r. lite too many children,™ children/alfc fcruams, vnhappy children banco. 

^^.'"ni^ent.oppreffion/ruftratehopes, & all ill fuccelTe &c. ' 
I »«. r Ta/ " f degenere hoc a del funt multajoquacem ut 

ITrtf 7 ' Cy "f 2 ff fubie£k of whole Volumes, Sc fhall fome 

4X« ^ r h , c ^e more opportunely dilated elfewhere. In. the meane time thus 
mfmbi, „■<. ,ch J ™y ftyofthem.thatgenerally they crucifiethefouleofman facte 

t«* *» * « --you 

■ «« r <* 7Z la n U % M J xd ^ ^^cumberfome daye S , 

f'^ 4 ' i | ow ' A, ^f d h^»ydayes,makevsho W leandroareandtefrco.« 
num. haires,asforrowd dintc^> f->KI» */ 7 , 1 ""^ ina ceareom 
n 1 ■ J. ., L 'Stable, & groaneforthe vervanenrth ofour 

to be rid of theft miferS ' ' 4 °° audltors > P teci P^ °«r (eke* 


Parc.r.Sed.2. Concuftjable appetite ,<csrc. Mcmb. g.Subfi r 

SVBSHC. Hi * * 

Cincupifcible appetite , as Defire Ambition ^ ca fifes. 


THcfcConcupifciblc and Irafcible Appetites, are as the two twiftsof 
a rope^mutually mixt one with the other, and both twyning about 
tbcHeart:bothgood,as^/?/>zM^ * if they be l^J^l 

moderate: both pernitioui if they be exorbitant.lhis Concupifcible appetite^ tur t msL fiex- 
howfoeuer it may feerac to carry with it a {hew of pleafure and delight, and orb \ ta ^ 
our Concu'pifcences moft part affect vs with content,and a pleafing obie£t 3 
yet if they beinextreames, they racke& wring vs on the other fide. A true 
faying it is, Defire hath no reft , is infinite in it felle , endleffe, and as y one y Thg buouU, 
calsit, aperpctuall racke, * orhorfe mill, according to Auftin, ftill going w - 8l > 
round as in a ring* They are not fo continual!, as diver s^faa lius atomos de- \*^ lma !' r,ci ~ 
numerate poJpm,&'nh 1" Bernard, quarn mottts cordis, nunc h<ec,nunc ilia cogito: t Tnft.dc in- 
you may as well reckon vp the motes in the Suane, as them. a It extends it Jjf^-**' 
felfe to euery things Gmanerius will haue it, that is fuperfluoufly fought after-, bet remwUndi 
or to any b feruent depress fernelius interprets it bee it in what kinde toe- h<ec V a !fi° fieri 
iier,it tortures if immodcrate,and is (according to c Plater and others) an e* ^Jj$ 
fpeciall caufe of Melancholy. Multuofis concupifcentijs dilaniantur cogitate tm. Traft.i^. 
6ncs me.e y A ^Juftinconfcfc.d^ that he was torneapieces with his manifold tjj^y*'. 
defires: and fo doth c Bernard complaine, that hie could not reft for them a dcfidenum. 
minute of an houre\ this /would haue, and that, and then I defire to befuch and c iwprimis vera 
fitch, t'is a hard matter therefore to confine them, being they are fo various l^faiimmen 
and many,vnpoflTible to apprehend all, 1 will onely infill vpon fomefewof HmfM.cxf 
thechiefe,and moft noxious in their kinde, as that exorbitant Appetite and * pfr ^«:te 
Defire of Honour, which wee commonly call Ambition ; Loue of mony, tmpmmo^ 
which is Courtcufneffe^hd that creedy defire of gaine^^-Z^^and inordi- menu qukfco, 
natc defire of Paine- glory or Applau fe, Loue of Study in excefle: Loue*of voo . ^ ^f 1 ^ . 
7«w,(which will require a iuft Volume of it felfe) of the other I will briefly III ^Umben 
fpeake, and in their order. defiden. 
Ambition, a proud couetcufnefTe,or dry thirft of Honour, a great torture 


ofthe - '.ndejCompofed ofenvy 3 pYide 3 andcouetoufnefTe, a gallant madres, « Ambrof.B.^, 
on e f defines i t 5 S '^'mhrofe, a can ker of the foule,an hidden plague: k Bernard, f uper Lucam > - 
a jeer ft poyfon^he father cfl;ucr^& mother of hypocrifte, the methofholineffe, ^mUanlmum 
andcaufeofmadnes, crucifyingnnd clifquistinga . that it takes hold of. ^Sene- cr '«iat, nihil 
ca cals \iyemfollicitam,timidam,vanam>ventofimj\ windy thing,a vainejfol- ^atftcmum 
Ii<fitolis,and fearefu 11 thing. Forcommonly they that like Syfifhm^ rolle this vmu.peflu cc~ 
reftleffeftonc of AmMtion,are in a pcrpetuall k agonyjftill 1 perplexedly^- eulta&c. epft,, 
per tacitifriftefy reccdunt i ^r^.doubtful^timorous/ufpitioils, loath to »*£/>. 8?. 
offend in word ordeed,ftillcogging & colloguing,embracing,cappine,crin- k 
ging,applauding,flattering, fleering, wayting, vifitingarmensdoores with fZV^Z 
all arfjbility,counterfeithonc{ty and humility. If that will not feme, ifonce dub}tatio,quan- 
this humor (as ™ defcribes it)pofiefle histhirfty foule, ambitionU tm 

, J 3 quanta folliatw 

dffjtutiailtis i 

nokfliu vacua bora. ' Semper attomm^femper pavidtu^quiddicat, faciatve: fie ditpliceatJhmilUatem fimulat^oncfttfemwcn* 
titur. m cypr. proleg ad fer.To.i. cunclos banorat, inclinat, fubfequkitr, obfequitur, frequetat cur'tat, vijitat ofiimst& 3 
n^lcxaHtr t app!andit^dultitur: perfu& nefas i latebmjn ormcm g-adnm ubi aditmpatet, fe ingeritydijcurrit. 


Parr.i. Scdt.i. Caafes of Melancholy. Memb.j.Subf h 


n Turb.t cont 

falfugc »bt btbuLm animampopkt, by hookc and by crpokc he will obtaine 
i\ t x»dfiom his hole he wiHcl/mbe to alt honours and offices, if it he pofible fir 
«** re • him to ret vp, flattering onejbribing another, he willleaue no meant s vnaftayd 
KS- to w*a&. 1 tis a wonder to fee how flauirtily thefe kindc of men will Abie* 
pmmmcm t h«mfclucs,wheri they arc about a canvas, to euery inferiour perfon, what 
ZT m paincs they will rake,runne,ride,can\plot & countermine^ roteft & fwearc, 
opiuta cbM. vow,promife,\vhat labours vndergoe, earely vp,downe late ; how obfequi- 
& affable th-v are how popular and courteous>how they grinnc & fiierc 
»tf rikfaw, vpon eucry man they meet* what fealhng & inviting, how they lpend them* 
lnomm n f c j ues & t hcir fortunes, in feckingthat many times, which they had much 
better be without; as ° C;w* the Orator told fyrrhus: with what waking 
wthedmcLt- nights,pa!nfull houres, anxious thoughts, and bitternelTe of minde, inter 
h m^ X &t fpeMfamttumfy diftra&ed and tired, they fpend ihz interim of their time, 
i L>h.}.decon- There can bee no greater plague for the prefent. If they doe obtaine their 
tcmptu wum f utCjW h j cn with fuch coft and follicitude they haue fought, they are not fo 
ja^mm frced,their anxiety is anew to begin, for they arc neucr fatisfied, p but as a 
erimpe-.ttvo- dogin a wheelej a bird in a cage, or a fquirrell in a phaine, (b % Budtits com- 
nSeem P arcs them^they climbe & climbe ftili,with much labonr ; btu neuermake an 
matron prof- end.neuer at the top. A Knight would be a Baronet, and then a Lord, and 
cum, necaifi t f ien an Earle,&c. a Do6tor,a Deanc, and then a Bifhop ; from Tribune to 
sew ptivem p r£Ctor . fJ- om Bailifltc to Maior: firft thisot&ice^and then that ; as Tyrrhm in 
r rttaPjyrbi. r p lw< arch jkizy will fitft haue Greece \ then Jfricke^nd then Afia 5 and fwell 
fanhm'fa'lii' w * tn ^f°p s ft °g fo long.till in the end they bur l\ : or come downe with if. 
dckbhur,p ex- iamM,adGernonia* fcalo4,ividbve&e their ownevxekes : ov as Euwgelw the 

"tlifiTdT P'P cr m Luc ' af, fhtt b^ evv n * s pip c fo long, till hee fell do vvne dead. If hce 
re^u inftii. chance to miffe 3 and haue a canvas, hee is in a hell on the other fide* fo deie- 
"Lib.i.dercp. ftedjthat he is ready to hang himfelfe, turne Hereticke,Turke, orTraytor 
^imprimis uu m 211 inflant. Enraged againft his enemies, hee c railcs/wearcs,fight?,{l;um- 
roappetitin,fm ders,detra<5ts,envies, murders; and for his owne parr, ft appetitum explere 
H^Tmaiic'. ^fotefi^furoremripittir^ii^tCTXiViOi fatisfiehisdcfire (as « Bodinech* 
wMefitvei ferued; herunnes mad. So that both waycs,hitor milTe 3 he is diuradtcd fo 
us^Sm lon S ashis Ambition lafts,hee can looke for no other but anxiety a^dcare, 
mdTmitim' difcontent and gricfe in the meane time, * madnefle it felfe,or violent death 
tittyphtiufa in the end. The event of this is commonly to be fecnein populous Cittics, 
fai&Twx °r in Princes Courts: for a Courtiers life (as^^defenbesitja* igd- 
Plater. 1 1 .de limttufry of 'ambit ion , Ufl, fraud, impofure , dipmuUtion, detraction , env% 
Tmm^ ? ride > f be Cowf* common convencicle of flatterers, timeferuersjolititUns, 
coUuvia amb\- & c - If you will fee fuchdifcontented pcrfons, there you (hall likely find: 
timis, cu/tdiu. them, t And which he obfetued of the markets of old Rome, 
^t^ljal 2«f pcriurtm convenire vu/t hominem, mitto in Comitium^ • 

dsjnviduju- Qui mendaccm & gloriofum^puddtMcintfacrum* 

. ^es^mnofosmat^ 
commune i tr W dknaues, Knights of the Poft,licrs,crackers,badhufbands,&c- keepc 
™*^Zi. lhci . r [ eucraU towns, they dee foftiW 

deui de aflc. 

\ VLuttin Cxr~ 

Svss. lit 


Paru.Se&.i. Couetoufne^e a caufe m Mcmb.j. Sub£u a 

2 OX 

SVBSEC. 12; 

«'/A*?>y«*. Couetoufnefe a caufe. 

Lutarchjn his z bookc whether the difeafes of the body,be more grci- 1 7 °>™>Jitx* : 
vous then thofe ofthe foulejis of opinion,^/ if you will examines all ^Z^uf^vd 
the cattfes of our miferies in this life you- fbaU finde them mojlpartjto baue <* contumadM, 
had their beginning from flub borne anger, or that fur ions fa fire of contention, TelfcZni'T 
crfome iniufl or tmmoderate Affection, as Couetoufnefie^drc'.lrtdm whence are vei ab iniuji*' 
warres and contentions amongH yoU* S. lames askes: I will add vfury , fraud, pirate ? o r \£ : 
rapinejSimonyjOpprcflionJying^fwearing^ bearing falfcwitnefle, &c. are ™ m j2mfat 
theynotfromthisfountaineofcouetoufiiefTej that greedineffe in getting, chyfoftomw 
tenacity in keeping,fordrdity in fp'cndingvthat they are fo wicked, 1 iniufl a. c ^" C r p ' 6ju ^ 
gamjl Godjheir neighbour \themfelues^\\ eomes hence. The defire of mohy is * cap"^ 
the root of dlettill,and they that lufi after itjpeirce themfelues through with ma- \ Vt f lt inujuiu 
ny forrovoeSyi.Tim.d.iOt Hippocrates therefore in his Epiftle to Crateua an 
Hetbaliftjgiues him this good counfel,that if it were pofltible, 2 amangft other fm. ' 
hearbs,he fhould cut vp that weed of :ouefoufnejfe by the roots , that there be no vn °> Cr «~ 
remainder left \and then know this for a certainty ,t hat together with their bo- r «6 'herbJum' 
dies y thou maifl quickly cure all the difeafes of their minds. For it is indeed the ra<i '<M,avarit'i<e 
patterneJmasc, epitome o fail Melancholy, thefotrntaineofmanvmife. Zt mfecare 
ncs,mucn dilcontent,carc and woe; this wordwate,or immoderate defire_j of vtmii* u \i- 
gaine, to get or keepemony^ h Bonaventnre defines it : or as Aufiin defcribes ?f*5fc fro- 
it 3 a madnefle of the SoulciGV^r? a zonure, ChryfoJlome,an infatiable drun- b * capTvkte 
kenneffe; Cyprian)>\indneffe,/pttio/um fuppliciuma plague fubucrting king- Ateis auanda. 
domcs J families,an d incurable difcafej iudtuv, an til habit , yeelding to no re- f mor mm r 
medies neither ^Efculapius nor Plat us can cure them.- acoritmuall plague, vliTc^Zte 
faith Solomon^nd vexation of fprrit,another Hell. 1 knowe there be fome of vtl rel ^vde. 
opinion^hatcouetous men are happy,& worldly wife, only wife, that there mdtum^' 
ismorepleafurein getting of wealth then in fpcndi'ng, and that there is no -^rtSSS 
delight in the world like vnto it. 'Twas * Bias problemeofold, withwbat dyinon ctdtn V 
art thou not weary ■ with getting mony. what is mojl delegable} to gains. What /emuf" ""^ 
isifjtroweyoiuharmakesa pooreman labour all his life time, carry filch **<ttueflmeL 
great burdens,fare fo hardly ,maccrate himfelfe,& endure fo much mifery, h ^ t ^% 
vndergoc fuch bafe offices with fo great patience, to rife vp early and lye ^dmcmfiit 
downe late, if there were not an extraordinary delight in getting and keep- &Ca yyrhi* 
ingofthismonv?WhatmakesaMarchantthathathno need, fat is fupera SfiS 
aemt^o range allouer the c world, through all thofe intemperate Zones of ^uomamhac 
heat and cold; voluntarily to venture his life,and be content with fuch mife- ot !™ ! f erimd ' la 
table famine,nafty vfage, in a (linking fhip; if there were not a plcafure and 
hope to get mony,which doth feafon the rcn:,2i mitigate his paines? What e Extremsc "r- 
makes them goe into the bowels ofthe earth, an hundrcth faddome deepe, tl^Z ** 
endangering their deatcftliues,enduring damps and filthy fmells,when they * $&f*m 
haue enough alrcady,if they could be content,and no fuch Caufe to labour, ^^ cn f 
butanextraordinaryidelighttheytakein riches? This may leeme plaufible 
atfirft(hew, a popular and ftrong argument; but let him that fo,thinke$ 3 to® farm* 
confider better of it , and hce fhall foone perceauc,that it is farre otherwifc 

O then 

Parci.Seaz^ Caufes of Mela ncbo^_ _ Mcmh. 3 .SubLu . 

—^T~^bc fuppofeth.- it m^b^ii^ieafing at the fitrt 5 as moft part all m l 
10 ancholyis, otfuchmeUayhauefome/*«^^^f, pliant fymp. 
omes inte m ixt,but you muft note that of* Chrff~<£' * to 

rkh+mUr to WnertHv tb«r are all fooles d.zards mad-men, 
«** mi f' ki. w.etchejJiuinebefides themfelues,//*^ tefruend^n perpetua 1 

<Di«iM«Jfi- and jcVindecd Mftfer ftftgeibjthttr mony^henfoffeffbn , as C;/>«« 'hath 
• • ' bound prentife to their goods, as or as C%/,. 

JES& S7J«S/^ ; flau«and drudges to their fubftance; andwee mjy 
d»g«ri*« ■«• jonciudjofthemall, as \Valcrim doth oiPiolomem king oi Cjiprm,ieew4i 
£2533- ,* /»* * /to*** '* ** * "SM* drndgecfmtny. 

Greg.inbm. - — * pot tore metallis 
•e?4MDon<t liberate cxr cm. 

cmut miftrabiie \ 00 \^ Q mto their cftates,and examine their fymptomes, fhall finde no better 
1 of them,butthat they are all fooies,as -AfcM was,fo- <*r nomine(i.Reg,j^) 
tDandaejiHei For what greater follycan there bee, or * madnciTe, then to macerate him. 
nbori multo ^jf-g^gnhgneednotfandwhenasC^r/'^notes, 11 ^ may be freed from hit 
v2u aXtm *~ burdened eafed ofhispaines,willgoe onflillM wealth increajwg^hen h<u 
k t^.iMo. l^/, enough to get more, to liue,bejldes himfelfe, to ftarue his Genius^ keepc 
^imVmm backe from his wife m and children , neither letting them 3 nor other friends 
mm. vfe or enioy that which is theirs by right , and which they much need per* 
'^uOmfrnt hapsjlikc ahog,or dog in the manger, he doth only kecpe it becanfe it fhall 
dwentiajheeg doe no body elfe good 3 burting himfelfe and others; and for a little momen* 
k£M./i&.». tarygoodjdamnehisownefoule. They are commonly fad and tetricke by 
ft^u&nk- nature, zsAchabs fpirit was becaufe heecouldnctgetiV4/o//'.r vineyard, 
vareponderibus (i.Reg*22 )and if he lay out his mony at any time, though it bee to neceflary 
fergit magufor- f hisownechildrens good ,he brawles and fcoids. his heart is heauy, 

turns augentt- 1 \ . . m l C r in > ■ " 

bm fert'maciter much difquietcd he is ? and loth to part trom it: mzfer abjtinet^ey timet vtt, 
Uuuksre. jj er . He is of a weari{h,dry 5 pale,con{titution , and cannot fleepe for cares & 
Zniikwynon worldly bufineiTes, his riches, faith Solomon^ will not let him fleepe,and vn- 
ipfifibi qnidqu3 neceflary bufinefle which he heapeth on himfelfe; or if he doe fleepe, 'tis a 
ZZcTlm, ver y ▼ n qwcr 3 interrupt,vnpleafing fleepe: with his bagges m his armes, 
ne poftdere al- —congefiis'vndify facets 
^'r^adfau Indormit inhians. — 

b"um deep' And though he be at a banqueter at fbme merry feaft, he fighes for grief 
qwd babet qui heart /as n Cyprian hath it) and cannot fleepe though it be vpon a dovone bt\ 
^tpifUlb"'. ^wearijbbody takes no reft y <> troubled in his abundance , andforrovofulitn 
SMfpiratincon- plenty \vnhappy for theprefent, and more vnhappy in the life to come. J*/?/. 
t^t&^o Hcisa P c rpetuall drudge, P reftleffe in his thoughts , and neuer fafisfied,a 
motive mani- ^ue,a wretch ,a daft worme,/f mpcr quod idolo fuo immolet fedulm obfermt, 
iumcorpmcon- Cypr.frologM fermon. ftill fecking what facrifice he may offer to his golden 
^p!'ml gllat God^^cJ-*^if^iccaresnothow s hbtroiiblcis endlclTe, crefcunt diui- 
o Jn&fiatur ex tUfamen curta nefcio quidfemper abejl rei: his wealth incrcafcth and the 

mbiouUntiZyCon- y 
&mncr.traa.\ix*p % x 7% guoplmfimt pint pt* famtitr Mir ^juppiereawgm 


Part i.Scd.2. CouetoufueJJe a caufe, Memb.?. Submit. 

more he hath,thc more r he wants; like Pharaohs leane kine, which dcuou- 203 
red the fat 5 and were not ht\sfo&.Au[lin therefore defines couetoufnes , qua- t u„usati 
rumlibet rerum inhonejlam ejr infatiabtlem cupiditatem, an vnhoneft & vn- fiangdiu iut 
fatiable defire of gaine.-and in one of his Epiftlcs compares it to Hell/ which j™'*^^ 
deuo arcs aU,andyet nlttcr hath enough, a bottomlejfe pit , an endlefle m ifcry. fa£Zt 7g"Lm. 
& that which is their greatcft Corfiue, they are incontinuallfufpitfon,fcare, ^b.^.dehb, 
and diftruft. He thinkes his owne wifeand childrenare fo many thceues.and 
goc about to cofen mm,his leruants are all talfe: faefiithaSmti. 

Rem fuam peril ffeSea, eradicarier* ! ^' 

Et diuum atfy hominum clamat continuo fidem* \»j&c. modum 

De fuo tigillo (t qua exit for as. nm Met , hoc 

] f his doores erecke,then ou( tie cries anon, T nt '°! c uo 

His goods are gene^and he is quite vndone. . *Erafm.Afag* 
Timidua Plutus,an old proucib, as fearefull as Plutm • fo doth Ariflophanes, 7. 
and Lucian bring him in fearefull ftill^palcjanxiousj and fufpitious, trufting Zt e ]^»lfn 
no man. u are afraid oftempeflsfor their come afraid of their fomidmt cpu s 

friends leaft they fhouldaske Comet hin? of ' \or borrowe, they are afraid P au ' dum 

C+l ■ ■ , n 7 r I ; / n 1 r 1 I J malum vocat 

cj their emmies Leapt hey hurt them-jheeues leaft they rob them^ they arc_j 4- Euripidcs:metu- 
fraidofwarre and afraid of peace, afraidof rich and afraid cf poor e y afraid of mt tmptftatts 
all. Laft of all they are afraid of want that they fhal die bcggars,which makes °amklZc^vi 
ihcm lay vp ftill,and dare not vfc what theyhsuc.vvbat if adcarcyeaFecomc mmcosnti** ' 
or dearth,or fomc loffe? & were it not that they are loath to x lay out mo- fZlalt'ZZm 
ny on a rope,they would be hanged forthwith and fometimes dye to faue IZTpacmti- 
charges 3 and make away them feltiesjif their come & cattle mifcarry^though i^jfwwof, 
they haue abundance left, as y Agellius notes. * Valerius makes mention of 
one that in a famine, fold a moufe for 200 pence, and famifhedhimfelfe: jJgciimfib.i 
Such are their carcs 5 a griefes,and perpetuallfearcs. Thcfe fymptomcs are ^itfjjjjdjF 
elegantly cxprelTed by Theophrafttu in his Q^hra&ejiof a couctous man, ^hnt^bLTm 
b lying in bedjhe ashes hti wife whether foee JjWt tlfe trunk es^and chefs fajl 7 w vitam pro- 
the capcafe be fealed,and whether the UalUoore be bolted, and though jhee fay 1™%"™*™** 
all is welljoe rifeth cut cfhisbedin his fhirt bare-foot and bare-legged, to (ec.^ '.o»w« pfru- 
whether it be fo,with a darke lanthorne fearching euery corner, fcarfe fleeping *¥* p "> rl ' 
awinkeallnight. Lucian in that pleafant and witty dialogue called CallmJ^mituZmi 
brings in My alius the Coblcr difputing with his Cocke, fometimes Pytha- fa$iq f ob au- 
goras: where after much fpecch Pro and Con , to proue the happineflc of a ™™ m Wwip- 
meane eftatc.and difcontents of a rich man, Pythagorashh Cock in the end, quiejttfTjMn. 
to illuftrate by examples that which he had faid , brings him to Gnyphon the £ ,www - ^ ^ 
Vfurers houfe at mid-night , and after that to Evcrates : whom they found almln:'t!l- 
bo^iawake,ca(lingvp of their accounts, and telling of their mony, c leane, vxmm 
dr^ale, and anxious , ftill fufpeding leaft fome body (hould make a hole ™*T m J^ 
through the wall,and fo get m } or if a Rat or Moufe did but ftirre,ftarting vp }T/&c]Vittfo 
on a fuddainc, and running to the dorc to fee whether all were faft. Plautus rur & cvs mdu * n 
in his Aulularia 3 makes old Euclio <* commanding Staphyla his wife to fhut "o%*tZ»a' 
the doores fa^and the fire to bee pu t out_, leaft any body fhould m ake that vmm vbioir& 
an errant to come to his houfetwhen he waited his hands.t he was loath to l f ran ff-^ 

e Cutis extenuatutyvigilans & fectimfupputans. * Caxtquenqxam alicnum in *dtsmtromifew,lonem extwgA zelo pc caufe quid- 
fwn fit quid te quifquam qtuer'uet. Si bona fortuna teniat ne intremiferti. Occlude [is firu ambobu* peffulv. Difcrucior an'm't qw* 
domo abeundum eft mthi. Xir»U bcrcule hn&tm abeo, wc quidagmfio. ^ Flora* aqum profundcrt, &c. peryt t duwfmw de t'f* 
ffibtxit for at, 

O 2 fling 

Part.iiSea.2. Ca *f es of Melancholy. Memh.3.SubCi j» 

im flyaway the fowle watcr,that he was vndonc becaufe the fmokc got out 
* of the roofe. And as hee went from home, feeiag a Gro w fcrat vpon the 
muck hill 5 rcturned in all haft 5 taking it for malum omen, an ill fignc,nis mony 
was digged vp,with many fuch* He that will but obferue their a&ions, (hall 
findc thefe and many fuch palTages not faigncd for fport, but really pcrfor* 
mcdjVerificd indeed by fuch couetous and miferable wretches , & that it is, 

* manifefla phrcnefis • '(! * * ^ - « ^ 
* m» Sat, i* yt locuples moriarii egentiviuerefito. 3** */ <■ / u-Uj* a 

A mcere madncfle, to line like a wretch,to die rich. ^ f ^ 


S V B S B C| 13, 

Loue of garni ng } ejrc. and plcafuresjmmo derate: eaufes . 

Tis a wonder to fee 5 how many poore^diftreficd^ifcrable wretchcs,onc 
(hall meet almoft incuerypath and tlreet , begging for an almes, that 
haue beene well dcfccnded,& fbmetimcs in (foundling eftate, now tag. 
ged 3 tottercd,and ready to be ftarucd 3 lingeringout a paincfull life 3 in difcon^ 
tent and griefe of body and mindejand all through immoderate luft,gaming, 
pleafure,riot. And 'tis the common end of all fenfuall Epicures and bruciih 
prodigalIs,that are ftupificd and carried away headlong with their feucrall 
pleallires and lufts. Cebes in his table, S.Ambrofe'm his iecond booke otM 
and Cain i, and amongft the reft Lucian inhi$lia&deMercedeconduc7is,hzi\i 
excellent well deciphered fuch mens proceedings in his e picture of OpuUn. 
*ou (haUhaue / ' 4 J Nvnom ne &ig n e s to dwell on the toppe of an high mount,much fought 
ins.Ambrofc after by many futors; at their firft comming they are generally entertained 
fecond bookc by pleafure and Dalliance j and haue all the content that poflibly may bee gi. 
fly and - vert,fo long as their mony lat|tbut when their meanes faile 5 they are con- 

* rintmtfM, temptibly thruft out at a bacKe doore headlong, and there leftto shame fie- 
Zti'ldlfem fr°*chpejp*ire. And hee atfirft that had fo many attendants, parafitcs,and 
ItcnSmiM- followcrs 2 young and lufty,richly arrayed a and all the dainty fare that might 
trtfeipfum pan fo c had,witn all kindc of welcome and good refpeft , is now vpon a fudden 
mnmexeZtt ^ l P z °f all 3 f pale 3 naked,old,difeafed,and forfaken, curfing his ftarres, & tea* 
fumttntM bit dy to (bangle himfclfe^hauing no other company but Repentance \ Sorrme, 
TJ^&c^' GriefeyDerifionJSeggery^nA Contempt ythxch archis dayly attendants to his 
t Luk.iy» Hues end. As the g prodigall fonne had exquifite muficke , merry company, 

dainty fare at firftjbut a forrowful reckning in the end;fo haue all fuch vainc 

* tottbtdf. delights and their followers. 11 Trifles voluptatumvxitus, ejr quifquis vduf> 

tatum fuarum reminifci volet jntelliget 3 2s bitter as gaule and wornicwqfid is 
their laft,gricfe of«iinde ? madneiTe. The ordinary rockes vpon which'fuch 
men doe impinge and precipitate thcmfclues,are Cardes,Dice,Hawkes,and 
Hounds, Infanum venandt ftndium 3 one calls it, infant fuhflrncJtones 5 their 
madftru6tures,difports,playes,&c.whcn they are vnfeafonablyvfed,impru- 

* i» oeemcm. dcnt ty handled,and beyond thejr fortunes. Some men are co^fomed 'by mad 
vidfi nmc 0. phantafticallbuildings^y making Walkes,Orchard$,Gardcns 3 Bowers 3 and 
£&v°lr?Z fah placet of pteafure,/^ which howfo- 
ubmmmuuin euer the) t>edeIightfome things in themfelucs, and acceptable to all behoi- 
t^r**' dcrs, * a wnamtnt^ndbefittingfomc great men: yet vnprofitable to others, 


Part, i w Se&.z. Lone of games, pleafurcs&c Memb.g . Subf. 1 $ . 

and the fole oucrthrowe of their eftatcs. Foreflus in his obleruations hath 10 5 
an eKamplc offuch a one, that became melancholy vpon the like occafion, 
hauinsconfumedhisfubftance on fuch an vnprofitable building, which 
would afterward yeeld him no aduantage. Others, I fay, are k ouerchrowne y ■ 
by thofe mad difports of Hanking and Hunting; honeft recreations & fit for PoiyvltZT 
fomc great men , but not for euery bafe inferiour perfon; whileft they will eap^vmitra 
maintainc their Faulkoners,Dogs., and hunting Nagges, their wealth, faith ^ c ^ ci "' 
Salmutze/unnes away With Dogges,and their fortunes fly away with Haukes, cbtouZJrt 
They perfecute beafts fo long,till in the end they themfelues degenerate in- rum : j 
tobeaft^asm^W^taxcth them, *M<Wlike: for as hec was eaten to eonTZ&ftl 
death by his owneDoggcs, fo doc they dcuoure themfelues and their pa- &grauis i rar» 
tnmonies , in fuch idle and vnneceiTary difports , neglecting in the meanc ™^h &vt 
time their motcneceflary bufine(Ie,and to follow their vocations. Ouer mad 'quam. mz7h 
too lometimes arc our great men in following of it, doting too much on it. 1Ptf »"'^ Tit* 
° when they dr'tue foore husbandmen from their tillage 5 as Sarisburicnfts obieds cvm^Zufynte* 
plycrat Mb .1 .cap.jf.and fling downe country farmes\and whole townesjo make m infgnu ve^ 
Parkes 3 and Forrefisfiaruing men p to feed beafts \ and H pumjhtng in the meane n t ^ QTum r ^* //,v 
time fuch a man that {bad molefl their game , more feuerely then him that is o> cmeaclTZZ 
tberwifea common hacker. or a notorious theefe.But great men are fomc waies V* dumnimtm 
to be excufed , the meaner fort haue no cuafion why they (hould not bee }Z?J™riffid 
counted mad. Poggius the Florentine tells a merry flpry to this purpofe,con» ommhumamx- 
demning the folly and impertinent bufinefle of fuchkindc of perfons. A Phi- 
fition ol Miiian ,faith he,that cured mad men,had a pit of water in his houfe ^1%^ 
in which he kept his patientsjome vpro theknees,fome to the girdle,fome a Sabi»wOuid 
to thechinne^ro modo tnfanu, as they were more or leffe affe&cd. One of f de 
them by chance that was well recoucrcd, Hood in thedoore, & feeing a gal- vluitjacrt.1* 
lant ride by with an Hauke on his fift, wctf mounted, with his Spaniels after l/j H " m vevandi 
him 5 would needs knowc to what vfe all this preparation fcrued 5 hee made 
anfwerc to kill certaine fowie: the patient demanded againe,what his fowle wgricoitfub- 
might be worth which he killed in a yeare^he replied 5 or 10 Crownes$and ^f^i- 
when he vrgedhim farther ,what his Dogges,Horfe 3 and Haukesftood him !ohnUp^ 
in,he told him 400 Crownes: with that the patient bad him be gone as hee duntt *flu* & 
loued his life and welfare ,for if our mailer come and rlndc thee hcre^hc will ^Tml^muT 
put thee in the pit among&mad-men vp to the chinne: Taxing the madnes p*fiM feru. 
and folly of fuch vaine men that fpend themfelues in fuch idle fports,ncgle- M y$** 
ding their bufinefte and necelTary affaires. Leo Decimusjhzt hunting Pope, gtfUnl! 
ismuchdifcommended by r 7<7«;/^inhislife, for his immoderate defire of * A »o*diku 
hauking and hunting,in fo much,that fas he faith; he would fometimes hue ^ c lil7umfe% 

ht wouldbe Co tmp at tent, that he Would revile and mifcallmany times men ff fafrtmbmtm 

great worth with mofl bitter taunts, and looke fo fowre\andbee^> fo angry and %p s s " riibm ' 
wafptfh fogrieued and molt 'fled that it is incredible to relate it. But if he had * -Perk qmm 
goodfporr,and had becne well pfeafe don the other Me,incredibilt muni- ^^l^f 

Guil. Conq. qui 

J*. Seek ft « matrices depopulate efl ad Ferefiam novam. Mat. Parii. * Tern, ». de vit'u iSufirim. 1. 4- de vit. Letn. i o m » 
1 Venatiombui adeo perdite fludebat & aucupus. t Ant infelicite/ venattu tarn imptum inde t vt fumms [*pc v'wtt acerbijpmti 
mtmtM onerarei i & 'mcttdMe eft pali vhHm amm'^ babitu dtloi em Iratmd'tm^ prtferret&c. 

O i ficentik 

Parci.SetSU. Caujes of melancholy- Mcmb.j.Subtij 

/T^^thvnfpeakable bounty he would reward all his fellow hunter*, 
« Vwd& mi and deny nothing to any filter when he was in that mood. To fay truth,'tis 
bcanaM-sm- t h c common humourofallgameftcrs 3 as G^^obferues, if they winne 
no men liuing are fo louiaJJ and merry , » but if they loofe, though 
verit axtdecep- lt b c b ut a tr ifle,tvvo or three gamesat tablcs,or a dealing at Gardes for two 
TmtnMM. P en ce a gamc,they arc fo cholericke and tetty that no man may fpeakc with 
Necerimbcuiu thcm,andbreakc many times into violent palfionSjOaths, imprecations,and 
7mTd b ^um vnbeieemingfpeeehes,littlc!dirTeringfrommadmcnforthe time. General, 
TaL* , pofiT ly of ali Gamftcrs and gaming.if it be exceuiuc^hus much we may conclude 
ftdiitdit»raru. t j iat whether they win or loofe for the prefent,their winnings arc nor, Mu> 
ummm mfht. mra f ertum fedmfidU, as that wife Seneca determines , not fortunes gifts 
cmttm quUem but baitcs,thecommon Catastrophe is x beggery, for a little plcaiure they 
& ^r*£&* C3 ^ c » ant ^ f° me fr° a ^ gaincsand gettings now and then , their wiucs &chfl. 
nlte^ejia'e'l dren arc wringed in the meane time, ane( they themfelues rue it in the etide, 
nullum habeas j w jH fay nothing of thole prodigious prodigalls,and Y madde Sybariticall 
nTm> qmm ipendthrifts, quifyvna comcduntpatr/montamcnflthaicztvpalztzbtcak- 
Mud effuderit, faft.or at a fupper,or amongft Bauds, Parafites, andPlayers,confumethem. 
$£nlf&™- ft^csinaninftatit, ' L Iratipecunijs^ as hee faith, angry with their money; 
fkas.saff.fo6' * what with a wanton eye, a Mquorijh tongue ^agamefome^ hand, when they 
cratMix.t 4 haue vndifcreetly impouerifhed themfelues , and entombed their anceftors 
fi^kcZu^i' &' ne pofTefficms in their bovvcIs,they may head the reft of their dayes in pri- 
fuch gnmfters fon,as many times they doc,and there repent at leafure5& when all is gone 
ifanTm^mi beginne to be thrifty : but Sera est infundoparjimonid , 'tis then too late to 
nmcontigao. looke about 5 their endis mifery/orrow/hamejand difcontent.and wclthcy 
spontantum ad deferuc to be infamous and difcontcnr, * Catamidiariin Amphitheatre^ 
rlm a &o/& D y Adrian the Empcrours cdi& they were o[o\d y decoclores bonorum fuorum, 
narei&ocuios fo he calls them,prodigall foolcs, t« bee'puMikely (hamed, andhiffed out of 
'{Ms&tiw- ^ cml ^ ^ oc ^ c " es J father then to be puttied, or relieued. At t Padua'm Itdy 
Cork, cbry/ofi'. they haue a itone,called the Bonecf Turpitude ,nere the Senat houfe, where 
bomji. fpendthrifts 3 andfuchas difclaimc non-payment of debts, doe fit with their 
• Hair* hinder parts bare, that by that note of difgrace , others may be terrified for 
b in sat. it. all fucirvaine cxpence,or borrowing more then they can tell how to pay. 
! cmmm"&cre' * raa y not ncre omiz tn °fe two maine plagues ancY common dotages of 
feme gala mis humane ktnde,Wine and Womemwhichhaue infatuated & befotted-My* 
temanet exmis. trades of people. To whom is forrow ,faith Sfhmon^Prov. 23. 29. to whom 
]^mmerfis. Ve ' ls woe > Dut co * ucn a onc as Ioucs drinke?it caufeth torture,and bitternelTeof 
*sp*ruan m'mdc ^Sirac. j r 21 .Vtnumfur orujer emy calls it,2j.C4^.wine of madr)efl*e,as 
%Z°elMonfon. Wcl1 he ma } r > for itfwrefacitfanos, it makes found men ficke and fad , and 
<Tocuiumquaji wife men c mad. A true fayingic was of him, Vino dariUtitiam & kolonm^ 
^Vht drinkccau ^ tnmirtn > anddr,nkccau ^ tn ^ or ^^ 

%^ntfaZra ™ a »t>(Prov.2 r.Jfhame anddifgraee. Multi ignobiles e-Jafireebvimpotum, 
tumptcunia tu & ( Auftin ) amipi honor ibusprofugi aherrarunt : Many men haue made 
Zt^taU- fhi P wrac I ke I of ^ fortunes,. and goe like rogues and beggars, that other- 
nmnmiges. wife might haucbucd in good worfhipand happy cftate, andfora fewe 
m A .im.y : homes pleafure,or *jhe madneffe^ Seneca tearmes it,purchafe vnto them- 
J°r H u 1 ' ■ felues ccernalltedioufnefle and trouble. 

*** infwum That other madncfle is women , Apoflaure facit con faith the wifaman 
Plcafantatflrftfheis, zndlikcDicfcondesRhcdodaph^ tbatfairc plant fb 


Part.i.Sc6t.2. Loue ofgainctfleajures&rc. Mcmb.j.SubCi^ 

the cyCjbut poyfon to the taft,and the reft as bitter as wormewood in the loj 
cnd( Prov.f.j.Jand (harpe as a two-edged [word.(/. 2 i.Jher hou(e is thewaj 
to hcll^andgoes downe to the chambers of death. What more forro wfully can , 
be faidjthey are miferable in this life, madde, beafts, led liks e Oxen tothe^j * **w 
Jlaughter: and that which is worfe, whoremafters and drunkards (hall bee 
iudgzd -amittuntgratiam, faith Auffin.perdunt gloriam^ incurrunt damnati^ 
onem xternam^Xhcy Ioofc grace and glory ,and gaine hell and eternall dam« 

S V 3 S E C. I4« 

philautia, or Selfe-loue, Vaine-glory ^Praife,Honotir, Immoderate t 

applaufcJPride. ouer-much Toy , &c: canfes. f Sagitta que 

lt J 3 yj J mimampene- 

irat, levitcr pe» 

SElfe-loue,Pride,audVainc-gIory, which chryfoflome calls one of the vemjedm 
Diuels three ereat Nets: f Bernard. an arrow which piertetb the Soule ltV! , 
through >and jlayes it; a Jlye tnjenfibie enemy ^ not perceiued. Where n ei- * j^j mnem 
thcr anger, luft,couetoufnefle, fearc, forro w &c.nor any other perturbati- t^mmm co- 
on can lay holdj this will (lily and infenfibly peruert vs, Quern nonguh vicit % S'^J^'^ 
Philautiafuperavit ( faith 'Cyprian ) Whom furfetting could not ouer- take, mguuami tih 
Self e-loue hath ouer-come. S He that hath (cor neb ail money, bribes. eifts.vp- tm ™" d * f' 
right otherwtfe and [wcerc % hath in(erteabimJelfetonofona Imagination >and t)rannicas cor- 
fufiainedallthofetyrannicalLconcupifcences of the body } hath loft alibis honour , pfuemupp 
cuptivatedbylfaine-glory.Chryfofl.fup.Ioh. Tu fola animUmjnentem% peruris ^htbi^to- 
g/flr/tf.Agrcacaflault, and caufeofourprefent malady, although wee doe iksc«ptiavant 
moft part neglc<5t 3 take no notice of it, yet this is a moft violent batterer of *^* rf / r ^jj * 
our SouIes,andcaufeth Melancholy and Dotage. This plcafing humor,this ^Ha'ccmepti* 
foft and whifpering popular ayrc , Amahilis infanta, this delectable Frenfy, nm tyjtmjt 
moft irrefragable palfion, UMentisgratiftmus error, this acceptable difeafe, T^ t ' aUmh 
which fo fweetly fetsvponvs,rauifhethourfenfes, lulles Our (oulesafleepe, terns avertitt 
puffes vp our hearts as fo many bladders,and that without all feeling, that $ m *. 
thofe that are mi j '-ajfetfed with itjieuerfo much as once perceiue itjr thinke of chflm^uftod. 
any cureu.We commonly louc him beft in this * malady, that doth vsmoft V H^- 
harme, and arc moft willing to be hurt 5 adulationtbm noflrislibenter fave- i^ r ^jj' ad 
wus ffaich k Hierome) we loue him, Wee loue him for it : O Bonciarifuave, t fyifl. 1 b j. 
Jmve fu/ta tetalihac tribui;'twzs Iweet to hcare it. And as \ Pliny doth in- 0m,atM 
genioufly confefle to his deare friend Augunnus, all thy writing* are moft ac- ^lim'ZTxt 
teptablejut thofe efpeciaSy that Jpeake of vs. Againe, a little after to Maximus t ™ trnnm ill* 
* I cannot expreffe hovo pleaftng it is to me to heare myfelfe commended.Jhough 
wcfmiletoour felucs, at leaft Ironically, when Parafites bedawbevswith *m*rvjfa%i 
falfc Encomionsfs many Princes cannot chufe but doc , quum tale quid nihil & mmiMn -> 
intra fe repererint, when they know they come as farre fhort, as a Mou fe to ™ C 'uitrm: Et 
an Elephantjof any fuch vermes, yet it doth vs good. Though wee feemc 
many times to be angry, m and blufh at our owuepraifesjet our Joule inward- ™£^J^ 
ly rciofcetb, it puffes vs vp y and makes vs fwell beyond our bounds t and forget our ™ perfrmlat, 
felues.Hct two daughters arc lightneffe of minde, immoderate ioy & pride, 
not excluding thofe other concomitant vices, which t Iodochu* Lor i chins tZfecZtaLu 
reckons vp, Bragging,Hypocrific 3 Pecuifhncfle,and Curiofitie, utamr. 

Now t«^m»t 

Paru.Se<5t2. Caujes of Melancholy. Memb.3 .Subfr^ 

io3 Now the common caufc of this mifchicfc, arifcth from our fclucs oro, 
■ 7(fc emm thers, " wee are aetiuc and pafline. It proceedes inwardly from our felucs, 
Tper as vvce arc a & iuc caufts j from an ouet-weening conceit wee haue of our 
fifraej}.Per. ^^^^ OWn worth/which indeed is no worth; our bounty, fauour, 
gracc^alourjftrengthjvvealtl^patience^mcekneffe^hofpitalityjbeauty, tern. 
• tmombiuU- perancejgentry jknowledgejWit^fcience^rr, learning, ° our excellent gifts & 
iii '£f e T r fortunes/or which NarciJfusAxVc, we admire, 6attcr 3 & applaud our felucs, 
Tat. ' 8c thinkc all the world eftccmes fo ofvsj and as deformed women eafijybc. 

leeue thofe that tell them they be faire, wee are too credulous of our owne 
good parts and praifes,too well pcrfwaded of our felues.We brag and ven. 
p omnia emm ditate out P owne workes., & fcornc all others inrefpe&ofvs$/»pf/ fii en? 
noflra'yfupra tid ( faith Paul ) our wifdome, <l our learning} all our geefe are fwannes, and 
mdm piacent. as bafciyefteemc and vilifie other mens , as wee doe ouer-hiehly prize our 
<\ Ridemurma- ovvne.We will not iufier them to hzmjecundu, no not in terttjs ; what ? 
hqui componut Mecum confertur rlyffes} Though indeed they be farre before vs.Only wife, 
ffSntrc^bttt- only rich jonly fortunate, valorous 3 and faire ,as that proud r Pharifee, they 
tes, &fe vent- arc not ( as they fuppofe ) like other menpiz purer 3 & more precious mettle, 
s?S5w "£l Novt qMvdam ( faith Erafmus ) 1 knew one that thought himfclfe inferiout 
dant qu'icqi ad to no man liuing. And fuch for the moft part are your Princes, Potentates, 
fcrt?Jcre beau. g. reat Philofophers,Poets,Hiftorioeraphers, Authors of Seels or Herefics, 
r an< ^ a ^ our § r cat Schollers,as u Hierome defines; A naturail Philofvpker, glo* 
f ve me'iore hi- ries creature ^and a very flaue of rumor ^fame^and popular opinion. Fob is & fo« 
tlfdTaTitM m * me f em J> er dedi,(ihh T rebellius Pollio. I haue wholly confecrated my felfc 
« cteljxent. to you and Fame. ' Tu all my defire^ night and day 3 this is all my ftu£y,to rat ft 
^cndeVetf* 1 ™J name * P rou d t Pliny feconds him 5 Quanquam 01 &c. and that vain.glo- 
mnmuuiln r * ous x Otato tj s not afhamcd to confefle in an Epiftlc of his to Marcus Let* 
re pr<e[lantiore. ceius: y Ardeo incredibili cupiditate &c . I bttrne with an incredible defire, u 
TammKbim ^ me m $ z nAme re g*ft r€ ^ * n f h booke.Qui of this fountaine proceed all thofe 
MundiPbibfo- crackesand bragges,-- • *fperamuscarmina fingt Pojfelinenda ccdro^ejr lent 
m" g &* anl ~ f ervitn ^ a cuprejfb' — h Non ufitatd nec tenui ferar penna. — nec in terra mon> 
rUauris f & U r % ^ or ^ngiuS, c nilparvum aut humili modojtil mortale loquorA Dicar qua vi- 
mwumvenaie ole//s olfirepit Aufidus . — Exegi monument urn are perennius. Iam& opus exegi, 
iFp^Tcapi- ^•& ma nyft»ch,common with Writers. Not fo much as Democharison 
mifuo .Diebm the e TopickeSjbut he will be immortall,and eucry common Poet will be rc« 
mnocUbm, bp. nowned. This puffing humor is it,tbat hath produced fo many great tomes, 
qua me pofjiim tnac llarn dui1e io man y famous monumentSjCaftles & Maufolean Tombs, 
habere to haue their names eternized, — Dtgito monfirari, & dicier hie efi\ to haue 
votomeoftfficit their names inferibed, asP^^onthewalsof Thebes, Phrync fecit \ This 
» tuttm. cauleth fo many battles,- — Et nocles cogit vigilare ferenas^ Long journeyes, 
t Vt nomen Magnum iter intendo, fed dat mibi vloria vires* 

tm iiiufiretur. 2 l } me applauie,Pnde 3 Sclfe-louc 5 Vaine glory. This is it which makes them 
1 In li s afti ' t3Ke ^ ucn P aines J and breake out into fuch ridiculous ftraines, this high con* 
H£t»T" 5 e ^, of th cmftrues, f to fcornc all others 5 and brings them to that height of 
& dieiangebA- iufolency,that they cannot endure to be contradicted, S or hears of any thing 
««"Ae but their or * m C0mme » dat ^ s Me"™ notes of fuch kinde of men. When 



Part.1 ,SeA.ju Vainglory* pride, ioy^raife, Crc. Mcmb. $.SubUi 4 

a$ indeed,in all wifc-mens judgments they are & mad, empty vcrfefs, funges, iop 
befide thcmfelues ; deridcd,a common obloquy,/>^/4f/,and come far *hort h On***" 
of that which they fuppofc or cxpe& % \ O puer ut [is vi talis metuo. It is not as ^luxTgi- 
they vaincly thinkc, tm poteft^udm 

Nos demiramurjednon cum defide vulgo, & ob . gl . 0il ? r ^ 

Sed velut Harpy as y Gorgon as ,cf Furias. 'tUmlJimd* 
We maruailc too,not as the vulgar wee, mine huge fa * 

but as we Gorgo«s,Harpy,or Furies fee. Tb\t^f 
Another kinde of mad men there is oppofitc tothefc, that are infenfibly iBwjat % ijU 9 
mad,and know not of it, fuch as comemnc all praifc and glory, and thinke 
themfclucs moft free, when as indeed they arc mod mad: cakant Jed alio fa 
fin: acompany ofC//*/V£e/,fuch as arc Monkes .Hcrmites, Anachoritcs,that 
contcmnethc wotld,contemne themfclucs, contemne all titlc^honors, of- 
fices: & yet in that contempt, arc more proud then any man lining whatfa- 
euer.They are proud in humility; proud,in that they are not proud,/*/* ho* 
mode vanagloria contemptu f vaniuS gloriatur , as Cduftin hath itjonfejfjih. 
io<cap.jS:*s Diogenes y intvs gloriantur ,rhey brag inwardly, and feed them- 
felues fat with a lelfe-conceit of fan&ity,wrfich is no better then Hypocrific. 
They goe in fhcepes rnflct, many great men , that might maintaine them- 
felues in cloath of gold, and fecme to be defected, humble by their outward* 
carriagc,when as inwardly they are fwolnc full of pride, arrogancy, & (elfc* 
conceit. And therefore Seneca adiufeth his friend Luciltiss ^ in bit attire and k ty$.i}JSu4 
gefture 3 outrvardafiions, ejpecially to avotdc all fuch things as are more notable 'l^^^L, 
inthemfelues: as a rugged attire.hirfute headjjorrid hear d^ contempt of mony^ riot, qui Mm 
courfelodging,andwhit(oeuer leades to Fame oppofitc way. pnfcere, fed 

All this madnefle yet proceedes from our felues.the maine engine which e ^Sb&t' 
batters from others,wc are meercly paffiue in this bufineffe: fro a com- m, tut inert 
panieofParafites & flattcrers,that with immoderate praife, andbumbaft E- ^Smm 
pithit« 5 glofing titles, falfe elogiums, fobedawbe and applaud, guild ouer c*h'um 
many a filly and vndc&ruing man,that they clap him quite out of his wittes. °f u . mc ^ ut ^' 
Res imprimis violent a efl 3 as Hierome notes, this common applaufc is a moft tabamj^m 
violent thing.that fattens men,erc<Sts and deie&s them in an inftant. trgnto odium, 

1 Palma negata macrum^donata redusit opimum. ffjjj ^"'^ 

It makes them fat and leane,as froft doth Conies. m And who is that mortatt qlidtdUude^m 
man that can fo containe him(elfe y that if he he immoderately commended and 1*nerfa vik 
applauded, will not hemoued. Let him be what he will, thofe Parafites will o- f^™* 
ucr»turne him. If he be a faultier ythcnThemifleciesiEpaminondaStHefior^- m $uitrerm 
thilles.duo fulmina £>eltt.triumvirs t err arum ejre. and the valour of both Sci* \ m r ******** 
pioes is too li ttlc for him,he is invifttfimtss, fcrenipmtis, rnultu troph&is or* novitja eumaf 
/m/^/'ww, although he ncuer durft looke his enemie in the face. Ir he be a 
big manjthen is he a ^another Hercules: If he make a fpccch,anothcr mvm JXe* 

TuOy or Demoflhenesias of Herod in the Aflsfhe voice of God* and not of man: **t. Htn.StyK 
If he can make a vcrk 9 Homer, Pirgtl \ejrc. And then my filly weakc Patient, 
takes all thefe elogiums to himfelfc$ if he be a Schollcr fo commended for 
his much reading^excellentftilejmerhodj&c. hcwillevifccratehimfelfclike 
afpider,ftudy to death, 

Laudatas ofiendit avis lunonia pernios, 
Pcacoekc-like he will difplay all his feathers. If hec be a fouldicr, and fo api 

P plaudedj 

Parti Scdl Ca *J es of¥^ ck ^ Memb.^Subi^ 

— — -j^Jhis valour exto lty,though it be imptr congreffm, as that of Trctl m> 

uZ*m»> he will ride into the thickeft of his enemies; Commend his houte-keeping, 
run *k i* anc j u z m \\ begaer himfelfc, commend his temperance, hec will itaruc him- 

%&£W, ■ Um^H-virtm 

fletumim con- Crefcit ejr immenfum gloria calcar babet. 

EjfiKJE he is madde,maddc,no whoe wiih him, he will ouer the ° Alpes to be talked 
fUmb* ege- f»orto maintaine his credit. Commend an ambitious man, fome proud 
gmdtketoip p r 'j ncc or Potentate > 5'//>/^ *quo laudetur (faith vErafmw) crijlas erigit, 
pL 'Znter exuit hominem,deumfe put at: he fcts vp his creft, & will be no longer a man, 
stipes. Aude ^ ut a God.Hovv did this worke with Alexander, \hix would needes bclupt* 
tnmpuits"! ^fonne,andgoe like Hercules in a Lions skin, Commodm the Emperour 
& dedmxul wag f Q gulled by his flattering Parafites , that he would be called Hercules, q Anton i us t h e Roman would bee crowned with Ivy, carried in a Chariot, 
Im™"* 4 and adored for Bacchus.Cotys King of Thrace, was married to 'Minerva,^ 
i^intonim ah f cnt three feuerallmeflengers one after another 5 to fee if fhee were come to 
feaT^mm hisbed chamber.Sucha one was * Jupiter Menetrates , Maximinus Iovia- 
fe ptnm oppd- nus, Diode ft mus Herculeus. Sapor the Perftan King, brother of the Sunneand 
delfivedtatZ Moone,and our Kings oicbina and T zrtaria in this prefent age. Such a one 
rJdmmkde'. was Xtrxes,that would whip the Sea,and fend a challenge to mount Mhos, 
ri, &c9«ma, ^ p uc h arcman y fottifh Princes, brought into afooles Paradifeby their Pa- 
v &tbyrfiwt- rafues.Tisacommonhumor,incidentto allmen,whentheyarein great pla- 
ikns;cotbm$ { ces,hauedone,ordcferu d well,to applaud and flatter themfclues.Thcyhaue 
^vZ^bptl good parts,and they know it, you need not tell them of it, out of a conceit 
vttim eft Alex- of their worth,they goe fmiling to themfelues,and perpetuall meditation of 
mdm. Pater. tne j r Trophies & plaudits, they runne at the laft quite mad , andloofethcir 
*°Mi!!crv*n«p- wits Petr arch Mb. i \de contempt umundi, confeffed as much of himfelfc, and 
2a ambitjanto Cardan in his 5.booke of wifedome, giues an inftance of a Smith of Mtlkn^ 
•^tfiteUnvmti- a fellow-Citizen of his, tt one Galem deRubeis that being commended for 
teret ad vidtn- refunding of an Jnftrument Archimedes ^ for ioy ranne maddc. Plutarch 
dum mmve* j n tnc |jf c f ^rtaxerxes , hath fuch a like ftory of one chamus a fouldier, 
va^tj&e! tnat wounded King Cyrus in battle, zndgrew thereupon fo * arrogant fhtm 
*jEBw a jhort [pace after fi? lojl his wits, So,many men,ifanyncw honor,office,pre» 
\l$Tformim fermcntjpoiTeflion,or patrimony, ex injperato fall vnto them, for immode- 
Livita tib.i i\ rate ioy,and continuall meditation of it,cannot flccp,y or tell whatthcyfay 
vhrju" fi or ^ oe 5 tne y arc f° rauifhed on a Mdcn.Epamino ndas therefore,the next day 
glh*iSurkre after his Leuftrian vi%ory, z came abroad allfquallid and fubmijfe, andgauc 
bde & evanef- no other reafbn to his friends of his fo doing,then that he perceiued himfelt 
f^mptmiis tne ^ a y beforc,by rcafon of his good fortune,to be too infolcnt* ouermuch 
miftjje. Homi- ioyed.And that wife and vertuous Lady, a Queene Catharine, Dowager of 
ruutitHenturat En?land t in private talke faid,that *> fbee would not willingly endure the extre- 

ft ivii non ejient •"/>./ » ./■. ' r t ^ ^ n „ i 

hominet. mtt y °J est her Fortune^ but tftt were Jo that of necefity fbee mufl under got tbt 

t e Ga L m - ieKu ~ one -> ft ee would be in adverfty^ becaufe comfort was neuer wanting tn it , but 

f^trh!^ ' fttllcwnfell, moderation and gouernment) were defecJ/uc t* the other. They 

•fr mventimem could not moderate thcmfclucs. 


Study a cauje. 

Memb 3.6ubf.i5 


SVBSEC. 15. 

Lo*e of Learning or ow.r-much jludy. With a D/grefion of the mifery 
ef ScholIers t ani why the Mufes are Melancholy. 

TT Eomrtus Fuchfim Infl'nJibjfecl.t.cap.:, Fdix Plater, lib. 5. dementis Saxonia^racl. f o/Lde mclancb.cap. jSpczkcoiz* pcca- c , 
^ Hat Fury 9 which comcsby oucv much study. Ferndimlih. i.cap.jf. ml'JSStS^ 
d piHs^^jContcmplation^n.'continuahiicdirationjasanefpeciallcaule rufit. 
ofmadnefle.-and in $6.cor/frt!.c'\:cs the lame words. Io. ^frculanus in lib .0. * ^ lfm Pf M 
Rbafis ad Almxnforem,ctp.i6. amcngft other caufes, reckons Yp fkudiumvc- fiudi^&ffj- 
hemens: fo doth Levtnus Lemmus Jibffie occult .ndt.mirac . Iih.i.cap,i6. e Ala- t im ^ (ogueLa- 
jay men ( faith he ) come to this malady by continuall X fludy, and night-waking, c rwg 
and of all ether men ,Sc hollers are moft fubieci to it: and fuch Rhafis qui ex iuzt Jlw 
biue commonly the fincfl wits, Cont. lib. /. Traci. 9. Marfibus Fic/nus defamt. jJjjJjjj^S 
tuendaJ/b.r.cap.?. puts Melancholy amoncft one ot thofc fiuc principall iklbuc drvext- 
pjagucsof Stucents^tis a common maul vnto them all, and almoft in fomc bi P**c*- 
mcaiiirc an inleparable companion. ^rra belike for that caufe calls Ti rifles luwnuiJidbo- 
Philofophos& fevcroSj fevere,fad, dry, tctrickc, arc common Epithites to luUintmfe- 
Schollers: And S Patritius therefore in the inftitiuion of Princes , would is a 
not haue them to be great ftudents. For (as J^^/4z/d-/holdcs)ftudy wca- coscmurii & 
kens their bodies^dulls.the fpiritSj abates their ftrengrh & courage^ & good eamcft medi- 
lchollcrs,areneuergoodfouldiers; which acertaine Gothe wellperceiued, cdTo'iome?" 
when his Coimtrey-mcn came into Greece^tid would hauc burned all their thing with 
bookcs,hccrycdoutagainft ir 3 by all meancs they fhould not doe ir, hleaue g r "tdefuc. 
them that plague. which in time Will confume all their vigour, and mart tall fpi • f ' st! in quiftat 
rits. The » Turkes abdicared Orwatas the next heirCjfrom the Empire, be- J****" 
cauiehewasfo much giu<yitohisbookc: and 'tis the common Tenent of telti'^Tdt 
the worId,tbac Learning dulls and diminitheth the fpirits s and fo per couje* fuUimadunt 
jtww produccth Melancholy, ' m Sfgtn 

Two mainc reafons may be giucn ofit,vvhy ftudenrs fhould be more fub- p,iiuJujtm '* 
ied to this malady then others. The one is.,they Hue a fcdentary/olitary life, 
fibi&mufts^ free from bodily exercife, & thofc ordinary difpons which o- 7^?^ 
ther men vfe.-& many times ifdilcontent & Idlencsconcurre with k, which ^poteief^i.' 
is too frcquentjthey are precipitated into this gulfe on a Hidden : but the co- Guci/i lmc f~ 
mon caufe is oucrmueh (hidy; too much learning (as k Fefus toFd/W^hath 
made thee maddc^'tis that other cxtreame which erfecisk. Sodid Tr'tnca- t^mnhm . 
idius,lib.r.confiLi2.& /^.finde by his experience, in two of his Patients, a ™\^ a ™^ t l 
yongBiron,and another, that contracted this malady by too vehement flu- o(q i fymtM ex- 
dySoForeftus obfruxt.Ubaoobferv.i^ in a yong Diuine in Lovain, that yt 
was mad, & fai J, 1 he had a Bible in his head-Mar films F icinus de fanit.tuend. datpSwlm 
Itb i.cip.1.3.4. ejrlib.2 cap. 16 giucs many reafons, m why fudents dote more M« f*tim 
sften then others: The firft is their negligence; n other workemen looketo thar ^ okirH,ii> 

\j ' . • ' k Adszfi.a4. 

1 Wmpftutismelxnehtlhuieviftt, dicer? s ft BibTium in capite Inhere. m Cut Mclancholu afldua, crebr'ifq.uJiran.enth vexen- 
tur tn urn anmi\ ut defipere cogmtur. n So'crsqial'ibetartifex,v:flrumetaafxA&ihgcnu^ feniciL'us .piclor; maUeoijn- 
endefqnefabcrferrar)tu, mileieqHes>{um.t: ie!utor y aucep y aves,& canes: Cpbaram cytkwedm &c. pAi fhu{afum .my^a tm t»» 
jfepttcs fimt p Hind quo rannditmrnmrfum meiiri folent, ftirilm fcibcet, ptnitu: nctfigete vtdtmiw, 

P' % tceles p 

Paru. Se&.z. Qmjes of Melancholy. Memb.j.Subf 1 5 

112 tooleS; a Punter wi/lwafo his pencils, a Smith will looke to his hammer^ anvil 
forge: an bufbandman will mend his plough irons, andgrinde his hatchet if it 
he dull 9 a faukoner or hunt/man willhaue an ejpeciafl care of hts baukes founds 
. horfeSfdogges &c: a Mu fit tan will firing & vn/irtngbts L ute &c: only SchoL 
lers neglect that inflrumentjheit braine andjpiritsf I meane) which they day* 
ly vfe } andby which they range ouer all the world yvhich by much Jludy is con fa 
me d Vide ({aith Lucian ) nefuniculum ntmU intendendoMtqmndo ahrumpas^ 
9 ATC L Hi& f r t See thou twill not the rope fo hard, till at length it ©breake. Ficinus'mhW 
imitanda Dia- 4-c giues fome other reaions; Saturne and Mercury ? the patrons of Lear- 
*f- ning,are both dry Planets: and P Origanus afligncs that fame caufe, why 

%uZZ"u* Mercur/alfJlsMcfopoovc, and moft part beggers j for that their Prefidcnt 
trif. Ovid. Mercury had no better fortune himfelfe: TheDeftiniesof old, put poverty 
p ephe>tur. V p on n i m as a puni(hment * frnce whan, Poetry and Beggery 5 are Gemeffi 
cerebrum exftc- twin-borne brattes,infeparablc companions; 
ctti& exti tgtit f K^ind to this day is euerj Sc holler poore, 

Um! mk cere- Groffegold from them runnes headlong to the boore^x 

brum friojdum Mercury ,he can helpe them to kno wledge.but not to money. The fecond is 
&ficcmtv*' contemplation, S which dryes the br4rne.andexti*cuifheth naturallheat- for 

dit, mod clime- , ., n , n . . . y r- • f r , <-*- } jv/ 

tan.hjkm.Ac- Vf>htl J t the (pints are intent to meditation aboue m the bead 3 the ftomacke and 
ced't ad hoc, litter are left dc(litute ) and thence come black e blood and crudities, for want of 
ZtmplZ," ronton t and for want ofexcercife^thefuperfluom vapours cannot exhale rjre. 
cerebro pro»im The fame reafons are repeated by GomefiPts lib. 4. cap.r, defale. k Nymmnm 
ZtSlTbe ° ratJc imAg ' Io - fr oichiMlib.2.cap. s Jef>efte'. and fomething more they addc, 
par* default, tnat hard ftudents are commonly troubled with goutes,cararrlies, rheumes, 
undeexaiimvi- cacexix, bradiopepfiafrzd eyes,ftone and colick/ crudities,oppiIations vertl 
fafgulVaU ^> windcs ' cram pcs,confiimptions, and all fuch difcafes as come by oner- 
lfrnifereffisi. much fitting; they arc moft part leane,dry 5 ill-coloured 3 fpend their fortune? 
;^^looftthcirwits, and many times their Hues 5 and all through immoderate 
fiptr/U w^^pawes^nd extraordinary ftudies. If you will no/ beleeue the truechof this 
mmmexbatant lookc vpon great Tofiatus^nd Thorns Aquinas workes,and tell me whether 
fretZpT* ^ h ^ em entooke painesf perufc^//*, Hierom&c. and mauv thoafands 

feaSmgacUcf. Delldes. 

Tsudhb fmt ^ CU ^ °P tAtAm cm f u contingere met am 7 

caceVid.&rt Mulu tultt fecit % puerfudavit & alfit. 

q«"n bene cole- He that defires this wifhed goale to eaine 

Jt ■ , MuftfNveatandfree^beforehecanattarne,> and labour hard for it. So did Seneca,by his owne confdfion epjt Notadai 

mnltio'icantur that I Shru/J iA/0 +L* _/.* wL.^ • . i " ' . ' 

*7 '»™JlHmtrt» g t> their to»tinmllt<t,kt. Hcarc Tuily pro ^irchU PccU- 
VSL iMM T . / «^lptmdjm4t»kt their p/e„f um , he, w*, cmtmmlly t t his M<: 
tney doe that will be Schollers,and that to the hazard (I fay) oftheir 
per otmmdies ncaltn^ortune^wits.and lines. How much did Ariflotle and Ptolemy Abend? 

SSBmS cZTJrZrTT^? PCrf f 'oneabout hi. HiflSryof 

eo^vMm. ^^atures,thc other about his Almagefl} how many poorc fchollers haue 
m,Mocu!o S vi. lolt their wits,or become dizards, neglcaine all worldlvaffai^c 

l )*TZ^l «e accompted ridiculous and 
filly fooks,Idiots, Affes, and (as oft they arc> rcieaed/omemned, derided. 


Part.i.Sc&.z,. S/h^ a caufe. Memb.g.Subf.i 5. 

doting, and mad. Looke for examples in Hitdifhcimjpice!. 2 . de Mama & nj 
detirio:ttt&zTrincavdiustib-3.covfil.36. &coufil.j?. Montanus confihss. 
"Garctusde rndtc.genit,cap.jj.Mercurialis confil.86.ccnfil. 2 $ . proffer x Cale- u jobatmesHa- 
**s'mh\sbookcdeatrabile: Goc to Bedlam andaske. Or iftheykcepe their m 'f cbm Bobe ' 
wits,yct they are accompted fooles by reafon of their carriage, becaufe they TuditTlw? 
cannot ride a ho rfc. 3 which enery Clowne can doc,faluce and court a Gen- fludiUa 
tlewoman, carue at table, cringe and make congics. which euerycommon F J? ms fa t M>- 
fwafher can doe, 1 hos populus ridel &c: they are laughed to fcorne 3 and z ac- Montanus in- 
compted filly fellowes by our Gallants. Yea many times,fuch is their rnife- ^« in a 
ry,theydeferuem a ameereScholler 5 amcere Afle. 


b Obftipo capite, &figentes limine terrom^ x cardinal^ u 

Murmur a, cum f %um , rjr rabiofa iilentix rodunt^ cm ?. ob khffrern * 

Atfy experreclo trutintntttf verba labello, dimma fludia 

t/Egroti veteris medi t antes (omnia, gigni t a£i "* Melan- 

De mhdo mhdum: in nihilum nil pojfe reverti. \ °?™f sat ^ 

who doe leane awry *They cannot 

« Their heads piercing; the earth with a fixt eye: ^ dle > b , uc as 

When by themlelues they gnaw their murmuring :7 faid, he couia 

And furious fileuce,as'twereballancing, make a %»H 

Each word vpon their ou: ftreacht lip 5 and when Tpwlhy™ 
Thev meditate the dreames of odd ficke men, * Pcrfjatj, 

As, Out of nothing nothing can be brought, b **&*»*fli 

»» r / • » / i j . l* quodvanas de- 

And that which can nt re be turn a to nought* fumppt Athena* 

Thus they goe commonly meditating vnto themfelues 5 thus they fit,fuch is &feptmpudik 
their aclion and gzikurcFttlgofaJib. S.cap. 7 , makes mention how Tb.Aqui- p^f 1 *' m ' 
nas Tupping with King Lewes of France ', vpon a fudden knocked his fift vpon ubm '& curie 
the table,and cnc6,conclufum eft contra Mxnich&os^ his wits were a woolga- P* ui fmh* 
therinc,as they fay,and his head bufied about other matters*, when hee per- viaSq'& rifu 
cciued"hiserrour,ne was much c abafhed. Such a ftory there is of Archimc- popuium quaiit. 
ties in Vitrnroiu* , that hauing found out the meanes to knowc how much f xianflatcd" 
gold was mingled with the filuer in King///Vr^Jcrowne 7 ran naked forth of by Mr b.hoH- 
thcba[h,andcryed lhaucfound : e ondwas commonly fo intent tohis 
ttudiesjhat he neuer perceaued what was done about him^hen the Citty was bcncmfjfa 
taken^ndthe fouldiers now ready to rifle hu hcufe, hec_jtooke no notice of it, d&itfcde 
S. Bernard rode all day long by the Lemon lake , and asked at laft where hec ^Xanhfta 
was. MarttHitslib.2.eap.4 t It was Dcmocritu* carriage alone that made the MirceHi,Nec 
Ahderitcs fuppofe him to be mad , and fend for Hippocrates to cure him: it (ty 
he had bcene in any folemne company , hee would vpon all occaflons fall a ^ndmmh'Z 
laughing. Theopbrajlits faith as much of Herulitus, becaufe hec continually 
we n^ndcaertius of Menedemui Lamp facta ,becaufe he ran about like a mad T L ^ yu a & £ 
mi-, 6 faying he come from hell as afpy^ to tell the diuells what mortall men f subFuriJ ' 
did. Your great {Indents are commonly no betcer,filly fel'o wcs in their out- ! ^^'f' £l - 
Ward behauiour.ridiculous to others, and no whit experienced in worldly ^wfeTxpkral 
bufinefTe.* 1 ikntwe in my time many Sckotlers,(mh tALnaas Sylvius^ (in an E- wmab kferu 
piftle of his to Gaffer Scittcke, Chancelour to the EmpcrourJ excellent veil ^mmbumr 

talium peccat*. 

*7V«wmtii ditbuSypteroftj.fludiu fittrarumdedUos^Ui difciplinis admdum abuvdabantyfedhinihil tmlMkkabtbant^ntCTm- d$mc(licatn regere nSrant. Stufuit Ptglarenjis &fu)ti vdl'ttm accuftuit, qu\futmf*wn vndtc'm fmtlUiflfmm %n%m 
dmuat puUumcn'ixm retulerat, 

f j horned 

Part.i.Se&.2. Caujes of melancholy. Memb. 5. Subtly 

Z^e^butforude^fofill^ that they had no conmon c witty } pcr kmwe hoxo 
to manage then domefiicke or publike affaires. Paglarenfis was amazed \and 
Jkid hH farmer had furely cofened himjvhen he heard him tell that hit Serve 
had eleauen pigges,and his Affe but tnefoale. 

Now becaufc they are commonly fubiect to fuch hazards and inconvenl. 
cnces,as dotage, madnetfe, fimphcity, cVc, Io.Vofchm would haue good 
Schollers to be highly rewarded , and had in fome extraordinary tefpeCr a- 
; lure prmilegi- boue other men,* h me greater *pr'tudedgcs then the refljhat aAuenturc them. 
anJi,iui ob fdu's^ndabbrcni&te their Hues for the piblikc good. But our Patrons of lear* 
Sr5f ningarefofarrenowadayes, from refpedmg the Mufes and giuing that 
vitm. honour to Schol!ers,or reward which they de!erue, &are allowed by thofe 
indulgent priuikrdges of many noble Prince5,that after al their paines taken 
in the VnruerfiticsjLob. a n d charge , expences, irkfome houres , laborious 
taskes wearifomedayesjdangcrsjhazardsfbarred interim from all pleafurcs 
which other men haue,mewed vp like haukes all their hues) if they chance 
to wade through them,they (hall in the end be rejected , contemned, and 
which is their greateft mifcry 5 driuen to their fhifts^expofed to want,pouer. 
tv and be^gery. Their familiar attendants arc 5 
Pallentes morbi4ttttMfur<tfy % laborfa 
Et mctuiy & wide (u.tda fames, & turpi* egefttSy 

T erribiles vifuformx. . 

Feare,filthy pouerty,hunger that cry cs , 
Terrible monfters to be feene with eyes. 
If there were nothing clfe to trouble them, the conccipt of this alone 
were enough to make them all melancholy. All other trades and profclfi* 
ons after fome feauen yearcs prenticefhip, are enabled by their craft to liuc 
ofthemfelues. A Merchant aduenturcs his goods at Sea^and though his ha- 
zard be great,yet ifone (hip returne offo ure, hee likely makes a failing voy- 
age. An husbandmans gaines are almoftcertainej onely Schollers, mec 
thinkes,are molt vnccrtaine,vnrefpec1:ed,fubie£t to all cafualtics,oihazard5. 
For firft,not one of a many prooucs to be a Schollcr , all are not capable & 
k docile, 15 ex omni Itgno non fit Mercurius : wee can make Muors and officers 

fumemfules & every yeare,but not Schollers.-Kings can make Knights and Barons, as Sigif 
frocovfdt.Rt* wWthe.Emperourconfefied; Vniuerfitics can giue degrees; but he not 
tmlmiSi- thcy,nor all the world can giuelearning,make Philofophers, Ani(ts,Orators 
tor. and Poets: Though they maybe willing to take paincs, and to that end fufru 

cicntly informed ^nd liberally maintained by their Patrons and Parents. Cr 
if they be docile,yet all mens wills arc not anfwerable to their wits, they can 
apprehend,but will not take painesjthey are either feduced by bad compani- 
ons, vel inpueUam impinguntjuelin pcculumfr fo fpend their times to their 
friends griefe,and their owne vndoings. Or putcafe they bee ftudiousjindu- 
ftrious 3 of ripe wits,and happily £ood capacities, then how many difeafes of 
body and minde muft they endurt ? No labour in the world like vnto ftudy. 
It may be,their temperature will not endure it 5 but in drilling to be excellent 
to knowe all 5 they loofc health, wealth, wit, life and all. Let him yet happily 
cfcape all thefe hazards,& is now confummate and ripe, he hath profited in 
his tf udies^and proceeded with all applaufc.-aftcr many expenecs, he is now 


Part t.Se&2. Why theMu/et are melancholy Memb. 3. Subtly. 

fit for prcfcrmentjwhcre fhall he haue it? he is as farre to (eekc as he was(af- 115 
ter twenty yeares ftandingjat the firft day of his comming to the Vmuerfitj* 
For what courfe fhall he take, being now capable and ready ? The moft pa- 
lable and cafie, and about which moft are imploycd , is to teach a Schoole, 
turnc Lecturer or Curat , and for that he (hall haueFauIkoners wages 3 io l 
per annum ^ his diet, or fome fmall ftipend , fo long as hee can pleafe his 
Patron or the Pari(h;iftheyapprouehim not ( for vfually they doc but a 
yeareor two)as inconftant,as * they that cryed Ho f anna one day 3 and crucifie * Mat.n. 
him the other,feruing-man like 3 hc rauft goelook a new matter: if they doe., 
what is his reward? 

1 Hoc quofy te manet vt pueros element*, docentem 1 Hor ' e P' 10 ' 1 - 1 

Occufet ex tremis in vnis alba fenetfus. Like an AfTe } hc wearcs 
outhis time for prouender,and can fhew a ftumpe rod , togam tritam ejr la* 
ceramfawh. t Haduspn old torne gowne 3 an enfignc of his infelicity 3 he hath + decon . 
his labour for his painc 3 a modicum to kcepe him tillhebedecrepit 3 and that temjww. 
is all. If he be a trencher Chaplaine in a Gentlcmans houfe,as it befell m £«- m sammn. 
pborm/otfta fome feaucn yeares feruice 3 he may perchance haue a liuing to 
the haltes,or fome fmall Rectory with a cracktchamber-maid 3 to haue and to 
hold during the time of his iife.But ifhe offend his good Patron 3 or difpleafe 
his Lady Miftris in the meane time 3 

* Due etur plant a velut ictus ab Hercule Cacus, » twtn, Sttj. 

Foneturfyforas ft quid tentauerit vn quant 

Hi (cere 3 as Her cuius did by C*cus,hc (h al be dragged forth 

of dores by the heeles 3 away with him. If hee bend his forces to fome other 
ftudies ? with an intent to be a fecretis to fome Nobleman 5 or in fuch a place 
vnderan EmbafT-dour, hee fhall finde that fuch perfons rife like Prentices 
onevnder another^s info many tradefmens (hoppes $ when the Mafteris 
dead, the fore-man of the Atop commonly fteps in his place. Now for Po- 
ets, Rhetoritians^Hiftorians^PhilofopherSj Mathematitians, Sophifters, 
&c. they are like Grafhoppers , {ing rhcy muft in Summer , and pine in the 
Winter, for there is no preferrnenrfor them. Euenfothey were at firft, if 
you willbcleeue that plcafant talc of Socrates jwhkh hee told faire Phadrus 
vnder a Plane-tree, at the badkes of the riucr Jmenus 5 about noonc when it 
was hor,and the Grafhoppers made a noife.he tooke that fweet occafion to 
tell him a tale,howGrafhoppers were once Schollers 3 Mufitians,Poets,&c. 
before the Mufe> were borne, and liued without meat and drinkc 3 & for that 
caufe were turned by Iupiter into Grafhoppers. And may be turned againe, 
for any reward I fee they are like to haue: or elfe in the mcanc time 3 l would 
they could Hue like them without meat and drinke, like fo many P Manuco- p Aldouermti* 
diaU thofc Indian birds of Paradife , as wee commonly call them, thofc I * e <* vtbui ' 
mcanc that Hue with the ayre, and dew of heauen, and need no other food; Ce f m,&c ' 
for being as they are,their * Rhetor icki only ferues them y to curfew their bid * Uterasbabm 
fortunes , and many of them for want ofmeanes are driucn to hard fhifts, fatm*}™** 
from Grafhoppers they turne Humblebees and VYa(ps,plainc Parafites,ftl« udicam,s»i. 
thily & bafcly thev proftitute themfelucs 3 and make the Mufes, Mules 3 to fa- Mm ?> 
tisfie their hungerftaruedpanches, and getamcales meat. To fay truth/tis 
the common fortune of moft Schollers . to bee fcruile and poore, to com* 
plainepittifully, and lay open their wants to their refpe&lcjTc Patrons, as 


Part, i . Sed 2 . Laufes of Melancholy. Mcmh.3 .SubC 1 5, 

1 1 6 t Cardan doth,as * Xi lander t and many others: as fo many Fidlers , or mcr- 
t itbrU CC nary Tradefmcn 3 to feme great mens turnes for a fmall reward. They arc 
^Ifltan-} Jikc q tn cy haue ftorc of gold, but knowe not the worth ofnv, for J 

flat .piutanb. am oiSynefius opinion 3 t Kin? Hiercn got more by Simonides acquaintance^ 
Inomnoz" *h en Simonides did by bis: they are more beholds to Schollers, then Schol- 
thdr ftrcneth, Icrs to thcm,but they vndcr-value themfelues,and fo by thofc great men are 
A 7thcirown kep c ^ownc. Let them haucaUdiat£»^fty*^4* , all the learning in the 
worth.^ ° Wn vvorld.they mu ft kecpc it to thcmfelucs, r and line in bafe cjleeme, andttarue, 
\p\ura ox s i - except they rv/li fubmit^s £W*#r well hath it,/* many good parti ,fo many en- 
Z°Zlu Hwn- h nei °f ^ rts \ vertues > and be flauifyly obnoxious to fome illiterate potent ate } & 
mfcmm e(l Hue vnder bis infolent worfhip^r his honour, like Parafites. For to fay truth, 
q»m ex Hioo. artes fa mn r unt Lucratiua, as Guide Bonat that Aftroloecr could fore-fee 
r inter inertes& they be not gamcmll Arts theic. 
TUbeias fere j)at Galenits opes^dat Iuftinianus honor es, 

nifitot 'am, The rich Phyhtion,honour d Lawyers ride^ 

wtaifi 'mjig- Whil'ft the poore Scholler foots itby theirfidc. 

m&Xpmit. Po"C rt y is the Mufes Patrimony, and as thatPocticall diuinity teachethvs, 
unit f fcibttt when Jupiter s daughters were all maried to the Gods,thc Mufes alone were 
wZ^Sug ,cfc foUtarj^Hip/r^forfakcn ofallfutcrs, and 1 belecuc itwas,becaufcth«y 
potent*. Lib.i. had no portion. 

de contempt. re- j calliope lonrum Calebs cur vixit in avutn? 

t Buchanan. Ncmpe n:bitdoti,quod numeraret } erat. 

tie^M. \Nhy did Calliope line fo long a maid? 

Becaufe Che had no dowry to be paid, 
f in satyrkln. E v « face all their followers arc poore, forfaken, and left vnto thcmfelue*. 
mtratfenexjed Info much,that as f argues, you fh all likely knowc them by their 

^ufm^tfaM" c l° atnes • r h er e camc$\\h he, by chance into my company , a fellowe not very 
apparent eum ftruct to looke on,tbat I couldperceaue by that note alone he vets a Scholler whom 
^"4!, ^oT c ° mmonl J rich men hated asked him what he was,ke anfweredjt Poet, I deman- 
diuhes odijfcfa- ded againe why hee wasfo ragged, andhee toldmee this kink of learning never 
lent. sy> in- made any man rich. 

%i°elrloum 1 2*' Pcta g° credit jnagno [cfanore toll* , 

malt vefam es> Qutpugnas & roHra petit \pracingitur aura •' 

m'mem vnqum s °** pruinofts horret facundia pannis. 

^vToi^ A Merchants gaine is great that goes to Scs , 

biter. * A Souldier cmboltcd all in gold.* 

•Qfpreffm pan- A Flatterer lies foxd in brauc array, 

£«iZr ... .. ASehollctonlyraggedtobehold. 

wtfubimia® ■ which out ordinary ftudents, right well perceiiiing in our f^riuer/itiu, 

StZi' h °T vn P ro fi tab ' e Poetieal^Mathematicall^Philorophicall Audits 

aut elegantiasy 

archow little refpeded, how few Patrons-, apply themfcliics in all hafte to 
quoniam nihil thofc thrcecommodious profeflions, of Law, Phyficke,and Diuinity, <h* 

2£ £1 r £? th rP r CS u bct nu C ? n f them '" rcicdln S the Arls in thc m «ne rime, Hi- 
dizidet r prim ftory,PhiIolophy, Philology, orliahtlypafling them ouer v as plcafant 

S'Sr lo y^" n B° f n ly [able talk^andto&rnifh rhem with difcourfc. Thcyarc 

m ' notfobchoucfull;hcthatcantellhismonyhathArithmetickccrK)ug^ 

Part.r.Sc&.z. VPhytbeMujcs are melancholy. Mcmb. j.SubiCiy^ 

ii a true Geometrician,can meafure out a good fortune to himfelfe. A per- 1*7 
fc<St Aftrologer, that can caft the rife and fall of others, and markc their Er- 
rant motions to his ownc vfc. Thcbeft Gpticks areata reflect the beames of 
♦ fome great mens fauour and grace to {hine vpon him. He is a good Enginer 
that alone can make an get preferment. This was the comma 
Tcncnt and pra&ifc of Poland, as Cremerus obferued not long fmce, in the 
firft booke of his hiftory,their Vniuerfities were generally bafc,not a Philo* 
fophcr,a Mathematician^ Antiquary ,& be found of any note amongft 
the;n,bccaulc they had no fet reward or ftipend ? but euery man betook him- 
felfe to Divinity } hocfolum in votU habensjpimum facer dot ium y a good Per- 
fonage was their aimc. Euen fo is it with vs , m get an office in fome Bi- 
fhopsCourt(to pra#ife in fome good Towne/or a Benefice is the mark we 
(hoot at,as being only aduantagcou<; 5 the high way to preferment. 

Although many times,for ought Lean fce,thefe men fayle as often as the 
reft in their protects ^and are as vfually fruilrated of their hopes. For let him 
be a Doctor of the Law 5 an excellent Ciuilian of good worth , where fhall 
he practiic and expatiate ? Their fields are fo fcant, the Giuill Law with vs 
fo contracted with Prohibitions,fb few reafbn of thofe all-dcuou- 
ring municipal! Lawes, quibu* nihil illiterate, fai th x Erafmut&n illiterat * chem, 
and.a barbarous ftudy, ( for though they be neuer fo well learned in re, I can 
hardly vouchfafc them the name of Schollcrs, except they bee otherwifc 
cjualified)and fo few Courts are left to that profeffion , fo few offices, and 
thofe commonly to be compared at fuch deare ratcs,tbat I knowc not how 
an ingenuous man (hall thriue amongfl: them.Now for Phyfnians,there arc 
in euery Village fomany Mountebankcs,Empiricks,Quacfalvers,Paraccl- 
(ians,as they call themlelues,C*#;//zV/ &fanicid*> fo * Clenard tczrrncs the, *B?fJiMt>.*° 
Wifards,Alcumiits ,poore Vicars,caft Apothecaries, and Phyfitians men, 
Barbers,and Gercd wiues that profctfc great skill, that 1 make a great doubt 
how they fhall be mairstained,or who fhall be their Patients. Befides, there 
are fo many of both forts, and fome of them fuch Harpyes, fo couetous 3 fo 
c!amorous,fo impudent; and as / he faidjitigiousjdiots, yji.voufJE^ 

Qjuhut loquacis affatim arrogant i* efi y AmMzja** 
Per it U par urn aut nihil, 

Nec vlla mka literary falit, 
Crttmeni-mulga nithz 

Loquutcleia ttsrha, litmm ftroph*^ 1 

Maligna litiganttum cobors/ogat? vultures 

Lav erna alumni ^ Agyrta^&c, 

Which hauc no skill,but prating arrogance, 
No learning, fuch a pnrfe-miiking nation; 

Gown'd vukures,theetresjand a litigious roue 
Ofcofeners,that haunt this occupation, 
that they cannot well cell how to liuc one by another,biit is he iefted in the 
Comedy ofcIocks,thcy were fo many ^ntd'tor pars populi aridareptantfame: %?Umm 
they are a-lmoft ftarued a great part of them, and ready to devoure their fcl- 
lowes,* Etnoxia caltditate fe eorripert ;fuch a multitude of Pettifoggers and ^*rc^tm 
Empcricks;fuch impo,tors,that an honeft man knowes not in what fort to ' ** 
compofc & carry himfelfe in fwch a focicty,to line with any credit in fo vile 
a rout. Q 

ParM.Selt.2. Caujes of Melancholy. Mcmb.j.Subni^ 

~ 118 Laft of all to come to our Diuines, the moft noble profcflion, & worthy 
ofdouble honour 3 but of all others moft diftrefled and miferable. Ifyou wil 
not bcleeuc rae^care a briefe ofit 3 as it was not many yearcs fincc, publikc* 
« Ioh Howfon P rcacnc d at Pau h croffe, a by a graue Minifter then, & now a rcucrend Bi. 
4 o Novcmbns fnop of this land, We that are bred vp in Learning ^nd deftinated by our P*. 
*W- th e Scr- rents t0 ffa e „^ yW e fuffer our childhood in the Grammer fchoo/e,whicbAu1k\n 
wdbyTmoid calls magnam tyrannidem 5 & graue ma\um,and compares it to the torments <f 
Hartfield, martyr dome :w he we come tothe Kniverfityjf we Hue of the Colledgeatiovoace } 
^Phalaris obiecled to the Leontines,9mi7^ hA&i -^h a/^*x) t'oC* 3 needyof 
all thingi but hunger and feareyr if wee bee maintained but partly by our Pa, 
rents cofi^doe expend in tmnecejfary ma'tntenancefookes and degrees \befircj 
we come to any perfection, fiue hundreth pounds jr a thoufand markes. Jfly this 
priceoftbeexpenceofourtime,our bodies andfpirits , our fubfiance and patri- 
monies t we cannot pur chafe thofe fmall rewards ^which are ours by law , and the 
right of inheritance, a poore Parfonageyr a Vicarage of $o l per annum 3 hut veee 
mufl pay to the Patrone for the leafe of a life ( a fjtent and cutworne hfe ) either m 
annuallpenfton, orahoue the rate of a coppyhold, and that with the hazard and 
loffe of our foulesjoy Simony and periury 3 and the forfeiture of all cur Jfirituall 
preferments i in efle and pofle, both prefent and to come, what father after a, 
while will be fo improuidentf* bring vp his fonne to his great charge, to this m* 
ceffary bigger y? what Chriflian will befo irreligious, to bring vp his [on in thai 
courfe ofltfcyvhich by all probability and necefiity^ cogit ad turpia , enforcing 
to fwneppill entangle him in fimony andperiury ! when as the Poet faith, Invi* 
tatus ad haecaliquis dc ponte negabit: a beggers brat taken from the bridge^ 
where he fits a b egging jf he knewe the inconvenience fhadc&ufe to refufeu it* 
This being thus.haue not we fiihed faire all this whilc 3 that are initiated Di. 
fe TerfSat. f, vines,to finde no better fruits of our labours 3 b hoc eft cur palles, cur quis mn 
prandeathoceftjUoc we macerate our felues for this? Is it for this wee rifefo 

* e tech exfli. early all the ycarc Iqng? Leaping (as * he faith )out ofourbcdsjvhen we heart 
Zmtilwb*. thebellring,asifwekadbeardathunderclapMt\iisbezUhz^ 

and honour we (hall hauc, c yra^ leues calamos, & finde Thalia libellos: let 
^u»t tmitl vs g' tueouerourbookcs 5 andbcta keour felues to fome other courfe of life? 

* Hm\ To wnat cncl foould we ftudy ? & Quid me liter ulas flulti docuere^j parentes: 

what did our parents meane to make vs Schollers, to bee as farre to feekc of 
preferment after twenty yearcs ftudy 3 as we were at firft : why doc wee take 
fuch paincs? Quid tantum infanis iuvat impallefcere cha rtif ? If there bee no 
more hope better encouragement. Ifayagainc, Frange leues 
talamos, &ftinde Thalia Itbellos jlctsturne fouldiers, tearc our bookes 3 or 
>Situ \ turncthcmintoGunnesan ^ 

I tuitmf. t hcr courfe of life,thcn to continue longer in this mifery. t Prtfiat dentifcal 
ftaradere^ukmliterarijsmonumentU magnat urn favor em emendicare. 

Teabut me thinkes i heare fome man except at thefe words, that thoueh 
this be true which I hauc faid of the cftate of Schollers 3 ahd efpecially of Di- 
vines, that it is miferablc and diftreffed at this time, that the Church fuf 
fersfhipwracke of her goods, and that they hauc iuft caufe tocomplainet 
there is a ftult,but whence proceeds it? If the caufe were iuftly examined, it 
would be retorted vpo our felues 3 if we were cited at that Tribunall of truth, 
we fhould be found guilty, and not able to excufe it. That there is a fault a. 


Paru.Se&.z. Why the Mufes are melancholy. Memb.j. Subfoj, 

inongft vs ,1 confe{Te,and were there not a buyer, there would not bee a fel- I *P 
ler.-but to him that will confider better of it, it will more then manifeftly ap« 
peare.that thefountaine of thefe miferies proceeds from thefe griping Pa- 
trones. In accufing them , I doe not altogether excufc vs ; both are f aulty, 
they and we: yet in my iudgement, theirs is the greater fault, moreapparant 
caujes^and more to be condemned. For my parr, ifit bee not with me as I 
would,orasitfhouldjldoealcriberhecaufe,as c cW<*« did 5 in the like cafe., e lib.^Jemfi 
meo infortuniopotius quam illorumfceleri % to t mine owne infelicity, rather ^^j" "^ 
then their naughtineHe: Although! haue beenebafled in my time by fome ^pudenc^x- 
ofthemjand haueasiuftcaufe to complaine as another. For the reftj'tis on could noc 
bothftdcsfairtus buy and fell Liuings , to detaine from the p\ a r Tze!difl"m- 
Churcb j that which Gods and mens Lawes hauc beftowed on itj but in the bie 
moft, & that from thecouetoufneilc and ignorance of fuchas areinterre- »f «rf 
• fled in this bufineffej I name couctoufncftc in the firft placets the root of all V paiplndw& 
thefe mifchicfcSjWhich o4^#-likc, compels thern to commmit facrikdge, aduiandum ft* 
and to make Simoniall compacts, /and what not; to their owne ends/ that ^cud^Hm^ 
kindles Gods wrath,brings a plague,verig~ance, and an heauy vifiration vpo turn , um/eniar 
themfelues and others.Some out of that invariable delire of filthy lucre,to be 
inrichedfCare not how they come by k, per fas ejr nefa 7 hooke or crooke, fo cm^ila-' 
they haue it.And fome when they haue With riot and prodigality^ embezel- rem me* 
led their cftates torccouer themfelues, make a prey of the Church, rowing ^fdJucZm 
it, 6 as/«//^the Apoftatedid/poibPerfons of their revenewes (\nkeepi*g ( Deum kabent 
halfebacke, h as a great man amongft vs obferues: ) and that maintenance on mtfim ^ f i{ % 
•which they fhou/d/iur. by meanes of which, BarbariCmeisincreafcd, and a ZquZv?™^ 
great decay ofChriftian Profeflbr*; for who will apply himfelfc to thefe di- mfirabilepmi. 
vine ftudies,his fbnnc,or friend .when after ereat paines taken,they (hal haue n ™- s r cnmm 
nothing whereupon to hue ? But with what event doe they thefe things ? sfycepbomt 
they are commonly vnfortunatc families that vfc it, accurfed in their prope* ^ IO - w Af« 
ny,and as common experiencecvinceth,accurfed themfelues in all theirpro- in hisRcpoIw 
ceedings. with what face ( as 1 he quotes out of Auflin ) can they expect a hlef- fccond pan 
fing or inheritance from chr'jfi in Heauen ^that defraud chrifl of his inherit ^** m 
tance here on earth ? I would all our Symoniacall Patrons, and (iich as de- 
taine Tithes,wouId reade thofe iudicious Traces of S r Henry Sf>tlman and St Hcni T 
S r /antes Semp'i/i K -iighzs i thofe late elaborate and learned Treaties of D r l^um^'ik 
Tiljlye^ and M r Montague y which they haue written of that fubieel, But eaufcf "* 
though they fhould read,it would be to I mall purpofe, c'ames licet ejr mare 
carlo Co n fit nd^ihundcrjighten^ preach hell and damnation, tell them 'tis a 
fin, thev willnotbeleeueit; denounce and terrify, they haue k cauterized k x.Tim.4.3, 
conferences. ihey doenotatcend 3 as the inchanted Adder, they ftoppe their 
cares. Call them bafejirreligiouSjprophane^arbarouSjPaganSjAtheiftSyE- 
picures ( as fome of them fure!y are/ with that Bawd in Plant us s Euge y opti. 
»2,thcycry and applaud themfelues , with that Mifcr ^fimulu nummos con- 
templor in area; fay what you will, quocuna^modoremi as a dog^e barkes at 
the Moonc,to no purpofe arc your fayings.Take you Heauen,let them take 
money. Abafe,prophane, Epicurean, Hypocriricallrout 5 for my part, let 
them pretenjflhat ] zcalc they will, counterfeit Religion^bleare the worlds 1 ff". 
eyesjbumbaft them ft lues, and ftufTc out their greatnes with Church fpoiles, 
(nine like fo many Peacocksj fo cold is my charity , fo defc&iue in f this be- 

Q z halfc, 

Part. i.Sedl. 2. Cau/es of melancholy. Mcmb. 3 • Subtly 

i:o halfc> that I (hall ncuer thinkc better of them , then that they arc rotten at 
core,their bones are full of Epicurean hypocrific,and Athcifticall marrow, 
that they are worfc thenHcathens.For as DionyftusHalicaroaJfem oblerues, 

* ? 'f!!domei antiq.Rom.lib. 7 . m Primum locum &c. Greekes and Barbarians obferue all re* 
^"a babtt pt- ligiow rites y and dare not breake tbem for feare of offending their geds; bu tour 
mum dmnm Simoniaeall contradters^our fenfelcflc ^chans y our ftupified F atrons 5 fearc 
ruT,nmluM neither God nor divell, they haue evafions for it, it is no finnc, or not due 
iiutifllmi c*fio- iure diving or if a finne,no great finne &C. And though 1 they be daily pu, 
i^mBaZ'. nifhedforit,yct as *Chryfoftome follow es it, NulUexpcenafit correclio, 
ri&c quafiadverfismalttiabominumprovocetur, crefcit quotidie quod punt at ur: 
r'J™' 1 '^*' tnc y arcratner vvorfethen better, and the more they arc corrected, the 
'rum^Eik more they offend: but let them take their courfcj Rode caper vttes, gocon 
fermne. ftjll as they begin ,'tis no fin, let them reioyce fecure, Gods vengeance will 

PDfw<?iL ouet '* ta ^ c tncm m the end, and thefe ill gotten goods, as an Eagles feathers, 1 
Jttitvix giuda P will continue the reft of their fubftance. It is <l aurum Tholo(anum,zvA will 
TstrabolS P r °duce no better effects. 1 Let tbem lay it vp [afe, and make their convey- 
Gco^ * 4 ' ances neuerfo clofe-Jocke andfhut doore 3 Mth Chryfojlome, yet fraud and cove- 

* Nihil foeilm toufneftejwo mujl vto lent theeues, are ftill included, and a lit l legai he euiH got- 
TaZ&frl te»,wllfubuert the reft of their goods. The Eagle in *£fipe 9 feeing a peecc of 
de parta. Etfie- flefh ,now ready to be facrificcd, fwept it away with her clawcs, and carried 
d7staii«r& '& " tonernc ftj but there was a burning coale ft uc k to it by chance, which vn« 
tZamVwuht ^arcs confumcd her,yong ones, neft and all together. Let our Symonia- 
& vcfc earn call Church-chopping Patrons 5 and facrilegious Harpyes. lookc fof no bec- 

tcrf ucceffe. 

tut tAtnen p'&U' 

dem&avariti- A fccond caufc is IgnorancC,and from> thence contempt, fuccept odium 
cvinth' 1 " *' * n ^ tera * *^ ignortntta vulgi z which f Junius well percciued .• thi$ hatred & 
™Ld ca; 7. contempt of Lcarning,procccdes outof ' ignorance,as they arc thcmfelucs 
« An neminem barbarons,idiots,dull,illiterate,and proud,fo they efteeme of others.- 

Sint Mec « mtes > non deer » nt ^Ueee Marones: 
tm. ' let there be bountifull Patrons, and there will be painefull Schollcrs in all 
Sciences.Butwhcn they contemne Learning, and thinke themfelucs fuffici- 
ently qualified, if they can write and read, fcamblc at a piece ofEvidcnce,or 
L?diirembie* haue fo much Lati " as thatEmperour had, » qui nefcit difsimulare, nefcit 
cannot hue. * Wverc jhey are vnfit to doe their Countrey fcruicc 5 to performc or vnder. 

take any aftion or imployment, which may tend to the good of a Commo. 
wealth,cxcept it be to fight.or to doecountry Iuftice, with common fenfe, 
which euery Yeoman canlikcwifedoe.And fo they bring vp their children 
rude as they are themfelues,vntaught, vncmill moil part. Shall thefe men 
iudgc of a Schollers worth 5 that haue no worth,that know not what bclogs 

* Brjfer in *i 0aStUdC ^ Slab0Ur ^ 

hhiaftLc- ° ronc? orh, mthatbyrcafonofavolublctonguc,aftrongvoicc, aplea- 
«urconim«, »ngtone,andfometrivantly i'o/r^^/ihclpcs^calcs andelcanes a few 
"v"cd noc «[ rom othcrmens Hatuefts,andfomakcsafaire(hew, andhimthatis 
L.Bi(ho P of trucl y learned indeed? that thuikcs it no more to prcach,then to fpeake and 

" omorcX ^ w «^T^^«^ «agraucmanfaid;and 
+i£,7 « h « cu P on Jilify vs,and our pamcs; fcornc vs,& all Learning, y Bccaufc they 
kmhmm a rc rich,andhaucothct meancs to Hue, they thinkcit conccrlics themnoc 
ZZ cmm ' wknow,onotroubIcth^^ 

ParCi.Se&i. Dignfitonoftkemtfery of Scbollers. Mcmb.g.Subf.ij. 

or poorc mens formes, and no whic befeeming thicalling of a Gentleman: 121 
as Frenchmen and German commonly doe , neglect therefore all humane 
Learning, what haue they to doe with it ? Let Marriners learnc Agrono- 
my* Merchants Factors ftudy Arithmeticke; Surveyors get them Geomc- 
tryj Spc&aclc-makcrs Optickes-, Land-lcapcrs Geography ^Towne-Clarks 
Rhctorickc; what mould he doe with a fpade,that hath no ground to diggcj 
or they with Learning, that haue no vfe of it ? Thus they reafon, and arc 
not auiamcd to let Marriners, Prcntifes,and ihe bafeft feruants,to be better 
qualified then thefelues. In former times, Kings,Princes & Emperors were 
the only Schollers, excellent in all faculties, lulius Cafar mended the yearCj 
and writ his owne Commentaries. 1 Antonius 3 Adrian,Nerc ,Severus,/ultan } * spar Cm. 
tic. * Michael thtEmipexom, and l/actus, were fo much giuen to their ftu- lt( j n({ertbM 
dies,thatno bafe fellow would take fo much pz\ncs.OrtM i Perfcus i Alpkon( 9 y tpiuuAiuk 
Ftolomeus, famous Aftronomers: Saber t MtthnAatcs* Lyfimachm , admired *!< mit Uuubra- 
Phyfitians: Plato's kings all. Euax that Arabian Prince, a moft expert Iuel. l £™ m t md *' 
ler,andanexquifitePhilofopher5 The Kings of tAFgypt were Prieftsofold, 
&chofcnfrom thence, — idem rex hominumyPbabi^facerclos: butthofe hc- 
roicall times arc paft; the Cteujes are now banifhed in this baftard igc.adfor- 
dida tuguriola^o meaner perfons,confined alone to Fniverfities. In thofe 
daycs,Schollcrs were highly beloued, c honored,efteemcd; as Vtrgil hyAu- e Crmmatick 
guflus; Horace by Meccenas: Princes companions 5 as Anacreon to Poly crates*^ '^^iitrifo'" 
Philoxenus to DionyJ/its y and highly rewarded: vfu rerum aut eruditionepffo Vnfefimbm, 
Jlantes vtrijncn(ts olim regum^h/b/ti, as Philoftratm relates of ^Adri/infii fyjj!"'" 1 ™ ** 
Lampr/diw of Alexander Sever us , famous Clarkcs.came to thefe Princes ^dijfent^adem 
Courts, velutinLycmm, as toanVniverfity , and were admitted to their dignitatis info 
libk^quajidivfan epulis accumbentes: And it was fit it ftiould be fo, d quo- ^j?™*™' 
niam /His nihil deefi, & minime egere folent, & difctplinas quas profitentur y quibus ornabani 
folt a contempt u vindicare poffu»t,ihcy needed not to beg lb bafcly, as they ht,m £ra fa 
compell eSchollars'inour times to complaineofpouerty, or crouch to a e p^ abtot ^ 
rich chuffc for a mcales meate, but could vindicate themfelues, and thofe A Heivfmfr^ 
Arts which they profefTed. Now they would, and cannot: for it is held by {^^^T' 
Tome of thcm,as an axiomc , that to keepe them poorc,will make them ftu- sdeiaru iam. 
dyj they muft be dieted,as horfes to a race, not pampered, t alendos 'volunt, t Sen « a - 
nonfagmandoSy ne meliorU mentis flammuU extingUatur \ a fat bird will not emagma^ 
ring, a fat dog cannot hunt; and fobythisdepremon of theirs, f fbmewant * media quid 
meanes,others will,all want g incouragcment,as being forfaken almoft, and 
generally contcmned.How deare of o!d,and how much refpcclxd was Plato JJer^ntm* 
of Dionyfius? how deare to Alexander was Artjlotle} Plutarch to Traiafl} Se- fidebdt, A- 
*eca to Nero? Stmonides to Hieronthow much refpected ? tdutTfw* 
*» Sed h<tc priusfuerejtuncreconditt taatmmmv. 
Senent quiet e f thofc times arc gone: ™c*£! ? " 

Et jpes, d? ratio flud/orum in Cafare tantumx j^e*. 
as he (aid of old, we may trueiy fay now, he is our Amulet, our * Sunnc, our ^"J^^jJJ 
fble comfort and refugc,our Ptolemy, our common Meccengs , Iacobus mu- ™RerJ<d*$ntL 
mficut, Iacobus pacifictuynyjl* tMufarumJtex Platonicus; Grande decus/olw Uu lubmimtm 
menfenojlrum: A famous Scholler himfelfc,and the folc Patron, Pillar, and rdd **' 
fuftaincr of Learning: but his worth in this kindc is Co well knownc, that as •Vmgn, 
Uttnulus <ACatoJ*m ipfum laudan nefatjtt: & which * Pliny to Trfii*n£e- 

Q 1 rU 

Parti. Sc&.i. C att / es of Melancholy* Mcmb,? .Subf 1 5 


rid te c*rmin.t) honor a. £t9rnm anndwm, non hxc brevts& pudwdn prtdtca* 

tio coUt* 

Lctmenotbcmalitiousjandlycagainftmyc?^/^ I may not deny, but 
thatwehaueafprinklingofourGentry, hcere and there one, excellently 
well learned, apparent rari nantcs tn gttrgitg vajloi 
but they are but few In refpeft of the multitude, the major part ( and fome a« 
gaine excepted,that are indirferent^arc wholly bent for Hawkes & Hounds, 
and carried away many times with intemperate luft,gaming,and drinking.lf 
theyread abookc at any time, 'tis an Englifh Chronicle , S* Htton of 'Bur* 
* torus emm deaux^Amdii de Gaule^&c. a play-bookc, or fome pamphlet of Newes,and 
coZt^nitt tbatati'uch (eafonsonely, when they cannot ftirre abroad, todriueaway 
Ftrtmijwen. time, k their fole difcourfe is dogs, hawkes,and horfesj and what newes ? If 
Sit,s ' fome onehauebeene a trauailcr in /^^,or as farre as the Emperors Court, 
wintered in Orleance , and can court his Milfris in broken French, wearc 
l ^ s "T ge - hiscloathesncatelyinthe neweft fafhion , (ing (ome choice outlandilh 
Tulcq/ijndil- Tunes,difcourfe of Lordes,Ladies,Townes, Palaces, & Cities, hee iscom- 
nusge>tere ) & pleat,& to be admired: lOtherwife he and they are much at one; nodiffe- 
n*tMtlTi2' rence betwixt cne M iftcr & tnc Manque worfhipfull titles: winkc & choofe 
fignii.iuvM, betwixt him that fits downe (cloathes excepted) and him that holdesthe 
sat.*. Trencher behindehim: yetchefemenmuftbeourPatrons 3 and wife by in- 

^^iftakemenot(lfayagame) VosbPtfrhiut [unguis > you chat are wor. 
tmjGentlemen, I honour yowr names & Per^pns , St with all fubmifTenefTe, 
proftrate my felfe to your cenfure and fcruice. There are amongft you, I 
«"lhaueofccn doe ingenioufly confefle , many well-deferuing Patrons, and truepatriots, 
Sfe^ndeoL °fniyknowledge,befides. many hundrcths which I neuer faw,no doubt, oc 
ftrredwithdi- heard ofpillars ofourcommon-wealth, m whofe worth 5 bounty,Iearning, 
vers worchy forwardnes,true zeale in Religion, & good cfteeme ofall Schollers, ought 
thc Countfy, to be conlecrated to all pofterity : but of yourranke there arc a debo filed, 
nowhit infa- corrupt,couetous,illiteratecrewagiine,no better then ftockes , merum pt» 
b^wferccd cm ccftor Deum, non mihi videri dignos ingenui hominis appcllatione,) 
for divers kmd a fordid.,prophane, pemitiouscompanyjirreligious, impudent andftnpid,! 
oflcarumg, to k novv n <5 c w h a t Epichets to giue them,cnemies to Lcarning,confounders of 
Academickes. tn - Church, and the mine of a Common-wcalth: Patrons they are by right 
of inheiitance 5 and put in truft freely to difpoie of fuch Liuings to the Chur- 
ches good-, but (hard taske-mafters as they are,) they take away their ftraw, 
& compell them to make their number of bricke : they commonlv refpecT: 
o ltfi iket Ma- their owne ends, commodity is the ftecr of all their a6tions,& him they pre- 
Lmnlml™' fentiriconclufion,asa man of grcateft gifts, that will giue moft; no penny, 
2iU tamn a- ° no Pater noficr^ the faying is . Nifi preces nuro fulcias amplihs irrttm It 

mwfal H< " was an old 0mnU Rsm * v *» a l'*> ' tis a ragge of Popery, which will 

?Et k-atbiflo- neuer be rooted out. A Clarke may offer himfclfe,approuehis P worth,lear- 
nc^amimti ning.honcftyjreligion^ealejthey will commend him for it; but — r probi- 
7^uiZ"m tM l M d f» r & "k'tX he be a man of extraorc inary parts, they will flocke a 
digit«[q s fuos. farre off to heare him,as they did in Apuleim, to fee .Pfycbe : mnlti mortales 
Ttowi con fl ueb * nt ad vtdendum fault decm^eculumgloriofum: Uudxtur ab omnh 
bus, Jpecitfur ab omnibus, nec quifquam non rexjton regius, cupidus cius nuf> • 
tiammpetitor accedit jntrwtur qui dent divtnam formtm omnts, fed ut ftmu- 


Part i.Se&2. Why theMufet are melancholy Memb.j.Subr,i5« 

Uchrum fabre politum mirantur-^ many mortal men came to fee faire Pfyc^y 123 
the glory of her age^hey did admire hcr-commend,defire her for her diuinc 
bcauty.and gaze vponherjbut as on a pi6turc,none would marry her, 1 gmd 
indotAtafrxiz pfichehzd no money. 1 So they doe by learning, l%L7f a> faa 

' 1 '*"' ' r " x didicit iam dives avarus fom ttfiudmU 

Tantum admirars, tantum Ikudare dtfertos. emoiims-, nifi 

. „ J ' flumbea coram 

Vtpuert lunonutvem . \mda,mnv& 

Your rich men haue now learnd of later dayes *»iiito 
T'admire,commend,andcome together TatbZ^s 

To heare and fee a worthy Schollerfpeake, TeiyemMb.i. 
As children doc a Peacocks feather. e - l °- 
Hefhall haue all the good words that may be giuen, f a proper man, and 'tis f £ «^4 no 
pittyhehathnoprefcrment 5 allgoodwi(hesi but inexorable, indurate as he need. Douf* 
is,he will not preferre him ^though it be in his po wer.becaufe he is Motatus z Tffa'tifcfci- 
hehathnomony. Or if he doc giue him entertainment, let himbeneuerfo emia^big, con- 
well qualificd,or pleade affinity, confanguinity, Efficiency, hefhallferue 7 tfarimep^ 
yeares,as Jacob did for Rack <e I ^before he (hall haue it. « Jf he wil! enter at firft, \^iluMm 
hcmurtcomcinatthat 5i^^'4f^gate,come off foundly,andputingood ituv ad omnc.\ 
lecurity to pcrforme all covenants, or els hee will not deale with, or admit " 
him.butiffomcpooreScholler^ fomeparfonchuffe will offer himfclfe 5 or at^Dujioicotg 
fomc Trencher Chaplaine,thatwilltakeitto thehalfe>,thirds,or accede of 
what he will giue,he is welcome, bee conformable, preach as hee will hjfoe 
him ,he likes him before a million of others; for the beft is alway beft cheape: 
& then as Hierowefaid to Cromatius ', patella, dignum operculum y fucb a Pa- 
tron, (iKh a Clearke; the cure is fiipplicd 3 & all parties pleafcd. So that is (till 
verified in our age, which "Cbryfojlome complained of in his time, Qm'opu- 
lentioreifunt inordinem parafitorum cogunt eos* & tpfos tanquam canes ad cmdeTlc 
menfa fuM enutrtmt \eorumfe impudent es ' Ventres -ixiquarum ccenarum re/i- bilamartyrc. 
cjuijs differ tiunt,ijjdem pro a? bitrio abutentes. Rich men keepe thefe Ledu- 
rers,and fawning Parafues, like fo many Dogges at their tables , and filling 
their hungry guts with the offauls of their meate , they abufe them at their 
pleafure.and make them fay what they propofc. x As children doe by a birdor I Fre f cn ^ 

* / n n • in j t t • 1 1 * i r 1 , imperant 3 mer- 

a butterjiye in a firing , pull btm y and Let him out as they lift : doe they by their dmcm ccgunt, 

trencher Chapltns prefer ibejomAnd their vo its Jet in & out. as to them it feemes *»ftr8 the Pnron be precife 3 fo muft his Chaplainebe 5 osif he be Papiftical, IZtt^nt 

hemuft befbtoo, orelfe bee fumed out. Thefe arethofc Clcarkes which & relaxant, ut 

feruc the turne, whom they commonly entcrtainc, and prefent to Church- ^tbT'b i»*r 

liuings, whilft inthemeane time wc that are Vniuerfity menjikc fo many <fowrL/,T«/ 

hide-bound Calucs in a Pafture , tarry out our time, and wither away as a «**d>™*>™* 

flowrc vngathered in a garden ,and arc neuer vfed: or as fo many candles, il- d tf7 q tm% 

laminate our felues alone 5 obfcuring one anothers light, and are not difcer- #«*M 

ncd hecre at all ; the leaft of which, iranflated to fome darkc roome , or to 

fbmeCountrey Benefice, where it might fhinc apart. Would giuc a faire 

light 3 and be fecne ouer all.Whilft we lye waiting here as thofe fick-men did A 

at the poole oft BetbefdayxW the Angellftirrcd the water, expe&ing a good ' ° 

houre,they ft cp betweene, and beguile vs of :our preferment. I haue not yet 

faidjf after longexpccTation,much expence, trauell, and earneft fuit of our 

felues and friends, we obcaiheafmall Benefice at laft : ourmifcry beginncs 


Part.1. Se&.i. C a *f es °f Melancholy. Memb.j .Subf 1 5 

124 a-frefh , wee come to a ruinous houfe, which before it bee habitable, 
muft be ncceflarilyrepairedj'and we arc compelled to fuefor dilapidations; 
and fcarcc yet fcttied,wc are called vponfor our PrcdccetTors arreragcs,fi r lt 
fruicsjtenthcsjfubfidies^reinftantly to be payd, benevolence, procurations, 
&c. and which is moft to be feared, wee light vpon a crackt title , as it befell 
Clenardoi Brabrant t for his Re&ory and his Begins , he was no (boner indu- 
t gpifiM.i. cled,but inftantly fued fefimufy ( t faith he) fir enue litigate, ejr implicabili 
lamfujjeSiM i* folio conftigerem length after ten yeares futc,as long as Troyes fiege, when he 
p!Zt^m nad l y red Wmfelfe 3 and fpenthis mony,he was faine to leauc all lor quietnes 
eji adverfarwy fakc.and giue it vp to his aduerfary. Or els wee (land in feare of fome prcce* 
miJom "ct dent Lapfej we ^ amongft refraclory/editious Se&aries ; peeuifh Puritans, 
*tmjx! ! ' peruerfe Papifts, or a lalciuious rout of Atheifticall Epicures, that willnor, 
bereformcdjor fome litigious people, that will not pay their dues without 
much repining,or compelled by long fuit$ all they thinke well gotten chat is 
had from the Churchy and by fuch vnciuill, harfh dealings, they malce their, 
poorc Minifter aweary of his place,if not his life: and put cafe they be quicc 
honcft men/nake thebeft ofit 5 as often it falls out , hee mufttume rufticke, 
and daily conuerfe with a company of Idiots and Clownes, 

Nos interim quod attinet fnee enimimmunesabhaUnoxa fumus) idem 
rcatusmanet,idcmnobis,& fi non multo gravius, crimen- obi jci poteft: no* 
Araenimculpafitjnoftrainiuria, noftra avaritia, quod tarn irequentcs, fee. 
dasq; fiant in Ecclefia nundinationes 5 ( f templwn eft vanale>deufy) tot fordes 
invehantur,tanta gra(Tctur impietas T tanta •ncquitia J tam infanus miferiarum 
Euripus,& turbarum aeituarkim,noftro inquam, omnium (Academicorum 
imprimis^ vitio fit. Quod tot Refpub. malisafficiatur, anobis feminarium, 
wkro malum hoc accerfimus, &quavis contumelia, quavis interim mi feria 
digni,qui pro virili nonoccurrimus. Quid enim fieri pofle fpcramus, quum 
tot indies fine delectu paupercs alumni , terra: filii, & cuiufcunq; ordinis ho 
muncioncs,adgraduscertatim admittantur ? qui fidefinitionem jdiftinclic- 
nemq^ unamaut alteram memoriteredidifecrint, &< pro more tot annos in 
diale&ica pofuerint,nonrefert quoprofc<5tu,quales demum fint, Idiot*,nu- 
gatores,otiatorcs,alcatores, oompotorcs, indigni, hbidinis voluptaturaq; 
adminiftri 3 

Spon/t Penelopes, nebulo/fes^t^lcinot^y 
raodo tot annos in Acaderaia in(umpfcrint 3 .& (e pro togatis vcnditSrint;lir« 
cricaufa, & amicorum interceflii praefentatur ; Addoctiam & magnifkis 
nonnunquam elogiis morum & fcicntiae, & jam valedi<Sturi,teftimonialjbus 
'^JSfJv' h^e Uteris, ampliifime conferiptis in eorum gratiam honorantur, ab ijs, 
pecnniam,de. ^ qui fidei fua: & exiftimationis ja&uram proculdubio faciunt. Declares enim 
^mdpt^i & Pro fijfi res (4 U0£l air y ' l ^ c J * d mum am, ut ex froftponibm frequtnti- 
nei'yitdoi. tumultuary* potius quam legit imtifommo da fua promoveantyejr ex difi 

* Has nrnka pend'o publico fuum faciant incrementttm\& folum in votis habent annui pic- 
w^iTphJofol rl,lli q5magiltratus,utabincipientiumnumcro * pecunias emungant, nec 
phaftro ceme- multum intereft quifint,literatores anIi:erati,modopingues, nitidi,ad afpe- 
^"cbtii r P cciofi » &q uod vcrbo dicam, pecuniofi fint. a Philofophraftri licert- 
oxonjHbuL tianturinartibuSjartemqui non habent, \Eofyfapientcs effe iubent,qui nulla 
u^'fT" ? r ** iU f unt f A ? ientt * * Et "Mil ad gradum, fraterquam vclle adferunt. 
tsi'Jsni^ Jheologaftri ('folyantmodb) fatisfupcrqjdoai, peromncshonorum gra- 


Parci , Se&.i. why the Mufes are mela?Jcholy. Memb^ . Subl 1 j 9 

dus evehuncur & aicendunt. Acq? hinc fic quod tarn viles (eurrae, cot palTim 12 J 
Idiot* 3 larvae paftorum^ircumforaneijvagijbardi, fungi, cranium, merura 
pecus,infacroianttos Thcologiae aditus, illotispedibusirrumpant, ptaetei 
inverecundumfrontemadferentes nihil, vulgarcs quafdam quifquilias, & 
fcholarium quasdam nugamenta,indigna qua; vcl recipiancur in triviis. Hoc 
illud indignum genus hominum & famclicum 3 indigum,vagum, veneris ma- ftivam pocius rclcgandum,ad haras apcius,quam ad aras a quod di- 
vinas hafce liceras turpiccr profticuit ;hi funt qui pulpica complcnt 3 & in *- 
des nobilium irrepunt 3 & quum reliquis vica: defticuantur fubfidiis 5 ob cor* 
poris & animi egeftacem , aliarum in Rcpub; partiura minimc capaccs finc s 
ad factum hancanchoram confugiunt, facerdotium quovifmod6capcanccs ? 
non ex fincericatc,quod b Passim zkjedcauponantes verbum Df/.Ne quis in- 
terim viris bonis dctraetum quid putec,quos habct Ecclefia Anglicana qua« > i.cor.u?, 
plurimos^grcgiedocloSjtUuftres^ntaclsefama; viros., & plurcsforfan qua 
quaevis Europa? provinciate quis a florentiflimis Academiis,quae viros vn« 
diquaqjdo&iifimos, omnivircutum genere fufcipiendos abunde producis. 
Ecmultoplurcsutraqjhabicura^ulcofplendidiorfutura, fi nonhar fordes 
fplcndidum lumen eius obfufcarcnc ; obftaret corruptio,& cauponantes que/ 
dam Harpya? proletary bonum hoc nobis non invidcrcnt. Nemo enim 
tarn ca?ca menre, qui non hoc ipfum videat ? nemo tarn ftolido ingenio, qui 
non inreUigat-, tarn pertinaci iudicio, qui non agnofcat, ab his Idiocis eircu- 
foraneis , facram polluiThcologiam , ac cceleftes Mufas quafi prophanum 
quiddam proftitui. Viles antma & effrontes ( fic enim Luther us « alicubi vo* 
ai)luce/Ja caufa ut mufca ad mulclrajidnobilium& heroum men fas advolant, 
in J]?em /acerdotif f a\jMbct honoris 3 ofrlrij,in quamvis aulam^urbem fe inge- 
runc,ad quodvis fc minifterium componunt. 

-Vt nervis alienis mobile lignkm Duett ur < = 

ojfam fequentes,ffntacorum morejnpradtjpem quidvu effutiunt • obfecun- 
dances Parafni ( > Erasmus ait) quidvis docentjicuntjertbunt ,fuadent, & < Htinjtm* 
contra confeientiamprob Ant % non ut falutarem reddant gregemje&utmagni. e *sckpfi, 
fcamfibt pirentfortunam. Of intones qmfvis & deer eta contra verbum Dei 
aftruunt.nenon offendant pAtronum^fedutretineantfavoremfrccerum&p- { lutb. mGa% 
pultpUufumyfibifr iffis opes accumulent, Eo ecenim plerumq; animo ad The- 
ologram accedunt,non ut rem divinanv, fed ut fuamfadanti non ad Ecclefiac 
bonum promovendum,fed cxpilandumjquairentes quod Paultss zit,Non qu* 
I(fuChrtft,fedqu*fua,XKfndommi thefauru-m, fed ttt fibi , fuifq; thefaurt- 
zencNeccantumiis^uiviliorfsfbrcuna;, & abjete fortisfuntj hoc mufti 
eft: fed & medios, fummos,e!atos 5 ne dicar»Epifcopos,hoc malum invafir* 
g Dicite Pontificety in facris quidfacit durum?, ^ 

fummosfapc viros tranfverjos agit avaritia^ & qui rcliquis morum probi- « Perf.Sar^ 
tate prseluccrentjhi facem praefcrunt ad Simoniam, & in corruptions hunc h s ^ 
fcopulumimpingentesj nontoadentpecus,feddeglubunt, & quocurjqjfe 
conferunCjexpilantjexhauriunt^bradun^magnum famas fuaj 5 fi non anima: 
naufragium faciences: ut non ab inflmis ad fummos,fed a fummis ad infimos 
malum promanaflTcvideacur, &illudverumfif quod ilk olimlufit, Emerat 
ille prius^vendere iure poteft.Simaniacus enim (quod cum Leone dicam^) gra- 
ft urn non acccpit, fmon acciptt, uon habet y & fi non habetjsec grafts* potejl ejfe, 
Tantvim cnira abfunt iftorum nonnulli,qui ad clavum fedent a promovend© 

ft 5cli<juos 3 

Pare. i.Sccl 2. 0/ Melancholy. McmUs.Subl. 1 5 1 

1 1 , reliquos ,ut penitus impcdiant, probe fibi confcij, q tubus artibus illuc pervc. 
t $*t,*ity?o nennt. f Nam qui ob lit eras emerge /Hos credit, deftpttiqui vero ingenij t er*di* 
tJonissxperientUfrobitAtisjietatujkMufarum idejfepretium putat fquod 
olim revcrafiiitjhodicproroitcitur)/^^ 

malum hoc originem ducat, non ulcro quacram, ex his primordiis cacpitvi. 
tioru:ncolluvics 3 omniscalamitas, omncmiferiarumagmenin Ecclcfiain 
invchitur.Hinc tarn frequens fimonia,hinc ortar, querela?, fraudes,impoitu« 
rae,ab hoc fonte fc derivarunt omncs ncquttiae.Nc quid obiter dicam dc am. 
bitionc , Adulatione plufquam aulic£ , nc tnfti domicasnio laborent, dc 
luxu de faedo nonnunquam vitar exemplo, quo nonnullos offendant, deed, 
potationc Sybaritic^ &c. Hincillcfqualor Academicus, trifles hac temper 
ft Ate Camena,(\\\\\m quivis homunculus artium ignarus, his artibus aflurgar 
hunc inmodum promoveatur& ditefcat, ambitiofis appcllationibus iufig. 
nis,& multis dignitatibus auguftus vuJgi oculos pcrftringat,bcnc fc habcat 
&grandiagradiensmaieftatemquandam , ac amplitudinem prse fc fetens 
miramqifollicitudincmjbarbarcvcrendus, toga nitidus, purpura corufcus 
fupelledilis fplcndore, & famulorum numero rraximc confpicuus. Quxlt) 

ItfoSs* fi* tH * ^ uo ^ ait * ^ f acr * m columnis imponuntur^ vclut onert 
' ' ccdentes videntur^c fi tnjudarent , quum r ever a fenju fwt carentes, ejr nihil 
faxeamatittvent firmitatem : Atlantcs vidcri volunr, quum tint ftatusela. 
pidea? ,umbratilcs revcra homunciones,fungi forfan & bardi, nihil a faxo dif- 
ferences. Quum interim do&i virij& vkas fan&iorisornamentis praediti, qui 
aeftum dici fuftincnt,his iniqua forte ferviai,c,minimo forfan falario concern 
li,puris nominibusnuncupati, humiIes,obfcun, mulrdq$digniorcsiicct, c- 
gentes, inhonorati vitam privam privatam 7 agant,tenuiqj fcpulti facerdotio 
vcl in collegia futs in xcernum incarcerati , ingloric delitefcant. Sed nolo 

tUM. dem. diwtiushancmovcrcfcntinam 5 hincilIa;lachryma?,lugubrismufarum habi- 
CaUorm. ' tus,t hinc ipfa religio (quod cum SefeOio dicam)/* ludibrium & eontemptm 

adducitur ,abie6tum facerdotium (atq« ha? c ubi fiunt , aufim dicerc, & puti- 
* Sm/iM. j uin k pucidi di&criurn de clero vfurparc) Putidum vulgm ,ino ps, rude, for. 


Mb mb. 4, 
S v b s 1 c, i» 

Mo*-neceJfary gemote futr»xrd t aduentithfu acciden- 
fall saufes: 4fjir8 from the Nurfe. 

OFthofe remote, outward, ambient, Neeeffkry caufes I haue fuffici- 
cntly difcourfed in the precedent mcmbcr,thc Non-neceffary follow 
■*m^£ . ofwhich faith J^^naart can be made, by rcafon of their vo- 
tip**. certainety,cafualty ,and mulcitudqfo called not necefar;, becaufc according 

*a»f tt .«>u<uje- accidental! caufcs,which I (hal entreat of here, might h iuc well beenc red* 
•for** licet m cedto the formcr,bccaufe they cannot be avoided, but fatally happen to vs 
chough accidentally,andat wnawarcs,at fomc timcor other: the reft arc col 
tmgenc and ineuitable,and more properly infertcd in this ranckc of caufes, 
Toreckonvpallisathwgvnpolfiblc, of fomc therefore moft remarkable, 


■ V - •■ - ■ 

Paru.St&.2. Nurje a caufe. Memb.4. Subfa . 

of thefe contingent caufes which produce Melancholy, I will briefly fpeake 127 
and in their order. 

From a chtlds Natiuity , the firft ill accident that can likely befall him, in 
this kinde is a bad Nurfe,by whofc meanes alone, hec may bee tainred wich 
this n malady from his cradle, ^ulus GelLius libyix, cap. /.brings in Phauori^ n grijemel cp 
ruts that eloquent Philofopher, prouing this at large, that there u tht fame mhk ' a recens 
vertu? and property in the milke as in the feed^and not m men a/o^e, but in all y^p d^mv. 
other creatures: hegiues tnftance in a Kid and Lambe , if either of them fucke of sjcutvalet «4 
theothers milke jhe of ^the Goats .or the Kidof the Ewes the veooUof the f' ,e J r ' da * cor P*; 

.,.//• 111 r 1 ^1 rr ti 1 * J ns </tq amim (i~ 

one voillbe hxrdjhe haire of the other J oft Gtraldit* Cambrenfis Itinerar. Cam- miiim 

i ts vn 

^/^./^.r.a^.^.confirmcsihisby a notable example which happened in his & 
time. A fovvpigge by chance fucked a =Brach, and when fhee wasgrowne, ^>S«£ 
Y would mtratuloufly hunt all manner of Deere jindthat as yvelljr rather bet. er K%jmhm\. 
thtn any ordinary hound. His conclufion is,q that Men and bcafis participate mb "' itd 
of her mture and condition! ,bj vohofe milke they are fed. Phmorimu yrgeth it 'll^fer^nT 
farther,and demonftrates it more cvidently.that if a Nurfe be£ m:\hipen 3 vn- ^ w fiovkm 
chaftsjnhoncttjmpudenttdrunket crueller the likc,thechilde that fucks vp- ,f • 
on herbreaft willbefotoo;andall ether afr'edlions of the minde 5 and difca- «fcr«f*r, f M.' 
fesalmoft areingraffed 5 asitwere, and imprinted into the temperature of ^£f trim . bis 
the lnfant,by the Wurfcs milke; as Fcx,Leprofie,Melancholy . &c. Cdto for 
that rcafon would make his feruants children fucke vpon his wiues breaft ,be- m faermetf 
caufe by that meanes they would louehim and his thebetcer, and in all like- l* d ? li * i !'f e ~ 
lyhood agree with them. A more evident example that the mmdes are aire- time Id'Z- 
red by milke^ annotbc giuen then that o^Dion which c he relates o(Cal/gu- ufumvfyfr 
//* could neither be imputed to father or mother, but to his nurfe ^r m an -, ml 
3>on<?,thut anointed her paps with blood ftill, which made him fach a mur- pttOibet qwm 
< derer,andtoexpreneheFtoahairc: Andthatofr^r/^,whowasacom- ^Ttftlf'*" 
mon drunkard, beeaufe his Nurfe was fir ha one, £t fidelirafuerit ( u one tHrmurmi£> 
obferues jinfantulum delirum facietjS. fhc be a Took or dolt y her childe fhee t/ahit - 
nurfeth will take after hcr,orotnerwife be mifafTe£ted 5 Which Francifcm ifS*? 6 **? 
Barbaras lib. 2. cap. re vxoria jproucs at tull,and odk#. Guiuxrri l b. 3. umkna nu 
de Marco Aurclto: The childe will firrcly participate. For bodily ficknefle trix & c > 
there is no doubt to be made. Titm 3 Vejpaftanus fon was therefore fickly be- tfomsnJu" 
caufe his Nurfe was fa^Lampridiw. And if we may belecue Phyfitians, ma- *wg**« ft/} 
ny times children catch the pox from a rood Nurfe, Botalduscap.d/.delue p ?J- m J' 4 -™* 

ti 1 r r n 1 1 i t 1 1 tiln'lCiiCr VdtH- 

vener. * For thcic czmcs An ft tie Polit-Ub .j.cap.i>y,Phauor inus ^vd Marcus ultflk tarn. 
K^ttrelins would not hauc a childe put to nurfe at all , but every mother to 1 Hl,can ri 
bring vp her owne,of what condition focuer flic be. Which fome women r7mlyl* A 
mod curioufly obff rue , and amongfl the reft , J that Quecne of France^ a x ti6.iJe&. 
Spaniardby birth,that was fo precife and zealous in this behalfe, that when ^edl'ca % 
in her abfence^ ftrangc Nurfe by chance had fuckled her childe,fhe was ne- i bljcctf.htf. 
vcr quiet till fhe had made the infant vomit it vp agame. But fhee was too 
iealotis:ifkbefo,as many times it is,thcy mtift be put forth,I would then ad- geLtuorput't 
vifeflich mothers as * Plutarch doth in his bookc de liber is educandis , and ammutmw* 
* S.Hterome lib.2.epi/l.27.lM*,de inftitut.fil.Magnww part. 2, Reg fan it cap. ^stMtam 
7. that they make choice of a (bund woman,ofa good complexion , hone ft, * To 1. T^u'trU 
ftecftombtxlilydifeafesjifit be pofTibkjallpanlons and perturbations of ^onqua/vu p 

■ 1 1 {edmaximtp^ 

bas dcligamuf, * Nptrix non fit kfiivagui termltnta. Mitt, 

E % the 


Cau/es of melancholy. 

Mcmb.4.Subl.z f 

128 the mindc,as forrow,fcare,griefe, b folIy > mclancholy.For fuch paflions cor, 
tprohibmdum n ipt the milkc and alter the temperature ofthechilde , which now being 
yit ftoiidtkact. c r £ um & m0 ftg/ u tumjs eafily feafoned and pcruerted. And if fuch a nurfc 
' ?crr ' may be found out,let Phauorinus and M. Prelim plead how they dan a . 

gainftit,! had rather accept ofher,then the mother her felfe. For why may 
not the mother be a whore,a peeuifti drunken flurt ? a wafpifli cholcrickflur, 
a crazed peecc,a foole(as many mothers arejas foonc as the NurferThere is 
more choice ofNurfes then Mothers; and therefore except the mother bee 
molt vertuoiis,fl:aid,a woman of excellent good parts, and of a found com- 
plexion I would haue all children in fuch cafes committed to Grangers, 
And 'tis the only way; as by marriages they are engrafted to other families 
to alter thebreed 3 or if any thing be amilfe in the motber,as Lodeuicus Mer* 
eatus contends, mort>.b< prevent difcaics and fuuirema, 
ladies,to correct and quahfic the childs ill difpofed temperature, which hec 
had from his parents. This is an excellent remedy, if good choice bee made 

Svbsec. 2. 

Education a cau/e of Melancholy* 

Ducation ,of thefe accidentallcaufes of Melancholy , may iuftly chal- 
lenge the next place.for if a man efcape a bad nnrfe 3 he may be vndonc 
* LlbJt mri' "* ^y eu iM bringing V P- d la ( on Pr*tenfis$w\.$ this of Education for a.prin* 
tAfitiicy.'de cipall caufe,bad parents j{tepMT»others,Tutors,Mafters 3 Tcachers, too rigo- 
man'u.haudpa- rous,and too feuere,or too remhle or indulgent on the other fide, are often 
%Zmur'tiu. f°uutaines and furtherers ofthis difeafe. Parents and fuch as haue the tuiti. 
eatio, inter ha* On and ouetfightofchildren,offend many times in that they are too fternc, 
m ^ abal T' A ' alwaythreatning, chiding, brawling, whipping, or ftriking- bymeanesof 
l^n'ffurct. Whichjthcirpoore children are fo di(heartned and cowed, that theyncucr 
after haue any courage,or a merry hourc in their lines, or take pleafure in a* 
ny thing. There is a great moderation to be had in fuch things ,as matters of 
fo great the making or marring of a childc. Some fright their 
children withbeggers, bugbeares, and hobgob!ins,if they cry, or bee other- 
wayes vnruly:but they are blame in it,many times,faith Lamttr de 
Jpeffru.part.i.cap.f.ex metuinmorbos graues incidunt , & noclu dormienles 
cUmantforieixe they fallinto many difcafes,and cry out in their flcepe,and 
arc much the worfe for it all their Hues ; thefc things ought not at all, or to 
be fparingly done 3 and vpon iuft occafion. Tyrannicall,impatient, harebrain 
Schoolemafters,^/4f^^////9r/' 5 are in thiskindc'as bad as hangmen and 
executioners jthcy make many children endure a martyrdome alf the while 
they arc at Schoo'le, with bad diet, if they boord in their houfes , too much 
fcuerity and ill vfage, they quite peruert their temperature of body & mind: 
ftill chiding,rayling,frowning,lafhing,tasking,keeping , that they are Jrscli 
animii 5 moped many times,and weary of their liucs,and thinke no flauery in 
the worldf as once I did my fclfc;like to that of a grammcr Scholler./V**'/- 
torum ineftijs difcruciantfir ingenUpuerorumfmh Erafmu*,they tremble at 
his voice jlookcsjcomming in. S^ufim in his firft booke of his confeff. and 


Part.i,Se&.2. • Education a caye, Memb.^ubi*,, 

4 c ^.calls this fchooling meticulbfam nece(!itatcm, and elfewhere a martyr- I *9 
domtfjand confefleth ot bimfelfc, how crueliy he was tortured in minde tor 
learning Gxczk,nulia verba noueram, & fevis terror ibw & p*nis, vt nojfem, 
injlabatur mihi vehementer^ I knewe noihirfg and with cruell terrors & pu- 
nilhmcnt> 1 was daily compclTd". c fi«tf complaines in like cafe ofa rigorous 
Schoolcmafier in Parti y that made him by his continuall thundering and i 
threat s,once in a mind to drownehimfelfc,had he not met by the way with 
an vnldc of his that vindicated him from that mifery for ihe trme , by taking 
of him to hishoufc \TrtncaveUtus lib.i .confil. 16. had a patient 19 yearcs of 
agc 5 cxt:eamcly melancholy ybnimiuw fludmm Tarvttij ejrprtceftoris mi- 
//,/^byreafon of< uermuch ftudy , and his* Tutors threats. Many Matters *p^ wwr ^ 
are hard hearted and bitter to their feruants, & by that meanes doe fo much ptcbgoguo fu- 
dciecl.with terrible fpceches and hard vfaecfocrucifie them . that they be f"i m "^*' tf * 
come delperatejand can neuer be recalled. p*ceptu fun 

Others againe,in that othet extreame , doeasmuch harme bythcirroo faptaOM 
much remi nefle, their fervants, children , SchoJlcrs, are carried away with mt ' 
that llreame of dainkennefTe , Idlenede , gaming , and many inch irregular 
courfes,that in the end they rue ir, curfe their parents , and milchicfe them- 
felues. Too much y^ulgence caufeth the like, many fond mothers efpecial- | cmerm* 
lv,totefo much vpo' 1 their children Ulc\?sffops Ape , till in theendethev «**77.c«tf *, 
crufh them ! o death . Cor forum nutrias animarum noverce , pam per jng vp ^pr^j 1 " 1 ^ 
their bodies to the vudoing of their foules:they will not let them be ^corre- an Fmbicme. 
cledor controled,butfti!l foothed vp in cuery thing they doe, that in con- am; "< lo > 
clufK>n,they become nidc/ntatightjheadftrong.incorritible.andgracelefie; ^ Ptov _ J4> 
They hue them fo foffiffhfy, faith 8 Cardan ^ tb at they rather feeme to hate them ) Hee that fpa- 
brrnging them vp not to-vertue but wiuryjiot to learning but riot 3 not to jo- his Ton 
ber life ana cornier ( at i on : but to all pleifure and licentious behauiour, VVho is ? ub.z. deeon- 
he of fo little experience that knowes not that of Fabim to bee true, that AVr*;w_/?«W 
h Education 16 another nature alter ingthc minde and will , and /would to God wTdlftpoiift? 
f faith he,)!?*? oar felues did not jpoyle our childr ens manners 3 by our ouermuch vidtathur, illos 
cockering and nice educa t ion, and weaken thefircngth of ther bodies ejr minds-, ^adlnlTm 
that caufeth cuftime , cujtome nature, rjrc For thefe caufes Plutarch in his ' VO n ad eruditC 
booked Lb*cduc\z\'\&Hieromepi(l.l>b.2.epifl. 77. to Lxtzde inftitut.fili*. memfedadkx- 

ftr^ ■ 11 t '11 1 j 1 • 1 um.nonad vi- 

efpeciall charge to allparents, and many good caution? about ta ^ f cdvo j u p. 

the bringing vp of children, that they benot committed to vhdifcreet, pafli* tatm educates* 

onatSjbedlam Tutors,Iight,giddy headedjOrcquctousperfonSjand fpare for * % 

nocoit,thattheymay be well nurtured and taught, it being a matter of fo mm*AU*t<tt 

grcatconfequencc. For fuch Parents as doe otherwife 5 Pluttirch efteemes anims&zo- 

like them , » that are more carefull of their fhooes then of their feet , that rate l ltmm£q\n) 

their wealth abouc their children. And he,faith Cardan } that leaues hisfonne libetwii mfiro- 

to a eouetom Schoolemafler to be informed #r to a clofe Abby to fn(l and learner Ytf^lnmu 

Mptfdome together Jioth no ether 3 then that he bc^> a learned fooler , crajickljr quummfmum 

Wtfemax* f atim delis 9 s 



qum InMrentim v«emm^efvosmm^& mtntk & corporisfravgiufit ex h'u mfatkd'ojTtde itatura. ' Vtt'mde ain at fi auk 
de co/ceo fit (ol/i.itHfipedm nihil** et. luven Ndpatrimimti eft quint filtm. u Lib.$ defapient. qui avarh ptdagogis pacta alen- 
dtt dojityVtUltufosm ambus umart (mid &faptre. nihil aliudagmi nip vt fmtvelnon fine jtuUitia. eruditi,velwtegra vita 

R 3 Svbs.. 3. 

pfcu.Se&.2. Caufts of Melancholy. Mcmb.4.Subf j # 

j 3° 

S V B S E C« 3. 


Terrors and affrights caufes of melancholy, 

Vlly in the 4 of bis Tufculans,. diftinguifhcth theft terrors which arifc 
from the apprehenlion of fome terrible obicct heard or fecne ,from 
all other feares,and fo doth Patr/tiw lib % $*Tit. 4. de regis inflttut. Of 
all feares they are moft pcrnitious and violent, and fo fiiddamcly alter the 
whole temperature of the body.mouc the foule and fpirits, and ftrike fuch a 
deepcimpreilion,that the pat tics can neuer becrecoucrcd, caufingamorc 
grievous and fiercer melancholy , as Ftlix Plater , cap. j. de mentis dienat. 
\ r f m& r' 1 Ipeakes out of his experience.then any inward caufe whatfoeuer: andrn* 

tttl maxim, ex r >s> ^ s> i i i i r i t it I rr n 

improvfo acci prints it felfe Jo forcibly in the fpirits y brume , humours, that if all the mafjeof 
denies, m am were [ et out f t fo y oc lyjt could hardly be extracted. T hu horrible kind of 
vmt y w fpirirm melancholy '(for To lie tearmes h)had beene often brought befire him^ andtrou~ 
Kuaqvam rem- hies and affrights commonly men and women,young and oid t of all forts .Hercules 
SmkMbf. Saxoma^ciMs this kinde of Melancholy ( ab agitations ffirituum ) by a pc 
ham term fa- culiar name,it comes from the agitation, motion, conygdion , dilatation, 
C Abmitm&Ci not * rom an ^ diftemperature of fpirits 3 & produced) ft r<Sg effects. ihis'I er- 
fit.imftefio k four is moft vfually ^Plutarch will haue^MK fome imminent dan* 
finis m fyiriti- gerjvhen fome terrible obieel is at hand, heard, fecne, or concerned, n trudy 
ceretTvt'ex^ 1 appear ing.or in a « dreame: and many times the more fudden the accident, it 
trans tot £ fa- is the more violent. 

gmei mgffkfr j $ut {error a „g m ^ & c$r attonitum fxlit^ 

gf sxprmatur, . . • 1 1 • ■ 

Et h*c horrcn- Vauidum^ trtpiats palp tat venti iccur. 

etaftetm me- Their foule's arTnght^their heart amazed quakes,. 

Renter* obiata ^he trembling Liuer pants ith' veines and akes. 

toibi>omm ex* Arthemedorus the Grammarian loft his witts by the vnexpefted fight ofa 
™m*^<me% X *~ Crocodile, jUwy*?///^ melan. The P Maifacre at Liens 1572. in the 
* Tract, dem- raigneof Charles p. was fo terrible and fcarefull, that many ran mad , fome 
kn.eap.7 & 8. died,great-bcllied women were brought to bed before their time, generally 
*,£d 4«£ a11 affi : ighted-and agaft. Many lofe their wits q by the fudden fight of fome fit- 
m'j ddiiuvwne, Brum or divcll s a thing very common in a/lagesfoith Zauaterpart, /, cap. 
t"ttoliefat 0re ft es ^ 2ttx ^ c ^ 1 of the F*r/«, which appeared to him in blade fas 

& vht .Alex. 

* Paufanias records jThe Greeks call them f«?ft«*iJx«*,which f ternfie thcic 
frtfcriimituun- Soules^or if they be but affrighted by fome counterfeit divclls in icft 
vesquhpe ad- vtfitn trepidant, at % omnia cacu 

fmt temblies. In tenebris metuunt, — as children in the darke conceaue 

bmemiUcuL Hob ? obIins > & arc forc afraid,thcy are the worfe for it all their hues. Soir.c 
apparente™'* by fuddenfires,earthquakes 5 inundations, or any fuch difmall obie&s: The- 
per hfomuA. mifon the Phyfitian fell into an Hy drop hob i/t } by feeing one ficke of thatdif* 
o a Pamrers c ^ e ( Dio fi°^s U. cap. s j. )oi by the fight of a monfter,a carcafc.they arc 
wife m Bafil, difquieted many months following,and cannot endure that roome where a 
If^lt C03rfc hjchbccn ^ or for a worldiwould not be alone wkh a dead man,orlyc 
mmmmMe in that bed many ycarcs after 3 in which a man hath died. At r g^/ama- 

Me\aj\mhca confjlawiolwt. t Senec.Herc.Oet. f Statu rtligvmU in Gallh (ub Carolo 91^^ 
Kcur.u dtmonumaliqtuturere com\mntur^ expermtia notum e/t " Ltb.% in Arcad. t Lucre t. 1 Tuclltt extra lrbarhfr» 
iKwmeSt&cMtlta&mclaickolu;* d«mm rtdytpcrdiu aliqm xtxata^dmmnrtm efi. Tlnttr. ' ' 

Part i.Scd.2. Terrors andaffrigkt. Mcmb.4.Sub£$. 

ny little children in the Spring time,went to gather flowers in a mcddow 1 3 1 
and at the townes end,wherc a malefactor hung in gibbcts 3 all gazing at if, 
one by chance flung a ftone, & made it ftirre, by which accident, all the chil- 
dren affrighted ran away; one flower then the rebooking d feeing 
the ftirred carcafe wag towards her, cry ed out it came after her , and was fo 
terribly affrightcd,that for many dayes (he could not be pacified ,but melan- 
choly, died. f In the fame townc another childe beyond the Rhine ^ lawe a t j ltera » 
grauc opened^nd vpon the fight of the carcafe , was fo troubled inminde, Rbenana btgrefo 
that fhe could not be comfortcd,but a little after died, and was buried by it, Mrdthnm 
fhter$tsobferuat.ltb*i. A Gentlewoman of the fame Citty faw a fat hogge S 2*w 8 
cut vp,and when the intrals were opened , and a noyfomc favour offended & domm/ubi 
her nofefhc much mifliked,and would no longer abide : a Phyfitian in pre- t0 \ em ^ a P u «- 

- 1111 1 «~ r n r m rr\ • ■ * viteam vocare % 

fence,told hcr,ihat as that hogge was,io was fhee,tull of nlthy excrements, poft P anco S diet 
and aggrauatcd the matter by fome other lothforoe inftances, info much, tb v l ^oximofe. 
that this nice Gentlewoman apprehended it fo dceply,that fhe fell inftantly u^/rfpan- 
a vomiting,and was much diftempered in minde and body ,that With all his buium<ero pr*. 
art and perfwafions,for fome months after, hee could not rcftorc her ro her fa™ 3 ^?' 
felfe,(he could not forget it,or remoue the obicd* out of her fight,/^/».Ma- tiufkUfoJe?**. 
ny cannot endure to fee a wound opened.but they arc fickc,or a man exscu- 4*"*? 
tcdor ficke of any fcarcfull difeafe,as po{rc{rion,Apoplexics,bewitched;t or % e *'ff^' gi 
if they read by chance of fome terrible thing^they are as much difquictcd,as *x*tt tabor avit. 
if they had feenc it. Hecates fibt videnturfomniare y they drearne, and conti- i 
nually thinke of it. As lamentable effects arc caufed by fuch terrible objects f m . m^TJ 
hcaT6)2sfeenc,aud/ftamax/w0smctta incorpvrefacitjA u Plutarchholds,no l ^ tio - 
fenfe makes greater alteration of body and minde: let them bearc witnefle } l0 ^e' deaudl ' 
that haue heard thofe Tragicall allarums, outcryes, hideous noifes, which * ei'ufncmtm 
are many times fuddenly heard in. the dead of the night by irruption of eni- fu l mei 
mics^accidentall fires 3 &c.thofe * panicke fcares,which often driuc men out meamt'/mflat 
of their wits, bereaue them of fenfe, vnderftanding and all, fome for a time, {crnHa Fa "m 
fome for all their hues .they neuerrecouer it. The 7 Midianites were foaf- ^ AkiatMttb ^ 
frighted by Gideons fouldiers , they breaking but eucry one a pitcher ; and » iud.6. J9 . 
« Hannitais army by fuch a panicke feare.difcomfitcd at the walls of Rome, % . Plkt f ,tbM 
K^ugufta UvU hearing a few Tragical vcrfes recited out of Virgil \Tu Mar- vltatMi * 
cellos eris,ejrcfd\ downc dead in a fowne. tdinus king of DenmArk^ by a fnd- 
den found which he heard, 3 was turned into fury with All hie men , Cranzm x in furam 
Ub % ^T>an.hifi.& AlexAnder ab Alexandre lib.), cap. 5. \^4matut Lufitanns tum f' c » s ™- 
had a patient, that by reafon of bad tidings became Epilepticut^ cent. 2 .cur a ^ 
90. Cat dm fubtil IthiS.faw one that loft his wits by miftaking of an Eccho. 
If one fenfe alone can caufe fuch violent commotions of the minde , what 
may we thinke when hcaring,fight,and thofe other fenfes are all troubled at 
once? as by fome Earthquakcs.thunder^ightningjtcmpefts, &c. At Bologne 
in Italy Anno 1504. there was fuch a fearerull earthquake about 1 1 a clockc 
in the ni^hr/as * Beroaldus in his booke de terra motu , hath commended to * Subittrm 
pofterityjthatall the Citty trembled, the people thought the world was ac tm * mm ° 
an end } a&um demortalibus % fuch a fcarcfull noifc», it made fuch a deteftable 
fmell; the inhabitants were infinitely affrighted , and fome ran mad. ^udi 
rem Atrocem & Aunalibus memorandtm(mine Author addes Jheare a ftrangc 
*ftory and worthy to bee chronicled, I had a feruant at the fame time called 


Parti. Se&.x. ofMelancboty. Memb^.Subf 34 

152 Fulco Argelanusp bold and proper man,thac was fo terrified with it, that he 
ftMfcM*- was firftmelancholy 5 afrcr doted, at laft mad, and made away himfelfc. Ac 
#rr« cumdf b Fufcinum //* Iapona r here was fuch an earthquake >and darkneffe of "a fudden y 
f iu£dT y tfjat man y men were ojfwledwith head-ache jnany overwhelmedw/th forrow 
Zentm/t'ftbi and melancholy. At Mcacum whole Jlreets and goodly palaces were otter turned 
ip/i mortem in- at t }, e ^ me time, and there was fuch an hideous noyfe wit hall like thunder } and 
^Hijiorka re- * filthy fmell y that their haire flared for fear e, and their hearts quake djnen and 
httode rebut y ea jls were incredibly terrified.In Sacai another cittyjhefame earthquake was 
upmcUTrafa ^ Urri ^ t vnt0 themjhat many were bereft of their fenfes ; and others by that 
WJS'/'lo. horrible Jpeclacle fo much amazed f hat they knewe not what they did. Blafius a 
dsvicoFmsie- Q ir jftj an5 the reporter ofthenewes^ was fo affrighted for his part,that 
F^Sf dcrl 6 ' though it were two months after,he was fearcehis owne man,n ether could 
ftnthmumu he driuc the remembrance of it out of his minde. Many times fome yeares 
Citl fj ttmlti a ^ tcr » tne y ^ tumble a frefh at the tf remembrance , or conceipt of fuch a 
apite dotercnt, terrible obie<5t,euen all their liueslong,if mention be made of it. Cornelius 
pUtrimii cor ^Jgrippa relates out of Gulielmus Pariftenfis, a ftory of one, that after a dif. 
"b \T ohwel taftfull purge which a Phyfitian had prefcribed vntohim,was(bmuchmo. 
tur.Tantumfrt' ved, d that at the very fight of Phyficke he would be d/fiempered,though he ne- 
mtumedebat, f ^ as mie ij cc j to it the very fight of Phyfick lone after, would giue 

vttomtrttfrago- . ' l D r- 11 rf> ?• ?■/ & 

rem mitaxi vi- him a purge; nay the very remembrance ot it would eftect it: c like trauellers 
dereturjamam- an d Sea-men ,faith Plutarch ^that when they haue beenefanded on a rocket for 
Unite seed ever *ft er f ur€ mt f ^ at m *f e h*>ncc onlyftut ail fuch dangers whatfoeuer. 

tarn hor/ifcui 

fuit,vt homines vix fui compotes effent,k fenftbus ebolienatijitnerore typrefji tam borrendo fpeftaculot&c . e Jffauitt fubit itl'm ti> 
fiijjima nottu Imago. d J§>ui fob afpeflu medlcin* muebatut ad purgttndum. e Sunt viator es ji adfixnm mpe^emt t Mt ««MUt 
mmorcifui copy >norii$atnodo que oftendunt .fed &Jimilk horrent perpetno &tremimt. 


Scoff es> Calumnies fitter Jefis, how they Uufe melancholy. 

IT is an old faying^ 1 A blow with a xoord^firikes deeper then a blow with a 
(wcrd : and many men arc as much gauled with a calumny \ fcurrile and 

rant. Pernor dm 

bitter jeft, a libera pafquiHor the like,as with any mif-fortune whatfoc* 
t Enfs f*uciat uer.Princes and Potentates, that arc otherwife happy, and haue all at conv 
}«m! mnUm man( ^» arc g"cuoufly vexed with thefcpafquilling libels, and Satyrs: they 
t Sdatu eum feare a ray ling | Aretine^ more then an enemy in the field; which made moft 

Princcs of his dme (* s fomc relatc ) alloW him a uhe *& penfton^ thathefbould 
magnate } non »/- mt t axe t hem in his Satyr es • The Cafars thcmfelues in Rome were common* 
MuU^u ly runted. Adrian the fixt Pope, 8 was fo highly offended, and grieuoufly 
ip(Tums™!u vexed with Pafquillers at that hec gaue command that flattie (hould 
(m mtaret. be demoliQied and burned 5 the afties to be flung into the riuer Tyber f and 
I1f*p™£d. Y^aI* forthvvith ^ had not Lodovicus Sueffannsfi facetc companion, diC 
t ivviiti in vita, iwaded him to the contrary,by telling him 5 that Pafqutls afhes would turnc 
fSi^fiS to "°g smtncbottomc ofthc riuer, and croake worfcand lowder thenbe- 
ZJlmmen .777?^ ^ritabile vatum , and therefore * Socrates in Plato advi- 

[umn ad Paf feth all his faends/A 4 rejfecl their credits, to (land in awe of Poets for they 

^T^t^lf^T &e 'i VM ** ^ t*$mtim» «w,/Mg tmmifi* 

mgtam vvn baetnt ad lnudmum &vUupervidm. n 


Part. 1 ,Se6t.2. Scojfes 3 Ca/umnies eye. Memb.^Subf.^ 

are terrible fe/lowes y and caff praife and dijpraife & they fee caufc_j. The Pro* I33 
phec DiUidcompMmtsPftl. 123.4. that hisfoulevoas full of themockihgofthe 
wealthy ^ and of the defjfitefulneffe of the proud, and ffal. ss-4- fir the voyce of 
the wicked &c.and their h&tejois heart trembled within him, and the t err ours 
of death came vpon him. Feare,and horrible feare ejrc and Pfal.6p.20. Rebuke 
hath broken mine heartland I am full of heauineffe. Who h 3th not like cau (e 
to complainc, and is not fo troubled^that {hall fall into the mouthes of fuch 
men? for many arc of fo h petulant a fpleene 3 and haue that figure Sarcafmus n J e c ^^ u ' 
fo often in their mouthes,to bitter, fo foolifh , as 1 Bait afar Cafttlto notes of ' cmiai.iib.t. 
them/hat they cannot Jpeakejtut theymvfl bite$ they had rather lofe a friend, 9"»' wwfcn » 
then a jeft, and what company focuer they come in, they will be* qmkli^ultt- 
mortngjmifufingjOr putting gulleries of fomc orother, till they haue made tiamwdere ti~ 
by their humoring and gulling, *cx fiulto infanum : and all to make them- Tr^nmb 

felues merry: 1 dummodo rifum * hot. StrMi 

Exeutiat fibi y no a hie cuiquam parcet amico, Sat -*' 
Friendsjneuters^nemies, all are as one, to make a foolc a mad-rhan is thefr 
fport^and they haue no greater felicity then to fcoffc and deride othersjthey 
m uft facrifice to the god oflaughtcrj with them in 1 Apuleius,oncc a day,6r j . ^ ' 
els they fhall be melancholy themfelucs^hey care not how they grinde and 
inifufe othcrs,fo they may exhilarate their owne perfems. Leo Decimusythat 
fcoftingJ^f ,3$ lovius hath regiftred in the 4-booke of his lifc5 tooke an ex- 
traordinary delight in humoring of filly fcllowes , and to put gulleries vpon m L*udmdo,& 
them, m by commending feme, perfwading ethers to this or that \ he made ex * a ^* m 
flolidu ftulttfiimossfjr maxime ridiculos^ ex ftultisinfanos 5 hee made fbft fel- 
lowcs,ftarke noddies ; and fuch as were foolifh, quite madde before he left 
them. One memorable example he recites there, of T irafcemtu of Parma a 
Mufitian, that was fo honoured by Leo Dtcimm, zndBibiena his fecondin 
thatbufineffc/thathcthoughthimfelfetobeaman of moft excellent skill, 
(who was indeed a ninny ) they n made him fet foolifh fongs, and invent new n£t v f?ti*fi* 
ridiculous precepts % wh;cb they did highly commend, as to tye his armc that TeS^'X. 
plaid ontheLute,to make him ftrike a jfweeter ftroke, andtopuUdowiiethe dpida, quadm 
Arrets hangings, becaufe the voice would be clearer £y reifon of the reverberati- fff" 
on of the walLln like manner they perfwaded one RarabaHius of Cateta , that m &c 
he was as good a Poet as Petrarch, and would haue him to be made a Lau- Vt VBCes 
reat Poet,and invite all his friends to his inftallment;and had fo poflefled the $"^? s « 
poore man- wish a conceiptofhis excellent Poetry , that when fomc of his «utius refit- 
more difcreet friends told him of his folly.he was very angry with tnern.and J*v , ... 
laid, P they envied hu honour and prosperity: Lt was itrange ( faith lovtw ) to & gloria fu* 
fee an old man of 60 yearcs, a venerable and graueold man, fo gulled. But Mfoww'**- 
what cannot fuch fcoffers doe,efpecia!ly if they finde a foftcreature,on who *' 
they may worke: nay to fay truth,who is fo wife 3 orfodifcrect 5 thai may not 
be humored in this kind,cfpecially iffbme excellent wits friall fet vpon him; 
he that maddes others,if he were fb humored 3 would be as mad himfclfe, as 
much grieued and tormented; he might cry with him in the Comedy, Prof) 
Jupiter, tu homo me adigts ad infaniam. For all is in thefe things as they arc 
taken; if he be a filly foule,and doc not is well, he may happily 
make others fport 5 and be no whit troubled himfclfe; but ifhc be apprehen- 
fiuc ofhis folly yind take it to hart^then it torments him worfe then any lafti: 

S a 

Part.i.Se&2. Cau/es of melancholy. Mcmb.4.Sub/.£ 

t j 4 a bitter jeft,a flandcr,a calumny 5 pierccth deeper then any lofle, dangcr,bodi- 
Jy painc s oriniury whatfocuer 5 cfpecially ifitftuUprocccdeirom;* virulcnc 
tooguejt cuts (faith David) like a two edged fword.And they [mote with thesr 
tonguss./eru^iS. and that fo hard, that they leaue an incurable wound be* 
hind them. Many men are vndone by this mcanes, moped, and fo dcie&ed, 
that they arc neuer to be recouered; and of all other men liuing,thofc which 
arc actually melancholy ,or inclined to it;arc moft fenfible (as being fufpici. 
ous jChollericke,and apt to miftake) and impatient of an iniury in that kinde, 
they aggravate^and fo meditate continually ofit, that it is a peipetuall cor- 
fiue, not to be remoucd, till time wcarcit out. Although they peradventure 
that fo Icoffe ,doe it alone in mirth and merriment,and hold \t>oftimum ahe* 
nk frui infahia, an excellent thing to inioy another mans madnes 5 yet they 

1 ».» d *<7*fj8. muft knoWjthat it is a mortall finne (as *l Thomas holdes)and as the Prophet 

7j \.Jnifio mr- r D^/^<Jenounceth, they that vfe/t } fba/l neuer dwell in Gods TabernAcl^. 

? Such feurrile iefts,flouts,and Sarcafmes therefore, ought not at all to bee 
vfedjefpecially to our bctters,to fuch as are in mifcry, or «*ny way diftrcfied: 

{ Baitbafar Ca- fot\o{wz\*rumn&rum increment a funt^ as f heperceiued. In multis pudor, 

aS *** muftis iracundia e^t .many are aihamed, many vexed, angrcd , and there 
is no greater caufe or furthcrcr of melancholy. Martin Cromerm in the fixi 
booke of his FLftory^ath a pretty ftory to this purpofc,of^/^//7*«a the fe- 
cond King of Poland^nd Peter Dunim Earle of Shrine ,they had beenehun. 
ting latc,and were enforced to lodge in a poore Cottage. When they went 
to bed } riadi/laus told the Earle in ieft, that his wife lay fofter with the Ab« 
bot oishrine-y he not able to containe,replicd 5 Et tua cum Dabejfo^nd yours 
with Dabe/fa^a. gallant yong Gentleman in the Court,whom Qhrifima the 
Queene loucd.T (tigit id dtcfum Principu tnimumjhek words of his fo gal« 
led the Princ c^that he was long after / r//?# ejr cogitabundm y very fad & mc» 
Jancholyformanymoneths*, but they were the Earles vtter vndoingjfor 
when Chriftina heard of it,fhe perfecuted him to death. For that reafon, all 
thofe that otherwife approue of iefts in fome cafes,will by no mcanes admit 
them in their companies, that are any way inclined to this malady ; nonio- 
canduweumijsquimiferifunty & arumnop^ noieftmg with adifcontcnted 

* T>e femmt pcrfon. 'lis Caflilios caveat, c IoJontantu^ and u Galatens % and cucry good 
mans. Play with me, but hurt me not: 

tm. leftwthme^butjbamemenot. 

Comitas is a vertuc betwixt Rufiicity and Scurrility ,two Extrcames, as Affa- 
bility is betwixt Flattery and Contention^ muft not exceedc , but be ftill ac- 

t TMSyTufc. copanied with that t £/2\&0h* or innocency, qua nemtninocet \pmnem iniuria 
eblationem abhorrens 3 hurts no man, : abhorrcs all offer of iniury. Though a 
man be liable to fuch a jeft,or obloquy,hauc bcene oucrfecnc,or committed 
an offence; yet it is no good manners or humanity ,to vpbraid,to hit him in 
the teeth with his offence^or to feoff e at fuch a one 5 thofe icftsfas he x faith) 
mumnn^i dre no better then /V*/*r/«,by ting ieftsjnordentes & acnleati, they are poyfo- 

eJ^Slff nediefts,leaucaftingbehinathcm 5 andoughtnottobevfed. 
y Pibranckc 1 Set not thy foot to make the blinde to fall 

toS^ Nor * U f» H yoffendthy weaker brother: 

Nor wound the dead with thy tongues bitter gaB i 
Neither reioyce thou in the faH of other. 


Part.i. Scd.2. Lope of liberty >fermtude,<urc. Memb.4.Subf 

If thefe rules could be kept, we (hould haue much more eafe and quictneile 13 $ 
then we hauc,leflc melancholy.- whereas on the contrary, we ftudy to ffiiG 
ufc each other, hovv to fting and gauleilikeiwo fighting bores, bending all th y mU 
our force and wit> friends, fortuneSj to crucify t one anothcrsfoules ; by jnffJJuate* 
meanesofwhich.there is little content and charity, much viiulcncy, hatred, &dtthmt)£" ' 
malice^nd difquietnefle amongft vs. SffiK 

nil '.>■•- ;ii 4 Stbsbc* 5. $ 

jtri\w^.^«ii^i»T m nsmoW aroiff* u woK CyisfiiMfJo a^cd lj& 3 miliar// 
tf/* liberty Servitude ^ mpripmmcntjjw they 
caufcj melancholy. 

TO this Catalogue of caufes, I may well annexe loflc of liberty, fcrvi° 
tudc,or impriionment.which to fome perfons is as great a torture as 
any of the rcft.Though they haue all things convenient, fumptuous 
houfes to their vfe,fairc walkes and gardens, delicious bowrcs, galleries^ 
good fare and diet,& all things correfpondent.* yet they arc not content,be- 
cauie they arc confined 3 may not come &goc at their pleafure; haue, and do : 
what they w:ll,but Line y alierta quadrant another mans command. As it is ^f^**f 
» inmeates,fo is it in all other things, places ,focietics,fport«, let them be ne« quadra. iuv. 
|ierfo pleafant,commodious 5 wholefome,fo good; yet omnium rer urn eft fa* 
tietasy there is a loathing fiticty of all things. The children of lfraelt were y£ m 
tired with Manna , it is irkfome to them fo to line , as to a bird in a eage,or p>*«i. 
a dog in his kennel I,they are vve3ry of it.They are happy^it is tf ue,& haue all 
things to another mans judgment, that heart can wi(h, or that they thenv 
•fclues ttndcC\rc,6ona ft fna nbrint-. yet they loath vl$l are tired with the pre- 
•ient : Eft natura hominum mvitatis avid* , mans nature is ftill defirous of 
jicwcs, variety, delights; & our wandring affections arc fo irregular in this 
kinde y that they muft change^hough ir be to the worft. Bachelors mud bee 
married,and married men would be Bachelors; they doe notloue their own 
wiues,though otherwifc faire,wife,vcrtuous,& Well qualified,bccaufc they 
arc theirs: our prcfent cftate is ftill the worft, we cannot endure one eourfe 
of life long,^ quodmodo voverat edit t onc calling long^effein honoreiu,vat y 
mox dtjplicet',ox\c place long, a Rom* Tybur amo ventofm^Tybure Romam y a 
that which we carncftly ibught,we now contcmnc.Hoc quo/dam agit ad mor- 
tem ffaich b Seneca ) quod ' frofofitafafe mutando in eadem revohuntur T ejr b UtTm^SU 
non relinquunt novitati locmnjtajlidio co-f it ejfe vita^ ejr ipfus mundm,& fu- mm *' 
btt iUnd raftdipmarum dehciarum^ Quouffycadem} This alone kils many 
.1 man,that they are tyed to the fame ftill, as a horfc in a mill, a dogge in a 
wheele,thcy run round,without alicration or newes, thek life grovves odi- 
ous, the world loathfomC} and that which crofleth their furious delights^ 
what? ftill the fame? CMnrcas AureliwU. Salomon, \\\3x\ii& experience of all 
worldly delights & pleafure, confeifed as much of thcmfelues, that what 
thev moft dcfiredjwas tedious at laft, and that their lull could neuer be fa*- 
tisfied,all was vanity and affliction of mindc. 

Now if ir be death it felfe, another Hell, to be glutttcd with one kinde of 
fportjdictcd with one diflh, tyed to one place; though they haue all things 
otherwifc as they can defire, andarcinHeaucn to another mans opinion, 

S % what 

Paru.Se<ft.2. Caujes of Melancholy. Mcmb.4. Subf.c, 

\$6 what mifcry and difcontcnt lhaJJ they haue } that liuc in flaueiy, or in prifon 
it CelkiQuod trtflitts morte in fervitute vtvendum, as Hermolaus told^je. 
<Lib.2. ander in c C«r/7#*,worfc then death is bondage.** Eautdem ego isfum fluifcr. 
*BotemU.i. v it utem extrcmum omnium malorumeffc arbitror: lam he (faith d £oteruiJ 
t<M.c9f4. tnataccom p 5 fcrvitude,the extremity of mifcry. And what mifcry doe they 
cndurc,thatliuc vnder thofc hard task mailers, ingold-mincs, tinne-mines, 
lcad-mincs,ftone-quarrics,cole-pits,likc fo many mouldewarps vnder groud, 
condemned to the gallics,to perpctuall drudgery ,hungcr,thirft, and hripes, 
without all hope of deliucry? How arc thofe women in Turkie arfedted,thac 
moftpartofthcyeare come not abroad; thofe Italian and SpamfhDzmcs, 
that arc mewed vp like Hawkes,and Iockt vp by their jealous hutbandsftow 
tedious is it to them that Hue in Stoues & Caucs halfc a yeare together; as 
« if Acre be * n IfandMufcovy pt vnder the c Pole it ftlfc, where they hauc fix moneths 
any inhabi- perpctuall night.Nay,what mifery & difcontcnt doc they cndure 3 that arc in 
tarns. pnfon?they want all thofe fix non naturall things at once, good aire, good 
diet,exerrife 3 company,fleepc,reft 5 eafc &c. that arc bound in chaines all day 
f m i*xan. long/uffer hungcr,and (as ( Luc/an defcribes it ) mufl abide that filthy fluke, 
^trnvwim andratlingofchatnes i hovplings,fitifidlout'Cryes t that pr if oners vj ually m&kti 
e#, & manm thefe things are not onely troublefcme^ but intole rable^* TheyJyc naftily a* 
"rimum^or mon S^ toc ^ cs & fr°g s in 3 darke dungeon,in their ownedurg,m painc ofbo» 
fmvmeitw t ad dy,in painc of fbule,as did. PjaLi o;,i 8. they hurt his feet in theflodes, 
bMmferiMa- the iron entred hufoule^.lhcy Iiucfolttary,alone,fcqueftred from all com. 
fi^Tiirepitia P*ny, but heart eating melancholy; and for want of meate_, mufteate that 
bread of affliction, prey vponthcmfelues. Well might § ^rculanm put 
ni breviras, b*c i on g imprifonmcnt for a caufe,efpccially to fuch as hauc liued jovially ,in all 
Tt^& inZu- fcnfua!ity & luft , and vpon a fudden are cftranged and debarred from all ma. 
rabiiia. ncr of pleafures: as Were Huniades^nd Richard thefecond, Valerian the Em. 
* in f.Rhafi. p er0 ur,54M^ the T vrkc. If it be irkfome to miffe our ordinary companies 
& rcpaft for once or an houre,what fha! it be to lofc them for euct?Ifir be fo 
great a delight to Hue at liberty,& to inioy that variety of objects the world 
affords;what mifcry & difcontcnt muft it needs bring to him/hat (nail now 
be caft headlong into that S/4»/fJbJnquifiti6,to fallfrom Hcauen to Hcll,to 
be cubbed vp vpon a fudden, how (hall he be perplexed? what (hall become 
*WiiHam the °f him ? ^Robert Duke of Normandy, being imprifoned by his eldeft brother 
dd 0n (?ioime Hfnn tnC ^ rft> * h * ieincon f olAif 'li dolorein ear cere contabttit y faith Ma- 
%duiiRmm thevo ^ ro > m that da Y forward,pincd away with gic£c jt/ngurth that ge« 
triumpho fo ncrous Captaine/mg^f to Rome in triumph and after impnfoned, through 
ilmefemL °1 %u (o^and melancholy ,died. 'Roger ,Bifoopof ^/^r/jthefe. 
ieftwmmifo cond man from King Stephen, (he that built that famous Caftle oiDeuifes in 
?*c£& w rtblterejwto fo tortured in prifon with hunger, and all thofc calamities ae- 
Mtfb mirerum companying fuch men , W vivere nolucritjnori nefcierit ,hc would not liuc, 
fentmitafam & could not dye,betwixt fcare ofdeach,& torments of life. Francis King of 
tltZZ ^.wastakcnprifoncrbyCW«Mf 5 ib, ad mortem fere melancholia, 
fiegit met mr- faun G»icctardine y melancholy almoft to death } and that in an inftant But 
%»!!Zenta ffiis is * s cIearc as « h cSun^ndnecdcsnofaithaillu(lration. 

SVBS. 0. Toucrtj and want, caujes. 



S T B S 1 Ci 6 . 

Poverty and tvant^eaufes of Melancholy. 

POvcrty and Warfare fo violent oppugners, fo vnwelcome guefts,fo 
mucb abhorred of all men, that I may not omit to fpeake of them a- 
part. Poverty although ( if confidcred aright to a wife, vndciflan- 
dingjtrucly regencrate,and contented man ) it be do win Dce,a blcfled eftare, 
the way to Hcaucn,as m chryfoftome calls it,Gods gifr,the mother of mode- ™ J^ w « 
fty,& much to be preferred before riches fas fhall bee fhewed in his n place ) nJ"; riiJWiJ 
etasitiscfteemcdinthe vvorldscenfure/tisa moft odious calling, vile & Mtmb.%. 
ale,a feverc torture,a moft intolerable burthen, we fhunne it all, sanepe- ^ff^lf^ 
iu4 & anguc~>>wc abhorre the name of ir, p H en< »adm 

\Paupert(tsfugitur y totc^arsejtiturorb(Lji formtdawm. 
as being the fountaine of all other miferics,carcs,woes, labours, & grevgn- ^ Lnclnitku 
ces whatfoeuer.To avoide whicb,wc will take any paincs, — extremes cur- 
rit mercator ad Indos .W r e will leaucno haue,no coaft^io creek of the world 
Vnlearched, though it be to the hazard of our liues, we will diue to the bot- 
tome of the Sca,to the bowels of the earth ^ fiue,fixe,feuen,cight, nine hun- t A * fl- 
dred fathom e deep , through all fiue Zoncs,and both extreamcs of heat and "J^'"*^ 
cold: we will turne Parafitcs and fl mes, promtute our felues , fweare & lye, mmyjm* m+ 
damncourbodiesandfoulcs,forfakeGod, abjure Religion^ fteale,rob,mur- tl ^ m ' 
der,rather then endure this vnfufferableyoke of Poverty , which doth fo ty- 
rannizcjcrucify,and generally depreflc vs. „ ^ 

For, looke into the world, and you (hall fee men generally erteemed ae« j Tam^'dlk 
cording to their meanes ; and happy, as they are rich: * Vbi^tanti quify mhmmfhh 
quantum habuitfuit. In the vulgar opinion, if a man be wealthy ,no matter J^^j^ J! 4 
how he gets it,of what parentage,how qualified, how vertuoufly endowed, tufa wet m- 
or villanoufly inclined; let himbcabawde,agripe,an vfurer,a villaine,aPa- tum - . . 
gan,aBarbanan,a wretch, t Lue/ans tyrant, on whom you may looke with lejfe m^uJJcma 
fecurttyfhen on the Sunne: fo that he be rich (and liberall WithallJ he fhall be decu*jivtna y 
honourcd,admired,adored,reverenced > & highly P magnified.Tfc r/V&& had 
in reputation becaufe of his good) } ./ /.He fhal be befriended: for riches patent. Hor s&i 
gather many friends Prov. 1 9.4. - -v ultos numerabit amicos jk\\ q happincfle 
tbbes and flowes with his mony, he fhall bee accompted a gratious Lt-rd.a ^ft^ja^- 
A/^»^,abenefa<5tor,a wife, difcrect, a proper, a valiant man, a' fortunate «« etimrex. 
inan,of a gen srous (pirit.Puttus lovit & galL<n<t filiu4alb<e: a hopcful,a good f e ' t <! ^ :dv6 ' 
man,a vcrtuous, honeft man.Quando ego te funoniupuerum^rjrmatris partum <? *Et & 
•vcre aurenmj& T T u/h faid of OBavianut^ while hec was adopted Ctfarfc an fa*** rc i mi 
1 heirc apparent of fo great a Monarchy,He was a golden child. All c honor, Cy fdd« 
offices, applaufc, grand titlcs,and turgent Epithets arc put vpon him, omnes Spirits, cou- 
tmnia bona dicere} all mens eyes are vpon him,God blcflc his good worl "hip, ^^ft^lt^J 
his honor; u cuery man fpeakes well ofhim 5 eucry man prefents him,feeks & jttkum. 
files to him forhisloue, fauour and protection, tofcruehim, belongvnto ^° ft u c r r y *^ e 
him,eucry man rifcth to him^s to Themipdes in the Olympicks ,if he fpeafc, ^aS/gen! 


Weflt htm,an<JhopefolH why?hcis hcirc apparent to the right worfliipfull, totheright honorablc,&c. « 0nmmi 6 
*mmi; wbiibwKfMflat bttmtm. u Exmdefuterc tmormtt dicmm^t quifyfartunm htbttflaKtw Pfeud. 

Part. i.Seft 2. Caufes of Melancholy. Memh.4. Sub£6. 

138 as oilterod^ox Dei, non hominis, the voyce of God 3 and not of man. All the 
M«m foitu- graces, Veneres 3 pleafures. elegances attend him 3 * golden Fottuncaccom- 
ZbSlZni P anies and lodgcth with him ; and astothofc&w^Emperours^ is pi*. 

ccd in his chamber, X Secura navzget aura r \ 

^Miomni 11 * Fortunxm^fuo te?nperet arbitrto: 

j petrol, he may faile as he will hinifclfc, & temper his eftate at his pleafure, lovialf 
dayes/plendor & magnificence,fwect Mufick, dainty fare, the good things^ 
& fet of the land.fine clothes,rich attires /oft beds , down pillowes are at hit 
command, all the World labours for him, thoulands of Artificers are his: 
lllTldftrent ^ aucs 3 to dradge f° r him,t unnc, ride & poaft'for him: -j. Diuines, Lawyers, 1 
jwtyerki 'plot- Phy{itians,Philofophcrs 3 Schollers,are his 5 wholly deuote to his feruicc. : 
niojiis, ntmti Euefy man feekes his z acquaintance; his kinred,to match with him,though. 
rSfartifels, be bc an au k> 3 ninn Y^ monfter,a gobfccap,s»rwY7» ducat Davaen,when,& ' 
&:. * whom he will, huncoptant gcnerumRcx & Regina, — hee is an excellent 
hvtmmul™ * matcn ^ or m y f° niie 5 m y daughterly neece cVc: Quicquidcalcaverit hie, 
team \ueii*. *<>fi fietj&t him goe whither he will,Trumpets fourid,Bells ring &c.all hap. | 
\Dmmodo fit pinefle attends him,euery man is willing to entertaine him, hemps in 
tu7piltt b . Jm ' P°^° wherefocuer he comes j what preparation is made for his c entertainc-, 
* pint, in lh- ment? fifh and fowle,fpices & perfumes, all thatfea & land affords. What 
Aambc/fo 1 cao ^ er y3 m3s ^ n g!> m * rtri to exhilarate his perfon ? 
called. d D * Trebio^ pone ad T rebium , vkfrater ah itlis 

m£ U pMe Must Whatdifli will your good worfhip eat of? 

«» tu n», Sat.f. ^ — ^ t fakh pomi, 
^HtrjSat.u.% Et quofcun^feret ctdtustibt ' fun dm honor es , 

i^dtntt Ltirem guflet,venerabtlior Lare dmes. 
Sweet apples 3 and what ere thy fieldes afford, 
Before thy gods he feru'djer feme thy Lord. 
What fport will your honour haue ? hawking , hunting , fifhing, fowling, 
bulks, beares, caids 3 dice, cockes, players, tumblers, fidlcrs, jefters &c; they, 
are at your good worfhipscommand.Faire houfes, gardens, orchards 3 gal- 
TurclTL lerics ^ lear antwalkes 3 delightfome places, they are at hand, c tn aureuUc, 
dtnbxcb. ^ vtnum in argenteis ? adolefcentuU aA nutum ^/*/i 3 winc,wenches &c.a Tur 
tEupbomio. ^Paradifc,Heaucn vpo earth. And though he be a filly foftfellow,&: fcarcc* 
'hSSSSi hzi ] C comm6n fcnfc > y et if he bc b °me to fortunes (as I haue faid) * iurth* 
mm : lofty reditariofspere iubeturjnc muft haue honor & office in his courfe.iV«w mfi 
mSarmcs' f^es honore dignus.^tmbrof 2 .offic.z i .now fo worthy as himfelfc: He lbal 
all rich men ' " auc lt > a '£ e fl° qtticquid Seruitu aut Lakeo: get mony enough, & command 
couSr $> t Kin gdomcs,Pfovinccs,Armics,Hcarts,Hands,and Affedionsj thou (halt 
&c - ■ haiiePopes^atriarkestobethyChaplinsjthoufhalthaue (T*mberlin-Xki) 
t mmm-'A ait Km^s to draw thy Coach, Queenestobethy Landrcfles, Emperours thy 
SS£ foozles, build more townes and Citties then great Alexander, bM 
t owtcyyramides and Maufolean Tombes &c.command Heauen & earth, 
and *e World/tis thy ^W^uroemttur dtadema, ar.entoccelump^ 
T£ZZ " r > conduct , nummos tut cogit, obuL Uter*tum ? ^ 

samewnimr ™taQumfamUtem conciliates amicos ctglutinat.h is not with vs, as amoeft 

\ h °%f Scnat ^ S ° f ^^in Plutarch, hee preferred tha?d*. 

Wosroi,^ J e / ved b r e h* nA f f ™°Jl vertuous and worthy of the pUce , h not or 
m &> pengthsrwdthsr friends carried it in thofidayes^ buitnter optiwes *ptf 

muf } 

Part i.Sc&2. Poverty and want. Memb. 4. SubCtf 

mus, inter temper antes tcmperantifiimusjfoz moft temperate and b:ft.Wee 1 39 
hauc no ArtHocrajie but in contemplation , all Oligarchies , wherein a fe wc 
rich men domincerc, and doe what they lift 3 and are priuiledged by their 
gtcatnefle. » They may freely trefpafle,and doc what they pleafe , no man & 
dare accufc thcm a no not fb much as mutter againft them, there is no notice hetli6tU 
taken of it,thcy may fccurcly doe it,liue after their ownc lawes 5 and for their 
money ,getPardons,Indulgenccs ; redeeme their foulcs from Purgatory and 
Wz\\claufumpofridet area lovem. Let them be Epicures, or ^Atheifrs^ Liber* 
tines } MachiaviltanS } (as often they are,) 

* Et quamvis periurus erijt jine gent e^cruent 'us, they may goc to * Her.Sat.yl.% 
heauen through the eye of a neex!le,if they will themfelues,they may be ca» 
nonized for Saints,they (hall be k honorably interred in Maufolean tombes, * ciim ****** 
commended by Poets, regiftred in Hiftorics,haue Temples, and ilatues ere- Zl&lvtlT* 
tied to their names,-; man/bus iliisNafcentur viola-M he be boutifull in his Pauperis ad ft. 
life,and liberall at his dcath 3 he (hall haue one to fweare,as he did by Claucii- J^** ;f s " 
*/ the Emperour in Tacitus, ,hc faw his foulc goe to heauen, and bee mifera« 
bly lamented at his funerall. Ambubaiarumcodegia,ejrc* T rimalcionis Topan- 
ta in pct/oniui recJa w caelum abut , went right to Heauen : a bafe queane, 
1 th«u wouldfi haue f corned m thy mijery to haue a penny from her, and why > ' f^. m o fj£* 
t*o ho xtmmcs mets/tfiicmczfatcd her money by thebufhell. Tbefeprero- 
gatiues doe not vfually belong; to rich mcn.buttofuchasaremoft partfee- miuifladema- 
ming rich s l«l himhaucbut a good »outfide a he carries ir,ard (hallbeeado* ™™™ n,mos 
redfov aGod,as-f Cyrus W2tS3moT)g(ithcPerJians,obfr!endtdu»i apparatus , m Hce' that 
for ht6 gay tyres; newmoftmenarecfteemed according to their cloathes. J^""^' 
Jn our gnllil^timeSjhimjWhomyouperaduenttirein mcdefty would giue andgold'ac^' 
place to 5 as being deceaued by his habit, &prcfuming him fome great wor- ir.uftneedsbc 
(hipfuil man,beleeue it^if you (hall examine his eftate, he will likely be pro* * xcvophmc]'. 
ved aferuingmanofno great note 3 my Ladies Taylcr 5 or his Lordfhips Bar- riptdM. 
her 5 or fome fuch gull,a Fafiidius Bruke^ aS r Petronell Flafhe, a mcere out- 
fide. Only this refpeft is guien him, and whercfoeuer hccomcs 3 hc may call efifSial 
for what he wi'l,and take place,by rcafon of his outward habir. noiuvcn. 

But onthecontrary,ifhebepoore,Pra/./ s*i s-Mudayes aremiferable, - . 

he is vnder hatches 3 deie<5ted,reiec1:ed and forfaken, poorc in purfe 3 poore in ftndm &in- 
fpirit. sprout res nobu fruit, tta & animus fehabet. Though hee bee honeft, <% rf fceUfiuj* 
Wifc,learned,wcll deferuing.noble by birth 3 and of excellent good parts: yet fil« m m a ™*\ 
in that he is poore 5 he is contemned, neglected. Fruflra fapit, inter liter as e- ? nullum um 
furit, amicus moleftuS. *Ifheefleakc what babler is this} Ecclus . his nobility J^^'J- 
without wealth,is ° protettavtlior algafxA he noteftccmcd:Nosvilespuffi qmdnoniuben- 
natt inf cltctbus ouisjt once poore,wc arc metamorphofed in an inftant,bafc **- 
flaues.and viiedtudgcs, tfortobepoorcistobeaknaue,afoole,awreteb,a % a * m Vlll &' 
wicked fellow,a common eycfore,fay poorc and fay all : they are borne to * piautm. 
labour,to mifery,to carry burdens,likejumenrs,///?«w^rmrow^rtf with ^jf"^ 
Vlyffes cotnpanions,and as chremilus obiectcd in Arifrophanes , t falem lin- non vtb'ene w- 
gerejiax falt,to cm pty jakes , fay channels, pcarry out durt and dunghills, v f t: ff b ^' 
fwecpe chiinnies,rub horfc hcelcs,&c. they are vgly to behold, and though ^wi/a*. 
ear ft fpruce,now rully and fqualid, becaufi poore3 * mmundas frortunas a- iMunjierdeyu- 
quum eft (qualorem fequi,\\s ordinarily fo. q Others eat to Hue, but they hue to f^f™™ 
drudge J fervtlts & mifer^gens nihil recuftre audet,a fervile generation that h ' 



Parci. Sed.2. Gmfes of Melancholy. Memb.4.Subf 6* 

140 darerefufe no taske, — ? HettstuDromo sapehocflabelkm^ventulum 

* Ter. Eumch. hincfacito dam Ummm. Sirrah blowc winde vpon vs whilft we waffo they 

* Pup* panes arc f 00t ft 00 i es f or r j c h men to tread on ,bbckesfor them to get on horfe. 
matt* commit- backei, or as r waffs for them to pijje on. They arc commonly lucn people, 

S 1 cap vit rude/illy ,fuperftitious Wiots^nalty^ncleanejlovvfy^oorc^deicdedjflauiih. 
t r Dtoi amies ly humble: and as Zf ^/£r obferues of the commonalty of Afrkke y natara 
ilia mfenfos di- z >iliores funtjiec apudjisos duces mtiore in prtcio quam ft canes ejfent : t bafe 
mfij^fS, by naturc.and no moreeftecmed thcndo^cs } m/fcram^labor/o/km } calami 
totafihe main tofamvitam a^unt^ejr i^ope^inftlicem/udiores ajinu^vt e brut is plane natos 
a ^T'*'*crT no lcarning,no knowledge, no civility, fcarce common fenfe, naughc 
IjiabL splendor but baibariftnc amongft theni J? e//ui no more z>ivunt y ne£ calceos geftant x ney, 
ratmitcmor- vejies ^ikcxoagpzs and vagabonds they goe barefooted and barelegged 3 lea'. 
Twibit omiito ding a laborious,miferablc,wrctched, vnhappy life, like heap and iuments, 
mciMMvum if notveorfc: their difcourfeis {ctirrility^heiry/zw^/^^y^^^potofAle, 
fSkSk- ^ nere * s not an y fl auci 7 which they will not vndergoc. Inter illos plerig, l«. 
meittam te'rU. trinas evacuant^ alij culinariam cur ant y altj slabularics agtmt , & id genus fu 
ten Afer. rnilia exercent^cAiVe thofe people that dwcl in the x Alpsjhymny frveepers 
Hduetid. Qui l**csj rrmers t aurt -daubei s ;vagrant rogues , they labour hard 3 and yet can* 
Habitant inca- not get clothes to put on,or bread to eat* For what can pouerty giueelfc, 
Vmrnktom^ but ^eggcry/ulfomcnaftinelfeifqualor.contcmpt, drudgery, labour, vgli! 
ofceiti volte ne(Fe,hnnger and thhft.-pedt cuter nm & pulkum numerum ? as y hee well tol* 
culinrumfabri, Jowed it in Aristophanes fezs and Yicc^pro pattio vefiem Lceram,& fro pvltth 
f ge7I^Mum *? ri Ibidem bene magnum ad caput , ragges for his rayment, and a ftonc for 
genxibommiM, his pillowc, Pro cathedra ruptt caput vm£ 3 \iQ {fits in a broken pitcher, or on 
^cJmnUvi- a ^ ocke * or 2 cnaire ^ malm ramos propanihtis come'ditfrt drinkes water, & 
(turn pmt. KweSs on wort leaucs,pnlfe 7 like a hogge,or feraps like a dogge, vt nunc noVu 

1 1 wnce not v ip 4 affkitur Muis non putabit infaniam effe,mfalicitate?na,^sCremuhn con' 
this any waies i.j i-r t- J §• i "• • •** .. 

tovpbraideor eludes his lpecch,as Wepoore men hue nowadaies, who will not takeour 
fcoffc as , or life to be * infehcrt'y a mifcry 5 and madnelFe. If they be of little better condhi- 
Senfb P rra! on then *°f c hungcr-ftarucd beggers , wandering rogues, thofe ordinary 
tha/to con- flaues ? and day labouring drudges yet they arc commonly fo preyed vpon 
i°e C m a byc P x ty b yP olin g° fficcrsfor breaking Lawes, bythcir tyrannizing land-lords, fo 
preflfmg,&c. fleadand fleeced by perpetual! ^cxadions, that though they doe drudge & 
> cbremu'm fare hard, and ftarue their Genius , they cannot hue in fome c countries- but 

^4^1- wh " l H hauc is inftantl y takcn from thcm > ^e very care they take to hue 
rm onm mife- to bedrudges,to maintainc their poorc families r their trouble and anxiety 
tf'twyt^ir^ weary of their lines; when 

cohmbau they haue taken all pamcs, and doc their vtmoft and honcftindeauours if 
lTt?T * c y b t cca /{ bchind tyficlaicflc, orouertakenwithyearcs, no manpitties 

mkntxomni- w • dittrcllcdjto begge,fteale,murmurcand^ rebclI,orelfc ftarue Thefcarc 

f^ hl ; mir «y^peiicdthofe^id^^^ Menenius Artm ^ 

TeZTJ go vern their gouernours: outlawes and rebels in mod placcf to take 
c scaniia^i. vp feditious armes and m all ages hath eaufed vproares, murmuring fediti- 

L M Ss in mon " Wealth ^ Cud § in 85 re P lnin ^ complaining, difcontent in cuery priuatc 

Ipcakes of certaine Indians inPrancc,that being asked how tfeev liked tK^ r™,„. j j t 


Pare, i , Se&.z. Vonerty and want. Memb.4. Subf.6« 

family, becaufe they want meanes, to liuc according to their callings, to 141 
bring vp their children,it breakes their hearts,they cannot do as they would. 
No greater mifcry then for a Lord to haue a Knights liuing, a Gentleman a 
Yeomans^ot to be able to line as his birth and place requires. Poucrty and 
want arc generally corfiues to all kindc of men , efpecially to fuch as haue 
bceneingoodandfloiirifhingeftate, and are fuddenly diftrefled, c nobly e Augu^m- 
borne,libcrally brought vp, and by fomc diftaftcr & cafualty, miferably de- S^JgJ 
ie&ed.For the reft,as they haue bale fortunes, fo haue they bafc mindes co- 
refpondcntjthcyarenotfo throughly touched with it, 

^ngnfl as animus dngufto inpetforeverfant. 
Yea that which h no fmall caufc of their torments, rf once they come to be 
poorc, they ace for fa ken of their friends, moft part neglected, and left vnto 
themfclues. T empora fifuerint nubila folus eris , left cold and comfortlcfle, 
nudusadamijftsibit amicus opes^W fly from him as from a rotten wall,now 
ready to fall on their heads, Prov. 19.-4* Poverty federates them from their 
* neighbours. 

t Dum fort una fauet pultttm fefvatU amiti, chough he be 

Cum cecidttfwpi vertitis or a fuga. IhtTi/ no 

Whil'ft fortune fauor'd, friends , you fmil'd on me, ^PamiJ!° 

But when fhe fled ,a friend I could not fee. 
Which is worfe yet, if he be poorc S every man comemnts him, infults o- Woneflquido- 
ver himjOpprefTeth him,aggravatcshis mifcry. K28& 
1 Ouum cap it qua [pit a domtit fttbjiderc ^partes i u rant fe homi- 

fh proclinatas omnc recumbit onus . J'J m ^ , no ^ 

When once the tottering hoiife begins to (hriiuke 3 Vl jn Uj 

Thither comes a!! the waight by anfnftincl:. 
Nay they are odious to their owne brcthreiv,and dearcft friends , Prov.fp.-, 
his brethren h*te htm if be be poor e. *omne$ vicini oderunt 3 his neighbours bati \ HoV. 
him.Pr'ov.Tjf.2 . k omnes me noti dc ignotl defer unt y as hce complained in the ^TtrMnucbus 
Gomcedy,friendsand ftrangcrs allforfake me. Which is moft grievous^po* ^J^y 
vcrty makes men ridiculous,/*// hdbet infatix pauperis durius infe , quam mimm pr*~ 
Cffted ridicules homines facit, they muft endure 1 fells, raunts, flour's, bio wes ^ff^^f* 
of their betters ,and take all in good part fo get a meales meat. m magnum "^Jiafiu^ 
ptnpcries opprobrium yittbet qutdvis ejrfacere ejr patt. He muft turne Parafitc, Sat i, 
jcfter/oolc 5 flaue,and drudge to gefapoore liuing, and be burfeted whenhe *%%jr X7 , 
h uh all doners Vlyffes was by MeLnthius n in Homeric reviled, and muft 
not fo much as mutter againft it. Hce muft turnerogue, villaine 5 for as the 
faymgiS)j\ 7 eceJs'i fas cogif ad turpi* ,poucrty alone makes mentheeues, rc- 
bels,murdercrs,traitors, affafinats, hecaufe of poverty nee haue finned, Ecc/ef, 
27.1. fwcare,and forfwearejbeare falfc witncfle,Iye,diiTembIe,any thing,as I 
fay,toadtiantagc themfelues , andtorelieuc their neceflltics . o culpd fee- p^£^-- 
lerify magifiraest , when aman is driuen to his fhifts 3 what witthc not do? iJpJu* ' * 
betray his fathcr,Prince,and country, turne Turke, forfake Religion, abjure 
God & a\:nuflatam horrendaproditio y quam iUi lucricaufa^ f faith P Leo Afer ) ; . • 
ferpetrare nolint * PUto therefore calls povcrty,tbeeuifbfacrilegiovs,ji/thy, 1 ^1$%^. 
wicked, & mifchieuousJU well he might. For it makes many an vpright man pertM/uniega, 
otherwifa.had he not beene in wanrto take bribes, to bee corrupt, to doc a*. ^^' ri *? s 

. . /- • j* fL Omnium tfilllC" 

gainft his confciencc,to lcli his tongiiCjheartjhandj&cto vfc indirect means rmtfiix. 

T to 

Part.i. Sed.2. Canfes of Melancholy. Memb.4.Subf 6i 

142 cohelpchisprcfent cftate. It makes Princes to exad vpon their fubie&s, 
great men tyrannize, Landlords opprefTe, luftices mercenary, Lawyers v u |, 
ters,Phyfitians Harpyes, friends importunate , tradefmenlyers, honeft men 
theeues,dcvout aflalinates , great men to proftitutc their wiues, daughters, 
and themfelues, middle fort to repine , commons to mutiny, all to grudge, 
murmur, andcompiaine. A great temptation to all mifchicfe, itcompells 
fome mifcrable wretches to counterfeit feucral difeafes,to diim ember make 
them feluesblinde,lame,to hau e a more plaufiblecaufc to beg,& loofe their 
limbs to recouer their prefent wants; lodocM Damboderiuv a Lawyer of Sm, 
gespraxi rerum trimind.ctf.j12. hath fome notable examples of fuchcou- 
terfeit Crancks,and every Village almoft will yeeld abundant teftimonics 
amongft vs,wc haue Y)u\x\xnvczis,Abrabam men, &c. and that which is Ac 
extent of mifery,it makes them through anguifh&wearifomneffc of their 
1 Ttkognti. uues » to makc awav themfelues. They had rather bee hanged ; drowned,&c. 

* Dipnofopbifi. then to liue without meanes. Millies q In m(tre c aiferumine te premat a/pera erettas 

tm$mW Defili & acelfis corrueCernetugu. 

mentecmjiarct) Much better 'tis to breake thy necke , 

qudmtamvte drowne thy felfe i'trfSea, 

&.trumnofivir. . / ■> 

m commmio' *hcn iufter irkiomepouerty. 

\?r£ f e p^.\l A5;W^ofold,asIfindeitregiftrcd in * i^/^//^,fuppjng in Pbidify 
ponB. in ^r/^^ and obferuing their hard fare/aid it was nomarucllifthe/,*^. 
Mat.KtaiM montan ^ wcrc valiant men; for his part he would rather runner vponafmrA 

expeait.mSinas t • > i ■ i r r r r i 1 jr 

lih.i.cap.i. point' and fo would any man tn his wtts Jthen Uue mtb (ucn baje diet, or lead jo 

* Vo% Komam wretched a life J In laponia 'tis a common thing to ftiflc their children if they 
^au&lmkl De poore, or to make an abort , which Arifiotle commends. In thatciuill 
ex?omis,nmc commonwealth of china.iht mother ftrangles her childc, if (he be not able 
ftran^iam vei tQ ^ . it vp,and had rather loofe it,then fell it,or haue it endure fuch mife- 

tnfaxum did:- b r> » » _ 

tis t &o. ry as poore men doe; Arnobius Lib .y .adverjui gentes , * Lactanttus ub,$j.$ t 

t comg.*. lib. obieel: as much to thole ancient Greekes and Romanes , they did expofetbtir 
ObemviaiTa children t0 "wzldheafls^ (It angle , orhjocke out their braines againft a flcnejft 
rentes fn qu am fuch cafes. If we may giuc credit to t Munfter^ amongft vs Chriftians in Li- 
&l£Z" dm tuini<l ^ t l voluntarily mancipate,and fellthemfelues^thcir wiues and chil- 
pd?iv)tei\a ' ^ ren ^ or A ai,es to lich men , to avoid hunger and beggcrys * many make a« 
tmtkw cms. way themfelues in this extremity, ^pitius the Roman, when hee caft vphis 
JefriJZTvd accounts > an d found but 100000 Crownes left, murdered himfelfe for fears 

Wabfrn perpef- 

he fhould be famiflied to death. P. Foreftus in his medicinalL obferuarions, 
ht*l aa \ & ^ atn two memorable examples,of two brothers of Lovainjtivt being defti- 
StamaZtt tllte OI ^meanes,bccame both melancholy ,& in a difcontented humour mat 
fibii-fermi. facred themfelues. Another of a merchant,learncd, wife otherwife and dif- 

* 'frgem pote^ creeCjlhat OL " of a deep apprchenfion he had of a loflc at Seas,would not be 
rm fitpera* ve- perfwaded but as u Ventidiui in the Poet,he fhould dye a begger. In a word 
tita-t per anes, this much I may coclude of poore mcn,that though they haue good * parts, 
•i* flS^ the y cannot A»cw,or make vfe of them: baud facile emergunt, quorum virtu- 
i»*vtomv.AL ttbus obslat res angufla komi\ the w if dome of the poore it dejpifed^andhis words 
Trtftnt are not neAr ^" Ecclcf.? fflSJt amittunt confilium in re ,as Gnat ho faid. 1 Sapi- 
•Umjktjte tnscrepidasfibi nunqum necfoleM fecit , a wife man never cobled (hoocs, 

Parti.Se<3.i. fPoucrty and want, caufes. Memb.if. Sub£6„ 

as he faid of old,but how doth he prone it ? I am furc wee finde it otherwife 143 
inourdayesj 3 pruinofis horretfacundiapannu. /ft^rhimfeifemuftbegge m 
if he wants mcanes,and as by report he lbmetimes did,£<* from doore to Lore \?^Ta^r 
and fing Ballads jvith a company of boy es about him. This common mifery of » Tcet.potenti. 
theirs muft needs diftrad, make them difcontent and melancholy, as com- ^ m ^" ^ 
monly they are 5 wayward,{Hll murmuring and repining, Ob inopummorofi qui/auipkbat, 
funt^uibus eft male ,zs Plutar chepotes out 6{ Euripides , arkhhat comicall c . anm 
Poet well feconds. ^ZZlZl 

c Omnes quwus res pnt minus jecuni* nejeto quomodo ebon. 

Sufb ttioftjtd contumcliam omnia accipiunt ma? it x 1 Ter.ja.4. 

Propter Juam impotent tarn (e credunt negligi. ht ^ % ' 

If they bee in adverfity , they are more fufpitious and apt tomiftakc; they 
thinke themfekies feorned by reafbn of their mifery : And therefore many 
generous fpirirs in fixh cafes 3 withdraw themfelues from all company. Ne- 
ther is it without caufe, for wee fee men commonly refpe&ed according to 
their meancs/* an diues fit omnes quarunt^nemo an bonus ) and vilified if they * Tw ¥^u . 
be in bad cloathes. d Pbolopoemen the orator was fet to cu t wood ^becaufe he ^* 
Was fo homely attired. e Terentius was placed at lower end oiceeilius table, ' ffci* 
becaufe of his homely outfide. f Dantes that famous Italian Poet , becaufe TGen *f' M nb - 
his clothes were but mcane 5 could not bee admitted to fit downe at a fcafr. 3 ' C ^* 2X * e ' a e 
Gnat ho fcorned h* old familiar ffiend, becaufe of his apparcll. g Hominem iTtt-.tunucb. 
video pannis^annifyobfttum 3 hie ego ilium contempfiprx me^ King Per fins o- AteJkm** 
vercomc^fent a letter to - * Paulusts£milius 'the Roman Generally Perfius P. * iivMc.9,1.% 
confuli.S* but he fcorned'him any anfwerc 3 tacite exprobrans fortunam fuam 
ffaith mine author)vpbraidirig him with his prcfent fortune, t Carclus Pug- f 
/f4A-,that great Duke of Burgundy 5 made H.Hol!and y late Duke of Exeter ex- 
jld.runne after his borfc like a lackey,and would take no notice of him: & 'tis h He tbathath 
the common fafhion of the world. That fuch men as arc poore , may iuftly ^Jf anm ™ 
be difcontent,melancholy,andcomplaine of their prcfent mifery,& all may J™ g no. 
pray with » Solomon \Giue me O Lord neither riches nor pouertySeedmee with thers # OMes 
foodconuentcnt forme. S/andt t 

tetter man. 

S 7 B S 1 Ci 7". " 

An heap e of other Occidents caufing melancholy , 
Death offiiendsjcjfes^&c. 

IN this Labyrinth of Accidcntall caufes , the farther I wander, the mors 
intricate I findethe pafTagc>w#/te ambages ,& ncWcaufes^as fo many by- 
paths,offcr themfelues to be difcufied: To fearch out all, I were an Hercu- 
lean workc,and fitter for ThtfttuA will follow mine intended thred^& point 
atonlyfomcfewofthcchiefeft. Amongft which, loffc and death of friends Death of 
may challenge a firft p\ace t multi triftantur^s f rives well obfcrues^/2 de- friends. 
licUs y tonvtvia % dtesfeflos, many are melancholy after fomefeaft , holiday, )^\tmml, 
merry mceting.or fome pleafing fport, fomc at the departure of friends on- 
ly ,whom they fhall fhortly fecagainc 3 weep andhowlc >and looke after the 
as a cow lo wes after hercalfc,or a childc takes on that goes to fchoole aftet 
bolidaies. MtntAnusconfil.zsz* makes mention of a country woman, that 

T 2 parting 

Part.i.Seft.2. */ Melancholy. Mcrnb^.Subf^, 

144 parting with her friends and natiuc place , became gricuoufly melancholy 
for many ycarcsj and TraUianus ofanother,focaufed for the abfenccofher 
husband. If parting offriends alone can workc fuch violent effects, what 
(hall death doe,when they muft eternally be feparated 3 neuer in this world 
to meet again? This is fo grieuous a torment for the time,that it takes away 
all appetite, defire of life,extingui{heth all delights, itcaufeth deepefighes 
andgroanes, teares, exclamations, howling, roaring, many bitter pangs 
*f4tg.ik?t. (* Umentti,gemitufr& faminh vlulatu Teda frement J and by frequent me- 
ditation extends fo farre fometi mes s k that they thinks they fee their dead 
w coram aflan- friends continually in their eyes fbferuantes imagines, as Conciliator confef. 
MatlumDo- fed he Taw his mothers ghoftprcfeming her felfeftill before him. Quodm. 
mtus. mis miferi volunt, hoc facile credunt, ftill, Ml, ftil, that good father, that 

good fonne,that good wife.that deare friend^ runnes in their mindes. torn 
vfiummvi. Animus hu vm coghatione defixus efij\\ the y earc long,as * Pliny complains 
tko*udio,dc- to Romanes -mi thtnkes I fee Virginius/ heare Virginius//^/^ with Virginia 
fiafomcogko, us,&c. They that arc moft (hied and patient, are fo furioufly carried head* 
Hm ° long by this paffion of forrow in this cafe , that brauc difcreet men many 
times forget themfelues,and weepelike children^many moneths together, 
as Rachel did,and will not be comforred.They are gone'.thcy are gone, 

Abftulit atra dies & funere mercit acerbo, What fhall i doc ? 
Qjiii dabit in lachrymas fontem mihi.quis fatit altos 
Accendet gemituSjdr acerbo verba dolor i ? 
Exhauritpietas oculos^ejr hi ami a frangit 
Peclora,nec plenos avido finit edere (juxjlus , 
Magna adeo iaclura premit* ejre. 
Fountaincs of teares who giues,who lends me groanes 
Deepe fighes fufficient to cxpreffc my moanes ? 
Mine eyes are dry,my breft in pceces torne, 
# My loffe fo great, I cannot enough™ ourne* 

So Stroza Filius that elegant Italian Poet in his Epicedi»m i bcwailes his fa 
thers death,he could moderate his paflions hi other matters ( as hee confef- 
ieth) but not in this 5 heyeelds wholly to forrow, 

Nunc fateor do terga malisjnens ilia fat ifcit, 
Indomitus quondam vigor & conflantia mentis. 
*?r*f4t.lib.6. How doth iQuintilian complainc for the lofle ofhis fbnne } to defpaireal- 
moft: and Cardan lament his only childc , in his booked librit prcpnj^ and 
elfewhcre in many other ofhis tradts. Alexander, a man of a m oft invinci- 
ble courage,after Epheftio-m Curtim relates, triduum iacuit admori< 
endumobpnatus, lay three dayes together vpon the ground 3 obftinatctody 
with him,and would neither eat.drinke^or fleepc: fo did Adrian the Empc 
rourbewailehis ^ntinous, Hercules, Hylas^Orphem, Eur idice h David, Afo- 
lon' y {0 my deere fonne Abfolon)\Juftin his mother Utfonica; Niobc her chil- 
dren, infomuch^hatthcmPoctsfaigned hertobec nirnedintoaftone, as 
n*.v*«m beingftupified through the extremity of griefc. * oEgcvrfgnofauhrifli 
conflernatusjnmare feprtcipitem dedtt, impatient of forrow for his fonncs 
Si <^h,drowncd himfelfe. Our late Phyfitians are ful of fuch examplcs.^*- 
mmm f * n M conJU.242^ had a patient troubled with this infirmity, by rcalon of 
wmtu net husbands death many ycarcs together: Trtncaveliuslib. /. cap. t 4 , hath 


Part.i.Se&.2. Other Madents and gwmnces. Memb^.Subl^ 

fuch another 3 almoft in defpaire after his mothers departure^/ fefirme pr&* 145 
cipitem daret^nd ready through diftra&ion to make away himfelfe: and in 
his 1 5 counfell,tells a ftory of onc,that was 50 yeares of age , that grew def. 
per ate vpon his mothers death-, and cured by Falopius , fell many yeares after 
into a relapfe,by the fudden death of a daughter which he had ,and could ne- p £x matrUob ; 
ver after be rtcouered. The fury of this p anion is fo violent fomerimcs, that ^miSdlt^ 
it daunts whole'kingdomes and citties. Vefpafians death was pittifully la- 
mented all oner the Roman Empire Jot us orbis lugebat, [r t th.Aurelius Vicior, 
Alexander commanded the battlements ofhoufes to bee pulled downe, 
Mules and Horfes to haue their manes fhorne off, and many common foul- 
diers to be flaine,to accompany his deare EpheBions death. Which is now 
practifed amon ft the Tartars , that when 9 a grear cham dieth , 1 o or 1 2 e - Matbiatk 
thouf3ndmuftbe{laine 5 menandhorfcsall they meet, and amongftthofe Mlch ° u -^tcr. 
T Pagan Indians xhc'w wiues and fernants voluntarily dye with them.Z,^ De- < u/pmoma- 
cimusvjzs fo much bewailed in Rome.zfrcv his departure, that as foviuv sjucs r,m.M.v iM 
out. communis Calm. pub hex hilarifas.xhtchrv.6n fafetv, all good frllovWhip. yenelmhb *- 
peacc 3 m.rtr 3 AC plenty died with imv./anquaeoaemjepuichro cum Leone con- eosqm in via 
dftatugcbantur-^xxx was a golden age whilft he liuedjbut after his deceafe oh ™\ <h*bent, 
an iron feafori facceeded, wars ,plagues, vaftity,, difcontent. WhcnAugu- domi^fJirT 
Jus cv/^r died,faith ? *ter cuius s orbis ruinam t/mueramus, we were all afraid, n&ferviteina- 
as if heauen had fallen vpon our heads. r Budtus records, how th3t at Lewes ^^fa" '* 
the rideathjdmjubtta mutatiovt qui prius digito cceluatttngere videbantur, mum™d\nt~ 
nunc humi dcrepenteferf ere ^fideratos effe diceres\ they that were crfl in hea- f !&c. 
ven , vpon a fudden .as if they had becne planet ftroken 3 lay groueling on the > ^ J*^ ' 
gro und. t Concurs cecidere animisjeu frondibus ingens m our earn *u. 

Svha dolet Upfis. they looked like cropt trees. r«rrfiaWa« 

* At Nancy in Loraine.when Claudia Valcfiajlenry the fecond Trench kinr s \ ■. (ahtm!mi 
fiftcr,ard the Dukes wife deccafed ^thc Temples for forty daies were all fruit vo \'Mtmabo^ Prayer s nor (Vtatfes.but in that roome where {he was. The Senaton s ^(jTvll^ 
all fecne in blacky fdfor a tmluenjonths /pace throughout the C/tty y they were femam patere- 
forbid to ftng or dance. How were we affected here in England for our Titus """'/ww, 
delitU huwant generis $>{\x\cz Henries immature death , as if allourdeareft ^ l^ 6 ^'^ 
friends liues had exhaled with his?In a word,as he u '&hhofEdwardtbejirftiM*?k 
at the newes of Edward o( Caernarvan his fonnes birth ; immortciliter gavi~ ^S?f ^ 
7«s,he was immortally glad; may wee fay on the contrary of friends deaths, nummegum 
immortaliter ^ementes.wc are many ofvs as fo many turtles } eternally dciec- K cantu tri ?*- 

^wthit. . 

There is another forrow , which arifeth from the loflTe of tempofall todfTmmi*. 
goods and fbrtuncs,which equally affli<5teth ; and may goe hand in hand with Varis 
tlie precedent IofTe of time,loflc ofhonour,office 3 of good name, ofkbour, LofFec fyZdt 
fruftratc hopes, may much torment; but in my Iudgment^there is no torture x luv <™*ti- 
Ijkc vnro this,or that fooner procurcth this malady and mifchiefe; Imtl^rdhk. 

x Ploratur lachrymis amiffa peeunia verts: rant,ut film , fl- 

it wrings true tcarcs from our eyes , many fighes and forrowes from our J£**#»*- 
heartland often caufethhabituall melancholy itfelfc.Guianeritts trafl.i f.y. prZ^effidlk 
repeatcs this for an efpeciall caufe: YLofle of friends \andloftc of goods, make taiium confide- 
many men melancholy y as J haue often feene by continuall meditation of fuch J^'*-^ 
things. Thcfameeaufes ^irnoldtu FiHancvanmmcukatcs 2 Breviar. lib. 1. utifevidl * 

T3 c*p.ig. 

Part. i.Sed 2. Caufes of Melancholy. Memh.4. Subtz; 

145 ctp.iS.txrerumamifione^damno,amicorummorteejrc. Many men arc affe- 

* & uburjtui £tcd like * Irimmcn in this behalfe, who if they haue a good ikimiter ,had ra« 
mu%. t j icr naue a bl ow on their armc , then their weapon hurt • they had 
fca^.MetM' r a £ hcr loofe their life, then their goods: and the griefe that commcth 
S^wtf*- hence, eontinuethlong (faith t Plater) andout of many dijpofit tins, pro* 
rampeamitfji' caret b an habit, a Montana and Frifemelica cured a yong man of 22 yceres 
C ^mi7iiwu °f a S e J tDat f° became melancholy,^ amtffam pecuniam,for a fumme of mo. 
qaibittiontppoil ny which he had vnhappily loft. Sckenkius hath fuch another ftory ofone, 
tempore animus melancholy becaufe he oucr-fhothimfelfe, andfpenthis ftocke in vnnecef. 
52^1 ^ ar y building. b Roger that rich Bifhop of Sal/fiury J exutu* op thus & cajtris 
bMbisu. a Rege StephanofyoWzd of his goods and Manors by King Stephen ^ui doloris 

* Cm r l £*'n(' a K or P tm > At % tn ^mntUm verjtts* indecentia fecit, throu gh griefe ran mad, 
V W*« an ' c j |-p a ^ e ant j ^ k new noc w har. Bee it by furetyfhip, fhip- wracke 3 firc, 

fpoile and pillage of fouId*ers,or what lofle foeuer,it boots not 3 it will work 
the like effe<5t,the fame defolation in Provinces and Cities, afwell as priuate 
t T ™P la 01 **' perlbns.<4»»0 / s2 1. when Rome was facked by Burbonua^ the common foul. 
jlZajnfta-' diers roads fuch fpoile, that faire -j- Churches were turned to ftablcs } oldc 
bda eqoorum monuments and bookes, made horle-litter, or burned like ftraw ; reliqucs, 
terfa&r co -ftty pi&ur^fcs defaced; altars demolished ,richhangings 7 carpets &c,tramp. 
inf«!*bnmico- led in the durt* Their wiues and louelieft Daughters conftrupaced by eucry 
cakat*, pf&- bale cullion before their fathers and husbands faces,Noblcmcnschildrcn,& 
Icuiu a*' of the wcalrhieft Citizens a referued for Princes beds , were proftituted to c- 
Yitomm file.- ucry common fouldier, and kept for Concubines ; Senators and Cardinals 
a^H^omm themfelues,dragged along the ftreetes,and put to exquifitc torments,to co- 
fefle where their mony was hid; the reft murdered on heapes, lay ftinkingin 
^rumtbo^fc ^ ^ rcctcs 5 Infants braines dafhed out before the mothers eyes. A lamen* 
fiV^&f. C ~ table %ht it was safes fo goodly a City, fo fuddenly defaced, rich citizens 
t ita ftfuame fent a*begging to Fenice^Naples^Ancona &c: that earft liued in all manner of 
m^dTc'mt™, delights, t Thofe proud palaces, that euen now vaunted their topps toHea< 
& cacummkli ucny were deiected as low as hell in an inftant. Whom will not fuch roifery 
vi^aTafem difcontent f Terence the Poet drowned himfclfe for the loflc of 
'paucldk- fomz of his Comedies, which fuffercd fhipwracke. Whenapooreman 
tmJekOa eft. hath made many hungry meales, got together a llmll fumme, which hdo- 
&th in an inftant; aSchollerfpentmany an houres ftudy to no purpofe,his 
labours loft &c: how ftiould it orherwifebe ? I may conclude with Gregory 
temporalium Amor quantum ajficit,cum haret poffefiofAntum qnum fubtnh- 
tur,urit doler^ riches doe not fo much exhilarate vs with their pofleifion, as 
they torment vs with their lofle. 
\ S subfc m ' Next to Sorrow ftill I may annexe fuch accidents as procure Feare ; for 
Feare from befides thofe Terrors which lhaue c before touched, and many other feares, i 
teTdefti^ ^ wmc h are infinite; there is afuperftitious Feare, commonly caufed by pro- 
afes forc-toid- digies,and difmall accidents, which much troubles many of vs. As if a Hare 
crolfe the way at our going forth, oraMoufe gnaw our clothes : If they 
bleedthreedropsatnofe, the Salt fall towards them, ablacke fpotappearc 
in their nailes,&c: with many fuchjWhich Delrio Tom.z. Ith.^. feci, 4. Auft* 
Nifhm in his bookc de Augur ijs.Toli dor e yirg.ltb.^de Prodigijs.Sari(buricn- 
d ^iccerfunt fis PoI/cratMb.r.cap.ij.difcuffc at large, they arc fo much afFe&ed, that witH 
flnmainn, vcry ft rcn gth of Imaginatioi^Feare^nd the divels craft, they pullthofe d mtf- 


Part i.Se&2. Other Accidents and gneumces. Memb. 4. Subf.^* 

fortunes they fujpecf, vpon their owne beads s and that which they feare ^ fhaH 147 
come vpon themes Salomon fore-tellcth/n;./ .;>4.and Jfay denounceth,*^. lfjj° n l°^ 
which if *they could negleft and contemne^ would not come to paffe. Eorttmvi- icnuTdxd^' 
res nofira refident cpinionejtt morbigravitxs agrotantium cog/tatione^jjhey ' confix. 1. 1 . 
are intended &rcmitted 3 as our opinion is fixed.m ore or lefie. N.N,datpee- ^^3"^ 
j^faith*" Cr^ooffuchaone, utinam nonattraheret:hchpun'\(hcd, and is j ceorg. 
the caufe of it 5 himfelfe: t Dum fata fugimm^ fata fiuhi mcurrimtu. ihmmm : 
As much we may fay of them that are troubled with their fortunes,or ill de~ 
ftinies forc-feene, multos angit prxfeientia malorum. The fore-knowledge of 
what lhall come to pa(Tc } crucfes many men, fore-told by Aftrologers , or 
W/ihrdsjratum oh ccelum^c it ill accident,or death it k\\c. Sever us, Adrian^ 
Vomit/an, can teftifie as much,of whofefearc and fufpition, Sueten,Herodian f \ l to*f» to- 
andthcreftofthofeWriters 3 telinrangeftoriesin this bi:\\2\k>Montanus f^fj^ 
confil.i /. ,hath one example of a yong man,excecding melancholy vpon this mcianchAum. 
occalion. Such fcares haue ftill tormented mortall men in all ages,by reafon m 
of thole lying oracles,and thofe juggling Priefts, -j- There was a fountainc in yu vmnLm 7 " 
G><vc<r,nccre Ceres Temple in Achaia , where the euent of each difcafe was m*borumeti- 
to be knowne; Aglajfe was let dvwnehya threed^c. Amongft thofe Cyancan IZfsfefubm 
rockes at the fprings ot Lycia , was the Oracle of Thtrxeus Apollo, where all tenui fujpenfum 
fortunes werefore-told^fickneffe}jealtb,or what they would befides: fo commo ^™ ul ^ d ^"" 
people haue bcenc alwayes deluded with future events. At this day , Metus ^04%^% 
j futurorum maximctorquet Sinas , this foohfh feare, mightily crucifies them ty«*fontes&c 
1 in China: as » Matthew Riccius the Iefuiteinformcth vs , in his Commenta- „* X fof mSt " 
ries of thofe Countries,of all Nations they are moft fupcrftitious^and much ' ' M *** 
tormented in this kind 3 atttibuting Co much to their Divmators,«r ipfe metus v Timmdepr** 
ftiem fuiatxhn feare it (elfe and conceipt,caufc it to k fall out: If he foretell "'"P** l uod 
nckneiie fuch a day, that very time they will be licke, m metus afpUli^n <e- vocatqj quodfu- 
. gritudinem cadunt&nd many times dye as it is foretold.A true faying,T tmor &^dttq t 
( mortis jnorte prior ^hc feare of death ,is worfc then death it felfe 5 and the me- ™Z?m$ r %t 
mory of that fad houre 3 tofome fortunate and rich men, is asbitter as gaule i tieinfim Au-° 
, Ecclus 41.1, a worle plague cannot happen to a man, then to be fo troubled ^ 
' in his minde. O Clotho^Megapetus the tyrant in LucUn exclaimes, let me Hue c a ™b*'JZri 
,\ awhile longer. \ Iwillgiue thee a thouftnd talents of gold, and two holes he- vurimille talent 
1 fdes^whicbltookefrom Cleocritus, w/£ a too talents a peece.Woes mee, ^Zum^' 

* foiih anothcr,whatgoodty Ortanors fhall I leaue ! what fertile fields ! what mitto&e. 
, ajinehoufe ! what pretty children I how many feruants ! who [h all gather 'my * w ^ dei ^' He * 
I grapes ^mf cor ne ? muft I now dye fo well fettled! jeauea{J,fo wellprouided ? qunZ^ufo 
^ Woe smeyvhattyyilll doe} \Animulavagulablandula^qu < tnuncahihisinlocaf qitmferttki 

To thefe tortures of Feare and Sorrow , may well bee annexed Curtofity, 
5[ j that irkfomc zittjiimiafollicitudo* fuperfuous induflry about unprofitable * ir.dnhk y&. 
J things, and their qualities \is T^w^deflncsitvan itchinghumor,orakmde f^f ua ^ rti 
; of longing to t fcc that which is not to bee (eene , to doe that which ought y Fiavtfecre- 
' not to be done; to know that fecret,which (hould not be knowne, to eat of i* Minerv*, n 
' the forbidden fruit. VVee commonly moleft and tireourfclues about things mZtuUta* 
t vnfitand vnneceflary,as^rr^4 troubled her felfe to little purpofc. Be it in 
Rcligion^iumanity, Philofophy,policy, any action or ftudy, 'tis a ncedlcflfe 
troubIe,amecre torment. For what els is fchoole Divinity ,how many doth 
I « puffle ? what froitlciTe queftions about the Trinity, Rcfurrcc^ion jElc&i6> 


Cau/es of melancholy* 

Mcmb.4.Subf,^ # 

'ifctf. fork, 

t Stnta. 


Woman is the 
torownc of her 
husband .Pro. 

*M. hue fhec 


Prcde(lination,hellrjrc& many fhall bcc faued,darpned ? what els is 
alLfuperftition^but an endlelTeobferuation of idle CeremonieSj Traditions ? 
what is moil of our Philofophy,but a Labyrinth of opinions , propofitions, 
Metaphyficall terrnes; Aftrologie, but varnc elections, prcdi&ions; Phy, 
f»cke,but intricate rules and preoptions ; Philology, bat Criticifmes 5 Lo- 
gickc, Sophifmes I To what end are fo many great Tomes, why doc wee 
fpend fo many ycares in their ftudies?Much better to know nothing at all,as 
thofe barbarous Indians are wholly ignorant, then as fome ofvs , to beefo 
fore vexed about vnprofitablc toyes : Jtultus labor ettineptiaram, to build an 
houfewithputpinncs,makearopeof fand ? to what end ? eui bono? Heeftu- 
dres on,but as the boy told S c Attjlw, when I haue laved the Sea dry, thou 
(halt vnderftand the myftery of the Trinity; He makes obferuations, keepes 
times and feafons', and as *Conradus the Empcrour would not touch his 
newBridc,til(an Aftrologerhad told himamafculinehourc,butwith what 
fuccelTe? Hctrauelsinto£«r^, ^/Vir/^/^/earcheth cuery creckejSca^ 
Citty,Mountaine,GulfCjto what end ? See one promontory ( faid Soerates 
©fold) one Mountaine,oneSea, oneRit*er,and fee all. An^/^w/^fpcnds 
his fortunes to make gold ; Arijlotle muft finde out the motion of Euripus^ 
muft needes Ice Vifttviusfcvk how fped they ? One lofeth goods, ano. 
t'her his Xxfc.Pyrrbus will conquer ■^dfrkke flrft 5 and then o*^*; he will be i 
folc Monarchy fecond immortally third rieh,a fourth eommander.1T«r^;- 
ne magno /pes 'folltcit* in urbibus errant; wc runne 5 ride. take vndefatigable 
paines all,vp carly,downc late, ftriuing to get that,which we had much bet- 
ter be without, (ardeltones, bufy bodies as wee are^ it were much fitter for 
vs to be quiet,(it ftill 3 and take our cafe^ His folc ftudy is for words^hat they 
bee Lepfdte/exeueompoji^u! tefferuU omnes y not a relia- 
ble mifplaced,tofetoutaftramineousfubiccl;: as thine is about apparcll, 
to follow the fa(hion } to be tcrfe and polite/tis.thy folc bufinefle: both with 
like profite. His onely delight is building, he fpends himfelfe to get curious 
intricate models and plots 5 another is wholly ceremonious about title?, dc« 
grees,infcripticns.A third is oucr follicitous about his diet^hc redeemeshis 
appetite with extraordinary charge to his purfe, is feldome plcafedwitha. 
t>y meale 3 whileft a triviall ftomacke vfeth all with delight,and is neucr orTen. 
ded.Bufy > niee :) ciwious wits,make that vnfupportable in al vocations ,trades, 
a&ions,employments, which to duller apprchenfions is not offenfuic, ear- 
neftlyfecking that which others asfcornefuHyncgle6t. Thus through our 
foolifh curioltty doc we macerate our feluc<?, tire our foules, and run head- 
long, through our indifcrction, pcruerfcwill,nnd want of go'uernmenvnto 
many needlcfle cares and troublcs,vaine cxpences,tedious journies,painfull 
hourcs,and when all his done,, quorfumbxc} cm bom} to what end? 

Amongft thefc palfions and irkfomc Accidents , vnfortunatc marriages 
may be ranked, a condition of life appointed by God himfelfe in Paradifc,an 
honourable and happy eftate, & as great a felicity as can befall a man in this 
world, 1 if the parties can agree as they ought, & Hue as <* Seneca lmdmh 
his ?adma\ but if they he vncqually matchcd,or at difcorde,a greater mifcry 
cannotbc expeftcdjtp haue a fcold,a Ativan harlot,a foole,a fury,or a fiend, 
there can be no fuch plague. Eccles 26.14. He that hath her, uatifheehttti 
fcorpon,&z6as^ witked wife makes a (orry countenance, an heavy heart, & 

Pam i ,Sfct.2. Other Accidents andgrieuances m Memb»4.Subf # 7 

be bad rather dwell with a Lionjhen keepe houfe with fueh « wife. Her * pro- 149 
pcrtics lovianm Pont anus hath defcribed at large, Ant.dtal t T*m.2> vndcr the n ^matw 9 
nameof£/^W^.OrtfthcybcnotcqualIinyeares, Ctcilttum Agetlim lib, 'g^*** 
*.c*/>..?.?.complaines much of an old w\fe,dum eitte mertiinbio , egomet mor- 
tuns vivo inter T//w/,whilft I gape after her death,! Hue a dead man amogft 
the liuingjdr if they diflike vpon any occafion, 

f Judge they who are vnfortunately wed, t Dmei in fy» 

What' tu to come info a loathed bed. f amuni - 
The fame incdnvcniencc befalls women. A yorig Gentlewoman \t\Ba(jl *ttiymsi>rtp 
was mimcdy&hhFeltx Plater ob(erttdt.lib,i, to an ancient managainfther ^t^jf^* 
will,whom (he eould not affcc~t$(ric was continually melanchoIy,and pined nyjh&t? 
away for griefe; and though her husband did all hec could poffibly to giue 
her content, b a difcontentcd humor at length flic hanged her felfe. Many 
other ftorics he relates in this kind, p Thus men arc plagued with women; ^umlbTZc^ 
they againc with mcri,when tbey are of diucrfc humors and conditions, he wZmnw'Ji, 
a fpcndthrift,and (bee fparingj one honeft,the other difhoneft &c. Parents nati fit al " 
many times difquict their ehildrcn 3 and they their parents. q 'A foolijb fonne it 7«*llvmU 
an heauineffe to his mother, Iniuflanoverui Aftep-mother often vcxeth a Adeiph. 
whole family jis matter of repentancc,cxercifeofpatience,fuell ofdiflcntio; s Pr0Yo 
which made Cat as fonne expoftulatc with his father,why he fhould offer to r De ^. um 
marry his client Soltnita daughter^ yong wench, Cuius caufa navercam in* wb i&.}.c*h, 
duceret-j what offence had he done^hat he fhould marry againc? Vnkind, vn. tm i uatn 
natural! fricnds,cuill ncighbours 3 bad feruants,debts and debets 5 furetyfhip, %f!°b u *7ua 
the bane of many families, Spondeprsflb noxa <r/7, he fhall be fore vexed that is "reqm^miiad^ 
furctyfor ajirangerfro.i i.t $.andbe that bateih furetyfbip, is jure* Conten- t ^ tt9 ^ rxi 
tionjbrawling.LaW'futes, falling out of neighbours and friends, 1 — dtfeordia fwrli$„L 
demcm.(l< r irg.<is£n.6 .) arcequailtothefirft, gricuemanyaman, andvexe ^aw^fe*- 
his foiilc.TV/^// fan} miferabtlius eorummentibus fas r Boter holdesj nothing ^Jmam 
fo miferible as fuch men fall of cares ,griefes y anxieties, 4i if they were [tabbed WfH^Vv^, 
With ajbarpg fxord, fear ejujp. t ion JcJJ>eration y farrow, care, griefe, are their [fj^f e i M g . 
ordinary cowpxhiom. Our Welchmen are noted by fomcof their f owne Jtlrablmm 
Wriccrs,to cortfume one another in this kindj but whofbeuer thcyare that 
vfeit,thefe are their common fymptomcs, efpecially if they be convict or %wj&Jf* 
oucrcomc/caft in a Mt.Arius put out of a Bifhoptickby Eujlachius, turned ad ornn 'm bone- 
Hcretickc,& lined after difcontentcd all his life." Euery RepuHe is of like na- rum co "f km ^ 
til re: hen quanta deftedecidil Difgracc, infamy, will almoft effect as much, Znt"^"*" 
& that a long time after. H/pponax a Satyricall Poet,fo vilified & lafhedtwo \ s P"*iim<> 
Paintcjjm his Iambicks,/*/ antbolaqneofe fuficarent, * Pliny faithjboth hang. r nl^' d , 
ed themfelues, All oppositions, dangcrs^pcrplexitiesjdifcontcnts, z to Hue fitpavi. 
in any fufpence;arc of the fame ranke:/*/tf hoc fub cajtt dmerefomnos.1 Who * ^fjffi* 
can be fecure in fuch cafes?. Vnkindc fpccchcs trouble many .A Glafle-rhans mrm^lm 
wife m ^/became melancholy ,becaufc her hufband faid hce would marry dmpendm^uU 
againc if fhedied. No cut tovnkindnes, ss'thefaymgis, a frownc, an hard tm'faZt*' 
fpeech,orbadlooke, efpcciallyto Courtiers, or ifuch as attend vpon great fmidijfm 
Perfons,is prefent death, Internum vultu Rata,, eadita, fuo\ fuam^uim trt* 

they ebbe & flow with their matters favours. Some pcrfons are at their wits nb. % a : t 
ends, if by chance they ouer-fhoot themfelucs in their ordinary ; fpccchcs, y*u 
•U&ions, whichmayafcercumc to chcir difgracc, oc baue anyfecrctdif* ^ J * tnt * 

V dofcd* 

Pert.i.Se£t.2. Cau l" °f Melancholy. Mcmby. S^i. 7 . 

■-r^d^ trtfc reports of a Gentlewoman a 5 ycarcs old, that 

15 falhngfoulewithonc^^^^ 

foo matter what) in pubhke, and fo much grieued with it,that toe d,d there 

Jdens melancholsam.contabefcere, forfake all comparand in a melancho y 
humour pine away.Others are as much tortured to fee themfelues reieded, 
contemncd/corned^ifabled.or * left Mi»d then ' fellows. Luaan brings , n 

* Turpi nim. ^ tamae fo z Philofopher in his Lapith.convtvio^ much dilcontcnted that 

m ' he was not invited amongft there!*, expoftulating the matter, ma long E. 
piftlc with Anflinem their Hofte. Prttextatu* a robed Gentleman in/V*. 
urcb wouldnotfudowncataFcaft, becaufclie might not fit higheu\bc 
went his waves all in a chafe. We fee tbeconw.on quarrellmgs that are op 
dinary amongft vsfor taking of the wall precedency, & thelike,whichihogh 
they be toyes in themfelues, & things of no moment ,yet they caufe many 
diftempcrs,mnch hart-burning amongft vs. Nothing pierceth deeper then 

* sdmtuenm a contempt or difgrace, b efpecially if they bee generous fptrits, fcarce any 
t^&Ti thing affeas them morc,thcn tobedefpifedor vilifled.C^^A/^.;. 
tmmver^Mt e x rmpbnes it,and common experience confirmes it. Of the lame nature is 
gravm affix, ODPrc flj on Ecclcs 7.7 fureiymrefSton makes a man w^^.Banifhment a great 

mifcry, as Tjrtm defers u in an Epigram of his, 

Nam miferum eft p atria amifj&Jaribujfy vagart x 

Mendicum,& timida voce rogare cibos: 
Ommbusinvifus.quocun^accejfertt t exul 

Semper crttjemper Jpretm egenfa iacet .&c. 
A miferablc thing 'tis fo to wander, 

And like a begger for to whine at doorc, 
Conccmn'd of all the workman exile is, 
Hatcd 3 reic£ted,needy ftill,and poore. 
\ In fhrnf. Volynkes in his conference with locafia in « Euripides , reckons vp fine mifc 
ries of a banifhed man , the leaf! of which alone , were enough to dcie# 
fome pufillanimous creatures. Oftentimes a too great feeling of our owne 
infirmities or imperfections of body orminde, will rivell vs vpj asi.'webec 
long ficke: O beat a fanttas, te prafente, amanum 
Ver floret gratis y abfy te nemo beattu: 
O blefTed health ! without thee there can be no happineffe; Or vifited with 
fome lothfome 4ifeafe,ofFenfiue to others, or troublefome to our fclues ; as 
a (linking breath,defbrmity of our limmes,crookcdnes, loffc of an eye, leg, 
hand,palencfle 5 leanneiTe,redne{re,baldnefle, lolTeof haire, or wanitjljc, m 

* u lauicm ubi finer e e.epit % dtros tclus cordt infert^ faith 4 Syneftus^ he himfclfe troubled 

not a little ob um& defeBHmfhz loiTc of hairc alone ,ftrikcs a cruell, ftroke to 
the heart- ^cco an oldwoman,fecing by chance her face in a true glade/for 
fhe vfed falfe Mattering glaflcs belike at other times, as moft Gentlewomen 
doe) animt dolor e in infant am delapfa eflf Calms Rhodigtnm Mb. r 7. cap. 2 )t an 
£ 9vid. mad. c Brotheus the fon of^Wf**,becaufe he was ridiculous for his imperfe- 
ctions 3 tlung himfelfc into the fircSome are fairCjbut barren^nd that gaulcs 
them. Hanna wept \and did not eatejdndwa^troubledinjpirit^andallfor her 
harrenneffe. T.Sam, i * and Gen. 3 0. Rachel faid, in the anguifb of her foule t git* 
mea$hdde t or ifhdlMei another hath too raany,onc was neuer marricd,and 


Paru.St&.t. Other Accidents and orieuanccs. Memb^.Subky, 

that's his hell: another is, and that's his plague. Some are troubled in that 151 
they ate obfcure;other by being traduced,{landred, abufed, injured: minime 
mirsr eos ( as f he (aid J qui infanireeccipunt ex iniuriL I maruaile not at t r * r > 
all if offences make men mad.No tydings troubles onc;illreporcs,rumours, 
bad tydings or newes 3 h3rd hap,ill fuccefle^ainc hopes, or hope differred a- 
nother ; one is tooeminenr, another is too bafe borne, and that alone tot* 
tures him as much as the reft : one is out of a6tion,imployment', another o- 
ucrcome and tormented vvithwoxldly cares, and onerous bufmefle. But j? 
what f tongue can fufricc to fpeake of all ? tmm 

Many men catch this malady by eating ccrtaine'meatcs at vnaWares, as ^om'acwfiii 
henbane^ nightthade, cicuta, mandrakes cVc: by philters, wandring in the tercMtrerw* 
Sun 5 bitingofa mad dog,a blow on the head, ftinging with that kind of fpi- 9im i" > U tm - 
der called Tarantula; an ordinary thing, if we may belicue 
venenu^ Cxlabrta & Abulia in Italy jOardan fubtik l/b.p. Scaliger exercitat, 
jS f .Their fymptomes are merrily defcribed by Iovianm ?ontanus,AntMaL 
how they dauncc altogether and arc cured by Mufick. S Cardan fpcakes of WMeffmnk 
ccrtaineftones,if they be carried about one, which will caufc melancholy ^J^*^f* 
and madnelTe 5 hc cals them vnha ppy, as an K^dtmixnt , Selaiites (frc. "which fleet nddmt 
dry vp the bodyjncretfc cures, diminish /leepe:Cte1o3 in Perfau, makes mcnti- euros cu%mt t 
on of a Well in thofc parts, of which if any man drinke. « hee ismaUe for 24. fZt?!"™*' 
houres: but thetc relations are common in all Writers, *«r. 

k Hie aliiU poter am s & ptxres fubnectcre caufas^ iAd unum ^ m 

Sediumentavocant : & Selinclinatjtwdumejl* * juvcn.Sat,{. 

Many fuch caufes, much more could I fay, 1 i*tm befti* 

JButthatforprovcndermycattlcftay: m*ut*mit* 
The Sun dechnes,and I mult necdes away. mimuflima 
Thcfc caufes,if they be considered, & come a!one 3 I doe eafily yceld.can doe f mt v am are ' 
little of thcmfelucs,or feldomc ; or apart ,though many times they arc all fuf- ™ml\m\nm* 
ficicnt eucry one.yet if they concurre, as often they doc^w unita fort/or^ vemmittatur, 
Etqu&nwobfunt fingulu muitanocenti they may batter a merili lUm \ 

ftrongconltitution; '^AujhnUiO^manygrat/jesandjmaHjands (ittkeafb/p, g»it<epiwi«! 
many fmalKlroppes make a flood ejrc often reiterated 1 many difpofitions pro- & tmm m ~ 
duce an habit, etjch ^ 

tkrwufa ergo 

Ma MB. << mam**** 
c * dim , fi nm 

5 V B S l Ci I» mffutkdms,- 

Continent jntvard^tttccedcntfiext caufes ^nd how 
* the body xcofke%on the minder* 

AS a Purly hunter,! haue hitherro beaten about the circuit of the For- 
reft of this Microcofme 3 and haue followed only thofe outward ad* 
ventitiouscaufes;I will now breake into the inner roomes,and rip vp 
the antecedent immediate caufes which are there to be found. For as the di- 
ffraction of the minde,amongft other outward caufes and perturbations 5 aI- 
ters the temperature of the body, fa the diftra6tion and diftcmpcraturc of 
thcBodywillcaufeadiftcmpcraturcofthe Soule, and 'tis hard to decide 
which of thcfc two doe more harmc to the other, Plato fypriaa, and fornc 

V % others. 

Part. i.Seft z. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmh.5. Subt ijj 

2 52 othcrs,as I hauc formerly faid,lay the g. eateft fault on the Soulc , exculing 
the Body;others againe accufing the Budy,excufe the Soulc, as a principal! 
^^mvm a S cnt *^ nc * r rcafonsarc 3 becaule m ^^*/»^^y^//(^ the Temperature 

ramnrftrit. of the body ^% Galen proucs in his bookc of that fubicct , Prefer Caleniusdy 

Atra bile^ lafon Pratcnfts MantaJLemniw lib. 4 cap. id. and many a- 
thers. And that which Gualter hath commented eptft.iohannu is 
moft tru e,concupilccncc and origmall finnc 5 inclmations,and bad humours 

tern"* >U * k ~ arc n ra< * ica ^ in cver y onc °^ vs > cau ^ ,n g tnC f c perturbations, affections, and 

* m cer ?" e ' fcucrall diftcmpers , offering, many times violence vnto the Soulc. Enety 

man it temped by his oxvne concup/fcencef lames 1.14 Jthejpirit is xotlling jbut 

* Gal.j. the flefh is rveake t tnd rebelleth againjl the Jptrit, as our L^poftle teachcth rs: 

that me thinkes the Soulc hath the better plea againft the body , which fo 
forcibly inclines vs,that wc cannot rcfn% Nec nos obniti contra a net tender t 
tantumSufficimus. How the body being materia'!, worketh vpon the im- 
matcriall foule>by mediation of humours and fpirits , which participate of 
both,and ill difpofed ox^ins, Cornelius Agrippa hath difcourfed lib. /. decs- 
tult.philof.capJ $.64.6 $.Levinus Lemnius lib.iM occult.nat.mir. dip. n.tjr 
16 2 j .injl/tut .adopt. vtt .Perkins lib. j .Cafes of Conf. cap. 12. T. Bright 
*$hktex am- cap. jo. 11,12. in his Treat ifc of Melancholy. For as P anger, feare, fbrrowe, 
wfla^nt- °bt r cc'tation j emulation, &c. ft mentis intmos reccjfus cccupartnt , faith 
cTplm' H Lemnius y corpori quoq, infefta funt] tjr tUt ttterrimos morbos tnferunt^ caufc 
mm&murbo. grievous difeafies in the bodily difeafes affect the Soule by confent. 
'ZtvfaXmi Now thc chiefeft caufes proceed from the < Heart, humors, fpirits ; as they 
videmtti bebe- are purer,orim purer, fo in thc Minde, and equally fuffcrs , asaLuteoutof 
1 w* 4 ' e tl,ne '^ one ft" n ?^ or onc organ be diftempcred,all the reft mifcarry/co^ 

* cwplrTitide onuflum Externu vitij$,antmum quo^pragravat vna. Thc Body is domicilii 
mwbianmam um tnim*, her houfc, abode and ftay, and as a torch , giues a better light;* 
%e°cfafmh^ fweeter fmell,accordingto the matter he is made of: fo doth our Soule per- 
ficiuia } &quan- forme ail her actions, better or worfe,as her organs arc difpofed; or as wine 
Si °^f lx favours of thc caske where it is keptjthe Soulc rcccaucs a Tincture from thc 
mlltZTm Body , through which it workes. Wee fee this in old men, children, Europe, 
bomine comity ans, A pans ,\\oi & cold Climes; Sanguine arc merry jMclanchol^ffad, Phleg- 
^SScSka m3tick cd"ll } byrcafonofabundanccoffuch humours, and they cannot rc- 
bmor&Mtfy- fift fuch paflions as arc inflicted by them. For in this infirmity of humane 
rUihfa emft- naturc,as Melandihon declares, thc Vndcrftanding is fo tied to, andcaptiua- 
'nor. te d DV ms inferiour fcnfes , that without their helpc hec cannot cxercifc his 
( HtMum pra- fundtions,and thc Will being weakned^hath but a fmall power to rcftrainc 
»«Sr ° b ' cho ^outward parts, but fuffers her fclfc tobeoucrrulcdbythemj.thatj 

muft needs conclude with Lemniusffiritus ejr humor es maximum noeOmcn* 
turn obtinent ,fpirits and humours doc moft harme in f troubling thc Soulc. 
How ltiould a man choofc but bee cholcricke and angry, that hath bis body 
^muZm- ^° clo SS c<J with Sundance of groffc humours? or melancholy, that is fo in- 
perie generate, wardly difpofed > Thence comes then this malady , MadncfTe, Apoplexies, 
vei reiinqwtur Lcthargies,&c. it may not be denied. 

Now this Body of ours is moft part diftcmpercd by fomc prcccdcmd& 
in venit conctu- cafes,which molcft his inward organs and inftrumcnts , & fo per sonfequens 
f !!!:rJll t)dMi caufeMelancholy,according to thc confent of thc moft approucd Phyfiti* 
Utaticmrabtt. ™ s - c T»h humour ( KAvncnnaltb. $% fen.i.TrtB.4X*p. iS.Arnoldus breui* 

ar 9 

Part.i.Sc&.z, Particular parts, Mcmb^.Sobi a. 

ar.hb, j.ap. iS./accbwus comment. in p,Rhafis cap. i 5 . Montaltus, 154 
Nicholu Pifo tap. de Melan.ejrc. fuppofe)a begotten by the di(t t mperature of 
fome invcar dp art jnnate, or left after fomcinftamation, or elf ? included in the_> 
blood after an* ague, or fome other malignant difeafe. This opinion of theirs u u f ^ 
concurres with that oiGakudibj locu affect. Gunner ius giues an in- m fZ\ bZ£ 
fiance in one fo caufed by a quartan ague^and Mont Anus confil.jj, in a yong Meiamkohum, 
man of 28 yearcs of age,fo diftempcred after a quartan,which had molcfted ?JjffJ e %™ 
him fiue yearcs together. Hildijheim fticeUz* de Mania , relates of a Dutch morblm. 
Baron,gricvoufly tormented with melancholy after a long x ague, Galen, c f' lda ' ! ^pe- atra bile cap, 4. puts the plague a caufc. Botaldm in his hookc delue fibre coxtrafta. 
vener. cap. 2- th- French poX for a caufc: others, Phrenfie, Epilepfie, Apo- *^«maut. 
pkxie,bccaufethofcdifcafes doe often degenerate into this. Offupprefli- XoZ° q tnm^ 
onof H*mrods 5 Haemorrogia, or bleeding at nofe, menftruous retentions, mian> boikuK 
or any other evacuation ftopped J haue already fpoken.Only this J will add, <fc 
that (ijch Melancholy as fhall be caufed by fuch infirmiries , defcrues to bee Tx.^MMel 
pirtied of all men , aud to bee refpe&ed with a more tender compalfion,ac- 
cording to Laurent m ,as commingfrom a more inevitable caufc. 

Svbsbc. 2. 

Disitmperature of particular parts. 


/*| * Hetc is almoft no parr of the Body , which being diftempercd, doth 
not caufc this malady,as the Braine & his parts 5 Heart,Liuer,SpIene 
Stomacke 5 Matrix or Wornbc,Pylorus,Mirachc,Mcfcntery, Hypo- T ntnm 
condries,Meferiackvcines,andina word, faith 1 ArcuUnus, there is no part libKbafnadAl- 
which aufeth not melancholy ^either b'canfe it i**dufl,or doth not cxpeQtbcu 
fnperflutty of the nutriment. SavanarolaPrail.maior.rubric.u.Tracl.6.cap.i. q Ua cunq t parte 
is of the fame opmion^that melancholy is ingendred in each particular part, P 0t 4 fi cri 
and * Crato in confil.iyMb^.Gordonius^ho is injlar omnium JiLmed.partic. rel^Ta'dm. 
2. cap. 1 ^.confirmcs as much,putting the a matter of melancholy ^fometimes tn tu/yvel quia noK 
the flbmacke,Liuer :> Heart f Braine,Sf>lene t Mtrach, Hypocendries, when as tbe_j t i^^ tr " 
melancholy humour refides there , or the Liner u not well cleanfedfrom Mclan- cremenii. **" 

tholy blood, * A I:e»f , Uci- 

The Brainc is a familiar and frequent caufe,too hot,or too cold ^through X'/Xf«- 
dduH bloud fo canfed^.% Met cur/alts will haue it, within or without the head, ritur. 
the braine it fetfe being d ; itcmpered. Thofc arc mod apt to this difcafc, 
< that haue a t ot Heart andmoift Braineyvhkh Montaltus Melanc. qumdbm cere. 
approuesout otHaly abbas, Rbafis, and Avicenna. Mercurialid confil. 11. afc In^iquandbm 
fignes the coldnefTc of the Brainc a caufc, and Saluliius Salvianta tnedJecJ. 
lib. 2 .cap. 1 . will haue it «* arife from a cold ejr dry dijlemperature of the braine. bypmndriis , 
Tilo.Benediclus Vitlorius Faventinus. will haue it proceed from a e hot dtp- W acht >fP te " e * 

J /-» jr t r LT>«i cumibtrema- 

temperature of the Btatne ; and * Mont alt m cap. 10. from the braines heat, „ et , bumr w 
fchorching the bldod. The Braine is (till diftempcred by hirnfclfe,or by con - lancboHaa. 
fent: by himfelfe or his proper arFe6tion 5 as Faventintts calls it a S or by vapors gduftojZTvd 

txtr* caput. c '§hti taMum cor habent, cerebrum bumidum facile melancbelici. d Seqritur mtUncbolia matam mtmferiem frU 
pAm&ftccmioimi cerebri. c S*pefitexadidure cenbro ant corpore cottigente meldicbotiam. Pifo. { helper proprim affetlu>- 
*m,velpereonfenfum,cumvaporet exhalaxtm cerebrm.iUjttalt.caP.i4. tAMtiki&ijpitvr mtlanchtlkwfHmm, antalinnM 
ubkxr /titer ando animates fasuUaUs, 

V $ which 


Parci.Scd»2. Caujes of melancholy. Memb^.Subf^ 

1 54. which *rife from the other farts \and fume ip into the head , altering the ant* 

mal faculties \ . » ' A 

h Ab inttm^ HiUejbeim fficcl 2 Je MA»ia,xhinkcs it may be caufed from a h di/lempe* 
aSto mdb ratl * re °f the heart Jometimes hvtfcmetimes eold.A hot Liuer,and a cold St* 
frmdiore. mackc 5 arc put for v.fuall caufes of Melancholy.- Merturialis confil.r 1 . & con. 
srtfY 09 ' fi}J con[d.S6. aflignes a hot Liner , and cold Stomacke for ordinary caufes* 
k'qfetif hit- 1 Monavms in an Epiftle of his to Crato in Scoltzius, is of opinion 5 that Hy- 
Tnorum pocondriacall Melancholy may proceed from a cold Liucr 5 thequeftionis 

thcrc difcuflcd. Moft agree that ahot Liucr is in £m\t,* the Litter it tAefty 
vtju wfrhc* of humours &nd ejpei ■ tally caufeth melancholy by his hot and dry d temperature, 
coicurrfmt^uol ijfa stomackc^and Meferiatkc veines doe often concurre ^ hyreafon of their 
tte fklitiV' c & flrucfions \and thence their heat cannot be avoided^and many times the mat- 
m Pcrfe jangui- ter is fo aduft^nd inflamed tn thefe parts, that it degenerates into Hypocondria* 
ncm culurcntcs. ^H^i^boly. Guianerius cap t 2.TracJ.i<. holds the Meferiackc veines to be 
&fics/u cV.ij a fufhcicnt m caulc alone. The 5plene concurresto this madady, by all their 
o splat fiflrk - confents,and fupprelfion of Hxmrods , dum ncn expurgat altera caufa liea t 
vo'e arte mei. fa^h MoataltusjfitbG n too cold and dryland doe not purge the other parts as 
Itb.z.cap.n. it ought.C0nfil.23* Montanus puts the °fplenc^> flopped for a great caufe, 
q "55^** P chriffovhertts a Vc*a reports of his knowledge, that hee hath knownc Me. 

pMredoKtnva- , Jt r \ r * r ./-ni 1 • , r % 1 • o 1 

fifeminariu ct tancholy caufed from ptitrmedbloud in thole Seed veines cx'wombe.q^r* 
uere, & yum- cuianus from that men fir not* s blood turned into melancholy , and feed toolwg 
fare:t*tTvd detainedfzs] hauc already declared^/ putrefaction oraduftion. 
fmguinemen- The Mefcnteriu*n,ox. b\idt\ffe y Diaphragmajs a caufe 3 which the 1 Greeks 
fimi* mekn- ca ]{ C£ j p^r** .-becaufe by his inflammation.the minde is much troubled with 
per putrefactio' convulnons and dotage. All thele.moft part,6ftende byunflammauon ,cor« 
ampd adufii- rupting humours and fpirits,in this non-naturall melancholy; for from thefe 
^Magtrm. are infeendred fuliginous and blackc fpirits. And for that reafon/ Monttlfut 
lErgo egtcietu cau/is melm .willhaue the efficient caufe of melancholy to he bote ad 
C $c™didi& dryjiot a cold and dry diflemperature^as fome holdfromthe beat of the Braitu, 
fuca imempm. ro fling the blood^andimmoderate heat of the Litter and bowels 3 and infiammi- 
es, nun ftigida fion of the Pylorus. Andfo much tberatber y becaufe that^as Galen holds^fyi- 
ttlti^npmfti ces *tfUme the blood fohtarinejfe jo aking^ agues f fludy } meditation , all which 
funtfifitur caim heat: and therefore he concludes that this diffempemture caufing aduetit 'ttiout 
afatTfalt M ^»^holy y isnot cold and dry ,but hot anddry.But ofthis Ihauc Efficiently 
mm,&c*tum treated in the matter of Melancholy 3 and hold that this may bee true innon* 
qitbdaroTTtiu natural! Melancholy, which produceth madnefle , but not in that naturall, 
^ST/joh'tu- which is more cold, and being immoderate, produceth a gentle dotage 
dtyvigiitijebru 1 Which opinion Geraldus de Solo maintaincs in his Comment vpon Rhtfn* 


ditatiojludlum, c 

idrJb.ef omna SVBSBC. J. 


r *fo.ij & de' Caufes of head Melancholy. 

AFter a tedious difcour fe of the gencrall caufes of Melancholy , I am 
now returned atlafttotreatin bricfeofthe three particular fpeci* 
es 5 &: fuch caufes as properly appertaine vnto them. Although thefe 
caufes promifcuoufly concurrc to each and every particular ktndeiand com* 
monly produce their effects in that part which is moft wcake,ill difpofed 3 & 



Part.i.Sc&.2. Particular parts, Mcmb.5.Sibf 4. 

lcaftablccorefift, aadfocaufe all three fpccics; yet many of them are pro- XJ5 
per to fomc onekindc,and fcldome found in the reft. As forexample,head 
Melancholy U commonly caufed by a cold or hot diftempcraturc of the 
Braine,according to Lwrentiu* cap. s .de meUnhwi as \ Hercules deSaxomd 1 lib r ^ 
contcnds,from that agitation or diilemperature of the animal fpirits alone, mtU 
Salufi.Sdvianm bef- re mentioned lib. 2- cxp. i.dere med. will haue it pro- 
ceed from cold : but that I take of natural 1 melancholy, fuch as arc foolcs * 
and dotej for as Gakn writes lib. 4 depulf S.znd ^tcenna, « a cold & motH y^XTcc- 
Braine u an vnfeparable companion of folly. BtU this adventitious melancho- reki frigiditas, 
ly which is here meant,is caufed of an hot anefdry diftcmperature , as * Da- ]J e b ™p™ CA ' 
mafcen the Arabian lib.jsap.22.t\\inVc$, and moft writers. ^Altomarus and - immpam 
PifocaW it y an innate burning vntemperatneffe, turningblood and choler in- 'vmata-t>Htm 9 
tomeUncholy. Both thefc opinions may ftand good, as fir^/rt»aintaines 3 & j^Lm^k 
Capivacciuifi cerebrum fit calidim if the Braine be hote, the animal fpttits mUncholiam 
will be hot } and thence comes madneffe: if cold folly J)auidcrufim Theat.morb. cm ^l^ um 
Her met .lib. 2. cap. 6* de atra bile^ grants melancholy to bee a d ifcafc of an in- fit calidim y fiei 
flamed braine,but cold 5 notwithitanding ofit felfe: call da per igi- IP'^tmammaiu 
da per fefroi by accident only, J am of Capivaccius minde for my part.Now '^T^ct- 
thishumour,accordingto5^/*/*0* , isfometimc in the fubftance of the fifrigidiwfet* 
BrainCjfomctimcs contained m the Membranes > and Tunicles that couer ^ T e ^ cbglia 
the Braine, fometimes in the pafiages of the Ventricles of the Braine, or inputs Ledit 
veines of thofe Ventricles. It followes many times * Phrenfiefong difeafes^ p°ft pkrenrfm 
agues Jong abode in hot places, or vnder the Sunne x a blowe on the head&s Rhafis ZmoZl «t 
informethvs: Pifozddcs folitarinefle, waking, inflammations of the head, pmuffiimm. in 
proceeding moft part b from much vfc of fpices,hot wines, hot meates; all l*^ 3 "*' 1 *' 
which Montanus reckons vp confil.22. for a Melancholy Jew ; and Hernius i ^ bibit vL 
repeats cxp.i2*de Mania Jtiot bathes,GarIicke,Onions,faith Guianeriusjbad **t* nt '* « & 
ayre,corrupt,much c wal tng,&c. retention of feed,or abundance, flopping ^ ^ nt s * b 
of^^rr^/^the Midriffemlfaffeclied-, and according to Traffianus /, 1.16. ; cur* valid* 
immoderate cares ,troubles,grieles, difcontent, ftudy, meditation, and ina 
word .the abufe of all thofe 6 non-naturall things. Hercules de Saxonid^ cap. VZ?a™m?& 
jdJib.i. will haue it caufed from a cautery, orboyledryed vp, oranyiflue. vkereexfucM. 
\ i simamJ,uJh*nm centJ.curd tf/.giues inftance in a fellow that had a boyle ^hodkiT 
in his arme, c after that was heahd^ran madjdr when thewound was openjje mfamam.apem 
was cured againe.Trincavclius ccnfil.13. lib. /. hath an example of a melan- ^^JJJjJ 
choly man fo caufed by ouermuch continuance in the Sunne , frequent vfe cai$%. " 
ofVenery, and immoderate exercife. And in his conftl. 4$. lib. 3. from an 
f headpeece ouerhcatcd, which caufed head-melancholy. Proffer Calcutta 
brings in Cardinal Cafm for a pattcrne of fuch as are fo melancholy by long 
ftudy: but examples arc infinite. 

Stbsi c, 4» 

Cdufes $f HypocondriaeaU$r w indie MeUnchtly* 

N repeating of thefe caufes,I muft crambem bit coftamappMcrc , fay thac 
againe which I haue formerly faid,in applying them to their proper Spc« 
cies. Hypwndriacall or flatuous MclanchoIy 3 is that which the Arabians 



Part.L Sed.i. Caufes of Melancholy* Memb^.Subf^ 

1 5 £ call UMyracbiad , and is in my iudgcmcnc the rrtoft grievous and frequent, 
though Brueland Laurentim make it lcaft dangcrous,and not fo hard to bee 
knowne. His caufes arc inward or outward. Inward from divers parts or Midriffe,Splene 5 Stomacke,tLiuerj Pylorus, Wombe, Diaphrag- 
ma^creriackeveines.ftoppingoflffueSj&c.^^//^ taf % i$. out of 6V 

* ixmkwtim* rcc > tcs s heat and objlrufiion oftbofemeferiacke v tines y 44 an immed'ute 
guis & vent caufej?y which meanes the faffage of the chylus to the Liner is detained Jloppei 
obfimmtur^ms or irrupted \andturncdinto rumbling and winde. Montana* confiL 2 33. hath 
pobtttwlrM- 311 evident demonftration 3 3 r >/>^x/r//Vi« another, lib*i*caf. 12. -.and PUter a 
fitM cbfii'adie- third fibfer nat Mb* j .for a Doctor of the Law vifited with this infirmity, from 
C &?n77tvl& tne ^id obftru&ion and heat of thefc Mcferiackc veines^and bowels: qmni. 
flat* vift'nnr. am inter ventriculum & iecur vent effervefcunt* The veines arc inflamed a- 

bout the Liner and Stomackc. Sometimes thofc other parts arc together 
mifarTededjandeoncurrcto theprodu6tion of this malady. Ahotliuer& 
cold ftomacke or cold belly: lookc for inftances in Hollerius^ Vittcr T rinca* 
veiius /onjif.j $Mb.j,Hi/defheim Spicel.2.fii t i^2, Solenander cenfil.p. promt 
Lugdunenji, Mont Anus confd.22 pJtoi the Earle of Monfort in Germany / 
and Frifimehca in the 235 confultation of the faid Montanus. I. Cafar Claw 
dinus giues inftance of a cold ftomacke and ouerhot liner, almoft in every 
confultation. conf.Sp for a certain Count: &eonf.io6£ot a Poionian Baronty 
reafon ofheat the blood is inflamed,and groflc vapors fent to the Heart and 

* stemcboU- Braine. Met curialis fubferibes to ihcm t confi/.S6. ^thejiomacke being mifafi 
^mm\nS W & fi^ 'jWhich he calls the king of the belly, becaufe if he bee diftempercd,all 
niiqZa membra the reft liifFer with him , as being depriucd of their nutriment , or fed with 
*ti#$ento mbAtd bad nourifhment,by meanes of which,comc crudities, obftru&ions , winde, 
&6m nimbling,griping 5 &c.i/<rrf ules de Saxonia befides heat, will hauc the weak* 

neffe of the liver and hisobftruc~tiona aufe , facultatem debilem iecinoru } 
which he 1 calls the mineral! of melancholy, LAurentius aflignes this reafon, 
• becaufe tbeliucr ouer-hot drawes the meat vndigeftcd out of the flomackc, 
and burneth the humomsJIJontanus c onf.2 jj.ptoues that fometimes a cold 
liucr maybe a caufe. LAurentim cap. 12 Trincavel/us lib.i2.confil.zn&Gtnl* 
ter Bruel teemes to lay the grcatcft fault vpon the Splene, that doth not Jw 
duty in purging the liuer as he ought,being to great or to little, in drawing 
too much blood fometimes to it,and not expelling it, as P. Cnemiandrutin 

* HMefbeim. a k confultation of his notcdytumorem lieni* hee names it>and the fountainc 

of Melancholy. Diocies fuppofed the ground of this kinde of Melancholy ,to 
proceed from the inflamation of the Pylorus^ which is the neat-her mouth of 
the Ventricle* Others afligne the Mcfenterium or MidrifFc distempered by 
hcat,the wombe mifaffccledjftoppingofHemrods ,with many fuch. All 
which Laurentiuscap.12. rcduecth to three, Mefcntcry,Liucrjand Spleen^ 
from whence he denominates Hcpaticke, Splcniticke , and Mcferiackc 

Outward caufcs,are bad diet,care,gricfcs, d Hcontents , and in a word all 
diofc fix non-naturall things , as Montana* found by his experience, conftl. 
244, Solenander conffl, p. for a C itizen of Lyons in France giucs his reader to . 
vndcrftand,that he knewethis mifchicfc procured by a medicine of Cantha* 
*ides,which an vnskilfull Phyfitian gauc vnto his patient to drinkc ad vent- 
re** exeitandam. But mod commonly fcarc 3 gticfc, and fomc fudden com* 


Part i.Scd.2. Caufes of windy Melancholy. Memb. 5. Subf.j; 

motion.orperturbatiou of the mindcbeginneit 3 in fuch bodies efpecially as 157 
are ill difpofcd. MeUnc r anima,\vil[ haue it as comm 
to men } as the mother to women,vpon fome grievous troublejdiflikejOr dif- 
contenr .For as Camerarius records in his Xfe^Melantthon himfelfe was much 
troubled with it , and therefore could fpeake out of experience. Mont anus 
cmfd.22.fro Hel/rante /0^,conrIrmcsif, grievous fymptomes of minde l Hdmfeva 
brought him to it. Randoletim relates of himfelfe, that being one day very mimi /Wf* 
intent to write ou t a Phyfitians notes, molefted by an odde occaiion,hce fell amntconaiik- 
into an hypocondriacall fit ? to avoid which he dranke the decoction of 
vvormewood,and was freed> Melantthon( 'being the d/feafe is fo trouble forne ^nbm'cum^ 
and frequent jholds it a mo (I necejfary and frofit able frudie^? y fir euery man to vtik eft bum ' 
itnowe the accidents of itjwd a dangerous thing to be ignorant, & would tb ere v ^ mU auidm ' 
fore haue moll mctyn fome fort to t nderftand the caufes, fymptomes,and „ e uliyaku- 

CUl'CS of it* lumhuim cau* 

^ fas mnbi 


5 v 1 $ 1 d 5, 

Caufes of Melancholy from the whole Body. 

A S bcfore,the caufe of this kind of Melancholy is inward or outward. 
/~\ Inward, 11 vohtn the Imer is aft to ingender fuch an humour } or the fylene n Utur ^ ttim 
voeake by nature and not able to dif charge his office. A melancholy fern- «d gtnerandum 
perature, retention of Hsemrods,monthIy iflues, bleeding at nofc, longdif- tdwhumorem, 
cafes, agues, and all thofe fix non-naturall things increafe it. But efpecially bediiior Pifo. 
°baddiet,as /V/* chinks,pulfe, fait meat, (bell- fifh } chccfc 3 blackewine,&c. Aitmam.Gm- 
Mercurialts our of ^verroes and Avicenna condemncs all hearbes : Galen.l. TMeimkikm 
$.deloc. affecl.cap.?. efpecially Cabbage. Solikcwhefeare 5 forrow, difcon- qu/ftaredun* 
tcnts,&c.butOi thefe before. And thus in briefe you haue had thcgenerall d . ant ™ hmoii * 
and particular caufes of Melancholy. 

Now goe & bragge of thy prefent happinciTe,whofoeuer thou art, brag gnerat quieum 
of thy temperaturc,of thy good parts,infuk,triumph 3 and boaft ; thou feeft hmmm t mt * 
in what a brittle ftatc thou art,how foone thou maift be deie&ed, how ma- 
ny feueral waies 3 by bad diet,bad ayre,a fmall loflc,a little forrow or difcon- 
tent 3 an ague,&c. how many fudden accidents may procure thy mine , what 
a (mall tenure of happinefle thou haft in this Iife 5 how weake and filly a crea- 
ture thou art . Humble thy felfe therefore vnder the mighty hand ofGod<, r.p e ?. 
/.tf.knowe thy felfcacknowledgc thy prefent mifery and make right vfc of 
it. Qui flat videat ne cadat. Thou doft now flourifh,and haft bona animijor- 
poris^firtunce^oods ofbody >minde 5 and fortune , nefcis quid ferus fecum 
vefperferat , thou knowft not what ftormes and tempefts the latccuening 
may bring With it. Be not fecurc theo,^ foher and watch , ?fortunam reve- ? Anfmrn* 
renter babeji fortunate and rich: if fick and poore,modcrate thy felfe. I haue 


SlCT, $1 


Part.i.Sed j. Symptoms of Melancholy. Memtxi. Subtly 

SECT- 3- 

Mbmb. r. Svbsect, I. 

Symptomes } or fignes of Melancholy in the tody* 

q -?fttei* I* Ymptomes arc c ithcr q vniu ctfal or particular/aithOr^/w,//^.^ 
S^Udi cap.ip.part. 2 .to pcrfons,to (pcck%fome fignes ar efecret fome mat/if efo 
manifep, qua- V-/ f 9me ^ t y B &y*f me in the minde,and diver fly vary , according to tb^j 
^dm'Tcl- tnward or outward c<sufes£*Pivacc:m'. or from ftarres according to /wm, 
guatione & a- nus Pontanus ,de reb.ccelejljib.i % cap t i\& ccleftiall influences or from the 
m m ,qu*dama numours diuerfly m\xt,Fic?n#s lib.j.c<tp fahit tmnda. as they arehotc, 
{1 "humribM co!d,naturall, vnnaturall, intended or remitted, io Will <Atius haue meUn- 
qwvtvinum* cbolica deliria multtformia , diuerfityof melancholy fignes. Laurentius& 
ftZZ&c' 4 ' er ^ cs tncm t0 tneu * feverall temperatures, delights , natures, inclinations, 
Divtrfafhan- continuance oftime.asthcy are (impleor mixt with other difcales, asthc 
^.tteclufT' cau ^* es are divers,fo muft the fignes be,almoft infinite j^ltomar us caf.-j.arU 
ex'e>n* mteme med. And as wine producemdivcrieerTec"ts,or that htzibTortocolla in r Z<w- 
» Lib i.derfu. rentius ,wbieh makes fome Lmgh fome weepefome fieepe fome dance fome (mg > 
*Mcils e r um f ome how le fome dr/nke,ejrc So doth ihis our melancholy humour , worke 
a'tf hidu t . Ait) feverall fignes in fcuerall parties. 

ViTnt^uln ^ L1C to con ^ nc thcm : the(e gencrall Symptomcs may be reduced to thofe 
mndentn' e\{ the Body ox of the ^/^.Thofevfuall fignes appearing in the Bodies of 
mac. dormant fuch as are melancholy be the(e,cold and dry,or they are hot and dry, asthc 
to humour is more or lefteaduft. From f thefcfirft qualities arife many other 
ffy^e'rit bic ffcond,asrhatof t colour,blacke,fvvarty 5 pale,ruddy,&c. fome are impenj) 
^uwaiefac ruh U^ Montaltus capi6. obferues out of Galen Jib. 3. de lecis affeclis , very 
tu». Z^uaridb rc d and higii coloured. Hippocrates in his booke u de Infanid & melan. rcc 
fuperfiigefaft:*. kons vp thefc fignes,that they are * leane jvitheredjhollow-eyedjooke oldjcrin* 
^IZlpmti. ^d, barfh 3 much troubled wit h winde, and a gryping in their bellies , or belly 
caho. ake, belch often, dry bellies and hard, deiefted lookes faggy beards .finging of 
» ocidt ha ex- t fr e eares ver tt.~ Jigkt headed Jittle or no fleepe.and that interrupt .terrible & 
I -fftuntur cir- fearejuil dreames. I he lame Symptomes are repeated by Mclanelm in his 
tumprxcordi* booke of Melancholy,colIec"tcd out of Galen } Rufus,i&tius, by Rhafisfiork- 
%c\frlvmtm "** s f &d a U tn « Iuniors,y continuallSbarpe^ndftinking belchings^as if their 
y. rtiga.tinmtm meat in their Jiomacke were putrtfiedyr that they had eaten fifh, dry bellies fdb- 
'pumaZk f ur< ^ an d interrupt dreames 3 and many phantaflicaUvifons about their eyes, 
ter tMi* & m- vertiginous ,apt to tremble , and prone to Fenery, * Some adde palpitation of 
*j3ue ' tnene3rtC0 ' t ' fivent,as vfuall Syrrptomes, andakindeoflcapinginraany 
\al *S P^ohhcbody fa/tuminmultiscorporispart/bus,2Wmdc ofitching, faith 
, nu* abum Laurent'rus on the fuperficics of the skin,Iikc a flea-biting fbmetimcs. 3 Moth 
^tX>' r ta/fus > ca P' 2I -P" ts fixcd c y cs and much twinkling of their eyes for a figne,& 
d,rrm t 'find ^° dor h ^ivicennajculos habentcspalpitantesjrauli vehementer rubicund. 
td_ mve*um fit, &cJ.j.Fen. T.Tra^. 4 . C ap. r8. Tbcy ftutte moll part, which hec tookc out of 
rfira* otcm ff/ ^ terdtes Aphonfmes. b Rhafis makes headachanda binding heauinefe for 

■ -i hipe aridlfomnui plerumq, parcm & interrupts firmi* abfurdiffma, turbulenta. corporis tremor, capitis grauedt,flttp m 
<rcs,& vi fanes ante oculos.adveneremprodigi. 1 Ahomarm, Srutl, Pif;Mtmt*!tHS. *>Frequentes kabent oculormni- 

tirci aura, 

fames. Ahqui tamen fixit oculis plerumq, funt. "» Cent. lib. \ . Trgft. 9 . Siptt'b'nus morbifunt plunmni faUm ffrim miim, 
u^thgravedottingkauiHbat^uhmavarivirj&c. lIn?«ntkeoncap. de Mttmkol'ut. 

Part, i « Sed. 3 . Symptomes of the 'Body. Memb, 1 . Subi. i • 

a principal! token,**«4& leaping ofwinde about the skinne^as well as Jlutting, I 
er tripping in Jpeech , ejrc. hollow eyes^ grcjfe veines, and bread hppes. And al« 
though they be commonly leane, hirfme, vnchearefull in countenance, wi- 
thered , and not fo pleafam to bctiold , by reafon ofthofe continual! fearcs, 
griefcs>and vexations; yet their memories arc moft part good, they hauc 
happy wits, and excellent apprehenfions. Their hot and dry braines make 
them they cannot fleepe, Ingentes k&bent & crebrasvigilias(Areteus) 
Mighty and often watchings/omctimes waking for a month, a yeare toge- 
ther. c Hercules Ac Saxonia faithfully averrcth,that he hath heard his mother l^deMe^ 
fweare>me flept not for feaucn months together: T rincavelltus Tom. 2, con f. choiia. 
id. fpeakes of one that waked 5 o dayes^and Skcnkhts hath examples of two *j? lv ™ 
yeares. In naturall actions their appetite js greater then their concoction, Sj'^","^ 
mult a afpetunt,pauca digerunt,asRhafts hath it,they coiiet to eat,but cannot iniomrmtmcn 
digeft. And although they d he eat much, yet they are leane, ill liking , faiths- t ^ t ^ a i./ u f' 
reteus.withered and hardynuch troubled with cofiiuenejfe , crudities, oppila- f^oe'notidm 
tions,fpitting/)elching,&:c. Their pulfe rare and flowe, except it bee ofthc &c. 
« Carotides which is very ftrong; but that varies according to their intended ^^kX*w*~ 
palfions orpertiirbations,asS/r^/Avhathprouedatlargc, SpigmaticA ar- epiftjib.i.crat. 
tislib.q.cap.i j.To fay tnuh,in fuch Chronicle difeafes the pulfe is not much ef f r : , mul r ' atH n 
to be reflected, there being fo much fupcrftition in it ; as f Cr4/^notes,and ^J^metim 
fo manv differences in C?.i/«7?,that he dares fay they may not be obferued, or due>e, totdttfe- 
vnderftpod ofany man. "f^* d J' 

1 heirvpmeis moll part paJe.and low coloured, Vrtnapauca^acrispilicjay ie» 0i ncq.'mei- 
(Aretem jNot much in quantity,butthis in my iudgemet,is all out as vncer- a w?« 
tainc as the other,varying fo often according to fcucral! pcrfons,habits 3 and "ljp/ trua " 
©thcroccafions,ncctoberefpccl:cdinChronicke difeafes. g Their melan- iT.Brigbtcio 
choly excrements in fomc very much, in others little , as the Spleene playes hu *J^' 4 f a ^* 
fart, and thence proceeds wmdcpalpitation of the Hcart,fhort breath,plen- jucbimu in 1 j 
ty of humidity in the fto:nackc,heauineflc ofheart and heart- ake, an intole- 9 ?M li : ldc ™ 
table ftupidity anddulncfle of fpirits. Their excrements or ftoole hard,b'ack fn^nc"" 
to fomc and little. If the heart,brainc,Iiucr,fplene,bee mifarfec~ted,asvfually veimrcm.%. 
they are,many inconueniences proceed from then>, many difeafesaccom* '^J«i • 
pany,as Incubus, h Apoplexy,Epilepfie,Vcrtigo, thofc frequent wakings & me sJZ] 
terrible dreamcs.intempcftiue Iaughing,wecping,(ighing 5 fbbbipg,blufhing modbfim^ 
trcmbling,fweating,fwouning,&c k All their fenfes are troublcd,they think (im 
they fee 5 heare,fmell.and touch 3 thac which they doe nor,as (hall bee proued c it. 
90 the following dife'ourfe. TXimdf 

ken ajjicltt lib, 

SVSSBC. 2 s 3 

Symptomes or fignes itt i be Minder* 

T A ^ CH - An(ls ^* *d Almtnfor. will haue thefe Symptomes* 

f\ to be infinite,as indeed they arc,varying according to the parties,^ 1 jtpbetifm.^ 

[circa is there one of a thousand that dotes alike, Laurentius cap. if* melan. 
Some few of greater note I will point at ; andamongft the reft, Feare and ^Ic^m** 
Sorrow ,\vhi'ch as they arecaufcs,fo if they perfeuere long,according to 1 Wp timffr&piifii* 
picrates m & Galen's Aphonfines, they are moft aflured fignes, infcparablc forf&tih 

Xa (Companion$ 3 ^ w,,r,,tf,>? » 

Part. i.Sed j . Symptomes of Melancholy. McmUi • Sub£2» 

1 60 companions,^ characters of melancholy; Of prefent melancholy,and habi- Mont alt w cap.2r.1nd common to them all,as the faid Hippocra* 
tcsfialen,Aviccnna$L all Ncoterickes hold. But as hounds many times run 
away with a falfe cry, neuer pcrceiuing thcmfclues to bee at a fault, fo doc 
thcy.For.D/<><r/^ofold, fwhom GdtntQvSxxzi) and amongft the /untors t 
tude^MdMcb J HercH ^ es Saxo»ta } take iuft exceptions at this Aphorifmeof Hippocrates^ 
rit!raetjs ti s not alwayes truc^or fo generally to be vnderftood, Feare and Sorrow arc 
i6io.perBoir no common Symptomes to all melancholy {upon morefcrtoui confederation^ 

MiZiHgmis 1 fi ffe ^ e f ome ^ ait h hc ' that Are not fi At *^ Seme indeed are f a ^ afid not fare* 
banc rem wji* fulkfome fearefull,and not fad, fome neither fearefuHytor fad y fome both. Foure 
deranti, pout kinds he excepts/anaticall pcr(bns,fuch as were Caffandra^Manta^Nicofira- 
X^mi£m ^a,CMopfm t Proteu4^ the Sybills, whom* y*r//?<tf/<rconfe{Teth tohaucbecne 
vmon& ti- decpely melancholy, Baptifta Porta feconds him, Phyfiog. Itb.t. cap.S. they 
^Pr'ob lib werc Atr * ^ f ercitt: daemoniacall perfons. and fuch as fpeake ftrange lan- 
guagcs,areof this ranke $fome Poets,fuch as laugh alwayes,and think them- 
fclucs Kings,Cardinals,&c. fanguine they are, & plcafantly difpofed moft 
llpi^Jbiu' P art 5 cont i nuc ' t Baptifla Porta confines Feare & Sorrow to fuch as arc 
wuit'ofiigida coldjbut fach as are Loucrs 5 Sybilles,Enthufiaftes., he wholly excludes: So 
biiu atrajaiidi j nat j thinkc T may trucly conclude.they are not alwayes fad & fcarcfull 4 but 

&tmtdt:at r . , r J . . J m ' , A r f , \. ,. _ , >. 

qui calidi t inge- vlually lo.' and tnat without a cauje 5 timent de non timendis , Gordomust 

ttiofi, amajji, di- qutty momentt non funt ^although not all alike (faith Altomarm) ?yet all li keif 
V fiigatf&T f eare * ^ f ome with an extraordinary and a mighty feare ^Areteus J Many feare 
o Omnet e'*er- death \and yet in a contrary humor jnake away them fe lues, Galen. lib. 3. de Uc. 
tent mtm & affecl. cap. 7 .Some arc afraid that Hcauen will fall on their heads; fomc,they 
'efufa*' & ^ arc ^am ncd,of fhall be. \ They are troubled with fcruples of :onfcience } diflru- 
r Omnei timent fling Go fa merciesjhinkc they fhallgoe certainly to Hell,and make great [amen* 
Imt^mtmidi tAtion J a f on Pratenfo.Vttre of imminent dangcrjloff^difgrace ftill torment 
modJ. fctiui. others,ftc. that they are all glaffe, & therefore will fuffcr no man to come 
Tetrab.Hb.z. necrc them;that they are all corke , as light as feathers *, others as hcauy as 

^fng'emipaua- ^ cac *3 *° m€ arc l ^ c " nca ^ s ^ °^ tneir ^^Wcrs, that they haue 
re trepidant, frogs in their bellics 3 &c. r Mont anus confil. 2 3* fpcakes of one that durfl not 
* MM mmem vfialke alone from horn'', for feare he fhou/d forvne. or die. A fecond f feares every 
fbnpfis mortem be meet es -mil rob htm x quarteilvotthhtm % or kill him. A third dare not 
stn[cifcmt,*Uf venture to walkc alone/or feare he fhould meet the divell,a thecfe,beficke; 
wir * 4 * U ^ carcs a ^ °W women as witches, andeuery dog or cat he fees, he fufpe&eth 
■\Apgitm to be a divell,anotherdarcnot gocoucrabridgecVc.orcome neereapoolc: 
HZ* fc !** u[ s arc* afraid to be burned, or that the « ground will Cinkevnder them, or 
vime mifericor- x J*>*Uow them qutcke y or that the King will call them in que fl ion for fome faft 
A* dtffidenteiy they neuer did (Rhafis cont.J and that theyfballfurely be executedjslhe terror 
fxdllmntml °^ ucn a death troubles them, and they feare as much, and are equally tor- 
$ne dtpbrantes. niented in mind, y (ts they that haue committed a murder, ejr are penfme with- 

f $rdZ7nl~ 9Ut * eau f e ' M *f the y ™ re noy * P re f eml > t0 h p«t to death.Plater.cap.3Je men. 
deficeret. tualienat. they arc afraid of fome loffc, danger, that they fhali furelylofc 
6 MMdmo- their liucs,goods,and all they haue, but why they know not. Trincavelius 
TrmeT^' ""A; 1 ^ib.ihzd a patient that Would necdes make away himfelfe,for feare 
Avkennn. ' of being hanged, & would not bee perfwaded for three v«crcs together but 
8 Mi combat, 75 
ttjfdeRegc.Raj*. « Xeterri abforbeantur. Foreflut. * He tern dtbifcut, G or inn. ? My t'more mmk tentnM,<trmt* 
m gratia pnna^sm futmpt aliauid cQmmtfflti & *i fuftlkim reymi. 


Parti.bcft.j. Symptomes of the mmdc. Memb.i.Subfe, 

that he had killed a man. Plater. obferv At. lib. /. hath two other exampIcs,of iti 
fuch as feared to be exeeuted without a caufc. If they come in a place where 
a robbery, or any offence hath bjn done, they prefently fcarc they arc fufpe- 
&ed,and many times betray thcrafelues without a caufc. Lewes the //.the 
French King/ufpc&ed euery man a traitor that came about him, durft trult 
no m an . ^dlij formidolofi omnium ^lij quorundam . ( Fracaftontu lib, 2. de In* 
telle ft '.J 2 - fome fear e all dike \fome certaine men , & cannot endure their com- *Aim domt. 
panies,are fick in them ,orifthey be from home. Some fufpc& treafon (till, faosmtt y aVtm 
others Are afraidof their dearefiandneareji friend. ( Melahelius eValeno, T%!^%' t 
Rufo,v£tioJ and dare not be alone in the darke, for feare of hobgoblins and mfubat. Xunl. 
divels: he fufpe&s euery thing he hearcs or fees to be a divell, & imagineth f r '^ 
a thoufand Chimeras & virions $ another dares not be feene abroad, c loue$ iiue'lariffi- 
darknejfe as lifc,and cannot endure the light to fit in lightforoe places, his m -M 
hat ft ill in his cycs,hc will neither lee ,nor be feene by his goodwill, Hippo- dfamtntfmet 
Antes Ith de Injania & MelancholiaMc dare not come in company for feare 1 Mc m hem 
he fhould be mifufed or difgraced, or ouerihoot himfclfe in gefture or fpee- F odi ' e * imet > 
ches 5 or be fickc ,he thinkes euery man obicrues him, or aimes at him,derides rh>c ttti 
him.oweshim malice. Moft part d they are afraid \they arebevp itched^ foffef ^'gmofa fitgit, 
fedjorpoifonedby their enemies, and fomctirncs they fufpecl: their neereft \fjp^Jfa 
friends; he thinkes fomethwgfpexkes or talkes Within him^er to him , and bee ftiritm *bi. 
belchctbcfthepeifon. chrtflophorvt aVtgxhb.i.tay.i. had a Patient fotfou- mmicit ?' ne f>- 
blcd,that by no perfwafion or Pnyfick.hecould be reclaimcd.Some arc afraid tiQnibmfbTfZ 
that they fhall haue euery fearefull difcafe they fee others haiie, heare of, or taut obie£iari p 
readc^and doe not therefore hearc or read of any fuch {ubiect, nonotofmc- 
lancholy it fclfc,left by applying to thefeitics that which they heare or read, nefcmfJr,™" 
they fhould aggrauate & incrc ifcit. If they fee one poflcfledjbcwitch'd, or J'f'P^&de 
anEpileptick Paroxilme, amanfhakingvviththepalfy , or giddy-headed, Zb7lZdtm 
reeling or (landing in a dangerous place &C: for many dayes after it runnes idem Montai- 
jn their mindes^thcy are afraid they fhall be fo too, they are in like danger,as ^J^'* 1, 
?fr£//w^.^^#.a:wellobferuesinhis Cafes of Confcience,and many J}™ ' 
times by Imagination they produce it. They cannot endure to fee any terri- TraHknm nh 
bIeobie6t 3 asaMonfter, a man executed, a carcafc, or heare thediuellna- 
med jOr any Tragicall relation, but they quake for itwjlccates (omniarefibi 
videntur (Lucian ) they dreamc of hobgoblins, & cannot get it out of their 
mindes a long tiitwe after: they apply fas I haue faidj all they hcarc,fec,rcad, *^!l7o%'lh 
to themfelues; as c Felix Plater notes of fome yongPhy fitians,that ftudying met, mfiqucd 
to cure difeafes, catch them themfclucs, & will be fickc , & appropriate all ^Mic!!"'" 
fymptomes they find related of others, to their owneperfons. Generally of i-.timeotmex, 
them all, de in ambus femfer conquer untur , & t/ment, faith Areteus\ they mt ffi ca »f* 
complainc of toyes and feare/ without a caufe. As really tormented & per- S^iSs* 
plexed for toyes & triflesf fuch things as they will after laugh at thcrnfclues) 
as if they were moft materiall & eflentiall matters indeed, worthy to be fea- l^i'^J^ 
rcd,& will not be fatisned.Pacifie them with one,they are inftancly troubled vi^mtrra-\ 
With fome other feare, alwayes afraid of fomething, which they foolifhly i- tionemfemyer 
magine or conceiue to themfclucs.troubled m mind vpon euery fmall occa- f^jf^J^ 
fion,ftilIcomplaining,grieuing,vexing/uipecl:ing 5 d>fcontcnt,8icannotbe optimefigerunt 
freed fo long as melancholy endureth. Yet for all this,as S lacchinus notes, 
in allother things tbejAU wfcjflayed, Jifcrcet, Andd*t^>nothing'vnbefee~ temtmnittm 

* Ittfiiesam 

Part i.Se&.j, Symptomes of melancholy. Memb.i.Subf.i, 

Itfa wing their drgmty^perfon^ or place, thisfoolijh , ridtculotu andchtldijbfeare 
excepted, which fo much , fo continually tortures and crucifies their foulcsj 
and jo long as Melancholy laftctb,cannot be avoided. 

Sorrow is that other Character, & infeparablc companion,/^/ Achates, 
as all Writers \vitnes,a common fymptome, a continiiall,& ftill without a- 

* A'tomrui n y evident cau fc 3 h mxrtnt omnes % ejrjtroges cos redder e caufAm^ son pojfunt, 
^nfmi? 1 "' gluing ftil),but why,they cannot tell: they looke as if they had newly "come 

forth oiTrophoniw den. And though they laugh many times, & feeme to be 
extraordinary merry (as they will by fits,; yet extreme lumpifhagaine in 
an inftant,dull & heavy, jemcl&fimul^ merry and fad, but moft part fad: 

• mm. E'l.i. i si quapUant ^abeunt^immicA tenacius h&rent, forrow ftickes by them ftill, 
*OvM.Mct.\. continually gnawing, as the vulture did k Tttius bowels, and they cannot a- 

vnide it. No fooner are their eyes open, but after terrible and troublefomc 
dreames,their heavy hearts beginne to figh : they are dill fretting, chafing, 
He&utontimoi umenoi yvtin^ themfckies, 1 difquieted in mind, with reftlefie, 
vnquictthoughts.difcontenr, either for their owne,other mens,orpublickc 
arTaires,fiich as concerne them northings pzft.Lugubru <^dte frownes vpon 
them 5 m Co much 5 that Aretem well cals it, angorem&nimi, a vexation of the 
mind. They can hardly be pleafed, or eafed, though in other mens opinion 

» mr jj C( j e , m oft happy, goe,tarry ,run,ride, m pofl equitem fedet a, ra cur a: they 

cannot avoide this ferall plague.Iet them come in what company they will, 
» yk&, n hsret Lteri lethalu arundo , as a Deere tha: is (truck , the griefc remaines: 
the feare^t irturejcarcjlcloufie.fwfpinon, &c .* and they cannot, be relieued. 

• Maud. He- $° he complained in the Poet. 

mtirrtt, M. u Domum rev er tor m£ftws } xt^animo fere 

fi» iu PerturbAto, atq ; incerto pr<t <egritucline y 

K_yddfido .oceurrunt.fervi foe cos dctrabufft: 

Video altos fejiinAre, leilos fiercer <l^ 3 

Canam apparare, pro fe quifq, fedufo 

Tteiebantj quo Mam lenirent miftriAtn. 
He came home forrowfiill 3 and troubled in his mind, his {eruants did all they 
pofiibly could to^onc pulled of his focks, another made ready his 
bed 3 another his fupper, all did their vtmoft endeavours to eafe his griefe,, & 
to exhilarate him,but he was profoundly melancholy, he had loft his fonne, 
iUudangebat y his paine could not be remoued. Hence % proceedesmany 
*t4i\mwi*i times,that they are weary of their lines, udium vita is a; common fymp- 
tomc,tardA fluuntjngrAtafe temporary ar foone tired with all things, they 
will now tarry mow begone; now pleafed,thcn againe difpleafed, now they 
like 5 byandbydiflikeall,wcaryofall,/^^/^r nunc vivendi, nunc moriendt 

* Attemvus. eu pido, faith Aurelianmjih. i .cap, .but moft part P vitam damnant, difcon- 

tent, difquieted, perplexed vpon euery light, or no occafion, obic£b often 
<s Seiuu. tempted to make away themfelues; <1 Vivere nolunt jnori nefctunt^ they can- 
not die,they will not Hue; they complainc, wecpe, & lament, & thinke they 
lead a moft miferablc hfe,efpeeially if they be alone,idle,& parted from theit 
ordinary company, or moleflcd, difpleafed, prouoked; griefc, fearc, difcon- 
tcnt,fufpition,or fome fuch paflion forcibly feizeth on them. Yet by-and by 
when they come in company againe, which they like , or be pleafed, fum 
fcntentiAm rurfui dAmnantj& vittfoUtio dcfctfantur 9 a,s Qftuvius HorAttA* 


Part.i.Sc&.j. Symptomes of the mmde. Memtu.Subfo. 

nus obfcrucs ltb.2,cap.f. they condcmnc their former diflike, and arc well I63 
pleafed to liue. And fo theycontinuc^till with fomefrcthdifcontent thev be 
molefted againe, and then they are weary of their liucs , they will dve, and 
(hew rather a ncccirity to Iiue,then adefire./*/.Ce/«r Claudius con/lj^h.d 
a Polontan to his affe&ed, that through feare and forrow, with tL m&fm* 
which hec was ftill difquieted , hated his owne life , wiftied for death cucry ulTmTm^ 

Tiioment,and to be freed of his mifery. mortem fibipt- 

, utam 


Sufpition ,and Ieloufle, are general! Symptomes : they are commonly dif 
iftfull,apt to miftake,jW/f /rafcrbilesy f tefty,petcifh,pecuifli and ready to babet 
fliarlc vpon cucry * fmalloccaiion, cum amiczpmis^a^ without a caufe, da- Su1 i' ltio ». 
turn vet non datum jt will befcandalum acceptum. If two talke together, and t Fatili^ntm 
whifper, ieft, or tell a talc in generally hec thinks prefently they mcane him, wdimt. Am* 
applycsri\toh\mfc\k,--defeputatownzadici. Or if they talkc with him, I '^ ( f'' e 
he is ready to mifconftcr cuery word they fpeak, interpret it to the worft, swawoi*' 
he cannot endure any man to looke fteedily on him , fpeaketohimalmoft. P ra tt-w'<*< 


laugh 3 jeft 3 orbefamiliar 5 orhcm, or pointjCough, or fpit, or ma'keanoyfe / gmm 
fometimes &c. u He thinkes they laugh,or point at him, or doe it in difgrace »« t&}.Fen.u 
of liim,circumventhim,contemne him ; heispalc 3 red 5 fwcatsforfearc and 
anger,left fome body fhould obferue him. He workes vpon it, and long af- /&" ' eM * 
ter, tins falfe conceipt of an abufe^troubles him. Montanm confiL 22. giues 11 
inftance in a melancholy ]ew,that was fo wafpifli and fufpitious. tarn facile der 'l M ^ m ? t0 ' 

1 ij li t. 1 • r , r . , . 1 J mota.CratoepiJt 

irAtu$\\\2X no man could tell now to carry nimielie in hb comp my. info Akxan-^ 

Inconftant they arc in all their actions , vnapt to refolue of any bufineflc, dnm con f' l8 ** 
they will 5 and will not,perfwaded to and fro vpon cucry fmall occafion, or Inconftancy, 
wordfpoken: and yet if once they bcrefblued^bftinarCjhard to be reconci- 
led, if they abhorrcjdiflike^ordiftaftc, if once fettled, though to thebettct by no counfcll or perfwafion to be remoued. Yet in mod things wa- 
uering,vnab!e to deliberate, through fcare,faciunt,dr mox faclipcemtet (A* 
retew ) avari^rjrpaulb poU prodigi. Now prodigall, and then co vetousj they 
doe,and by-and-by repent them of that which they haue done_, foon weary, 
and ftill feeking change, erected and deiccled in an infant 5 animated to vn* 
dertake,and vpon a word fpoken againe difcouraged. 

Extreame faponnte, Quicquidvolunt 7 valdevolunt \ and what they dc Paffionacc, 
fire,they doe moft furioufly fceke: cnvious^nalitious, covetous, muttering, 
repining difcontcntjpeeviflij/^r/rfr^/^f^pronc to revenge^and moft 
violent in all their Imaginations , not affable in fpeech, or apt to vulgar co- 
plement, but furly, dul! ,fad, auftcre; held therefore by fomc, loft, fottifh,or 
halfe the Abderites cftecmed of Democritm : and yet of a deep reach, 
excellent apprchenfion, iudicious 5 wifeand witty: for I am of that f Noble- 1 KmnJi 
mansminde, Melancholy advanceth mens conceipt s \ more then any humour "M'df"* 
tvhatfieuer.lhcy arc of profound iudgment in fome things, although in o- 
thevs y non retTc indicant inquieti ,faith Fracafior'mlib,2,de InteU. And as Ar» 
€uUnusfap,i6 % in p.Rbafs jtcivmcs it, Iudiciumplerum^perverfum i corrupts 
eum/udicant honefia^nhonefia-y & amicitiamhabent pro inimicitia: They 
count honefty ; di(honefty* friends as enemies; they will abufe their beft 
fricnds,and dare not offend their enemies.Cowards moft part,^ id infer en- 
dam iniuriam timid/fimifaith Cardan Itbj.cap.AoMrcrum varietat .Loth 
to offend 5 and if they chance co ouer-ftsoot thcmfclucs in word, or deed, 


Paru.Scdtj • Symptomes of Melancholy. Mcmb.i . Subf^ 

164 they arc miferably tormented, and frame a thoufand dangers and inconvcnU 
ences to themfelues/Ar mufed elephant urn Monet they conceit it: Yet again, 
many of them defperat hairebraines^afti, carelcfle, fit to be Aflafinates , as 
iTraftdenet being voidc of all Fearc and Sorrow, according to j Hercules de Saxonia, 
tap*. ' Mojl audacious ^and [tub as dire rvalke alone in the night, through defarts and 
ambulant per dangerous places, fearing none^>. They are prone to loue^ and * eafie to be ta« 
feM^ni ken . Propenfi ad amor em & excandefcentiam/ Mont alt u* cap. 2 i )quickly ina- 
mmmimtnt. morcd,and dote vpon all; loueonedearely, till they fee another, and then 
Ahom'™*"*' ^ otc 011 ner ^ hanc,dr hanc^&illa/? omnes. Yet fome again cannotendure 
Amorou*. the fight of a woman ,abhorrc the fcxe, as that fame melancholy y Duke of 
y iodine. Mufcovy^lm was inftantly ficke, if he came but in fight of them : and that 
ti!p*tri!m.'}£ z AnchoritCjthat fell into a cold palfie, when a woman was brought before 
xoi.vauiiu him. 

Abbxs &£*f4 Humorous they are beyond all mt&Cutcjnultd abfurda finvuntA' * rrtiont 
perfcverat,ut alien*/ j Frambejarms ) they faigne many ablurdities, voice 01 realon; 
necveftem, nee one fuppofethhimfelfetobeaDog^Cock^Bearc^Horre.GlairepSutter&c. 
™tfem™ojjitl' ^ e * s a Giant,a Dwarfe,as ftrong as an hundred men,a Lord, Duke, Prince, 
&c &c. And if he be told he hath a (linking breath.a great nofc,that he is fick,oc 

cwfuiThb 1 mc ^ ne ^ t0 ^ ucn or ^ l,cn a difeafejhe beleeues it ef cfoones, and by force of U 
n.cwf. " magination,will workcitout. Many of them are immoueable, and fixed ia 
their conceipts^others vary vpon eueryobiecT:,heard or feene. If they fee a 
StagC 'play,they run vpon that a weeke after jif they heareMufick,or fee dan* 
« r cing,they haue nought but Bag-pipes in their Brainej if they fee a combat, 

as they are tnc y arc a H f° r armcs. a if abufcd,an abufe troubles them long after; ifcrof- 
plcafed or diC- fed,that crolfe &c. ReftlefTe in their thoughts, and continually meditating, 
thc^continu^ ^ ut *g r ifi m w d > van * Finguntur JpeciesMorclike drezmzrs^then men a- 
allcogitatios, \vzkc y cogittttiones fomniantibtts (jmile$, id vigilant, quod alijfomniant cogittt- 
Sn^fin^ btmku SiiWfohh Av/cenna 3 thzy wake, as others drcame, andfuchfor the 
b' omeTtxer- m0 ^ P art aye ine ' E Imaginations and conceits, b abfurd,vainc,foolifh toyes, 
ma vtrn'jn- yet they are c mpft curious and follicitous continually fupra modum^Rmfis 
^oVtlioMi 11 COf3f -^.r.cap.p . frtmcditantur de aliqua re. As ferious in a toy,as if it were a 
imcNo.'-BtU' moft neceflary bufines,of great moment, and ftill, flill, ftill thinking of it: fa- 
ep& ajjtdu*. viant in fe } macerating themfelues.Though they do talke with you ,& fcem 
bJrinimU.*' to DC otherwifeimployed, & to your thinking, very intent & bufie, ftill that 
Areteus. toy runnes in their mind, that feare 3 that fufpition, that abufe^that vexation, 
uif' l,deln ' that caftle in the ayre,that pleafant waking dreame whatfoeuer it is. Necin* 
* Hoc mclm- terrogant ( faith d Fracaflorius )nec interrogate recTe rejpondent* They do not 
zMKuomnibm much heed what you fay their mind is on another matter 5 askc what you 
qttcKfemdima* will ? they do not attend. Tis proper to all melancholy men, faith c Men*- 
ginationes vaide rialis cofil.i 1 .what conceit they haue once entertainedjo be mofi intent {uioltnt y 
ncepermty non co „tinually about it. Invitis occur rlt y doe what they may^they cannot be 
fedhtetumvd rid or lt^gamit their wills they muit thmke of it a thoufand times ouer, Per* 
invitk femper p e tuo moleHanturjtec ablivtfci pojjuntfhcy arc contin ually troubled with it, 
"nuimdtfen. in co m P an yjO"tofcompany5 at meat,atcxcrcife,ar all times &: places, \no* 
deftnunt ea^ux minime voluntycogitarejiit be offeafiue efpecially, they can- 
not forget it. 

S %cfp'^' £ Crat0 -^ Laure ^ us ^ Ferneliusjpn bafhfulnefTc for an ordinary fymp- 
EaMu incOc. tomejubrufticus pudorpi vitiofm pudcr, is a thing which much haunts and 


PartJ ,Se£t 3 . Symptoms of the mtnde. Memb, 1.6 ubu. 

torments them though fome on the other fidef according to h FracaJloriw) 1^5 

bztnverecundi &pcrtinaces, impudent and pecuifh. Moft pare they are kL ft*-&J*° 

very ihamefaft: & that makes them with FctMefenfts^chripphcr Vr(mck y UVt 

and many fuch, to rcfiife honours^fficc^Sc preferments, which fometimes 

fall into their monthes,they cannot fpeak or put forth themfclucs as others 

can, timor hos^pudor impedit iitos, timoroufnefle and balhfulnefle hinder 

their proceedings. For that caufe they feldomc viUte their friends, except 

fome familiars? pauctloqui^fevj words,& fometimes wholly filent 3 f Fram- 

bejArim a Frenchman 3 had two fuch Pmcnts^mmtfo taciturncs^aixi friends * 

could not get them to fpeake: of fmall,or nocomplemen^vnfociablc, hard 

to be acquainted with^cfpccially of Grangers; they had rather write their 

mindesjthen fpeake,and aboue all things lone Solitarinejp. Ob voluputem, 

an oh timer em (elsfunt? Are they fo folitary for pleafure ('one askes Jos s °fa*«nefi<° 

painci for both: yet I rather thinke for fcare and forrow &c» 

* Hint metuunt, cupiuntfc dolentjfugiuntfy nec auras ' V#g.&n. 

Rejp ctuni ckuft tenebru, & car cere caco. 

Hence'tis they grictie and fcare. avoiding light* 

And (hut them (clues in prifon darkc from f«ghr a - 
A s Better ophon in k Homer, * Jl. t* 

Qui mijer in fylvU mcerens err ah At opacify 
Jpfe frntm cor tdens^hominum vejlig/a vitAn$ 4 

That wandered in die woods fad all 'alone* 

Forfak'ng mens focicty, making great nioanc- 
They delight in woods and watcrs,de&rt places,to walke alone in orchards^ ' y * mlum *r 
Gardens,pnvatc walke$J>acke-lancs,averfe from company , as Diogenes in ^"mlhZ; 
his tub,or T mon Mifanthrop m 3 thcy abhorrc all company at laft,cuen their &f»lit*m fe- 
ncerelt acquaintance^ d moft familiar friends, confining them fehics whol- mt " 
Jy to their Chzmncvs, fugiunt homines fine cmfaf faith Rbajts)& cdio habent y 
(ont.l b.i.c ip q\i was oneofthechiefefireafous , why the Citizens of Ab- 
dera ufpected Demosritut to be melancholy and mad ; becaufe that as Hip- 
pocrates related in his Epiftle to PhiUpcemenes^ m heforfo&ke the Citty , and It- m Vwocrltu* 
u-ci tn groues and hollow trees, or vpon agreem banke by a brooke flde 3 or ionflu- ^/'j? * 
ence of waters ill day long.and all night. Qjt.e quidem (Taithhe, 1 plurimum atra gvcjfetwq, ' 
bile vexeitts i & melancholicu eveniunt fefcrta frequent Ant 3 bominum^ con cutm mfteiun- 
gteffumaverfantur. D Which is an ordinary thing with melancholy men. 
The iA.gyftiani therefore in their Hiereglyphickes } exprefted a melancholy bm,veiintene. 
man by a Hare fitting in her forme, as being a moft timorou s and folkary b ^f^ 1 ^ 
creaturc,/VVr//# Utercglyph lib. 12. But this,and all precedent fymptomes, quorum crebrai 
are more or lelTe apparcnt,as the humor is intended or remitted,hardly per- qfatajka- 
ceinedinfome,or nor at all.moft manifeft in others. To fpeake in a word, ^caudet tmi- 
there is nothing fo vainc,abfurd,ridicnlous, extravagant, impo&We, incre- Wu.dUur^do* 
dible fo monftrolis a Chymcra,fo prodigious and ftrange, fuch as Painters ^ a ^ ^ 
and Poets durft not attcmpt.which they will not really feare, faine, fufpeft, & fahu* f*m 
and imagine vnro them (clues: All extreamcs,contrarieties, andcontradiclv- ^J 7 ^ 1 ^^ 
ons^nd chat in in finite vmctics^MeUncbolici plane incredibtlia fibiferfu*-* paferfiiitarius 
Aentjit vtx ommbw f*cnlis duo refer ti fint 3 qui idem imaginati fint 3 Erafiu4 de in tmfb. 
LamifsScarie two of two thoufand, thatconcurrc in the fame fymptomesj 1*^*^™* 
butasiaaRiuerwcfwiromcinthcfameplace, though not in the fame nt»- m^pg^ 

Y ' raerkall 

Part.1. Se&.$. Symptomes ofMelanchty, Memb.i .Subf 3* 

\ \i6 mericall water: as the fame Jnftrumcntaffordcsfciicraillcflons a fo the fame 
difcafe yceldes diuerfity of fymptomess which howfocucr they bee divcrfe, 
intricate,and hard to be confined,! will adventure yet in fuch a vaft confufi. 
on and generality ,to bring them into fomeorder 5 and fo defcend to parti- 



Particular Symptomes from the influence of Starr es f 

Parts of the Body y 4nd Humours. • 

Omemen hauc peculiar Symptomes, according to their tempera" 
mcnt and Cr/Jis, which they hauc from the Statres and tbofeccldhall 
influences,variety ofwits and difpofirions,as Anthony Zara. contends, 
An at. ingen. feet. i. memb* 1 4. flurimum irritant influent i& c<el(Bes t 
t ' vnde cientur animi £gritudines &morbi corporttm P One laith,diucrledilea- 
' ^ 1,mmb ' les of the bqp'y and minde proceed from their influences , r as 1 haue already 
proued out of Ptolomy, Pontanus, Lcmniu>s ^Cardan, and others, as they arc 
principallfignificatorsofmaners^difeafesjmutuai'y irradiated, or Loidsof 
the geniture,&c. Ptolomeu* in his centiloquy, or Hermss^or vvhofoeuer elic 
the author of that Tra6t,attributes all the fe fymptomcs,wh'ch are in melan« 
choly men to cekmall influences: which opinion Mtrcuri.tlu de ajfeftMb.i. 
ipfrebcwUJl. ca P J r 0.reiec't.S}but as I fay/ Iovianm Pontanus^nd others ft lfly defend. That 
fifc10.ay.13. fomearefolitary^dulljhea'vyjchurliflvfomeagaineblithjbiixome^ightjand 
merry , they afcribe wholy to the ftarrei'. As xiSnturne be predominant in his 
* JM indagi- natumy,and caufe Melancholy in his temperature, then 1 hee (hall bee very 
*t>GQciemni. a u frere 5 fullen,churlifli blackc ofcolour.profound in his cogitations, full of 
cares,mifcries, and difcontents, fad andfearefullyilwaiesfilcntjfolitary, mil 
delighting in husbandry, in Woods, Orchards, Gardens, Riuers.Pondes, 
Pooles,darke wajkes and clofe* Cogitationes funt v e lie adiflc xre \v 'tile ar bores 
p/antare^agros colerej&c.Gatch Birds,Fifhes,&c.aod ftilcontriuing and me- 
ditating of fuch matters. Xilupiter domineirs 3 they are more ambiiious,ftiiI 
meditating of kingdomes,ma^iftracies,offices,honors,or that they aicPrin* 
ces,Potentates,and how they would carry themfelues oVc. If Mars jhey are 
all for warres, brauecombats, Monomachies , tefty, cholericke, harcbraine, 
rafh 5 furious,and violent in their a&ions.They wil faine themfelues Victors, 
Commanders 5 are paflionatc and fatyricall in their fpecches, great braggers, 
ruddy of colour. If the Sunne they will be Lords, Emperotirs, in conceipt at 
leaft,&Monarch$ ; giueOr1ices,Honours,&c.lfA?«w,thcyare ftill courting 
of their miftrefles & moftapt to loue.amoroufly giuen,they fee me to hcare 
muficke,plaies a fee fine pi6l:urcs,dancers, merriments 3 and the like: Euer in 
loue.and dote on all they fee. Mercurialifls are folitary , much in contem- 
plation,fubtile,Pocts,Philofophers, and muling mod part about fuch mat- 
jers. If the Moonehzue a hand,they are all for peregrinations, fca voyages, 
much affected with trauells,to di{courfe,read, meditate of fuch things^ wan- 
dering in their thoughts,divers,much delighted in watcrs,to fifti , fowle,&c 
But the moft immediate Symptomes proceed from the Temperature it 
£elfe,and the Organicall parts 3 as Hcad^ Liuer , Splcenc, Mcferiacke Veincs, 


Part.i.Se&. j. Symptomes fromftarres, bumours&c. Memb.i. Sut>£ 3 * 

Hcart,Wombe a Stomacke,&c. and moft specially from diftemperature of ) by 
Spiritsfwhich as \ Saxonia contcnds,are wholy immaterial ;orfrom t^w.* 
the foure humours in thofc feats whether they bee hot or co!d > r>aturalI > vn- m * n ° 
naturall,innate or aducntitious.intended or remitted , fimple or mixt, and 
their diverfc rnixturesjand feuerall aduftionsjcombinations, which may bee 
asdiverfly varied,astho(e^ foure firft qualities in x Clavius , and produce "Mumidum^ca* 
as many feucralLSymptomes and monftrous fictions as wine doth effects, h ^£ Hjimi 
whichas Andreas Bachius ob fetucs lib. 3 Je vino cap. 20. ate m&nke. Thofe *cem.ini.ejf, 
of greater note be thefe. uhannu & sd. 

If it be natural! Melancholy ,as T. Bright cap, id. hath largely defer ibed,e!» **' 
ther of the Spleene,or of the vcinesjfaulty by eXcelfe of quantity,or thicknes 
of fubftance,it is a cold and dry humour } as Mont&nus'. the 
parties are fad,timorous,and fearefull. Proffer Catenas in his booke dej atri 
bile willhaue them to be more ftupid then ordinary 3 cold,heavy ,«hill,(blita- 
tyAti%g\(h>Si?HHltamatram bilemejr frigidamhabent. Hercules de Saxon?*' 
txp.i6dib.-j 7 vtiltbaue thefe that Arc naturally melancholy , to be of a leaden co* j si reflet me* 
lour or blackest fo will Guianerius cap.j.trafi. j j. and fuch as thinke them- ^fjf? 
felues dead many times,ifitbein exceife. Thcfc Symptomes vary accor- bticoitru\ut 
ding to the mixture of thofe foure humours adull, which is vnnaturall Me- "j&>iJ*pidi : f<>* 
lancholy. For as Trallianus hath written cap. 16Mb. 7. * There u not one caufe l "^"„' vm wgm 
of this Melancholy \nor one humour xchich begets it y but divers diucr fly inter- imloii* can/a 

mixt from whence proceeds this varietie of Symptomes, And thofe varying a- t ^ r>ecvyimhu " 
gaine as they are hor or cold. a Cold M elan choly({i\\\\ Bene die \ Vittortus Fa* ftdpkre'f&a* 
*ventinus prac7.mag.)ls a caufe of dotage ^and more milde Symptomes, if bote or l,Ui all,<r r,!Ma " 
more adufl, of more violent papons,an<i furies. Fracapr'ius lib. 2. deintelkfi, ^T^taZ 
will haue vs to cOnfider well ofir, b rvtth what kindeof Melancholy every one fentimtfyinp^ 
is troubled for it mtleh availes to knowe itjnc is enraged by feruent heat^ arte- fa- 
ther is poffeffedby fad andcold, one u fearefull, foawefa H j the other impudent dus7ctir,itlhfa 
and boM. As Aiax, Arma rapit ftp er of % fur ens in prxlia pofcit ; qu ite mad or ht<mor . 
tending to madnefle. /Vaw bos nunc impetit illos. Bellercphou on the Other vSSfc^ 
fide, foils err at mate fanus in agris ^ wanders alone in the woods, onede- fettquaquify 
fpaires,wccpcs,and is weary of his life,another hughes, &c. All which vari- mlanch f tli * 
ety proceeds from the feuerall degrees of heat and cold, which f Hercules de 
Saxonia will haue wholly proceed from the diftemperature of (pints alone, %tta?,itimfa 
animall cfpecially,and thofe immatcriall, the next and immediate caufes of ^fintinii- 
MclanchoIy,as they are hot,colde,dry , moid, and from their agitation pro- S,m mumc*- 
ceeds that diucrfity of Syrnpromes,whtch he reckons vp, in the fig. cap. of 
his Tract of Melancholy, and that largely through every part. Others will TratilcMd: 
haue them come from the divers ad uftion of the foure numours, which in mtiln* 
thk vnnaturall melancholy 3 by corruption of blood,aduft choler. or melan- ( H^^ xmcKi : 

ti ii / s> j-rt rr 1 • ^ r pme&aytatu 

choly natural!, * byexceffmc dtltemper of heat ^ turned jn compartfon of the^j mjphfatmji. 
naturall.into ajharpe lye by force of idujlion, caufe according to the diver fit ie^> ni mat ™*' 
#/ their matter finer fe andflrange Symptomes ^hich T. Bright reckons vp in \ ^frcatM. 
his following chapter. So doth <* Arculanus^ according to the foure princi- ?Am*.** 
pall humours ado(V,and many others. ^Brighten 

For example , if it proceed from flea gme y ( which is fcldomc and not fo t Praa, main. 
frequent as the rci\J e it ftirrcsvp dull Symptomes, and akindeofftupidity, ^mwns^igen 

impaflionatc hurt: they arc flccpy, faith f Sauanorolafiullfio w^cold^bloo ™ Wo 

Part. i.Scd j . Symptomes of Melancholy. Memtxi . Sub( 

1 6 8 kifajZffcAikeydfiw/ram melancholiam^ § Melantthon calls it, they are muchgi* 
* De anima. ven to wepingfnd delight in w iters, ponds Jooles, riucrsjijbing, fowling, 
tapjehmmji ejrc( ' ^drnoldusbrcv'tar.i .cap. iS) They arc h pale of colour, flowe, apt to 
fm^tmTqm fl{ ? c P c > hc * vv 3 much troubled with head-acb> contiouall meditation, and 
ferefimt& cir< muttering to themfelues,theydreameofwaters, k that they are in danger of 
afUvinjb* drowning,and feare fuch things, Rkajis. They are fatter then others that arc 
rantmu tum> me j anc } 10 | Vj p a i cr) of a muddy complcxion.apter to fpit, 1 fleep,morc trou- 
k Pigranafcitur bled with rheumc then the reft,and haue their eyes ftill fixed on the ground. 
% C dboHulti ^ UC ^ 3 P a " cnt na( * c*l es deSaxcniajk widdowe in Fen tee , that was fatte 
desaximia. ' and very fleepy ftill. Chriftophorm a Vega another affected in the fame 
^savamoia. fo rt> xf it be inveterate or violent, the Symptomes are more evident , they 
reinfi'LTlub- plaincly dote and are ridiculous to others,in all their geftures^&ions^ee- 
mergrtiment, ches; I magining impoflibilities, as he in Chrifophortu a Vega. , that thought 
fiZt^&jh- ^ C was a ^ ,nnc of winc, m and that Siennoisfhut refolued with himlelfe not 
liosammttaies to piflTe,for feare he fhould drowne all the townc. 
tAiexand. cap. • Ifit proceed from blood aduft, or that there bee a mixture of blood in ir, 
J temper feri n f uc ^ are commonly ruddy of :omplexion t and high coloured, accord ing to Sa- 
domit fomno- luJt.SalmanM&vA Hercules de Saxonia. And as Savanarola^Tittorius Faucn- 
t™ taxa P- 1 6 - timts Emper. farther adde,° the veinet of their eyes bee red } as well m their fa. 
m 'iwcMius ces. They are much inclined to langhter,witty and merry ,conccipted indif. 
*Cap.6&ml. courfc^leafantjifthcy be not farre gone, much giuen to mufickc, dancing, 
vmk"ube7o\- anc * to be * n womens company. They meditate wholly on fuch things , and 
calorum &fad- thinke P they fee or heare plates y dancing,and fuch like fports{ktz from al feare 
iijimmwi n- a nd forrow,as Hercules de Saxonia fuppofeth.)lf they be more ftrongly pof. 
^Verue oculo- tms kinde of melancholy , Arnold™ adcics^reviarM. /, cap. 

YttmfHnu-ubr* Like him ot Argus in the 4 Poet, that fate laughing all day long , as if he had 
vjdean ?r f ceffe~ beene at a Theatre. Such another is mentioned by r Ariflotle , liming at Aby- 
^sa. towne ofAfia minor jh. at would fit after the fame fafhion^s ifhee had 
fequem baine- beene vpon a ftage,and fometimcs ad himfclfc, fometimes clap his handes, 
b\ T xf'T P 7: and I«ugh,as if he had beene well pleafed with the fight, mlfiu* relates ofa 
cejp'nt mora ? country fellow called BrunfeUius, fubicct to this humour, f Thatbeingby 
^pRidet i ' c ^* nce at 4 f ermon i{ AW * woman fall off from a forme halfe afleepe y at which ob- 
ft 4 fangmtZ. te ^ mo fl °f^ e company laughed \but he for hti part&asfi much moued, that for 
ut fe vidcre three whole dayes after he did nothing but laugh y by which meanes he was much 
mdlrtiJdof&c WM^djMd worfe a long time following. Such a one was old Sophocles^ and 
t cap i Trail. Democritus himfelfe had hilar e delirium^ much in this vaine. Laurentius cap. 
d *Hor?ifi nb ^w^Ar.thinkcs this kind ofmclancholy, which is a little aduft with fomc 
l"Jdl P m bnud mixture of blood, to be that which Ariftotle meant, when he faid mclancho- 
ignobii* ArgU, ly men ofall others are moft witty, which caufeth many times a diuincra- 
dereb viftiment.and a kinde of Enthufiafmus , which ftirreth them vp to bee excel* 
par. lentPhilofophcrs,Pocts,Propnets,&c.^r^r/4/ftf conftl.u <*.giues inftancc 

(cumintacoH- j n a youne man his patient, fanguinc melancholy," of a peat wit indexed- 
L^»i Untly learned. 

fubreUiocdderet, Ifit arife from choler aduft , they are bold and impudent, and of a more 
&matireiiqui h a i re brainc difpofition, x apt to quarrelLand thinkc of fuch thincs , battles, 
riderm, trib.-u combats,of their niannood,runous, impatient m difcourfc, ftirTc, irrefraga- 
fo§ dUbHs,&c. fri c anc j prodigious in their tcncnts,and if they be moucd, moft violent, out- 

t InftmiaUttt. r o / * ' 

"luvew ingem'i&nn vulgarit erudition* *Si* (hM t fm\mdi } }mirfidmtfe&alsQS^Htantfi vidcre pugta. 


Part.r.Se&.j, Symptomes of the minde. Memb.i.Subf^.. 

ragious,ready todifgraccprgvokeany, to kill rhemfeliies and others j ^r- ; 6'p 

noldus addcs,ft arkc mad by h\sjhey fleepe little jheir vrine is (ubtile and fiery. 1 V' m * f 

(Guianerius.)In then fits you fha/lheare them Jpeake all manner of languages , ^"J**"* 

H:brew, Greeke and Latinejbat neuer were taught or knewe them before* Ap* 

ponenfisincoman i.Prob.fec.joSpc&s cfa madwoman tharfpakc excellent 

good Latinc; and tf^yk knewe another, that could prophecy in her fit, and 

foretell things truely to come. 1 Gu'tan>rius had a patient could make Latin * Tr*n 

verfes when the Moone was combuft ,'othcrwife illiterate. Avicenna and 

fomeofhis adherents will haue thefc fyroptomes, when they happen, to ^t^umt 

proceed from the divell, and that they are rather ^w<7»/4f/,poflerted,then*<ur t 

mad or melancholy , or both togethcr,as IafinPratenfis thinkes , Immifcent 7*ȣ 

fcmaligcnij&c but moft afcribe it to the humour, which opinion Montal- ]^tmT&%> 

ttucap.2tSi\fy maintaines^confuting/iT//Vf^4cVthereft ) referringitwho» rm exacerbate 

ly to the quality and difpofuion of the humour and fuSie6t.C*rdi» d' rerum »d t 

vardib.i cap*io. holds thefe men ofall other fit to bee Afla{lnats,bold, bar- ruanturjitrtm 

dy,fierce,andaduentc;ous,to vndertakc any thing by reafon of their chbler tfavmtamb*. 

aduft. a This humour fifth hc,frepares them to endure death it fclfesndallma- ^u^ulm* 

iter of torments with invincible courage, and'tis a wonder tofeewitbwhat a- j Tales plus'ce- 

lacrity they will under goe fuch tortures, vt fupra naturam res videatur: hec teru . tmeY,t -> & 
- . y , . c "* r J 1 n. -j" 1 • in- r i u continue tr iff an* 

afenbes this generofiry.tury, or rather ltupidicy, to this adultionof choller tir,vaide(Kjji«. 
and melancholy: but J take thefe rather to be mad or defperate,then proper- trfMtudinem 
ly melancholy: for commonly this humour fo aduft and hot , degenerats in- ^^'^JJJ 

tO madnelTc. imaginations, 

If it come from melancholy it felfe aduft, thofemen, faith ^v'/cenna, f c ; 
* are vfu illy fed and [ ary , and that continually, and in exceffe , more then chha^dlp] 
ordinary fnjpttiou <,more fearcfuH,and haue long , fore, and mo ft cor rupt Ima^i- trifles , de CepuU 
iiations- ? cold and bUke,bafhfull,and fo fohtary , that as c Arnoldus writes, f^JZ^hC 
7 ky vrill endure no company J hey dreamc ofgraufs ft ill, md dead men \ & think nenturjutantft 
themfcluci bewitched or dead:'\{ "it be extreame,they thi.»ke they heare hide- **i**/t$& 
ous noyfes,fee and talkc d withblache men /ndconuerfe familiarly with Di- ™ytientofk 
veUs y & fuch ft range Chimeras and vifions/Gordonius)or that they arc pof- vtden mom- 
feflcd by them, that fome body talkes to them/* within them. Tales melan- & f 
tholicipkrttmi^damoniaci y ^Montaltm conftl.26. ex Av'tcenna. Valeria de^j $enf f& JoT- 
Taraxtajud fuch a woman in cure^ c that thought euery night [be had to doe^> tm - 
-with theDiuell: wdGentilis Fulgtfus qutft.s;. writes, that hec had a melan- je^dmm 
choly friend,that ( had a blacke man in the likeneffe of a fouldier, ftill follow- we putavit. 
inghim wherefoeucrhe wzs:Laurent/us cap.?. hath many ftoriesof fuch as ^S er J^ m 
haue thought themfclues bewitched by their enimics; and fome that Would llgiumZlfZ 
eat no meat as being dead. S Anno i55oan Advocate of /^n* fcllintofuch ttm - ' 
a melancholy fit, that he belieucd verily he was dead, hee could not bee per* p^deur^ ^ 
fwaded otherwifc,or to cat or drinke,till a kinfman of his,a Scholler of Bour' h guidam m*. 
ges did eat before him fretted like a corfe. This ftory, faith Serres, was acT:ed ^a^&'e: 
in a Comcedy before Charles the ninth. Some think they arebca(b,woIues, mafefutam, 
hoggeSjand cry like dogges/oxes, bray like aiTes,and low like kinc, as King ^ ''^ fifa 
frjctui daughters. ^H/Idejheim Mania ,hath an example of a dutch ^LC^ 
Baron fo affc&ed, and Trincavelius lib. 1. conftL it. another of a Noble* &ruiltmafi. 
man in his country, 'that thought he was certainely abeaTt.aneiwouldimi- n ™"j^^ 
Un moft of their vines i with many fuch Symptomes, which may properly e g^ t 

Y 3 be 

P4ft.i.Se&.;. Symptomes of Melancholy. McmKi.Subf^ 

170 be reduced to this kindc. 

If it proceed from the feucrall combinations of thefe fburc humours, or 

fpiritSjf^rf.^s^AT.addeSjhot^cold^dryjmoiftjdaikejConfufedj fetled,con- 

itrtnged,as it participates of matter ,or is without matter , the fymptomcs 

are likewife mixt. One thinkes himfclfe a giant,another a dwarfe;onc is hca« 

vy as lead , another is as light as a feather. Marcellus Donatus lib .2 cap.+ I% 

makes mention out of Senecapi one Seneccio a rich man, k that thought hint. 

y 0*numgia £ thin? elfe he had,<rreat: qreat mfe \great horftSJtouldnot abide 

pHttbat 3 vxorem J ,. J . , / <•> , J . , 7 ^ * t ■ , - j J ? t t 

tndgnam, gr^ **ttle things, but would haue great pots to drink e m,and great hoje , and great 

desequoi^b- fy$ es bigger then his feet. Like her in 1 T raffi an us,th2t thought [he eoula [hake 
p*™[ Z*&d & ^^ e ^rUwith her finger, and was afraid to clinch her h^nd together,left 
pocu!a,& ca'ce- fhee fhould crufh the world like an apple in peecesror him in Galen, that 
mm* pid'bai thought he was m Atlas^nd fuftained heauen with his {boulders. Another 
1 tiblt thinkes himfelfefolittlCjthathec can creepe into a moufehole; onefearcs 
putaukfe zm ^ heauen will fall on his hcad,one is a Cock.and fuch a one n Guianerius faith, 
nmdmlcoAte' ^ e ^ aW at ^*^Mhat would clap his hands together, and crowe. Another 
fae. thinkes he is aNightingale,and therefore fings all night long: another hee is 

"Suftnet allglafrc.apitcncrjandwilhhercfore let no body come neerc him, and fuch 
AUtmte. UmCH a one t Ldurentius giucs out vpon his credit, that he knewe in France. Chri. 
Aitj cxli mnam flophorm a Vega lib. $. cap.- 14. Sckenkius and Marcellus Dtnatus lib. 2.t»p.i. 
"c&M r/aa ^ auc mm y ^ UC ^ cxamplcs,and one amongft the red of a Baker in Tarrara % 
n.aiiMfe gal- that thought hee was compofed of butter, and durft not fit inthcfuime,or 
lttmmtat,aiiM COl Tie neerc a firc.for fcare ofbeing melted: of another that thought he was 
?r«S«a. a cafe ofleathcrjftuffed with winde. Some Iaugh,wccpc,&c. Some hauca ml corrupt care,cycs,fome fmelling:{bme one fenfe, fome another. P Lewes the 
V j** thon y irer ' eleuenth had a conceipt eucry thingedid ftinke about him , all thcodorife» 
rotis perfumes they could get,would noteafe him , but mil he fmclled a fil- 
a capjJeml. thy ftinke. A melancholy French Poet in <i'mg fickc of a fever, 
and troubled with waking, by his Pbyfitians was appointed to vfe vngutn* 
turn populeum to anoint his temples$bui he fo diftaftcd the fmel of it,that for 
many yeares after, all that came neerc him he imagined to fisnt of it, and 
would let no man talkc with him but aloofeoff, or wearc any new clothes, 
becaufc he thought ftill they fmelIed.of it$ in all other things , wife and di£ 
crcet 5 and would talke fenfibly, fauc onely in this. A Gentleman inLymofen^ 
faith Anthony Verdeur ,W2s perfwaded he hadbutonelcggc, affrighted by a 
wild boarc,that by chance ftroke him on the Icgge: he could not be fatisficd 
his legge was found (in all other things well) vntill two Francifcans by 
chance comming that way ,fully 1 cmoucd him from that conceipt. Sedabun* 
defabularum attdivimus. 

SvtSBC 4. 

EducAtien,cu(lome continuance of time .condition jnixt with 
other difeafesjby Jits ) inclination, &c. 

ANother great occafion of the variety of theft fyroptomes, proceeds 
from cuftome,difcipline, education, and fcucrall inclination. r Thit 
hmowr imprint m mcUnsholy men tbg obieUt moji anfwtrabkj 


Part.i, jc&.j. Symptomes from cufiome y cjrc. Nlemb.i. jubi.-j.. 

to their condition of life, and ordinary actions , and difpofr^ men accot ding to IJl 
their fever all jludies and callings. If any ambitious man become melancholy, 
he forthwith thinkes he is a King,anEmperour,a Monarchy wuikes alone, 
pleafing himfelfe wiih a vaine hope of fome future preferments , or prefent 
as he fuppofeth and vvithall ads a Lords part, takes vpunhimtobee fomc 
fta.ciman or magnifico, makes congies,giues emertainment,Io,>kcs bigge^ 
&c. Francfco Sanfovino records of a melancholy man in Cremona, that 
would not be induced to beleeue,but that he was Pope, gaue pardons, made 
Cardinals, &C; f Chriflopborusaf^ega makes mention ofanother ofhisac' r tH>.$ up. 14 
Quaintance.thatthouchthewasaKtnedriuenfrom hiskingdome, and was l kl < e7e l em f l * 
vcry anxious :orecouer his eltate. Acouetous perlon is (till converlant a- puinm* 
bout purchaling of lands and tenements, plotting in his minde how to 
compafie fuch and fuch Manors , as if hee were already Lord of, and able to 
goethrough with it$ all he fees is his^n? or ^,hee hath devoured it in hope, . 
or elfe in conceipt efteemes it his ownej like him in ^Athenam^zx. thought hf^n^hM 
allthefhips inthcHivcntobehisowne. Alalciuious inamorato , plots all pitavueme* 
the day lone to pleafe his miftrefle, acts and Onus, and carries himfelfe as if m " esm r,r vm 
fhe were in prelencejltul dreaming or her, as Pamphdmolhv Glyce-iumpt umtes lu^effk, 
as Ibmc doe in their morning deep. u Marceflw Lonatm 1 nevve fticb a Gen- P e hl - 
tiewoman in Mantua^czWcd EleoneraMeliorina,\\\z\. cor.ftaiv ly belceucd fhe m - ■•* ZXA ' 
was married to a King,and x would kneele downe undtilkc w : th him, at if he * Genb^ 
badbeene there prefent with hif affociats jindif foe had found by chance a peccc « bqta cum 
cfgUffc in a muck-bMjr in the ftreet , fbec would fay that it Wa*a IcweUfent **J 

• 1 1 71/11 r j j ! • 1 11/ c i\ twtj/u tutu pu* 

p'omher ' ord and husband. Ildevontand rejigious.hc is ail :or raiting, pray- iavit &c. 
er,cercmonies, almesjinterpretations^vifions.prophecics^rcvel.ttions.y hee G*tom. 
is infpircd by the holy Ghoft.fullofthc Spirit: one while hee isfaued,ano- Ta&Matm'k 
thcrw nle damned, or Ihli troubled in minde fot his finnes, &c. more of [p mufmfia. 
thelc in the third Partition,ofLouc Melancholy. 1 A Schollcrs mind is bu- ^cl^ttfu 
ilcd about his ftudies,he applaudes himfelfe for that hee hath done,or hopes daim nfa me- 
to doe, one while fearing to be ou : in his next exercile , another while con- P co *** & 
temning all cenrurcsjenvicscne^mulatcs another, or elfe with indefariga ^m7o™lfi h 
blcpaincs and meditation.confumes himfelfe. So of the reftjall which vary vcrfa fait. 
according to the more remidc , and violent impreffion of the obicft, or as 
the humour it felfe is intended or remitted. For fome are fo gently melan- 
choly, ^hat in all their carriage 3 and to the outward apprehenfionofothcrs,ic 
can hardly be di(ccrncd,and yet to them an intolerable burden, and not to 
be endured. 3 Qu£damocculttt,qu£dammanifefta, fome llgnesare manifeft *Gordomus. 
and obvious to all at all times/ome to fcw,or feldome,or hardly perceaued, \ Vetbonmtx- 
let them kcepe their owne counfcllmone will fufpeft them . They doe not ex- ^""jjff c ~ 
prejfe in outward fhew their depraued imagi nation ^as^HercuksdcSaxoniz mm- 
obferuesjbut c9ncale them wholy to themfelues , and are very wfe^j men , a s I dmt&{mi vi- 
haue oftenfeene^ (ome feare^ fome doe not fe are at all, as fuch as thinker them- 
felues kings or dead,fome haue more fignes* fome fewer, fome greater , fome leffe. -out cum 
Some dote in one thine.are moll childiflh,ridiculous,and to bee wondred at mltlu f rnt P ne 
in that, and yet for all other matters,moft dilcreet and wile. To lome it is in re ^ & mortu _ 
difpofition,to another in habit* and as they of heat and cold, we may fay of <» putatjiur* 
this is mtUncholicui ad oclo , a fecond two degrees lelTe, a tl ird f ^^^. e 
halfeway. Tis fuperparticular,y?/^/Vz//^4 i y^«/^r/;4, undfuperb/par- mumajmm** 


Part i.Scd 5. Symftomes of Melancholy. McmUi. Sub£4« 

172 tiens tertias fluint as ^Melancholia &q. all thofe Geometncall proportions 
*TtaUi*9* arc too little to exprefTe it. b // comes to (omeby fit s y come s goes ao others it u 
UfJk*\u«dl ctntintMtc^ manyf faith c F Mentions ) in Spring and Fa/lonely are molefied^ 
hubs t t vt eta fame once a yeere, as that Roman d Galen fpeakes of- e one,at the coniun&i. 
ntftmjtih onofthe^^alone,orfomc vnfommatc Afpc&s 5 a fecond once perad. 
continuo deiiw venture in his life,hath a mod grievous fit, cucn to the extremity of madnes 

^Pr?° C 'i or ^ 0Ca g c A th 3t v P on f° mc ^ era ^ acc ^ cnt; °r perturbation,temble obie&j 
VcrISm& & chat for a timc,ncuer fo before,neuer after. A third is moued vpon all fuch 
oHtmn*. troub'efomc obie&s, croftc fortune, difafter& violent paffions, otherwifc 
rib»i d " bum ' frcc 3 oncc troubled in three or foure ycarcs. A fourth,if things be to his mind 
« GuixKYM. or be in a6tion,is moft jocund,and of a good complexion : if idle, carried a- 
way wholly with plcafant dreames &: phantafies $ but if once crofted & dif 
piea&d, ^Vecloreconcipiet nil nifi trifle fuo. his countenance is 
alcered on a fuddcn,& his heart heavy, irkfbme thoughts crucifie his foule,& 
in an inftant he is weary of his life. A fife complaines in his youth, a fixt in 
his middle age,the laft in his old age 

Generally thus much we may conclude of all melancholy almoft; That it 
i Uv'mwi nm is f moft plcafant at firft,I fay, mentUgrntifimm error ^ a moft delightfome 
mtuMon Pra- humor,to walke alonc,meditate 5 fo lye in bed whole dayes, 6c frame a thoH* 
*intii* * lM * i 'ftndphantafticall Imaginations Vnto themfelues. They arc neucr better 
pleafcd then when they arx fo doing,thcy are in Paradife for the time,& can. 
» nor. tiQt VV£ || cn d inc ro DC interrupt, with him in the Poet, — S pol me vecidtflua* 
mici, N&nfervaftis ait ! youhaue vndonchim, bee complaines,if you 
trouble him: tell him what inconvenience will follow 3 what Will bee the e« 
IFaciiisdtfcim- vent,a!lis one, canis ad vomit um^ t'cisfo plcafant, he cannot refraine. Hee 
fmAverm , ma y t ^ u$ continue pcradventure many yeares, by rcafon of a ftrong tempe- 
rature.or fbmc mixture ofbufinefle^which may divert his cogitations: but at 
the laft Ufa ImigtHat'to,\<As phantafic is crafed , & now habituated to ftich 
toyes,cannocbut worke ftill like a fat, the Sceanc alters vpon a fudden, 
Feare and Sorrow fupplant thofe pleating thoughts , fufpition dilcon- 
rcnr,and perpctuall anxiety fneceedin their places , fo by little and little, by 
kpr if £ that fhooj ; nghorneofidlcnefie,and voluntary folirarineftc, melancholy that 
' corpM coda- feral! fiend is drawn on, ejr quantum vertice ad auras ^£ there as, t ant um radi- 
VraUy'cmofa ce h *" T artara tendit } it was not fo delirious at firft , as now it is bitter and 
ejlfacittmea ' harfh.a canker 'd foulc macerated with cares and di (contents, tadium v(U t 
2ri*?' tf¥<6 * e impatience precipitate them mto vnfpeakablcmifenes. They cannot indure . 
k Lib.' 9 de ai- companyjightjor life hfelfefome,vnfit for action, and the like. * Theirbo* 
mtihrm. dies are Ieane and dry edvp,withered,vgly, their lookes harfh, very dull , and 
href* 1 '* m ~ tnc 'i r ^°»lcstormentcd,as they are more or lefte intangled , as the humour 
«« ^uum we hath beene intended,or according to the continuance of time they hauc bin 

loquitur <m<e troubled. 

qLmfub^de To difcerne all which fymptomes the better, fc Rhfts the Ar uhlan makes 
mire ada'jud three degrees of them. The firft is,/r^f ^//4//>,falfeconceipts, and idle 
*mmd\*%n thoughts; to mifcon{ter,& amplify 5 agrauatingeucry thing they coceaueto 
reddtt,tunct(i themfelues:thc fecond \s,fal(b cogttata loquijo talkc to themfelues, or to vfe 
t^T'lf i nart,cu ^ atc 5 incondite voices, fpceches, abfolctc geftures, and plainly to vt- 
^iB^J\n tcr their mindes and conceipts of their hearts by their words 5 the third is to 
fammo piAt put in practife that which they thinkcoj fpeakc. Sauamrola Rubau traft .8* 


Part.i.Scd.j. Symptomcs from cuftome,<&*c. Memb.i.SubC^ 

cap. i .de agritud.cap. confcmes as miich 3 ro when hebeginnes to expreffethat 173 
in TVords,rvbicb keconceaues in his heart jr talkes tdlyjrgoes from one thinge n c*p.i9- Par - 
to another, ,which n Gordonim calls , nee caput habentia, nec caudam, hec is in Xm&im [ mm 
thcmiddle way: hutwhen hebeginnes to aB it likewife y andtoput hisfoppc* &adaiios,acfi 
ries in execution ,heis then in the extent of melancholy , or m&dnejfe it fetfe^>. ver * P r *f tKtes - 
This progrefle of melancholy you (hall eafily obferuc in them that hauc bin decMrtponm* 
fo arTee~t-ed,they goe fmiling to themfelues at firft,at length they laugh out; tuugerendd. 
at fir ft folitary,at laft they can indure no company : or if they doc, they arc * h $£ m m ^ 
now dizards,paft fenfe and fhame.quite moped,thcy care not what they fay Uc dnenit^vi 
or doe, all their a&ions, words, geftures, arcfurious or ridiculous. Atfirft w< ?«* ce & tar * 
his mind is trcubled 3 he doth not attend what is faid,if you tell him a tale,hce m!"'atg]a£fZ 
cries at laft 3 what (aid you? but in the end he mutters to himfelfc , as old wo- ferm'ifceat.tum 
men doe many times,or old men when they fit alone, vpon a fuddenthey ^? a e ™ 1 **' 
whoop and hallow 3 or run away,and fwcare they fee or hearc players, P Di* ?Meimb§6em 
vells^obgoblinS jGhofts^rikejOrftrut, &c. grow humorous in the ende: fividerf&m- 
Like him in the ?ocz 3 fepe duccntosfope decern feruos, he will drefle himfelfe, t^«"T«Srtf 
and vndreiTc, carelefle at laft, and growes inicnfible , ftupid or mad. 3 Hee dcfpeUm part, 
howles like a Wolfe harkes like a Dos,andraucs like Aiax& Orefleshezics W.*- ... 
Mufickeandoutcriesjwhichnomanelfeheares. As r he did whom Amattu cap.31. 
Lufitanm mcnv.onzth cent. 3. cura. ^. or that woman in f Springer , that 'MicbatUmu- 
fpake many languagcs.and faid (he was poflefled. That Farmer in 1 Proffer ^aiitomttief, 
Calenim^z difputed and difcourfed learnedly in Philofophy and Aftrono- * lib A or* 
niyjjvhh Alexander Achilles his mafter, at BoUignc in Italy. Butofthcfcl 
hauc already fpoken. 

Who can fufficiently fpeake of thefe fymptomes, or prefcribe rules to 
comprehend them? they arc fo irregular, oblcure, Proteus himfelfe is not fo 
divers; I may afwell make the Moone a new coat , asatruc Character of a 
melancholy man; as foone find the motion of a bird in the Aire,as the heart 
of a man 3 ora melaacholy man: They are fo confufedjdiversjtntermrxt with 
other difeafes;as the fpecics are confounded ( asl « haue (hewed ) fo are the ■ P*ru/kbf,% 
fymptomcs.Sometimcs with headache, Cacexti^ dropfy,(tone 5 as you may ww *- a - 
perccitie by thofe feucrall examples & illuftrations,collcded by*Hi/difhe;m x T>e dtlim 
fpicel.2.Mcrcur talis confd.uo.cap. 6.ejr //.withheadachejEpilepfie, Priapif me ^ b ' 1 ^ «*! 
miu.TrinQAveliui confil,i 2Mb .1 Jib .frcon/il.qp.with gouxxanintto appttitw. 
iJMvntanus confd.26.ejr 2 3. 2 34.249. with Falling fickne(Te,Hcadache, Vcrti* 
gOjLyanthropiaejre. I, C<efar Claudinus cMptlt.4. confult.Sp.ejr 116. with 
gou^Agues^Hemrods^one^&c. who can diftingui(h thefe melancholy 
fymptomes fointcrmixt with othcrs,or apply them ro their feueraifpecics, 
confine them into method? T'is hard I confeflc, yet I haue difpofed of them 
as I Could,and willdefcend to particularize them according to their fpecies, 
For hitherto I haue expatiated in more generall lifts or tcrmcs , fpeaking 
promifcuoufly of all fuch ordinary fignes , which occurre amongft writers, 
Not that they arc all to be found in one man 3 for that were to paint a Mon* 
ftcr or Chimera,not a man; but fome in onc,fome in another, & that fuc° 
ccffiuely,or at feuerall times, 

Which I haue beene the more curious to cxprefte & report^ not to vp* 
braid any mifcrablc man,or by way of derifion ( I rather piety them; but the 
better to difecrncjto apply remedies vnto them 5 & to (hew, ;that the beft & 

Z foundeft 

Paru,Sc£t?. Symptoms §f Melancholy. Mcmb.i. Subkf , 

, . . ■ — * 

174 founded of vs ally's in great danger,how much we ought to feare our ownc 
fickle eftares, remember our mifcrie sand vanities, examine and humiliate 
our felues,feckc to God ? and call to him for mercy, that n cedes not fecke for 
any rods to fcourge our foulcs, fincc wc carry them in our bowels, and that 
ourfoulcsarcin a miferable captiiiity , if the light of grace andheaucnly 
truth, doth not (bine continually vpon vs. • and by our difcretion to mode* 
rate our felues , to be more circumfpeft and wary in the midft of thefe dan- 

Mbmb. 2, S v i s b e. I. 

Symptomes of bead Melancholy. 

TOgrtobi ftfi. r T Fno Symptomes Appeare About the StomAcke, nor the blood be mifAffeZted, 
vltrUublmnS \*nd ft Arc and for rove continue , it is to be thought the BrAtnc it felfe it tr* 
apparent, nec bled, by rcAfon of a Melancholy iuyce bred in it,or otherwayes convayedin* 

*S™&fi%u*t t0 Sndtkitcuill iuyce is from thediJlemperatureofthepArt^ or left after /ome 
zinw& m'JpL inflammation. Thus far Ptfo. But this is not alwayes true , for blood and hy. 
tiasenbrim ip- pocondries both arc often affc&ed, euen in head melancholy. } Hercules at 
^m^&e^ S* xo »i* differs hecre from the common current of Writers , putting pecu« 
$ Tract, delrtet. liar figncs of head melancholy 3 from the folc diftemperaturcoffpiritsand 
cap^.&c. Ex Braine^as they are hote,cold : dry,moift, all without matter , from the motion 
7mm[ t & fm- alone jtndtcnebroftty of fpirits^ of melancholy, which procecdes fromhu- 
hi mm, tene- mors by aduftion,hetreates a-part, with their feuerallfymptomcs& cures. 
^flckOtnt r«- The common fignes 5 ifit be by eflence inthchttd,areru4dineJJeoffaee t htgb 
bente & livef- f anguine complexion jnofl part rubor e faturato* one cals it, a blcwifh , and 
tente.qwbm fomctimesfullofpumpcls^withrcd cyzs.Avicennalib.j.Fen.z.Traft.j.edp. 
Td^nfpuflut. iS.Duretus in his notes vpon Holler i us jmVts this a principall fignc of head 

• lojantbton melancholy ,if thev be facie adwodum rubente: (b doth Mont alt us and others 
ITeLT 1 ) 5 ' ouc of G * len ' de *ff e &* l ' l >>3-"?' 6 '< * Hercules de Saxon/a to this ofrcdncfle 
warioTtfttaw of face,addes heauinejfe of the be Affixed and hollow eyes. b if it proceed from 
odfunt capitu drynejft of the Braine/hen their heads will be light ', vertiginous , and they mofl 
fcuT&cl a P* t0 ^Ake 7 and to continue whole rnoneths together without fleepe. Few excre* 
*> Lament, tap. rnents in thetr eyes and noflrils t and often bauldbyreajon of exceffe of dryuejfe, 
ULTm* Montaltusztezs cap. tj, If it proceed from moifture.dulne&jdrowfinefle, 
capitu elk tew headache followesj and as Salufl.Salvianm cap. r ,ltb. 2. out of his owne cx- 
tas.ptiipipiia, perience found, Epilcpticall, with a multitude ofhumors in the head. They 

att veryi>a(hfuiy f ruddy,apt to blufh,and to be red vpon all occafions, pre* 
talis marib'M. frttm ft metus accejferit. But the cbiefeft fymptomc to difcernc this fpecics, 

* %fa'tentn- 3S * ^ auc ^a* 5 l ^ is > x ^ 2t l ^ crc ^ c no nota bk figncs in the Stomack, Hypo- 
^uh^uimkmin condrics, or clfcwhere^g/^as c Montaltm termcs thcm,or of greater note, 
bie melancholia becaufe oftentimes the padions of the ftornackc concurrc with them. Wind 
n^mpw * s common to all three fpecies,and is not excludcd^nly that of the Hypecon* 
ve»tricuiipatbe- dries is d more windy then the reft, faith Hotlerius.t^tius tetrabibd.zfeB.2. 
y^clThec ca P-P'& /f'tnaintaincs the fame, e if there be more ftgnes, and more evident 

membra fttifo . 

vice* a>jcfr<mcn tranfm'tttunt. 4 ?oftrtm migk flatwfa. c Si mhm mlejlUarcu ventrkuhm avtvmrtm, m yi ctrtbrm 
frmxr<» afc'iur : & curare opntet bmcafifimftrcfatjktmimtts, & borne ctwftmii &c. mi mebrm afoiw fat 

veni kit!». 


Part i.Sc&.i. Cau/esof windy melancholy. McmU 

ri ... - 

inthehead,thenelfwhere, tbcBrainc is primarily afFe&cd, and prcfcribes l;$ 
head melancholy to be cured by meatcs amongft the reft, void of winde,and 
good iuyce,not excluding WJndc,or corrupt blood, euen in head melancho- 
ly it iclfc: but thefe fpecics are often confounded,^ fo are their fymptorries, 
as J haue already proued, and therefore by thefe ftgnes not fb cafie to be dif- 
cerned.Thc fymptomcs of the minde are iuperfluous,and continual! cogita- 
lionsifftr when the headis heated t tt fcorcheth the blood^andfiom thence fro- * t&gfam 
ceed melancholy fumes y whith trouble the mind.Avicennt. They arc very eho- **" 1lt te t ut 
lcrickc.and foonc hote,folitary,fad,oftcrt filcnt^watchfull difcontent. Mo*. 
tabus cap, 2 4. Ifany thing trouble them, ; they cannot flecp, but fret them- litiadufli an* 
felues ftill,till another obiec"t mkigate it, or time wcare it our. They haue ^ u1ntxe i lttMt - 
grieuouspaffions, and immoderate perturbations of the minde, feare, for- 
row &c. yet not fo ccmtinuate.but that they are fbmetimes merry^ which is 
more to be wondred at,and that by the authority of ZGalen himfclfc,by rca- % i^mu «£ 
ion of a mixture of a blood^pr^erubri iocofts deletlantur \& irrifores plerum^ fe£tx«$.6. ' 
funtjt they be ruddy , they are delighted in lefts, & oftentimes {coffers them- 
felues : concciptcd*,& as Khodericw a J^g/f comments on that place of Galen , 
merry, witty, and of a plcafantdifpcfition, & yet grieuoufly melancho- 
ly anon after: omnia difcunt fwedoftore^ faith Areteui^ they learne without a 
teacher: and as b Laurenttuf fu ppofeth ,thofe ferall paffions and fymptomcs b 
of fuch as tntnkc themfelues glaffe^pitchers/eathcrs &c. fpeake ftrangc lan- 
guages proceed a calorc cerebri (ifitbeinexccfTejfrom the Btaines diftera* 
pered hear. 1 tiMffim . 

* fyicel.i.deml 

. In Uypocendri* 

S V B S E C. $0 *ca meknebdii 

*dco amb'tgua 

Symptomes of 'windyor Hypocondriacal Melancholy, ^uuiumtx* 


IN the Hypocondriacttll or fatuous melancholy , the fymptomcs Are fo ambi- *ftlfj"°$jf n 
guomfoith * Crato in a counfell of his for a Noblewoman , that the moji poffint. 
exqwfite phy (it iaits cannot determine of the part ajfecled. Matthew F/ac- k " <4fi * 
iius consulted about a Noble matron,confefled as much,that in this malady q U etatfiJ!fe~r*. 
he with Ho/Ieriusy Fraca/lorius^Falopius, and others, being to giuc their fen- t Trta.pefihJi 
tence of a party labouring of Hypocondriacall melancholy, could not findc JJ£*jJ rf ^£ 
ont by the fymptomes, which part was moft efpcclally affc&ed ; fomefaid per B^ettum* 
the wombe,fbme heart,forae ftomack &c.& therefore Crato confil.2 4Mb. /, 
boldly averrcs,that in this divcrfity of fymptomes, which commonly acco- cruditate^fpZ 
pany this difeafe, k no Phyfitian can truly fay vphatpart is ajfecled. Galen Itb.j. »« pmordys, 
de he. affecl. reckons vp thefe ordinary fymptomes; which all the Neotcricks {w!£T^# c 
repeat of Diocles; only this fault he findes with him , that he puts not Feare m vthmmtev. 
and Sorrow amongft the other figncs. T rtntavelius excufeth Diodes Itb.j. frtyHM* 
conftl. s f . becaufc that oftentimes in a ftrong head and conftitution 3 a gene- € ^^lumu 
rous fpirit,and a valiant,thefc fymptomcs appearc not,by reafbn of his valor aum,idq t mid. 
and courage. ] Hercules de Saxonig ( to whom I fubferibe ) is of the fame ^^i^ 
minde which I haue before touched ) that Feare and Sorrow are not gene- mL Gaiemu, 
rail Syniptomcs;fomefeare,and arc not fad vfome bee fad, and feare notj M ^ eGm * 
fome neither feare.nor grieuc. The reft are thefe, befidc Feare and Sorrow, JjSr^U^S" 
^oarpe belch ing$) fuljomc cr/tdtttes, heat in the hwells y winde % and rumbling *tmt*i>m,Br»L 

Z 2 m tl *«*<*t< 

Part.i.Se&.$. Symptomes of melancholy. Mcmb.2.Subf.i 

lj6 in the guts ^hementgripings, fame in the beHy andflomacke 4t (ome times % 
^ft er me tte that u hard of concoction ^ much watering of thejlomacke, dad 
moift jpinle ^coldfveat, importunus fudor, • nfeajonablefwt at all otter the 
body^s Ottavius Horatianus lib. 2 .cap. y.cals it fold toynts, indigefion, » thcf 
2fd"/fidl7~ cannot endure their ownefulfomebelcbings, continual retnde about their Hypo^ 
injktmt que condries^ heate andgrtfmg in their bowels, prxcordia furfum convelluntur, 
fidmtftl"" "I'^'iff* d »d bow's *re putted vp^ the veines about their eyes looke rtd, rjr fxvcH 
co^mi^pet- from vapors andwind. Their earcs fing now and then ^Vertigo and giddineflc 
tuTwfrrMnar' come by fits,turbulcnt dreamcs,dryncflc, lcanncfTc, apt they are to fweat v 
"Imw'mlj- ponalloccafi -ns, of all colours and complexions. Many of them are high 
fi'vme laborani, colonred,efpecially after mcales, which was a fymptomc Cardinall Cactus 
rutin* fun*- was mlle h doubled with 5 and of which he complained to Proffer Catenas his 
nfcm^ifcT Phyfitian,he could not cat^or drinke a cup of wine , but he was as red in the 
mm coiomba- facc,as if he had beene at a Maiorsfeaft.That fymptomc alone vexeth many. 
^HontdtiAd n $° inc ^gainc areblackc,palc,ruddy, fomctimc their (houlders, and (houl- 
iy*rcck r.Fnp der blades akc, there is a leaping all ouer their bodies, palpitation of the 
timuetp 33. heart,and that cardiacs, pafoo^nd'm the mouih ofthc ftomacke>which ma« 
7. °uurentMs keth the patient thinke his heart it felfe aketh, and fometimes fuffocation, 
cap 73. Bmcl. difficult. ts anhelitusfiion brcath,hard winde,ftrange pulfe,foWnir g.<4/c/tf*« 
Gordon. ms CQlt f t l %s ^Trtncavclius libj.conftl.36^ iy.PerncliuS conf^j.&jj.Fram* 
befiriHs confu!t.lib.i.con(tl i/Hildtfheim, C audinus (be. giue mltanec of e« 
very particular. The peculiar fymptomes, which properly belong to each 
*4oC\ mW '' P arc ^ c thefejf from the ftomack, faith SavanaroU /tis full of pain, windc. 
tomtlfttZtitau- Guianerim zddes yvertigo^aufea, much (pitting &c. Iffrom the myrache,a 
ft*, fwclling & winde in the Hypocondrics,a lothing,& appetite, to vomit,pul- 

lingvpward. Iffrom the heart, a'king& trembling of it, much hcauinefTc. If 
from the liucr, there is vfually a painein the right Hypocondfy. Iffrom the 
fplcncjbardnes & gnefe in the left Hypocondry, a rumbling, much appetite 
& finall digMon,4vicen»a. Iffrom the Meferiack veines & liuer on theo- 
ther fide,httle or no appetite. Saxonia. Iffrom the Hypocondries,a 
rumbling, inflation, concodion is hindered, often belching &c. And from 
thefe crudines, windy vapors afcend vp to the Braine , which trouble the !• 
*V stud Hi3gination,&caufefeare,forrow,dulnc(re,hcauincfre, many terrible con- 
ftfrufaroir ccipts&Chimeras 5 asZ,^^"wwellobferues/^./.f^. 16. as q ablackcand 
tftifasdim & thicke cloud Couers the S unhand intercepts his beames and light, fo doth this me* 
^n&^mlv hwbcly vapor obnubilate the minde ^ inforce it to many abfurd thoughts and 
jk&c. C Imaginations^ and compcll good, wife, honeft, difcrcct men othcrwife fari- 
' rtf**«* * fing to the Braine from the r lower parts, as fmoake out of a chirnny ) to dote, 
turn**. fpcake,and doc that which becomes them not,thcir perfbns , callings , wife- 
domes. One byreafbnofthofeafcending vapors and gripings , rumbling 
bencath,will not be perfwaded but that he hath a ferpene in his guts , a viper, 
another frogs. Trallianus relates a (lory of a woman, that imagined fhee had 
fwallowed an Eelc.or a ferpent ; and Falix Platerus obfervat. lib. /. hath a 
moft memorable example ofaCountrcy man of his, that by chance falling 
into a pit where frogs & frogs-fpawn was, & a little of that water fwallow- 
ed, began to fufpeft that he had likewife fwallowed frogs-fpawn, & with 
thatconceipt and fcarc, his phantafy wrought fo far, that he verily thought 
he had yong liue frogs in his belly, qui viv chant ex aliment of**, that liucd 


Parti.Se<ft.$. Symptomes from the whole Bcdy. Memb.2.Sub£$ - 

by his nouri{hmcnt,& was fo certainly pcrfwaded of it,that for many yeares IJ7 
togcther,hecouldnotberc<ftificdinhiSconceipc: He Audicd Phylick feucn 
yecrcs together to cure hitnfelfc, cravailed into Italy, France,and Germany to 
conferre with the beftPhyfuians about it, & A° 1609, asked his counfell a- 
mongft the reft,hc told him it was wind.his conccipt &c. but mordicus con- 
tradtcere ejr *re,rjr fcr/ptuprob are nitebatur: noHiying would feme, it was 
no windjbutreall frogs: And doe you not hetr % them croakei Plater M would f Hyp6(mMafi 
haue deceiued him, by putting ahuc frogs into his excrements : but he being mt ' xm i a g t . 
a Phyfitian himfclfc, would not be deceiued, virprudens alias, ejr docltu , a coke, 6* 
wife & learned man otherwife, a Doctor of Phyfick,& after fcucn yceres do • 
tagc in this kind, a Phantajia liberate r/?,he was cured. Laurent tus and Gou» to qibd v.ntofi* 
Urt haue many fuch examples, if youbcdefiroustorcadthem. One com- '^^f* 
modity abouc the reft which arc melancholy ,thefc windy flatuoushaue, /*-, & tot* 

cida interval, their fymptomcs& piines arc not vfually fo contintiate as ^J^f™* 1 
the reftjbu: come by fits,fearc & forrow, & the reft : yet in another they ex. "oluht 
cced all others*, and that is/they arc luxurious,incontincnt,and prone to Ve trati.9, 
ncry ,by rcafon of wind,<^ facile amant, ejr quamlibet fere amant. (IafonPra- j^JJ^ ^ 
t(nfis.)& l Rhafii'\<> ofo. rion,thac^/////doth many of them much goodjthe f tot a corpart 
other fymptomes of the minde be common with the reft. * %iTmmi 


S V I S S C. 3. fcrf.«c c*p at. 

Symptomes of melancholy abounding in the whole Body* v!m"aZ? 

tvacuat'unu re- 

T Heir Bodies that are ♦rTe&ed with this vniverfall melancholy , arc ^ttST' 
moft part blacke, u the meUncholy iuyce is redundant all ouer, hirfute muierum men- 
thcyare,&leane, they haue broad vcines, their blood is grofleand fr""> &vi f? 
thick. * Their Splene is veeake, & a Liuer apt to ingender the humor j they anfiSklZ 
haue kept bad diet, or haue had fomc evacuation flopped, as h^mrods, or J*. 
moneths in women,which 7 Traltunus in the cure, would haue carefully to ^f^^ 
bcinquircd,& withall to obferueofwhat complexion the party is of,blackc teto cctpore, 
or red. For as Forreflus & Hollerius contend, if * they be blackest proceedes "*icu*ti. 
from abundance of naturall melancholy ; if it proceed from cares, difcon- m ^«.p5>!h* 
tcnts,dier,exercife &c.thcy may be as well of any other colour, red, yellow, "'.ore jmgumk 
pale,as black, and yet their whole blood corrupt : prarubri colore ftpefunt i^jifaMrn- 
talesjape flavi (faith Montaltus cap.22)T\\z beft way to difecrne this fpecics, ger &t. 
is to let them bleed, if the blood be corrupt, thick & black,and they withall \$ ul ^° 
free from thole Hypocondriacall Symptomcs,andnocfogricuouflytrou- ^ s mo n Ma 
bled with thcm,or thofc of the head,it argues they are melancholy a totocor- rum qmtquid 
fore_j. The fumes which arile from this corrupt blood, difturbe the minde, JJ^J^f 
and make them fearefull and forrowfull, heavy hearted, as the reft, dcie6tcd, qu'U kmrm 
difcontented,folitary filcnt,weary of their liucs.dull and heavy: and if farre &f ar * arum 
gone,that which jipuietHsmxtiitCL to his enemy, byway of imprecation, is rmt.fbifinpmt 
trne in them b Dead mens bones, hobgoblins, ghofls, are euer in their mindes, emttu 
ind meet them fill in euery turnei til the b upbear es of the night, and terrors,ejr nk ^vmT 
ftirybahes of tombes andgraues are before their eyes, and in their thoughts y as fomidamn*, 
Uwomtn and children, if they be in the darke alone^j. ]f they heare,or read, 
or fee any tragicall obicdt, it flicks by them, they are afraid of death, and yet ' 
Weary of their liucs.&c Z3 Svis, 

— — — I ■ ■ 1 — ____ 

Pare. i.Sed j. Symptomes of Melancholy. Mcmh.5. Subi i« 

MhMB, 3. SvBSECT. I* 

Immediate caufe of thefe precedent Symptemes. 

TOgtue fomc fatisfa&ion to melancholy men, that are troubled with 
thefe fymptomes,a better mcancs in my Judgment cannot be taken, 
then to ftiew them the caufes whence they proceed, not from divels, 
as'thcy fuppofe, or that they are bewitched or foriaken of God,hearc or fee 
& many of them think,but from naturall & inward caufes, that lb know- 
ing them, they may better avoid the cffc&s, or at leaft endure them with 
more patience. The mod grievous and common fympiomes arc Fearc and 
Sorrow,and that wirhout a caufe, tothewifeft anddifcrccteftmcn, in this 
malady not to be avoided. The rcafbn why they are fo, *A.ttus difcufleth a: his firft problemc but o{Galenlib*2.dccAufts y f}mpt.u 
For Galen imputcth all to the cold that is black , and thinkes that the fpirits 
being darkned, and the fubftance of the Braine cloudy and darkc, all the ob- 
s craft ic&s thereof appeare ternblc.and the € mind it fclfe,by thofc darke^obfeure, 
trS'inw?' S ro ^ fawesjafcending from black humors, is in continuall darknefle, fcare 
brum exbtiant. and forrow,divers terrible monftrous fictions in athoufandftiapesandap* 
^Fei.Tiattm. paritionsocairrc, with violent paflions, by which the Braine and Phanrafy 
fr^ln^lfi. are troubled and eclipfed. * Fracaftorius lib. 2. de Intellect, will baue cold to be 
ti ad letitiam, the caufe of Feare and Sorrow 5 for fuch as are cold y are ill dijpofedto mirth \duH 

video foLtary, andhsAvy i)j nature folitary filent And not for any inmrd darknes ( as Vhyfi* 
tacitvrm y mnob . J fir j i in • t j ^- r it 

tenebw inter- ttans thwke ) for many melancholy men dare boldly be and continue 3 and walkc 

not, *t mcd'td in the darke, and delight in it:folhm frigidi timidi : if they bee hote, they are 
fripu-mtt mcrr y; an ^ £ he more hote,the more furious, and void of fcare, as we fee in 
mtUncboiici, madmen: but this reafon holdcs aot, for then no melancholy, proceeding 
none ambulant f rom cno ler aduft,(hould fearc. Lsivcrrees feoffes at Galen for his rcafons,& 
t t'Jporesm. brings fine arguments to rcfell them.So doth mel. 
iaruboiki,$iri' ^.^.afligning other caufes, which are copioufly cenfured and confuted by 
5*f ^£lianus.Montaltus cap. s ,ejr 6, Altomarm mel.Guianerius trafi,i<. 

fitnt.cajf.1. cap. i. Bright. cap.iy. LAurenttus cap.$. Valefms med.contr, lib.^cont.i* c D/f 
« fntempenct temperature they conclude, makes black iuyce; bUcknefft obj cures the Jfirits, 
gum^igritKs theftirits obfeur edjAttfc fcare andforrove. Laurent ius cap. rj* thinkes thefc 
tbfeurat fyvtitu } blacke fumes offend especially the Diapbragma or Midrinc, and fo per conje- 
tJifaUmtm S uefts tnc mind,which is obfciired as f the Sun by a cloud. To this opinion 
&miiitiam . of GW<?»,almoft all the Greekes and Arabians fubicribe, the Latines new and 
kfcn °^j ntern£tene b r *°ff u C canf an * mttm * ut externa" nocent pueris, as children 
cmflamtmu**' arc affrighted in the darke,fo are melancholy men at all times, 5 as hauing Melon, the inward caufe with thcm,and ftillcarying it about. Which blacke vapors, 
It^^CMfam whether they proceed from the black blood about the heart , as T. w. Iff* 
fimJu chium- thinks in his Treatifc of the paflions of the mind 3 or ftomack/plcne.midriffe, 
fen ater bumw r all the mifaffeded parts together, it boots not, they keepc the mindc ina 
*t&"iql perpetualldungcon, and opprclTc it with continuall fearcs, anxieties, for- 
iitn perpetuam rowes &c It is an ordinary thing for fuch as arc found,to laugh at this deie- 
^ZbTtt p^^nanimity,and thofc other fymptomes of melancholy 3 to make the- 
felues merry with them^nd co wonder at fuch, as toyes and trifles , which 

.'7 " may 

Part, i , Se&. $ . Cau/e of thefe Symptomes. Ivlemb.j . £ubi * • 

may be refilled and withftood,if they will thcmfclues : but let him that fo 17$ 
wonders 3 confider with himfelfe, that if a man (hould tell him of a fudden, 
that fomc of his cfpeciall friends were dead, tould he choofc but gricuc: or 
fet him vpon a ftcep rock , where he (hould be in danger to be precipitated, 
couldhebefccurc? his heart would tremble for fearc, and his head would 
be giddy. P.Byarus Pe/l.gmcs mftancc (as I haue faid J ^ and put h Voniexm* 
cafe ( faith he) inone that walkes vpon a flank r, if it lye on the ground \ he an JJjJJ ^Jj* 
fafelydoeit: hut if t be fame planke bee laid ouerfome deeps water, in fteed of a juptrtrabm** 
bridge jhe is vehemently moued^and t'it nothing but hit smaginationfovmz ca- l M & in w& 
dendi impreffa/o which hit ether members and faculties obey, Yea, but you Jfj^r^£/ 
inferre 5 that fuch men haue a iuftcaufe to fcare,a true obieft offcarc,{o haue dam,iocop m u % 
melancholy men an inward caufe, a perpetuall fume and darknes > caufing n ™ mbulab } t 
feare,grief, fufpition, which they carry with them, ancbiecT: which cannot qutdi^etur 
be remoued-remouc heat of the Liner ,3 cold ftomack/wcak fplene: remoue i**M*o> & ti- 
thofcaduft humours and vapours arifing from them , black blood from the ™ t ?%m7ca- 
hearr,take aw ay the cau(e>and then bid them not grieuc nor feare,or be hea- dendt imprefa 
vy,dulllumpi(h 3 otherwifecounfell can doc little good; you may afwcll bid t ^J^ im . 
him that is fick of an ague, not to be a dry 5 or him that is wounded^ not to & fj^atts*' 
feelc paine. 

Sufpition followes Feare and Sorrow at hcelcs, arifing out of the fame 
fountaine,fo thinks * Fracaftoriusjbat Feareitthecaufeof Sujpition, and JIM \^^ n s ' H r 
they (ufpett feme treachery, or fomefecret machination to be framed againfi the, pltiojiob timmi 
ftil rhcydiftruft.Rcrtlcfnefle proceeds fro the fame fpring, variety of fumes ^My*** 
makes them like and diflike. SolitarineflTc, avoiding of light, that they are ftmperXdt^ 
weary ofth * iiucs,hate the world,ari(efrom the fame caufes 5 becaufc their tantjbrferim- 
{piths and humors are oppofite to light, feare makes them avoid company, jf^'^ 
and abfent themfeliies,left they (hould be mifufed, huTedat, or ovcrihoot \r'raa.demU 
themfelues,which ftill they fufpeft. They are prone to Venery,by reafon of Ex M** 
wind. Angry,wafpilh,& fretting ftill, out of abundance of choler, which 
caufeth fearcfulldreamcs,and violent perturbations to them, both deeping toubroftaufpi 
and waking: That they fuppofe they haue no headsjflyCjfinke^hey ate pots, 2 y"^^** 
glades & wind in their heads, f Saxonia doth aferibc this to the pwt'&l'!*' 
Kiierall motions in the animall fpixits /heir dilation , contraclion,confuficn i k iUadinquif 
titer ation/cncbrofityjhott or cold diftemperature^ excluding all materiall hu- ^L»j&J? 
mors. k Fraca/Iorius accompts it a thing worthy ofinquifttion,why they fhould redpianfMtre 
tntertaine fuch falfe conceipts, as that they haue homes , great nofes, that they f' cornu ^(f« 
sre Birds, Beafls ejre. Why they (hou)d thinke thcmfelucs Kings, Lords,Car- ^g"avu&t 
dinals.For the firft, 1 Fracaftorius giues two reafo n s : One it the dijpojttion of > -t> ff»f>i'* 
the body: the other ytheoccafion of the phantafie, as if their eyes be purblind, 
their cares (ing,&e. To the fecond,£rf*mr//*/ anfwercs, the Imagination nti. 
inwardly or outwardly moued,reprefents to the vndcrftanding, not intice- 
men ts only; to fauour the pa(fion,or diflike, but a very intenfiue plcafure fol- 
lowes the pa(Tion,or difpleafurc, and the will and reafon are captivated by 

Why Students and Loners are fo often Melancholy,and mad,the Philo- & ^ 

fophcrsof M Conimbra 2\Tignc this c^tcjbecaufe by a vehement and continn- ufommt* 
ill meditation 3 wberrwith they are affecJed, they fetch vp the /fir its into Jj^J^J* 


the Brtinc+nd with the beat brought wit) ithem J be/ intend it beyond 

Parti. Sed.g. Symptomes of Melancholy. Memb,3.Subfii 

1 8 o fure* the cells of the inner fenfes } diffoluing their temperature jvbich being 
diffolue djbey cannot per forme their offices^ they ought . 

Why melancholy men arc witty, which Arlflotle hath long fincc main- 
tained in his Problems; arid that n all learned men,famousPhilofbphers,and 
n Melmhojki l^xjv-gmtxs^ad unumfere omnes Melancholia, haue ftillbcene Melancholy; 
jimZvhTin' ,s a Problcmc much controverted./*/*?* Pratenfts will hauc it vnderftood of 
artibiu & df naturall melanclioly 3 which opinion Melanfthon inclines to 3 in his booked 
tmim l ™toZ An * m *JM& Marfilius Vicinm defan.tucndJib*j. cap. /.butnot firaple,for that 
C JmM"reipia. makes men ftupid, heavy, dull , being cold and dry, fearefull^ fooles, and 
dfiipimmjm folitary,but mixt with the other humors^ fleagmc oncly excepted: and they 
™oiki™jitt' not aduft, but fo mixt; as that blood be halfe 5 with litle or no aduftion, that 
*>Adcb mifcen • they be neither too hot ? nor too coXd.Aponenfis cited by Melanfthon, thinks 
f fM ml! aire lt P rocec ^ 8 ^ rorn melancholy aduft 5 excluding all natural mclancholy 3 a$too 
ttqiudut. " cold.Laurentitsscondcimics his Tenent, becaufe aduftion of humors makes 
men mad, asLimeburnes, when water is caft on it. It muftbc mixt with 
blood,and fomewhat aduft,and fo that old Aphoriffne otAriftotle^msy be 
verifled,7V#//#«z magnum ingeninm fine mixturd dementi*, no excellent wit, 
f lib *dein w ^ tnout 3 m ' xC,,re °f madnefTe. Fracaflorms fhall decide the controverfie, 
teUeftim.Pin- p Flegmaticke are dull'. Sanguine liuely jleafant \accept 'able and merry Jlout not 
gui [urn Miner- witty: cholericke are too fcoift in motion, and furious, impatient of contempt** 
vi pkgmatw: ttm deceit full witsi Melancholy men haue the moll excellent wits , hut not all: 

janzinnei ami- J J it 1111 1 r 11 r 

blksygfatlM^' this humor may be hot or cold, t hi ck e or thinnest f too hot 3 t hey are furious and 
nsM -am my- mi ^. t f too cold^dut^flupid^timorous^and f&d\ if temper ate ^ excellent, rather in- 
7etmmitu' C ,& ctining to that extreame of heat , then cold.'fhis fentence of his will agree with 
t>b:dcoatcmp!a- that of Her adit us £ dry Light,makcs a wife mind,ternperate heat &: drynes, 
to^eSS arc the chisfecaufesofa good wit; therefore, faith ^£//4», an Elephant is 
joiUm exceHett- the wifeft of all brute beafts,bccaufe his braine is dryeft , ejr ob atra bilU capi- 
ta &*. am: this reafon Cardan approucs fubtU.lib.i2.Io.Baptijla Silvaticus y a Phyfi- 
tian QtMilUnjxx his firft controverlle,hath copioufly handled: this queftion: 
Rulandus in his Problems^Gf/zW Rodigmus 6*°, meLcap 3, Baptijla Porta Pbyfiog. lib.i.cap.i^ 
and many others. 

hearing and feeing ftrange noyfcs 5 vi{ions J windc,crudity,are motions of the 
Body,depcndingvpontheie precedent motions of the mindc: Neither arc 
teares,ar?e6tions,but adions (as Scaliger holds,) q the voice of fuch as are a- 
kZ'lrmlh* frdid,tremb/es } bec4ufe their heart is fbaken- Conimb.prob.6fec.3Jefomno.vjbj 
quh at quad- they ftutte or faulter in their fpcech, Mercurials and Montaltus cap.iy.giuc 
Fob ariditatem ^ c rca f° ns out °f Hippocrates ^ r drynesjvhieb makes the nerues of the tongue 
quxnddkn™ torpid. Faft fpeaking/which isafymptome offoraefew,) *s£ti*s wilfhauc 
voi lingua tor- caufed f from abundance of winde^andfwiftneffe of Imagination'. t baldnejft 
fidoi. comes from excelfe of drynelfe, hirfutcnefle from a dry temperature. The 
tiagu* excop'd cauieot much waking, is a drybraine_, continuall mcditauonjdifcontent, 
fi*t«m,&ve- fearcs 3 andcares,thac fufFcr not the mind to be at reft. Jncontinencyisfrom 
M*Jfi4 Imagt ~ windjand an hot Liver, Mont anus con fit. 26. Rumbling in the gutts, is caufed 
T caivtiet % eb from winde,and windc from ill concodion, weaknefle of naturall heat.or a 
feemtu ' txeef- (jjftempercd heat and cold." Palpitation of the heart from vapors, and hca- 
° Ah* uineffc ? and akingfrom the fame cawfc.That the belly is hard,wind is a caufe, 


Parci.Se&.j. Caufe of thefe Symptomes Memb.j. SubCi 

and ofthat leaping in many parts. Redncflc of the facc 3 anditchine, as if they i8f 
were flea-bitten,or ftungwkh pif mircs/rom afharpe fubtile windc.* Cold x i^ntx.p 
fwcat, from vapors arifing from the Hypocondries, which pitch vpon the ljL.i ? 
skin, lcaneneflfeforwantof goodnourifhment. Why their appetite is fo ^nt.Ludovi 

great, v£f/w anfwercs: Os ventru frigefcit, eolde inthofe inner parts,colde c ^ ob 'Jf^. 
belly,andhoteLiver,caufethcrudity,and intention procecdes from perturb i&ryl.' 
turbations,* our foule for want of fpirits, cannot attend exactly to fo many 
intentiue operationsjbeing exhauft, and oucrfway'd by pafTion, fhe cannot 
confider the reafons,which may diflwade her from fuchr:tft;c"tions, 

a Bafhfulncfle and blufhing, is a paifion proper to men alone , and is not * Subrujikm 
only caufed for b fomc (hamc or ignomy,or that they are guilty vnto them- f f H f^ r iVilu ^ 1 
feluesoffomefowlefa&committedj but as c Fracajlorius we)l determines, - ob\mtm\i 
ob defectum proprium^d* timorem^from feare, and a concert of our defects ; The ^ ■ turfid'mam 
face labours and U troubled at his pre fence that fees our defecls, and nature wtl- c D ' e & 
ling to helpe fends thither heatjoeat dravoes the fubtilejl blood \andfo we blujh. Any. cap iz. 
They that are bold^ arrogant , and tareleffejeldome or neuer blujh, but fuch as 
arefearefull. Anthonius Lodoviottsjn his booke de pudore^ will haue this fub- quidefetium n$ 
tile blood to arife in the face, not (6 much for the reucrence of our betters G* m Vldet & 
in prefence, d but for toy andpleafnre, or if any thing at vnawares fball faffed "ITutura^ca- 
Jromvs : a fudden accident^ occur fe, or meeting. Any obie£t heard or feene, lormitiuc wit- 
forbHndemenncuerblufh ? as|Z)j^/»«/oblerucs, and the night and dark- ^^"^ 
neflc make men impudent. Or chat we be ftaid before our betters,or in com- de rubor, aud*- 
pany we like not,or if any thing molcft and offend vs, erubefcentia turnes to ces ' Am rubenr, 
rubor } b\u(h'mg, toacontinuateredneffc. c Sometimes the extremity of the f"ol gaudium 
eaers tingle and are red ? fometimes the whole face. Etfi nihil vitiofum com- & loiuptatm 
miferisfiS Ludovicns holds.rthotigh /iriflotle is of opinion ; <w/?« pudos ex vi- f Qr ? 
tie commiffo) All ftiame from fomc offence. But wefindeotherwife, it may koriTreyertL 
as well proceed f from fcarc,as well from force and inexperience, (fo * Dan. ilam > A ^ »^f»' 
^/'/;wholdsjasvice,ahothuer,fau^ From a hot ^ § %$ m 

hrainefrom winde,the lungs heated , or after dr taking of winejtrong drinkc^ cautim exude- 
perturbations ,ejrc. ™- . 

Laughter what it is 3 faith 5 Ttilyfiow canfed^ohere^andfo fuddenly breaks \ea^\maxlci 
tut j has deftrous to flay it we cannot Jhovo it comes to poffeffe and ftirre ourface^j^ yt pimmum 
veines \eyes ^countenance \month ,Jides Jet Democritus determine. The caufe J a ^f e "^,^. 
that it often affects melancholy men fo much,is giucn by Gomefiui us. 
ftlegental.cJp.iS.abundancc ofpleafant vapours,which in fanguinc melan- e a- 
choly efpecially.breakc from the heart , h and tickle the tnidriffe, becdufe it k „ a £es db'afii 
tranfverfe andfuHof nerues: by which titillat ion the fenfebein^moued^and ar- fulncfleaver- 
teries distended ? orpuUed,the fpirits from thence mone 'and poffeffe the^> fides ', ^-^^f 
*ueine$ ^countenance ,eyes. See more in Ioptts de r/fu ejr ftetuytues 3 de Amma . ftnri felautn 
Tcarcs,as Scaliger dcfines,proceed from griefe and piety,* or from theu hea- tl f*4 tl adm< ^ 
ting of 1 mot ft bramefor a dry cannot tveepe. j m 

That they fee and heare fo many phantafmes,Chirneraes,noyfes,vifions 3 aftiad mborem 
&c. as Fienus hath d iico urfed at large in his books of I maeination . and k La- t p otu t v ™> '* 

ab bepxie calido 

ttttbro tAl'ido.&c. * Com. in mm. tarn avi & inexperietitid qum i vkit. & x.Veoreiore tjuidipferifiu, qm 
f coneitetur, vbi fit, &e. h Diajibragma utilUnt , qu'u tYAttfvtrfum & navofum , qua titiUatione, motu [enfn atq s arteri/s di~ 
fantu , fpiritiss inde later Avenas ot octdot occupant. < Ex cAlefatliene bwmdi cerebri: nm ex (jcco Ucbtjme nenjluunt, k k Res 
**aicbii moffjuatur; & pttfantftvidcrt^ua msvidentflec audiunt, 

A a v*ter 

Part.i.Se&j. Symptomes of Melancholy. McmUi. Subfa* 

182 vater dejpettrispart.ncap.2. ^.thcir corrupt phantafie makes them fee and 
hcarc that which indeed is neither heard nor feenc. Qui multum ieiumnt 
am nodes ducunt infernnes , they that much faft,or want deep, as melancho^ 
ly and fickc men commonly doe,fee vifions^or fuch as are very timorous by 
nature , maddc 5 diftracted, or camcftly fecke, Sabini quod V9lumfmm»nt % 
as the faying is , they dreame of that they defirc. As they that drinke Wine 
■ . thinke all runnes round , when it is in their owne braine ; fo is it with thefc 

Jmtixtim" men,thc fault and caufe is inward, astf^affirmes, Imadmcnandfuch as 
funt, res quas are necre death jhos extra fe videreputant Imagines tntra oculos habent^\% 
extra feviden i n their braine, which fecmcsto be before them, the braine is a concaue 
rtnLbent. °' glaffe reflects folid bodies. The Organs corrupt by a corrupt phantafie , as 
« Prauarum Lemmas lib.r .cap.16.WcW quotes. m caufe a great agitation ofjpirits^andhu^ 
#^niumJ$4- mwrSywhtch wander to and fro in all the ere ekes of the braine \and caufe fucbap. 
tlo vitro curoq s parittons before their eyes, Sickncfle is an ordinary caufe of fuch fights. Car* 
^"mrantes&c ^ an fatH-hbtit.Mcns *gra labortbus ejr ieittn^sfrac7a,facit eos videre^au* 
percrrantcs, c ^ rg ^ c ^ ^ n d.O fancier (aw ftrange vifions,and Alexander ab ^dlexanko 
both in their fickneflc which he relates, de rerum varietatJib.8.cap t ^^Alb A -> 
tegnitu that noble Arabian on his death bed, fow a Chip afccnding and dc- 
" E * r 'W& s - fcending,which Fracaforius records of his friend Bapt/fia T urriantu.Pentbc* 
us in his madnefle two fonnes,aod two Thebes , every thing double. Weake 
fight and a vaine perfwafion withall,may caufe as much , and fecond caufes 
concurring,as an Ore in water makes a refraction, and fecmes bigger, ben- 
ded double,&c. The thickucfTc of the ayre may caufe fuch effect s,or any ob- 
ject not well defcerned in the darkc , fcare and phantafie will fufpect to bee a 
° Seneca Quod Ghoft.adiuclLj&c. Quodnimis miferitiment^hoc facile credunt.Wcc are 
metuunt mm a, apt tobeleeue,& miflake in fuch cafes. Marcellus Do n at m Jib. 2, cap. r .brings 
nmquam amo- j n a ft ory Q f ^yfrtHotle .of one Antepbcron which likely faw whercfoeuer hec 

vert pOjl cjiec , , * T ? » 1 \ m • #»?•/ 

mi patant. was , his owne Image m the ayre, as in a glade. Vitello lib. io.perjpecl, hath 
fuch another inftancc of a familiar acquaintance of his s that after the want 
of three or fourc nights fleepc,as he was ridingby a riuers fide , faw another 
riding with him, and vfing all fuch gefturcs as hee did, but when more light 
appeared,it vanifhed. Eremites zn&Anachorites haue many fuch abfurd vifi- 
ons,rcvelations by rcafon of much fading, and bad diet, many are deceaued 
by legerdemainc,as^w hath well (hewed in his booke of the difcoueryof 
witchcraft,and Cardan.fubtil. 18. fuffites, perfumes , fuffumigations , pcr- 
fpectiue glades, and fuch naturall caufes, as you may perccaue in Bxputta 
Forta^AlexityAlbertui and others,Glow-wormcs,Fire« drake*, Metcors 3 rof 
ten wood,&c. But molt part itis within the braine } although I may not do 
ny,but that oftentimes the diuell deludes them , and takes his opportunity 
tofuggeft,andrepreientfuchvaincobicctsto fickc melancholy men, and 
luch as arc ill affected. 

The hearing is as frequently deluded as the fight 3 from the lame caufes 
almoftjas he that hcarcs Bdls.will make them found what he M.As the foolt 
^Blowing of thinkethfo the bell clinketh. Theophiliu inlGtf/*vf,thought he heard muficke, 

WkTn* of d ^ rom va P 0Urs which madc his carcs f° u nd,&c. Some arc deceaued by Echo 's 
HammS! if fome by roaring of waters , orconcaues and reverberation of ayre in the 
Sdr « pIy § rounc * an( * hollow Pk ccs or wa ^ $ - p At Barry an lfle in the Severnc mouth 
Jhccliffr to thcyfccmctohcatcafmithsforgc-fo at^MandthofcfulphuriousIflcs, 


Part i.Sc&4^ Vrognofttcks of melancholy. Mcmb, i. Subti 

and many fiich like which Olaus fpeakes of in the continent of Scandia , and 183 
thofe northernc countries. rerum var.lib.ij. cap. S4. mentioned! 
of a woman,that ftill fuppofed (he heard the Diuell call her, and fpcaking to 
her, (bee was a Painters wife in Millan : and many fuch lllufions of voices, 
which proceed moft part from a corrupt Imagination. 

Whence it comes to pafle > that they prophecy, fpeakc feuerall langua- 
ges,talke of Autonomy , and other vnknownc fcienccs to them ; ( of which 
theyhauebeeneeuerijnorantjllhaucinbricfc touched, onelythis I will '^{j^J* 
here addc.that Arculanusfioiin.lib.3. cap^Mmon. and fomc others r hold, tition.^ \6, 
as a manifeft token that fuch perfons are poffcflTcd with the Diuell: fodoth «9.ra#£. 
Hercules de Saxomdjnd Apponenjis, and fit only to be cured by a Prieft. But nU^fmt' 
t Guianerius* Mont 'alt '»*,and Lemnius lib. 2. cap. 2. refcrre it wholy to the ill nifiquod icqua* 
difpofition of the u humour.and that out of the authority of Arifiotletrob. **« 
^o./.becaule fuch lymptomcs are cured by purgmg.and as by the unking of rtutonicumm 
a flint fire is inforccd, fo by the vehement motions of fpirits,they doe eltcere aliud Moma, 
voces in^ud/tos, compcll itrange fpeeches to bee fpoken: another argument n.tragf 
he hath from Platoe'sremtntfcenttajbuun this Khould rather hold with A- dtmtian. 
vicenna andhisatfbeiats , that fuch fymptomes proceed from evill fpirits, 
which take all opportunities of humours decayed, or otherwife to pervert *Mir*vucm. 
the loiile of man, and bcfides the humour it felfe,is Balneum Diaboli, the Du cttat kumorct 
veils bath,and as Agrippa psoues ,doth intice him,to feize vpon them, Zin^mmm 

SECT. 4- ** 

Mb mb, u Svtfssc. r. 

Pregnofiicks of Melancholy* 

PRognofticks, orfigncs of things to come, are either good or bad. If 
this malady be not hercditary,and taken at the beginning^there isgood 
hope of curefecens curationem non babet difficilcmfehh Avicenna l.j, 
Ten. 1 .Tract. +x 1 8. That which is with laughter,of all others is moft fecurc, 
gentle,and remifle. Hercules de Saxoni*. * If that evacuation of hamrods y or * si mM&< 
varices wb'ch they call the water betweene the sktnne , fha/l happen to a melan- lie " *>*mormdt) 
, cboty mart, bis mi feryu ended.Htppocratet AphorJ.u. Galen, lib. 6. de morbis 
f«^r.f<7w.X.confirmcs the fame, and to this Aphorifmc of /f/^<?fr^« all vt qmbufdam 
the Arabians pzvj and old Latincs fubfcribej^»/4//w cap. 2s -Hercules de f/^^J^ 
Saxonia^MercurialUyVtttoriui F -avent inm \&c. Skenkius ltb,i .obferuat '. meet, turmatm. Mania, illuft rates this Aphorifmc , with fan example of one Daniel 
Fedircr a Copperfmith, that was long melancholy, and in the ende madde 
about the 27 ycare of his age,thefc varices or water beganne to arifeinhis 
thighes,andhc was freed from hismadncflc. Mar ins the Roman wasfbeu* 
red fome fay,though with great paine. Skenkius hath fome other inftances 
ofwomen that haue becne helped by flowing of their monthes , which be- 
fore were (topped. That the opening of the haemrods ;will doe as much fof 
men,all Phvfitians ioyntly fignifie,fo they be voluntary fome fay,and not by 
compulfio n. All melancholy men are better after a quartanc 7 Jobertus faith y 
icarceany man hath that Ague twice: But whethet it free him from this vm £ y 

A a % *nalady a 

Part, i .Se£t..f. ?rogno(lkb of melancholy. Mcmb. i Subh 

1 84 malady, 'ti* a queftion; for many Phy fitians afcribc all long Agues for cfpe. 
icumdn u'u ciallcaufc$,andaquartanc Ague amongft the reft- z Rhafiscont. lib.i.tracl. 
txUpnf^erfi- p When melancholy gets out at the (uperficies of the skinne^or fettles breaking 
mm & refidet out m frabbes Jeprojiejnorphew j>r is f urged by Jiooles , or by the Frine y or that 
f/Jb^mJ? the ftleeneisinlargcd>andthofc varices affearejhe difeafe it diffolued. Guia- 
fbeam nigrum, ncrius, cap,$* trace, ij. adds Dropfie, Iandife 5 Dyfcntery 3 Leprofy, as good 
vei expurgatur fi thc £ Scabbes,Morphewcs 3 and breaking out,and proiies it out of 

per infer isrei par a ? « * 

tayel per wt- the 6^ Hippocrates Aphorifmes. 

nam &c.non t- Prognofticks on the other part. Inveterata melancholia incurability 

mfmfta£!r e & & i£ Dc invcterate,it is a incurable, a common axiomc/*/ difficult er curdifo 
varices a^a- as they fay that make the beft,hardly cured. This Galea witneffeth,//^.<sfo 
1tn b. . loc.afecl.cap.d.^ be it in whom it willy or from what caufe foeuer. it is euerlonv % 
verCamnaturS. wayward and tedious ^nd hard to be cur ed^tf once it be habituated* As Luctan 
b in epicure^ faid of the Gont,(hc was the c Queene of difeafes^and inexorable _,may we fay 
^[TtypKon. of melancholy .Yet Paracelftu will haue all difeafes whatfbeuer curable 5 and 
F<tfert\m [em- laughs at all tnem which thinke otherwife , zsT.EraJIus par.j* obiectsto 
fertfiamaw \ l \ m> Although in another place,hereditary difeafes he accounts incurable; 
r <Mrd^poS. anc ^ D y no art to De remoued. d Hildejheim fiicel. 2, de meL holds it lefle dan- 
c Reginam<>r- gcrous ifonly c Imagination be hurt ^nd not reafon,* the gentle fru from blood. 
waMU & *** Wcrfefromcholcr aduflfbuttheyoorft of all from Melancholy putrified. IBruel 
d omnl Mm- cfteemes hypocondriacall leaft dangcrotiSjand the other two fpecies fop- 
um quod oritur, p fite to Galen jhardeft to be cured. h The cure is hard in man , but much 
rebti!licurdbiie more difficult in women. And both men and women muft take notice of 
Hildijbeim. {pi- that faying of Mont anas Abb ate Italo, 1 This malady doth com- 
"sCoMma-' mon h ^company them to their graue , Thy fitians may eafe and it may lye hid' 
gmaiio kdatur, for a timeout they cannot quite cure itjtut it will returne againe more violent 
&mn rath. j\j Af p e then at firjljind that vpon every fmatt occafion or err our 2 as in Mer~ 
^nVftrnm- CUYtes weather- beaten ilatue , that was once all ouer gilt , theopen parts 
te,deteri«rabi- werecleane, yet there was infimbrijs aurum , inthechinckesarcmnantof 
leafj-atapeffima gr id ; thcrc will be fome reliqucs of melancholy left, in the purcft bodies ( if 

" ab atrdbile pit- . i , r n i 1 t.Ar • • i - 

trefaBi. once tainted ) not io ealily to be rooted out. * Oftentimes it degenerates in- 
zyificttorcit- to Epilcpfy , Apoplexy j Convulfions,andblindnefle : by the authority of 
vi'bSpow Hippocrates & Galen^ll averre,ifonce it pofleffe the ventricles of the braine, 
M'w&cercbri Frambefarius ,and Salufl.Saluianus adde, if to the opticke nerues, blindnefTc. 
h D #^f w ; Mercurialis confil.20.hi6 a woman to his patient ; that from Melancholy be- 
muito aifficUm came Epileptickc and blind. m It it come from a cold caulc or 10 continue 
h femina.^ cold,or increafe ? EpilepGe,Convulfions follow,and blindneffe, or clfe in the 
pieru^TomT- cn ^ ^ey are moped^fottifli^nd in all their actions, fpeeches, geftures, ridi- 
nes com'itatur, culous. n If it comefrom an hot caufe,they arc more furious, &boifterous, 
licet media le- anc j j n conclufion mad. Calefcentem melancholiam fapius fequitur mann. 

vent plerumq.. . r . , 7. r . . J . J r . J 2 - 

tamennontii- n it heat and mcreafe,that is the common event, P per ctremtus, autfemper 
hm vnqum, infanitty fits,or altogether. Ifitcome from Melancholy naturalladuft 3 & 
^tti%%bn m exceflejthey are often daemoniacall, Montanus. 

q Scldome this malady procures death,except ( which is the grcateft and 
tccafume outer. mo ft gticuous calamity,and the mifery of all miferies ) to make away them'' 

* Vtrkulum e(l' 

tie degeveret in Epilepjiam, Apoplexiam^CoHvuifionem^citatem. 1 MontcU.c.i^.lAur«ntiui. Here Js Saxon. m Sax* 
mia, ^iriftotle^Capivaccim. " pigidiufoladelitu caufa.furorh verb burner edtdttt. ° Heurmiu cals madne», 
fsbolemmtlwMkt,? Alexandti\l\b,ijc*p.\1 t 5 Moittaltj.iS,Rarb mmwtemnHnqumnififibiipfiwfeTknt. 


Part.i , Se&.4. Vrognoflicks of melancholy. Mcmb.i.5ubf.i ; 

fclues,which is a frequent thing,and familiar amongft them. 'Tis r Hippocra- 185 
tes obferuation,G4i(f»j fcntence,£^ mortem timent^ tmenplerun^ jibiip- T . L * b - 
fis mortem confcifcu»tjib.3.delocisaffetlxap. 7 .thcc\oome of all Phyficians. ^^te^ 
'lis f Rabbi CMofes Aphorifmc. The prognofticon of Av icenna JLhafts ,v£ti- i tionmii vie* 
us^3ordoniu^ x ValefcuS y AltomarH4^ Saluft Salmanus^ Capivaccius, Hercules de ^ nt . M f mami fi* 
Saxonia y Pifo,Bruel,Fuchftus^c. blmfermt - 

1 Et fepe vfy adeo mortis formidinc vit* « Lmet, Hk.%, 

Perciptt inftlix odium Juciffy videndd^ > 
Vt fibi confeifcat m&rcnt't peftore let bum. 

And fo farre forth deaths terror doth affright, 

He makes away hfmfelfc,and hates the light: 

To make an end of fear e and griefe of hearty B 

He voluntary dies to eafc his fmart. m^imm^ 
So farre forth doth the torture and extremity of his mifcry torment him, ffieoifeifcm 
that he can takenoplcafureinhislife,butis in a manner inforeed to offer vi- frifiitim^dio 
olencc vntohimfelfe, to be freed from his prefent infufferable paines. So v\u aftimib 
fome(£iith u Fracaftorius) in fury, but mo fin de [pair e, for row x fear e, and out f Hmefn & de- 
of the angu/fh and vexation of their foules^ offer violence to themfelues 1 for eniminfera 
their life u vnhappy andmiferablcj. They cm take no reft in the nighty nor Ergo f K perpe- 
fleepe, or if 'they doe (lumber .fearefulldreames aflontfh them. In the daytime, ^fj^ lvi ' 
they arc affrighted (till by fome terrible obiccl:, ancUorne in pieces with fuf- pwipitrnj,* 
pition/earc/orroWjdifcontents^ares^ameSjanguifh^c.asfo many wild mlu . cari{ ^ 
horfes,that theycannotbc quiet an houre,a minute of time,buteuen againft fe^unlfe^uZ 
their wils they are intenr, and ftill thinking of it, they cannot forget it, it commit tunt. 
grindestheii foulcsday andnight,they are perpetually tormented,theycan y^ * 2 ^' 107 ' 
neither cat,drinke,or fleep, PfaJ.i 07.1 $ '.their foule abhorreth allmeat, ejr they * iob.1.1'. 
are brought to deaths doore^ * being bound in mifery andiromthcy Xcurfe their t V\ * olorii & 
ftarres with lob? and day of their birth y andrvifb for death: for as Pineda, and % 
moft interpreters hold, Job was euen melancholy to defp aire, and almoft i*Ru». 
t madnefle it felfe, they murmure many times againft the world, friends, al- \ Sm r ca - . 
lics 5 all mankinde,euen againft God himfelfe in the bitternefle of their pafli- defperltilnept 
on, a vivere ntluntjnori nefciunt } \iuo they will notjdyetheycannor.Andin y^fibimey. 
themidft oftheferqualid,vgly,andfuchirkfomedayes, they feekcatlaft,fTn- oru^™ 
ding no comfort, b no remedy in this wretched life,to be eafed of all by death lib. z.cap. j. 
Omnia appetunt bonum-znd for their good as they hope , fub fpecit ' at leaft^ ! f^f J "fi n j* 
vel quia mor i pulchr urn put ant ( faith c Hippocrates) vel quia put ant inde fe ^ vmbrL 
maioribus malts liberari, to be freed as thcyfeeke: Though many times as A c*p : iJemen 
•s£fopes fifhes.they leap from the frying-pan, into the fire it felfe, yet thcv % alH ™ Uva & 
hope to be eafed by this meanes and therefore (faith d Faltx Plater us) after dm mettem, 
many tedious dayes at laft, either by drowning, hangings or fome fuch fear efuH < l um f ! ment > 
end,thcy precipitate or make away themfelues ; many lamentable examples '^mtfim^Lt 
are dayly feene amongft vs* T is a common calamity, c a fatall end to this dif- a h ui dti 
eafc.They arc condemned to a violent dcath,by a lury of Phyfitians/uriouf- ft^l^tJ^, 
ly difpofed ; carried headlong by their tyrannizing wils, inforeed by miferies, dimm. 
and there remaincs no more to fuchperfons, if that hcauenly py&yfitian, by ' jj^* 1 j 
hisaflifting grace and mercy alone, doe not prevent, no humane perfwafi. cwndmnux 
on,or Art can hc!pe,to be their ownc butchers,and execute themfelues. dto fefnap. 
crateshis acuta, Lucrctias ^ dagger, Timont halter, areyettobehadj Catoes ^J*'* 

A z 3 knife. 


**~ ' — - — — - t ^ 

Vrcgnoflkh of Melancholy. Mcmfcu.SubJa 

f Fezjna ' mr» 
boTum, cut fx- 
tnukntiir omnti 
& obediwtt. 

Et paulc* 

l8 5 knife, and N trots fword arc left bchindc them, as fo many facall engins 5 bc- 
queathed to poftcri/y, and will be vfed to the worlds end, by fuch diftrcfled 
fotiles: fo intolicrable^vnfufferable, grieuous and violent is their paine, g fo 
vnfpeakablcjand fo continuate. One day of griefe is an hundred yeares, as 
t o omnium o- Q ltr ^ n obikxucsiTis carnijicina bominum^angor amms 9 2s well faith Arete~ 
^altta™' */, h aplagucofthcfoule, an epitome of hell ; and if there be an hell vpoo 
Lnc'um mortefq, carrh ,it is to be found in a Melancholy mans heart: 
mUejmliejum For t } Jit ^ ee ^ e torture may bt cafrd an bell, 

r't'p^HttZ when more is felt f hen one hath porvtr to tell. 

§m AHfirtito. Yea,that which fcoffing Luc tan faid of the gout in jeft , I may trucly affirmc 
of Melancholy incarneft. 

O trifle nomenl b dijs odibile^j 
t Mehncholta lachrymofa,Cocyti filt'a, 

Tu Tartar i frecubus opacis adit a t \ 
Erinnys utero quam Mtgara fuo tulir, 
Et ab uberibus aluit,cut^parvuU 9 
Amarulentum in os lac Ale CI o ded/t y 
Omnes abominabilem tt damonts 
Produxere in lueem y exiti0 mortalium, 
Non Iapp'tter fert tale telum fulminis y 
Non ulla fie procella fevit aquoris, 
Non impetuofi tanta vis eft turbinis. 
Hum virus Echidna membra mta dtp a ft star ? 
Ant tunic 't fanie tin 51 a NeJ r st fanguints f 
Illachrymabile & immtdicsbsle malum hoc, 
O fad and odious name/ a name fo fell. 
Is this of Melancholy, brat of helL 
There borne in hcllifh darknes doth itdwcll B 
The Furies brought it vp,Megeras teate, 
Alefto gaue it bitter milke to eate. 
And all confpir'd a bane to mortall men, 
To bring this divcll out of that black den. 
lupsters thundcrbolt.nor ftormc at Sea, 
Nor whirle wind doth our hearts To much difmay c 
What? am I bit by that fierce Cerbcrmi 
Or ftungby t fcrpenc fb pcftiferous ? 
Or put on fhirt that's dipt in Nejfus blood? 
My pain's paftcure, Phyfickcandoenogood. 
Skull' non iMvenero tyranni maius tormentum.'No torture ofbody like vnto 
it,no ftrappado's,hot izons,Pbalaris buls: 

\ Nec ira dtum tantum^nec tek y ntc hoflis % 
Quantum fola notes duimss Map fa 
louts wrath, nor diuels can, 
Doc fo much harmc to th* Soutc of man. 
allfeareSjgriefes/ufpitions^ifcontcntsjmbonitics^nluavities are (wallow* 
cdvp,and drowned in this Euripusjhis lrifh Sea, this Ocean of mifery, as fo 
} many fmall biookes3 t'is soagulum omnium arumuarum, which f AmmUnus 


(us Sear pi* &( 
Seneca AU.\ t 
Ha cat. 

f S'ttm Ittl'h 

Parci. Sedfc.4. frognoJltchofMdancbUy. Memb-i.Subfi-- 
. . — 

applycd to his diftrefTcd Pallad/us, I fay of our Melancholy man, hec is the 1^7 
cream of humane adverficy,the iquinteffcnce.vpfhot^al other difcafes what- 
foeucr, are but flea bitings to Melancholy in cxrenr.Tis the pith of them all, pX*™*' 
\ Hoffitium eft calami tatis } quid verbis opus eft, fit, ut TertuiU 

QuamcuncL malam rem qaxres, illic repcries: * m HUr > 

What need more words, tis calamities Inne, \Tiautm. 

Where feeke for any mifchicfe, 'tis within; 
& a melancholy man is that true Prometheus ,which it bound to Caucafus y thc 
true Titiuj jwhoic bowels arc ftill by a vulturc 5 dcvourcd(as Poets faine) for ififajkcMii 
fo doth k Ltlius Gir Aldus interpret it,of anxieties.& thole griping carcs,& fo 
ought it to be vnderftood. In all other maladies whatfocuer, wc fcekc for 
hclpe,ifa leggc or an armc ake, through any diftcmperature or wound, or 
that wchaue any ordinary difcafe, aboue all things whatfocuer, weedefirfc 
help & health,a prefent rccouery, if by any meancs poffible it may be procu- 
red. Wc will freely part with all our other fortunes, fubftance, endure any 
nnfery ,drinke bitter potions/wallow thofe diftaftefnll pills/urTcr our joints 
to be feared, to be cut off, any thing for future health, fo fweet, fo dearc, fo 
prctiousaSoue all other things in this world, is life ."but to a melancholy 
man,nothing fo tcdious,nothingfo odiousj that which they fo carefully feek 
to prefcrue, 1 lie abhorres: he alone,fo intolerable are his pains, Some make ' Q?id ejl mi~ 
a qucftion, pravieres morhi corporis an ammi. whether the difcafes of the bo- ^ mm m Y, tta > 
oy or mmd be more gneuousjbut there isno companion, no doubt to bee n.Seneca. 
made of \i } multo enim f<tvior t longe^ atroctor eft animi* qukm corporis crucia* 
tits (Lemnius l.j c. 12 ) the difeafes of the mind are farre more grieuotis. So 
Cardan teftifies,^ rerum var.l. X. c.40. m Maximus Tyrtus a Platonift, & Plu* mr m 
tarchfauz made juffc volumes to proue it. n Dies adimit agritudinem homi- txbtUo a$p*> 
/;/'^;inallothcrdifeafes 3 thereis fomc hope likely, but thefevnhappy men wtnresp^ffmm P 
arc borne to mifery,paft all hope ofrecouery.incurably fickjtht* longer they 
liue.thc worfe they are,and death alone muft cafe them . 

Another doubt is made by fome Philofophers, whether it be lawfull fot 
a man in fuch extremity of paine and griefe, to make away himfelfe: & how 
fuch men that fo doc, are to be cenfured. The Phtomfts approue of it, that 
it is lawfull in fuch cafes,and vpon a ncceflity, Plotihus Itbje beatitud, cap.j. 
and Socrates himfelfe defends it, in PUto$Ph*don y if any man \ Ubour of u* 
incurable difeafe y he may dijpatch himfelfe j fit be to hisgootl.ThcStoicks in ge- 
nerally Seneca amongft the reft, quamcum^veram ejfe viam adltbertatCy • ttim } 
anyway is allowable, that leades to liberty, \letvsgiueGo^thankes y thatn9 vS"!i"?f»- 
man is compelled to Hue AgAtnfl his will, f He commends Cato, Dido i & Lucre* gere,quu vent* 
//'-,for their generous courage in fodoing, cV others that voluntarily dye,to wi™*"* Q* 
avoid a greater mifchief,to free themfelues from mifery,to faue theirjhonor, ^^mL%to 
or vindicate their good Cleopatra did,as Iuntut Brutes , as Vib'tm Vi* ixAuas^uodw 
rius& thofe CampanUn Senators in Livy 3 ( Dec: 3. lib J.) to cfcape the Ro- JJjj^S£ 
man tyranny,that poyfoned themfelues : how many myriads befides in all teft. 
2gzs,qui fibi lethuminfontes peperere manu&c. P Razis in the MacMees is t£/#«*4.7if 
magnified for k : Sampfons death approucd.In warres for a man to run rafhly P M ac> , 4 42< 
vpon imminent danger,& prefent death, is accompted valor U magnanimi- t a« ameogft 
ty,t to be the ciufe of his own,& many a thoufands ruinebelldes,to commh Jic"*^ 
wilfull murder in a manncr,of himfeif and othcrs^i* a glorious thing, & hec 


Part.i.Sed.^. Trognojlich of melancholy. Memb.i.Subf.1 

1 8S lhal be crowned for it.Thc <\MxjJegat& in former timcs,& I know not what 
i Bobemm At nation bdides,did ftifle their old men,to free the from thofc grievances, in* 
mrbu gentium, cicieot to that age.S r Thomas Moore in his Vtopta commends voluntary death 
**' ^ nc Dc f&iautalijs jW^/^troublcfome to himfclfc , or orliers, (efpeciallytf 
c Lib.i.vnfer- life be a torment to him ) let him free himf elf with hu own hands from this tedu 
mSdtiU ctli hfii** ft om a frifon,o r fa fir himfelfto be freed from others. It is an ordina* 
jitbori fpe fie- ry thwg in china (fmh Matt.Ricc/Mthe Jefuite) *fftbeybeindeJpaireofbet. 
tm acefH.v'ua ter fortunes y or t/redejr tortured with mifery, to here we themfelueseflife^- 
fieximJwLab m %n ) f ^ mcs t0 JP !te en€nttes worejto bang at their doore,AuJtin de civ, 
aiys mini fui dc i J. r .cap. defends* violent death/o that it bee vndcrtaken in a goodcaufe, 
^Exl^t 'l^ nem0 fi c ^ l9rtum '> c j. t ^ non f uera{ aliquando moriturm^qutdautem tnterefi^ub 
smus.lib.i'.c.?. mortts gjtnerejjita iflafiniatur, quandoiliecuifinitur^iterummori noncogi- 
Veibonorum tur f no m an fo voluntarily dies,but volens, nolens > he mud dye at laft 5 & 
tTw'm our ls f°bied to innumerable cafualties , who knowes when they may 
perpefnnefracti happen, utrum fatlus efl unamperpetimoriendo^ an omnes timer e •vivendo t 
&f*6&ti> vd u b ctter buffer one,then fearc all. x And a harder choice to liue in feare, then 
I by once dying, to be freed from all. Theombratus Ambrociata perfwaded, L 
ut inimkh fan know not how many hundreths of his Auditors, by a luculent Oration hec 
IFs/TdAn-' nia de of the miferies of this, & happines of that other life,to precipitate the* 
tbony, Gaibd, felues.f Calenus & his Indians ) hated of old,to dye a nacurall death; the C7r- 
^/n? him' cumce ^ lans & Do»ati/is,\oih'mg life^opellcd others to make the away , with 
feJfc.^. Atxx many fuch: but thefe are falfc & Pagan pof*tions 3 and vpon a wrong ground, 
in dcfpair,c/c- No euill is to be don? jhat good may come of tt/eclamat Chriftusjcclamat Scrip- 
^Thonor^ tertfiody & all good men arc V againft ir. * Male meretur, qui dat mendico 
* inertim deli- quod edat^nam ejr Olud quod dat,perit\ ejr ifaproducit^ vitam admiferiam ? he 
gtturdtuvtvere, t h at giues a beggar an almesfas that GomicallPoet faidjdoth ill,becaufehe 
totZo?bo'rum doth Du * a prolong his miferies.But Latlantius 1.6. c ?.de vero eultu^h it a 
fmei morie/ido, deteftable opinion,& fully confutes \t.l.jMfap.c.i%.& Aufltn c.6i.adDulci- 
formidarf^ twmTribunum. Hieromxo MarceUa of Blefillas death, Ncn recipio'tales am- 
t cmtm'l. \6. m,u ejrc.he cals fuch men jnartyres flult d PhilofophU, Cyprian de duplies mar. 
rLa^uem pr^eU tyrio^Si qui fie moriantur, aut infirmitas^ aut Ambit /o, aut dementia cogit eos, 
Zfdaml'aufia. To this effect writes Arijl.3. Ethic. but it needs no confutation.This only let 
gio ftByaajfU me adde,thatin fo me cafes, thofe b hardcenfures of fuch as offer violence to 
Txm!wpttt thcir wn P er ^ ons . a rc to be mitigated 3 as in fuch as are mad,befidc thefclues 
fcpneidit m or known to hauc bin long me!ancholy,& that in extr